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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645954/assessing-the-impact-of-colonoscopy-complications-on-use-of-colonoscopy-among-primary-care-physicians-and-other-connected-physicians-an-observational-study-of-older-americans
#1
Nancy L Keating, A James O'Malley, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, Bruce E Landon
OBJECTIVES: Psychological biases can distort treatment decision-making. The availability heuristic is one such bias, wherein events that are recent, vivid or easily imagined are readily 'available' to memory and are therefore judged more likely to occur than expected based on epidemiological data. We assessed if the occurrence of a serious colonoscopy complication for a primary care physician's patient influenced colonoscopy rates for the physician's other patients. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with time-varying exposure variables...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643312/-comparison-of-short-term-outcomes-of-transrectal-specimen-extraction-during-laparoscopic-sigmoid-radical-resection-versus-conventional-laparoscopically-assisted-procedure
#2
Junjie Xing, Chenxin Zhang, Xiaohong Yang, Hao Wang, Hantao Wang, Enda Yu, Chuangang Fu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term outcomes between transrectal specimen extraction during laparoscopic sigmoid radical resection and conventional laparoscopy-assisted sigmoid radical resection. METHODS: Sixteen patients(transrectal specimen extraction group,4 females and 12 males), who were planned to undergo laparoscopically assisted sigmoid radical resection with BMI<28 kg/m(2) and were evaluated as T1-T3 tumor by iconography without distant metastasis, were selected to undergo transrectal specimen extraction during laparoscopic sigmoid radical resection from December 2015 to April 2016 in the Department of Anorectal Surgery of Changhai Hospital...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631454/quality-of-recovery-after-gastroscopy-colonoscopy-or-both-endoscopic-procedures-an-observational-pilot-study
#3
Aiden M Brumby, Johan Heiberg, Cindy Te, Colin F Royse
BACKGROUND: Gastroscopy and colonoscopy are procedures with low complication rates and patients are usually discharged few hours after the procedures. Nevertheless, postoperative cognitive decline is a common condition, is often missed, and can potentially affect patients' ability to drive and undertake other daily living activities. The primary aim was to assess the incidence of failure to recover at Day 1 after either colonoscopy, gastroscopy, or both procedures combined. METHODS: In an observational pilot study, participants of 18 years or above undergoing endoscopy procedures, including colonoscopy (reference group), gastroscopy, or both, were included...
June 14, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626372/acute-appendicitis-caused-by-previous-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-an-adenoma-adjacent-to-the-appendiceal-orifice
#4
Ryo Kato, Keita Harada, Kei Harada, Daisuke Takei, Yuusaku Sugihara, Shiho Takashima, Toshihiro Inokuchi, Masahiro Takahara, Sakiko Hiraoka, Yasushi Omura, Wakako Oda, Hiroyuki Okada
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a groundbreaking treatment for tumors adjacent to the appendiceal orifice that are difficult to remove by conventional endoscopic mucosal resection, and successful cases are increasingly reported. However, little is known about the subsequent complications, especially long-term complications. A female in her early 70s with a 15-mm cecal tumor adjacent to the appendiceal orifice - discovered incidentally during a screening colonoscopy - underwent hybrid ESD of the lesion...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619975/antibiotic-associated-haemorrhagic-colitis-not-always-clostridium-difficile
#5
Olalekan Akanbi, Nasir Saleem, Mohanad Soliman, Bibek Singh Pannu
Antibiotic-associated colitis is a gastrointestinal complication of antibiotic use commonly seen in hospitalised patients, with Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) colitis being the most common type. We present a case of haemorrhagic colitis secondary to Klebsiella oxytoca following self-initiated amoxicillin-clavulanic acid use. An 85-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and mucobloody diarrhoea. History was notable for an ongoing 5-day course of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid use...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617760/nonisolated-small-bowel-gastrointestinal-angiodysplasias-are-associated-with-higher-rebleeding-rates-when-compared-with-isolated-small-bowel-gastrointestinal-angiodysplasia-on-video-capsule-endoscopy
#6
Stephanie H Mai, Daniel C Chao, Shu-Yi Liao, Christian S Jackson
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal angiodysplasias (GIAD) are commonly diagnosed in the small bowel but can be located in other areas of the gastrointestinal tract. About half of patients diagnosed with GIAD have more than 1 lesion and 20% of patients have GIAD in both the small bowel and a source outside of the small bowel (nonisolated to small bowel GIAD or NISGIAD). The remaining patients with GIAD have lesions isolated to the small bowel (ISGIAD). Complications including rebleeding, hospitalization and mortality rates have not been previously analyzed between these 2 groups...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616605/splenic-laceration-after-routine-colonoscopy-a-case-report-of-a-rare-iatrogenic-complication
#7
Shuo Li, Nishant Gupta, Yogesh Kumar, Frank Mele
Colonoscopy is a common and routine procedure performed in the United States, most commonly performed for screening of colorectal cancer. Although colonoscopy is considered a safe procedure, it is associated with complications including intestinal hemorrhage and perforation. Splenic trauma, such as laceration or even complete rupture is a rarely reported, but potentially fatal complication if undetected. We present a case of splenic laceration with subcapsular hematoma status post routine colonoscopy. Fortunately, patient was able to be managed medically, without further operative intervention...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614081/spontaneous-fungal-peritonitis-a-rare-but-severe-complication-of-liver-cirrhosis
#8
Marta Gravito-Soares, Elisa Gravito-Soares, Sandra Lopes, Graça Ribeiro, Pedro Figueiredo
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is the most common infectious complication in cirrhosis. Spontaneous fungal peritonitis is rare and remains unknown. In this work, spontaneous fungal peritonitis as well as risk factors and prognosis are characterized. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 253 consecutive admissions by peritonitis in cirrhotic patients was carried out between 2006 and 2015. Comparison of patients with spontaneous fungal peritonitis (cases) and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis with positive microbiologic ascitic fluid culture (controls) was performed...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611570/development-and-improvement-of-simple-colonic-mucosal-ulcer-during-treatment-of-severe-ulcerative-colitis-with-tacrolimus
#9
Ayumi Ito, Bunei Iizuka, Teppei Omori, Shinichi Nakamura, Katsutoshi Tokushige
Diarrhea, melena, and lower abdominal pain developed in a male in his 20s and colonoscopy showed pancolitis-type severe ulcerative colitis (UC). Treatment was initiated with 4,000 mg of 5-aminosalicylic acid and 60 mg/day of prednisolone, but the symptoms and inflammatory reaction worsened with prednisolone dose reduction. Tacrolimus was added to the treatment, which subsequently induced remission. Serial colonoscopies during the treatment showed improvement in ulcer and mucosal edema throughout the entire large intestine, but a new solitary round ulcer appeared at the end of the ileum...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611565/shock-due-to-splenic-injury-after-colonoscopy
#10
Erol G Nallayici, Reinier de Groot, René A A van Zanten, Martijn F Lutke Holzik
Colonoscopy is a common and increasingly performed procedure. It is used both as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality. Splenic injury after colonoscopy is a rare, yet life-threatening complication, most often caused by traction on the splenocolic ligament or excessive manipulation during the procedure. Although non-operative treatment is preferred upon splenic injury, early surgical or radiological intervention may be necessary in specific cases, for example in case of haemodynamic instability. A 71-year-old Caucasian man was referred to our emergency room due to shock after colonoscopy 2 days earlier...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611336/safety-of-non-anesthesia-provider-administered-propofol-sedation-in-non-advanced-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Basavana Gouda, Gowri Gouda, Anuradha Borle, Akash Singh, Ashish Sinha, Preet M Singh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of non-anesthesia provider (NAPP) administered propofol sedation in patients undergoing non-advanced gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched for prospective observational trials involving non-advanced endoscopic procedures. From a total of 608 publications, 25 [colonoscopy (9), upper GI endoscopy (5), and combined procedures (11)] were identified to meet inclusion criteria and were analyzed...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598298/efficacy-of-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-in-complicated-crohn-s-disease
#12
Qingfan Yang, Xiang Gao, Huiping Chen, Miao Li, Xiaojian Wu, Min Zhi, Ping Lan, Pinjin Hu
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) in induction of remission in adult active Crohn's disease (CD) complicated with intestinal fistula/abdominal abscess or inflammatory intestinal stricture. METHOD: Patients diagnosed with active CD with complications were recruited between July 2013 and July 2015. Patients were offered EEN for 12 weeks. Patients with abscess received antibiotic treatment with or without percutaneous drainage. Clinical variables were recorded (ClinicalTrials...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597933/death-due-to-a-rare-complication-of-colonoscopy-and-the-potential-medicolegal-implications
#13
Katrina Thompson, Michael A Stier
A 64-year-old woman was found dead at home after undergoing a screening colonoscopy. At autopsy, 1.9 L of blood was discovered within her abdominal cavity. The only major abnormality was nontraumatic avulsion of the splenic capsule. This was the only identifiable abnormality capable of causing the severe hemoperitoneum and demise of the patient. Although rare, splenic capsule avulsion is a recognized complication of colonoscopy. Many have theorized that it results from excessive traction on the splenocolic ligament resulting in a tear of the splenic capsule...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589184/a-new-approach-in-bowel-preparation-before-colonoscopy-in-patients-with-constipation-a-prospective-randomized-investigator-blinded-trial
#14
Murat Yıldar, İsmail Yaman, Murat Başbuğ, Faruk Çavdar, Hasan Topfedaisi, Hayrullah Derici
OBJECTIVE: Enema administration in the morning of routine colonoscopy is known to be useless. However, the potential bowel cleansing effects of distal colon emptying with enema prior to purgatives are not known. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of enema use before purgatives in preparation for colonoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-seven patients were randomly assigned into three groups; enema before purgative use, enema after purgative use, and no enema...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588770/radiation-associated-colon-cancer-a-case-report
#15
Kazuhito Sasaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Hiroaki Nozawa, Kazushige Kawai, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Manabu Kaneko, Koji Murono, Hiroyuki Abe, Teppei Morikawa, Toshiaki Watanabe
Radiation-associated colon cancer is a rare clinical entity. We herein describe the case of a patient with radiation-associated colon cancer who had undergone low anterior resection for rectal cancer following preoperative radiotherapy. Certain characteristics of radiation-associated colon cancer are highlighted. The patient was a 48-year-old man who had undergone low anterior resection for rectal cancer following preoperative radiotherapy at a total dose of 50 Gy, at the age of 29 years. When the patient presented at the University of Tokyo Hospital, 19 years after the surgery, he complained of severe anal pain and frequent defecation...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587708/complication-rates-in-colonoscopy-screening-for-cancer
#16
Nadine Zwink, Bernd Holleczek, Christa Stegmaier, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: Screening colonoscopy has been offered in Germany since 2002. Complications during colonoscopy were reported to be rare, but data on potential complications after colonoscopy are sparse. We aimed to comprehensively assess the frequency of complications arising during or within four weeks of screening colonoscopy. METHODS: Residents of the German federal state of Saarland without a history of colorectal cancer and without previous polypectomy who underwent a screening colonoscopy between 2010 and 2013 were included...
May 5, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584623/laparoscopic-repair-of-a-migrated-adjustable-gastric-band-connecting-tube-with-colonic-erosion
#17
Amarvir Bilkhu, Hannah Harvey, Justin B Davies, Mark A Steward, James C Halstead
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands are a popular and effective surgical option to treat morbid obesity. The overall complication rate is 10-20% and the most common complication is of 'slippage'. Although other complications such as gastric band migration and erosion have been reported, the phenomenon of a migrated gastric band connecting tube eroding into the colon (after port removal) is seldom reported in the literature. In this article we describe such a case of an incidentally found colonic erosion on colonoscopy and describe the subsequent laparoscopic repair, as well as a review of the literature...
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580350/colon-perforation-due-to-embolization-coil-for-internal-iliac-aneurysm
#18
Ho Kyun Lee, Hong Sung Jung, Sang Young Chung, Soo Jin Na Choi
Coil migration is an extremely rare but hazardous complication of aneurysmal coil embolization. Only 1 case report has described coil migration following endovascular exclusion to gastrointestinal (GI) tract. We report the experience of a case of colon penetration caused by embolization coil placed for internal iliac aneurysm. A 66-year-old man visited the Emergency Department for hematochezia that had persisted for 3 months. Stent insertion and coil embolization of left internal iliac artery aneurysm had been performed on the patient 18 months ago...
June 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579761/barriers-and-facilitators-associated-with-colonoscopy-completion-in-individuals-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-a-qualitative-study
#19
Shahnaz Sultan, Melissa R Partin, Phalgoon Shah, Jennifer LeLaurin, Ivette Magaly Freytes, Chandylen L Nightingale, Susan F Fesperman, Barbara A Curbow, Rebecca J Beyth
BACKGROUND: A recommendation to undergo a colonoscopy, an invasive procedure that requires commitment and motivation, planning (scheduling and finding a driver) and preparation (diet restriction and laxative consumption), may be uniquely challenging for individuals with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs). This qualitative study aimed to describe the barriers and facilitators to colonoscopy experienced by such patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semistructured focus groups were conducted with male Veterans who were scheduled for outpatient colonoscopy and either failed to complete the procedure or completed the examination...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573174/optimal-intake-of-clear-liquids-during-preparation-for-afternoon-colonoscopy-with-low-volume-polyethylene-glycol-plus-ascorbic-acid
#20
Masahiro Tajika, Tsutomu Tanaka, Makoto Ishihara, Yutaka Hirayama, Sachiyo Oonishi, Nobumasa Mizuno, Kazuo Hara, Susumu Hijioka, Hiroshi Imaoka, Toshihisa Fujiyoshi, Nobuhiro Hieda, Nozomi Okuno, Tsukasa Yoshida, Kenji Yamao, Vikram Bhatia, Masahiko Ando, Yasumasa Niwa
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : The standard colonoscopy preparation regimen in Japan for afternoon procedures is sequential intake of 1 L of polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution containing ascorbic acid (PEG-ASC), 0.5 L of clear liquid, 0.5 L of PEG-ASC, and finally 0.25 L of clear fluids (all at a rate of 0.25 L every 15 min). However, this regimen seems poorly tolerated and complicated for many patients compared to previous regimen of polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
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