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simulation for public education

Yibing Tan, Xiaolan Liao, Haihao Su, Chun Li, Jiagen Xiang, Zhaoyang Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 aims. First, we evaluated the current levels of disaster preparedness among university students in southern China. Second, we assessed students' demands for future disaster education. In addition, we examined the influence of demographic factors on current disaster preparedness status and demand. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. The data were collected from 1893 students in 10 universities in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega (GHEM) center...
September 26, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Naoko Takahashi, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Satoshi Murakami, SoIchiro Hirata, Naoki Sugihara, Riuji Mochizuki, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Yuko Sato, Eiji Kawada
In 2009, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology launched its "Program for Promoting University Education and Student Support, Theme A: Program for Promoting University Education Reform". The ministry's stated aims were to 1) enhance student training centered on the needs of the individual patient; 2) improve their ability to make comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans; and 3) instill high ethical standards and good communication skills. One of the main pillars of this project was to establish an educational organization aimed at encouraging public participation, the "Patient Community"...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Bhakti Hansoti, Dylan S Kellogg, Sara J Aberle, Morgan C Broccoli, Jeffrey Feden, Arthur French, Charles M Little, Brooks Moore, Joseph Sabato, Tara Sheets, R Weinberg, Pat Elmes, Christopher Kang
: Study Objective This study aimed to review available disaster training options for health care providers, and to provide specific recommendations for developing and delivering a disaster-response-training program for non-disaster-trained emergency physicians, residents, and trainees prior to acute deployment. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature of the existing training options for health care providers was conducted to provide specific recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
James Waldie, Stephen Tee, Tina Day
AIM: This article proposes a radical new approach to the monitoring and governance of services, and the education and training of nurses to meet 'failure to rescue' requirements. BACKGROUND: Healthcare policy in the UK that seeks to ensure safe and effective services for the acutely ill has largely failed, resulting in adult patients dying unnecessarily. Despite grand rhetoric, UK governments have distanced themselves from implementation, resulting in patchy localised developments and creating inconsistent service responses...
September 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Janice C Palaganas, Veronique Brunette, Betty Winslow
This review explores the state of prelicensure interprofessional education (IPE) using simulation-based education (SBE) by examining studies that use SBE for prelicensure IPE through a critical review of the research literature. We focus particularly on studies that included experiential SBE with reported measures and formal IPE with prelicensure participants from at least 2 health care professions. Fifty-four studies met criteria. We explore these studies, providing a compilation of information (e.g., educational, simulation, and research methods used; outcome measures reported; and demographics of learner groups), identifying themes that may affect learning, as well as surfacing challenges and gaps in the field...
September 3, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Mariana Reggeti, Emilse Romero, Antonio Eblen-Zajjur
BACKGROUND: There is a risk for an avian influenza AH5N1 virus pandemia. AIM: To estimate the magnitude and impact of an AH5N1 pandemic in areas of Latin-America in order to design interventions and to reduce morbidity-mortality. METHODS: The InfluSim program was used to simulate a highly pathogenic AH5N1 aviar virus epidemic outbreak with human to human transmission in Valencia, Venezuela. We estimated the day of maximal number of cases, number of moderately and severely ill patients, exposed individuals, deaths and associated costs for 5 different interventions: absence of any intervention; implementation of antiviral treatment; reduction of 20% in population general contacts; closure of 20% of educational institutions; and reduction of 50% in massive public gatherings...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Elise T Pas, Stacy R Johnson, Kristine E Larson, Linda Brandenburg, Robin Church, Catherine P Bradshaw
Most approaches aiming to reduce behavior problems among youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on individual students; however, school personnel also need professional development to better support students. This study targeted teachers' skill development to promote positive outcomes for students with ASD. The sample included 19 teachers in two non-public special education settings serving students with moderate to severe ASD. Participating teachers received professional development and coaching in classroom management, with guided practice in a mixed-reality simulator...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Daniela Vogel, Sigrid Harendza
OBJECTIVE: Practical skills are an essential part of physicians' daily routine. Nevertheless, medical graduates' performance of basic skills is often below the expected level. This review aims to identify and summarize teaching approaches of basic practical skills in undergraduate medical education which provide evidence with respect to effective students' learning of these skills. METHODS: Basic practical skills were defined as basic physical examination skills, routine skills which get better with practice, and skills which are also performed by nurses...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Liliana E Pezzin, Purushottam Laud, Joan Neuner, Tina W F Yen, Ann B Nattinger
BACKGROUND: Challenged by public opinion, peers and the Congressional Budget Office, medical specialty societies have begun to develop "Top Five" lists of expensive procedures that do not provide meaningful benefit to at least some categories of patients for whom they are commonly ordered. The extent to which these lists have influenced the behavior of physicians or patients, however, remains unknown. METHODS: We partner with a statewide consortium of health systems to examine the effectiveness of two interventions: (i) "basic" public reporting and (ii) an "enhanced" intervention, augmenting public reporting with a smart phone-based application that gives providers just-in-time information, decision-making tools, and personalized patient education materials to support reductions in the use of eight breast cancer interventions targeted by Choosing Wisely® or oncology society guidelines...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
M B Nielsen, K Seitz
The impact factor (IF) for 2015 was recently released and this could be the time to once again reflect on its use as a metric of a journal. Problems and concerns regarding the IF have been addressed extensively elsewhere 1 2. The principle of the IF for a given year is that it represents the average number of citations of articles published in the journal in the two previous years.While authors frequently cite the IF as a determining factor for submission, the IF does not predict how many times individual articles will be cited...
August 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Clare L Brown, Katie Reygate, Ann Slee, Jamie J Coleman, Sarah K Pontefract, David W Bates, Andrew K Husband, Neil Watson, Sarah P Slight
OBJECTIVES: A key element of the implementation and ongoing use of an electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) system is ensuring that users are, and remain, sufficiently trained to use the system. Studies have suggested that insufficient training is associated with suboptimal use. However, it is not clear from these studies how clinicians are trained to use ePrescribing systems or the effectiveness of different approaches. We sought to describe the various approaches used to train qualified prescribers on ePrescribing systems and to identify whether users were educated about the pitfalls and challenges of using these systems...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Kathy Puskar, Ann M Mitchell, Susan A Albrecht, Linda R Frank, Irene Kane, Holly Hagle, Dawn Lindsay, Heeyoung Lee, Marie Fioravanti, Kimberly S Talcott
Interprofessional collaborative practice expands resources in rural and underserved communities. This article explores the impact of an online education programme on the perceptions of healthcare providers about interprofessional care within alcohol and drug use screening for rural residents. Nurses, behavioural health counsellors, and public health professionals participated in an evidence-based practice (screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment-SBIRT) model that targets individuals who use alcohol and other drugs in a risky manner...
July 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Mona Meral Savran, Stine Maya Dreier Sørensen, Lars Konge, Martin G Tolsgaard, Flemming Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify studies on hysteroscopic training and assessment. DESIGN: PubMed, Excerpta Medica, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched in January 2015. Manual screening of references and citation tracking were also performed. Studies on hysteroscopic educational interventions were selected without restrictions on study design, populations, language, or publication year. A qualitative data synthesis including the setting, study participants, training model, training characteristics, hysteroscopic skills, assessment parameters, and study outcomes was performed by 2 authors working independently...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Jan Stochl, Jan R Böhnke, Kate E Pickett, Tim J Croudace
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in psychometric modeling and technology allow pooling well-validated items from existing instruments into larger item banks and their deployment through methods of computerized adaptive testing (CAT). Use of item response theory-based bifactor methods and integrative data analysis overcomes barriers in cross-instrument comparison. This paper presents the joint calibration of an item bank for researchers keen to investigate population variations in general psychological distress (GPD)...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Bei Lu, Xiaoting Liu, Mingxu Yang
Long-Term Care (LTC) policy is at an experimental stage in China, characterised by various regional pilot programmes. The public cost of LTC is difficult to estimate due to a lack of clarity about policy detail from the central government. This paper analyses the current disabled status for vulnerable older people without sufficiently financial resources and family supports. It focuses on estimating a safety net public subsidy policy to LTC services in China, both for today and into the future, using CHARLS data (China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey, 2011 wave) with the methods of Multinomial Logistic Regression and Simulation...
May 19, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Phyllis Min-Yu Lau, Robyn Woodward-Kron, Karen Livesay, Kristine Elliott, Patricia Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Cultural Respect Encompassing Simulation Training (CREST) is a learning program that uses simulation to provide health professional students and practitioners with strategies to communicate sensitively with culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients. It consists of training modules with a cultural competency evaluation framework and CALD simulated patients to interact with trainees in immersive simulation scenarios. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of expanding the delivery of CREST to rural Australia using live video streaming; and to investigate the fidelity of cultural sensitivity - defined within the process of cultural competency which includes awareness, knowledge, skills, encounters and desire - of the streamed simulations...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Lijun Gao, Qunhong Wu, Ye Li, Ding Ding, Yanhua Hao, Yu Cui, Zheng Kang, Mingli Jiao, Libo Liang, Adamm Ferrier, Ning Ning, Hong Sun
OBJECTIVES: In light of government investment over the past decade, we explored the capacity for disaster response in Heilongjiang Province, identifying the factors that affect response capacity. METHODS: We surveyed 1257 medical staff in 65 secondary and tertiary hospitals in Heilongjiang province to explore their perceptions of disaster management capacity using a cross-sectional multistage, stratified cluster sampling method. RESULTS: All tertiary hospitals (100%) and most secondary hospitals (93%) have documented disaster management plans that are regularly reviewed...
May 18, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Charles A Dietl, John C Russell
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to review the literature on current technology for surgical education and to evaluate the effect of technological advances on the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Core Competencies, American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores, and American Board of Surgery (ABS) certification. DESIGN: A literature search was obtained from MEDLINE via,, and Google Scholar on all peer-reviewed studies published since 2003 using the following search queries: technology for surgical education, simulation-based surgical training, simulation-based nontechnical skills (NTS) training, ACGME Core Competencies, ABSITE scores, and ABS pass rate...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Robert B Trelease
Until the late-twentieth century, primary anatomical sciences education was relatively unenhanced by advanced technology and dependent on the mainstays of printed textbooks, chalkboard- and photographic projection-based classroom lectures, and cadaver dissection laboratories. But over the past three decades, diffusion of innovations in computer technology transformed the practices of anatomical education and research, along with other aspects of work and daily life. Increasing adoption of first-generation personal computers (PCs) in the 1980s paved the way for the first practical educational applications, and visionary anatomists foresaw the usefulness of computers for teaching...
May 10, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
David W Chambers
The American College of Dentists is embarking on a multiyear project to improve ethics in dentistry. Early indications are that the focus will be on actual moral behavior rather than theory, that we will include organizations as ethical units, and that we will focus on building moral leadership. There is little evidence that the "telling individuals how to behave" approach to ethics is having the hoped-for effect. As a profession, dentistry is based on shared trust. The public level of trust in practitioners is acceptable, but could be improved, and will need to be strengthened to reduce the risk of increasing regulation...
2015: Journal of the American College of Dentists
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