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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319429/current-standards-and-new-developments-of-colorectal-polyp-management-and-resection-techniques
#1
Daniel von Renteln, Mickael Bouin, Alan N Barkun
Colonoscopy and endoscopic removal of precancerous polyps play an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention. Improved endoscopes and quality standards have led to an increasing polyp and adenoma detection rate. Optimal polyp resection techniques and management strategies are key for an effective colonoscopy practice. Areas covered: Strategies for how to improve diminutive polyp (polyps up to 5mm in size) management are discussed because of their high prevalence. Systematic removal of diminutive polyps leads to increasing costs of colonoscopy practice, while the effect on colorectal cancer prevention might be negligible...
March 20, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317624/cap-assisted-colonoscopy-increases-detection-of-advanced-adenomas-and-polyps
#2
Mohamed O Othman, Daniel Zhang, Sherif Elhanafi, Mohamed Eloliby, Brian Davis, Richard Guererro, Luis Alvarado, Linda Sanchez, Alok Dwivedi, Marc J Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: Cap-assisted colonoscopy (CAC) has been reported to increase the adenoma detection rate (ADR) in Asian population. However, CAC trials in non-Asian population have had conflicting results. Studies in North America have shown an improvement in ADRs with the use of CAC, but it mainly included white and African American patients. Given the lack of prospective studies of CAC in Hispanics, we conducted this randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial comparing CAC with standard colonoscopy (SC) in patients undergoing screening or surveillance colonoscopy...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302173/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-from-chronic-sacrococcygeal-pilonidal-disease-a-case-report
#3
Nick Michalopoulos, Konstantinos Sapalidis, Styliani Laskou, Evangelia Triantafyllou, Georgia Raptou, Isaak Kesisoglou
BACKGROUND: Sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease is a chronic, well-recognized entity, characterized by the recurrent formation of an abscess or draining sinus over the sacrococcygeal area. It is one of the most common surgical problems. Rarely, chronic inflammation and recurrent disease leads to malignant transformation, most commonly to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an extremely unusual case of SCC developing in a 60-year-old patient with a chronic pilonidal sinus complicated by an anal fistula...
March 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288653/inflammatory-bowel-disease-following-anti-interleukin-1-treatment-in-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Boris Hügle, Fabian Speth, Johannes-Peter Haas
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease can develop in the context of some rheumatic diseases in childhood, including juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is frequently associated with other immune-mediated diseases; however, systemic onset JIA (sJIA) has not previously been connected to IBD. Treatment of sJIA has significantly changed in recent years, possibly causing changes in inflammatory patterns. Therefore, data from the German Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Rheumtology from 2010 until 2015 were analyzed by retrospective chart review...
March 14, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286937/early-versus-late-bedside-endoscopy-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-critically-ill-patients
#5
Jee Hyun Kim, Ji Hye Kim, Jaeyoung Chun, Changhyun Lee, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
Background/Aims: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a life-threatening complication in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of bedside endoscopy in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting, and to compare the outcomes of early endoscopy (within 24 hours of detecting GI bleeding) with late endoscopy (after 24 hours). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent bedside endoscopy for nonvariceal upper GI bleeding and lower GI bleeding that occurred after ICU admission at Seoul National University Hospital from January 2010 to May 2015...
March 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278439/a-case-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-a-bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-diagnosed-pre-operatively-by-double-balloon-endoscopy
#6
Toshio Shiraishi, Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Kouki Wakata, Masaki Kunizaki, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yorihisa Sumida, Shigekazu Hidaka, Naoe Kinoshita, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi Nagayasu
INTRODUCTION:  Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a congenital true diverticulum that is residual yolk duct tissue, and some cases with complications require surgery. It has been reported that laparoscopic surgery is effective for patients with an MD. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 79-year-old man with melena visited our hospital. Upper gastrointestinal series and colonoscopy showed no bleeding lesion. Double-balloon endoscopy was then performed to examine the small intestine...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270880/colonic-endometriosis-dig-deeper-for-diagnosis
#7
Kanthi Rekha Badipatla, Anisha Vupputuri, Masooma Niazi, Marie-Nirva Blaise, Suresh Kumar Nayudu
Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition wherein there is an ectopic implantation of the uterine endometrial tissue. While several diagnostic modalities are described for the condition, laparoscopy remains the gold standard. There is still an undiscovered area to diagnose colonic endometriosis at an earlier stage. We present a case report of a reproductive age woman with cyclical rectal bleeding diagnosed with colonic endometriosis with colonoscopy and biopsy using saline injection lift and sampling technique...
February 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260712/a-case-of-turner-syndrome-46xxp-45x-complicated-with-crohn-s-disease-after-hormone-therapy
#8
Yutaro Ihara, Kazuoki Hizawa, Kouhei Fujita, Masahiro Iida, Ema Washio, Takahiro Kai, Tomoki Nitahata, Motohiro Esaki, Mitsuo Iida
A 19-year-old woman, who had been receiving hormone replacement therapy for 13 months before the diagnosis of mosaic Turner syndrome (46XXp-/45X), developed Crohn's colitis and erythema nodosum of the lower legs. Colonoscopy revealed an anal fistula and the presence of deep longitudinal ulcers with cobblestoning in the colorectum. Therapy with prednisolone and adalimumab was effective for the intestinal and skin lesions. To date, all seven case reports of Turner syndrome in Japan have also developed Crohn's disease after hormone therapy, suggesting a possible association of sex hormones in the pathogenesis...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255493/treatment-of-complete-anal-stricture-after-diverting-colostomy-for-fournier-s-gangrene
#9
Kenji Okumura, Tadao Kubota, Kazuhiro Nishida, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Ken Mizokami
Background. Anal stenosis is a rare but serious complication of anorectal surgery. Severe anal stenosis is a challenging condition. Case Presentation. A 70-year-old Japanese man presented with a ten-hour history of continuous anal pain due to incarcerated hemorrhoids. He had a history of reducible internal hemorrhoids and was followed for 10 years. He had a fever and nonreducible internal hemorrhoids surrounding necrotic soft tissues. He was diagnosed as Fournier's gangrene and treated with debridement and diverting colostomy...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239082/minimal-resection-of-jejuna-dieulafoy-s-lesion-using-an-intraoperative-fluoroscopic-localization-of-the-metallic-coils-used-in-angiography
#10
Kwang Il Seo, Won Moon, Cheon Woo Lee, Seun Ja Park, Moo In Park, Seung Eun Kim, Jae Hyun Kim, Ki Young Yoon, Hee Kyung Chang
Dieulafoy's lesions of the Jejunum are extremely rare. Therefore, localization of lesions is very difficult due to their small size and tendency of occasional bleeding. However, it is important to mention the location of the Dieulafoy's lesions to prevent excessive intestinal resections or, even worse, resection of the normal intestine. We report a case of preoperative localization of a Dieulafoy's lesion embolized by a metallic coil that allows a surgeon to accurately identify the bleeding, permitting a minimally invasive surgical treatment...
February 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236723/colorectal-cancer-screening-systematic-review-of-screen-related-morbidity-and-mortality
#11
REVIEW
N C A Vermeer, H S Snijders, F A Holman, G J Liefers, E Bastiaannet, C J H van de Velde, K C M J Peeters
BACKGROUND: Implementation of mass colorectal cancer screening, using faecal occult blood test or colonoscopy, is recommended by the European Union in order to increase cancer-specific survival by diagnosing disease in an earlier stage. Post-colonoscopy complications have been addressed by previous systematic reviews, but morbidity of colorectal cancer screening on multiple levels has never been evaluated before. AIM: To evaluate potential harm as a result of mass colorectal cancer screening in terms of complications after colonoscopy, morbidity and mortality following surgery, psychological distress and inappropriate use of the screening test...
March 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219066/intraoperative-identification-of-colonic-tumor-sites-using-a-near-infrared-fluorescence-endoscopic-imaging-system-and-indocyanine-green
#12
Makoto Watanabe, Masahiko Murakami, Yoshiaki Ozawa, Sota Yoshizawa, Nobuaki Matsui, Takeshi Aoki
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of the PINPOINT® Endoscopic Fluorescence Imaging System (PINPOINT) for intraoperative identification of colonic tumor sites during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with colorectal cancer were prospectively enrolled. Preoperatively, 0.5 mL of indocyanine green (ICG; 2.5 mg/mL) was injected into the submucosal space only at the distal side of the tumor under colonoscopy...
February 21, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214970/optimal-bowel-cleansing-for-colonoscopy-in-the-elderly-patient
#13
Samuel B Ho, Rita Hovsepians, Samir Gupta
Colonoscopy is an important diagnostic and screening tool for colorectal cancer detection and prevention, and adequate bowel preparation is critical for successful colonoscopy. Complications related to colonoscopy, either directly or indirectly related to the procedure, are increased in elderly patients, and the risks and benefits of colonoscopy procedures need to be carefully considered in these patients. Recent studies have shown that 4 L polyethylene glycol with a split preparation is safe and effective for elderly patients, and is the preferred preparation for patients with medical comorbidities...
March 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209102/diverticulitis-in-the-young-population%C3%A2-reconsidering-conventional-recommendations
#14
U Syed, R Companioni, R Bansal, H Alkhawam, A Walfish
BACKGROUND: In the past diverticulitis was believed to be uncommon in the young population. However, there is growing concern suggesting that these patients develop more severe clinical symptoms and may require more frequent intervention. METHOD: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with diverticulitis in individuals with age less than 40 years over an 8 year period (2007-2015). Diagnosis was confirmed with a CT scan. In addition to age we took into consideration race, gender, anemia (hematocrit< 41), leukocytosis (WBC > 12), BMI and whether it was an initial episode or recurrence...
July 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207504/unusual-presentation-of-direct-intraperitoneal-metastases-complicated-with-massive-ascites-from-plasmacytoid-variant-of-bladder-cancer-and-adenocarcinoma-of-colon-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Yu-Hua Shao, Chien-Chang Kao, Shou-Hung Tang, Tai-Lung Cha, Chih-Wei Tsao, En Meng, Dah-Shyong Yu, Guang-Huan Sun, Sheng-Tang Wu
BACKGROUND: Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) is a distinct variant of urinary bladder cancer, with a high propensity for invasion and poor prognosis. These tumors occur most commonly in male patients with the age of reported cases ranging from 46 to 87 years. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 74-year-old male patient having massive ascites and bilateral lower leg edema. Colonoscopy showed a 3-cm lesion in the sigmoid colon and an edematous nonpapillary tumor was found by cystoscopy in the bladder...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196424/pyogenic-granuloma-in-the-jejunum-successfully-removed-by-single-balloon-enteroscopy
#16
Cristina Romero Mascarell, Juan Carlos García Pagán, Isis Karina Araujo, Josep Llach, Begoña González-Suárez
Pyogenic granuloma is a non-infectious and non-granulomatous lesion. Its location in the small bowel is very rare. We present a 46 year-old woman with a chronic liver disorder that had a severe chronic anemia with occult blood losses. Upper endoscopy and colonoscopy were normal. A small bowel capsule endoscopy showed a pyogenic granuloma in jejunum that was resected endoscopically with single balloon enteroscopy with no major complications. The patient recovered from anemia and six months latter capsule endoscopy did not show lesions...
February 15, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184237/laparoscopic-vs-open-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-iatrogenic-colonoscopic-perforations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Nicola de'Angelis, Francesco Brunetti, Yann Le Baleur, Carmen Payá-Llorente, Riccardo Memeo, Federica Gaiani, Marco Manfredi, Paschalis Gavriilidis, Giorgio Nervi, Federico Coccolini, Aurelien Amiot, Iradj Sobhani, Fausto Catena, Gian Luigi de'Angelis
AIMS: Iatrogenic colonoscopy perforations (ICP) are a rare but severe complication of diagnostic and therapeutic colonoscopies. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aims to investigate the operative and post-operative outcomes of laparoscopy vs. open surgery performed for the management of ICP. METHODS: A literature search was carried out on Medline, EMBASE, and Scopus databases from January 1990 to June 2016. Clinical studies comparing the outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgical procedures for the treatment for ICP were retrieved and analyzed...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175059/p277-comparative-accuracy-of-us-versus-mri-and-colonoscopy-in-assessing-disease-activity-and-complications-and-influencing-the-decision-making-process-in-crohn-s-disease
#18
M Allocca, G Fiorino, C Bonifacio, F Furfaro, S Radice, D Gilardi, L Peyrin-Biroulet, S Danese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174187/duodenocolic-fistula-diagnosed-by-endoscopy-a-rare-complication-of-colon-cancer
#19
Aeden Bernice G Timbol, Vanessa Charlene O Co, Angela V Djajakusuma, Virgilio P Banez
Duodenocolic fistula (DCF) is a rare complication of colon cancer with only 70 cases reported since its first description in 1862. Owing to its rarity, current knowledge on DCF still relies on single case reports. We present 2 cases of DCF from a hepatic flexure adenocarcinoma demonstrated initially by endoscopy. 2 adult male patients were admitted due to a 2-3-month history of right-upper quadrant pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and a palpable right upper quadrant mass. In both cases, a circumferential, friable mass was noted on upper endoscopy at the second portion of the duodenum, leading to the ascending colon...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173768/-bowel-prep-hyponatremia-a-state-of-acute-water-intoxication-facilitated-by-low-dietary-solute-intake-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Martin Windpessl, Christoph Schwarz, Manfred Wallner
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic hyponatremia is considered a rare complication of oral bowel preparation for colonoscopy. The pathophysiology underlying this phenomenon has been widely regarded as a mere sequela of excessive arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. CASE PRESENTATION: This case describes a 61-year old woman who developed acute hyponatremic encephalopathy when preparing for elective outpatient lower endoscopy. She had had negligible oral solute intake for two days and ingested four liters of clear fluid within two hours...
February 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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