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colonoscopy complication

Crystale Purvis Cooper, Cynthia A Gelb
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Screen for Life: National Colorectal Cancer Action Campaign has operated continuously since 1999 to promote colorectal cancer screening. The campaign's most recent formative research cycle was conducted in 2015 and included 16 focus groups in four United States cities with adults aged 50-75 years who had not received colorectal cancer screening as recommended. The most common reason for screening nonparticipation was aversion to some aspect of colonoscopy, such as preparation, the invasive nature of the test, or the possibility of complications...
October 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Ken-Ichi Mizuno, Kazuya Takahashi, Kentaro Tominaga, Yuki Nishigaki, Hiroki Sato, Satoshi Ikarashi, Kazunao Hayashi, Takashi Yamamoto, Yutaka Honda, Satoru Hashimoto, Kenya Kamimura, Manabu Takeuchi, Junji Yokoyama, Yuichi Sato, Masaaki Kobayashi, Shuji Terai
Background. Dentures and dental instruments are frequently encountered ingested foreign bodies. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of endoscopically removing ingested dental objects. Methods. Twenty-nine consecutive patients with 29 dental objects who were treated at the Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital from August 2009 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Characteristics of the patients and the ingested dental objects, the clinical features and findings of radiological imaging tests, and outcomes of endoscopic removal were analyzed...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Kinichi Hotta, Takahisa Matsuda, Yasuo Kakugawa, Hiroaki Ikematsu, Nozomu Kobayashi, Ryoji Kushima, Atsushi Hozawa, Takeshi Nakajima, Taku Sakamoto, Mika Mori, Takahiro Fujii, Yutaka Saito
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer screening program using fecal immunochemical test had been conducted on an isolated island named Nii-jima. However, the participation rate of the program had been approximately 12%, which was lower than average level of Japan. This study aimed to evaluate the participation rate, safety and efficacy of a colorectal cancer screening program using colonoscopy on the island. METHODS: Educational campaigns were actively conducted every month using information bulletins and special propaganda pamphlets...
October 13, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Justin T Huntington, Robert L Plews, Sara A Mansfield, Joseph M Drosdeck, David C Evans
There are many complications associated with the left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), including gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). We present a case of a pseudo colonic mass visualized on colonoscopy during workup for GIB in an LVAD patient necessitating a right colectomy with final pathology negative for malignancy. A review of the literature in regards to the pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of this interesting condition is included.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Maurizio Zizzo, Carolina Castro Ruiz, Lara Ugoletti, Alessandro Giunta, Stefano Bonacini, Lorenzo Manzini, Fabrizio Aguzzoli, Alberto Colognesi, Claudio Pedrazzoli
Colonoscopy is one of the most widely used procedures in medical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of many benign and malignant diseases of the colorectal tract. Colonscopy has become the reference procedure for screening and surveillance of colorectal cancer. The overall rate of adverse events is estimated to be about 2.8 per 1,000 procedures, while complications requiring hospitalization are about 1.9 per 1,000 colonoscopies. Mortality from all causes and colonoscopy-specific mortality are estimated to be 0...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Andrew Mitchell, Alexandre Dugas
BACKGROUND: Perforation of the colon occurring during or shortly following colonoscopy or barium enema is a rare complication of collagenous colitis (CC). "Spontaneous" perforation in CC, in which no instigating factor is identified, is even less common, with only five cases reported to date. We report herein an additional case of spontaneous perforation in previously undiagnosed CC and review the clinical and pathological features of previously reported cases. CASE PRESENTATION: An 80 year old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain preceded by approximately one month of frequent non-bloody diarrhea...
October 6, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Bardia Bidarmaghz, Ashvini Shekhar, Rasika Hendahewa
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is usually a disease involving women of reproductive age. Colonic endometriosis is a rare sequelae. It usually presents vaguely with nonspecific abdominal pain, dyspareunia, fecal tenesmus, rectal bleeding or painful defecation. There are very few case reports of sigmoid endometriosis in the literature, more so ones involving post-menopausal women. Our report highlights such a case, mimicking a malignant rectosigmoid stricture leading to a large bowel obstruction...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Wei-Cheng Tseng, Chun-Chang Yeh, Shu-Wen Jao, Zhi-Fu Wu, Shinn-Long Lin
Colonoscopy is widely performed for the diagnosis and treatment of various colonic disorders and the screening and surveillance of colorectal neoplasia. According to research evidence, up to one-third of patients had at least 1 minor and transient gastrointestinal symptom after colonoscopy. Although severe complications developed uncommonly, they are potentially serious and life threatening. Here, we present the case of a 95-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who developed bilateral tension pneumothorax during therapeutic colonoscopy for sigmoid volvulus...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
John B Ortolani, Daniel R Tershak, John J Ferrara, Charles J Paget
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE)/American College of Gastroenterology Task Force (ACGTF) on Quality in Endoscopy released updated quality benchmarks for colonoscopy in 2015. Our initial study concluded that surgery residents could perform safe and competent screening colonoscopy within a structured endoscopy curriculum. In this follow-up study, we sought to determine whether surgery residents could achieve the increased adenoma detection rate (ADR) benchmarks endorsed by the ASGE/ACGTF...
September 2016: American Surgeon
Monica Ortenzi, Roberto Ghiselli, Maria Michela Cappelletti Trombettoni, Luca Cardinali, Mario Guerrieri
AIM: To analyze the outcomes of transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) in the treatment of rare rectal condition like mesenchymal tumors, condylomas, endometriosis and melanoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a twenty-three years database. Fifty-two patients were enrolled in this study. The lesions were considered suitable for TEM if they were within 20 cm from the anus. All of them underwent an accurate preoperative workup consisting in clinical examination, total colonoscopy with biopsies, endoscopic ultrasonography, and pelvic computerized tomography or pelvic magnetic resonance imaging...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Robert J Huang, Ryan B Perumpail, Nirav Thosani, Ramsey Cheung, Shai Friedland
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Cirrhotic patients are at a theoretically increased risk of bleeding. The safety of polypectomy in cirrhosis is poorly defined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with cirrhosis who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy at a tertiary-care hospital. Patient characteristics and polyp data were collected. Development of complications including immediate bleeding, delayed bleeding, hospitalization, blood transfusion, perforation, and death were recorded to 30-day follow-up...
September 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Giuseppe Grande, Claudio Zulli, Flavia Pigò, Maria E Riccioni, Francesco Di Mario, Rita L Conigliaro
Colonic diverticula are one of the most frequent conditions found during the endoscopic examination of the lower digestive tract, interestingly in >70% of people after 80 years old. Of them, only a few percentage develop complications such as acute diverticulitis or diverticular bleeding. Up to now, colonoscopy represents the most important diagnostic and therapeutic tool on the hands of the clinicians. On the basis of this the need for a standardized and reproducible approach is now emerging. This short review article is tasked to point out some open issues concerning the role of colonoscopy in diverticular disease...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Giovanni Barbara, Eleonora Scaioli, Maria Raffaella Barbaro, Elena Biagi, Luca Laghi, Cesare Cremon, Giovanni Marasco, Antonio Colecchia, Gianfranco Picone, Nunzio Salfi, Francesco Capozzi, Patrizia Brigidi, Davide Festi
OBJECTIVE: The engagement of the gut microbiota in the development of symptoms and complications of diverticular disease has been frequently hypothesised. Our aim was to explore colonic immunocytes, gut microbiota and the metabolome in patients with diverticular disease in a descriptive, cross-sectional, pilot study. DESIGN: Following colonoscopy with biopsy and questionnaire phenotyping, patients were classified into diverticulosis or symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease; asymptomatic subjects served as controls...
September 12, 2016: Gut
Friederike Cordes, Markus Brückner, Philipp Lenz, Katharina Veltman, Rainer Glauben, Britta Siegmund, Karin Hengst, Markus Alexander Schmidt, Christoph Cichon, Dominik Bettenworth
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic-remittent disorder with the risk of disabling complications due to uncontrolled inflammation. Accurate biomarkers are needed to noninvasively monitor the disease course to tailor therapy. We evaluated the potential of the specific microRNA (miR)-320a to monitor disease activity in experimental colitis or patients with Crohn's disease and investigated its functional role in intestinal epithelial barrier formation. METHODS: The impact of miR-320a on intestinal barrier function was tested in vitro in T84 epithelial cells by transepithelial resistance measurement and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis on inflammatory and microbial stimulation...
October 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Carlos Augusto Real Martinez, Lilian Vital Pinheiro, Debora Helena Rossi, Michel Gardere Camargo, Maria de Lourdes Setsuko Ayrizono, Raquel Franco Leal, Cláudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy
Introduction. Bloom syndrome (BS) is an inherited disorder due to mutation in BLM gene. The diagnosis of BS should be considered in patients with growth retardation of prenatal onset, a photosensitive rash in a butterfly distribution over the cheeks, and an increased risk of cancer at an early age. Clinical manifestations also include short stature, dolichocephaly, prominent ears, micrognathia, malar hypoplasia and a high-pitched voice, immunodeficiency, type II diabetes, and hypogonadism associated with male infertility and female subfertility...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Elisabeth Waldmann, Irina Gessl, Daniela Sallinger, Philip Jeschek, Martha Britto-Arias, Georg Heinze, Elisabeth Fasching, Werner Weiss, Michael Gschwantler, Michael Trauner, Monika Ferlitsch
Background and study aim: Screening colonoscopy only effectively prevents colorectal cancer if performed with high quality. The aim of this study was to analyze the detection rates of premalignant colorectal lesions in screening colonoscopies performed within a nationwide quality control program for screening colonoscopy in Austria. Methods: Data from electronic records of the screening program from its implementation in 2007 until December 2014 were analyzed in order to calculate detection rates for adenomas, advanced adenomas, polyps, and proximal lesions, and rates of cecal intubation, sedation, complications, and adequate bowel preparation...
August 30, 2016: Endoscopy
R Zhou, B A Orkin
Iatrogenic colonic perforations are relatively uncommon but serious complications of diagnostic and therapeutic colonoscopies. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is an useful approach to the rectum and may be used for repair of a rectal perforation during colonoscopy. A 56-year-old male had an iatrogenic perforation of the rectum during a routine follow-up colonoscopy repaired by TEM with an uneventful and rapid recovery.
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Aranzazu Jauregui-Amezaga, Auke Geerits, Yannick Das, Bart Lemmens, Xavier Sagaert, Talat Bessissow, Triana Lobatón, Marc Ferrante, Gert Van Assche, Raf Bisschops, Karel Geboes, Gert De Hertogh, Séverine Vermeire
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The original Geboes Score [OGS] is the most commonly used histological score in ulcerative colitis [UC], but rather complicated to use in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop a Simplified Geboes Score [SGS] and to compare it with the OGS in patients newly diagnosed with UC. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with UC at a tertiary referral centre between 2005 and 2010, who had serial colonoscopies with biopsies, were retrospectively included...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Thomas Berger, Martin Classen, Harald Engelhardt, Klaus-Michael Keller, Martin W Laass, Ralph Melchior, Carsten Posovszky, Burkhard Rodeck, Katharina Schaper, Rolf Behrens
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The goal of this study was to analyze the bowel cleansing methods currently used for pediatric colonoscopy in terms of effectiveness, tolerance and safety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 768 colonoscopies reported by 28 centers were registered in an online database for further analysis. Binary logistic regression was used to determine how preparation methods affected the cleaning effect (Aronchick score) and the rate of adverse events (Aes) and complications...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Sam A O'Connor, David G Hewett, Marcus O Watson, Bradley J Kendall, Luke F Hourigan, Gerald Holtmann
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Accurate documentation of lesion localization at the time of colonoscopic polypectomy is important for future surveillance, management of complications such as delayed bleeding, and for guiding surgical resection. We aimed to assess the accuracy of endoscopic localization of polyps during colonoscopy and examine variables that may influence this accuracy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in consecutive patients presenting for elective, outpatient colonoscopy...
June 2016: Endoscopy International Open
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