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NAD AND Quinone

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332274/callitriche-cophocarpa-water-starwort-proteome-under-chromate-stress-evidence-for-induction-of-a-quinone-reductase
#1
Paweł Kaszycki, Aleksandra Dubicka-Lisowska, Joanna Augustynowicz, Barbara Piwowarczyk, Wojciech Wesołowski
Chromate-induced physiological stress in a water-submerged macrophyte Callitriche cophocarpa Sendtn. (water starwort) was tested at the proteomic level. The oxidative stress status of the plant treated with 1 mM Cr(VI) for 3 days revealed stimulation of peroxidases whereas catalase and superoxide dismutase activities were similar to the control levels. Employing two-dimensional electrophoresis, comparative proteomics enabled to detect five differentiating proteins subjected to identification with mass spectrometry followed by an NCBI database search...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325897/an-improved-cell-permeable-fluorogenic-substrate-as-the-basis-for-a-highly-sensitive-test-for-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-nqo1-in-living-cells
#2
Simone Cuff, Ruth D Lewis, Edwin Chinje, Mohammed Jaffar, Richard Knox, Ian Weeks
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is a flavoenzyme upregulated in response to oxidative stress and in some cancers. Its upregulation by compounds has been used as an indicator of their potential anti-cancer properties. In this study we have designed, produced and tested a fluorogenic coumarin conjugate which selectively releases highly fluorescent 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) in the presence of NQO1. It was found that measuring 4-MU release rapidly and specifically quantitated NQO1 levels in vitro and in live cells...
January 8, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323165/biotransformation-and-tissue-distribution-of-protopine-and-allocryptopine-and-effects-of-plume-poppy-total-alkaloid-on-liver-drug-metabolizing-enzymes
#3
Ya-Jun Huang, Pi Cheng, Zhuo-Yi Zhang, Shi-Jie Tian, Zhi-Liang Sun, Jian-Guo Zeng, Zhao-Ying Liu
In this study, the biotransformation in the plasma, urine and feces of rats following oral administration of protopine (PRO) and allocryptopine (ALL)were explored using HPLC-QqTOF MS. An HPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of tissues was developed and applied to the tissue distribution study in rats following intragastric administration of Plume Poppy Total Alkaloid for 3 weeks. A total of ten PRO metabolites and ten ALL metabolites were characterized in rats in vivo. Among these metabolites, six PRO metabolites and five ALL metabolites were reported for the first time...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319808/intracellular-reduction-of-coenzyme-q-homologues-with-a-short-isoprenoid-side-chain-induces-apoptosis-of-hela-cells
#4
Takayuki Takahashi, Yukitoshi Mine, Tadashi Okamoto
Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is an essential factor of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. CoQ homologues with different lengths of the isoprenoid side chain are widely distributed in nature, but little is known about the relationship between the isoprenoid side chain length and biological function; therefore, we examined the effects of CoQ homologues on HeLa cells. When CoQ homologues with a shorter isoprenoid side chain than CoQ4 were added to HeLa cells, they induced cell death, and the order of cytotoxic intensity was as follows: CoQ0 ≫ CoQ3 ≈ CoQ1 > CoQ2 ≫ CoQ4...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318967/inter-individual-variability-in-activity-of-the-major-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-in-liver-homogenates-of-20-individuals
#5
J Chris Vos, Shalenie P den Braver-Sewradj, Michiel W den Braver, Marc van Dijk, Yongjie Zhang, Stefan J Dekker, Lukas Wijaya, Nico P E Vermeulen, Lysiane Richert, Jan N M Commandeur
BACKGROUND: Inter-individual variability in hepatic drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) activity is a major contributor to heterogeneity in drug clearance and safety. Accurate data on expression levels and activities of DMEs is an important prerequisite for in vitro-in vivo extrapolation and in silico based predictions. Characterization and assessment of inter-correlations of the major DMEs cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) have been extensively documented, but simultaneous quantification including other major DMEs has been lacking...
January 8, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298345/redox-modulation-of-nqo1
#6
David Siegel, Donna D Dehn, Samantha S Bokatzian, Kevin Quinn, Donald S Backos, Andrea Di Francesco, Michel Bernier, Nichole Reisdorph, Rafael de Cabo, David Ross
NQO1 is a FAD containing NAD(P)H-dependent oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reduction of quinones and related substrates. In cells, NQO1 participates in a number of binding interactions with other proteins and mRNA and these interactions may be influenced by the concentrations of reduced pyridine nucleotides. NAD(P)H can protect NQO1 from proteolytic digestion suggesting that binding of reduced pyridine nucleotides results in a change in NQO1 structure. We have used purified NQO1 to demonstrate the addition of NAD(P)H induces a change in the structure of NQO1; this results in the loss of immunoreactivity to antibodies that bind to the C-terminal domain and to helix 7 of the catalytic core domain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291405/enhanced-glycometabolism-as-a-mechanism-of-nqo1-potentiated-growth-of-nsclc-revealed-by-metabolomic-profiling
#7
Xuefang Cheng, Fang Liu, Huiying Liu, Guangji Wang, Haiping Hao
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), a cytoplasmic 2-electron reductase, has been considered as a potential poor prognostic biomarker and a promising therapeutic target for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) due to its frequent overexpression and significantly increased activity in NSCLC. Previous studies have shown that depleting tumor-NQO1 potentiates anoikis and inhibits growth of NSCLC. However, the underlying mechanisms whereby NQO1 potentiates proliferation have not been fully understood...
December 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285281/activation-of-nrf2-by-mind4-17-protects-osteoblasts-from-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress
#8
Shiguang Guo, Hao-Dong Fei, Feng Ji, Feng-Li Chen, Yue Xie, Shou-Guo Wang
MIND4-17 is a recently developed NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activator, which uniquely causes Nrf2 disassociation from Keap1. Here, we showed that pretreatment with MIND4-17 significantly inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced viability reduction of primary osteoblasts and OB-6 osteoblastic cells. Meanwhile, MIND4-17 inhibited both apoptotic and non-apoptotic osteoblast cell death by H2O2. MIND4-17 treatment induced Keap1-Nrf2 disassociation, causing Nrf2 stabilization, accumulation and nuclear translocation in osteoblasts, leading to transcription of several Nrf2-dependent genes, including heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase modifier subunit (GCLM) and catalytic subunit (GCLC)...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281794/reduction-and-scavenging-of-chemically-reactive-drug-metabolites-by-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-and-nrh-quinone-oxidoreductase-2-and-variability-in-hepatic-concentrations
#9
Shalenie P den Braver-Sewradj, Michiel W den Braver, Robin M Toorneman, Stephanie van Leeuwen, Yongjie Zhang, Stefan J Dekker, Nico P E Vermeulen, Jan N M Commandeur, J Chris Vos
Detoxicating enzymes NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) catalyze the two-electron reduction of quinone-like compounds. The protective role of the polymorphic NQO1 and NQO2 enzymes is especially of interest in the liver as the major site of drug bioactivation to chemically reactive drug metabolites. In the current study, we quantified the concentrations of NQO1 and NQO2 in 20 human liver donors and NQO1 and NQO2 activities with quinone-like drug metabolites. Hepatic NQO1 concentrations ranged from 8 to 213 nM...
December 27, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247614/mechanism-implicated-in-the-anti-allodynic-and-anti-hyperalgesic-effects-induced-by-the-activation-of-heme-oxygenase-1-carbon-monoxide-signaling-pathway-in-the-central-nervous-system-of-mice-with-neuropathic-pain
#10
Gabriela Riego, Alejandro Redondo, Sergi Leánez, Olga Pol
The administration of a carbon monoxide-releasing compound (tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II)dimer, CORM-2) or an heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) inductor (cobalt protoporphyrin IX, CoPP) exerts potent antinociceptive effects during chronic pain, but their actions in the central nervous system of animals with neuropathic pain have not been evaluated. Our objective is to investigate the effects of these treatments on the oxidative, inflammatory and molecular changes induced by sciatic nerve injury in several brain areas...
December 13, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243436/-effect-of-neoflavonoid-latifolin-isolated-from-dalbergia-odorifera-on-acute-myocardial-ischemia-in-rats-and-its-mechanism-of-nrf2-signaling-pathway
#11
Xue-Liang Li, Lan-Ying Chen, Zi-Yi Guan, Yao Luo, Ya-Ru Cui, Rong-Hua Liu, Feng Shao, Ding-Qing Wang
The present study was designed to evaluate the cardioprotective effect of latifolin on pituitrin(Pit) or isoproterenol(ISO)-induced myocardial injury in rats, and further investigate its underlying mechanisms. Rats were administrated sublingually with pituitrin or subcutaneously with isoproterenol to induce acute myocardial ischemia in rats, and lead II electrocardiograph was recorded. In rats with isoproterenol, ELISA assay or colorimetric method was used to detect the content or activity of myocardial injury markers in serum, and the SOD activity and MDA content in myocardium were detected by colorimetric assay; histopathological examination was conducted by HE staining; the frozen section of myocardial tissues was used for DCFH-DA fluorescent staining to detect the content of ROS in myocardium; Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of Nrf2, Keap1, HO-1 and NQO1 in myocardium...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225188/rosuvastatin-improves-myocardial-hypertrophy-after-hemodynamic-pressure-overload-via-regulating-the-crosstalk-of-nrf2-are-and-tgf-%C3%AE-smads-pathways-in-rat-heart
#12
Pengbo Wang, Lin Luo, Qiusheng Shen, Gaoyong Shi, Anaz Mohammed, Songshi Ni, Xiang Wu
Left ventricular hypertrophy is more commonly associated with hemodynamic overload imposed by hypertension or volume overload. Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is involved in the cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis of the left ventricle. The fact that TGF-β1 and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) both become up-regulated upon persistent vessel overload suggests that these two factors may virtually impact on their signaling pathways. In this research, 40 rats were divided into sham group, model group, rosuvastatin low and high dose group...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214717/bisphenol-a-is-an-exogenous-toxin-that-promotes-mitochondrial-injury-and-death-in-tubular-cells
#13
Enrique Bosch-Panadero, Sebastian Mas, Esther Civantos, Pedro Abaigar, Vanesa Camarero, Alberto Ruiz-Priego, Alberto Ortiz, Jesus Egido, Emilio González-Parra
BACKGROUND: Uremic toxins that accumulate in chronic kidney disease (CKD) contribute to CKD complications, such as CKD progression. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous environmental toxin, structurally related with p-cresol, that accumulates in CKD. Our aim was to characterize the nephrotoxic potential of BPA. Specifically, we addressed BPA toxicity over energy-demanding proximal tubular cells. METHODS: Cell death and oxidative stress were evaluated by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy in HK-2 human proximal tubular epithelial cells...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214656/screening-active-components-of-modified-xiaoyao-powder-as-nrf2-agonists
#14
Yujie Yang, Yanran Wang, Ting Wang, Xuehua Jiang, Ling Wang
Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) regulates antioxidant enzymes and phase II detoxifying enzymes, such as NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). Modified Xiaoyao powder (MXP) is most frequently used in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer in China. This study aimed to screen active components of MXP for antioxidant stress and chemoprevention, which depend on NRF2-NQO1 signalling pathway. A total of 25 monomeric compounds contained in MXP were screened using an antioxidant response element-luciferase reporter...
December 7, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204750/protective-effects-of-fisetin-against-6-ohda-induced-apoptosis-by-activation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling-in-human-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells
#15
Ryoko Watanabe, Takumi Kurose, Yuta Morishige, Ko Fujimori
6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are associated with various neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. 3,3',4',7-Tetrahydroxyflavone (fisetin), a plant flavonoid has a variety of physiological effects such as antioxidant activity. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the neuroprotective effects of fisetin against 6-OHDA-induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. 6-OHDA-mediated cell toxicity was reduced in a fisetin concentration-dependent manner...
December 4, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191105/curcumin-and-its-derivatives-inhibit-2-3-7-8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin-induced-expression-of-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-through-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-mediated-pathway
#16
Rika Nakai, Shun Fukuda, Masaya Kawase, Yoko Yamashita, Hitoshi Ashida
Certain dioxins, including 2,3,7,8,-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are exogenous ligands for an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and induces various drug-metabolizing enzymes. In this study, we examined the effect of curcumin on expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes through the AhR and NF-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathways. Curcumin dose-dependently inhibited TCDD-induced expression of phase I enzyme cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and phase II enzymes NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) but not tert-butyl hydroquinone-induced NQO1 and HO-1, suggesting that curcumin inhibited only AhR pathway, but not Nrf2 one directly...
December 1, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185343/pyrroloquinoline-quinone-a-redox-active-o-quinone-stimulates-mitochondrial-biogenesis-by-activating-sirt1-pgc-1%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#17
Kazuhiro Saihara, Ryosuke Kamikubo, Kazuto Ikemoto, Koji Uchida, Mitsugu Akagawa
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a redox-active o-quinone found in various foods and mammalian tissues, has received increasing attention in a number of health benefits due to its ability to enhance mitochondrial biogenesis. However, its underlying molecular mechanism remains incompletely understood. We have now established that the exposure of mouse NIH/3T3 fibroblasts to a physiologically relevant concentration of PQQ significantly stimulates the mitochondrial biogenesis. The exposure of NIH/3T3 cells to 10-100 nM PQQ for 48 h resulted in increased Mitotracker staining, the mitochondrial DNA content, and the mitochondrially-encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (MTCO1) protein...
November 29, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184765/the-novel-targets-of-dl-3-n-butylphthalide-predicted-by-similarity-ensemble-approach-in-combination-with-molecular-docking-study
#18
Yan Wang, Wei Qi, Li Zhang, Zhenguang Ying, Ou Sha, Chunman Li, Lanhai Lü, Xiangyan Chen, Zhenzhong Li, Feng Niu, Fang Xue, Dong Wang, Tzi-Bun Ng, Lihong Zhang
Background: DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) is a drug for treating acute ischemic stroke, and may play a neuroprotective role by acting on multiple active targets. The aim of this study was to predict the target proteins of NBP in mammalian cells. Methods: The similarity ensemble approach search tool (SEArch), one of the commonly used public bioinformatics tools for target prediction, was employed in the experiment. The molecular docking of NBP to target proteins was performed by using the three-dimensional (3-D) crystal structure, substrate free...
October 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180269/dysregulation-of-antioxidant-responses-in-patients-diagnosed-with-concomitant-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Colin T Shearn, David J Orlicky, Dennis R Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease that is characterized by severe peri-biliary tract inflammation and fibrosis, elevated oxidative stress and hepatocellular injury. A hallmark of PSC patients is the concurrent diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease occurring in approximately 70%-80% of PSC patients (PSC/IBD). The objective of this study was to determine the impact of end stage PSC/IBD on cellular antioxidant responses and the formation of protein carbonylation...
November 24, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176993/an-excess-dietary-vitamin-e-concentration-does-not-influence-nrf2-signaling-in-the-liver-of-rats-fed-either-soybean-oil-or-salmon-oil
#20
Klaus Eder, Marina Siebers, Erika Most, Susan Scheibe, Norbert Weissmann, Denise K Gessner
Background: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to stimulate the activation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), the key regulator of the antioxidant and cytoprotective defense system in the body. The hypothesis underlying this study was that high dietary concentrations of vitamin E suppress Nrf2 activation, and thus could weaken the body's antioxidative and cytoprotective capacity. As the effect of vitamin E on Nrf2 pathway might be influenced by concentrations of fatty acids susceptible to oxidation in the diet, we used also diets containing either soybean oil as a reference oil or salmon oil as a source of oil rich in n-3 polyunsatuated fatty acids...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
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