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simulation for public education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291075/model-based-risk-assessment-and-public-health-analysis-to-prevent-lyme-disease
#1
Nasser Sharareh, Nasim S Sabounchi, Amanda Roome, Rita Spathis, Ralph M Garruto
The number of Lyme disease (LD) cases in the northeastern United States has been dramatically increasing with over 300 000 new cases each year. This is due to numerous factors interacting over time including low public awareness of LD, risk behaviours and clothing choices, ecological and climatic factors, an increase in rodents within ecologically fragmented peri-urban built environments and an increase in tick density and infectivity in such environments. We have used a system dynamics (SD) approach to develop a simulation tool to evaluate the significance of risk factors in replicating historical trends of LD cases, and to investigate the influence of different interventions, such as increasing awareness, controlling clothing risk and reducing mouse populations, in reducing LD risk...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279835/an-evaluation-on-iran-international-public-health-summer-school-in-relation-to-its-efficacy-based-on-participants-experience-and-opinions
#2
Aidin Parnia, Nikoo Yamani, Ahmadreza Zamani, Shervin Badihian, Navid Manouchehri, Maryam Fakhri
Background: A serious challenge to educate health staff for public health is to appear encouraging enough to persuade them for learning issues on this field and implementing new educational methods and innovative ways. Iran International Public Health Summer School (IPHS) made an effort to provide medical sciences students with a fortune to get familiar with and involved in public health. This study intended to evaluate the efficacy of this event. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in March-April 2015 by the help of an electronic self-administered questionnaire filled out by 49 Iranian participants 6 months after IPHS2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261539/the-aspire-to-excellence-program-a-global-effort-to-improve-the-quality-of-medical-education
#3
Dan Hunt, Debra Klamen, Ronald M Harden, Farzand Ali
Publications and organizations ranking medical schools rely heavily on schools' research-oriented and grant-success data because those are the publicly available data. To address the vacuum of evidence for medical education quality, in 2012 the Association of Education in Europe (AMEE) introduced an initiative entitled A Schools Programme for International Recognition of Excellence in Education (ASPIRE) awards. ASPIRE panels of international experts in specific areas of medical education have developed internationally peer-based criteria to benchmark excellence in social accountability, student engagement, student assessment, faculty development, and simulation; they plan to publish criteria on curriculum design and development in 2018...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248416/simulation-based-skill-training-for-trainees-in-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Igo B Ribeiro, Janet M Ngu, Buu-Khanh Lam, Roger A Edwards
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training has been an important part of the solution to address the shortfalls in cardiac surgery training. This review aims at identifying and systematically summarizing existing evidence on outcomes and methodological quality of simulation-based skills training for cardiac surgery trainees. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and ERIC were searched. Studies included peer-reviewed publications with simulation-based skill training in cardiac surgery programs with outcome measures of performance...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181853/towards-the-elimination-of-hepatitis-c-in-the-united-states
#5
Sammy Saab, Long Le, Satvir Saggi, Vinay Sundaram, Myron Tong
The emergence of effective direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents has reignited discussion over hepatitis C elimination potential in the United States. Eliminating hepatitis C will require a critical examination regarding technical feasibility, economic considerations, and social/political attention. Tremendous advancement has been made in recent years with the availability of sensitive diagnostic tests and highly effective DAAs capable of achieving sustained viral response (SVR) in more than 95% of patients...
November 27, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112655/multiparous-ewe-as-a-model-for-teaching-vaginal-hysterectomy-techniques
#6
Yohan Kerbage, Michel Cosson, Thomas Hubert, Géraldine Giraudet
BACKGROUND: Despite being linked to improving patient outcomes and limiting costs, the use of vaginal hysterectomy is on the wane. Although a combination of reasons might explain this trend, one cause is a lack of practical training. An appropriate teaching model must therefore be devised. Currently, only low-fidelity simulators exist. Ewes provide an appropriate model for pelvic anatomy and are well-suited for testing vaginal mesh properties. This article sets out a vaginal hysterectomy procedure for use as an education and training model...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098049/the-development-of-national-entrustable-professional-activities-to-inform-the-training-and-assessment-of-public-health-and-preventative-medicine-residents
#7
Brent Moloughney, Kieran Moore, Damon Dagnone, David Strong
Background: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) have emerged to bridge the gap between the learning of individual competencies and competence in real world practice. EPAs capture the critical core work of a discipline integrating competencies from multiple domains. This report describes the development of a set of EPAs for specialty training in Public Health and Preventive Medicine (PHPM) in Canada. Methods: The PHPM EPAs were developed using multiple existing sources...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079250/an-assessment-of-the-quality-of-ct-radiation-dose-information-on-the-internet
#8
Siobhán O'Neill, David Glynn, Kevin P Murphy, Karl James, Maria Twomey, Richard Kavanagh, Owen J O'Connor, Michael M Maher
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to ascertain the quality of health information related to CT radiation exposure using a simulated Internet search and from incident information that may be available during day-to-day Internet usage. METHODS: We entered 14 terms relating to information on CT dose into the most commonly used Internet search engine and analyzed the first 100 web page results for each. A Rich Search Site (RSS) feed search was also used to evaluate incidental information over a 12-week period in 2014...
January 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061144/an-evaluation-of-transport-mode-shift-policies-on-transport-related-physical-activity-through-simulations-based-on-random-forests
#9
Ruben Brondeel, Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is widely recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality, and transport accounts for a large part of people's daily physical activity. This study develops a simulation approach to evaluate the impact of the Ile-de-France Urban Mobility Plan (2010-2020) on physical activity, under the hypothesis that the intended transport mode shifts are realized. METHODS: Based on the Global Transport Survey (2010, n = 21,332) and on the RECORD GPS Study (2012-2013, n = 229) from the French capital region of Paris (Ile-de-France), a simulation method was designed and tested...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027967/cusp-catastrophe-regression-and-its-application-in-public-health-and-behavioral-research
#10
Ding-Geng Chen, Xinguang Chen
The cusp catastrophe model is an innovative approach for investigating a phenomenon that consists of both continuous and discrete changes in one modeling framework. However, its application to empirical health and behavior data has been hindered by the complexity in data-model fit. In this study, we reported our work in the development of a new modeling method-cusp catastrophe regression (RegCusp in short) by casting the cusp catastrophe into a statistical regression. With the RegCusp approach, unbiased model parameters can be estimated with the maximum likelihood estimation method...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988460/toolbox-of-assessment-tools-of-technical-skills-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mathilde Labbé, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To support the development of programs of assessment of technical skills in the operating room (OR), we systematically reviewed the literature to identify assessment tools specific to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS) core procedures and summarized their characteristics. METHODS: We systematically searched Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane to identify and report on assessment tools that can be used to assess residents' technical surgical skills in the operating room for OTL-HNS core procedures...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924869/the-educational-potential-of-youtube
#12
Haley T Godwin, Murtaza Khan, Peter Yellowlees
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to examine the educational potential and effectiveness of a 3 min video clip of a simulation of schizophrenia published online at YouTube. METHOD: Researchers examined the 267 public comments published on the video-sharing website YouTube over 8 years by viewers of a schizophrenia simulation video titled "virtual hallucinations" made in the Second Life game platform. Comments were independently categorized into six groupings, then cooperatively finalized, and qualitatively analyzed...
September 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845722/the-pillars-of-well-constructed-simulated-patient-programs-a-qualitative-study-with-experienced-educators
#13
Shane A Pritchard, Felicity C Blackstock, Jennifer L Keating, Debra Nestel
INTRODUCTION: The inclusion of simulated patients (SPs) in health professional education is growing internationally. However, there is limited evidence for best practice in SP methodology. This study investigated how experienced SP educators support SPs in providing SP-based education for health professional students. METHODS: Experienced SP educators were identified via relevant professional associations, peer-reviewed publications, and peer referral. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted via telephone...
August 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845610/dc-obesity-a-new-model-for-estimating-differential-lifetime-costs-of-overweight-and-obesity-by-socioeconomic-status
#14
Diana Sonntag, Marc N Jarczok, Shehzad Ali
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the magnitude of lifetime costs of overweight and obesity by socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: Differential Costs (DC)-Obesity is a new model that uses time-to-event simulation and the Markov modeling approach to compare lifetime excess costs of overweight and obesity among individuals with low, middle, and high SES. SES was measured by a multidimensional aggregated index based on level of education, occupational class, and income by using longitudinal data of the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP)...
September 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843948/the-value-of-simulation-based-learning-in-pre-licensure-nurse-education-a-state-of-the-art-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Robyn P Cant, Simon J Cooper
Simulation modalities are numerous in nursing education, with a need to reveal their range and impact. We reviewed current evidence for effectiveness of medium to high fidelity simulation as an education mode in pre-licensure/pre-registration nurse education. A state-of-the-art review and meta-analyses was conducted based on a systematic search of publications in English between 2010 and 2015. Of 72 included studies, 43 were quantitative primary studies (mainly quasi-experimental designs), 13 were qualitative studies and 16 were reviews of literature...
November 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825978/the-effect-of-an-interprofessional-simulation-based-education-program-on-perceptions-and-stereotypes-of-nursing-and-medical-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#16
Kelly S Lockeman, Nital P Appelbaum, Alan W Dow, Shelly Orr, Tanya A Huff, Christopher J Hogan, Brenda A Queen
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is intended to train practitioners to collaboratively address challenges in healthcare delivery, and interprofessional simulation-based education (IPSE) provides realistic, contextual learning experiences in which roles, responsibilities, and professional identity can be learned, developed, and assessed. Reducing negative stereotypes within interprofessional relationships is a prime target for IPSE. OBJECTIVES: We sought to understand whether perceptions of interprofessional education and provider stereotypes change among nursing and medical students after participating in IPSE...
November 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800209/using-local-clinical-educators-and-shared-resources-to-deliver-simulation-training-activities-across-rural-and-remote-south-australia-and-south-west-victoria-a-distributed-collaborative-model
#17
Stacey C Masters, Sandi Elliott, Sarah Boyd, James A Dunbar
PROBLEM: There is a lack of access to simulation-based education (SBE) for professional entry students (PES) and health professionals at rural and remote locations. DESIGN: A descriptive study. SETTING: Health and education facilities in regional South Australia and south-west Victoria. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: Number of training recipients who participated in SBE; geographical distribution and locations where SBE was delivered; number of rural clinical educators providing SBE...
August 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765716/simulation-training-in-neurosurgery-advances-in-education-and-practice
#18
REVIEW
Sanjay Konakondla, Reginald Fong, Clemens M Schirmer
The current simulation technology used for neurosurgical training leaves much to be desired. Significant efforts are thoroughly exhausted in hopes of developing simulations that translate to give learners the "real-life" feel. Though a respectable goal, this may not be necessary as the application for simulation in neurosurgical training may be most useful in early learners. The ultimate uniformly agreeable endpoint of improved outcome and patient safety drives these investments. We explore the development, availability, educational taskforces, cost burdens and the simulation advancements in neurosurgical training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753109/anticipation-and-response-pandemic-influenza-in-malawi-2009
#19
Evanson Z Sambala, Lenore Manderson
BACKGROUND: In 2006, Malawi developed a national influenza plan to mitigate, prevent and manage the burden of infection should an outbreak occur. In 2009, it translated its contingency plan to respond to the unfolding influenza pandemic. However, little is known of how Malawi translated its national influenza plan into response actions, or the success of these responses. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how Malawi translated its preparedness plan and so broaden our understanding of the outcomes of the responses...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684710/community-engaged-modeling-of-geographic-and-demographic-patterns-of-multiple-public-health-risk-factors
#20
Komal Basra, M Patricia Fabian, Raymond R Holberger, Robert French, Jonathan I Levy
Many health risk factors are intervention targets within communities, but information regarding high-risk subpopulations is rarely available at a geographic resolution that is relevant for community-scale interventions. Researchers and community partners in New Bedford, Massachusetts (USA) collaboratively identified high-priority behaviors and health outcomes of interest available in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). We developed multivariable regression models from the BRFSS explaining variability in exercise, fruit and vegetable consumption, body mass index, and diabetes prevalence as a function of demographic and behavioral characteristics, and linked these models with population microdata developed using spatial microsimulation to characterize high-risk populations and locations...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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