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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900783/taenia-crassiceps-cysticercosis-in-a-nilgiri-langur-semnopithecus-johnii
#1
Martina Bleyer, Tina Risch, Christian Roos, Franz-Josef Kaup, Kerstin Mätz-Rensing
  A captive-born adult female Nilgiri langur ( Semnopithecus johnii) developed an edematous swelling of the left thigh and a firm mass around the right ankle joint. The animal also suffered from lethargy and anorexia and was euthanized because of poor general condition. Necropsy revealed that the skeletal muscle of the left thigh had been replaced by a multilocular cystic mass containing numerous sand-grain-sized whitish structures. Small cysts were also present in the lung and the myocardium. The mass of the right ankle joint was histologically consistent with a myxosarcoma...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899780/intracranial-hydatid-cyst-a-report-of-three-cases-in-north-west-india
#2
Sachidanand Gautam, Anubhav Sharma
Human echinococcus is caused by tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus , which forms larval cysts in the human tissue. Incidence in the cerebral form is only 1-2%. This localization can be associated with the involvement of other organs such as liver or lung or may be an isolated infestation of the brain or spinal column. Surgical removal of the intact and unruptured cyst is advised to prevent local recurrence that may require further surgery and long-term treatment with parasiticidal agents. We report three cases who presented with headache, vomiting, hemiparesis with decreased visual acuity, and convulsions...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897930/loss-of-fnip1-alters-kidney-developmental-transcriptional-program-and-synergizes-with-tsc1-loss-to-promote-mtorc1-activation-and-renal-cyst-formation
#3
Ryan Centini, Mark Tsang, Terri Iwata, Heon Park, Jeffrey Delrow, Daciana Margineantu, Brandon M Iritani, Haiwei Gu, H Denny Liggitt, Janella Kang, Lim Kang, David M Hockenbery, Daniel Raftery, Brian M Iritani
Birt-Hogg-Dube' Syndrome (BHDS) is a rare genetic disorder in humans characterized by skin hamartomas, lung cysts, pneumothorax, and increased risk of renal tumors. BHDS is caused by mutations in the BHD gene, which encodes for Folliculin, a cytoplasmic adapter protein that binds to Folliculin interacting proteins-1 and -2 (Fnip1, Fnip2) as well as the master energy sensor AMP kinase (AMPK). Whereas kidney-specific deletion of the Bhd gene in mice is known to result in polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and renal cell carcinoma, the roles of Fnip1 in renal cell development and function are unclear...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873170/solving-the-mystery-hyalinized-cyst-wall-containing-organism-like-structures-in-a-lung-transplant-donor
#4
Julia Bini Viotti, Matthias Loebe, Nicolas Brozzi, Andre Pinto, Jacques Simkins, Christina M Cloke, Jose F Camargo, Sam Salama, Lilian M Abbo
A 59-year-old man with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy underwent orthotopic heart transplantation. The donor, a 31-year-old male declared brain dead after a gunshot wound to the head, was considered high risk due to history of incarceration, illicit drug use and sex with a HIV positive partner. At organ procurement, the heart, kidneys, pancreas and liver looked grossly normal. A small right lower lobe nodule was noticed, and lung biopsy was performed. Bronchoscopy showed purulent secretions in the right lower lobe...
June 5, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862110/case-report-of-hydatid-cyst-in-the-pulmonary-artery-uncommon-presentation-ct-and-mri-findings
#5
Arwa Almutairi, Sulaiman Al Rajhi
Background: Hydatid cysts can be found in any organ. In adults, the liver and lungs are the most common locations; hydatid cysts in the pulmonary artery are rare. Clinical Case: We present the case of an 86-year-old female with a history of hepatic hydatid cyst since 2012, who presented with complaints of chronic productive cough, yellowish-green sputum, and dyspnea. CT and MRI showed multiseptate hydatid cysts in the right pulmonary artery.
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805340/pediatric-case-report-on-an-interstitial-lung-disease-with-a-novel-mutation-of-sftpc-successfully-treated-with-lung-transplantation
#6
Ji Soo Park, Yun Jung Choi, Young Tae Kim, Samina Park, Jong-Hee Chae, June Dong Park, Yeon Jin Cho, Woo-Sun Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Sung-Hye Park, Dohee Kwon, Doo Hyun Chung, Dong In Suh
Mutations of the surfactant protein (SP)-C gene ( SFTPC ) have been associated with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and childhood interstitial lung disease (ILD). If accurate diagnosis and proper management are delayed, irreversible respiratory failure demanding lung transplantation may ensue. A girl was born at term but was intubated and given exogenous surfactant due to RDS. Cough and tachypnea persisted, and symptoms rapidly progressed at 16 months of age despite treatment with antibiotics, oral prednisolone, methylprednisolone pulse therapy, and intravenous immunoglobulin...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799891/-pleuro-pulmonary-blastoma-presenting-as-a-chest-wall-deformity-a-case-report
#7
Josefina Sáez B, Juan Carlos Pattillo S, José Fernando Vuletin S
INTRODUCTION: Pleuropulmonary blastema (PPB) is the most common primary malignancy of the lungs in childhood. It occurs more frequently in children between one and four years of age, and respiratory symptoms are a common manifestation. Three types have been defined (type I, II and III), which are related to survival and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of a patient with a PPB who presented with a chest wall deformity. CASE REPORT: One year old male patient who had a chest wall deformity at ten months of age...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787232/self-assembled-chiral-gold-supramolecules-with-efficient-laser-absorption-for-enantiospecific-recognition-of-carnitine
#8
Yu-Ting Tseng, Hsiang-Yu Chang, Scott G Harroun, Chien-Wei Wu, Shih-Chun Wei, Zhiqin Yuan, Hung-Lung Chou, Ching-Hsiang Chen, Chih-Ching Huang, Huan-Tsung Chang
Stereospecific recognition of chiral molecules is ubiquitous in chemical and biological systems, thus leading to a strong de-mand for the development of enantiomeric drugs, enantioselective sensors, and asymmetric catalysts. In this study, we demonstrate the ratio of D-Cys and L-Cys playing an important role in determining the optical properties and the structures of self-assembled Cys-Au(I) supramolecules prepared through a simple reaction of tetrachloroaurate(III) with chiral cyste-ine (Cys). The irregularly shaped -[D-Cys-Au(I)] n - or -[L-Cys-Au(I)] n - supramolecules with a size larger than 500 nm pos-sessing strong absorption in the near-UV region and chiroptical characteristics were only obtained from the reaction of Au(III) with D-Cys or L-Cys...
May 22, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785839/optimization-of-a-secondary-voi-protocol-for-lung-imaging-in-a-clinical-ct-scanner
#9
Thomas C Larsen, Vissagan Gopalakrishnan, Jianhua Yao, Catherine P Nguyen, Marcus Y Chen, Joel Moss, Han Wen
We present a solution to meet an unmet clinical need of an in-situ "close look" at a pulmonary nodule or at the margins of a pulmonary cyst revealed by a primary (screening) chest CT while the patient is still in the scanner. We first evaluated options available on current whole-body CT scanners for high resolution screening scans, including ROI reconstruction of the primary scan data and HRCT, but found them to have insufficient SNR in lung tissue or discontinuous slice coverage. Within the capabilities of current clinical CT systems, we opted for the solution of a secondary, volume-of-interest (VOI) protocol where the radiation dose is focused into a short-beam axial scan at the z position of interest, combined with a small-FOV reconstruction at the xy position of interest...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782307/cutaneous-manifestations-of-tuberous-sclerosis
#10
Mirjana Bakić, Marina Ratković, Branka Gledović, Balsa Vujović, Danilo Radunović, Vera Babić, Vladimir Prelević
Dear Editor, Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is an autosomal dominant multisystem disease, which occurs due to genetically determined hyperplasia of ectodermal and mesodermal cells. Clinical manifestations present on the skin and in the nervous system, kidneys, heart, and other organs. Recent studies estimate the incidence of TS at 1/6000 to 1/10,000 live births, and a prevalence in the general population of approximately 1 in 20,000 (1). There are two different genetic loci responsible for TS: 9q34 (TSC1-hamartin) and 16p13...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780006/investigation-of-the-applicability-of-a-rapid-diagnosis-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-cystic-echinococcosis
#11
Sema Ertuğ, Serçin Özlem Çalışkan, Erdoğan Malatyalı, Hatice Ertabaklar
OBJECTIVE: Echinococcus granulosus, the etiological agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans and livestock, is a widely distributed zoonotic pathogen tapeworm. The infection is transmitted to humans by the ingestion of E. granulosus eggs released in the feces of definitive hosts such as dogs. The larval stage of the parasite develops a slowly enlarging cyst in the visceral organs, particularly in the liver and/or lung. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of an immunochromatographic test (ICT) for CE...
May 21, 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774298/cystic-echinococcosis-in-marketed-offal-of-sheep-in-basrah-iraq-abattoir-based-survey-and-a-probabilistic-model-estimation-of-the-direct-economic-losses-due-to-hydatid-cyst
#12
Mohanad F Abdulhameed, Ihab Habib, Suzan A Al-Azizz, Ian Robertson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a highly endemic parasitic zoonosis in Iraq with substantial impacts on livestock productivity and human health. The objectives of this study were to study the abattoir-based occurrence of CE in marketed offal of sheep in Basrah province, Iraq, and to estimate, using a probabilistic modelling approach, the direct economic losses due to hydatid cysts. Based on detailed visual meat inspection, results from an active abattoir survey in this study revealed detection of hydatid cysts in 7...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771992/first-description-of-echinococcus-ortleppi-and-cystic-echinococcosis-infection-status-in-chile
#13
Felipe Corrêa, Caroll Stoore, Pamina Horlacher, Mauricio Jiménez, Christian Hidalgo, Cristian A Alvarez Rojas, Guilherme Figueiredo Barros, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira, Marcela Hernández, Gonzalo Cabrera, Rodolfo Paredes
Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a parasitic disease caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.), is a worldwide zoonotic infection. Although endemic in Chile, information on the molecular characteristics of CE in livestock remains scarce. Therefore we aimed to describe the status of infection with E. granulosus s.l. in cattle from central Chile and also to contribute to the study of the molecular epidemiology of this parasite. According to our results, the prevalence of CE is 18.84% in cattle, similar to previous reports from Chile, suggesting that the prevalence in Santiago Metropolitan area has not changed in the last 30 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764481/a-total-pleural-covering-of-absorbable-cellulose-mesh-prevents-pneumothorax-recurrence-in-patients-with-birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome
#14
Teruaki Mizobuchi, Masatoshi Kurihara, Hiroki Ebana, Sumitaka Yamanaka, Hideyuki Kataoka, Shouichi Okamoto, Etsuko Kobayashi, Toshio Kumasaka, Kuniaki Seyama
BACKGROUND: Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) is a recently recognized inherited multiple cystic lung disease causing recurrent pneumothoraces. Similarly to the lesions in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), the pulmonary cysts are innumerable and widely dispersed and cannot all be removed. We recently described a total pleural covering (TPC) that covers the entire visceral pleura with oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) mesh. TPC successfully prevented the recurrence of pneumothorax in LAM patients...
May 15, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755812/is-bilateral-staged-muscle-sparing-thoracotomy-performed-within-1-week-for-lung-hydatid-cysts-safe-for-pediatric-patients
#15
Ömer Önal, Ömer Faruk Demir
OBJECTIVES: Median sternotomy or staged thoracotomies are generally the preferred surgical treatment options for bilateral lung hydatid cysts. According to literature, it is usually recommended to wait from 3 weeks to 3 months between bilateral staged thoracotomies. The aim of this study is to compare postoperative complications, hospitalization days and morbidity and mortality ratios between unilateral thoracotomy and bilateral staged thoracotomy groups and to evaluate the safety of performing bilateral staged thoracotomy within 1 week for lung hydatid cysts in pediatric patients...
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755083/-growth-process-of-cystic-lung-cancer-followed-with-computed-tomography-findings-over-5-years
#16
Yoshitaka Kasai, Kouichi Ito, Daiki Masuya, Sachie Kume, Sayaka Inoue, Yuichiro Suzuki
An estimated 2~16% of primary lung cancers form cavities with cases that form thin-walled cavities being comparatively rare. We treated a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung with a small cystic shadow that showed no changes for 3 years. The cyst then suddenly grew larger, after which the cyst wall thickened over time and a thin-walled cavity was seen. Here we report this important case showing the development process of lung cancer that formed a thin-walled cavity, together with a discussion of the literature...
May 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750934/lung-hydatid-cyst-treatment-with-laparotomy-a-new-and-different-technique
#17
Yener Aydin, Ilker Ince, Atila Turkyilmaz, Atilla Eroglu
We present the case of a patient with a pulmonary hydatid cyst. The patient underwent laparotomy for hepatic and splenic cysts, and we performed cystotomy and capitonnage using a transdiaphragmatic intervention. The pulmonary hydatid cyst was located at the base of the lung and near the diaphragm. The diaphragm was cut about 5 cm at the front and the thorax was entered.The pulmonary cyst was treated intra-abdominally. This technique is effective and safe and prevents the patient from undergoing a second operation...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740120/the-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-follicular-bronchiolitis-in-chinese-adult-patients
#18
Ju Lu, Miao Ma, Qi Zhao, Fanqing Meng, Dongmei Wang, Hourong Cai, Mengshu Cao
Follicular bronchiolitis (FB) is a rare interstitial lung disease (ILD) and has been reported in diverse clinical contexts. Six FB patients demonstrated by surgical lung biopsy (SLB) were reviewed between 2009 and 2017 from Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital in China. The average age of subjects was 42 years old (range: 31-55 years). The clinical symptoms were very mild. The laboratory findings showed elevated Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serum globulin and anemia. Pulmonary function tests were normal in four cases...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739412/immunohistological-features-related-to-functional-impairment-in-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#19
Ellen Caroline Toledo do Nascimento, Bruno Guedes Baldi, Alessandro Wasum Mariani, Raquel Annoni, Ronaldo Adib Kairalla, Suzana Pinheiro Pimenta, Luiz Fernando Ferraz da Silva, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho, Marisa Dolhnikoff
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a low-grade neoplasm characterized by the pulmonary infiltration of smooth muscle-like cells (LAM cells) and cystic destruction. Patients usually present with airway obstruction in pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Previous studies have shown correlations among histological parameters, lung function abnormalities and prognosis in LAM. We investigated the lung tissue expression of proteins related to the mTOR pathway, angiogenesis and enzymatic activity and its correlation with functional parameters in LAM patients...
May 8, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736732/prevalence-and-genotyping-of-echinococcus-granulosus-in-sheep-in-narok-county-kenya
#20
D O Odongo, C M Tiampati, E Mulinge, C K Mbae, R P Bishop, E Zeyhle, J Magambo, M Wasserman, P Kern, T Romig
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus species (sensu lato, s.l.). In East Africa, several species/strains occur in livestock, wildlife, and humans, but there is limited information on frequencies of infection by different genotypes in the various mammalian hosts. We have obtained data on E. granulosus infection prevalence in sheep sampled from abattoirs in Narok County, southern Kenya. We inspected carcasses for the presence of hydatid cysts in 180 sheep randomly selected in five sub-locations...
May 8, 2018: Parasitology Research
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