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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26102037/identification-of-the-chle-gene-encoding-oxygen-independent-mg-protoporphyrin-ix-monomethyl-ester-cyclase-in-cyanobacteria
#1
Kaori Yamanashi, Kei Minamizaki, Yuichi Fujita
The fifth ring (E-ring) of chlorophyll (Chl) a is produced by Mg-protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester (MPE) cyclase. There are two evolutionarily unrelated MPE cyclases: oxygen-independent (BchE) and oxygen-dependent (ChlA/AcsF) MPE cyclases. Although ChlA is the sole MPE cyclase in Synechocystis PCC 6803, it is yet unclear whether BchE exists in cyanobacteria. A BLAST search suggests that only few cyanobacteria possess bchE. Here, we report that two bchE candidate genes from Cyanothece strains PCC 7425 and PCC 7822 restore the photosynthetic growth and bacteriochlorophyll production in a bchE-lacking mutant of Rhodobacter capsulatus...
August 7, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25506560/chilblain-lupus-erythematosus-in-an-adolescent-girl
#2
Shikha Bansal, Alka Goel
Chilblain Lupus Erythematosus (CHLE) is a rare form of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE), more frequently seen in middle aged females. It is characterized by erythematous to violaceous plaques over the acral areas induced by exposure to cold or drop in temperature unlike lesions of lupus erythematosus that worsen with sun exposure. Here, we present a case of chilblain lupus erythematosus in an adolescent girl with few unique features not previously reported.
November 2014: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18543054/chilblain-lupus-erythematosus-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
C M Hedrich, B Fiebig, F H Hauck, S Sallmann, G Hahn, C Pfeiffer, G Heubner, Min Ae Lee-Kirsch, M Gahr
Chilblain lupus erythematosus (CHLE) is a rare, chronic form of cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Sporadic cases and two families with autosomal dominant-inherited CHLE have been reported. In familial CHLE, two missense mutations in TREX1 encoding the 3'-5' repair exonuclease 1 were described in affected individuals. The pathogenesis of sporadic CHLE remains unknown. Up to 20% of patients develop systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). An association with anorexia is discussed. In many cases, there is good response to symptomatic therapy...
August 2008: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17630312/gene-overexpression-and-biochemical-characterization-of-the-biotechnologically-relevant-chlorogenic-acid-hydrolase-from-aspergillus-niger
#4
Isabelle Benoit, Michèle Asther, Yves Bourne, David Navarro, Stéphane Canaan, Laurence Lesage-Meessen, Marga Herweijer, Pedro M Coutinho, Marcel Asther, Eric Record
The full-length gene that encodes the chlorogenic acid hydrolase from Aspergillus niger CIRM BRFM 131 was cloned by PCR based on the genome of the strain A. niger CBS 513.88. The complete gene consists of 1,715 bp and codes for a deduced protein of 512 amino acids with a molecular mass of 55,264 Da and an acidic pI of 4.6. The gene was successfully cloned and overexpressed in A. niger to yield 1.25 g liter(-1), i.e., 330-fold higher than the production of wild-type strain A. niger CIRM BRFM131. The histidine-tagged recombinant ChlE protein was purified to homogeneity via a single chromatography step, and its main biochemical properties were characterized...
September 2007: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16659239/the-effect-of-atp-on-the-photoconversion-of-protochlorophyllide-in-isolated-etioplasts-of-zea-mays
#5
P Horton, R M Leech
The transformation of protochlorophyllide (PChle) into chlorophyllide (Chle) has been studied in isolated etioplasts from Zea mays. ATP (1.5mm) prevented the transformation of photoconvertible PChle 650 to PChle 630 in aged etioplasts. Curve analysis indicated that the ATP effect on photoconvertibility could be entirely accounted for by changes in the proportions of PChle 630 and PChle 650 and examination of the isolated pigments revealed that only unphytylated PChle could be activated for photoconversion by ATP...
July 1975: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16428412/complex-regulation-of-arsenite-oxidation-in-agrobacterium-tumefaciens
#6
Des R Kashyap, Lina M Botero, William L Franck, Daniel J Hassett, Timothy R McDermott
Seminal regulatory controls of microbial arsenite [As(III)] oxidation are described in this study. Transposon mutagenesis of Agrobacterium tumefaciens identified genes essential for As(III) oxidation, including those coding for a two-component signal transduction pair. The transposon interrupted a response regulator gene (referred to as aoxR), which encodes an ntrC-like protein and is immediately downstream of a gene (aoxS) encoding a protein with primary structural features found in sensor histidine kinases...
February 2006: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7047497/nitrate-reductase-in-escherichia-coli-k-12-involvement-of-chlc-chle-and-chlg-loci
#7
V Stewart, C H MacGregor
We examined the properties of mutants of E. coli which are defective with respect to nitrate reductase activity. chlE::Mu cts and chlG::Mu cts mutants were all chlorate resistant, and the strains that we examined all synthesized nitrate reductase apoenzyme. We concluded that the chlE and chlG loci, like the chlA, chlB, and chlD loci, are involved in the synthesis of insertion of molybdenum cofactor. We identified at least four distinct phenotypic classes of chlC::Tn10 mutants, all of which were fully or partially sensitive to chlorate...
August 1982: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7031034/proton-translocation-coupled-to-trimethylamine-n-oxide-reduction-in-anaerobically-grown-escherichia-coli
#8
M Takagi, T Tsuchiya, M Ishimoto
Proton translocation coupled to trimethylamine N-oxide reduction was studied in Escherichia coli grown anaerobically in the presence of trimethylamine N-oxide. Rapid acidification of the medium was observed when trimethylamine N-oxide was added to anaerobic cell suspensions of E. coli K-10. Acidification was sensitive to the proton conductor 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylidenemalononitrile (SF6847). No pH change was shown in a strain deficient in trimethylamine N-oxide reductase activity. The apparent H+/trimethylamine N-oxide ratio in cells oxidizing endogenous substrates was 3 to 4 g-ions of H+ translocated per mol of trimethylamine N-oxide added...
December 1981: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7028718/new-mechanism-for-post-translational-processing-during-assembly-of-a-cytoplasmic-membrane-protein
#9
C H MacGregor, G E McElhaney
Insertion of nitrate reductase into the Escherichia coli cytoplasmic membrane was examined by following the fate of pulse-labeled enzyme in both the membrane and cytoplasm during various times after the addition of an unlabeled chase. The polypeptide composition of this labeled enzyme was determined by autoradiography of immunoprecipitated material after separation on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. The data presented here indicate that immediately after appropriate insertion of the enzyme into the membrane, a post-translational event occurs which converts the cytoplasmically synthesized form of subunit B (B') to the form found in the completely assembled enzyme (B)...
November 1981: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7026535/identification-of-the-molybdenum-cofactor-in-chlorate-resistant-mutants-of-escherichia-coli
#10
N K Amy
Experiments were performed to determine whether defects in molybdenum cofactor metabolism were responsible for the pleiotropic loss of the molybdoenzymes nitrate reductase and formate dehydrogenase in chl mutants of Escherichia coli. In wild-type E. coli, molybdenum cofactor activity was present in both the soluble and membrane-associated fractions when the cells were grown either aerobically or anaerobically, with and without nitrate. Molybdenum cofactor in the soluble fraction decreased when the membrane-bound nitrate reductase and formate dehydrogenase were induced...
October 1981: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7012121/synthesis-and-degradation-of-nitrate-reductase-in-escherichia-coli
#11
C S Hackett, C H MacGregor
The biosynthesis, insertion, and in vivo stability of nitrate reductase were examined by following the amount of labeled enzyme present in both membranes and cytoplasm at varying times after a short pulse of radioactive sulfate. Nitrate reductase levels were measured by autoradiography of immunoprecipitated material after fractionation on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. These experiments demonstrated that subunits A and B were synthesized in the cytoplasm and subsequently inserted into membranes...
April 1981: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6460021/molybdenum-cofactor-requirement-for-biotin-sulfoxide-reduction-in-escherichia-coli
#12
A del Campillo-Campbell, A Campbell
The bisC gene of Escherichia coli is tentatively identified as the structural gene for biotin sulfoxide reductase by the isolation of bisC(Ts) mutants that make thermolabile enzyme. The products of four other E. coli genes (chlA, chlB, chlE and chlG) are also needed for enzymatic activity. Mutations previously assigned to the bisA, bisB, and bisD genes belong to genes chlA, chlE, and chlG, respectively. The biotin sulfoxide reductase deficiency of a chlG, mutant is partially reversed by the addition of 10 mM molybdate to the growth medium...
February 1982: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6363588/reconstitution-of-plant-nitrate-reductase-by-escherichia-coli-extracts-and-the-molecular-cloning-of-the-chla-gene-of-escherichia-coli-k12
#13
J L Taylor, J R Bedbrook, F J Grant, A Kleinhofs
Extracts from Escherichia coli, wild type and chlB, chlC, chlD, chlE, and chlG, but not chlA mutants, were able to reconstitute the nitrate reductase activity in Nicotiana tabacum cnx68 and Hyoscyamus muticus MA-2 mutant extracts. Because cnx68 and MA-2 lack the molybdenum cofactor required for nitrate reductase activity, these results indicate that the functional chlA gene is essential to produce the molybdenum cofactor in E. coli. A clone containing a gene capable of complementing the chlA mutation SA493 was obtained on a large cosmid pJT1...
1983: Journal of Molecular and Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6353165/identification-of-an-iron-uptake-system-specific-for-coprogen-and-rhodotorulic-acid-in-escherichia-coli-k12
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
K Hantke
With the lac operon fusion technique, mutants were isolated in two genes that specify two outer membrane proteins designated FhuE (76 K) and Fiu (83 K). The synthesis of both proteins was increased under low iron growth conditions. The FhuE-protein was shown to be necessary for iron uptake via coprogen, an iron chelator produced by certain fungi, e.g. Neurospora crassa. In addition to fhueE the genes fhuCDB, tonB and exbB were necessary for iron coprogen uptake. The gene fhuE was mapped between kdp and gltA near 16 min on the genetic map of E...
1983: Molecular & General Genetics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6307982/molybdenum-cofactor-in-chlorate-resistant-and-nitrate-reductase-deficient-insertion-mutants-of-escherichia-coli
#15
J B Miller, N K Amy
We examined molybdenum cofactor activity in chlorate-resistant (chl) and nitrate reductase-deficient (nar) insertion mutants and wild-type strains of Escherichia coli K-12. The bacterial molybdenum cofactor was assayed by its ability to restore activity to the cofactor-deficient nitrate reductase found in the nit-1 strain of Neurospora crassa. In the wild-type E. coli strains, molybdenum cofactor was synthesized constitutively and found in both cytoplasmic and membrane fractions. Cofactor was found in two forms: the demolybdo form required additional molybdate in the assay mix for detection, whereas the molybdenum-containing form was active without additional molybdate...
August 1983: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/4941570/alterations-in-the-cytoplasmic-membrane-proteins-of-various-chlorate-resistant-mutants-of-escherichia-coli
#16
C H MacGregor, C A Schnaitman
Chlorate-resistant mutants corresponding to each known genetic locus (chlA, chlB, chlC, chlD, chlE) were isolated from Escherichia coli K-12. All these mutants showed decreased amounts of membrane-bound nitrate reductase, cytochrome b, and formic dehydrogenase, but all had normal succinic dehydrogenase activity. Proteins from the cytoplasmic membranes of these mutants were compared to those of the wild type-on polyacrylamide gels. The addition of nitrate to wild-type anaerobic cultures caused increased formation of three membrane proteins...
October 1971: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/4579877/genetic-analysis-of-the-system-that-reduces-biotin-d-sulfoxide-in-escherichia-coli
#17
D Dykhuizen
Four genes of Escherichia coli whose products are needed to reduce biotin-d-sulfoxide to biotin have been mapped: bisA next to chlA, bisB next to chlE, bisC linked to xyl, and bisD next to chlG. A defective lambda transducing phage, lambdadbis5, which carries all the bacterial genes between the lambda attachment site and chlE, was isolated and shown to have lost the phage genes from int through Q.
August 1973: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/4576401/reconstitution-of-nitrate-reductase-activity-and-formation-of-membrane-particles-from-cytoplasmic-extracts-of-chlorate-resistant-mutants-of-escherichia-coli
#18
C H MacGregor, C A Schnaitman
The reconstitution of nitrate reductase activity in mixtures of cytoplasmic fractions from the chlorate-resistant mutants chlA, B, C, and E which are lacking this activity was investigated, and the membrane-like particulate material which formed during this reconstitution was analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. When chlA and chlB extracts are incubated together, the cytoplasmic membrane proteins present in the particles which are formed are contributed by both mutants, and the proteins are essentially the same as the proteins in the cytoplasmic membrane fractions of the two mutants...
June 1973: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/3888958/dimethyl-sulfoxide-reductase-activity-by-anaerobically-grown-escherichia-coli-hb101
#19
P T Bilous, J H Weiner
Escherichia coli grew anaerobically on a minimal medium with glycerol as the carbon and energy source and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as the terminal electron acceptor. DMSO reductase activity, measured with an artificial electron donor (reduced benzyl viologen), was preferentially associated with the membrane fraction (77 +/- 10% total cellular activity). A Km for DMSO reduction of 170 +/- 60 microM was determined for the membrane-bound activity. Methyl viologen, reduced flavin mononucleotide, and reduced flavin adenine dinucleotide also served as electron donors for DMSO reduction...
June 1985: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/3886012/identification-in-various-chlorate-resistant-mutants-of-a-protein-involved-in-the-activation-of-nitrate-reductase-in-the-soluble-fraction-of-a-chla-mutant-of-escherichia-coli-k-12
#20
G Giordano, L Saracino, L Grillet
We report some properties of Protein PA which has been isolated from the soluble fraction of a chlB mutant after anaerobic growth in the presence of KNO3. This protein has been identified by its capacity to reactivate nitrate reductase present in the soluble fraction of a chlA mutant by the complementation process. The presence of active Protein PA in the chlB mutant is independent of the presence of oxygen or of nitrate during growth. In contrast, the addition of sodium tungstate to the growth medium leads to the formation of inactive Protein PA which is not able to activate nitrate reductase in the chlA-soluble extract by complementation...
April 17, 1985: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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