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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644791/culture-and-moral-distress-what-s-the-connection-and-why-does-it-matter
#1
Nancy Berlinger, Annalise Berlinger
Culture is learned behavior shared among members of a group and from generation to generation within that group. In health care work, references to "culture" may also function as code for ethical uncertainty or moral distress concerning patients, families, or populations. This paper analyzes how culture can be a factor in patient-care situations that produce moral distress. It discusses three common, problematic situations in which assumptions about culture may mask more complex problems concerning family dynamics, structural barriers to health care access, or implicit bias...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642990/how-health-humanities-will-save-the-life-of-the-humanities
#2
Craig M Klugman
In the last decade, the humanities have been shrinking in number of students, percent of faculty, and in number of degrees awarded. Humanities students also earn lower salaries than their STEM-prepared peers. At the same time, the health humanities have been in ascendance over the last fifteen years. The number of majors, minors and certificates has increased 266% in that time frame, attracting large numbers of students and preparing future patients, lay caregivers, and health care providers to interact with a complicated and dehumanized medical system...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640752/argumentation-a-methodology-to-facilitate-critical-thinking
#3
Agnes Makhene
Caring is a difficult nursing activity that involves a complex nature of a human being in need of complex decision-making and problem solving through the critical thinking process. It is mandatory that critical thinking is facilitated in general and in nursing education particularly in order to render care in diverse multicultural patient care settings. This paper aims to describe how argumentation can be used to facilitate critical thinking in learners. A qualitative, exploratory and descriptive design that is contextual was used...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639997/parent-education-is-changing-a-review-of-smartphone-apps
#4
Deborah Winders Davis, M Cynthia Logsdon, Krista Vogt, Jeff Rushton, John Myers, Adrian Lauf, Felicia Hogan
PURPOSE: The purpose was to critique existing parenting apps using established criteria and health literacy guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive methodology was used. METHODS: The Apple App Store was searched using the terms parenting, child health, and infant health. To be included, the apps had to have relevant content (parenting, child health, or infant health), be in English, and contain parent education. After eliminating apps that failed to meet inclusion criteria from the original 203 apps, 46 apps were reviewed...
June 20, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639384/nurses-attitudes-towards-older-people-care-an-integrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Kathy L Rush, Stormee Hickey, Sheila Epp, Robert Janke
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To examine hospital nurses' attitudes towards caring for older adults and delineate associated factors contributing to their attitudes. BACKGROUND: Population aging is of international significance. A nursing workforce able to care for the ageing population is critical for ensuring quality older adult care. A synthesis of research related to nurses' attitudes towards older adult care is important for informing care quality and the nursing workforce issues...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639344/intensive-care-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-obese-intensive-care-patients-a-hermeneutic-study
#6
Nastasja Robstad, Ulrika Söderhamn, Liv Fegran
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To obtain a deeper understanding of qualified intensive care nurses' experiences of caring for obese patients in intensive care. BACKGROUND: Admission of obese patients with complex health care needs to intensive care units is increasing. Caring for obese critically ill patients can be challenging and demanding for the intensive care nurse because of the patients' weight, critical situation, and physical challenges. There is a gap in knowledge at present about qualified intensive care nurses' experiences of caring for obese patients in intensive care units...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639095/knowledge-awareness-and-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-korean-american-parents
#7
Sarah Hyun, Seulgi Lee, William R Ventura, Joseph McMenamin
Hepatitis B (HB) affects 240 million people around the world, and children and young adults make up a large proportion of the infected population. Approximately 1 million people die from HB each year. Despite the seriousness of HB and its complications, many are poorly linked to clinical care. A lack of health literacy may be a critical barrier hindering access to HB care for adults as well as children in these populations. We, therefore, performed a survey to assess the level of knowledge of HB among Korean American parents...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638823/comparing-the-effect-of-animal-rearing-education-in-japan-with-conventional-animal-assisted-education
#8
REVIEW
Yuka Nakajima
An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also utilized animals for education. Japanese animal-rearing education is unique regarding the following two points: (1) it takes the form of "education through assisting animals" rather than "animals assisting education" and (2) animal rearing is embedded in formal education...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637613/the-inseparability-of-emotional-and-instrumental-care-in-cancer-towards-a-more-powerful-science-of-clinical-communication
#9
Peter Salmon, Bridget Young
OBJECTIVE: Clinical communication literature currently distinguishes clinicians' emotional care of patients from instrumental aspects of clinical care, and regards clinicians' explicit emotional engagement with patients as the key to emotional care. Here we critically appraise this view. METHODS: We draw on empirical evidence and recent reviews and critiques focusing on cancer care. RESULTS: Patients and families do not generally seek explicit emotional engagement from their practitioners; nor does such engagement consistently improve patient outcomes...
May 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636063/solving-interoperability-in-translational-health-perspectives-of-students-from-the-international-partnership-in-health-informatics-education-iphie-2016-master-class
#10
Anne M Turner, Julio C Facelli, Monique Jaspers, Thomas Wetter, Daniel Pfeifer, Laël Cranmer Gatewood, Terry Adam, Yu-Chuan Li, Ming-Chin Lin, R Scott Evans, Anna Beukenhorst, Hugo Johan Theodoore van Mens, Esmee Tensen, Christian Bock, Laura Fendrich, Peter Seitz, Julian Suleder, Ranyah Aldelkhyyel, Kent Bridgeman, Zhen Hu, Aaron Sattler, Shin-Yi Guo, Islam Md Mohaimenul Mohaimenul, Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum, Hsin-Ru Tung, Jiantano Bian, Joseph M Plasek, Casey Rommel, Juandalyn Burke, Harkirat Sohih
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2016 an international group of biomedical and health informatics faculty and graduate students gathered for the 16th meeting of the International Partnership in Health Informatics Education (IPHIE) masterclass at the University of Utah campus in Salt Lake City, Utah. This international biomedical and health informatics workshop was created to share knowledge and explore issues in biomedical health informatics (BHI). OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper is to summarize the discussions of biomedical and health informatics graduate students who were asked to define interoperability, and make critical observations to gather insight on how to improve biomedical education...
June 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#11
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630519/strategies-for-improving-learner-metacognition-in-health-professional-education
#12
REVIEW
Melissa S Medina, Ashley N Castleberry, Adam M Persky
Metacognition is an essential skill in critical thinking and self-regulated, lifelong learning. It is important for learners to have skills in metacognition because they are used to monitor and regulate reasoning, comprehension, and problem-solving, which are fundamental components/outcomes of pharmacy curricula. Instructors can help learners develop metacognitive skills within the classroom and experiential setting by carefully designing learning activities within courses and the curriculum. These skills are developed through intentional questioning, modeling techniques, and reflection...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630370/evidence-for-therapeutic-patient-education-interventions-to-promote-cardiovascular-patient-self-management-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
REVIEW
Susan Barnason, Connie White-Williams, Laura P Rossi, Mae Centeno, Deborah L Crabbe, Kyoung Suk Lee, Nancy McCabe, Julie Nauser, Paula Schulz, Kelly Stamp, Kathryn Wood
BACKGROUND: The burden of cardiovascular disease as a chronic illness increasingly requires patients to assume more responsibility for their self-management. Patient education is believed to be an essential component of cardiovascular care; however, there is limited evidence about specific therapeutic patient education approaches used and the impact on patient self-management outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: An integrative review of the literature was conducted to critically analyze published research studies of therapeutic patient education for self-management in selected cardiovascular conditions...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625946/educational-needs-of-epileptologists-regarding-psychiatric-comorbidities-of-the-epilepsies-a-descriptive-quantitative-survey
#14
Marco Mula, Esper Cavalheiro, Alla Guekht, Andres M Kanner, Hyang Woon Lee, Cigdem Ozkara, Alfredo Thomson, Sarah J Wilson
Psychiatric disorders are relatively frequent comorbidities in epilepsy and they have an impact on morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. This is a report from the Task Force on Education of the ILAE Commission on Neuropsychiatry based on a survey about educational needs of epileptologists regarding management of the psychiatric comorbidities of epilepsy. The Task Force designed a quantitative questionnaire to survey the self-perceived confidence of child and adult epileptologists and psychiatrists in managing major psychiatric comorbidities of epilepsy to identify: (1) critical areas of improvement from a list of skills that are usually considered necessary for effective management of these conditions, and (2) the preferred educational format for improving these skills...
June 19, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625495/assessing-the-effect-of-an-intensive-2-week-surgical-training-and-innovation-program-for-high-school-students
#15
Brian Labadie, Roshan M Patel, Jessica Gandy Labadie, Christina Hwang, Zhamshid Okhunov, Jaime Landman
OBJECTIVE: The summer surgery program (SSP) was founded in 2012 as an educational program for students at the critical juncture between high school and college to engender interest in medicine, science, and innovation. This program has a distinct emphasis on innovation and problem solving based on real-life operative challenges identified by students during surgical observation in the operating room. The effect of the SSP regarding postsecondary education and career goals was evaluated by participants using a follow-up questionnaire...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622739/impact-of-a-collaborative-strategy-to-reduce-the-inappropriate-use-of-acid-suppressive-therapy-in-non-intensive-care-unit-patients
#16
Kristen D Belfield, Arpi G Kuyumjian, Rafael Teran, Mariette Amadi, Melissa Blatt, Keri Bicking
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is inappropriately prescribed in more than 30% of non-intensive care unit (ICU) patients, leading to unnecessary adverse events as well as increases in economic burden. OBJECTIVE: There was an increasing trend in the prophylactic use of acid suppressive therapy (AST) in non-critically ill patients at our institution, which prompted this initiative aimed at reducing the inappropriate use of AST in non-ICU patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional study that consisted of formulation of a guideline, education to the hospitalist service, and intervention by clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622214/acute-care-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants-in-critical-care-transforming-education-and-practice
#17
W Robert Grabenkort, Heather H Meissen, Sara R Gregg, Craig M Coopersmith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622155/triad-ix-can-a-patient-testimonial-safely-help-ensure-prehospital-appropriate-critical-versus-end-of-life-care
#18
Ferdinando Mirarchi, Christopher Cammarata, Timothy E Cooney, Kristin Juhasz, Stanley A Terman
OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to assess the clarity of Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) or Living Will (LW) documents alone or in combination with a video message/testimonial (VM). METHODS: Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel responded to survey questions about the meaning of stand-alone POLST and LW documents and those used in conjunction with emergent care scenarios. Personnel were randomized to receive documents only or documents with VM...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619782/what-stage-are-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-at-with-patient-safety-curriculum-implementation-and-what-are-the-barriers-to-implementation-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#19
Liane R Ginsburg, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Liam J Donaldson
OBJECTIVES: The improvement of safety in healthcare worldwide depends in part on the knowledge, skills and attitudes of staff providing care. Greater patient safety content in health professional education and training programmes has been advocated internationally. While WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guides (for Medical Schools and Multi-Professional Curricula) have been widely disseminated in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) over the last several years, little is known about patient safety curriculum implementation beyond high-income countries...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617011/the-long-road-from-policy-to-practice
#20
Patricia B Nemec, Michelle G Mullen
TOPIC: As behavioral health care policies evolve, based on shifting paradigms and a developing base of evidence, day-to-day practices at the direct service level must change. Workforce development initiatives are a critical component to effect such change yet may be overlooked, underfunded, or implemented in ways that are ineffective. PURPOSE: This article highlights considerations for training focused on policy, for training issues relevant across recent policy initiatives, and components of effective workforce development initiatives...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
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