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simulation for public education

Viktor Riklefs, Gulmira Abakassova, Aliya Bukeyeva, Sholpan Kaliyeva, Bakhtiyar Serik, Alma Muratova, Raushan Dosmagambetova
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Kazakhstan has been literally transformed in the past 10 years. Kazakhstan inherited the Soviet-time discipline-based teacher-centered system of education when no decisions could be made independently. The curriculum was mostly governed in a traditional way, with lectures being the core, little use of e-learning tools, and assessment through oral exams and multiple-choice questions. Most of the universities still preserve the subject-based curriculum with elements of integrated learning...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Cody L Dunne, Michael Parsons
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) has one of the highest provincial drowning rates in Canada, largely due to the many rural communities located near bodies of water. Factor in the province's cold climate (average NL's freshwater temperature is below 5.4°C)and the prevalence of winter recreational activities among the population, there exists an inherent risk of ice-related injuries and subsequent hypothermia. Oftentimes, these injuries occur in remote/rural settings where immediate support from Emergency Medical Services (EMS) may not be available...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
Dong Sun Shin, YoungJoo Shim, Bong Chul Kim
The purpose of this study was to describe anatomical consideration with reference to dermal filler injection on sectioned images and three dimensional (3D) models using Visible Korean for medical education and clinical training purposes in the field of facial surgery. Serially sectioned images of the head were acquired from a cadaver. Anatomic structures related to dermal filler injection were 3D-reconstructed based on sectioned images, and additional structures were built on the basis of the established ones using a semi-automatic method...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Catherine Chung, Simon J Cooper, Robyn P Cant, Cliff Connell, Angela McKay, Leigh Kinsman, Swapnali Gazula, Jayne Boyle, Amanda Cameron, Penny Cash, Lisa Evans, Jeong-Ah Kim, Rana Masud, Denise McInnes, Lisa Norman, Erika Penz, Thomas Rotter, Erin Tanti, Tom Breakspear
BACKGROUND: There are international concerns relating to the management of patient deterioration. The "failure to rescue" literature identifies that nursing staff miss cues of deterioration and often fail to call for assistance. Simulation-based educational approaches may improve nurses' recognition and management of patient deterioration. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the educational impact of the First2Act web-based (WB) and face-to-face (F2F) simulation programs...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Jessica B Stokes-Parish, Robbert Duvivier, Brian Jolly
BACKGROUND: Simulation Based Education (SBE) is used as a primer for clinical education in nursing and other health professions. Participant engagement strategies and good debriefing have been identified as key for effective simulations. The environment in which the simulation is situated also plays a large role in the degree of participant engagement. Various cues are staged within simulations to enhance this engagement process. Moulage techniques are used in current-day simulation to mimic illnesses and wounds, acting as visual and tactile cues for the learner...
February 15, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Ju-Young Lee, Soon Hee Lee, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite the increase in simulators at nursing schools and the high expectations regarding simulation for nursing education, the unique features of integrating simulation-based education into the curriculum are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the curriculum development process of simulation-based educational interventions in nursing in Korea. DESIGN: Integrative review of literature used. DATA SOURCES: Korean Studies Information Services System (KISS), Korean Medical Database (KMbase), KoreaMed, Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), and National Digital Library (NDL)...
February 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Iouri Gorbanev, Sandra Agudelo-Londoño, Rafael A González, Ariel Cortes, Alexandra Pomares, Vivian Delgadillo, Francisco J Yepes, Óscar Muñoz
INTRODUCTION: The literature shows an optimistic landscape for the effectiveness of games in medical education. Nevertheless, games are not considered mainstream material in medical teaching. Two research questions that arise are the following: What pedagogical strategies do developers use when creating games for medical education? And what is the quality of the evidence on the effectiveness of games? METHODS: A systematic review was made by a multi-disciplinary team of researchers following the Cochrane Collaboration Guidelines...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Akgul Ahmet, Kus Gamze, Mustafaoglu Rustem, Karaborklu Argut Sezen
OBJECTIVE: Visual signs draw more attention during the learning process. Video is one of the most effective tool including a lot of visual cues. This systematic review set out to explore the influence of video in surgical education. We reviewed the current evidence for the video-based surgical education methods, discuss the advantages and disadvantages on the teaching of technical and nontechnical surgical skills. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Franziska Kühne, Destina Sevde Ay, Mara Jasmin Otterbeck, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVES: The use of simulated and standardized patients (SP) is widely accepted in the medical field and, from there, is beginning to disseminate into clinical psychology and psychotherapy. The purpose of this study was therefore to systematically review barriers and facilitators that should be considered in the implementation of SP interventions specific to clinical psychology and psychotherapy. METHODS: Following current guidelines, a scoping review was conducted...
February 8, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Caz Hales, Lesley Gray, Lynne Russell, Carol MacDonald
Extremely obese patients pose significant challenges for those who strive to provide care. The prevalence and consequences of weight bias and stigma in health care have been well documented, but research on how to reduce weight bias and stigma is limited. To assess the impact of simulating obesity on the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals toward extreme obesity, a qualitative study involving 6 registered nurses and 1 registered physiotherapist was conducted between November 2015 and May 2016...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Kate Carolan, Joanna Verran, Matthew Crossley, James Redfern, Nicola Whitton, Martyn Amos
BACKGROUND: Current immunisation levels in England currently fall slightly below the threshold recommended by the World Health Organization, and the three-year trend for vaccination uptake is downwards. Attitudes towards vaccination can affect future decisions on whether or not to vaccinate, and this can have significant public health implications. Interventions can impact future vaccination decisions, and these interventions can take several forms. Relatively little work has been reported on the use of vaccination interventions in young people, who form the next generation of individuals likely to make vaccination decisions...
2018: PloS One
Nasser Sharareh, Nasim S Sabounchi, Amanda Roome, Rita Spathis, Ralph M Garruto
The number of Lyme disease (LD) cases in the northeastern United States has been dramatically increasing with over 300 000 new cases each year. This is due to numerous factors interacting over time including low public awareness of LD, risk behaviours and clothing choices, ecological and climatic factors, an increase in rodents within ecologically fragmented peri-urban built environments and an increase in tick density and infectivity in such environments. We have used a system dynamics (SD) approach to develop a simulation tool to evaluate the significance of risk factors in replicating historical trends of LD cases, and to investigate the influence of different interventions, such as increasing awareness, controlling clothing risk and reducing mouse populations, in reducing LD risk...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Aidin Parnia, Nikoo Yamani, Ahmadreza Zamani, Shervin Badihian, Navid Manouchehri, Maryam Fakhri
Background: A serious challenge to educate health staff for public health is to appear encouraging enough to persuade them for learning issues on this field and implementing new educational methods and innovative ways. Iran International Public Health Summer School (IPHS) made an effort to provide medical sciences students with a fortune to get familiar with and involved in public health. This study intended to evaluate the efficacy of this event. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in March-April 2015 by the help of an electronic self-administered questionnaire filled out by 49 Iranian participants 6 months after IPHS2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
Dan Hunt, Debra Klamen, Ronald M Harden, Farzand Ali
Publications and organizations ranking medical schools rely heavily on schools' research-oriented and grant-success data because those are the publicly available data. To address the vacuum of evidence for medical education quality, in 2012 the Association of Education in Europe (AMEE) introduced an initiative entitled A Schools Programme for International Recognition of Excellence in Education (ASPIRE) awards. ASPIRE panels of international experts in specific areas of medical education have developed internationally peer-based criteria to benchmark excellence in social accountability, student engagement, student assessment, faculty development, and simulation; they plan to publish criteria on curriculum design and development in 2018...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Igo B Ribeiro, Janet M Ngu, Buu-Khanh Lam, Roger A Edwards
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training has been an important part of the solution to address the shortfalls in cardiac surgery training. This review aims at identifying and systematically summarizing existing evidence on outcomes and methodological quality of simulation-based skills training for cardiac surgery trainees. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and ERIC were searched. Studies included peer-reviewed publications with simulation-based skill training in cardiac surgery programs with outcome measures of performance...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sammy Saab, Long Le, Satvir Saggi, Vinay Sundaram, Myron Tong
The emergence of effective direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents has reignited discussion over hepatitis C elimination potential in the United States. Eliminating hepatitis C will require a critical examination regarding technical feasibility, economic considerations, and social/political attention. Tremendous advancement has been made in recent years with the availability of sensitive diagnostic tests and highly effective DAAs capable of achieving sustained viral response (SVR) in more than 95% of patients...
November 27, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Yohan Kerbage, Michel Cosson, Thomas Hubert, Géraldine Giraudet
BACKGROUND: Despite being linked to improving patient outcomes and limiting costs, the use of vaginal hysterectomy is on the wane. Although a combination of reasons might explain this trend, one cause is a lack of practical training. An appropriate teaching model must therefore be devised. Currently, only low-fidelity simulators exist. Ewes provide an appropriate model for pelvic anatomy and are well-suited for testing vaginal mesh properties. This article sets out a vaginal hysterectomy procedure for use as an education and training model...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Brent Moloughney, Kieran Moore, Damon Dagnone, David Strong
Background: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) have emerged to bridge the gap between the learning of individual competencies and competence in real world practice. EPAs capture the critical core work of a discipline integrating competencies from multiple domains. This report describes the development of a set of EPAs for specialty training in Public Health and Preventive Medicine (PHPM) in Canada. Methods: The PHPM EPAs were developed using multiple existing sources...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
Siobhán O'Neill, David Glynn, Kevin P Murphy, Karl James, Maria Twomey, Richard Kavanagh, Owen J O'Connor, Michael M Maher
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to ascertain the quality of health information related to CT radiation exposure using a simulated Internet search and from incident information that may be available during day-to-day Internet usage. METHODS: We entered 14 terms relating to information on CT dose into the most commonly used Internet search engine and analyzed the first 100 web page results for each. A Rich Search Site (RSS) feed search was also used to evaluate incidental information over a 12-week period in 2014...
January 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Ruben Brondeel, Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is widely recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality, and transport accounts for a large part of people's daily physical activity. This study develops a simulation approach to evaluate the impact of the Ile-de-France Urban Mobility Plan (2010-2020) on physical activity, under the hypothesis that the intended transport mode shifts are realized. METHODS: Based on the Global Transport Survey (2010, n = 21,332) and on the RECORD GPS Study (2012-2013, n = 229) from the French capital region of Paris (Ile-de-France), a simulation method was designed and tested...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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