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NAD AND Quinone

Min Ji Bak, Van-Long Truong, Se-Yeon Ko, Xuan Ngan Giang Nguyen, Mira Jun, Soon-Gi Hong, Jong-Won Lee, Woo-Sik Jeong
BACKGROUND: The induction of cellular defensive genes such as phase II detoxifying and antioxidant enzymes is a highly effective strategy for protection against carcinogenesis as well as slowing cancer development. Transcription factor Nrf2 (nuclear factor E2-related factor 2) is responsible for activation of phase II enzymes induced by natural chemopreventive compounds. METHODS: Red ginseng oil (RGO) was extracted using a supercritical CO2 extraction system and chemical profile of RGO was investigated by GC/MS...
October 2016: Journal of Ginseng Research
Yeon-Hui Jeong, Jin-Sun Park, Dong-Hyun Kim, Hee-Sun Kim
Lonchocarpine is a phenylpropanoid compound isolated from Abrus precatorius that has anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antiepileptic activities. In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant effects of lonchocarpine in brain glial cells and analyzed its molecular mechanisms. We found that lonchocarpine suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell death in hydrogen peroxide-treated primary astrocytes. In addition, lonchocarpine increased the expression of antioxidant enzymes, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), which are all under the control of Nrf2/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling...
October 17, 2016: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Winifred Broekman, Helene Roelofs, Maria C Zarcone, Christian Taube, Jan Stolk, Pieter S Hiemstra
Autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are evaluated for clinical use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, but it is unclear whether COPD affects BM-MSCs. To investigate this, BM-MSCs from nine COPD patients and nine non-COPD age-matched controls were compared with regard to immunophenotype, growth and differentiation potential, and migration capacity. Other functional assays included the response to pro-inflammatory stimuli and inducers of the nuclear factor (erythroid derived 2)-like 2 antioxidant response element (Nrf2-ARE) pathway, and effects on NCI-H292 airway epithelial cells...
April 2016: ERJ Open Research
Shu-Hua Yang, Miao Long, Li-Hui Yu, Lin Li, Peng Li, Yi Zhang, Yang Guo, Feng Gao, Ming-Da Liu, Jian-Bin He
Sulforaphane (SFN) is a natural and highly effective antioxidant. Studies suggest that SFN protects cells and tissues against cadmium (Cd) toxicity. This study investigated the protective effect of SFN against oxidative damage in the testes of Kunming mice exposed to cadmium, and explored the possible molecular mechanisms involved. Cadmium greatly reduced the serum testosterone levels in mice, reduced sperm motility, total sperm count, and increased the sperm deformity rate. Cadmium also reduces superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and glutathione (GSH) levels and increases malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ananddeep Patel, Shaojie Zhang, Amrit Kumar Shrestha, Paramahamsa Maturu, Bhagavatula Moorthy, Binoy Shivanna
Omeprazole (OM) is an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist and a proton pump inhibitor that is used to treat humans with gastric acid related disorders. Recently, we showed that OM induces NAD (P) H quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) via nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-dependent mechanism. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is another cytoprotective and antioxidant enzyme that is regulated by Nrf2. Whether OM induces HO-1 in fetal human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMEC) is unknown. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that OM will induce HO-1 expression via Nrf2 in HPMEC...
October 8, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Fuguo Shi, Xiaobing Li, Hong Pan, Li Ding
Rifampicin (RIF) is used in regimens for infections caused by Mycobacteria accompanied by serious adverse reactions. Rifampicin-quinone (RIF-Q) is a major autoxidation product of RIF. It is not clear whether RIF-Q plays a role in RIF induced adverse reactions. Investigation of the systemic exposure of RIF-Q is helpful to better understand the role of RIF-Q in RIF induced adverse reactions. In this study, a simple and reproducible high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method involving a procedure to prevent the RIF from oxidation for simultaneous quantification of RIF and RIF-Q in rat plasma has been developed and validated, and applied to elucidate the systemic exposure of RIF-Q in rats...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Nicholas O Thomas, Kate P Shay, Amanda R Kelley, Judy A Butler, Tory M Hagen
Isolated hepatocytes from young (4-6mo) and old (24-26mo) F344 rats were exposed to increasing concentrations of menadione, a vitamin K derivative and redox cycling agent, to determine whether the age-related decline in Nrf2-mediated detoxification defenses resulted in heightened susceptibility to xenobiotic insult. An LC50 for each age group was established, which showed that aging resulted in a nearly 2-fold increase in susceptibility to menadione (LC50 for young: 405μM; LC50 for old: 275μM). Examination of the known Nrf2-regulated pathways associated with menadione detoxification revealed, surprisingly, that NAD(P)H: quinone oxido-reductase 1 (NQO1) protein levels and activity were induced 9-fold and 4-fold with age, respectively (p=0...
September 22, 2016: Redox Biology
Xiaohui Su, Qingchun Huang, Jianyu Chen, Maojie Wang, Hudan Pan, Rui Wang, Hua Zhou, Zhanqing Zhou, Juan Liu, Fen Yang, Ting Li, Liang Liu
The activation of synovial fibroblasts (SFs) and the subsequent production and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the current study, rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs) isolated from the joint of the patients were used to evaluate the suppressive effects of calycosin (CAL), a compound derived from the Chinese medicinal herb Radix Astragali, on the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in RASFs. The results demonstrated that increased mRNA expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-25 (IL-25), interleukin-33(IL-33) were significantly inhibited by CAL...
September 24, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Christoph Bisig, Michèle Roth, Loretta Müller, Pierre Comte, Norbert Heeb, Andreas Mayer, Jan Czerwinski, Alke Petri-Fink, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser
Ethanol can be produced from biomass and as such is renewable, unlike petroleum-based fuel. Almost all gasoline cars can drive with fuel containing 10% ethanol (E10), flex-fuel cars can even use 85% ethanol (E85). Brazil and the USA already include 10-27% ethanol in their standard fuel by law. Most health effect studies on car emissions are however performed with diesel exhausts, and only few data exists for other fuels. In this work we investigated possible toxic effects of exhaust aerosols from ethanol-gasoline blends using a multi-cellular model of the human lung...
September 23, 2016: Environmental Research
Zhengwang Sun, Sang Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Mengyang Zhang, Seul A Seo, Pei Lin, Tae-Hoo Yi
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced reactive oxidative species is mainly responsible for the development of photoageing. Rosmarinic acid was one of the main bioactive components detected in Thymus vulgaris (TV) we extracted. In this study, UVB-induced skin damages have been shown to be ameliorated by treatment with TV in hairless mice (HR-1) skin, demonstrated by decreased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and increased collagen production. However, the underlying molecular mechanism on which TV acted was unclear...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Katarzyna Lubelska, Katarzyna Wiktorska, Lidia Mielczarek, Małgorzata Milczarek, Ilona Zbroińska-Bregisz, Zdzisław Chilmonczyk
Sulforaphane (SFN), a naturally occurring chemopreventive and anticancer agent, is a nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2/Nrf2) inducer. Nrf2 plays a critical role in coordinating the cell defense system by initiating the transcription of cytoprotective genes, including detoxification enzymes such as NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1) and transport proteins such as ATP-binding cassette, subfamily C (CFTR/MRP). Recently, the essential role of Nrf2 in tumor development and progression and in the development of multidrug resistance in cancer cells has been highlighted...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Yuan Xiao-Ying, Pang Xiao-Wen, Zhang Guo-Qiang, Guo Jian-You
BACKGROUND: Salidroside is the major active component of Rhodiola rosea, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used for protection against ultraviolet (UV) radiation. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether salidroside can protect skin from ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced oxidative damage in human immortalized HaCaT keratinocytes and the skin of guinea pigs. METHODS: Using HaCaT cell models, the effects of salidroside on oxidative damage and possible regulatory factors [including NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1)] were examined...
September 14, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Mary Snow Setzer, Javad Sharifi-Rad, William N Setzer
Recently, the emergence and spread of pathogenic bacterial resistance to many antibiotics (multidrug-resistant strains) have been increasing throughout the world. This phenomenon is of great concern and there is a need to find alternative chemotherapeutic agents to combat these antibiotic-resistant microorganisms. Higher plants may serve as a resource for new antimicrobials to replace or augment current therapeutic options. In this work, we have carried out a molecular docking study of a total of 561 antibacterial phytochemicals listed in the Dictionary of Natural Products, including 77 alkaloids (17 indole alkaloids, 27 isoquinoline alkaloids, 4 steroidal alkaloids, and 28 miscellaneous alkaloids), 99 terpenoids (5 monoterpenoids, 31 sesquiterpenoids, 52 diterpenoids, and 11 triterpenoids), 309 polyphenolics (87 flavonoids, 25 chalcones, 41 isoflavonoids, 5 neoflavonoids, 12 pterocarpans, 10 chromones, 7 condensed tannins, 11 coumarins, 30 stilbenoids, 2 lignans, 5 phenylpropanoids, 13 xanthones, 5 hydrolyzable tannins, and 56 miscellaneous phenolics), 30 quinones, and 46 miscellaneous phytochemicals, with six bacterial protein targets (peptide deformylase, DNA gyrase/topoisomerase IV, UDP-galactose mutase, protein tyrosine phosphatase, cytochrome P450 CYP121, and NAD⁺-dependent DNA ligase)...
September 12, 2016: Antibiotics
Hsiou-Yu Ding, Pei-Shan Wu, Ming-Jiuan Wu
Cleome rutidosperma DC. and Euphorbia thymifolia L. are herbal medicines used in traditional Indian and Chinese medicine to treat various illnesses. Reports document that they have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities; nonetheless, the molecular mechanisms involved in their anti-inflammatory actions have not yet been elucidated. The anti-neuroinflammatory activities and underlying mechanisms of ethanol extracts of Cleome rutidosperma (CR) and Euphorbia thymifolia (ET) were studied using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated microglial cell line BV2...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Judy L Bolton, Tareisha L Dunlap
Quinones represent a class of toxicological intermediates, which can create a variety of hazardous effects in vivo including, acute cytotoxicity, immunotoxicity, and carcinogenesis. In contrast, quinones can induce cytoprotection through induction of detoxification enzymes, anti-inflammatory activities, and modification of redox status. The mechanisms by which quinones cause these effects can be quite complex. The various biological targets of quinones depend on their rate and site of formation and their reactivity...
September 12, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
Hyo Sang Jo, Duk-Soo Kim, Eun Hee Ahn, Dae Won Kim, Min Jea Shin, Su Bin Cho, Jung Hwan Park, Chi Hern Lee, Eun Ji Yeo, Yeon Joo Choi, Hyeon Ji Yeo, Christine Seok Young Chung, Sung-Woo Cho, Kyu Hyung Han, Jinseu Park, Won Sik Eum, Soo Young Choi
Oxidative stress is closely associated with various diseases and is considered to be a major factor in ischemia. NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) protein is a known antioxidant protein that plays a protective role in various cells against oxidative stress. Therefore, we investigated the effects of cell permeable Tat-NQO1 protein on hippocampal HT-22 cells and in an animal ischemia model. Tat-NQO1 protein transduced into HT-22 cells and significantly inhibited against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cell death and cellular toxicities...
August 30, 2016: BMB Reports
R J Kern, C M Zarek, A K Lindholm-Perry, L A Kuehn, W M Snelling, H C Freetly, H C Cunningham, A M Meyer
Ruminal genes differentially expressed in crossbred beef steers from USMARC with variation in gain and feed intake were identified in a previous study. Several of the genes identified with expression patterns differing between animals with high gain-low feed intake and low gain-high feed intake were evaluated in a separate, unrelated population of Angus × Hereford beef steers from the University of Wyoming that was classified to differ in residual feed intake (RFI). Of the 17 genes tested, two were differentially expressed by RFI class in the Angus × Hereford animals...
September 9, 2016: Animal Genetics
Fang Yang, Hong Yang, Aramandla Ramesh, J Shawn Goodwin, Emmanuel U Okoro, ZhongMao Guo
UNLABELLED: We previously reported that overexpression of catalase upregulated xenobiotic- metabolizing enzyme (XME) expression and diminished benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) intermediate accumulation in mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs). Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the most active organelle involved in BaP metabolism. To examine the involvement of ER in catalase-induced BaP detoxification, we compared the level and distribution of XMEs, and the profile of BaP intermediates in the microsomes of wild-type and catalase transgenic endothelial cells...
2016: PloS One
Ji Ae Lee, Hyo Jin Son, Ji Hyun Kim, Ki Duk Park, Nari Shin, Hye Ri Kim, Eun Mee Kim, Dong Jin Kim, Onyou Hwang
The degenerative process of the nigral dopamine(DA)rgic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD) involves both oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. In the present study, we aimed at developing a novel antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent for PD therapy. Toward this end, we screened a novel focused library of isothiocyanate derivatives that we have generated for an anti-inflammatory property. We obtained a novel compound ITC-57 and found that ITC-57 effectively induced gene expression of the antioxidant enzymes NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase-1, the catalytic and modulatory subunits of glutamylcysteine ligase, and HO-1 in DAergic neuronal CATH...
September 6, 2016: Free Radical Research
Changbo Shen, Wei Cheng, Pingping Yu, Li Wang, Lulin Zhou, Li Zeng, Qin Yang
There is considerable interest in the use of drugs and other methods for protecting implanted neural stem cells (NSCs) from the adverse environment of injured tissue for successful cell therapy. Resveratrol can modify cardiac stem cells to enhance their survival and differentiation, however, its effect and the mechanism underlying its neuroprotective effect on NSCs following stroke remain to be fully elucidated. Nuclear factor erythroid 2‑related factor 2 (Nrf‑2) signaling is important in antioxidative stress, and the role of Nrf‑2 signaling in the enhanced neuroprotection of NSCs by resveratrol following stroke also remains to be elucidated...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
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