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Orthopedic Surgery

Matthew Thomas Sims, Zachary Carter Sanchez, James Murphy Herrington, James Barrett Hensel, Nolan Michael Henning, Caleb Josiah Scheckel, Matt Vassar
INTRODUCTION: With the intent of improving transparency in clinical research, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) established guidelines in 2005 regarding prospective clinical trial registration. This action worked to address bias related to selective outcome reporting in the medical literature. The objective of this study was to assess and characterize the quality of registration of clinical trials appearing in shoulder arthroplasty-related medical journals...
2016: PloS One
Z W Teo Wendy, P C Schalock
The use of metals in the medical field has become increasingly prevalent over the past few decades. Patients find themselves being exposed to metals in a variety of ways, ranging from external exposure to instruments such as the stainless steel in surgical blades to internal exposure via medical devices being implanted in their bodies. There has been growing interest in the possibility of developing hypersensitivity reactions to constituent metals in medical implant devices, both in cutaneous and systemic forms...
October 2016: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Faramarz Mosaffa, Seyed Amir Mohajerani, Reza Aminnejad, Ali Solhpour, Shideh Dabir, Gholam Reza Mohseni
BACKGROUND: Preemptive analgesia is the blocking of pain perception afferent pathways before noxious painful stimuli. Clonidine is an alpha agonist drug that is partially selective for α-2 adrenoreceptors. Clonidine is used as anti-anxiety medication and an, analgesic, and it prolongs the duration of the block in the brachial plexus block. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of preemptive clonidine with midazolam on intraoperative sedation, duration of block, and postoperative pain scores...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Kingsley O Abode-Iyamah, Stephanus V Viljoen, Colleen L McHenry, Michael A Petrie, Kirsten E Stoner, Nader S Dahdaleh, Nicole M Grosland, Matthew A Howard, Richard K Shields
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common disease of aging that leads to gait instability resulting from loss of leg sensory and motor functions. The results of surgical intervention have been studied using a variety of methods, but no test has been reported that objectively measures integrative leg motor sensory functions in CSM patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of using a novel single leg squat (SLS) test to measure integrative motor sensory functions in patients with CSM before and after surgery...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Bin Yu, Miao He, Guang-Yu Cai, Tian-Xiao Zou, Na Zhang
BACKGROUND: Continuous femoral nerve block and fascia iliaca compartment block are 2 traditional anesthesia methods in orthopedic surgeries, but it is controversial which method is better. The objective of this study was to compare the practicality, efficacy, and complications of the 2 modalities in hip replacement surgery in the elderly and to assess the utility of a novel cannula-over-needle set. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized controlled clinical investigation, 60 elderly patients undergoing hip replacement were randomly assigned to receive either continuous femoral nerve block or continuous fascia iliaca compartment block...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhasani, Sajad Khosravi, Mahya Tohidi
INTRODUCTION: In order to improve health, hospital sources such as beds and staffing should be properly allocated and used. The aim of this study is reallocation of Shafa hospital beds in Kerman using a goal-programming model. METHODS: This study was an applied cross-sectional study, which used the goal programming model and software WinQSB to optimize bed allocation. By review of the literature and interviews with experts, the constraints in beds allocation were identified, and using the collected data the desired model was designed...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Munjed Al Muderis, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Maria-Angela Clifford, Andreas Toepfer
BACKGROUND: Cementless fixation of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) is often favored in young, high-demanding patients due to the conservation of valuable bone-stock and easier revision if loosening has occurred. Long-term outcome data of the spongy metal structured implant used in the present study in patients younger than 65 years are still lacking. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review and functional investigation (Merle d'Aubigné score, SF-12) of patients younger than 65 years at implantation treated with a spongy metal structured THA (n = 79) from one orthopedic university center from 1985 to 1989...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Mhamad Faour, Joshua T Anderson, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
The use of opioids among patients with workers' compensation claims is associated with tremendous costs, especially for patients who undergo spinal surgery. This study compared return-to-work rates after single-level cervical fusion for degenerative disk disease between patients who received opioids before surgery and patients who underwent fusion with no previous opioid use. All study subjects qualified for workers' compensation benefits for injuries sustained at work between 1993 and 2011. The study population included 281 subjects who underwent single-level cervical fusion for degenerative disk disease with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, and Current Procedural Terminology code algorithms...
October 18, 2016: Orthopedics
Jon Hedgecock, P Christopher Cook, John Harrast, Judith F Baumhauer, Brian D Giordano
Hip preservation surgery encompasses various surgical procedures that have the goal of decreasing the progression of osteoarthritis, preserving normal hip function, and delaying the need for arthroplasty. These procedures can encompass arthroscopic, open, and combined techniques. This study investigated the trends and complications associated with open hip preservation surgery performed by candidates undergoing Part II of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery examination. The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Part II surgeon case database was queried from the years 2003 to 2013 for Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes related to open hip preservation surgery in patients 10 years and older...
October 18, 2016: Orthopedics
Steven T Hendrix, Austin M Barrett, Bopha Chrea, William H Replogle, Josie M Hydrick, Gene R Barrett
Is there a correlation between increased posterior-inferior tibial slope angle and noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury? Does increasing the posterior-inferior tibial slope angle increase the risk of bilateral ACL injury? A computerized relational database (Access 2007; Microsoft Inc, Redmond, Washington) was used to conduct a retrospective review of patients undergoing bilateral or unilateral ACL reconstruction surgery or treatment by a single surgeon between 1995 and 2013. Included in the study were patients with bilateral and unilateral ACL injuries and patellofemoral pain syndrome with no associated ACL deficiency...
October 18, 2016: Orthopedics
Robert P Lamberts, Marlette Burger, Jacques du Toit, Nelleke G Langerak
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA) is commonly used to assess the effect of orthopedic single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review is to provide an overview of different orthopedic SEMLS interventions and their effects on 3DGA parameters in children with spastic CP. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search within six databases revealed 648 records, from which 89 articles were selected for the full-text review and 24 articles (50 studies) included for systematic review...
2016: PloS One
Kris Radcliff, William B Morrison, Christopher Kepler, Jeffrey Moore, Gursukhman S Sidhu, David Gendelberg, Luciano Miller, Marcos A Sonagli, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To identify specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of epidural fluid collections associated with infection, hematoma, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Interpretation of postoperative MRI can be challenging after lumbar fusion. The purpose of this study was to identify specific MRI characteristics of epidural fluid collections associated with infection, hematoma, or CSF...
November 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Anita Mohandas, Chris Summa, W Bradley Worthington, Jason Lerner, Kevin T Foley, Robert J Bohinski, Gregory B Lanford, Carol Holden, Richard N W Wohns
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi Panel expert panel consensus and narrative literature review OBJECTIVE.: To obtain expert consensus on best practices for patient selection and perioperative decision making for outpatient anterior cervical surgery (anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR)). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine surgery in ambulatory settings is becoming a preferred option for both patients and providers. The transition from traditional inpatient environments has been enabled by innovation in anesthesia protocols and surgical technique, as well as favorable economics...
October 6, 2016: Spine
Jeremiah T Lowe, Xinning Li, Sydney M Fasulo, Edward J Testa, Andrew Jawa
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are valuable tools for quantifying outcomes of orthopedic surgery. However, when baseline scores are not obtained, there is considerable controversy about whether PROMs can be administered retrospectively for patients to recall their preoperative state. We investigated the accuracy of patient recall after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) assessment score. METHODS: Recalled ASES scores were collected postoperatively at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months from 169 patients who previously completed baseline scores before TSA...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Sara C Keller, Sara E Cosgrove, Yvonne Higgins, Damani A Piggott, Greg Osgood, Paul G Auwaerter
Background.  The use of suppressive antibiotics in treatment of orthopedic hardware infections (OHIs), including spinal hardware infections, prosthetic joint infections, and infections of internal fixation devices, is controversial. Methods.  Over a 4-year period at 2 academic medical centers, patients with OHI who were treated with debridement and retention of hardware components, with single-stage exchange, or without surgery were studied to determine whether use of oral antibiotics for at least 6 months after diagnosis impacts successful treatment of the infection at 1 year after diagnosis...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Vijeta Maheshwari, Mohd Asim Rasheed, Raj Bahadur Singh, Sanjay Choubey, Arindam Sarkar
CONTEXT: Epidural anesthesia is nowadays considered as the gold standard anesthetic technique for lower limb orthopedic surgeries, and the present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of levobupivacaine and ropivacaine in terms of onset, duration of sensory and motor block with duration of postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgeries under epidural anesthesia. AIMS: To compare the efficacy of 15 mL of levobupivacaine 0.5% with that of 15 mL of ropivacaine 0...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni, Geraldo Borges de Morais Filho
BACKGROUND: The fast-track concept refers to all phases of perioperative care: Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative strategies. Although most research has focused on adherence to medication, adherence also encompasses numerous health-related behaviors. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the attitudes and awareness among health professionals involved in the treatment of elderly patients with fractures of the femur and the results of 400 patients. METHODS: The postoperative protocol acceleration was presented to various hospital departments through four seminars...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Xudong Miao, Yongping Wu, Huimin Tao, Disheng Yang, Lu Huang
BACKGROUND: Transfer of a flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon can not only reconstruct the Achilles tendon but also provide ischemic tendinous tissues with a rich blood supply to enhance wound healing. This retrospective study aims to investigate clinical outcomes in patients who underwent repair of Kuwada grade IV chronic Achilles tendon rupture with long hallucis longus tendons harvested using a minimally invasive technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 35 patients who were treated for Kuwada grade IV Achilles tendon injuries from July 2006 to June 2011 were included in this retrospective study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Roberto Seijas, Andrea Sallent, María Galán, Pedro Alvarez-Diaz, Oscar Ares, Ramón Cugat
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is considered a safe procedure, considering the relatively low rate of complications. Despite several complications have been described following this surgical procedure, the present event has not yet been described. The purpose of the present study is to report an unpublished complication following hip arthroscopy, after reviewing 162 hip arthroscopies and finding iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) in the knee during followup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 162 hip arthroscopies performed between September 2007 and June 2011 was carried out, evaluating patients who presented ITBS during followup...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
S E Puchner, R Varga, G M Hobusch, M Kasparek, J Panotopoulos, S Lang, R Windhager, P T Funovics
INTRODUCTION: Adamantinoma (AD) is an ultimately rare, low-grade malignant bone tumor. In most cases it occurs in the tibia of young adults. Osteofibrous dysplasia (OFD) is a rare, benign, lesion that is typically seen in children. Histopathology, ultrastructure, and cytogenetics indicate that these lesions are closely related. Yet, etiology remains a matter of debate. Local recurrence rates are high for both entities as published in literature and long-term outcomes are scarce, due to the rarity of the disease...
October 10, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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