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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669610/parasitic-causes-of-organ-condemnation-in-cattle-slaughtered-in-fako-abattoirs-south-west-region-of-cameroon-and-estimate-of-financial-losses
#1
M K Kouam, R Meningue, D E Fon
An abattoir study was carried out between May and October 2016 to determine the parasitic causes of organ condemnation during meat inspection and to evaluate the attendant financial losses in Fako abattoirs, in the South-West region of Cameroon. Organs (liver, lungs, heart, tongue, kidney, spleen and intestine) were examined at meat inspection following standard procedures and the financial loss was estimated by considering the total weight of condemned organs and the price per kilogram of marketable organs, obtained from the local market...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669532/pulmonary-lymphangioleimyomatosis-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-menopausal-woman
#2
Hong Hong, Ruiheng Yang, Xiuzhen Li, Mengjun Wang, Zhongchao Ma
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary lymphangioleimyomatosis (PLAM) is a rare disease involving lung. PLAM primarily affects young women, a characteristic it shares with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Estrogen has long been assumed to play an important role both in PLAM and SLE. We report a menopausal woman, who was found to have PLAM 1 year after she was diagnosed with SLE. Her chest radiograph was normal in the early phase of SLE. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old Chinese woman was referred to our hospital in August 2014 because of swelling in both legs...
April 18, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657395/prevalence-of-liver-flukes-infections-and-hydatidosis-in-slaughtered-sheep-and-goats-in-nishapour-khorasan-razavi-iran
#3
Majid Aminzare, Mohammad Hashemi, Samaneh Yaghoobi Faz, Mojtaba Raeisi, Hassan Hassanzadazar
Background: Food-borne trematode infections and hydatidosis are endemic diseases caused by helminths in Iran that are responsible for great economic loss and getting public health at risk. Aim: Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of fasciolosis, dicrocoeliasis, and hydatidosis infections in slaughtered sheep and goats in Nishapour, Khorasan Razavi province of Iran. Materials and Methods: A survey was implemented on 130,107 sheep and goats slaughtered at an abattoir in Nishapour (Neyshbur) city, north central Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran, to determine the prevalence of fascioliasis, dicrocoeliosis and presence of hydatidosis...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652577/lung-cancers-associated-with-cystic-airspaces-underrecognized-features-of-early-disease
#4
Sarah Sheard, Joanna Moser, Charlie Sayer, Konstantinos Stefanidis, Anand Devaraj, Ioannis Vlahos
Early lung cancers associated with cystic airspaces are increasingly being recognized as a cause of delayed diagnoses-owing to data gathered from screening trials and encounters in routine clinical practice as more patients undergo serial imaging. Several morphologic subtypes of cancers associated with cystic airspaces exist and can exhibit variable patterns of progression as the solid elements of the tumor grow. Current understanding of the pathogenesis of these malignancies is limited, and the numbers of cases reported in the literature are small...
April 13, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630123/il-33-induced-inflammation-exacerbated-the-development-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-through-oxidative-stress
#5
S-C Zou, J Jiang, J Song
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at exploring the role of IL-33 in mouse chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its potential molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mice model was established by cigarette smoking (CS). COPD mice were randomly assigned into PBS group and IL-33 antibody group. The peripheral blood and lung tissues of mice from two groups were collected for the following experiments. Pathological changes of the lung tissues in both groups were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630082/pulmonary-hydatid-disease-with-aspergillosis-an-unusual-association-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#6
Rahul Chanderhas Goyal, Ruchita Tyagi, Bhavna Garg, Atul Mishra, Neena Sood
Echinococcosis is a common cause of pulmonary cavities. Aspergillus fumigatus, a saprophytic fungus, can colonise pulmonary cavities caused by tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, echinococcosis, bronchiectasis and neoplasms. Infection by Aspergillus is often seen in immunosuppressed cases. However, co-infection of Aspergillus with pulmonary echinococcosis is unexpected and very unusual, especially in an immunocompetent patient. We present the case of a 45-year-old immunocompetent male who came with non-resolving pneumonia and fever for 8 months and dyspnoea since 15 days accompanied by recurrent episodes of hemoptysis since 5 days...
April 9, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629058/effect-of-propofol-and-isoflurane-on-gas-exchange-parameters-following-one-lung-ventilation-in-thoracic-surgery-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Shima Sheybani, Alireza Sharifian Attar, Sogol Golshan, Shadi Sheibani, Majid Rajabian
Background: The use of anesthetic drugs with minimal inhibitory effects on the hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) could have a decisive role in preventing the hypoxemia during one-lung ventilation (OLV). Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of propofol and isoflurane on the changes in gas exchange parameters following OLV in thoracic surgery. Methods: This double-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on patients who were candidates for elective right thoracotomy referred to the central operating room of Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad, Iran, during February 2016-2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625125/pork-as-a-source-of-transmission-of-toxoplasma-gondii-to-humans-a-parasite-burden-study-in-pig-tissues-after-infection-with-different-strains-of-toxoplasma-gondii-as-a-function-of-time-and-different-parasite-stages
#8
Ignacio Gisbert Algaba, Bavo Verhaegen, Malgorzata Jennes, Mizanur Rahman, Wim Coucke, Eric Cox, Pierre Dorny, Katelijne Dierick, Stéphane De Craeye
Toxoplasma gondii is an ubiquitous apicomplexan parasite which can infect any warm-blooded animal including humans. Humans and carnivores/omnivores can also become infected by consumption of raw or undercooked infected meat containing muscle cysts. This route of transmission is considered to account for at least 30% of human toxoplasmosis cases. To better assess the role of pork as a source of infection for humans, the parasite burden resulting from experimental infection with different parasite stages and different strains of T...
April 3, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607206/primary-lung-carcinoma-combined-with-pulmonary-amyloidosis-secondary-to-syphilis-infection
#9
Luo Zhao, Xiaohui Xu, Ye Zhang, Shanqing Li, Xiaohua Shi, Yushang Cui
A 55-year-old female patient was found to have a pulmonary nodule combined with multiple lung cysts detected on CT scan. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy was performed and the nodule showed adenocarcinoma while the whole left upper lobe showed a heavy deposition of amyloid. Syphilis infection was detected and was suspected contributing to secondary pulmonary amyloidosis. Although very rare, pulmonary amyloidosis should be added to the differential diagnosis for solid pulmonary nodules. Furthermore, widespread lung cysts located apart from pulmonary nodules is especially rare in pulmonary amyloidosis secondary to syphilis infection...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607163/clinico-radiological-features-and-efficacy-of-anti-fibrotic-agents-in-atypical-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#10
Keishi Sugino, Hiroshige Shimizu, Yasuhiko Nakamura, Takuma Isshiki, Keiko Matsumoto, Sakae Homma
Background: Atypical idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) including multiple cysts or markedly atelectatic induration in upper lung predominance occasionally can confirm the diagnosis of IPF through a multidisciplinary discussion (MDD) between clinician, radiologist and, pathologist in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to clarify the differences in clinico-radiological characteristics and the efficacy of anti-fibrotic agents between atypical IPF and typical IPF. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the differences in clinico-radiological characteristics between patients with atypical IPF (n=44) and those with typical IPF (n=87) and examined efficacy of anti-fibrotic agents in atypical IPF...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596790/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-paragonimus-caliensis-little-1968-trematoda-paragonimidae-from-medellin-and-pichinde-colombia
#11
Carolina Lenis, Alicia Galiano, Imelda Vélez, Iván Darío Vélez, Carlos Muskus, Antonio Marcilla
Paragonimiasis is a subacute to chronic inflammatory granulomatous lung disease caused by the genus Paragonimus. In Latin America Paragonimus mexicanus Miyazaki & Ishii, 1968 is the only confirmed species to cause human infections. Paragonimus caliensis Little, 1968 is an uncommon species often regarded as a synonym of P. mexicanus. Recently, the study of two types of Paragonimus metacercariae from Costa Rica has provided new molecular and morphological evidence that P. caliensis is a separate species from P...
March 26, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580292/hermansky-pudlak-syndrome-type-2-manifests-with-fibrosing-lung-disease-early-in-childhood
#12
Meike Hengst, Lutz Naehrlich, Poornima Mahavadi, Joerg Grosse-Onnebrink, Suzanne Terheggen-Lagro, Lars Høsøien Skanke, Luise A Schuch, Frank Brasch, Andreas Guenther, Simone Reu, Julia Ley-Zaporozhan, Matthias Griese
BACKGROUND: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS), a hereditary multisystem disorder with oculocutaneous albinism, may be caused by mutations in one of at least 10 separate genes. The HPS-2 subtype is distinguished by the presence of neutropenia and knowledge of its pulmonary phenotype in children is scarce. METHODS: Six children with genetically proven HPS-2 presented to the chILD-EU register between 2009 and 2017; the data were collected systematically and imaging studies were scored blinded...
March 27, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575136/diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-pneumonia-in-a-2-year-old-king-charles-cavalier-spaniel-using-the-polymerase-chain-reaction
#13
Ayeley A K Okine, Seth Chapman, Roger A Hostutler, Robert Livingston
A 2-year-old, female spayed, King Charles Cavalier Spaniel was presented for evaluation of dyspnea, inappetence, and lethargy. Thoracic radiographs revealed a moderate diffuse interstitial lung pattern affecting the perihilar and caudodorsal lung fields, and an echocardiogram revealed severe pulmonary hypertension. A bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed, and cytology revealed mixed inflammation with cysts and trophozoites consistent with Pneumocystis. Pneumocystis infection was later confirmed with PCR...
March 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567871/-metastatic-brain-tumor-from-lung-adenocarcinoma-presenting-a-unique-radiographic-pattern-during-afatinib-treatment-a-case-report
#14
Junichi Miyamoto, Toru Nakagawa, Hiroshi Hirayama
Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors(EGFR-TKIs)are used as first-line treatment for patients with EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). Afatinib, a second-generation EGFR-TKI, is also effective against central nervous system(CNS)metastasis of NSCLC. However, patients treated with EGFR-TKI for many months may be at an increased risk of CNS metastasis due to the development of resistance in tumor cells to EGFR-TKI. The average period for development of resistance to EGFR-TKI is 8 to 10 months after the initiation of treatment...
March 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537177/birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome-an-underdiagnosed-genetic-tumor-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Ortrud K Steinlein, Birgit Ertl-Wagner, Thomas Ruzicka, Elke C Sattler
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD, also referred to as Hornstein-Knickenberg syndrome) is an autosomal dominant tumor syndrome caused by mutations in the FLCN gene located on chromosome 17. Depending on their age, patients with BHD may exhibit various clinical signs and symptoms. Disease severity can vary greatly among members of the same family. Early symptoms include basal lung cysts, which can lead to recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces. The majority of patients (> 90 %) develop multiple fibrofolliculomas, especially on the face and upper trunk, in the second or third decade of life...
March 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531206/acquired-lung-cysts-in-post-primary-tuberculosis-an-uncommon-radiological-finding-in-a-common-disease
#16
L S Tan, S Tan
Tuberculosis (TB) is still an endemic disease in Malaysia. Cystic lung disease in post primary tuberculosis is not common. It can occur before, during or after completion of anti-TB treatment. Clinical history and review of serial chest radiograph is paramount to make the diagnosis. This case report highlights an interesting case of a young female patient who developed extensive cystic lung disease during the course of anti-TB treatment and the importance of recognizing this unusual manifestation.
February 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519239/usefulness-of-fetal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-postnatal-management-of-congenital-lung-cysts-prediction-of-probability-for-emergency-surgery
#17
Chiyoe Shirota, Takahisa Tainaka, Toshiki Nakane, Yujiro Tanaka, Akinari Hinoki, Wataru Sumida, Naruhiko Murase, Kazuo Oshima, Kosuke Chiba, Ryo Shirotsuki, Hiroo Uchida
BACKGROUND: Emergency rescue lung resection is rarely performed to treat congenital lung cysts (CLCs) in neonates. Many reports have described fetal CLC treatment; however, prenatal predictors for postnatal respiratory failure have not been characterized. We hypothesized that fetal imaging findings are useful predictors of emergency surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with CLC who underwent lung surgery during the neonatal period in our hospital between January 2001 and December 2015...
March 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516112/primary-hydatid-cyst-in-the-posterior-thigh-and-its-percutaneous-treatment
#18
Muhammet Arslan, Bozkurt Gulek, Hasan Ulas Ogur, Fulya Adamhasan
Hydatid cyst (echinococcosis) is an endemic parasitic disease, usually encountered in those dealing with agriculture and livestock. The most frequently affected organs are the liver and the lungs. The disease is very rarely encountered in soft tissues. Diagnosing a soft-tissue hydatid cyst may be challenging unless the mass possesses the characteristic features of a hydatid cyst. Soft-tissue hydatid cysts may be treated percutaneously, just like those encountered in the liver. In this case report, we present the radiological findings and modified percutaneous aspiration-injection-reaspiration (PAIR) treatment of a hydatid cyst located in the posterior aspect of the thigh...
March 7, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510429/perioperative-complications-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-pulmonary-procedures-in-neonates-and-infants
#19
Christoph Zoeller, Benno M Ure, Jens Dingemann
INTRODUCTION:  Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has gained broad acceptance among pediatric surgeons. Today, VATS can be regarded as a routine approach for various conditions in neonates and infants. However, there is a lack of information concerning the complications of thoracoscopic pulmonary surgery in neonates and infants. We aimed to review the available data. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  A systematic review of the literature was performed using PubMed...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505009/laparoscopic-surgery-for-primary-ovarian-and-retroperitoneal-hydatid-disease-a-case-report
#20
Qinghua Zhao, Jin Luo, Qin Zhang, Tianyan Leng, Lihua Yang
RATIONALE: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a parasitic zoonosis caused by echinococcus larvae. Manifestations of the disease include a severe damage to the liver and lung. Damages to the mesentery, omentum, spleen, brain, heart, bone, thyroid, kidney, and uterus are rarely observed. Moreover, primary ovarian and retroperitoneal hydatid disease is extremely rare, and is easily ignored or misdiagnosed. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of CE in a 34-year-old female who presented with an adnexal mass detected by B-ultrasound...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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