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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732429/the-fringes
#1
EDITORIAL
Ed Benzel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732397/combined-sewer-overflow-events-and-childhood-emergency-department-visits-a-case-crossover-study
#2
Cole Brokamp, Andrew F Beck, Louis Muglia, Patrick Ryan
In localities with combined sewer systems, combined sewer overflow (CSO) events frequently occur following high precipitation and can result in the release of untreated sewage and industrial wastewater into surface waters. We hypothesized that either direct contact with or proximity to aerosolized CSO effluent would increase the risk for childhood emergency department (ED) visits for asthma, gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses, and skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in Cincinnati, OH, USA. ED visits for 2010-2014 due to GI diseases, asthma, and SSTIs were extracted from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center electronic health records...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732257/epileptiform-discharges-in-eeg-and-seizure-risk-in-adolescent-children-of-women-with-epilepsy
#3
Joseph Samuel, Manna Jose, V S Nandini, Sanjeev V Thomas
We aimed to study the epileptiform discharges (ED) and seizure risk in EEG of 12-18-year-old children of women with epilepsy (WWE). Children of WWE who were prospectively followed up in the Kerala registry of epilepsy and pregnancy (KREP), aged 12-16years (n=92; males 48, females 44) underwent clinical evaluation and a 30-min digital 18-channel EEG. The EEG showed epileptiform discharges in 13 children (5 males and 8 females). The EDs were generalized in 9 and focal in 4 (occipital 2, frontal 1, and centroparietal 1)...
July 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732088/patient-and-doctor-perspectives-on-hiv-screening-in-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#4
Noemy De Rossi, Nicolas Dattner, Matthias Cavassini, Solange Peters, Olivier Hugli, Katharine E A Darling
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) is mentioned specifically in the Swiss HIV testing recommendations as a site at which patients can benefit from expanded HIV testing to optimise early HIV diagnosis. At our centre, where local HIV seroprevalence is 0.2-0.4%, 1% of all patients presenting to the ED are tested for HIV. Barriers to HIV testing, from the patient and doctor perspective, and patient acceptability of rapid HIV testing were examined in this study. METHODS: Between October 2014 and May 2015, 100 discrete patient-doctor encounter pairs undertook a survey in the ED of Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731843/telemedicine-use-decreases-rural-emergency-department-length-of-stay-for-transferred-north-dakota-trauma-patients
#5
Nicholas M Mohr, J Priyanka Vakkalanka, Karisa K Harland, Amanda Bell, Brian Skow, Dan M Shane, Marcia M Ward
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has been proposed as one strategy to improve local trauma care and decrease disparities between rural and urban trauma outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to describe the effect of telemedicine on management and clinical outcomes for trauma patients in North Dakota. METHODS: Cohort study of adult (age ≥18 years) trauma patients treated in North Dakota Critical Access Hospital (CAH) Emergency Departments (EDs) from 2008 to 2014...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731535/ultrasound-guided-drainage-for-pediatric-soft-tissue-abscesses-decreases-clinical-failure-rates-compared-to-drainage-without-ultrasound-a-retrospective-study
#6
Romolo Joseph Gaspari, Alexandra Sanseverino
OBJECTIVES: Soft tissue abscesses are common in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Ultrasound (US) can be used to both diagnose soft tissue abscesses as well as guide drainage. We hypothesized that clinical failure rates would be less in pediatric patients with suspected skin abscesses when evaluated with US. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of suspected pediatric skin abscesses at 4 EDs over a 22-month period. Cases were identified through electronic medical record descriptions, discharge diagnoses, and US database records...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#7
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730901/book-review-visual-supports-for-people-with-autism-a-guide-for-parents-and-professionals-cohen-marlene-j-gerhardt-peter-f-2016-visual-supports-for-people-with-autism-a-guide-for-parents-and-professionals-2nd-ed-toronto-on-woodbine-house-216-pp-us-24-95-isbn
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730898/book-review-occupational-therapy-essentials-for-clinical-competence-jacobs-karen-macrae-nancy-sladyk-karen-eds-2014-occupational-therapy-essentials-for-clinical-competence-2nd-ed-thorofare-nj-slack-867-pp-us-89-95-isbn-978-1-61711-638-4
#9
Zoé Campbell, Marie-Josée Drisdelle, Julie Lapointe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730699/elevated-cardiac-troponin-t-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-emergency-care-admissions-is-associated-with-mortality
#10
Mayada Elnegouly, Katrin Umgelter, Wajima Safi, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Roland M Schmid, Andreas Umgelter
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mortality of cirrhotic patients after emergency care admission is high and prognostic factors can help in prioritizing patients. The aim of our study was to assess the association between levels of cardiac Troponin T (cTnT) and one-year mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis without known cardiac disease, who were admitted to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: All patients with cirrhosis presented to the ED from October 2009 until August 2015 who had an initial cTnT value measured with the first lab-panel were retrospectively analyzed with a follow-up of 365 days...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730629/emergency-department-use-for-acute-rhinosinusitis-insurance-dependent-for-children-and-adults
#11
Regan W Bergmark, Stacey L Ishman, Katie M Phillips, Michael J Cunningham, Ahmad R Sedaghat
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Patients with Medicaid or self-pay insurance status are more likely to present to the emergency department (ED) for uncomplicated acute rhinosinusitis (ARS). Our aim was to determine if this pattern holds true for both pediatric and adult visits. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using the 2005 to 2012 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys and National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys. METHODS: We included all visits with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for ARS and without codes for ARS complications...
July 21, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729305/biomechanical-reposition-techniques-in-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-a-randomised-multicentre-clinical-trial-the-brasd-trial-protocol
#12
David N Baden, Martijn H Roetman, Tom Boeije, Floris Roodheuvel, Nieke Mullaart-Jansen, Suzanne Peeters, Mike D Burg
INTRODUCTION: Glenohumeral (shoulder) dislocations are the most common large joint dislocations seen in the emergency department (ED). They cause pain, often severe, and require timely interventions to minimise discomfort and tissue damage. Commonly used reposition or relocation techniques often involve traction and/or leverage. These techniques have high success rates but may be painful and time consuming. They may also cause complications. Recently, other techniques-the biomechanical reposition techniques (BRTs)-have become more popular since they may cause less pain, require less time and cause fewer complications...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#13
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729010/evaluation-of-emergency-department-management-of-opioid-tolerant-cancer-patients-with-acute-pain
#14
Pina M Patel, Lauren F Goodman, Sheri A Knepel, Charles C Miller, Asma Azimi, Gary Phillips, Jillian L Gustin, Amber Hartman
CONTEXT: There are no previously published studies examining opioid doses administered to opioid-tolerant cancer patients during Emergency Department (ED) encounters. OBJECTIVE: To determine if opioid-tolerant cancer patients presenting with acute pain exacerbations receive adequate initial doses of PRN opioids during ED encounters based on home Oral Morphine Equivalents (OME) use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of opioid-tolerant cancer patients who received opioids in our ED over a 2-year period...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728807/the-impact-of-team-based-primary-care-on-health-care-services-utilization-and-costs-quebec-s-family-medicine-groups
#15
Erin Strumpf, Mehdi Ammi, Mamadou Diop, Julie Fiset-Laniel, Pierre Tousignant
We investigate the effects on health care costs and utilization of team-based primary care delivery: Quebec's Family Medicine Groups (FMGs). FMGs include extended hours, patient enrolment and multidisciplinary teams, but they maintain the same remuneration scheme (fee-for-service) as outside FMGs. In contrast to previous studies, we examine the impacts of organizational changes in primary care settings in the absence of changes to provider payment and outside integrated care systems. We built a panel of administrative data of the population of elderly and chronically ill patients, characterizing all individuals as FMG enrollees or not...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728577/integrating-data-from-randomized-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies-to-predict-the-response-to-pregabalin-in-patients-with-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#16
Joe Alexander, Roger A Edwards, Alberto Savoldelli, Luigi Manca, Roberto Grugni, Birol Emir, Ed Whalen, Stephen Watt, Marina Brodsky, Bruce Parsons
BACKGROUND: More patient-specific medical care is expected as more is learned about variations in patient responses to medical treatments. Analytical tools enable insights by linking treatment responses from different types of studies, such as randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. Given the importance of evidence from both types of studies, our goal was to integrate these types of data into a single predictive platform to help predict response to pregabalin in individual patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (pDPN)...
July 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727962/a-website-system-for-communicating-psychological-science
#17
Ed Diener
The peer review and journal system have shortcomings, and both computers and the Internet have made complementary or alternative systems attractive. In this article, I recommend that we implement a new platform for open communication of psychological science on a dedicated website to complement the current review and journal system, with reader reviews of the articles and with all behavioral scientists being eligible to publish and review articles. The judged merit of articles would be based on the citations and the ratings of the work by the whole scientific community...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727768/benign-and-tumor-parenchyma-metabolomic-profiles-affect-compensatory-renal-growth-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-surgical-patients
#18
Barak Rosenzweig, Nimrod D Rubinstein, Ed Reznik, Roman Shingarev, Krishna Juluru, Oguz Akin, James J Hsieh, Edgar A Jaimes, Paul Russo, Katalin Susztak, Jonathan A Coleman, A Ari Hakimi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pre-operative kidney volume is an independent predictor of glomerular filtration rate in renal cell carcinoma patients. Compensatory renal growth (CRG) can ensue prior to nephrectomy in parallel to tumor growth and benign parenchyma loss. We aimed to test whether renal metabolite abundances significantly associate with CRG, suggesting a causative relationship. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Tissue metabolomics data from 49 patients, with a median age of 60 years, were previously collected and the pre-operative fold-change of their contra to ipsi-lateral benign kidney volume served as a surrogate for their CRG...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727606/the-clinical-utility-of-respiratory-variation-in-inferior-vena-cava-diameter-for-predicting-fluid-responsiveness-in-spontaneously-ventilating-patients
#19
Elliot Long, Ed Oakley, Trevor Duke, Franz E Babl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727197/influence-of-weather-on-incidence-of-bronchiolitis-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#20
Tobias Hoeppner, Meredith Borland, Franz E Babl, Jocelyn Neutze, Natalie Phillips, David Krieser, Stuart R Dalziel, Andrew Davidson, Susan Donath, Kim Jachno, Mike South, Amanda Williams, Guicheng Zhang, Ed Oakley
AIM: We aimed to examine the impact of weather on hospital admissions with bronchiolitis in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: We collected data for inpatient admissions of infants aged 2-12 months to seven hospitals in four cities in Australia and New Zealand from 2009 until 2011. Correlation of hospital admissions with minimum daily temperature, wind speed, relative humidity and rainfall was examined using linear, Poisson and negative binomial regression analyses as well as general estimated equation models...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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