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Congenital thoracic malformation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759082/persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#1
Kamil W Tyrak, Jakub Holda, Mateusz K Holda, Mateusz Koziej, Katarzyna Piatek, Wieslawa Klimek-Piotrowska
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common congenital malformation of thoracic venous return and is present in 0.3 to 0.5% of individuals in the general population. This heart specimen was dissected from a 35-year-old male cadaver whose cause of death was determined as non-cardiac. The heart was examined and we found a PLSVC draining into the coronary sinus. The right superior vena cava was present with a small-diameter ostium. An anomalous pulmonary vein pattern was observed; there was a common trunk to the left superior and left inferior pulmonary veins (diameter 17...
May 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737279/exercise-capacity-is-not-decreased-in-children-who-have-undergone-lung-resection-early-in-life-for-congenital-thoracic-malformations-compared-to-healthy-age-matched-children
#2
Ashlee Dunn, Kasey Pearce, Robin Callister, Adam Collison, Matthew Morten, Payal Mandaliya, Lauren Platt, Ben Dascombe, Rajendra Kumar, Hiran Selvadurai, Paul D Robinson, Joerg Mattes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare (i) the exercise capacity and (ii) lung function prior to and immediately post cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) of children who underwent early life lung resection for Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformations (CPAM) to healthy control children. METHOD: Eight children with CPAM (four males, age 9.6 ± 1.8 years) and eight control children without respiratory disease (three males, age 9.4 ± 1.4 years) performed a CPET on a cycle ergometer, during which maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max ) and heart rate were measured...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709660/effect-of-gastrointestinal-malformations-on-the-outcomes-of-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Carlos M Mery, Luis E De León, J Rubén Rodriguez, R Michael Nieto, Wei Zhang, Iki Adachi, Jeffrey S Heinle, Lauren C Kane, E Dean McKenzie, Charles D Fraser
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the effect of associated gastrointestinal malformations (GI) on the outcomes of patients undergoing congenital heart operations. METHODS: Neonates and infants with thoracic (esophageal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula) and abdominal (duodenal stenosis/atresia, imperforate anus, Hirschsprung disease) GI malformations undergoing congenital heart operations between 1995 and 2015 were included. Two control groups were created, one for each group...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683719/microbubbles-in-macrocysts-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-assisted-sclerosant-therapy-of-a-congenital-macrocystic-lymphangioma-a-case-report
#4
Carlos Menendez-Castro, Maren Zapke, Fabian Fahlbusch, Heiko von Goessel, Wolfgang Rascher, Jörg Jüngert
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic lymphangiomas are benign malformations due to a developmental disorder of lymphatic vessels. Besides surgical excision, sclerosant therapy of these lesions by intracavitary injection of OK-432 (Picibanil®), a lyophilized mixture of group A Streptococcus pyogenes, is a common therapeutical option. For an appropriate application of OK-432, a detailed knowledge about the structure and composition of the congenital cystic lymphangioma is essential. SonoVue® is a commercially available contrast agent commonly used in sonography by intravenous and intracavitary application...
July 6, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637939/surgery-of-thymic-tumor-with-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#5
Masahiro Yanagiya, Jun Matsumoto, Hirotsugu Hashimoto, Yoshio Suzuki, Hajime Horiuchi
Because a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare congenital malformation in the thoracic venous system, surgery of the thymus in such patients has rarely been reported. We herein present a case involving a 68-year-old woman who was treated for a thymic tumor adhering to a PLSVC. She underwent complete resection of the thymic tumor through median sternotomy with left-sided video-assisted thoracic surgery. Although the tumor was close to the left phrenic nerve, this nerve was safely preserved. The pathological diagnosis was mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the thymus...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626825/phace-s-syndrome-report-of-a-case-with-new-ocular-and-systemic-manifestations
#6
Raheleh Assari, Vahid Ziaee, Sasan Moghimi, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
PURPOSE: To describe an infant with PHACE(S) syndrome [posterior fossa anomalies (P), hemangiomas (H), arterial anomalies (A), cardiac abnormalities and coarctation of aorta (C), eye abnormalities (E), and the sternal defects (S)] with unusual strabismus, congenital glaucoma, and new systemic manifestations. METHODS: A 6-month-old girl was referred with large hemangiomas on the left side of the face. RESULTS: In the ocular examination, right esotropia and hypotropia, and limitation of elevation in adduction in the right eye were seen...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607884/rigid-bronchoscopic-placement-of-fogarty-catheter-as-a-bronchial-blocker-for-one-lung-isolation-and-ventilation-in-infants-and-children-undergoing-thoracic-surgery-a-single-institution-experience-of-27-cases
#7
Sunil Kant Kamra, Ashwin Ashok Jaiswal, Amrish Kumar Garg, Manoj Kumar Mohanty
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is a challenging task in infants and children as few techniques are possible because of narrow anatomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate and experience lung isolation with Fogarty catheters as a bronchial blocker placed by rigid bronchoscope for OLV in infants and children with lung pathologies requiring surgical management in an industrial hospital. This study is a prospective study carried out in J.L.N. Hospital and Research Centre, Bhilai (CG), from January 2011 to December 2014...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566826/isomerism-in-the-setting-of-the-so-called-heterotaxy-the-usefulness-of-computed-tomographic-analysis
#8
Shumpei Mori, Robert H Anderson, Tatsuya Nishii, Kensuke Matsumoto, Rohit S Loomba
The most complex combinations of congenital cardiac malformations are found in the setting of bodily isomerism. The question remains, however, as to whether evidence of cardiac isomerism is always to be found in the setting of bodily isomerism, also known as "heterotaxy." We have previously shown that, when assessed on the basis of the extent of the pectinate muscles relative to the atrioventricular junctions, there is always isomerism of the atrial appendages in this setting. Doubt has been remained, however, as to whether these cardiac features can accurately be recognized during life...
May 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450991/-poland-syndrome-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Meriam Benzalim, Laila Berghalout, Sophia Elfakir, Hicham Jalal
Poland syndrome is a rare congenital malformation associated with various degrees of thoracic and homolateral upper limb abnormalities. We report the case of a 7-year old girl who underwent exploration for depression of the left hemithorax associated with homolateral subclavicular mass. CT scan showed that the deformation of the thoracic wall was related to the absence of left pectoralis major muscle sterno-costal heads insertion associated with agenesis of the pectoralis minor muscle and hypoplasia of the anterior arches of the first six corresponding ribs...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387106/-when-an-encircling-aortic-arch-anomaly-hides-behind-respiratory-and-digestive-symptoms-in-children
#10
M Solowianiuk, C Soulatges, N Farhat, J Holzki, M-C Seghaye
Aortic arch anomalies are relatively frequent and account for 15 to 20 % of all congenital cardiovascular malformations. They can be discovered in case of symptoms of airway or esophageal compression such as dysphagia, chronic cough, stridor, wheezing and recurrent respiratory infections. We report the cases of two children with encircling aortic arch anomaly. The 3-year-old boy had complained of chronic respiratory symptoms such as laryngitis and asthma since the age of 4 months. The 20-month-old boy presented with inter-mittent stridor, dysphagia and frequent vomiting...
November 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376682/insertion-of-a-totally-implantable-venous-access-port-in-a-patient-with-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-plsvc
#11
Julie Van Walleghem, Sofie Depuydt, Stijn Schepers
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare congenital variant, but it is the most common venous thoracic malformation, occurring in 0.3-0.5% of the general population. PLSVC is caused by the persistence of the embryological left anterior cardinal vein which normally obliterates and persists as the Marshall ligament. We present the case of a 74-year-old male lung cancer patient, who already underwent an uncomplicated right-hand sided pacemaker insertion in 2006. During implantation of a subcutaneous central venous access port through puncture of the left subclavian vein, a PLSVC was discovered...
April 5, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364011/spectrum-of-spinal-cord-spinal-root-and-brain-mri-abnormalities-in-congenital-zika-syndrome-with-and-without-arthrogryposis
#12
M F V V Aragao, A M Brainer-Lima, A C Holanda, V van der Linden, L Vasco Aragão, M L M Silva, C Sarteschi, N C L Petribu, M M Valença
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arthrogryposis is among the malformations of congenital Zika syndrome. Similar to the brain, there might exist a spectrum of spinal cord abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe in detail the MR imaging features found in the spinal cords, nerve roots, and brains of children with congenital Zika syndrome with and without arthrogryposis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve infants with congenital Zika syndrome (4 with arthrogryposis and 8 without) who had undergone brain and spinal cord MR imaging were retrospectively selected...
March 31, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363624/surgical-management-of-hydatid-bilio-bronchial-fistula-by-exclusive-thoracotomy
#13
REVIEW
Sani Rabiou, Marouane Lakranbi, Yassine Ouadnouni, Fabrizio Panaro, Mohamed Smahi
In the industrialized countries, most of Bilio-bronchial fistula are secondary to hepatobiliary trauma, hepatic resection surgery or in the case of congenital malformation of the biliary tract, Bilio-bronchial fistula is recognized as the complication of a number of infectious pathologies such as hydatidosis and hepatic amoebiasis. Among the causes, the Bilio-bronchial fistula of hydatic origin is by far the most frequent especially in the zones of hydatid endemic as Morocco. It is a serious complication of liver hydatid cysts...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283076/prevalence-of-thoracic-vertebral-malformations-in-french-bulldogs-pugs-and-english-bulldogs-with-and-without-associated-neurological-deficits
#14
R Ryan, R Gutierrez-Quintana, G Ter Haar, Steven De Decker
Congenital vertebral malformations are common incidental findings in small breed dogs. This retrospective observational study evaluated the type and prevalence of thoracic vertebral malformations in 171 neurologically normal and 10 neurologically abnormal screw-tailed brachycephalic dogs. Neurologically normal dogs underwent CT for reasons unrelated to spinal disease, while affected dogs underwent MRI. Imaging studies were reviewed and vertebral malformations including hemivertebrae, block vertebrae, transitional vertebrae, and spina bifida were documented...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267550/a-correlative-study-of-aortic-valve-rotation-angle-and-thoracic-aortic-sizes-using-ecg-gated-ct-angiography
#15
Farhood Saremi, Steven Cen, Nazila Tayari, Houman Alizadeh, Amir Emami, Leah Lin, Fernando Fleischman
OBJECTIVE: Various degrees of aortic valve rotation may be seen in individuals with no history of congenital cardiovascular malformations, but its association with aortic sizes has not been studied. METHODS: Gated computed tomographic (CT angiograms in 217 patients were studied (66.7±15; 22-97 years old)). Aortic diameters were determined at 5 anatomic locations. The length of the aorta from sinus to left subclavian artery was measured. The angle of valve rotation was recorded by measuring the angle between a line connecting the midpoint of the non-coronary sinus to the anterior commissure and another line along the interatrial septum...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266961/thoracic-manifestations-of-klippel-trenaunay-syndrome
#16
Mark M Hammer, Wallace T Miller
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a congenital disorder characterized by venous malformations and a predisposition to pulmonary embolism. We reviewed the imaging findings of 7 adult patients with KTS who underwent thoracic CT. While the superficial manifestations of KTS predominantly affect the extremities, patients frequently develop abnormalities of the pulmonary arterial system, particularly chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Additionally, some patients are seen to develop pulmonary arteriolar aneurysms; the physiologic significance of this finding is unknown at this time...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259381/fast-track-pediatric-thoracic-surgery-toward-day-case-surgery
#17
Pauline Clermidi, Myriam Bellon, Alia Skhiri, Olivier Jaby, Christine Vitoux, Michel Peuchmaur, Arnaud Bonnard
PURPOSE: Thoracoscopic lung resection for congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is a safe technique for children. Our purpose was to evaluate the feasibility of a fast-track protocol in such cases. METHODS: From September 2007 to May 2016, 101 patients underwent a thoracoscopic pulmonary resection of which 83 for CPAM (lobectomy, wedge resection or sequestrectomy). We retrospectively reviewed the characteristics of surgical procedure, postoperative management and complications through three time periods (September 2007-December 2009: n=14, January 2010-March 2013: n=30, April 2013-May 2016: n=39) corresponding to management protocols modifications introducing fast-track pathways...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246561/management-of-the-amniotic-band-syndrome-with-cleft-palate-literature-review-and-report-of-a-case
#18
Carolina Cortez-Ortega, José Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Joselín Flores-Velázquez, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel Noyola-Frías, Miguel Ángel Santos-Díaz, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
Amniotic Band Syndrome (ABS) is a group of congenital malformations that includes the majority of typical constriction rings and limb and digital amputations, together with major craniofacial, thoracic, and abdominal malformations. The syndrome is caused by early rupture of the amniotic sac. Some of the main oral manifestations include micrognathia, hyperdontia, and cleft lip with or without cleft palate, which is present in 14.6% of patients with this syndrome. The purpose of this report was to describe the clinical characteristics and the oral treatment provided to a 6-month-old male patient affected with ABS with cleft lip and palate...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205035/serial-improvement-of-quality-metrics-in-pediatric-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-for-congenital-lung-malformation-an-analysis-of-learning-curve
#19
Samina Park, Eung Re Kim, Yoohwa Hwang, Hyun Joo Lee, In Kyu Park, Young Tae Kim, Chang Hyun Kang
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) pulmonary resection in children is a technically demanding procedure that requires a relatively long learning period. This study aimed to evaluate the serial improvement of quality metrics according to case volume experience in pediatric VATS pulmonary resection of congenital lung malformation (CLM). Methods VATS anatomical resection in CLM was attempted in 200 consecutive patients. The learning curve for the operative time was modeled by cumulative sum analysis. Quality metrics were used to measure technical achievement and efficiency outcomes...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151866/acute-arterial-embolism-of-left-lower-extremity-caused-by-paradoxical-embolism-in-ebstein-s-anomaly-a-case-report
#20
Jun-Sheng Li, Jie Ma, Zi-Xing Yan, Dong-Ming Cheng, Liang Chang, Hai-Chun Zhang, Jiang-Yan Liu
INTRODUCTION: Ebstein's anomaly is a benign and stable congenital heart disease for asymptomatic patients. Despite a low incidence of Ebstein's anomaly (EA), patients' quality of life can be badly affected by EA without positive surgical intervention. Especially EA is associated with other congenital heart disease, such as the atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale, and arterial embolism exclude other reasons, it is often considered to be the consequence of paradoxical embolism, and surgical intervention must be conducted...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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