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NAD AND Quinone

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790749/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-8-hydroxydaidzein-in-lps-stimulated-bv2-microglial-cells-via-activation-of-nrf2-antioxidant-and-attenuation-of-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inflammatory-signaling-pathways-as-well-as-inhibition-of-cox-2-activity
#1
Pei-Shan Wu, Hsiou-Yu Ding, Jui-Hung Yen, Shu-Fen Chen, Kuan-Han Lee, Ming-Jiuan Wu
It was demonstrated that isoflavones can cross the blood-brain barrier, making them desirable candidate agents for the prevention of neurological symptoms. 8-Hydroxydaidzein (8-OHD, 4',7,8-trihydoxyisoflavone) is an isoflavone found only in fermented soy food. Current results showed that 8-OHD inhibited LPS-stimulated production of nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6, by inhibiting gene expression in BV2 microglial cells. Moreover, 8-OHD markedly quenched reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activated NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) so as to upregulate expression of Phase II enzymes, including heme oxygenase (HO)-1, NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1), and the modifier subunit of glutamate cysteine ligase (GCLM)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788962/phenolics-from-barleria-cristata-var-alba-as-carcinogenesis-blockers-against-menadione-cytotoxicity-through-induction-and-protection-of-quinone-reductase
#2
Ali M El-Halawany, Hossam M Abdallah, Ahmed R Hamed, Hany Ezzat Khalil, Ameen M Almohammadi
BACKGROUND: There are increasing interests in natural compounds for cancer chemoprevention. Blocking agents represent an important class of chemopreventive compounds. They prevent carcinogens from undergoing metabolic activation and thereby suppressing their interaction with cellular macromolecular targets. METHODS: The effect of phenolic compounds isolated from Barleria cristata var. alba as chemopreventive agent was evaluated. The ethyl acetate fraction of B. cristata was subjected to different chromatographic techniques for isolation of its major phenolic compounds...
May 22, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775616/amelioration-of-uvb-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-fat-1-transgenic-mouse-skin
#3
Hye-Won Yum, Seong Hoon Kim, Jing X Kang, Young-Joon Surh
ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which are abundant in some fish oils, are known to scavenge lipid peroxyl radicals and increase host immunoresponsiveness. As UVB-induced oxidative stress and inflammation have been implicated in apoptotic cell death, this study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-apoptotic capacity of fat-1 transgenic mice capable of converting ω-6 to ω-3 PUFAs. Wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and fat-1 mice were maintained on the AIN-93 diet supplemented with 10% safflower oil rich in ω-6 PUFAs for 5 weeks...
May 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748977/paeonol-extracted-from-paeonia-suffruticosa-andr-ameliorated-uvb-induced-skin-photoaging-via-dld-nrf2-are-and-mapk-ap-1-pathway
#4
ZhengWang Sun, Juan Du, Eunson Hwang, Tae-Hoo Yi
Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. (PS) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for a long time. However, there are no studies that investigate the preventive effects of PS on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced photoaging. In this study, paeonol (PA) was detected the main compound in PS root. In vitro, PS and PA significantly inhibited UVB-induced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and activator protein 1 in keratinocytes, which consequently led to degradation of procollagen type I. On the other hand, PS and PA increased NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 and heme oxygenase-1 expression, confirmed by greater nuclear accumulation of nuclear factor E2-releated factor 2 (Nrf2)...
May 10, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746824/reduction-of-2-methoxy-1-4-naphtoquinone-by-mitochondrially-localized-nqo1-yielding-nad-supports-substrate-level-phosphorylation-during-respiratory-inhibition
#5
Dora Ravasz, Gergely Kacso, Viktoria Fodor, Kata Horvath, Vera Adam-Vizi, Christos Chinopoulos
Provision of NAD+ for oxidative decarboxylation of alpha-ketoglutarate to succinyl-CoA by the ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC) is critical for maintained operation of succinyl-CoA ligase yielding high-energy phosphates, a process known as mitochondrial substrate-level phosphorylation (mSLP). We have shown previously that when NADH oxidation by complex I is inhibited by rotenone or anoxia, mitochondrial diaphorases yield NAD+ , provided that suitable quinones are present (Kiss G et al., FASEB J 2014, 28:1682)...
May 7, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743984/ingredients-from-litsea-garrettii-as-potential-preventive-agents-against-oxidative-insult-and-inflammatory-response
#6
Yan-Ru Li, Guo-Hui Li, Lin Sun, Lin Li, Yue Liu, De-Gang Kong, Shu-Qi Wang, Dong-Mei Ren, Xiao-Ning Wang, Hong-Xiang Lou, Tao Shen
Oxidative stress and inflammation undoubtedly contribute to the pathogenesis of many human diseases. The nuclear transcription factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) and the nuclear factor κ B (NF- κ B) play central roles in regulation of oxidative stress and inflammation and thus are targets for developing agents against oxidative stress- and inflammation-related diseases. Our previous study indicated that the EtOH extract of Litsea garrettii protected human bronchial epithelial cells against oxidative insult via the activation of Nrf2...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742868/modulated-gene-expression-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infected-retinal-pigment-epithelial-cell-line-arpe-19-via-pi3k-akt-or-mtor-signal-pathway
#7
Wei Zhou, Juan-Hua Quan, Fei-Fei Gao, Hassan Ahmed Hassan Ahmed Ismail, Young-Ha Lee, Guang-Ho Cha
Due to the critical location and physiological activities of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell, it is constantly subjected to contact with various infectious agents and inflammatory mediators. However, little is known about the signaling events in RPE involved in Toxoplasma gondii infection and development. The aim of the study is to screen the host mRNA transcriptional change of 3 inflammation-related gene categories, PI3K/Akt pathway regulatory components, blood vessel development factors and ROS regulators, to prove that PI3K/Akt or mTOR signaling pathway play an essential role in regulating the selected inflammation-related genes...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733330/benefits-of-caloric-restriction-in-longevity-and-chemical-induced-tumorigenesis-are-transmitted-independent-of-nqo1
#8
Alberto Diaz-Ruiz, Andrea Di Francesco, Bethany A Carboneau, Sophia R Levan, Kevin J Pearson, Nathan L Price, Theresa M Ward, Michel Bernier, Rafael de Cabo, Evi M Mercken
Caloric restriction (CR) is the most potent nonpharmacological intervention known to both protect against carcinogenesis and delay aging in laboratory animals. There is a growing number of anticarcinogens and CR mimetics that activate NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). We have previously shown that NQO1, an antioxidant enzyme that acts as an energy sensor through modulation of intracellular redox and metabolic state, is upregulated by CR. Here, we used NQO1-knockout (KO) mice to investigate the role of NQO1 in both the aging process and tumor susceptibility, specifically in the context of CR...
May 4, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725495/characterization-of-the-antioxidant-effects-of-%C3%AE-oryzanol-involvement-of-the-nrf2-pathway
#9
W Rungratanawanich, G Abate, M M Serafini, M Guarienti, M Catanzaro, M Marziano, M Memo, C Lanni, D Uberti
γ -Oryzanol (ORY) is well known for its antioxidant potential. However, the mechanism by which ORY exerts its antioxidant effect is still unclear. In this paper, the antioxidant properties of ORY were investigated for its potential effects as a reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) scavenger and in activating antioxidant-promoting intracellular pathways utilizing the human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293). The 24 h ORY exposure significantly prevented hydrogen peroxide- (H2 O2 -) induced ROS/RNS production at 3 h, and this effect was sustained for at least 24 h...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712428/nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1-nqo1-as-a-therapeutic-and-diagnostic-target-in-cancer
#10
Kuojun Zhang, Dong Cheng, Kun Ma, Xiaoxing Wu, Haiping Hao, Sheng Jiang
NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is a two-electron reductase responsible for detoxification of quinones and also bioactivation of certain quinones. It is abnormally overexpressed in many tumors and intimately linked with multiple carcinogenic processes. NQO1 is considered to be a cancer-specific target for therapy but currently available NQO1 inhibitors have not yet led to chemotherapeutic success. Utilization of NOQ1's ability to bioactivate chemotherapeutic quinones however has emerged as a promising selective anticancer therapy...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706024/overexpression-of-cyb5r3-and-nqo1-two-nad-producing-enzymes-mimics-aspects-of-caloric-restriction
#11
Alberto Diaz-Ruiz, Michael Lanasa, Joseph Garcia, Hector Mora, Frances Fan, Alejandro Martin-Montalvo, Andrea Di Francesco, Miguel Calvo-Rubio, Andrea Salvador-Pascual, Miguel A Aon, Kenneth W Fishbein, Kevin J Pearson, Jose Manuel Villalba, Placido Navas, Michel Bernier, Rafael de Cabo
Calorie restriction (CR) is one of the most robust means to improve health and survival in model organisms. CR imposes a metabolic program that leads to increased stress resistance and delayed onset of chronic diseases, including cancer. In rodents, CR induces the upregulation of two NADH-dehydrogenases, namely NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (Nqo1) and cytochrome b5 reductase 3 (Cyb5r3), which provide electrons for energy metabolism. It has been proposed that this upregulation may be responsible for some of the beneficial effects of CR, and defects in their activity are linked to aging and several age-associated diseases...
April 28, 2018: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697282/the-role-of-genetic-variants-in-the-association-between-dietary-acrylamide-and-advanced-prostate-cancer-in-the-netherlands-cohort-study-on-diet-and-cancer
#12
Andy Perloy, Leo J Schouten, Piet A van den Brandt, Roger Godschalk, Frederik-Jan van Schooten, Janneke G F Hogervorst
To investigate the association between dietary acrylanide and advanced prostate cancer, we examined acrylamide-gene interactions for advanced prostate cancer risk by using data from the Netherlands Cohort Study. Participants (n = 58,279 men) completed a baseline food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), from which daily acrylamide intake was calculated. At baseline, 2,411 men were randomly selected from the full cohort for case-cohort analysis. Fifty eight selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and two gene deletions in genes in acrylamide metabolism, DNA repair, sex steroid systems, and oxidative stress were analyzed...
April 26, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697280/effect-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-cell-wall-extracts-on-colon-cancer-prevention-in-male-f344-rats-treated-with-1-2-dimethylhydrazine
#13
Olivier Fortin, Blanca R Aguilar-Uscanga, Khanh D Vu, Stephane Salmieri, Monique Lacroix
The effect of Saccharomyces boulardii cell wall extracts on colon cancer prevention in rats treated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine was investigated. A crude insoluble glucan (0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg/day) and a crude mannoprotein extract (0.3 and 3.0 mg/kg/day) were administered in rats by gavage for 12 weeks along with a high fat low fiber diet whereupon rats were sacrificed and aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were counted in the colon. Moreover, NAD(P)H: quinone reductase (QR) and harmful fecal enzymes (β-glucosidase and β-glucuronidase) were quantified in the liver and in the caecum, respectively...
May 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693701/cell%C3%A2-specific-and-roasting%C3%A2-dependent-regulation-of-the-keap1-nrf2-pathway-by-coffee-extracts
#14
Alexandros Priftis, Antonia-Eugenia Angeli-Terzidou, Aristidis S Veskoukis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Dimitrios Kouretas
Coffee is a popular beverage that contains various bioactive compounds. However, its molecular mechanism of action is not fully elucidated. In this context, two previously characterized coffee extracts, a lightly roasted and the corresponding green one, were investigated for their effect on nuclear factor erythroid 2‑related factor 2 (Nrf2) target gene expression in myoblasts and endothelial cells using quantitative PCR. The tested concentrations were non‑cytotoxic and led to improved redox cell status, as was evident by increased reduced glutathione (GSH) levels...
April 24, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690652/genome-guided-analysis-of-clostridium-ultunense-and-comparative-genomics-reveal-different-strategies-for-acetate-oxidation-and-energy-conservation-in-syntrophic-acetate-oxidising-bacteria
#15
Shahid Manzoor, Anna Schnürer, Erik Bongcam-Rudloff, Bettina Müller
Syntrophic acetate oxidation operates close to the thermodynamic equilibrium and very little is known about the participating organisms and their metabolism. Clostridium ultunense is one of the most abundant syntrophic acetate-oxidising bacteria (SAOB) that are found in engineered biogas processes operating with high ammonia concentrations. It has been proven to oxidise acetate in cooperation with hydrogenotrophic methanogens. There is evidence that the Wood-Ljungdahl (WL) pathway plays an important role in acetate oxidation...
April 23, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680643/phosphorylation-of-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-like-2-nfe2l2-in-mammary-tissue-of-holstein-cows-during-the-periparturient-period-is-associated-with-mrna-abundance-of-antioxidant-gene-networks
#16
L Q Han, Z Zhou, Y Ma, F Batistel, J S Osorio, J J Loor
Changes in the production of reactive oxygen species in the mammary gland of dairy cows during the periparturient period could lead to oxidative stress and potentially impair mammary function. Phosphorylation of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2), also known as nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2, controls mRNA abundance of genes encoding antioxidant proteins and enzymes. The hypothesis was that NFE2L2 phosphorylation status and target gene mRNA abundance in the mammary gland of dairy cows is altered around parturition...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663102/docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-provides-neuroprotection-in-traumatic-brain-injury-models-via-activating-nrf2-are-signaling
#17
Wei Zhu, Yuexia Ding, Wei Kong, Tuo Li, Hongguang Chen
In this study, we explored the neuroprotective effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) models. In this study, we first confirmed that DHA was neuroprotective against TBI via the NSS test and Morris water maze experiment. Western blot was conducted to identify the expression of Bax, caspase-3, and Bcl-2. And the cell apoptosis of the TBI models was validated by TUNEL staining. Relationships between nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2-antioxidant response element (Nrf2-ARE) pathway-related genes and DHA were explored by RT-PCR and Western blot...
April 16, 2018: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659176/nrf2-attenuates-inflammatory-response-in-copd-emphysema-crosstalk-with-wnt3a-%C3%AE-catenin-and-ampk-pathways
#18
Wenhui Cui, Zhihui Zhang, Panpan Zhang, Jiao Qu, Cheng Zheng, Xiaoting Mo, Wencheng Zhou, Liang Xu, Hongwei Yao, Jian Gao
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation and abnormal inflammatory response. Wnt/β-catenin and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) have been shown to modulate lung inflammatory responses and injury. However, it remains elusive whether Wnt/β-catenin and AMPK modulate nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor-2 (Nrf2)-mediated protective responses during the development of emphysema. Here we showed that treatment with a Wnt pathway activator (LiCl) reduced elastase-induced airspace enlargement and cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced lung inflammatory responses in WT mice, which was associated with increased activation of Nrf2 pathway...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648801/the-proline-cycle-as-a-potential-cancer-therapy-target
#19
John J Tanner, Sarah-Maria Fendt, Donald Frederick Becker
Interest in how proline contributes to cancer biology is expanding due to the emerging role of a novel proline metabolic cycle in cancer cell survival, proliferation, and metastasis. Proline biosynthesis and degradation involve the shared intermediate, Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C), which forms L-glutamate-γ-semialdehyde (GSAL) in a reversible non-enzymatic reaction. Proline is synthesized from glutamate or ornithine through GSAL/P5C, which is reduced to proline by P5C reductase (PYCR) in a NAD(P)H-dependent reaction...
April 12, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642608/neuroprotective-effects-of-four-phenylethanoid-glycosides-on-h%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-induced-apoptosis-on-pc12-cells-via-the-nrf2-are-pathway
#20
Maiquan Li, Tao Xu, Fei Zhou, Mengmeng Wang, Huaxin Song, Xing Xiao, Baiyi Lu
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcription factor against oxidative stress and neurodegenerative disorders. Phenylethanoid glycosides (PhGs; salidroside, acteoside, isoacteoside, and echinacoside) exhibit antioxidant and neuroprotective bioactivities. This study was performed to investigate the neuroprotective effect and molecular mechanism of PhGs. PhGs pretreatment significantly suppressed H₂O₂-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells by triggering the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and reversing the downregulated protein expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), glutamate cysteine ligase-catalytic subunit (GCLC), and glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit (GCLM)...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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