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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625651/nashville-and-ss-a-combination-better-than-chocolate-and-peanut-butter
#1
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594821/tree-nut-peanut-and-peanut-butter-consumption-and-the-risk-of-gastric-and-esophageal-cancer-subtypes-the-netherlands-cohort-study
#2
Lisette Nieuwenhuis, Piet A van den Brandt
BACKGROUND: Nut consumption has been associated with reduced cancer-related mortality. However, it is unclear whether nut consumption also reduces the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer subtypes. We prospectively investigated the relationship of tree nut, peanut, and peanut butter intake with risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA), and gastric non-cardia adenocarcinoma (GNCA) in the Netherlands Cohort Study...
March 28, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433290/salmonella-escherichia-coli-and-enterobacteriaceae-in-the-peanut-supply-chain-from-farm-to-table
#3
M S Nascimento, J A Carminati, I C R N Silva, D L Silva, A O Bernardi, M V Copetti
Due to recent foodborne outbreaks, peanuts have been considered a potential risk for Salmonella transmission. For this reason, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and contamination load of Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Enterobacteriaceae throughout the peanut supply chain in Brazil. Samples of peanuts and peanut-containing processed products from post-harvest (n=129), secondary processing (n=185) and retail market (n=100) were analyzed. The results showed high Enterobacteriaceae counts in the post-harvest samples...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405517/activation-of-amylin-receptors-attenuates-alcohol-mediated-behaviours-in-rodents
#4
Aimilia Lydia Kalafateli, Daniel Vallöf, Elisabet Jerlhag
Alcohol expresses its reinforcing properties by activating areas of the mesolimbic dopamine system, which consists of dopaminergic neurons projecting from the ventral tegmental area to the nucleus accumbens. The findings that reward induced by food and addictive drugs involve common mechanisms raise the possibility that gut-brain hormones, which control appetite, such as amylin, could be involved in reward regulation. Amylin decreases food intake, and despite its implication in the regulation of natural rewards, tenuous evidence support amylinergic mediation of artificial rewards, such as alcohol...
February 6, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386590/anti-rift-valley-fever-virus-activity-in-vitro-pre-clinical-pharmacokinetics-and-oral-bioavailability-of-benzavir-2-a-broad-acting-antiviral-compound
#5
Md Koushikul Islam, Mårten Strand, Michael Saleeb, Richard Svensson, Pawel Baranczewski, Per Artursson, Göran Wadell, Clas Ahlm, Mikael Elofsson, Magnus Evander
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a mosquito-borne hemorrhagic fever virus affecting both humans and animals with severe morbidity and mortality and is classified as a potential bioterror agent due to the possible aerosol transmission. At present there is no human vaccine or antiviral therapy available. Thus, there is a great need to develop new antivirals for treatment of RVFV infections. Benzavir-2 was previously identified as potent inhibitor of human adenovirus, herpes simplex virus type 1, and type 2. Here we assess the anti-RVFV activity of benzavir-2 together with four structural analogs and determine pre-clinical pharmacokinetic parameters of benzavir-2...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358224/total-nut-tree-nut-peanut-and-peanut-butter-consumption-and-the-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-the-netherlands-cohort-study
#6
Lisette Nieuwenhuis, Piet A van den Brandt
Background: Nut intake has been associated with decreased cancer-related mortality, but few studies have examined the potential of nuts in the chemoprevention of pancreatic cancer. We prospectively investigated the association of total nut, tree nut, peanut, and peanut butter consumption with pancreatic cancer risk. Methods: In the Netherlands Cohort Study, 120,852 men and women completed a baseline questionnaire, including a food frequency questionnaire, in 1986. After 20.3 years of follow-up, 583 incident pancreatic cancer cases, including 349 microscopically confirmed pancreatic cancer (MCPC) cases, were included in multivariable case-cohort analyses...
March 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280987/anti-inflammatory-and-skin-barrier-repair-effects-of-topical-application-of-some-plant-oils
#7
REVIEW
Tzu-Kai Lin, Lily Zhong, Juan Luis Santiago
Plant oils have been utilized for a variety of purposes throughout history, with their integration into foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products. They are now being increasingly recognized for their effects on both skin diseases and the restoration of cutaneous homeostasis. This article briefly reviews the available data on biological influences of topical skin applications of some plant oils (olive oil, olive pomace oil, sunflower seed oil, coconut oil, safflower seed oil, argan oil, soybean oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, avocado oil, borage oil, jojoba oil, oat oil, pomegranate seed oil, almond oil, bitter apricot oil, rose hip oil, German chamomile oil, and shea butter)...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247959/triacylglycerol-hand-shape-profile-of-argan-oil-rapid-and-simple-uhplc-pda-esi-tof-ms-and-hptlc-methods-to-detect-counterfeit-argan-oil-and-argan-oil-based-products
#8
Giordana Pagliuca, Carlotta Bozzi, Francesca Romana Gallo, Giuseppina Multari, Giovanna Palazzino, Rita Porrà, Alessia Panusa
The marketing of new argan-based products is greatly increased in the last few years and consequently, it has enhanced the number of control analysis aimed at detecting counterfeit products claiming argan oil as a major ingredient. Argan oil is produced in Morocco and it is quite expensive. Two simple methods for the rapid screening of pure oil and argan-oil based products, focused on the analysis of the triacylglycerol profile, have been developed. A three-minute-run by UHPLC-PDA allows the identification of a pure argan oil, while the same run with the MS detector allows also the analysis of products containing the oil down to 0...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202922/simultaneous-analysis-of-multiple-allergens-in-food-products-by-lc-ms-ms
#9
Lee Sun New, Andre Schreiber, Jianru Stahl-Zeng, Hua-Fen Liu
There is currently no cure for food allergies, and sufferers can only rely on the correct labeling of foods to avoid allergens. Hence, it is important that analytical methods are sensitive and accurate enough to screen for the presence of multiple allergens in food products. In this study, we developed an LC-tandem MS method that is able to simultaneously screen or quantify the signature tryptic peptides of multiple allergen commodities. This method is capable of screening and identifying egg white, skim milk, peanut, soy, and tree nuts (almond, Brazil nut, cashew, hazelnut, pecan, pine nut, pistachio, and walnut) at a detection limit of 10 ppm in incurred bread and cookies...
January 1, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186859/peanuts-aflatoxins-and-undernutrition-in-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
REVIEW
Innocent Mupunga, Pamella Mngqawa, David R Katerere
Peanuts ( Arachis hypogaea ) is an important and affordable source of protein in most of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and a popular commodity and raw material for peanut butter, paste and cooking oil. It is a popular ingredient for foods used at the point of weaning infants from mother's milk. It is at this critical point that childhood undernutrition occurs and the condition manifests as stunting, wasting and growth restriction and accounts for nearly half of all deaths in children under five years of age in SSA...
November 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168062/tree-nut-peanut-and-peanut-butter-intake-and-risk-of-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-the-netherlands-cohort-study
#11
Piet A van den Brandt, Lisette Nieuwenhuis
PURPOSE: Nut intake has been associated with reduced mortality and risk of cardiovascular diseases, but there is only limited evidence on cancer. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, and estrogen/progesterone receptor (ER/PR) subtypes. METHODS: In The Netherlands Cohort Study, 62,573 women aged 55-69 years provided information on dietary and lifestyle habits in 1986. After 20.3 years of follow-up, 2,321 incident breast cancer cases and 1,665 subcohort members were eligible for multivariate case-cohort analyses...
January 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130802/oral-immunotherapy-using-polymeric-nanoparticles-loaded-with-peanut-proteins-in-a-murine-model-of-fatal-anaphylaxis
#12
Carlos Gamazo, Maddi García-Azpíroz, Juliana De Souza Rebouças, Gabriel Gastaminza, Marta Ferrer, Juan M Irache
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy is the most common cause of anaphylaxis and food-related death. However, there is currently no approved immunotherapy treatment. Hence, this warrants the need for relevant and convenient animal models to test for adequate immunotherapies. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this study, we compared three mouse strains: CD1, BALB/c and C57, to select a model of peanut allergy. After that, we conducted then a therapeutic study using an immunogenic peanut extract encapsulated in nanoparticles made with polymer Gantrez(®) following the solvent displacement method...
November 2017: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026953/application-of-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-the-analysis-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-lipid-matrix-based-biological-samples
#13
Ying Sun, Yiming Pang, Jingxu Zhang, Zhiwen Li, Jufen Liu, Bin Wang
High-accuracy analyses of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in lipid matrix-based biological samples are highly necessary. We investigated the cleanup performance of the commercially available molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) to analyze PAHs in various biological samples (i.e., butter, peanut oil, pork belly, and human umbilical cord), and compared this method with the commonly used gel permeation chromatography (GPC). After primary cleanup with a MIP or GPC column, the extracts were further cleaned with a neutral aluminum oxide column...
November 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938036/please-pass-the-peanut-butter
#14
Rochelle P Walensky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917229/peanut-butter-increases-the-bioavailability-and-bioconversion-of-kale-%C3%AE-carotene-to-vitamin-a
#15
Tawanda Muzhingi, Kyung-Jin Yeum, Odilia Bermudez, Guangwen Tang, Andrew Hlanganiso Siwela
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kale is a rich source of provitamin A- β-carotene. This study used intrinsically labeled kale [2H9] β-carotene to determine the effect of peanut butter on the bioconversion of kale β-carotene to vitamin A in preschool children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Preschool children (n=37; age 12-36 mo) were randomly assigned to 50 g cooked kale (1.5 mg β-carotene content) with either 33 g peanut butter (PBG) or with 16 g lard (LG) and a reference dose of 1 mg [13C10] retinyl acetate capsule...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768652/nut-and-peanut-butter-consumption-and-the-risk-of-esophageal-and-gastric-cancer-subtypes
#16
Maryam Hashemian, Gwen Murphy, Arash Etemadi, Sanford M Dawsey, Linda M Liao, Christian C Abnet
Background: Nut consumption has been associated with decreased risk of colorectal, endometrial, lung, and pancreatic cancers. Polyphenols, fiber, vitamins, and minerals in nuts may confer this observed protective effect. To our knowledge, no prospective study has evaluated the effect of nut consumption on esophageal and gastric cancers. Objective: The objective was to evaluate the associations between nut and peanut butter consumption and the risk of esophageal and gastric cancers and their different subtypes...
September 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709968/specific-allergen-profiles-of-peanut-foods-and-diagnostic-or-therapeutic-allergenic-products
#17
Stephanie Filep, Denise S Block, Bryan R E Smith, Eva M King, Scott Commins, Michael Kulis, Brian P Vickery, Martin D Chapman
BACKGROUND: Generic immunoassays for peanut cannot discriminate between allergen levels in peanut-derived food products or therapeutics. Clinical trials of oral immunotherapy (OIT) are strengthened by using standardized peanut preparations with defined doses of major allergens. OBJECTIVE: This article describes measurement of Ara h 1, Ara h 2, and Ara h 6 in peanut foods and in peanut flour extracts used for allergy diagnosis and OIT. METHODS: Monoclonal antibody-based enzyme immunoassays for Ara h 1, Ara h 2, and Ara h 6 were used to compare allergen levels in peanut (n = 16) and tree nut (n = 16) butter, peanut flour (n = 11), oils (n = 8), extracts used for diagnosis and OIT (n = 5), and the National Institute for Standards and Technology Peanut Butter Standard Reference Material 2387...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676973/chronic-consumption-of-fructose-in-combination-with-trans-fatty-acids-but-not-with-saturated-fatty-acids-induces-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-with-fibrosis-in-rats
#18
Sugeedha Jeyapal, Uday Kumar Putcha, Venkata Surekha Mullapudi, Sudip Ghosh, Anil Sakamuri, Suryam Reddy Kona, Sai Santosh Vadakattu, Chandana Madakasira, Ahamed Ibrahim
PURPOSE: Consumption of Western diet high in fat and fructose has been attributed to the recent epidemic of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the impact of specific fatty acids on the progression of NAFLD to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the chronic effects of consumption of fructose in combination with saturated fatty acids (SFA) or trans fatty acids (TFA) on the development of NAFLD. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to six isocaloric starch/high fructose (44% of calories), high fat (39% calories) diet containing either starch-peanut oil, fructose-peanut oil, fructose-palmolein, fructose-clarified butter, fructose-coconut oil or fructose-partially hydrogenated vegetable oil and fed for 24 weeks...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535077/sticky-situations-cyanoacrylate-exposures-reported-to-a-poison-control-system
#19
Shaun D Carstairs, Cynthia Koh, Lily Qian, Mariam Qozi, Grant Seivard, F Lee Cantrell
INTRODUCTION: Cyanoacrylate (Super Glue(®)) exposures are commonly reported to poison control centers, but little has been published in the medical literature regarding these exposures. We sought to characterize cyanoacrylate exposures reported to a poison control system. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a poison system's database for all cases of single-substance human exposure to cyanoacrylate-containing products from 2005 to 2015. Data collected included age, gender, route of exposure, clinical effects, treatments recommended and medical outcome...
November 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520477/minimum-stocking-requirements-for-retailers-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-disparities-across-us-states
#20
Jennifer E Pelletier, Liana R N Schreiber, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVES: To examine state variation in minimum stocking requirements for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)-authorized small food retailers. METHODS: We obtained minimum stocking requirements for 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2017 from WIC Web pages or e-mail from the state WIC agency. We developed a coding protocol to compare minimum quantities and varieties required for 12 food and beverage categories. We calculated the median, range, and interquartile range for each measure...
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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