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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914568/motivations-of-patients-seeking-supportive-care-for-cancer-from-physicians%C3%A2-prescribing-homeopathic-or-conventional-medicines-results-of-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#1
Karine Danno, Aurélie Colas, Gilles Freyer, Jean-Paul Guastalla, Gérard Duru, Eric Musial, Vincent Libourel, Jean-Philippe Fendler, Jean-Louis Masson, Marie-France Bordet
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The motivations of patients who consult a homeopathic (GP-Ho) or conventional (GP-CM) general practitioner for supportive care during cancer treatment have not been widely studied. We investigated the reasons why cancer patients consult a GP-Ho versus a GP-CM for supportive care and the GPs' motivations for their prescriptions. METHODS: This observational survey was carried out in France between October 2008 and October 2011. GPs across France were randomly selected and asked to recruit four cancer patients each...
November 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875188/pelvis-atlas-based-surgical-planning-for-oncological-pelvic-surgery
#2
Noeska Smit, Kai Lawonn, Annelot Kraima, Marco DeRuiter, Hessam Sokooti, Stefan Bruckner, Elmar Eisemann, Anna Vilanova
Due to the intricate relationship between the pelvic organs and vital structures, such as vessels and nerves, pelvic anatomy is often considered to be complex to comprehend. In oncological pelvic surgery, a trade-off has to be made between complete tumor resection and preserving function by preventing damage to the nerves. Damage to the autonomic nerves causes undesirable post-operative side-effects such as fecal and urinal incontinence, as well as sexual dysfunction in up to 80 percent of the cases. Since these autonomic nerves are not visible in pre-operative MRI scans or during surgery, avoiding nerve damage during such a surgical procedure becomes challenging...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774413/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-among-malaysian-cancer-patients-a-descriptive-study
#3
Maryam Farooqui, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Aishah Knight Abdul Shatar, Muhammad Aslam Farooqui, Fahad Saleem, Noman Ul Haq, Che Noriah Othman
The use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM; bǔ chōng yǔ tì dài yī xué) has been rapidly increasing among cancer patients. However, this pervasiveness is still largely unexplored among Malaysian cancer patients. The current study aimed to evaluate the patterns of CAM use among cancer patients from a local hospital in Malaysia. In addition, the study focused on the information-seeking behavior and CAM use disclosure to doctors. Of 393 patients, 184 (46.1%) had used CAM for their cancers. CAM usage was significantly associated with gender (p = 0...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743147/continuing-dilemmas-in-the-management-of-lymphoma-during-pregnancy-review-of-a-10-point-case-based-questionnaire
#4
Amit Odelia, Joffe Erel, Perry Chava, Herishanu Yair, Sarid Nadav, Lishner Michael, Avivi Irit
INTRODUCTION: Due to the rarity of lymphoma during pregnancy, management guidelines are based upon evidence from retrospective studies and case reports. Here, we review the major dilemmas in the field and examine the approach of hemato-oncologists in Israel to the management of lymphoma in pregnancy. METHODOLOGY: We performed a literature search on the PubMed database using keywords for all papers on the subject from 1990-2014. The papers were reviewed by an expert panel who devised a questionnaire covering the main dilemmas...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681745/the-radiation-oncology-job-market-the-economics-and-policy-of-workforce-regulation
#5
REVIEW
Benjamin P Falit, Hubert Y Pan, Benjamin D Smith, Brian M Alexander, Anthony L Zietman
Examinations of the US radiation oncology workforce offer inconsistent conclusions, but recent data raise significant concerns about an oversupply of physicians. Despite these concerns, residency slots continue to expand at an unprecedented pace. Employed radiation oncologists and professional corporations with weak contracts or loose ties to hospital administrators would be expected to suffer the greatest harm from an oversupply. The reduced cost of labor, however, would be expected to increase profitability for equipment owners, technology vendors, and entrenched professional groups...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636022/fast-imaging-employing-steady-state-acquisition-fiesta-mri-to-investigate-cerebrospinal-fluid-csf-within-dural-reflections-of-posterior-fossa-cranial-nerves
#6
David J Noble, Daniel Scoffings, Thankamma Ajithkumar, Michael V Williams, Sarah J Jefferies
OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus approach to covering skull base meningeal reflections-and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) therein-of the posterior fossa cranial nerves (CNs VII-XII) when planning radiotherapy (RT) for medulloblastoma and ependymoma. We sought to determine whether MRI and specifically fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) sequences can answer this anatomical question and guide RT planning. METHODS: 96 posterior fossa FIESTA sequences were reviewed...
November 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609193/computer-assisted-framework-for-machine-learning-based-delineation-of-gtv-regions-on-datasets-of-planning-ct-and-pet-ct-images
#7
Koujiro Ikushima, Hidetaka Arimura, Ze Jin, Hidetake Yabu-Uchi, Jumpei Kuwazuru, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Tomonari Sasaki, Hiroshi Honda, Masayuki Sasaki
We have proposed a computer-assisted framework for machine-learning-based delineation of gross tumor volumes (GTVs) following an optimum contour selection (OCS) method. The key idea of the proposed framework was to feed image features around GTV contours (determined based on the knowledge of radiation oncologists) into a machine-learning classifier during the training step, after which the classifier produces the 'degree of GTV' for each voxel in the testing step. Initial GTV regions were extracted using a support vector machine (SVM) that learned the image features inside and outside each tumor region (determined by radiation oncologists)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553354/pathologists-and-liquid-biopsies-to-be-or-not-to-be
#8
REVIEW
Paul Hofman, Helmut H Popper
Recently, the advent of therapies targeting genomic alterations has improved the care of patients with certain types of cancer. While molecular targets were initially detected in nucleic acid samples extracted from tumor tissue, detection of nucleic acids in circulating blood has allowed the development of what has become known as liquid biopsies, which provide a complementary and alternative sample source allowing identification of genomic alterations that might be addressed by targeted therapy. Consequently, liquid biopsies might rapidly revolutionize oncology practice in allowing administration of more effective treatments...
December 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525573/use-of-implicit-persuasion-in-decision-making-about-adjuvant-cancer-treatment-a-potential-barrier-to-shared-decision-making
#9
Ellen G Engelhardt, Arwen H Pieterse, Anja van der Hout, Hanneke J C J M de Haes, Judith R Kroep, Patricia Quarles van Ufford-Mannesse, Johanneke E A Portielje, Ellen M A Smets, Anne M Stiggelbout
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making (SDM) is widely advocated, especially for preference-sensitive decisions like those on adjuvant treatment for early-stage cancer. Here, decision making involves a subjective trade-off between benefits and side-effects, and therefore, patients' informed preferences should be taken into account. If clinicians consciously or unconsciously steer patients towards the option they think is in their patients' best interest (i.e. implicit persuasion), they may be unwittingly subverting their own efforts to implement SDM...
October 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507768/creating-virtual-integration-and-improved-oncology-care-quality-through-a-co-management-services-agreement
#10
Nicole L W Hartung, Rhonda M Henschel, Katie B Smith, Dean H Gesme
PURPOSE: Implementation of a co-management services agreement (Co-MSA) creates agreed-upon cancer care delivery quality metrics, a forum for discussion of service line oversight, and virtually integrated care without institutional employment of oncologists. The goal of this project was to demonstrate that a Co-MSA improved predefined quality metrics and provided enhanced communications between a health system's oncology service line and a group of independent oncologists. METHODS: Iterative planning discussions were scheduled biweekly over an 18-month period...
September 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444312/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-individuals-presenting-for-care-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#11
Patricia L Judson, Reem Abdallah, Yin Xiong, Judith Ebbert, Johnathan M Lancaster
PURPOSE: To define the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in individuals presenting for care at a comprehensive cancer center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 17 639 individuals presenting to an NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center (and consortium sites) completed a questionnaire regarding CAM use. Data were analyzed using the univariate χ(2) test to assess CAM use associated with a number of variables, including cancer status, age, gender, marital status, ethnicity, race, employment, and education level...
July 21, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443573/characteristics-of-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer-referred-to-a-rapid-access-supportive-care-clinic
#12
Sriram Yennurajalingam, Zhanni Lu, Janet L Williams, Diane D Liu, Joseph Anthony Arthur, Eduardo Bruera
OBJECTIVE: There is a limited number of pragmatic studies to evaluate the criteria for referral to outpatient palliative care. The aim of our study was to compare the characteristics, symptoms, and survival of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) referred (RF) versus not referred (NRF) to a novel embedded same-day rapid-access supportive care clinic (RASCC) and to compare the subgroups among referred patients. METHOD: We reviewed the medical records of all patients who received treatment at the thoracic oncology clinic for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer between August 1, 2012, and June 30, 2013, who were referred to the RASCC and those who were not referred...
July 22, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353421/french-general-practitioners-sense-of-isolation-in-the-management-of-elderly-cancer-patients
#13
Bruno Chicoulaa, Laurent Balardy, Andre Stillmunkes, Loic Mourey, Stephane Oustric, Marie-Eve Rouge Bugat
BACKGROUND: Cancer care in people over 75 years of age is particularly complex and requires collaboration between oncologists, geriatricians, GPs and other professional and family carers. To improve the care pathways for elderly people living with cancer, the French health authorities have created a network of oncologists and geriatricians; however, GPs experience difficulties in establishing their place in this network. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyse the impressions of French GPs involved in the care of elderly patients with cancer, including their feelings regarding their relationships with their oncologist and geriatrician colleagues...
October 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343188/situation-of-young-radiation-oncologists-medical-physicists-and-radiation-biologists-in-german-speaking-countries-results-from-a%C3%A2-web-based-survey-of-the-young-degro-working-group
#14
David Krug, Rene Baumann, Thorsten Rieckmann, Emmanouil Fokas, Tobias Gauer, Maximilian Niyazi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The working group "Young DEGRO" (yDEGRO) was established in 2014 by the German Society of Radiation Oncology (DEGRO). We aimed to assess the current situation of young radiation oncologists, medical physicists and radiation biologists. METHODS: An online survey that included 52 questions or statements was designed to evaluate topics related to training, clinical duties and research opportunities. Using the electronic mailing list of the DEGRO and contact persons at university hospitals in Germany as well as at four hospitals in Switzerland and Austria, young professionals employed in the field of radiation oncology were invited to participate in the survey...
August 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294301/hsp70-based-anti-cancer-immunotherapy
#15
Irina V Guzhova, Boris A Margulis
Heat shock protein 70, (Hsp70) constitutes a powerful system of cytoprotection in all organisms studied to date. Exerting such activity, Hsp70 rescues cancer cells from antitumor therapy, posing a great challenge for oncologists. In contrast to its protective action, Hsp70 was found to be released from cancer cells, prompting cytotoxic lymphocytes to target and kill the tumor. A great number of vaccines have been developed on the basis of the ability of Hsp70 to present tumor antigen or to elevate the sensitivity of cancer cells to cytotoxic lymphocytes...
June 13, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278111/lung-cancer-radiation-therapy-in-australia-and-new-zealand-patterns-of-practice
#16
Syed Muntasser Islam, Shalini K Vinod, Margot Lehman, Shankar Siva, Tomas Kron, Patrick M Dwyer, Lois Holloway, Louis Lao, Mei Ling Yap, Jeremy D Ruben
INTRODUCTION: The RANZCR Faculty of Radiation Oncology Lung Interest Cooperative (FROLIC) surveyed patterns of lung cancer radiation therapy practice for non-small cell (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) to evaluate current patterns of care and potential for improvement. METHODS: In October 2014, Radiation Oncologists (ROs) from all 62 departments in Australia and New Zealand were invited to a web-based survey directed at those treating lung cancer. Questions covered current radiation therapy practice as well as quality measures...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260517/tumor-boards-from-the-perspective-of-ambulant-oncological-care
#17
Kerstin Hermes-Moll, Robert Dengler, Christoph Riese, Walter Baumann
BACKGROUND: Cancer therapy requires the cooperation of physicians from different disciplines. At the core of the collaboration are 'tumor boards' (also known as 'multidisciplinary team meetings' and 'tumor conferences'). However, there is limited health care research that addresses the multiple facets of such meetings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were analyzed from 3 routinely conducted surveys comprising information from (i) office-based hematologists and oncologists, (ii) their patients, and (iii) quality indicators...
2016: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165185/design-of-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-a-tailored-clinical-support-intervention-to-enhance-return-to-work-for-gastrointestinal-cancer-patients
#18
AnneClaire G N M Zaman, Kristien M A J Tytgat, Jean H G Klinkenbijl, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is frequently diagnosed in people of working age, and many GI cancer patients experience work-related problems. Although these patients often experience difficulties returning to work, supportive work-related interventions are lacking. We have therefore developed a tailored work-related support intervention for GI cancer patients, and we aim to evaluate its cost-effectiveness compared with the usual care provided. If this intervention proves effective, it can be implemented in practice to support GI cancer patients after diagnosis and to help them return to work...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148476/payment-reform-unprecedented-and-evolving-impact-on-gynecologic-oncology
#19
REVIEW
Sachin M Apte, Kavita Patel
With the signing of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act in April 2015, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is now positioned to drive the development and implementation of sweeping changes to how physicians and hospitals are paid for the provision of oncology-related services. These changes will have a long-lasting impact on the sub-specialty of gynecologic oncology, regardless of practice structure, physician employment and compensation model, or local insurance market. Recently, commercial payers have piloted various models of payment reform via oncology-specific clinical pathways, oncology medical homes, episode payment arrangements, and accountable care organizations...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125832/evaluation-of-association-between-gynecologic-oncology-fellowship-length-and-a-career-in-academic-medicine
#20
Joshua P Kesterson, J Brian Szender, Eric Schaefer, James Fanning, Shashikant Lele, Peter Frederick
The purpose of this study is to determine the association between gynecologic oncology fellowship training factors, including fellowship length, and a career in academic medicine. A survey was sent to all 980 gynecologic oncologists identified via the SGO membership directory. The survey questions focused on demographics, fellowship training, practice- type, and research involvement. Demographics of the study population and survey responses were reported using frequencies and percentages. Chi-squared tests were used to test for associations between selected survey responses and length of fellowship...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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