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NAD AND Quinone

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643389/combined-molecular-modelling-and-3d-qsar-study-for-understanding-the-inhibition-of-nqo1-by-heterocyclic-quinone-derivatives
#1
Claudia Lopez-Lira, Jans H Alzate-Morales, Margot Paulino, Jaime Mella-Raipán, Cristian O Salas, Ricardo A Tapia, Jorge Soto-Delgado
A combination of three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR), and molecular modelling methods were used to understand the potent inhibitory NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) activity of a set of 52 heterocyclic quinones. Molecular docking results indicated that some favourable interactions of key amino acid residues at the binding site of NQO1 with these quinones, would be responsible for an improvement of the NQO1 activity of these compounds. The main interactions involved are hydrogen bond of the amino group of residue Tyr128, π-stacking interactions with Phe106 and Phe178, and electrostatic interactions with flavin adenine dinucleotide (FADH) cofactor...
June 23, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639725/targeting-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-nqo1-in-pancreatic-cancer
#2
Anne M Lewis, Matthew Ough, Juan Du, Ming-Sound Tsao, Larry W Oberley, Joseph J Cullen
Quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) functions as an important part of cellular antioxidant defense by detoxifying quinones, thus preventing the formation of reactive oxygen species. The aims of our study were to determine if NQO1 is elevated in pancreatic cancer specimens and pancreatic cancer cell lines and if so, would compounds previously demonstrated to redox cycle with NQO1 be effective in killing pancreatic cancer cells. Immunohistochemistry of resected pancreatic specimens demonstrated an increased immunoreactivity for NQO1 in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) specimens versus normal human pancreas...
July 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628905/a-ros-mediated-mitochondrial-pathway-and-nrf2-pathway-activation-are-involved-in-bde-47-induced-apoptosis-in-neuro-2a-cells
#3
Hongmei Chen, Xuexi Tang, Bin Zhou, Zhongyuan Zhou, Ningning Xu, You Wang
Our previous study showed that 2,2'-,4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) is cytotoxic and induces apoptosis in Neuro-2a cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), an antioxidant transcriptional regulator of oxidative stress and apoptosis, is involved in this process. The results of toxicological experiments showed that BDE-47 decreased the cellular mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and increased cytochrome c release to the cytoplasm, followed by an increase in intracellular caspase-9 and caspase-3 activity, suggesting that a mitochondrial pathway was involved in the apoptotic process...
June 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620296/testosterone-propionate-exacerbates-the-deficits-of-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-system-and-downregulates-nrf2-expression-in-reserpine-treated-aged-male-rats
#4
Rui Cui, Yunxiao Kang, Li Wang, Shuangcheng Li, Xiaoming Ji, Wensheng Yan, Guoliang Zhang, Huixian Cui, Geming Shi
There is a controversy over the effects of testosterone supplements on dopaminergic function. Both neuroprotective and toxic effects of testosterone supplements are reported. The status of oxidative stress seems to explain the neuroprotective or toxic properties of testosterone. To determine the efficacy of testosterone supplements in different status of oxidative stress, the present studies analyzed the dopamine (DA)-related behaviors and neurochemical indices, as well as markers of nigrostriatal dopaminergic (NSDA) system in reserpine-treated aged male rats followed by testosterone propionate (TP) supplements...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608874/a-novel-two-photon-fluorescent-probe-with-a-long-stokes-shift-and-a-high-signal-to-background-ratio-for-human-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-hnqo1-detection-and-imaging-in-living-cells-and-tissues
#5
Dan Pan, Fengyan Luo, Xianjun Liu, Wei Liu, Wen Chen, Feng Liu, Yong-Qing Kuang, Jian-Hui Jiang
In recent years, many activatable fluorescent probes have been developed for hNQO1 detection. However, most of the reported fluorescent probes are susceptible to the interferences of endogenous fluorescence and have the drawback of inadequate penetration depth. Very recently, researchers have reported a two-photon excitation (TPE) fluorescent probe for hNQO1 detection. Nevertheless, this probe only exhibits a compromised signal-to-background ratio, and has not been applied to image hNQO1 in living tissues. Herein, a novel TPE fluorescent probe, trimethyl locked quinone caged Acedan (Q3CA-P), has been developed for hNQO1 detection and imaging in living cells and tissues...
June 13, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604588/docosahexaenoic-acid-induces-expression-of-heme-oxygenase-1-and-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-through-activation-of-nrf2-in-human-mammary-epithelial-cells
#6
Hye-Yoon Bang, Sin-Aye Park, Soma Saeidi, Hye-Kyung Na, Young-Joon Surh
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an ω-3 fatty acid abundant in fish oils, has diverse health beneficial effects, such as anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and chemopreventive activities. In this study, we found that DHA induced expression of two representative antioxidant/cytoprotective enzymes, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), in human mammary epithealial (MCF-10A) cells. DHA-induced upregulation of these enzymes was accompanied by enhanced translocation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2 into the nucleus and its binding to antioxidant response element...
June 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599455/downregulation-of-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-inhibits-proliferation-cell-cycle-and-migration-of-cholangiocarcinoma-cells
#7
Siriwoot Butsri, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Laddawan Senggunprai, Sarinya Kongpetch, Ponsilp Zeekpudsa, Auemduan Prawan
We previously reported that upregulation of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA; a fatal bile duct cancer) was associated with poor prognosis. It was also demonstrated that the suppression of NQO1 was able to enhance the chemosensitivity of CCA cells. In the present study, in order to elucidate the biological role of NQO1 in CCA, the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of NQO1 on cell proliferation, cell cycle and migration were determined in KKU-100 CCA cells, which notably expressed NQO1...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598994/asarone-from-acori-tatarinowii-rhizome-prevents-oxidative-stress-induced-cell-injury-in-cultured-astrocytes-a-signaling-triggered-by-akt-activation
#8
Kelly Y C Lam, Ping Yao, Huaiyou Wang, Ran Duan, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
Acori Tatarinowii Rhizome (ATR; the dried rhizome of Acori tatarinowii Schott) is a well-known herb being used for mental disorder in China and Asia. Volatile oil is considered as the active ingredient of ATR, and asarones account for more than 90% of total volatile oil. Here, the protective effects of ATR oil and asarones, both α-asarone and β-asarone, were probed in cultured rat astrocytes. The cyto-protective effect of ATR oil and asarones against tBHP-induced astrocyte injury was revealed, and additionally ATR oil and asarones reduced the tBHP-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591737/characteristics-of-ovarian-cancer-detection-by-a-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe-activated-by-human-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-isozyme-1-hnqo1
#9
Yuko Nakamura, Zhenhua Shen, Toshiko Harada, Tadanobu Nagaya, Kazuhide Sato, Shuhei Okuyama, Fusa Ogata, Peter L Choyke, Robin L McCarley, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probes are ideal for in vivo imaging, because they offer deeper tissue penetration by the light and lower background autofluorescence than fluorophores that emit in the visible range. Q3STCy is a newly synthesized, NIR light-emitting probe that is activated by an enzyme commonly overexpressed in tumor cells, human nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate): quinone oxidoreductase isozyme 1, known as hNQO1 or DT-diaphorase. The purpose of this study is to compare the sensitivity of detecting peritoneal ovarian cancer metastasis (POCM) with Q3STCy and gGlu-HMRG, a green fluorescent probe, upon their surface application...
May 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587104/c1q-tnf-related-protein-9-ameliorates-ox-ldl-induced-endothelial-dysfunction-via-pgc-1%C3%AE-ampk-mediated-antioxidant-enzyme-induction
#10
Haijian Sun, Xuexue Zhu, Yuetao Zhou, Weiwei Cai, Liying Qiu
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) accumulation is one of the critical determinants in endothelial dysfunction in many cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9) is identified to be an adipocytokine with cardioprotective properties. However, the potential roles of CTRP9 in endothelial function remain largely elusive. In the present study, the effects of CTRP9 on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, angiogenesis, nitric oxide (NO) production and oxidative stress in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to ox-LDL were investigated...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586911/serpina3k-ameliorates-the-corneal-oxidative-injury-induced-by-4-hydroxynonenal
#11
Xiling Zheng, Huixia Cui, Yuanyuan Yin, Yajing Zhang, Rongrong Zong, Xiaorui Bao, Jian-Xing Ma, Zuguo Liu, Yueping Zhou
Purpose: We previously demonstrated that SERPINA3K has anti-inflammatory, antiangiogenic, and antioxidant effects in corneas. Here we further investigated the effects of SERPINA3K on the corneal oxidant injury setting recently developed and induced by 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Methods: We applied the 4-HNE-induced corneal oxidant stress in cultured human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells in vitro and to the cornea of rats in vivo. The following experiments were conducted: cell counting kit 8 assay to detect cell viability; quantitative real-time PCR assay; Western blotting and immunofluorescent staining to measure gene expressions or protein levels of key reactive oxygen species (ROS)-associated factors (3-nitrotyrosine [3-NT]; nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate [NADPH]-oxidase 4 [NOX4]; superoxide dismutase [SOD]); catalase and nuclear factor [erythroid-derived 2]-like 2 [NRF2]); as well as main factors of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway (p-LRP6, β-catenin and transcription factor 4 [TCF4]); histologic staining; and TUNEL staining to examine sections of rat corneas...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584577/antioxidant-mechanism-of-black-garlic-extract-involving-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-like-factor-2-pathway
#12
Ae Wha Ha, Woo Kyoung Kim
BACKGROUN/OBJECTIVES: Although studies have revealed that black garlic is a potent antioxidant, its antioxidant mechanism remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine black garlic's antioxidant activities and possible antioxidant mechanisms related to nuclear factor erythroid 2-like factor 2 (Nrf2)-Keap1 complex. METHODS/MATERIALS: After four weeks of feeding rats with a normal fat diet (NF), a high-fat diet (HF), a high-fat diet with 0.5% black garlic extract (HF+BGE 0...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575743/igf-ii-promotes-neuroprotection-and-neuroplasticity-recovery-in-a-long-lasting-model-of-oxidative-damage-induced-by-glucocorticoids
#13
E Martín-Montañez, C Millon, F Boraldi, F Garcia-Guirado, C Pedraza, E Lara, L J Santin, J Pavia, M Garcia-Fernandez
Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) is a naturally occurring hormone that exerts neurotrophic and neuroprotective properties in a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases and ageing. Accumulating evidence suggests that the effects of IGF-II in the brain may be explained by its binding to the specific transmembrane receptor, IGFII/M6P receptor (IGF-IIR). However, relatively little is known regarding the role of IGF-II through IGF-IIR in neuroprotection. Here, using adult cortical neuronal cultures, we investigated whether IGF-II exhibits long-term antioxidant effects and neuroprotection at the synaptic level after oxidative damage induced by high and transient levels of corticosterone (CORT)...
May 26, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550120/hiv-1-decreases-nrf2-are-activity-and-phagocytic-function-in-alveolar-macrophages
#14
Bashar S Staitieh, Lingmei Ding, Wendy A Neveu, Paul Spearman, David M Guidot, Xian Fan
Respiratory complications occur frequently in individuals living with human immunodeficiency-1 virus (HIV) infection, and there is evidence that HIV-related oxidative stress impairs alveolar macrophage immune function. We hypothesized that nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), a master transcription factor that activates the antioxidant response element (ARE) and regulates antioxidant defenses, has an important role in alveolar macrophage (AMs) immune dysfunction in individuals with HIV infections...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529598/biological-interaction-of-cigarette-smoking-on-the-association-between-genetic-polymorphisms-involved-in-inflammation-and-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-a-case-control-study-in-japan
#15
Yuzo Yamamoto, Chikako Kiyohara, Saiko Suetsugu-Ogata, Naoki Hamada, Yoichi Nakanishi
Chronic inflammation serves an important role in lung carcinogenesis, thus genetic polymorphisms involved in this pathway may affect the risk of lung cancer. The present case-control study focused on the association between lung cancer risk and genetic polymorphisms involved in inflammatory pathways. The study comprised 462 lung cancer cases and 379 controls from Japan. The roles of interleukin 8 (IL8) rs4073, nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) rs28362491, cytochrome b-245, alpha polypeptide (CYBA) rs4673, NAD(P) H dehydrogenase, quinone 1 (NQO1) rs1800566, nitric oxide synthase 2 and inducible (NOS2) rs2297518 polymorphisms in lung carcinogenesis were investigated...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513573/nrf2-inhibits-periodontal-ligament-stem-cell-apoptosis-under-excessive-oxidative-stress
#16
Yanli Liu, Hongxu Yang, Yi Wen, Bingyi Li, Yinhua Zhao, Jing Xing, Min Zhang, Yongjin Chen
The present study aimed to analyze novel mechanisms underlying Nrf2-mediated anti-apoptosis in periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) in the periodontitis oxidative microenvironment. We created an oxidative stress model with H₂O₂-treated PDLSCs. We used real-time PCR, Western blotting, TUNEL staining, fluorogenic assay and transfer genetics to confirm the degree of oxidative stress and apoptosis as well as the function of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). We demonstrated that with upregulated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA), the effect of oxidative stress was obvious under H₂O₂ treatment...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503967/cytotoxic-and-cytoprotective-effects-of-tryptamine-4-5-dione-on-neuronal-cells-a-double-edged-sword
#17
Naoko Suga, Akira Murakami, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Akari Ishisaka, Noritoshi Kitamoto, Mikiko Ito, Yoji Kato
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) is a putative substrate for myeloperoxidase, which may convert it into the reactive quinone tryptamine-4,5-dione (TD). In this study, we found that the viability of human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with 25 µM TD was increased to approximately 117%. On the other hand, the cell viability was significantly decreased by exposure to TD (150-200 μM), with an increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Interestingly, pretreatment of SH-SY5Y cells with 100 μM TD prevented cell death and suppressed intracellular ROS generation evoked by the addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)...
May 14, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503686/mesoporous-nanocarriers-with-a-stimulus-responsive-cyclodextrin-gatekeeper-for-targeting-tumor-hypoxia
#18
Jeonghun Lee, Eun-Taex Oh, Haerry Yoon, Chan Woo Kim, Yeji Han, Jaehun Song, Hyunil Jang, Heon Joo Park, Chulhee Kim
Tissue hypoxia developed in most malignant tumors makes a significant difference to normal tissues in the reduction potential and the activity of various bioreductive enzymes. Given the superior enzymatic activity of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1, a cytosolic reductase up-regulated in many human cancers) in hypoxia relative to that in normoxia, NQO1 has great potential for targeting hypoxic tumor cells. In the present report, the core concept of hypoxic NQO1-responsive mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) is based on the reasoning that the superior enzymatic activity of NQO1 within hypoxic cancer cells can be utilized as a key stimulus for the selective cleavage of an azobenzene stalk triggering the on-off gatekeeping for controlled release of guest drugs...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499769/structure-biochemical-and-kinetic-properties-of-recombinant-pst2p-from-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-a-fmn-dependent-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase
#19
Karin Koch, Altijana Hromic, Marija Sorokina, Emilia Strandback, Manuel Reisinger, Karl Gruber, Peter Macheroux
The genome of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes four flavodoxin-like proteins, namely Lot6p, Pst2p, Rfs1p and Ycp4p. Thus far only Lot6p was characterized in detail demonstrating that the enzyme possesses NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase activity. In the present study, we heterologously expressed PST2 in Escherichia coli and purified the produced protein to conduct a detailed biochemical and structural characterization. Determination of the three-dimensional structure by X-ray crystallography revealed that Pst2p adopts the flavodoxin-like fold and forms tetramers independent of cofactor binding...
August 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498799/dietary-luteolin-attenuates-chronic-liver-injury-induced-by-mercuric-chloride-via-the-nrf2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p53-signaling-pathway-in-rats
#20
Haili Zhang, Xiao Tan, Daqian Yang, Jingjing Lu, Biying Liu, Ruiqi Baiyun, Zhigang Zhang
Mercury exposure is a common cause of metal poisoning which is biotransformed to highly toxic metabolites thus eliciting biochemical alterations and oxidative stress. Luteolin, a phenolic compound found in many natural products, has multiple biological functions. Our study was aimed to explore the biological effects of luteolin in a liver injury model induced in rats by mercuric chloride (HgCl2). Criteria for injury included liver enzyme, glutathione and malondialdehyde levels, histopathology, TUNEL assay, hepatocyte viability and reactive oxygen species levels...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
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