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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820423/-risk-factors-and-special-aspects-forgenital-tuberculosis-diagnostics
#1
G Lortkipanidze, N Kintraia, K Vacharadze, F Tsaava
Was examined 453 women, who applied to National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases for genital tuberculosis diagnostics. GTB was detected in 289 cases, in 164 cases GTB results was negative (control group). In 10 cases GTB was combined with pulmonary tuberculosis (OR-1,13). Risk factors are previous diseases of female reproductive organs- intracellular infection (OR-1,08), sexually transmitted diseases (OR-1,25), nonspecific inflammatory diseases (OR-1,009), interruption of pregnancy (OR-1,26), artificial abortions (OR-1,11), the most specific signs of Genital Tuberculosis is a pain in the stomach area (P-0,023), dysmenorrhoea (P-0,00001), intestinal obstruction (P-0,0006), heat (P-0,00001), liquid presence in posterior vault (P-0,007), hydrosalpinx (P-0,00001), Fallopian tubes deformation (P-0,000003), oophoritic cyst (P-0,067), adhesive process in small pelvis (P-0,0006)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794366/regression-of-crizotinib-associated-complex-cystic-lesions-after-switching-to-alectinib
#2
Kageaki Taima, Hisashi Tanaka, Yoshihito Tanaka, Masamichi Itoga, Shingo Takanashi, Sadatomo Tasaka
Crizotinib, which is effective in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive non-small cell lung cancer, is sometimes associated with the generation of complex renal cysts. A 56-year-old man with ALK positive adenocarcinoma received crizotinib. Ten months after the introduction of crizotinib, a cystic lesion developed from his right kidney to the iliopsoas muscle, accompanied by fever, anemia, and hypoproteinemia. After 17 months of treatment, crizotinib was switched to alectinib, followed by the recovery of hypoproteinemia and systemic inflammation...
August 10, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764180/high-grade-serous-cystadenocarcinoma-of-testis-case-report-of-a-rare-ovarian-epithelial-type-tumour
#3
Sithara Aravind, Sangeetha K Nayanar, R Varadharajaperumal, T V Satheeshbabu, Satheesan Balasubramanian
Ovarian epithelial type tumour of testis are extremely rare tumours that resemble ovarian surface epithelial tumours. They usually present as testicular or paratesticular tumours and can be serous, mucinous, endometrioid or Brenner tumour. Serous and mucinous types account for the majority of tumours. The tumours are benign, borderline or malignant, commonly borderline. Here, we report a case of high grade serous cyst adenocarcinoma of testis which manifested as extensive metastasis in supraclavicular, mediastinal and abdominopelvic groups of lymph nodes, lung and adrenal gland without clinical evidence of an overt primary tumour...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761493/gluteal-hydatid-cyst-report-of-a-case-from-iran
#4
Behzad Nemati Hona, Farbod Emami Yeganeh
Hydatid cyst involves both hard and soft tissues even without the evidence of the disease in liver or lungs; however, this manifestation is very rare, particularly in musculoskeletal regions). The current report describes a case with primary diagnose of cystic gluteal swelling leading to diagnose of hydatid cyst after surgical exploration in an 80-yr-old woman the Surgical Outpatient Department, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. During surgery, the cavity was washed by silver nitrate and the cyst content was appropriately evacuated...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761474/cystic-echinococcosis-a-rare-case-of-brain-localization
#5
Ali Baradan Bagheri, Mohammad Zibaei, Mehdi Tayebi Arasteh
Although Hydatid disease eradicated in many countries, it is still widespread in communities where agriculture is dominant. Cystic hydatidosis is significant public health problem in the regions with endemic echinococcosis. The hydatid cysts tend to form mostly in the liver or lung. Brain involvement is very rare. In the present report, we describe magnetic resonance imaging findings in an 18-yr-old male with cerebral echinococcosis, in Shahid Madani Hospital, Karaj, Iran in 2015. The patient, presented with headache, hemiparesis, impairment of speech, vomiting, and nausea...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761236/primary-renal-echinococcosis
#6
Vishal V Ramteke, Nishant S Deshpande, Manish R Balwani, Charulata P Bawankule
Echinococcosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stage of a cestode Echinococcus granulosus and is endemic in sheep farming regions of developing countries. It manifests as hydatid cyst and most commonly is found in liver followed by lungs. Renal hydatid cyst is rare and amounts for 2% of all cases. There are no specific clinical manifestations, and hence diagnosis of renal hydatid disease is missed out easily without imaging. We report a case of 50-year-old female who had 6 months history of lower abdominal pain with hematuria, found to have right renal hydatid cyst on imaging which was treated with right nephrectomy with pre- and post-operative albendazole treatment...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759391/case-report-of-a-hypobaric-chamber-fitness-to-fly-test-in-a-child-with-severe-cystic-lung-disease
#7
Sarah Loo, Andrew Campbell, Julian Vyas, Naveen Pillarisetti
Patients with severe cystic lung disease are considered to be at risk for cyst rupture during air travel because of the possibility of increase in cyst size and impaired equilibration of pressure between the cysts and other parts of the lung. This may have clinically devastating consequences for the patient but may also result in significant costs for emergency alteration of flight schedule. We report the use of a hypobaric chamber to simulate cabin pressure changes encountered on a commercial flight to assess the safety to fly of a child with severe cystic lung disease secondary to Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758345/does-the-computed-tomographic-appearance-of-the-lung-differ-between-young-and-old-dogs
#8
Natasha L Hornby, Christopher R Lamb
In computed tomographic (CT) images of humans, decreased lung attenuation, bronchial dilation, and/or thickening, air trapping, cysts, and thickened interlobular septa have been associated with increasing age. To determine if there are differences in the CT appearance of the lungs of young and old dogs that could affect interpretation of diagnostic studies, pulmonary CT images of dogs with conditions unrelated to the thorax were reviewed retrospectively in a case-control study. Computed tomography studies of 42 young dogs (range 0...
July 30, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757838/anesthetic-management-for-lobectomy-of-a-2-month-old-infant-with-bronchogenic-cyst-case-report-along-with-review-of-literature
#9
T Bansal, S Kiran, K Kamal, N Bangarwa
Bronchogenic cyst, a benign congenital cystic lesion of the lung, is a rare cause of respiratory distress in children comprising 7.5% of all mediastinal masses. A thorough preoperative evaluation is crucial to plan for definitive intra- and post-operative management. All patients should be thoroughly evaluated for the presence of compression, deviation or distortion of airways and great veins. The easiest means of providing one lung ventilation in pediatrics is to intubate the main stem bronchus of the nonoperated lung...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754885/computed-tomography-ct-findings-of-pulmonary-hydatid-cysts-in-children-and-the-factors-related-to-cyst-rupture
#10
Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Serdar Onat
BACKGROUND The lungs are the most common site of hydatid cysts in children. Rupture is the main complication of cysts causing morbidity and mortality. In this study we aimed to comprehensively describe the CT signs for cysts and analyze the relationship of cyst ruptures to the diameter and location of cyst. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 145 cysts from 102 patients, aged 17 years or younger, who underwent a multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) evaluation and had surgically proven pulmonary hydatid disease were included retrospectively...
July 29, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746448/fatal-toxoplasmosis-in-an-immunosuppressed-domestic-cat-from-brazil-caused-by-toxoplasma-gondii-clonal-type-i
#11
Hilda Fátima de Jesus Pena, Camila Mariellen Evangelista, Renata Assis Casagrande, Giovana Biezus, Claudia Salete Wisser, Paulo Eduardo Ferian, Anderson Barbosa de Moura, Veronica Machado Rolim, David Driemeier, Solange Oliveira, Bruna Farias Alves, Solange Maria Gennari, Sandra Davi Traverso
The objective of the study was to report on a fatal case of feline toxoplasmosis with coinfection with the feline leukemia virus (FeLV). A domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) presented intense dyspnea and died three days later. In the necropsy, the lungs were firm, without collapse and with many white areas; moderate lymphadenomegaly and splenomegaly were also observed. The histopathological examination showed severe necrotic interstitial bronchopneumonia and mild necrotic hepatitis, associated with intralesional cysts and tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii that were positive by anti-T...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725269/musculoskeletal-echinococcus-infection-as-a-rare-first-presentation-of-hydatid-disease-case-report
#12
A Marzouki, A Naam, S Abdulrazak, B Soumaré, K Lahrach, F Boutayeb
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease (HD) is a cosmopolitan parasitosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus that can potentially affect any part of the human body. Liver and lungs are the most frequent localizations. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We deem interesting to report a case of a primary hydatid cyst in a 25-year-old patient who presented with a painful swelling of the right elbow...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723769/overlooked-diagnosis-of-infected-paratracheal-air-cysts-in-patients-with-respiratory-symptoms-case-report
#13
Kyungsoo Bae, Kyung N Jeon, Mi J Park, Seung J Lee, Ho C Kim, Seung I Cha, Joung H Byun, Jong W Kim
RATIONALE: Infected paratracheal air cysts as the focus of respiratory symptoms can be overlooked in practice because of nonspecific symptoms and physician's scant knowledge for this entity. We report 2 cases of infected paratracheal air cyst diagnosed at chest computed tomography (CT) and bronchoscopy/endobronchial ultrasound. PATIENT CONCERN: Two patients visited our hospital with respiratory symptoms, including cough, sputum, and fever. DIAGNOSES: Chest CT showed paratracheal cystic lesions with air-fluid level in the thoracic inlet...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721526/genetic-characterization-of-human-hydatid-cysts-shows-coinfection-by-echinococcus-canadensis-g7-and-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-g1-in-argentina
#14
María Florencia Debiaggi, Silvia Viviana Soriano, Nora Beatriz Pierangeli, Lorena Evelina Lazzarini, Luis Alfredo Pianciola, Melina Leonor Mazzeo, Sergio Moguillansky, Juan Angel Basualdo Farjat
Human cystic echinococcosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is a highly endemic disease in the province of Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina. Human infections with E. granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) G1 and Echinococcus canadensis G6 were reported in Neuquén in previous studies, whereas four genotypes were identified in livestock: G1, G3, G6, and G7. The aim of this study was to identify the genotypes of E. granulosus s.l. isolates from humans of Neuquén province, Patagonia, Argentina, through the 2005-2014 period...
July 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700426/coexisting-primary-ovarian-and-omental-hydatid-disease-mimicking-an-ovarian-neoplasm-a-case-report
#15
Emre E Tas, Gulin F Yegin Akcay, Fatma Yildirim, Filiz Yavuz
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection that most commonly affects the liver and lungs, although the disease can arise in any part of the body. Cysts may mimic many benign and malignant conditions. The diagnosis cannot be confirmed preoperatively in all cases. A 44-yr-old menopausal woman was admitted to the department of gynecology with complaints of abdominal distention. A fixed abdominopelvic mass was identified. Radiology revealed a 20-cm mass with branched septations and solid components. CA-125 level was 55 kU/L, and Risk of Malignancy Index-2 score was 880...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695838/ruptured-pulmonary-cystic-echinococcosis-mimicking-tuberculosis-in-childhood-a-case-report
#16
Elif Ünver Korğalı, Meriç Kaymak Cihan, Özgür Ceylan, Melih Kaptanoğlu
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease; in places such as Turkey where livestock is common, it is an endemic health concern. The most commonly involved organ is the lungs in children. Pulmonary cysts can be asymptomatic; in some cases, they may rupture and become symptomatic. Ruptured lung hydatid cysts may often be confused with tuberculosis (Tbc) radiologically and clinically. . In this report, we present an 8-year-old female patient admitted with cough, fever, and sputum persisting since 2 weeks; her chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) findings initially indicated Tbc, but the follow-up surgery led to a diagnosis of ruptured lung CE...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695430/birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome-a-review-of-dermatological-manifestations-and-other-symptoms
#17
REVIEW
Yun Tong, Jeremy A Schneider, Alvin B Coda, Tissa R Hata, Philip R Cohen
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis with malignant potential characterized by cutaneous and extracutaneous stigmata. Aberrations in the folliculin (FLCN) gene, which is located on chromosome 17, have been discovered in individuals with this condition. Over 150 unique mutations have been identified in BHD. The skin lesions associated with this condition include fibrofolliculomas, trichodiscomas, perifollicular fibromas, and acrochordons. Extracutaneous features of the syndrome typically include the lung (spontaneous pneumothorax and cysts) and the kidney (neoplasms)...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694603/hydatid-disease-of-the-spine-a-rare-case
#18
Mona Agnihotri, Naina Goel, Asha Shenoy, Survendra Rai, Atul Goel
Hydatid disease or hydatidosis is the most widespread zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Liver and lungs are the most common sites. Bone involvement is rare and reported in 0.5%-4% with spinal involvement reported in 50% of these cases. We present a case of spinal hydatidosis in a 35-year-old male presenting with lower extremity weakness and numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine showed multiple cystic lesions at the T9-T11 level with involvement of the paraspinal muscles. The lesion was seen intraspinal, intradural, intramedullary, and epidural...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690992/diabetes-mellitus-due-to-agenesis-of-the-dorsal-pancreas-in-a-patient-with-heterotaxy-syndrome
#19
Jo Eun Jung, Jin Ho Hur, Mo Kyung Jung, Ahreum Kwon, Hyun Wook Chae, Duk Hee Kim, Ho-Seong Kim
Heterotaxy syndrome (HS) is a congenital disorder resulting from an abnormal arrangement of visceral organs across the normal left-right axis in the embryonic period. HS is usually associated with multiple anomalies, including defects of the major cardiovascular system and the extracardiovascular system such as intestinal malrotation, abnormal lung lobulation, bronchus anomalies, and pancreatic dysplasia. Although pancreatic dysplasia is occasionally accompanied with HS, the occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) due to pancreatic dysplasia in HS is rarely reported...
June 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690286/a-case-of-recurrent-pneumothorax-associated-with-birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome-treated-with-bilateral-simultaneous-surgery-and-total-pleural-covering
#20
Kyoshiro Takegahara, Naoyuki Yoshino, Jitsuo Usuda
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by a triad of skin tumors, renal tumors, and multiple pulmonary cysts. Our patient was a 40-year-old man with a history of recurrent bilateral pneumothorax and a family history of pneumothorax. The patient visited our department with chest pain and was diagnosed with left pneumothorax based on a chest X-ray. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) showed multiple cysts in both lungs. We performed thoracoscopic bilateral bullectomy with curative intent...
July 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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