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Fozia A Adem, Victor Kuete, Armelle T Mbaveng, Matthias Heydenreich, Andreas Koch, Albert Ndakala, Beatrice Irungu, Abiy Yenesew, Thomas Efferth
A new isoflavone, 4'-prenyloxyvigvexin A (1) and a new pterocarpan, (6aR,11aR)-3,8-dimethoxybitucarpin B (2) were isolated from the leaves of Lonchocarpus bussei and the stem bark of Lonchocarpus eriocalyx, respectively. The extract of L. bussei also gave four known isoflavones, maximaisoflavone H, 7,2'-dimethoxy-3',4'-methylenedioxyisoflavone, 6,7,3'-trimethoxy-4',5'-methylenedioxyisoflavone, durmillone; a chalcone, 4-hydroxylonchocarpin; a geranylated phenylpropanol, colenemol; and two known pterocarpans, (6aR,11aR)-maackiain and (6aR,11aR)-edunol...
April 16, 2018: Natural Product Research
Fabiane Cristine Dillenburg, Alfeu Zanotto-Filho, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira, Leila Ribeiro, Luigi Carro
The genes of the NFκB pathway are involved in the control of a plethora of biological processes ranking from inhibition of apoptosis to metastasis in cancer. It has been described that Gliobastoma multiforme (GBM) patients carry aberrant NFκB activation, but the molecular mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we present a NFκB pathway analysis in tumor specimens of GBM compared to non-neoplasic brain tissues, based on the different kind of cycles found among genes of a gene co-expression network constructed using quantized data obtained from the microarrays...
September 14, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Lei Yin, Heng Li, Wenjian Liu, Zhenglin Yao, Zhenzhen Cheng, Huabei Zhang, Hui Zou
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and deadliest of malignant brain tumors in adults. Disease development is associated with dysregulation of the cyclin D-CDK4/6-INK4-Rb pathway, resulting in increased proliferation; thus, CDK4/6 kinase inhibitors are promising candidates for GBM treatment. The recently developed CDK4/6 inhibitors, palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib, are effective in subcutaneous glioma models, but their blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability is poor, limiting drug delivery to the central nervous system...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Christie M Lincoln, Peter Fata, Susan Sotardi, Michael Pohlen, Tomas Uribe, Jacqueline A Bello
OBJECTIVE: A wide range of treatment-related side effects result in specific neurologic symptoms and signs and neuroimaging features. Even to the most seasoned neuroradiologist, elucidating therapy-related side effects from other common mimics can be challenging. We provide a pictorial survey of some common and uncommon medication-induced and therapy-related neuroimaging manifestations, discuss pathophysiology and common pitfalls in imaging and diagnosis. METHODS: A case-based review is utilized to depict scenarios on a routine basis in a general radiology or neuroradiology practice such as medication-induced posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome to the more challenging cases of pseudoprogression and pseudoregression in temozolmide and bevacizumab therapy in gliobastoma treatment protocols...
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
Victor Kuete, Armelle T Mbaveng, Louis P Sandjo, Maen Zeino, Thomas Efferth
INTRODUCTION: Malignacies are still a major public concern worldwide and despite the intensive search of new chemotherapeutic agents, treatment still remains a challenging issue. The present study was designed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of 2-acetyl-7-methoxynaphtho[2,3-b]furan-4,9-quinone (AMNQ) isolated from the bark of Milletia versicolor towards a panel of drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant (MDR) cancer cell lines. METHODS: The resazurin reduction assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of AMNQ against 9 drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant (MDR) cancer cell lines...
September 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Hale Yapıcı-Eser, Aslıhan Onay, Özgür Öztop-Çakmak, Emrah Egemen, Ebru Nur Vanlı-Yavuz, İhsan Solaroğlu
Most of the primary brain tumours are located in the supratentorial region, and it is uncommon to see tumour growth on deep brain structures such as posterior corpus callosum (PCC). In addition, lesions in PCC are also difficult to recognise, because construction apraxia, visuospatial perception and attentional capacity impairment may be the only presenting symptoms. Here, we represent a rare case of gliobastoma multiforme located in PCC, which solely presents with depressive symptoms and visual memory deficits...
December 15, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Yuan Ren, Nan Ji, Xixiong Kang, Renzhi Wang, Wenbin Ma, Zhenjun Hu, Xingfeng Liu, Yajie Wang
Glioblastoma is a highly vascularized brain tumor that causes high mortality. Kininogen-1 (KNG1) has demonstrated both tumor suppressor and antiangiogenesis properties in gliobastoma cells. We analyzed the microarray and proteomic profiles of tumor tissues from glioblastoma patients (N = 180), and identified potential RNA regulators of the KNG1. Validation experiments in U87 glioblastoma cells showed that the regulation of KNG1 by CTU1, KIAA1274, and RAX was mediated by miR-138. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of CTU1, KIAA1274, or RAX in U87 cells and immortalized human endothelial cells (iHECs) significantly reduced KNG1 expression (P < 0...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Estelle Willems, Arnaud Lombard, Matthias Dedobbeleer, Nicolas Goffart, Bernard Rogister
The main obstacle for the cure of glioblastoma (GBM) is systematic tumor recurrence after treatment. More than 90 % of GBM tumors are indeed recurrent within 5 years after diagnosis and treatment. We urgently need new therapies to specifically address these deadly relapses. A major advance in the understanding of GBM recurrence is the identification of GBM-Initiating Cells (GIC), characterized by their abilities for self-renewal, multilineage differentiation, and proliferation. It appears that these features of GIC could be modulated by the mitotic kinase Aurora A (AurA)...
February 2017: Targeted Oncology
Tuva R Hope, Nathan S White, Joshua Kuperman, Ying Chao, Ghiam Yamin, Hauke Bartch, Natalie M Schenker-Ahmed, Rebecca Rakow-Penner, Robert Bussell, Natsuko Nomura, Santosh Kesari, Atle Bjørnerud, Anders M Dale
The diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) technique enables quantification of water mobility for probing microstructural properties of biological tissue and has become an effective tool for collecting information about the underlying pathology of cancerous tissue. Measurements using multiple b-values have indicated biexponential signal attenuation, ascribed to "fast" (high ADC) and "slow" (low ADC) diffusion components. In this empirical study, we investigate the properties of the diffusion time (Δ)-dependent components of the diffusion-weighted (DW) signal in a constant b-value experiment...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
Luis Tobalina, Jon Pey, Alberto Rezola, Francisco J Planes
MOTIVATION: Gene Essentiality Analysis based on Flux Balance Analysis (FBA-based GEA) is a promising tool for the identification of novel metabolic therapeutic targets in cancer. The reconstruction of cancer-specific metabolic networks, typically based on gene expression data, constitutes a sensible step in this approach. However, to our knowledge, no extensive assessment on the influence of the reconstruction process on the obtained results has been carried out to date. RESULTS: In this article, we aim to study context-specific networks and their FBA-based GEA results for the identification of cancer-specific metabolic essential genes...
2016: PloS One
Mariela C Coccé, Balca R Mardin, Susanne Bens, Adrian M Stütz, Fabiana Lubieniecki, Inga Vater, Jan O Korbel, Reiner Siebert, Cristina N Alonso, Marta S Gallego
Congenital gliobastoma multiforme (GBM) is rare and little is known about the molecular defects underlying the initiation and progression of this tumor type. We present a case of congenital GBM analyzed by conventional cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization, array comparative genomic hybridization and next generation sequencing. On cytogenetic analysis we detected a reciprocal translocation t(6;12)(q21;q24.3). By sequencing, the translocation was shown to form a fusion between the 5' region of ZCCHC8 and the 3' region of ROS1...
September 2016: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
Grazia Maugeri, Agata Grazia D'Amico, Rita Reitano, Salvatore Saccone, Concetta Federico, Sebastiano Cavallaro, Velia D'Agata
Mutation of the Parkin gene causes an autosomal recessive juvenile-onset form of Parkinson's disease. However, recently, it has been also linked to a wide variety of malignancies, including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). In this pathology, Parkin exhibits a tumor suppressor role by mitigating the proliferation rate in both in vitro and in vivo models. However, Parkin involvement in the hypoxic process has not as yet been investigated. GBM is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor in adults and is characterized by hypoxic areas...
June 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Victor Kuete, Louis P Sandjo, Armelle T Mbaveng, Maen Zeino, Thomas Efferth
INTRODUCTION: Multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer represent a major hurdle in chemotherapy. Previously, the methanol extract of the medicinal spice Xylopia aethiopica displayed considerable cytotoxicity against multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer cell lines. METHODS: The present study was designed to assess the cytotoxicity of compounds, 16α-hydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (2), 3,4',5-trihydroxy-6″,6″-dimethylpyrano[2,3-g]flavone (3), isotetrandrine (5) and trans-tiliroside (6) derived from the methanol crude extract of Xylopia aethiopica against 9 drug-sensitive and -resistant cancer cell lines...
December 15, 2015: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Victor Kuete, Hugues Fouotsa, Armelle T Mbaveng, Benjamin Wiench, Augustin E Nkengfack, Thomas Efferth
INTRODUCTION: Chemotherapy is one of the preferred mode of treatment of malignancies, but is complicated by the expression of diverse resistance mechanisms of cancer cells. METHODS: In the present study, we investigated the cytotoxicity of five alkaloids including a furoquinoline montrofoline (1) and four acridones namely 1-hydroxy-4-methoxy-10-methylacridone (2), norevoxanthine (3), evoxanthine (4), 1,3-dimethoxy-10-methylacridone (5) against 9 drug-sensitive and multidrug-resistant (MDR) cancer cell lines...
September 15, 2015: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Alfonso Caiazzo, Ignacio Ramis-Conde
Palisades are characteristic tissue aberrations that arise in glioblastomas. Observation of palisades is considered as a clinical indicator of the transition from a noninvasive to an invasive tumour. In this paper we propose a computational model to study the influence of the hypoxic switch in palisade formation. For this we produced three-dimensional realistic simulations, based on a multiscale hybrid model, coupling the evolution of tumour cells and the oxygen diffusion in tissue, that depict the shape of palisades during its formation...
October 21, 2015: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Abhishek Ray, Sunil Manjila, Alia M Hdeib, Archana Radhakrishnan, Charles J Nock, Mark L Cohen, Andrew E Sloan
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and the most malignant primary brain tumor in adults, accounting for ~12-15% of all intracranial neoplasms. Despite advances in surgical, medical and radiation therapies, the mortality of GBM remains high, with a median survival ranging between 40 and 70 weeks. Similar to other primary brain tumors, the extracranial metastasis of GBM is extremely rare, occurring in <2% of patients. To demonstrate the clinical characteristics of this rare tumor, we herein present three cases of extracranial GBM metastasis: One to the lungs, which represents the longest reported survival of lung metastases from GBM to date; the second to the soft tissue of the posterior neck; and the third to the lumbar intradural space...
May 2015: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Victor Kuete, Arno R Nanfack Donfack, Armelle T Mbaveng, Maen Zeino, Pierre Tane, Thomas Efferth
INTRODUCTION: Multidrug resistance in cancer represents a major problem in chemotherapy. The present study was designed to assess the cytotoxicity of anthraquinones from Pentas schimperi, namely damnacanthal (1), damnacanthol (2), 3-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl anthraquinone (3) and schimperiquinone B (4) against nine drug-sensitive and multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer cell lines. METHODS: The resazurin reduction assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of the above compounds, whilst caspase-Glo assay was used to detect the activation of caspases enzymes by compounds 1 and 2...
August 2015: Investigational New Drugs
Annelise Letourneur, Simon Roussel, Myriam Bernaudin, Fabien Fillesoye, Jérôme Toutain, Eric T MacKenzie, Edwige Petit, Omar Touzani, Samuel Valable
Glioblastoma is the most aggressive brain tumor and is almost always fatal. These tumors are highly vascularized and angiogenesis is one of the pre-eminent mechanisms underlying their growth. Chronic arterial hypertension (CAH) is a common and worldwide pathology that markedlly alters the structure and function of the vasculature. Yet, essential hypertension is associated in the brain with potential locally impaired vasoreactivity, disturbed perfusion supply and hypoxia phenomena. Even though CAH is a global burden and has an important impact on brain function, nothing is known about the way this frequent pathology would interact with the evolution of glioma...
November 2015: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Barbara Heidenreich, P Sivaramakrishna Rachakonda, Ismail Hosen, Florian Volz, Kari Hemminki, Astrid Weyerbrock, Rajiv Kumar
In this report on 303 gliomas we show the highest frequency of TERT promoter mutations in gliobastomas (80%) followed by oligodendrogliomas (70%) and astrocytomas (39%). We observed positive association between TERT promoter and IDH mutations in oligodendroglial tumors (OR = 26.3; 95% CI 2.5-250.2) and inverse association in primary glioblastomas (OR = 0.13; 95% CI 0.03-0.58). Tumors with TERT promoter mutations compared to those without showed increased TERT transcription; we also showed difference in the transcription levels due to the two main mutations...
April 30, 2015: Oncotarget
Eunice Dotse, Yuhong Bian
This study is aimed at isolating colorectal cancer stem-like cells in vitro using a neurosphere assay method employed in isolating gliobastoma multiforme tumor cells. This was followed with confirmation of the isolated cells by flow cytometry, pluripotent genes expression and in vivo tumorigenicity assay. Using this culture assay, stem-like and non-stem-like CRC cells were isolated and expanded in vitro from purchased Balb/c mice induced with CT26 colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line. The procedure includes an initial mechanical dissociation and chemical digestion of tumor tissue and subsequently plating the resulting single cell suspension in serum-free medium (SFM) or serum-containing medium (SCM)...
August 2016: Cytotechnology
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