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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731576/influence-of-trainee-involvement-on-procedural-characteristics-for-linear-endobronchial-ultrasound
#1
Sébastien Nguyen, Nancy Ferland, Stéphane Beaudoin, Simon Martel, Mathieu Simon, Francis Laberge, Noel Lampron, Marc Fortin, Antoine Delage
BACKGROUND: Linear endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a safe and effective method for the diagnostic sampling of mediastinal lymph nodes. However, there is a learning curve associated with the procedure and operator experience influences diagnostic yield. We sought to determine if trainee involvement during EBUS influences procedural characteristics, complication rate, and diagnostic yield. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 220 subjects who underwent an EBUS procedure at our center from December 2012 to June 2013...
July 21, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730774/laparoscopic-colectomy-for-serosa-positive-colon-cancer-pt4a-in-patients-with-preoperative-diagnosis-of-cancer-without-serosal-invasion
#2
Shenglong Guo, Detao Tang, Xiaojun Chen, Ming Chen, Yaqian Xiang
PURPOSE: Although general surgeons normally perform laparoscopic colectomies in patients with colon cancer, the procedure is also indicated for serosa-negative tumors (≤ cT3). Serosal invasion (T4a) is regarded as a potential risk factor for peritoneal dissemination due to pneumoperitoneum effects and tumor manipulation during laparoscopic colectomy. We compared short- and long-term outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic and open colectomies for serosa-involving colon cancer (pT4a) and had a preoperative diagnosis of cancer without serosal invasion (≤cT3)...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730176/thrombectomy-combined-with-indwelling-catheter-thrombolysis-is-more-effective-than-pure-thrombectomy-for-the-treatment-of-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#3
Wenli Wang, Yanfang Wu, Tao Fang, Dunyuan Xu
This study was a retrospective analysis of the efficacy of thrombectomy plus local catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for the treatment of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LDVT). The experimental group underwent thrombectomy plus LCDT, whereas the control group underwent thrombectomy plus systemic thrombolysis via the dorsalis pedis vein. Venography and vascular color Doppler ultrasound were performed 7 days after surgery and at follow-up. The differences in the thigh and calf circumferences of normal and affected limbs were compared between groups...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729778/effect-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-on-differential-diagnosis-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-and-arterial-phase-enhanced-hepatic-inflammatory-lesions
#4
Shanshan Yin, Qiuli Cui, Kun Yan, Wei Yang, Wei Wu, Liping Bao, Minhua Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differential diagnosis between intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and arterial phase enhanced hepatic inflammatory lesions in patients without liver cirrhosis using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). METHODS: ICC and hepatic inflammatory lesions cases with CEUS and pathological diagnosis between Sep 2013 and Oct 2016 were investigated retrospectively. Imaging features of conventional ultrasound and CEUS were analyzed. The parameters of time intensity curve (TIC), including the arrival time, peak intensity (PI) in the lesions, the starting time for washout, and the intensity difference at 3 min (ΔI3) after contrast agent infection between the lesion and the liver parenchyma, were compared between ICC and hepatic inflammatory lesions...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729408/femoral-artery-atherosclerosis-is-associated-with-physical-function-across-the-spectrum-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-the-san-diego-population-study
#5
Christina L Wassel, Alicia M Ellis, Natalie C Suder, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Dena E Rifkin, Nketi I Forbang, Julie O Denenberg, Antoinette M Marasco, Belinda J McQuaide, Nancy S Jenny, Matthew A Allison, Joachim H Ix, Michael H Criqui
BACKGROUND: The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is inadequate to detect early-stage atherosclerotic disease, when interventions to prevent functional decline may be the most effective. We determined associations of femoral artery atherosclerosis with physical functioning, across the spectrum of the ABI, and within the normal ABI range. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2007-2011, 1103 multiethnic men and women participated in the San Diego Population Study, and completed all components of the summary performance score...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728406/early-weaning-of-calves-after-different-dietary-regimens-affects-later-rumen-development-growth-and-carcass-traits-in-hanwoo-cattle
#6
Kondreddy Eswar Reddy, JinYoung Jeong, Youl-Chang Baek, Young Kyun Oh, Minseok Kim, Kyung Min So, Min Ji Kim, Dong Woon Kim, Sung Kwon Park, Hyun-Jeong Lee
Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of different diets for early-weaned (EW) calves on rumen development, and how this affects fat deposition in the longissimus dorsi of adult Korean Hanwoo beef cattle. Methods: Three EW groups were established (each n = 12) in which two- week-old Hanwoo calves were fed for ten weeks with milk replacer + concentrate (T1), milk replacer + concentrate + roughage (T2), or milk replacer + concentrate + 30% starch (T3); a control group (n = 12) was weaned as normal...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728157/3-d-volume-assessment-of-the-corpus-callosum-and-cerebellar-vermis-using-various-volume-acquisition-and-post-processing-protocols
#7
Veronika Frisova, Martina Srutova, Jon Hyett
OBJECTIVES: To determine which 3-D techniques are most effective for "real time" prenatal ultrasound assessment of the corpus callosum and cerebellar vermis. METHODS: A prospective study involving 100 consecutive normal singleton pregnancies attending routine anomaly scan at 19-23 weeks' gestation. Midsagittal structures of the fetal brain were assessed using six different methods of 3-D image acquisition and three post-processing techniques. The quality of the resulting images were then assessed and scored by a second operator...
July 21, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728071/effect-of-dienogest-on-pain-and-ovarian-endometrioma-occurrence-after-laparoscopic-resection-of-uterosacral-ligaments-with-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#8
Akiyoshi Yamanaka, Tomonori Hada, Tsuyoshi Matsumoto, Kiyoshi Kanno, Akira Shirane, Shiori Yanai, Saori Nakajima, Keiko Ebisawa, Yoshiaki Ota, Masaaki Andou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of dienogest (DNG) in preventing the occurrence of pain and endometriomas after laparoscopic resection of uterosacral ligaments (USLs) with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective analysis included 126 patients who underwent laparoscopic resection of USLs with DIE followed by postoperative administration of DNG or no medication. Every 6 months postoperatively, patients answered questions and underwent ultrasound examination to identify pain and/or endometrioma...
July 11, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727500/risk-stratification-of-adnexal-cysts-and-cystic-masses-clinical-performance-of-society-of-radiologists-in-ultrasound-guidelines
#9
Katherine E Maturen, Alexander D Blaty, Ashish P Wasnik, Krupa Patel-Lippmann, Jessica B Robbins, Lisa Barroilhet, Laura B Huffman, Elizabeth A Sadowski
Purpose To evaluate the performance of the 2010 Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (SRU) consensus guidelines in the risk stratification of symptomatic and asymptomatic adnexal cysts. Materials and Methods An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was performed, including adnexal cysts detected with ultrasonography (US) with surgical diagnosis or at least 2 years of imaging or clinical follow-up, from January to June 2011. SRU management recommendations were scored as 0, no follow-up; 1, US follow-up; 2, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging follow-up; and 3, surgical evaluation...
July 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727383/outcomes-of-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolitotomy-in-infants-single-centre-experience
#10
Eyyup Sabri Pelit, Bülent Kati, Cengiz Çanakci, Süleyman Sağir, Halil Çiftçi
OBJECTIVES: The present study was aim to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Mini-PNL to treat kidney stones in patients aged <3 years. This is the one of the largest series in the literature in this age group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 2012 to April 2016, the medical records of 74 infant patients who underwent mini-PNL for renal stones were reviewed retrospectively. All infants were evaluated with the plain abdominal radiograph, urinary ultrasound, noncontrast computerized tomography and/or intravenous urogram...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727094/effects-of-adding-minimally-refined-cottonseed-oil-or-crude-glycerol-to-diets-containing-40-corn-distiller-s-dried-grains-with-solubles-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-pork-fat-firmness-of-growing-finishing-pigs
#11
C C E J Villela, R B Cox, G C Shurson, K M Compart, P E Urriola, L J Johnston
Diets containing more than 20% distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) reduce fat firmness in pork, but supplementation of cottonseed oil or crude glycerol may improve fat firmness. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of feeding minimally refined cottonseed oil or crude glycerol on growth performance, carcass composition, and fat quality of growing-finishing pigs. Mixed sex pigs ( = 216; 24 ± 4 kg initial BW) were blocked by BW and allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments: 1) a basal corn-soybean meal diet with 40% DDGS (CON), 2) CON diet plus 5% minimally refined cottonseed oil added throughout the experiment (COT), or 3) CON fed during the first 8 wk and CON + 8% crude glycerol fed during the last 6 wk of the experiment (GLY)...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726993/genetic-parameters-for-wool-traits-live-weight-and-ultrasound-carcass-traits-in-merino-sheep
#12
S I Mortimer, S Hatcher, N M Fogarty, J H J van der Werf, D J Brown, A A Swan, J C Greeff, G Refshauge, J E Hocking Edwards, G M Gaunt
Genetic correlations between 29 wool production and quality traits and live weight and ultrasound fat depth (FAT) and eye muscle depth (EMD) traits were estimated from the Information Nucleus (IN). The IN comprised 8 genetically linked flocks managed across a range of Australian sheep production environments. The data were from a maximum of 9,135 progeny born over 5 yr from 184 Merino sires and 4,614 Merino dams. The wool traits included records for yearling and adult fleece weight, fiber diameter (FD), staple length (SL), fiber diameter CV (FDCV), scoured color, and visual scores for breech and body wrinkle...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726586/application-of-ureterorenoscope-and-flexible-ureterorenoscope-lithotripsy-in-removing-calculus-from-extracorporeal-living-donor-renal-graft-a-single-center-experience
#13
Chun-Hua Lin, Zuo-Fu Zhang, Jiahui Wang, Lu-Xin Yu, Wen-Ting Wang, Lei Shi, Xiang-Nan Lin
Here, we reported our clinical application of ureterorenoscope (URS) and flexible URS lithotripsy in stone removal on 10 cases of excised living donor kidney graft. After the extraction of donor kidney by retroperitoneal laparoscopy, the donor graft was perfused with 4 °C HCA solution. Calculus between 2-4 mm were removed intact with lithotomy forceps under direct vision of URS. Larger calculi of >4 mm were fractured with flexible URS combining holmium laser lithotripsy. Fragments of the calculus were extracted with basket extractor and lithotomy forceps...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725981/certolizumab-pegol-was-effective-for-treating-residual-synovitis-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-therapeutic-monitoring-by-ultrasound
#14
Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Tohru Michitsuji, Atsushi Kawakami
We present the case of a 59-year-old female who developed rheumatoid arthritis in 2007. Right total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was performed in 2008. Although she was treated with methotrexate (MTX) after the operation, this treatment was insufficient. Infliximab (IFX) was introduced in 2001, and she achieved clinical remission. Left TKA was performed in October 2014. Because active synovitis was not detected by ultrasound after the operation, IFX was discontinued. She had been treated with MTX 8 mg weekly. However, arthralgia of the bilateral knees developed in March 2015...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725977/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-supplementation-in-pediatric-steroid-sensitive-nephrotic-syndrome
#15
Sushmita Banerjee, Surupa Basu, Ananda Sen, Jayati Sengupta
BACKGROUND: Low serum levels of total 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) occur in nephrotic syndrome (NS). We aimed to assess the effects of vitamin D3 and calcium supplementation on 25(OH)D levels, bone mineralization, and NS relapse rate in children with steroid-sensitive NS. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed in children with steroid-sensitive NS. The treatment group received vitamin D3 (60,000 IU orally, weekly for 4 weeks) and calcium supplements (500 to 1,000 mg/day for 3 months) after achieving NS remission...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725941/endoscopic-stents-for-the-biliary-tree-and-pancreas
#16
REVIEW
Rajesh Krishnamoorthi, Mahendran Jayaraj, Richard Kozarek
OPINION STATEMENT: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recently published literature on biliary and pancreatic stents. RECENT FINDINGS: Covered self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) are increasingly being used in the endoscopic management of benign biliary strictures. Given the costs associated with SEMS, plastic stents are still the most commonly used stents. In this setting, SEMS are preferred over plastic stents for palliation of malignant biliary strictures due to superior patency and have a role in preoperative management of malignant biliary strictures...
July 20, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725596/utility-of-trigger-point-injection-as-an-adjunct-to-physical-therapy-in-men-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#17
Nicholas N Tadros, Anup B Shah, Daniel A Shoskes
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is often associated with pelvic floor muscle spasm. While pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) is effective, some men are unable to resolve their symptoms and have residual trigger points (TPs). TP injection has been used for treatment in several neuromuscular pain syndromes. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy and side effects of TP injection in men with CP/CPPS and pelvic floor spasm refractory to PT...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725587/multi-parametric-mri-imaging-of-the-prostate-implications-for-focal-therapy
#18
REVIEW
James S Wysock, Herbert Lepor
The primary goal of a focal therapy treatment paradigm is to achieve cancer control through targeted tissue destruction while simultaneously limiting deleterious effects on peri-prostatic structures. Focal therapy approaches are employed in several oncologic treatment protocols, and have been shown to provide equivalent cancer control for malignancies such as breast cancer and renal cell carcinoma. Efforts to develop a focal therapy approach for prostate cancer have been challenged by several concepts including the multifocal nature of the disease and limited capability of prostate ultrasound and systematic biopsy to reliably localize the site(s) and aggressiveness of disease...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723921/postnatal-dexamethasone-respiratory-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-two-years-in-babies-born-extremely-preterm
#19
Gordon Qin, Jessica W Lo, Neil Marlow, Sandy A Calvert, Anne Greenough, Janet L Peacock
IMPORTANCE: Postnatal dexamethasone is associated with reduction in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. There remains, however, concern that its short-term benefits are accompanied by long-term adverse effects e.g. poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the effects of administration of postnatal dexamethasone on respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcome at two years of age after adjusting for neonatal and infant risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 412 infants born at 23-28 weeks of gestation, 29% had received postnatal dexamethasone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723837/minimum-effective-volume-of-lidocaine-for-ultrasound-guided-costoclavicular-block
#20
Thitipan Sotthisopha, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Artid Samerchua, Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Aida Gordon, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q Tran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This dose-finding study aimed to determine the minimum effective volume in 90% of patients (MEV90) of lidocaine 1.5% with epinephrine 5 μg/mL for ultrasound-guided costoclavicular block. METHODS: Using an in-plane technique and a lateral-to-medial direction, the block needle was positioned in the middle of the 3 cords of the brachial plexus in the costoclavicular space. The entire volume of lidocaine was deposited in this location. Dose assignment was carried out using a biased-coin-design up-and-down sequential method, where the total volume of local anesthetic administered to each patient depended on the response of the previous one...
July 19, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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