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NAD AND Quinone

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529598/biological-interaction-of-cigarette-smoking-on-the-association-between-genetic-polymorphisms-involved-in-inflammation-and-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-a-case-control-study-in-japan
#1
Yuzo Yamamoto, Chikako Kiyohara, Saiko Suetsugu-Ogata, Naoki Hamada, Yoichi Nakanishi
Chronic inflammation serves an important role in lung carcinogenesis, thus genetic polymorphisms involved in this pathway may affect the risk of lung cancer. The present case-control study focused on the association between lung cancer risk and genetic polymorphisms involved in inflammatory pathways. The study comprised 462 lung cancer cases and 379 controls from Japan. The roles of interleukin 8 (IL8) rs4073, nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) rs28362491, cytochrome b-245, alpha polypeptide (CYBA) rs4673, NAD(P) H dehydrogenase, quinone 1 (NQO1) rs1800566, nitric oxide synthase 2 and inducible (NOS2) rs2297518 polymorphisms in lung carcinogenesis were investigated...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513573/nrf2-inhibits-periodontal-ligament-stem-cell-apoptosis-under-excessive-oxidative-stress
#2
Yanli Liu, Hongxu Yang, Yi Wen, Bingyi Li, Yinhua Zhao, Jing Xing, Min Zhang, Yongjin Chen
The present study aimed to analyze novel mechanisms underlying Nrf2-mediated anti-apoptosis in periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) in the periodontitis oxidative microenvironment. We created an oxidative stress model with H₂O₂-treated PDLSCs. We used real-time PCR, Western blotting, TUNEL staining, fluorogenic assay and transfer genetics to confirm the degree of oxidative stress and apoptosis as well as the function of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). We demonstrated that with upregulated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA), the effect of oxidative stress was obvious under H₂O₂ treatment...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503967/cytotoxic-and-cytoprotective-effects-of-tryptamine-4-5-dione-on-neuronal-cells-a-double-edged-sword
#3
Naoko Suga, Akira Murakami, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Akari Ishisaka, Noritoshi Kitamoto, Mikiko Ito, Yoji Kato
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) is a putative substrate for myeloperoxidase, which may convert it into the reactive quinone tryptamine-4,5-dione (TD). In this study, we found that the viability of human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with 25 µM TD was increased to approximately 117%. On the other hand, the cell viability was significantly decreased by exposure to TD (150-200 μM), with an increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Interestingly, pretreatment of SH-SY5Y cells with 100 μM TD prevented cell death and suppressed intracellular ROS generation evoked by the addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)...
May 14, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503686/mesoporous-nanocarriers-with-a-stimulus-responsive-cyclodextrin-gatekeeper-for-targeting-tumor-hypoxia
#4
Jeonghun Lee, Eun-Taex Oh, Haerry Yoon, Chan Woo Kim, Yeji Han, Jaehun Song, Hyunil Jang, Heon Joo Park, Chulhee Kim
Tissue hypoxia developed in most malignant tumors makes a significant difference to normal tissues in the reduction potential and the activity of various bioreductive enzymes. Given the superior enzymatic activity of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1, a cytosolic reductase up-regulated in many human cancers) in hypoxia relative to that in normoxia, NQO1 has great potential for targeting hypoxic tumor cells. In the present report, the core concept of hypoxic NQO1-responsive mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) is based on the reasoning that the superior enzymatic activity of NQO1 within hypoxic cancer cells can be utilized as a key stimulus for the selective cleavage of an azobenzene stalk triggering the on-off gatekeeping for controlled release of guest drugs...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499769/structure-biochemical-and-kinetic-properties-of-recombinant-pst2p-from-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-a-fmn-dependent-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase
#5
Karin Koch, Altijana Hromic, Marija Sorokina, Emilia Strandback, Manuel Reisinger, Karl Gruber, Peter Macheroux
The genome of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes four flavodoxin-like proteins, namely Lot6p, Pst2p, Rfs1p and Ycp4p. Thus far only Lot6p was characterized in detail demonstrating that the enzyme possesses NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase activity. In the present study, we heterologously expressed PST2 in Escherichia coli and purified the produced protein to conduct a detailed biochemical and structural characterization. Determination of the three-dimensional structure by X-ray crystallography revealed that Pst2p adopts the flavodoxin-like fold and forms tetramers independent of cofactor binding...
May 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498799/dietary-luteolin-attenuates-chronic-liver-injury-induced-by-mercuric-chloride-via-the-nrf2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p53-signaling-pathway-in-rats
#6
Haili Zhang, Xiao Tan, Daqian Yang, Jingjing Lu, Biying Liu, Ruiqi Baiyun, Zhigang Zhang
Mercury exposure is a common cause of metal poisoning which is biotransformed to highly toxic metabolites thus eliciting biochemical alterations and oxidative stress. Luteolin, a phenolic compound found in many natural products, has multiple biological functions. Our study was aimed to explore the biological effects of luteolin in a liver injury model induced in rats by mercuric chloride (HgCl2). Criteria for injury included liver enzyme, glutathione and malondialdehyde levels, histopathology, TUNEL assay, hepatocyte viability and reactive oxygen species levels...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498397/dihydroartemisinin-inhibits-the-viability-of-cervical-cancer-cells-by-upregulating-caveolin%C3%A2-1-and-mitochondrial-carrier-homolog%C3%A2-2-involvement-of-p53-activation-and-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase%C3%A2-1-downregulation
#7
Ting Zhang, Yuan Hu, Ting Wang, Peiling Cai
Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) has been shown to inhibit the viability of various cancer cells. Previous studies have revealed that the mechanisms involved in the inhibitory effects of DHA are based on theactivation of p53 and the mitochondrial-related cell death pathway. However, the exact association between upstream signaling and the activation of cell death pathway remains unclear. In this study, we found that DHA treatment induced the upregulation of caveolin 1 (Cav1) and mitochondrial carrier homolog 2 (MTCH2) in HeLa cells, and this was associated with the DHA-induced inhibition of cell viability and DHA-induced apoptosis...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487966/oligomeric-proanthocyanidins-protects-a549-cells-against-h2o2-induced-oxidative-stress-via-the-nrf2-are-pathway
#8
Chao Sun, Weiguo Jin, Hongcan Shi
Oxidative signaling and oxidative stress contribute to aging, cancer and diseases resulting from lung fibrosis. In this study, we explored the anti-oxidative potential of oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs), natural flavonoid compounds. We examined the protective effects of OPCs against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress in non-small cell lung cancer cells (A549). We demonstrated that OPC markedly attenuated H2O2-induced A549 cell viability, as shown by by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
June 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467362/glutathione-as-a-redox-biomarker-in-mitochondrial-disease-implications-for-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Gregory M Enns, Tina M Cowan
Technical advances in the ability to measure mitochondrial dysfunction are providing new insights into mitochondrial disease pathogenesis, along with new tools to objectively evaluate the clinical status of mitochondrial disease patients. Glutathione (l-ϒ-glutamyl-l-cysteinylglycine) is the most abundant intracellular thiol, and the intracellular redox state, as reflected by levels of oxidized (GSSG) and reduced (GSH) glutathione, as well as the GSH/GSSG ratio, is considered to be an important indication of cellular health...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455582/glutathione-s-transferases-deletions-may-act-as-prognosis-and-therapeutic-markers-in-breast-cancer
#10
Clodoaldo Zago Campos, Roberta Losi Guembarovski, Carlos Eduardo Coral de Oliveira, Bruna Karina Banin Hirata, Glauco Akelinghton Freire Vitiello, Flávia Luísa Dias, Carlos Hiroji Hiroki, Maria Angelica Ehara Watanabe, Tânia Longo Mazzuco
Breast cancer (BC) is the main worldwide neoplasia in women. The metabolic balance between xenobiotic absorption and elimination rates plays an important role in preventing DNA damage and, consequently, tumor development. The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), such as GSTM1 and GSTT1, and the NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase are important enzymes involved in phase II detoxification reactions. Deletions in GSTM1 and GSTT1, and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in NQO1 (rs1800655) have been investigated in cancer context, revealing conflicting results...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450126/flavonolignan-2-3-dehydrosilydianin-activates-nrf2-and-upregulates-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-in-hepa1c1c7-cells
#11
Lenka Roubalová, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova, David Biedermann, Vladimír Křen, Jitka Ulrichová, Jiří Vrba
Silybum marianum (milk thistle) is a medicinal plant used for the treatment of various liver disorders. This study examined whether the main flavonolignans from S. marianum (i.e. silybin, silychristin, silydianin) and their 2,3-dehydro derivatives (i.e. 2,3-dehydrosilybin, 2,3-dehydrosilychristin, 2,3-dehydrosilydianin) activate the Nrf2 pathway, which regulates the expression of genes encoding many cytoprotective enzymes, including NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). After 48h of exposure, 2,3-dehydrosilydianin at concentrations of 25μM and higher significantly elevated the activity of NQO1 in murine hepatoma Hepa1c1c7 cells...
April 24, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448872/curcumin-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-d-galactosamine-induced-acute-liver-injury-by-activating-nrf2-nuclear-translocation-and-inhibiting-nf-kb-activation
#12
Yi-Lian Xie, Jin-Guo Chu, Xiao-Min Jian, Jin-Zhong Dong, Li-Ping Wang, Guo-Xiang Li, Nai-Bin Yang
Curcumin, a polyphenol in curry spice isolated from the rhizome of turmeric, has been reported to possess versatile biological properties including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, antifibrotic, and anticancer activities. In this study, the hepatoprotective effect of curcumin was investigated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/d-galactosamine (d-GalN)-induced acute liver injury (ALI) in rats. Experimental ALI was induced with an intraperitoneal (ip) injection of sterile 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) solution containing 8μg LPS and 800mg/kg d-GalN...
April 24, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440735/nuclear-factor-e2-related-factor-2-knockdown-enhances-glucose-uptake-and-alters-glucose-metabolism-in-aml12-hepatocytes
#13
Xiaoyang Yuan, Huijing Huang, Yi Huang, Jinli Wang, Jinhua Yan, Ling Ding, Cuntai Zhang, Le Zhang
Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor known to induce the expression of a variety of antioxidant and detoxification genes. Recently, increasing evidence has revealed roles for Nrf2 in glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism; however, the exact functions of Nrf2 in hepatocyte biology are largely unclear. In the current study, the transient knockdown of Nrf2 via siRNA transfection enhanced the glucose uptake of fasting AML12 hepatocytes to 325.3 ± 11.1% ( P < 0.05) of that of untransfected control cells...
May 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432984/cigarette-smoke-extract-counteracts-atheroprotective-effects-of-high-laminar-flow-on-endothelial-function
#14
Sindy Giebe, Natalia Cockcroft, Katherine Hewitt, Melanie Brux, Anja Hofmann, Henning Morawietz, Coy Brunssen
Tobacco smoking and hemodynamic forces are key stimuli in the development of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. High laminar flow has an atheroprotective effect on the endothelium and leads to a reduced response of endothelial cells to cardiovascular risk factors compared to regions with disturbed or low laminar flow. We hypothesize that the atheroprotective effect of high laminar flow could delay the development of endothelial dysfunction caused by cigarette smoking. Primary human endothelial cells were stimulated with increasing dosages of aqueous cigarette smoke extract (CSEaq)...
April 7, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416455/protection-from-cr-vi-induced-malignant-cell-transformation-and-tumorigenesis-of-cr-vi-transformed-cells-by-luteolin-through-nrf2-signaling
#15
Young-Ok Son, Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Yuting Wang, Donghern Kim, Zhuo Zhang, Xianglin Shi
Cr(VI) is a well known environmental carcinogen, but its mechanism of action and the measures required to mitigate its effects remain to be investigated. Our previous studies showed that exposure of human bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B) cells to Cr(VI) caused malignant transformation, that these transformed cells progressed through tumorigenesis, and that luteolin, a natural compound, inhibited both of these processes. The present study investigates the underlying mechanisms by which luteolin protects cells against Cr(VI)-induced transformation and tumorigenesis...
April 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399854/improved-n-butanol-production-via-co-expression-of-membrane-targeted-tilapia-metallothionein-and-the-clostridial-metabolic-pathway-in-escherichia-coli
#16
Wei-Chih Chin, Kuo-Hsing Lin, Chun-Chi Liu, Kenji Tsuge, Chieh-Chen Huang
BACKGROUND: N-Butanol has favorable characteristics for use as either an alternative fuel or platform chemical. Bio-based n-butanol production using microbes is an emerging technology that requires further development. Although bio-industrial microbes such as Escherichia coli have been engineered to produce n-butanol, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated toxicity may limit productivity. Previously, we show that outer-membrane-targeted tilapia metallothionein (OmpC-TMT) is more effective as an ROS scavenger than human and mouse metallothioneins to reduce oxidative stress in the host cell...
April 11, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395199/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-nqo1-targeted-oridonin-prodrugs-possessing-indolequinone-moiety-for-hypoxia-selective-activation
#17
Shengtao Xu, Hong Yao, Lingling Pei, Mei Hu, Dahong Li, Yangyi Qiu, Guangyu Wang, Liang Wu, Hequan Yao, Zheying Zhu, Jinyi Xu
The enzyme NQO1 is a potential target for selective cancer therapy due to its overexpression in certain hypoxic tumors. A series of prodrugs possessing a variety of cytotoxic diterpenoids (oridonin and its analogues) as the leaving groups activated by NQO1 were synthesized by functionalization of 3-(hydroxymethyl)indolequinone, which is a good substrate of NQO1. The target compounds (29a-m) exhibited relatively higher antiproliferative activities against NQO1-rich human colon carcinoma cells (HT-29) and human lung carcinoma (A549) cells (IC50 = 0...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390311/metformin-mitigates-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad3-signaling-and-liver-fibrosis-in-mice
#18
Kerui Fan, Kejia Wu, Ling Lin, Pu Ge, Jie Dai, Xiaojiao He, Kai Hu, Li Zhang
Increasing evidence suggests that the widely used antidiabetic drug metformin have an extensive therapeutic range beyond hypoglycemic therapy. We previously found that metformin significantly attenuated acute hepatitis. The present study investigated the potential effects of metformin on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis in mice. The results indicated that treatment with metformin suppressed CCl4-induced elevation of liver index, formation of fibrotic septa, accumulation of connective tissue and upregulation of collagen I...
June 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389405/delayed-nrf2-regulated-antioxidant-gene-induction-in-response-to-silica-nanoparticles
#19
Hongqiao Zhang, Lulu Zhou, Jenay Yuen, Nancy Birkner, Valerie Leppert, Peggy A O'Day, Henry Jay Forman
Silica nanoparticles with iron on their surface cause the production of oxidants and stimulate an inflammatory response in macrophages. Nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2 - like factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling and its regulated antioxidant genes play critical roles in maintaining redox homeostasis. In this study we investigated the regulation of four representative Nrf2-regulated antioxidant genes; i.e., glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) catalytic subunit (GCLC), GCL modifier subunit (GCLM), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO-1), by iron-coated silica nanoparticles (SiO2-Fe) in human THP-1 macrophages...
April 4, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386312/alleviation-of-oxidative-damage-and-involvement-of-nrf2-are-pathway-in-mesodopaminergic-system-and-hippocampus-of-status-epilepticus-rats-pretreated-by-intranasal-pentoxifylline
#20
Yunxiao Kang, Wensheng Yan, Hui Fang, Guoliang Zhang, Yakun Du, Lei Wang, Huixian Cui, Geming Shi
The current studies were aimed at evaluating the efficacy of intranasal pentoxifylline (Ptx) pretreatment in protecting mesodopaminergic system and hippocampus from oxidative damage of lithium-pilocarpine induced status epilepticus (SE) and the involvement of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2- (Nrf2-) antioxidant response elements pathway. Pentoxifylline was administered to rats intranasally or intraperitoneally 30 minutes before inducing SE. Our results showed the impaired visuospatial memory, the defected mesodopaminergic system, and the oxidative damage and the transient activation of Nrf2 in SE rats...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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