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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334199/comparison-of-cabergoline-and-quinagolide-in-prevention-of-severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-among-patients-undergoing-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#1
Robabeh Taheripanah, Mahshid Vasef, Marzieh Zamaniyan, Anahita Taheripanah
Background: The aim of the current study is to compare quinagolide with cabergoline in prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) among high risk women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial study was performed from March 2015 to February 2017. One hundred and twenty six women undergoing ICSI who were at high risk of developing OHSS (having over 20 follicles of >12 mm), were randomized into two groups...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334176/the-effect-of-22-5-khz-low-frequency-contact-ultrasound-debridement-lfcud-on-lower-extremity-wound-healing-for-a-vascular-surgery-population-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Christine Anne Murphy, Pamela Houghton, Tim Brandys, Gregory Rose, Dianne Bryant
The aim of this study was to compare changes in wound size and appearance and health complication rates in patients with vasculopathy and lower-extremity wounds treated with or without low-frequency contact ultrasound debridement (LFCUD) This study was a randomised controlled trial. The study was conducted in a vascular surgery service, including outpatient wound clinic and inpatient ward, in a tertiary care academic centre. In total, 70 patients with vasculopathy and lower-extremity wounds of mixed aetiology were enrolled in the trial; 68 completed the study...
January 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333116/is-there-a-role-for-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-detection-and-biopsy-of-mri-only-visible-breast-lesions
#3
Aki Nykänen, Otso Arponen, Anna Sutela, Ritva Vanninen, Mazen Sudah
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and CEUS-guided interventions in the diagnostics of MRI visible targeted US occult breast lesions. Patients and methods: This retrospective study examined 10 females with 10 occult, MRI only detected breast lesions between July 2014 and April 2017. Targeted second look US followed by CEUS with 2.4 ml of SonoVue® were performed for all of the lesions. After positive CEUS localization the same dose was repeated for confirmation and CEUS-guided interventions were performed...
December 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332603/previous-use-of-statins-and-atrial-electrical-remodeling-in-patients-with-cryptogenic-stroke
#4
Maurizio Acampa, Pietro Enea Lazzerini, Francesca Guideri, Rossana Tassi, Andrea Lo Monaco, Giuseppe Martini
BACKGROUND: In the general population the leading cause of cardioembolic stroke is atrial fibrillation (AF). A silent AF is also the possible cause of many cryptogenic strokes. P wave dispersion (PWD), a predictor of AF, has been proposed as a marker of silent AF occurrence in these strokes. PWD correlates with high-sensitive C-reactive protein levels reflecting the role of inflammation in promoting a slowed and inhomogeneous atrial conduction. Statins have a multitude of additional effects beyond lipid lowering, in particular anti-inflammatory effects that may influence atrial conduction...
January 10, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332489/thermoacoustic-lensing-in-ultrasound-imaging-of-nonechogenic-tissue-during-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-exposure
#5
Matthew Jahns, Dan MacDougall, Robert B A Adamson
We develop a ray-tracing theory to describe the effects of thermoacoustic lensing during high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) on ultrasound images of reflectors lying distal to the HIFU focal region and discuss the application of thermal lensing effects to dose monitoring in HIFU therapy. By analyzing the effects of thermal and geometric delays of acoustic rays passing through a region of tissue undergoing localized heating, we show how the shape of a reflector distal to the heated region can be predicted and present experimental measurements in good agreement with the model...
January 1, 2018: Ultrasonic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332247/practical-advantages-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-abdominopelvic-radiology
#6
Praveen Ganti Ranganath, Michelle L Robbin, Susan J Back, Edward G Grant, David T Fetzer
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are two of the workhorse modalities of abdominopelvic radiology. However, these modalities are not without patient- and technique-specific limitations that may prevent a timely and accurate diagnosis. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an effective, rapid, and cost-effective imaging modality with expanding clinical utility in the United States. In this pictorial essay, we provide a case-based discussion demonstrating the practical advantages of CEUS in evaluating a variety of pathologies in which CT or MRI was precluded or insufficient...
January 13, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332086/current-and-expected-advances-in-deep-brain-stimulation-for-movement-disorders
#7
Ausaf A Bari, Jasmine Thum, Diana Babayan, Andres M Lozano
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become an established treatment for medically refractory movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia. The field of DBS continues to evolve with advances in patient selection, target identification, electrode and pulse generator technology, and the development of more effective stimulation paradigms such as closed-loop stimulation. Furthermore, as the safety and efficacy of DBS improves through better hardware design and deeper understanding of its mechanisms of action, the indications for DBS will continue to expand to cover a wider range of disorders...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332076/image-guided-asleep-deep-brain-stimulation
#8
Andrew L Ko, Kim J Burchiel
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become an established treatment for medically refractory movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia. The field of DBS continues to evolve with advances in patient selection, target identification, electrode and pulse generator technology, and the development of more effective stimulation paradigms such as closed-loop stimulation. Furthermore, as the safety and efficacy of DBS improves through better hardware design and deeper understanding of its mechanisms of action, the indications for DBS will continue to expand to cover a wider range of disorders...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331796/determination-of-meropenem-in-endotracheal-tubes-by-in-tube-solid-phase-microextraction-coupled-to-capillary-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection
#9
L Hakobyan, J Pla Tolos, Y Moliner-Martinez, C Molins-Legua, Jesús Ruiz Ramos, M Gordon, Paula Ramirez-Galleymore, P Campins-Falco
Meropenem is a widely used antimicrobial for the treatment of infections associated with the use of invasive medical devices in intensive care unit patients. These treatments are not always effective, in fact, in-vitro studies have demonstrated the difficulty of antimicrobials to penetrate into the biofilm, however in-vivo studies of the effect of these compounds is a trend, mostly because of the complexity of pulmonary samples extracted from ETTs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate in-tube solid phase microextraction (in-tube SPME) coupled to capillary liquid chromatography (CapLC) with DAD to determine meropenem in ETTs in order to estimate the penetration capability into the biofilm...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331436/jetstream-atherectomy-system-treatment-of-femoropopliteal-arteries-results-of-the-post-market-jet-registry
#10
William A Gray, Lawrence A Garcia, Ali Amin, Nicolas W Shammas
OBJECTIVES: To report on procedural, safety, and effectiveness outcomes of real-world practice with the Jetstream rotational atherectomy system for treatment of femoropopliteal artery lesions. BACKGROUND: Safety and effectiveness of treatment with the Jetstream device has been demonstrated in clinical trials, but outcomes during real-world clinical practice have yet to be examined. METHODS: 241 patients (66% male, mean age 67years, 41% diabetes; Rutherford 1-3) with de novo or restenotic (non-stent) femoropopliteal lesions ≥4cm in length were recruited...
December 27, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331032/a-split-body-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-conformable-surface-cryolipolysis-applicator-for-the-treatment-of-male-pseudogynecomastia
#11
Isabela T Jones, Monique J Vanaman Wilson, Isabella Guiha, Douglas C Wu, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Cryolipolysis is a non-invasive method of body shaping that has been used for male pseudogynecomastia. However, traditional vacuum suction cryolipolysis requires a minimum pinchable fat layer which may not always be present in this area. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a conformable surface cryolipolysis applicator for the reduction of male pseudogynecomastia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten male subjects with pseudogynecomastia received two cycles of cryolipolysis to the breast 6 weeks apart...
January 13, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#12
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329712/risk-factors-and-frequency-of-ingrown-nails-in-adult-diabetic-patients
#13
Secil Vural, Seher Bostanci, Pelin Koçyigit, Deniz Çaliskan, Nilgun Baskal, Nursel Aydin
The present study evaluated the properties of nails, frequency of ingrown nails in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), risk factors for developing ingrown nails, and effect of diabetic polyneuropathy and vasculopathy on the development and outcome of ingrown nails. Our 6-month epidemiologic prospective study included 300 patients with type 2 DM attending a DM outpatient clinic for routine examinations. The general characteristics and foot changes of the study population were investigated. Diabetic polyneuropathy and vasculopathy were evaluated using a biothesiometer, monofilament tests, and arterial Doppler ultrasonography...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329599/gallbladder-ascariasis-in-kosovo-focus-on-ultrasound-and-conservative-therapy-a-case-series
#14
Vlora Ismaili-Jaha, Halim Toro, Lidvana Spahiu, Mehmedali Azemi, Teuta Hoxha-Kamberi, Muharrem Avdiu, Shqipe Spahiu-Konjusha, Luan Jaha
BACKGROUND: Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common intestinal infections in developing countries, including Kosovo. In contrast to migration to the bile duct, migration of the worm to the gallbladder, due to the narrow and tortuous nature of the cystic duct, is rare. When it does occur, it incites acalculous cholecystitis. CASE PRESENTATIONS: This case series describes a 16-month-old Albanian girl, a 22-month-old Albanian girl, a 4-year-old Albanian girl, and a 10-year-old Albanian boy...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327352/ultrasound-findings-provide-clues-to-investigate-founder-mutations-expressed-as-runs-of-homozygosity-in-chromosomal-microarray-studies
#15
Hagit Daum, Israela Lerer, Ayala Frumkin, Daniel Rosenak, Nili Yanai, Shay Porat, Simcha Yagel, Vardiella Meiner
OBJECTIVES: Chromosomal microarray (CMA) analysis is effectively applied prenatally to detect copy number changes. SNP probes included in the microarray platform can detect regions of excessive homozygosity (ROH) and identical-by-descent genomic stretches. The utility of the latter as part of prenatal diagnosis is not well established. Recessive founder mutations are well recognized within distinct ethnic groups. Combining these data with prenatal sonography provides accurate focused molecular diagnoses quickly...
January 11, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327096/-focused-ultrasound-ablation-as-tremor-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Sebastian R Schreglmann, Stefan Hägele-Link, Beat Werner, Ernst Martin, Georg Kägi
BACKGROUND: The development of high-intensity magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided focused ultrasound (MRIgFUS) ablation has widened the spectrum of interventional techniques for stereotactic functional neurosurgery of lesions. This has resulted in novel incisionless intervention approaches for the therapy of tremor disorders. The safety and efficacy is documented by recent study data. OBJECTIVES: This article encompasses a description of the technological basis and typical course of MRIgFUS interventions, a comparison to alternative open or incisionless surgical techniques as well as a review of the current evidence base for MRIgFUS ablation in the context of lesional interventions to treat tremor...
January 11, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326290/functional-lesional-neurosurgery-for-tremor-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Sebastian R Schreglmann, Joachim K Krauss, Jin Woo Chang, Kailash P Bhatia, Georg Kägi
BACKGROUND: This work evaluates the consistency, effect size and incidence of persistent side effects of lesional neurosurgical interventions in the treatment of tremor due to Parkinson's disease (PD), essential tremor (ET), multiple sclerosis (MS) and midbrain lesions. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis according to PRISMA-P guidelines. Random effects meta-analysis of standardised mean difference based on a peer-reviewed protocol (PROSPERO no. CRD42016048049)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326057/antidepressant-effects-of-focused-ultrasound-induced-blood-brain-barrier-opening
#18
Skyler J Mooney, José N Nobrega, Anthony J Levitt, Kullervo Hynynen
In many cases, hippocampal neurogenesis appears to be a hallmark of antidepressant treatments. One novel technique for inducing this type of neurogenesis is using focused ultrasound waves, in conjunction with circulating microbubbles, to open the blood-brain-barrier. The present experiment aimed to test whether this technique has antidepressant effects in a rodent model. Rats were subjected to 1, 2 or 3 weekly treatments of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound in order to open the blood-brain-barrier in the hippocampal region...
January 8, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325337/-the-application-of-combining-low-dose-naloxone-with-ropivacaine-in-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block
#19
J Tang, S Y Zhang, F J Lu, W H Qin, Y S Shi
Objective: To observe the effect of low dose naloxone combinewith ropivacaine for supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Methods: Seventy patients undergoing elective upper limb surgery were randomly divided into two groups, ropivacaine group (Group R, n=35) and naloxone group (Group N, n=35). An ultrasound guided technique was used in both two groups.The onset and duration time of sensory and motor blockade, visual analog score(VAS)of 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 h postoperatively, time of first request fordezocine, total amount of dezocine needed, incidence of nausea and vomiting postoperatively(PONV) and patients' satisfaction score for analgesia in 24 h after surgery were measured...
December 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325292/-therapeutic-effect-of-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-combined-with-ultrasound-guided-microwave-ablation-for-treatment-of-liver-cancer-in-special-sites
#20
A Liu, W Xu, H Xu, Y Wang, Y M Gu
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and clinical value of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with ultrasound-guided microwave ablation for the treatment of liver cancer in special sites. Methods: The patients with liver cancer in special sites (the liver cancer was adjacent to the gallbladder, dome of diaphragm, gastrointestinal tract, heart, great vessels, and portal vein, with the shortest distance from the tumor to the organ/lumen < 0.5 cm ) were enrolled as treatment group, and the patients with primary liver cancer in normal sites treated in our hospital during the same period were randomly enrolled as control group...
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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