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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863499/what-do-health-workers-in-timor-leste-want-know-and-do-findings-from-a-national-health-labour-market-survey
#1
Xiaohui Hou, Sophie Witter, Rashid U Zaman, Kay Engelhardt, Firdaus Hafidz, Fernanda Julia, Christophe Lemiere, Eileen B Sullivan, Estanislau Saldanha, Toomas Palu, Tomas Lievens
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to understand the labour market dynamics among health workers, including their preferences and concerns, and to assess the skills, competence and performance (i.e. the 'know-do gap') of doctors working in Timor-Leste. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was implemented in all 13 districts of Timor-Leste in 2014. We surveyed 443 health workers, including 175 doctors, 150 nurses and 118 midwives (about 20% of the health workers in the country)...
November 18, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830063/a-fully-featured-combine-archive-of-a-simulation-study-on-syncytial-mitotic-cycles-in-drosophila-embryos
#2
Martin Scharm, Dagmar Waltemath
COMBINE archives are standardised containers for data files related to a simulation study in computational biology. This manuscript describes a fully featured archive of a previously published simulation study, including (i) the original publication, (ii) the model, (iii) the analyses, and (iv) metadata describing the files and their origin. With the archived data at hand, it is possible to reproduce the results of the original work. The archive can be used for both, educational and research purposes. Anyone may reuse, extend and update the archive to make it a valuable resource for the scientific community...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806496/assessment-of-a-regression-method-to-reclassify-deaths-attributable-to-heart-failure
#3
Patricia A Metcalf, Michelle L Meyer, Chirayath M Suchindran, Gerardo Heiss
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of cause-specific mortality for public health research depends on accurate death certificates and vital records. However, ill-defined causes of death (termed garbage codes), such as heart failure, are often listed as the underlying cause of death. We examined a regression method proposed by Ahern and colleagues for redistributing deaths attributed to heart failure and compared it to a simulation of the regression method by bootstrapping. METHODS: Deaths attributed to heart failure in four U...
July 12, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805933/a-home-healthcare-nursing-competency-tool-kit
#4
Ruby M Gabbedon
As a result of the Affordable Care Act, increases in aging populations, and advances in technologies, there is a critical need for highly qualified, competent home healthcare nurses. According to the Joint Commission's Human Resource Standard, home healthcare nurses must demonstrate their competency at least every 3 years by participating in in-service education (). Unfortunately, not all home healthcare agencies (HHA) are accredited by the Joint Commissions. A review of several states healthcare regulatory rules-specifically California, New York, Nevada, and Virginia, reveals no mandates for home healthcare nurses to demonstrate competencies for skills specific for home healthcare nursing...
November 2016: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783428/new-curricular-design-in-biostatistics-to-prepare-residents-for-an-evidence-based-practice-and-life-long-learning-education-a-pilot-approach
#5
A Arias, O A Peters, I L Broyles
AIM: To develop, implement and evaluate an innovative curriculum in biostatistics in response to the needs of fostering critical thinking in graduate health care education for evidence-based practice and life-long learning education. METHODOLOGY: The curriculum was designed for first-year residents in a postgraduate endodontic program using a six-step approach to curriculum development to provide sufficient understanding to critically evaluate biomedical publications, to design the best research strategy to address a specific problem and to analyse data by appropriate statistical test selection...
October 26, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666525/disaster-preparedness-among-university-students-in-guangzhou-china-assessment-of-status-and-demand-for-disaster-education
#6
Yibing Tan, Xiaolan Liao, Haihao Su, Chun Li, Jiagen Xiang, Zhaoyang Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 aims. First, we evaluated the current levels of disaster preparedness among university students in southern China. Second, we assessed students' demands for future disaster education. In addition, we examined the influence of demographic factors on current disaster preparedness status and demand. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. The data were collected from 1893 students in 10 universities in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega (GHEM) center...
September 26, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665697/participation-of-patient-community-members-in-communication-classes-for-dental-students-at-tokyo-dental-college
#7
Naoko Takahashi, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Satoshi Murakami, SoIchiro Hirata, Naoki Sugihara, Riuji Mochizuki, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Yuko Sato, Eiji Kawada
In 2009, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology launched its "Program for Promoting University Education and Student Support, Theme A: Program for Promoting University Education Reform". The ministry's stated aims were to 1) enhance student training centered on the needs of the individual patient; 2) improve their ability to make comprehensive diagnosis and treatment plans; and 3) instill high ethical standards and good communication skills. One of the main pillars of this project was to establish an educational organization aimed at encouraging public participation, the "Patient Community"...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640891/preparing-emergency-physicians-for-acute-disaster-response-a-review-of-current-training-opportunities-in-the-us
#8
Bhakti Hansoti, Dylan S Kellogg, Sara J Aberle, Morgan C Broccoli, Jeffrey Feden, Arthur French, Charles M Little, Brooks Moore, Joseph Sabato, Tara Sheets, R Weinberg, Pat Elmes, Christopher Kang
: Study Objective This study aimed to review available disaster training options for health care providers, and to provide specific recommendations for developing and delivering a disaster-response-training program for non-disaster-trained emergency physicians, residents, and trainees prior to acute deployment. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature of the existing training options for health care providers was conducted to provide specific recommendations...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615523/reducing-avoidable-deaths-from-failure-to-rescue-a-discussion-paper
#9
James Waldie, Stephen Tee, Tina Day
AIM: This article proposes a radical new approach to the monitoring and governance of services, and the education and training of nurses to meet 'failure to rescue' requirements. BACKGROUND: Healthcare policy in the UK that seeks to ensure safe and effective services for the acutely ill has largely failed, resulting in adult patients dying unnecessarily. Despite grand rhetoric, UK governments have distanced themselves from implementation, resulting in patchy localised developments and creating inconsistent service responses...
September 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602706/prelicensure-simulation-enhanced-interprofessional-education-a-critical-review-of-the-research-literature
#10
Janice C Palaganas, Veronique Brunette, Betty Winslow
This review explores the state of prelicensure interprofessional education (IPE) using simulation-based education (SBE) by examining studies that use SBE for prelicensure IPE through a critical review of the research literature. We focus particularly on studies that included experiential SBE with reported measures and formal IPE with prelicensure participants from at least 2 health care professions. Fifty-four studies met criteria. We explore these studies, providing a compilation of information (e.g., educational, simulation, and research methods used; outcome measures reported; and demographics of learner groups), identifying themes that may affect learning, as well as surfacing challenges and gaps in the field...
September 3, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598272/-in-silico-evaluation-of-an-aviar-influenza-ah5n1-virus-outbreak-with-human-to-human-transmission-effects-of-sanitary-measures-in-valencia-venezuela-2012
#11
Mariana Reggeti, Emilse Romero, Antonio Eblen-Zajjur
BACKGROUND: There is a risk for an avian influenza AH5N1 virus pandemia. AIM: To estimate the magnitude and impact of an AH5N1 pandemic in areas of Latin-America in order to design interventions and to reduce morbidity-mortality. METHODS: The InfluSim program was used to simulate a highly pathogenic AH5N1 aviar virus epidemic outbreak with human to human transmission in Valencia, Venezuela. We estimated the day of maximal number of cases, number of moderately and severely ill patients, exposed individuals, deaths and associated costs for 5 different interventions: absence of any intervention; implementation of antiviral treatment; reduction of 20% in population general contacts; closure of 20% of educational institutions; and reduction of 50% in massive public gatherings...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590663/reducing-behavior-problems-among-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-coaching-teachers-in-a-mixed-reality-setting
#12
Elise T Pas, Stacy R Johnson, Kristine E Larson, Linda Brandenburg, Robin Church, Catherine P Bradshaw
Most approaches aiming to reduce behavior problems among youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on individual students; however, school personnel also need professional development to better support students. This study targeted teachers' skill development to promote positive outcomes for students with ASD. The sample included 19 teachers in two non-public special education settings serving students with moderate to severe ASD. Participating teachers received professional development and coaching in classroom management, with guided practice in a mixed-reality simulator...
December 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579364/basic-practical-skills-teaching-and-learning-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-review-on-methodological-evidence
#13
Daniela Vogel, Sigrid Harendza
OBJECTIVE: Practical skills are an essential part of physicians' daily routine. Nevertheless, medical graduates' performance of basic skills is often below the expected level. This review aims to identify and summarize teaching approaches of basic practical skills in undergraduate medical education which provide evidence with respect to effective students' learning of these skills. METHODS: Basic practical skills were defined as basic physical examination skills, routine skills which get better with practice, and skills which are also performed by nurses...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521808/a-statewide-controlled-trial-intervention-to-reduce-use-of-unproven-or-ineffective-breast-cancer-care
#14
Liliana E Pezzin, Purushottam Laud, Joan Neuner, Tina W F Yen, Ann B Nattinger
BACKGROUND: Challenged by public opinion, peers and the Congressional Budget Office, medical specialty societies have begun to develop "Top Five" lists of expensive procedures that do not provide meaningful benefit to at least some categories of patients for whom they are commonly ordered. The extent to which these lists have influenced the behavior of physicians or patients, however, remains unknown. METHODS: We partner with a statewide consortium of health systems to examine the effectiveness of two interventions: (i) "basic" public reporting and (ii) an "enhanced" intervention, augmenting public reporting with a smart phone-based application that gives providers just-in-time information, decision-making tools, and personalized patient education materials to support reductions in the use of eight breast cancer interventions targeted by Choosing Wisely® or oncology society guidelines...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490462/impact-factors-and-prediction-of-popular-topics-in-a-journal
#15
M B Nielsen, K Seitz
The impact factor (IF) for 2015 was recently released and this could be the time to once again reflect on its use as a metric of a journal. Problems and concerns regarding the IF have been addressed extensively elsewhere 1 2. The principle of the IF for a given year is that it represents the average number of citations of articles published in the journal in the two previous years.While authors frequently cite the IF as a determining factor for submission, the IF does not predict how many times individual articles will be cited...
August 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488258/a-literature-review-of-the-training-offered-to-qualified-prescribers-to-use-electronic-prescribing-systems-why-is-it-so-important
#16
Clare L Brown, Katie Reygate, Ann Slee, Jamie J Coleman, Sarah K Pontefract, David W Bates, Andrew K Husband, Neil Watson, Sarah P Slight
OBJECTIVES: A key element of the implementation and ongoing use of an electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) system is ensuring that users are, and remain, sufficiently trained to use the system. Studies have suggested that insufficient training is associated with suboptimal use. However, it is not clear from these studies how clinicians are trained to use ePrescribing systems or the effectiveness of different approaches. We sought to describe the various approaches used to train qualified prescribers on ePrescribing systems and to identify whether users were educated about the pitfalls and challenges of using these systems...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295396/interprofessional-collaborative-practice-incorporating-training-for-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-for-healthcare-providers-in-rural-areas
#17
Kathy Puskar, Ann M Mitchell, Susan A Albrecht, Linda R Frank, Irene Kane, Holly Hagle, Dawn Lindsay, Heeyoung Lee, Marie Fioravanti, Kimberly S Talcott
Interprofessional collaborative practice expands resources in rural and underserved communities. This article explores the impact of an online education programme on the perceptions of healthcare providers about interprofessional care within alcohol and drug use screening for rural residents. Nurses, behavioural health counsellors, and public health professionals participated in an evidence-based practice (screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment-SBIRT) model that targets individuals who use alcohol and other drugs in a risky manner...
July 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209030/training-and-assessment-of-hysteroscopic-skills-a-systematic-review
#18
Mona Meral Savran, Stine Maya Dreier Sørensen, Lars Konge, Martin G Tolsgaard, Flemming Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify studies on hysteroscopic training and assessment. DESIGN: PubMed, Excerpta Medica, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched in January 2015. Manual screening of references and citation tracking were also performed. Studies on hysteroscopic educational interventions were selected without restrictions on study design, populations, language, or publication year. A qualitative data synthesis including the setting, study participants, training model, training characteristics, hysteroscopic skills, assessment parameters, and study outcomes was performed by 2 authors working independently...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206714/an-evaluation-of-computerized-adaptive-testing-for-general-psychological-distress-combining-ghq-12-and-affectometer-2-in-an-item-bank-for-public-mental-health-research
#19
Jan Stochl, Jan R Böhnke, Kate E Pickett, Tim J Croudace
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in psychometric modeling and technology allow pooling well-validated items from existing instruments into larger item banks and their deployment through methods of computerized adaptive testing (CAT). Use of item response theory-based bifactor methods and integrative data analysis overcomes barriers in cross-instrument comparison. This paper presents the joint calibration of an item bank for researchers keen to investigate population variations in general psychological distress (GPD)...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197091/a-budget-proposal-for-china-s-public-long-term-care-policy
#20
Bei Lu, Xiaoting Liu, Mingxu Yang
Long-Term Care (LTC) policy is at an experimental stage in China, characterised by various regional pilot programmes. The public cost of LTC is difficult to estimate due to a lack of clarity about policy detail from the central government. This paper analyses the current disabled status for vulnerable older people without sufficiently financial resources and family supports. It focuses on estimating a safety net public subsidy policy to LTC services in China, both for today and into the future, using CHARLS data (China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey, 2011 wave) with the methods of Multinomial Logistic Regression and Simulation...
May 19, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
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