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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747715/an-in-situ-simulation-based-training-approach-to-active-shooter-response-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Mark S Mannenbach, Carol J Fahje, Kharmene L Sunga, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
ABSTRACTWith an increased number of active shooter events in the United States, emergency departments are challenged to ensure preparedness for these low frequency but high stakes events. Engagement of all emergency department personnel can be very challenging due to a variety of barriers. This article describes the use of an in situ simulation training model as a component of active shooter education in one emergency department. The educational tool was intentionally developed to be multidisciplinary in planning and involvement, to avoid interference with patient care and to be completed in the true footprint of the work space of the participants...
May 11, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708863/addressing-the-growing-opioid-and-heroin-abuse-epidemic-a-call-for-medical-school-curricula
#2
Madison C Ratycz, Thomas J Papadimos, Allison A Vanderbilt
Substance abuse is a growing public health concern in the USA (US), especially now that the US faces a national drug overdose epidemic. Over the past decade, the number of drug overdose deaths has rapidly grown, largely driven by increases in prescription opioid-related overdoses. In recent years, increased heroin and illicitly manufactured fentanyl overdoses have substantially contributed to the rise of overdose deaths. Given the role of physicians in interacting with patients who are at risk for or currently abusing opioids and heroin, it is essential that physicians are aware of this issue and know how to respond...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703590/how-effective-is-trauma-simulation-as-an-educational-process-for-healthcare-providers-within-the-trauma-networks-a-systematic-review
#3
Donna Barleycorn, Geraldine A Lee
BACKGROUND: Major trauma is a significant public health problem and a leading cause of death for several age groups. To address this issue, Major Trauma Networks were introduced in the UK from 2010, consisting of Major Trauma Centres (MTCs) and a network of linked Trauma Units (TUs). OBJECTIVE: The aim is to undertake a systematic review to examine how effective is trauma simulation as an educational process for healthcare providers within trauma networks. METHODS: The databases searched included Medline, Embase and Cinahl from 2010 to 2016...
April 24, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678077/use-of-system-dynamics-modeling-in-medical-education-and-research-projects
#4
Jadranka Bozikov, Danko Relic, Gjuro Dezelic
The paper reviews experiences and accomplishments in application of system dynamics modeling in education, training and research projects at the Andrija Stampar School of Public Health, a branch of the Zagreb University School of Medicine, Croatia. A number of simulation models developed over the past 40 years are briefly described with regard to real problems concerned, objectives and modeling methods and techniques used. Many of them have been developed as the individual students' projects as a part of their graduation, MSc or PhD theses and subsequently published in journals or conference proceedings...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672470/developments-in-the-transition-from-animal-use-to-simulation-based-biomedical-education
#5
John B Pawlowski, David M Feinstein, Shalin G Gala
There has been a significant shift from the use of animals in biomedical training exercises toward simulation-based education methods. The transition has been driven by technological advances, empirical evidence of improved student outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and a growing concern for the welfare of animals. These factors have spurred policy changes worldwide in how medical and science curricula are delivered. We detail how some of these policy changes evolved and comment on the future direction of simulation-based education and its implications for healthcare providers, instructors, and the general public...
April 18, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620675/educational-interventions-to-improve-handover-in-health-care-an-updated-systematic-review
#6
Morris Gordon, Elaine Hill, Jennifer N Stojan, Michelle Daniel
PURPOSE: Effective handovers (handoffs) are vital to patient safety. Medical educators investigated educational interventions to improve handovers in a 2011 systematic review. The number of publications on handover education has increased since then, so authors undertook this updated review. METHOD: The authors considered studies involving educational interventions to improve handover amongst undergraduate or postgraduate health professionals in acute care settings...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615360/abr-psychometric-testing-analysis-of-validity-and-effects
#7
Lincoln L Berland, Nancy W Berland, Matthew W Berland
Changes in the certification program of the ABR were first described in some detail in 2008 and have since undergone refinements. Controversies surrounding these changes have included the relevance of test questions, costs, effects of altering the examination scheduling, residency program curriculum changes, and issues related to preparing for the examinations. However, the role of psychometric testing in radiology itself, as the technical foundation for the new ABR Core and Certification Examinations, has undergone less scrutiny...
March 31, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613918/the-100-most-cited-articles-on-healthcare-simulation-a-bibliometric-review
#8
Chloe Walsh, Sinéad Lydon, Dara Byrne, Caoimhe Madden, Susan Fox, Paul OʼConnor
This article provides an overview and synthesis of the 100 most cited healthcare simulation publications to provide insight into the articles that have shaped current knowledge and practice. Searches of the Scopus and Web of Science databases were conducted in July 2017. Most articles were concerned with medical education and training (86%) and were most often published in surgical journals (33%). Manikins (20%), standardized patients (16%), inanimate part-task trainers (16%), fully simulated environments (17%), and virtual reality part-task trainers (14%) were the most commonly featured types of simulators...
April 3, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527966/transforming-medical-education-in-kazakhstan-successful-case-of-internationalization-from-karaganda-state-medical-university
#9
Viktor Riklefs, Gulmira Abakassova, Aliya Bukeyeva, Sholpan Kaliyeva, Bakhtiyar Serik, Alma Muratova, Raushan Dosmagambetova
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Kazakhstan has been literally transformed in the past 10 years. Kazakhstan inherited the Soviet-time discipline-based teacher-centered system of education when no decisions could be made independently. The curriculum was mostly governed in a traditional way, with lectures being the core, little use of e-learning tools, and assessment through oral exams and multiple-choice questions. Most of the universities still preserve the subject-based curriculum with elements of integrated learning...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503784/management-of-cold-water-induced-hypothermia-a-simulation-scenario-for-layperson-training-delivered-via-a-mobile-tele-simulation-unit
#10
Cody L Dunne, Michael Parsons
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) has one of the highest provincial drowning rates in Canada, largely due to the many rural communities located near bodies of water. Factor in the province's cold climate (average NL's freshwater temperature is below 5.4°C)and the prevalence of winter recreational activities among the population, there exists an inherent risk of ice-related injuries and subsequent hypothermia. Oftentimes, these injuries occur in remote/rural settings where immediate support from Emergency Medical Services (EMS) may not be available...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481857/sectioned-images-and-3d-models-of-a-cadaver-head-with-reference-to-dermal-filler-injection
#11
Dong Sun Shin, Young Joo Shim, Bong Chul Kim
The purpose of this study was to describe anatomical consideration with reference to dermal filler injection on sectioned images and three dimensional (3D) models using Visible Korean for medical education and clinical training purposes in the field of facial surgery. Serially sectioned images of the head were acquired from a cadaver. Anatomic structures related to dermal filler injection were 3D-reconstructed based on sectioned images, and additional structures were built on the basis of the established ones using a semi-automatic method...
May 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459198/the-educational-impact-of-web-based-and-face-to-face-patient-deterioration-simulation-programs-an-interventional-trial
#12
Catherine Chung, Simon J Cooper, Robyn P Cant, Cliff Connell, Angela McKay, Leigh Kinsman, Swapnali Gazula, Jayne Boyle, Amanda Cameron, Penny Cash, Lisa Evans, Jeong-Ah Kim, Rana Masud, Denise McInnes, Lisa Norman, Erika Penz, Thomas Rotter, Erin Tanti, Tom Breakspear
BACKGROUND: There are international concerns relating to the management of patient deterioration. The "failure to rescue" literature identifies that nursing staff miss cues of deterioration and often fail to call for assistance. Simulation-based educational approaches may improve nurses' recognition and management of patient deterioration. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the educational impact of the First2Act web-based (WB) and face-to-face (F2F) simulation programs...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459192/investigating-the-impact-of-moulage-on-simulation-engagement-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jessica B Stokes-Parish, Robbert Duvivier, Brian Jolly
BACKGROUND: Simulation Based Education (SBE) is used as a primer for clinical education in nursing and other health professions. Participant engagement strategies and good debriefing have been identified as key for effective simulations. The environment in which the simulation is situated also plays a large role in the degree of participant engagement. Various cues are staged within simulations to enhance this engagement process. Moulage techniques are used in current-day simulation to mimic illnesses and wounds, acting as visual and tactile cues for the learner...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459191/a-review-of-the-curriculum-development-process-of-simulation-based-educational-intervention-studies-in-korea
#14
REVIEW
Ju-Young Lee, Soon Hee Lee, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite the increase in simulators at nursing schools and the high expectations regarding simulation for nursing education, the unique features of integrating simulation-based education into the curriculum are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the curriculum development process of simulation-based educational interventions in nursing in Korea. DESIGN: Integrative review of literature used. DATA SOURCES: Korean Studies Information Services System (KISS), Korean Medical Database (KMbase), KoreaMed, Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), and National Digital Library (NDL)...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457760/a-systematic-review-of-serious-games-in-medical-education-quality-of-evidence-and-pedagogical-strategy
#15
Iouri Gorbanev, Sandra Agudelo-Londoño, Rafael A González, Ariel Cortes, Alexandra Pomares, Vivian Delgadillo, Francisco J Yepes, Óscar Muñoz
INTRODUCTION: The literature shows an optimistic landscape for the effectiveness of games in medical education. Nevertheless, games are not considered mainstream material in medical teaching. Two research questions that arise are the following: What pedagogical strategies do developers use when creating games for medical education? And what is the quality of the evidence on the effectiveness of games? METHODS: A systematic review was made by a multi-disciplinary team of researchers following the Cochrane Collaboration Guidelines...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449162/is-video-based-education-an-effective-method-in-surgical-education-a-systematic-review
#16
Akgul Ahmet, Kus Gamze, Mustafaoglu Rustem, Karaborklu Argut Sezen
OBJECTIVE: Visual signs draw more attention during the learning process. Video is one of the most effective tool including a lot of visual cues. This systematic review set out to explore the influence of video in surgical education. We reviewed the current evidence for the video-based surgical education methods, discuss the advantages and disadvantages on the teaching of technical and nontechnical surgical skills. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423828/standardized-patients-in-clinical-psychology-and-psychotherapy-a-scoping-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-for-implementation
#17
REVIEW
Franziska Kühne, Destina Sevde Ay, Mara Jasmin Otterbeck, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVES: The use of simulated and standardized patients (SP) is widely accepted in the medical field and, from there, is beginning to disseminate into clinical psychology and psychotherapy. The purpose of this study was therefore to systematically review barriers and facilitators that should be considered in the implementation of SP interventions specific to clinical psychology and psychotherapy. METHODS: Following current guidelines, a scoping review was conducted...
February 8, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406299/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-impact-of-simulating-extreme-obesity-on-health-care-professionals-attitudes-and-perceptions
#18
Caz Hales, Lesley Gray, Lynne Russell, Carol MacDonald
Extremely obese patients pose significant challenges for those who strive to provide care. The prevalence and consequences of weight bias and stigma in health care have been well documented, but research on how to reduce weight bias and stigma is limited. To assess the impact of simulating obesity on the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals toward extreme obesity, a qualitative study involving 6 registered nurses and 1 registered physiotherapist was conducted between November 2015 and May 2016...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351325/impact-of-educational-interventions-on-adolescent-attitudes-and-knowledge-regarding-vaccination-a-pilot-study
#19
Kate Carolan, Joanna Verran, Matthew Crossley, James Redfern, Nicola Whitton, Martyn Amos
BACKGROUND: Current immunisation levels in England currently fall slightly below the threshold recommended by the World Health Organization, and the three-year trend for vaccination uptake is downwards. Attitudes towards vaccination can affect future decisions on whether or not to vaccinate, and this can have significant public health implications. Interventions can impact future vaccination decisions, and these interventions can take several forms. Relatively little work has been reported on the use of vaccination interventions in young people, who form the next generation of individuals likely to make vaccination decisions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291075/model-based-risk-assessment-and-public-health-analysis-to-prevent-lyme-disease
#20
Nasser Sharareh, Nasim S Sabounchi, Amanda Roome, Rita Spathis, Ralph M Garruto
The number of Lyme disease (LD) cases in the northeastern United States has been dramatically increasing with over 300 000 new cases each year. This is due to numerous factors interacting over time including low public awareness of LD, risk behaviours and clothing choices, ecological and climatic factors, an increase in rodents within ecologically fragmented peri-urban built environments and an increase in tick density and infectivity in such environments. We have used a system dynamics (SD) approach to develop a simulation tool to evaluate the significance of risk factors in replicating historical trends of LD cases, and to investigate the influence of different interventions, such as increasing awareness, controlling clothing risk and reducing mouse populations, in reducing LD risk...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
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