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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214970/optimal-bowel-cleansing-for-colonoscopy-in-the-elderly-patient
#1
Samuel B Ho, Rita Hovsepians, Samir Gupta
Colonoscopy is an important diagnostic and screening tool for colorectal cancer detection and prevention, and adequate bowel preparation is critical for successful colonoscopy. Complications related to colonoscopy, either directly or indirectly related to the procedure, are increased in elderly patients, and the risks and benefits of colonoscopy procedures need to be carefully considered in these patients. Recent studies have shown that 4 L polyethylene glycol with a split preparation is safe and effective for elderly patients, and is the preferred preparation for patients with medical comorbidities...
February 18, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209102/diverticulitis-in-the-young-population%C3%A2-reconsidering-conventional-recommendations
#2
U Syed, R Companioni, R Bansal, H Alkhawam, A Walfish
BACKGROUND: In the past diverticulitis was believed to be uncommon in the young population. However, there is growing concern suggesting that these patients develop more severe clinical symptoms and may require more frequent intervention. METHOD: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with diverticulitis in individuals with age less than 40 years over an 8 year period (2007-2015). Diagnosis was confirmed with a CT scan. In addition to age we took into consideration race, gender, anemia (hematocrit< 41), leukocytosis (WBC > 12), BMI and whether it was an initial episode or recurrence...
July 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207504/unusual-presentation-of-direct-intraperitoneal-metastases-complicated-with-massive-ascites-from-plasmacytoid-variant-of-bladder-cancer-and-adenocarcinoma-of-colon-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Yu-Hua Shao, Chien-Chang Kao, Shou-Hung Tang, Tai-Lung Cha, Chih-Wei Tsao, En Meng, Dah-Shyong Yu, Guang-Huan Sun, Sheng-Tang Wu
BACKGROUND: Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) is a distinct variant of urinary bladder cancer, with a high propensity for invasion and poor prognosis. These tumors occur most commonly in male patients with the age of reported cases ranging from 46 to 87 years. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 74-year-old male patient having massive ascites and bilateral lower leg edema. Colonoscopy showed a 3-cm lesion in the sigmoid colon and an edematous nonpapillary tumor was found by cystoscopy in the bladder...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196424/pyogenic-granuloma-in-the-jejunum-successfully-removed-by-single-balloon-enteroscopy
#4
Cristina Romero Mascarell, Juan Carlos García Pagán, Isis Karina Araujo, Josep Llach, Begoña González-Suárez
Pyogenic granuloma is a non-infectious and non-granulomatous lesion. Its location in the small bowel is very rare. We present a 46 year-old woman with a chronic liver disorder that had a severe chronic anemia with occult blood losses. Upper endoscopy and colonoscopy were normal. A small bowel capsule endoscopy showed a pyogenic granuloma in jejunum that was resected endoscopically with single balloon enteroscopy with no major complications. The patient recovered from anemia and six months latter capsule endoscopy did not show lesions...
February 15, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184237/laparoscopic-vs-open-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-iatrogenic-colonoscopic-perforations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Nicola de'Angelis, Francesco Brunetti, Yann Le Baleur, Carmen Payá-Llorente, Riccardo Memeo, Federica Gaiani, Marco Manfredi, Paschalis Gavriilidis, Giorgio Nervi, Federico Coccolini, Aurelien Amiot, Iradj Sobhani, Fausto Catena, Gian Luigi de'Angelis
AIMS: Iatrogenic colonoscopy perforations (ICP) are a rare but severe complication of diagnostic and therapeutic colonoscopies. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aims to investigate the operative and post-operative outcomes of laparoscopy vs. open surgery performed for the management of ICP. METHODS: A literature search was carried out on Medline, EMBASE, and Scopus databases from January 1990 to June 2016. Clinical studies comparing the outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgical procedures for the treatment for ICP were retrieved and analyzed...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175059/p277-comparative-accuracy-of-us-versus-mri-and-colonoscopy-in-assessing-disease-activity-and-complications-and-influencing-the-decision-making-process-in-crohn-s-disease
#6
M Allocca, G Fiorino, C Bonifacio, F Furfaro, S Radice, D Gilardi, L Peyrin-Biroulet, S Danese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174187/duodenocolic-fistula-diagnosed-by-endoscopy-a-rare-complication-of-colon-cancer
#7
Aeden Bernice G Timbol, Vanessa Charlene O Co, Angela V Djajakusuma, Virgilio P Banez
Duodenocolic fistula (DCF) is a rare complication of colon cancer with only 70 cases reported since its first description in 1862. Owing to its rarity, current knowledge on DCF still relies on single case reports. We present 2 cases of DCF from a hepatic flexure adenocarcinoma demonstrated initially by endoscopy. 2 adult male patients were admitted due to a 2-3-month history of right-upper quadrant pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and a palpable right upper quadrant mass. In both cases, a circumferential, friable mass was noted on upper endoscopy at the second portion of the duodenum, leading to the ascending colon...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173768/-bowel-prep-hyponatremia-a-state-of-acute-water-intoxication-facilitated-by-low-dietary-solute-intake-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Martin Windpessl, Christoph Schwarz, Manfred Wallner
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic hyponatremia is considered a rare complication of oral bowel preparation for colonoscopy. The pathophysiology underlying this phenomenon has been widely regarded as a mere sequela of excessive arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. CASE PRESENTATION: This case describes a 61-year old woman who developed acute hyponatremic encephalopathy when preparing for elective outpatient lower endoscopy. She had had negligible oral solute intake for two days and ingested four liters of clear fluid within two hours...
February 7, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166569/annals-on-being-a-doctor-story-slam-colonoscopy-complication
#9
Leo C Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165313/colonoscopic-and-histologic-features-of-rectal-masses-in-dogs-82-cases-1995-2012
#10
Krista N Adamovich-Rippe, Philipp D Mayhew, Stanley L Marks, Laura E Selmic, William T N Culp, Angela M Youello, Jeffrey J Runge, David E Holt, Philip H Kass, John R Peauroi
OBJECTIVE To evaluate colonoscopic and histologic features of rectal masses in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 82 client-owned dogs with rectal masses that underwent colonoscopy. PROCEDURES Medical records of dogs with rectal masses that underwent colonoscopy were reviewed. History, signalment, clinical signs, results of physical examination, diagnostic imaging findings, and results of colonoscopy (including complications) were recorded. When available, tissue samples obtained during colonoscopy and by means of surgical biopsy were reviewed by a single board-certified pathologist...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149153/subcutaneous-facial-and-neck-emphysema-as-first-sign-of-intestinal-perforation-in-a-female-patient-after-a-routine-colonoscopy
#11
Dimitrios Anyfantakis, Miltiades Kastanakis, Paraskevi Karona, Alexandros Papadomichelakis, Emmanouil Bobolakis
Colonoscopy is a safe procedure for the diagnosis and management of colorectal diseases. Colonic perforation due to colonoscopy represents an uncommon complication. Here we present an unusual case of iatrogenic bowel perforation resulting in subcutaneous facial and neck emphysema, pneumomediastinum and pneumoretroperitoneum. Taking a detailed recent medical history information is always required when encountering patients with subcutaneous emphysema after invasive examination procedures. Alertness on iatrogenic complication eventualities may improve prognosis and avoid life-threatening conditions...
October 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147350/late-onset-of-acute-severe-ulcerative-colitis-clinical-case
#12
A E Dorofeyev, O A Rassokhina, A A Dorofeyeva
Ulcerative colitis (UC) in adult age requires more careful examination because more often it turns out to be a complication related to the precancer condition. The onset of colitis in older age is predicted to follow a more aggressive clinical course and requires more frequent hospitalizations and steroids prescription in contrast to its onset in young patients. Even as this remains unclear, we present here a clinical case of late onset of acute severe UC to represent interesting clinical peculiarities and response to the therapy...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145777/liver-abscess-secondary-to-an-endoscopic-tattoo-in-the-colon
#13
Y M Aawsaj, S Kelly, B Slater
Introduction Endoscopic tattooing of colonic lesions has been used safely for their localization. CASE HISTORY We report a 61-year-old female who had left hemicolectomy in 2006 for adenocarcinoma of the left colon (pT3, pN0, M0). Cancer in the transverse colon was discovered during annual colonoscopy surveillance. The lesion was tattooed 5cm proximal to the lesion. Twenty-four days after tattooing, she was admitted to the emergency department with increased levels of inflammatory markers. CT showed an abscess in the left lobe of the liver adjacent to the tattoo site...
February 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138905/a-case-of-concomitant-colitic-cancer-and-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-during-follow-up-for-ulcerative-colitis
#14
Kazuyo Tsuchiya, Atsushi Nanashima, Takuto Ikeda, Shiro Minami, Motoaki Nagano, Takeomi Hamada, Koichi Yano, Yoshiro Fujii
Colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) is known to occur in long-standing and extensive ulcerative colitis (UC). Furthermore, UC is known to complicate primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), which subsequently results in an increased risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma. We report a case of colitis-associated rectal cancer (CARC) accompanied by intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) based on UC and PSC. A 73-year-old man had suffered from UC for 19 years. During surveillance colonoscopy, a tumor was found in the rectum that was pathologically diagnosed as CARC from the resected specimen...
January 30, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133114/-a-case-of-ascending-colon-cancer-with-intestinal-malformation-treated-via-laparoscopic-surgery
#15
Yoshiyuki Motoki, Kazunori Nakaguchi, Katutoshi Nakano, Keishi Sugimoto, Kazuomi Kan, Sadayuki Doi
A 66-year-old man attended a health check-up after a positive fecal occult blood test. Colonoscopy revealed a 2 cm type 2 lesion near the ascending colon and the upper lip ofBauhin 's valve. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography ofthe abdominal region revealed aplasia ofthe ligament ofTreitz, with the duodenum running through the center. Three-dimensional vascular construction revealed intestinal malrotation, in which the superior mesenteric artery was present on the right side of the superior mesenteric vein...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133075/-two-cases-of-obstructive-colorectal-cancer-effectively-treated-with-colonic-stent-placement
#16
Taiki Masuda, Kenta Kobayashi, Masaki Kakimoto, Haruya Koshiishi, Tetsunori Yoshimura
We report 2 cases of obstructive colorectal cancer that were successfully treated with a self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS). They were both diagnosed with obstructive colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy was performed to make a definitive and qualitative diagnosis and to relieve the stenosis using a SEMS. The SEMSs were inserted without complications. A few days later, the patients underwent laparoscope-assisted sigmoidectomy with lymph node resection. Despite the colon obstruction, a primary anastomosis was performed...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123564/lymphangiomatosis-of-the-sigmoid-colon-a-rare-cause-of-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Guifang Lu, Hongxia Li, Yuanyuan Li
The present study reports the case of a 79-year-old Chinese man who presented to The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Xi'an, China) for the treatment of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Multiple cystic masses in the sigmoid colon were observed with colonoscopy, and through endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), these cystic masses were confirmed to be echo-free and to exhibit septal walls in the submucosal layer; in consequence, lymphangiomatosis of the sigmoid colon was diagnosed. Considering the repeated bleeding, laparoscopy-assisted partial sigmoid colon resection was performed...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122969/reduced-pelvic-field-sparing-anastomosis-for-postoperative-radiotherapy-in-selected-patients-with-mid-upper-rectal-cancer
#18
Seo Hee Choi, Jee Suk Chang, Nam Kyu Kim, Joon Seok Lim, Byung So Min, Hyuk Hur, Sang Joon Shin, Joong Bae Ahn, Yong Bae Kim, Woong Sub Koom
The aim of this study was to report the clinical results of reduced pelvic field radiotherapy (RT), excluding the anastomotic site, after total mesorectal excision in selected patients with rectal cancer. Between 2011 and 2014, 99 patients underwent upfront surgery for clinically less-advanced tumors but were finally diagnosed as pT3/N+. Among them, 50 patients with mid-upper rectal cancer who received postoperative RT with a reduced pelvic field were included in this retrospective review. This group was composed of patients with high seated tumors, complete resection with a clear circumferential resection margin, and no complication during surgery...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110444/forgotten-kirschner-wire-passing-across-the-sigmoid-colon
#19
Hiroshi Matsumoto, Shogen Yo, Shinya Fukushima, Motoyasu Osawa, Takahiro Murao, Manabu Ishii, Minoru Fujita, Akiko Shiotani
The Kirschner wire (K-wire) is used in the treatment of hip fractures, and migration of a K-wire into the pelvis with resultant colon injury is a very rare complication. We report a case in which a forgotten K-wire passing across the sigmoid colon was accidentally found by screening colonoscopy in a patient with no abdominal symptoms. Surgery was performed to remove the K-wire. Although the migration of a K-wire is extremely rare, it is important for it to be considered in patients with a history of orthopedic surgery...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105618/-efficacy-analysis-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-the-treatment-of-406-cases-with-gastrointestinal-disorders
#20
Ning Li, Hongliang Tian, Chunlian Ma, Chao Ding, Xiaolong Ge, Lili Gu, Xuelei Zhang, Bo Yang, Yue Hua, Yifan Zhu, Yan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for gastrointestinal disorders. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 406 patients who underwent FMT from May 2014 to April 2016 in the Intestinal Microenvironment Treatment Centre of Nanjing General Hospital was performed, including patients with constipation(276 cases), recurrent Clostridium Difficile infection (RCDI, 61 cases), ulcerative colitis(44 cases), irritable bowel syndrome (15 cases) and Crohn's disease(10 cases)...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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