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Lactate AND HIF-1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991527/mangiferin-ameliorates-insulin-resistance-by-inhibiting-inflammation-and-regulatiing-adipokine-expression-in-adipocytes-under-hypoxic-condition
#1
Chao-Qiang Yang, Jing-Hua Xu, Dan-Dan Yan, Bao-Lin Liu, Kang Liu, Fang Huang
Adipose tissue hypoxia has been recognized as the initiation of insulin resistance syndromes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of mangiferin on the insulin signaling pathway and explore whether mangiferin could ameliorate insulin resistance caused by hypoxia in adipose tissue. Differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were incubated under normal and hypoxic conditions, respectively. Protein expressions were analyzed by Western blotting. Inflammatory cytokines and HIF-1-dependent genes were tested by ELISA and q-PCR, respectively...
September 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940640/bicarbonate-recycling-by-hif-1-dependent-carbonic-anhydrase-isoforms-9-and-12-is-critical-in-maintaining-intracellular-ph-and-viability-of-nucleus-pulposus-cells
#2
Elizabeth S Silagi, Zachary R Schoepflin, Erin L Seifert, Christophe Merceron, Ernestina Schipani, Irving M Shapiro, Makarand V Risbud
Intervertebral disc degeneration is a ubiquitous condition closely linked to chronic low-back pain. The health of the avascular nucleus pulposus (NP) plays a crucial role in the development of this pathology. We tested the hypothesis that a network comprising HIF-1α, Carbonic anhydrase (CA) 9 and 12 isoforms, and sodium-coupled bicarbonate cotransporters (NBCs) buffer intracellular pH through coordinated bicarbonate recycling. Contrary to the current understanding of NP cell metabolism, analysis of metabolic-flux data from Seahorse XF analyzer showed that CO2 hydration contributes a significant source of extracellular proton production in NP cells, with a smaller input from glycolysis...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926527/genistein-suppresses-aerobic-glycolysis-and-induces-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-death
#3
Sainan Li, Jingjing Li, Weiqi Dai, Qinghui Zhang, Jiao Feng, Liwei Wu, Tong Liu, Qiang Yu, Shizan Xu, Wenwen Wang, Xiya Lu, Kan Chen, Yujing Xia, Jie Lu, Yingqun Zhou, Xiaoming Fan, Wenhui Mo, Ling Xu, Chuanyong Guo
BACKGROUND: Genistein is a natural isoflavone with many health benefits, including antitumour effects. Increased hypoxia-inducible factor 1 α (HIF-1α) levels and glycolysis in tumour cells are associated with an increased risk of mortality, cancer progression, and resistance to therapy. However, the effect of genistein on HIF-1α and glycolysis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unclear. METHODS: Cell viability, apoptosis rate, lactate production, and glucose uptake were measured in HCC cell lines with genistein incubation...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886081/orexin-a-affects-hepg2-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-glucose-metabolism-via-hif-1%C3%AE-dependent-and-independent-mechanism
#4
Xing Wan, Yuanyuan Liu, Yuyan Zhao, Xiaoqi Sun, Dongxiao Fan, Lei Guo
Orexins are hypothalamic neuropeptides that regulate feeding, reward, wakefulness and energy homeostasis. The present study sought to characterize the involvement of orexin A in glucose metabolism in HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and investigated the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the response. HepG2 cells were exposed to different concentrations of orexin A (10-9 to 10-7 M) in vitro, without or with the orexin receptor 1 (OX1R) inhibitor (SB334867), HIF-1α inhibitor (YC-1) or a combination of both inhibitors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879655/pretreatment-with-fish-oil-attenuates-heart-ischemia-consequences-in-rats
#5
Alcione Lescano de Souza Junior, Jorge Mancini Filho, Rosângela Pavan Torres, Maria Cláudia Irigoyen, Rui Curi
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 PUFA)-rich fish oil supplementation has protective effects on heart ischemic injury. Left ventricular (LV) ischemia was induced in rats by permanent ligation of the left coronary artery. Saline, fish oil or soybean oil was administered daily by gavage (3 g kg(-1) b.w.) for 20 days before inducing ischemia. Outcomes were assessed 24 hours after left coronary artery ligation. Pretreatment with fish oil decreased the ω-6/ω-3 fatty acid ratio in the LV. Reduction in infarct size and in the intensity of ventricular systolic dysfunction was found in the fish oil group as compared with the saline or soybean oil groups through echocardiographic evaluation...
September 6, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857035/two-common-variants-of-human-papillomavirus-type-16-e6-differentially-deregulate-sugar-metabolism-and-hypoxia-signalling-in-permissive-human-keratinocytes
#6
Sean Cuninghame, Robert Jackson, Simon J Lees, Ingeborg Zehbe
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is responsible for most cancers attributable to HPV infection and naturally occurring variants of the HPV16 E6 oncoprotein predispose individuals to varying risk for developing cancer. Population studies by us and others have demonstrated that the common Asian-American E6 (AAE6) variant is a higher risk factor for cervical cancer than the E6 of another common variant, the European prototype (EPE6). However, a complete understanding of the molecular processes fundamental to these epidemiological findings is still lacking...
September 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828258/the-key-role-of-microtubules-in-hypoxia-preconditioning-induced-nuclear-translocation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-in-rat-cardiomyocytes
#7
Hai Guo, Hong Zheng, Jianjiang Wu, Hai-Ping Ma, Jin Yu, Maimaitili Yiliyaer
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 is involved in the regulation of hypoxic preconditioning in cardiomyocytes. Under hypoxic conditions, HIF-1α accumulates and is translocated to the nucleus, where it forms an active complex with HIF-1β and activates transcription of approximately 60 kinds of hypoxia-adaptive genes. Microtubules are hollow tubular structures in the cell that maintain cellular morphology and that transport substances. This study attempted to clarify the role of microtubule structure in the endonuclear aggregation of HIF-1α following hypoxic preconditioning of cardiomyocytes...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827059/enhanced-aerobic-glycolysis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells-by-epstein-barr-virus-latent-membrane-protein-1
#8
Wei-Wen Sung, Peir-Rong Chen, Ming-Hui Liao, Jeng-Woei Lee
Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is a principal viral oncoprotein in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated malignancies, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which acts through regulating tumorigenesis and metabolic reprogramming of cancers. In the presence of oxygen, we demonstrated that glucose consumption, lactate production and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity were significantly increased upon LMP1 expression in NPC cells and in a LMP1 variant derived from NPC patients-transformed BALB/c-3T3 cells...
October 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822229/vasculogenesis-and-angiogenesis-initiation-under-normoxic-conditions-through-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-in-gliomas
#9
Alexandre Vallée, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Noël Vallée
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway is up-regulated in gliomas and involved in proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. Nuclear β-catenin accumulation correlates with malignancy. Hypoxia activates hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α by inhibiting HIF-1α prolyl hydroxylation, which promotes glycolytic energy metabolism, vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, whereas HIF-1α is degraded by the HIF prolyl hydroxylase under normoxic conditions. We focus this review on the links between the activated Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the mechanisms underlying vasculogenesis and angiogenesis through HIF-1α under normoxic conditions in gliomas...
August 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762551/monocarboxylate-transporter-1-is-a-key-player-in-glioma-endothelial-cell-crosstalk
#10
Vera Miranda-Gonçalves, Filipa Bezerra, Raquel Costa-Almeida, Marta Freitas-Cunha, Raquel Soares, Olga Martinho, Rui M Reis, Céline Pinheiro, Fátima Baltazar
Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most glycolytic and angiogenic human tumours, characteristics that contribute to the poor prognosis associated with this type of tumour. A lactate shuttle has been described between tumour cells and endothelial cells (ECs), with the monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) acting as important players in this tumour-EC communication. In this study, we aimed to understand how the tumour microenvironment modulates EC metabolism, and to characterize the role of MCTs in the glioma-brain EC crosstalk...
August 1, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753560/enhancement-of-the-anti-tumor-activity-of-fgfr1-inhibition-in-squamous-cell-lung-cancer-by-targeting-downstream-signaling-involved-in-glucose-metabolism
#11
Claudia Fumarola, Daniele Cretella, Silvia La Monica, Mara A Bonelli, Roberta Alfieri, Cristina Caffarra, Federico Quaini, Denise Madeddu, Angela Falco, Andrea Cavazzoni, Graziana Digiacomo, Giulia Mazzaschi, Valentina Vivo, Elisabetta Barocelli, Marcello Tiseo, Pier Giorgio Petronini, Andrea Ardizzoni
Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor (FGFR) signaling is a complex pathway which controls several processes, including cell proliferation, survival, migration, and metabolism. FGFR1 signaling is frequently deregulated via amplification/over-expression in NSCLC of squamous histotype (SQCLC), however its inhibition has not been successfully translated in clinical setting. We determined whether targeting downstream signaling implicated in FGFR1 effects on glucose metabolism potentiates the anti-tumor activity of FGFR1 inhibition in SQCLC...
July 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741686/gpr55-receptor-antagonist-decreases-glycolytic-activity-in-panc-1-pancreatic-cancer-cell-line-and-tumor-xenografts
#12
Michel Bernier, Jonathan Catazaro, Nagendra S Singh, Artur Wnorowski, Anna Boguszewska-Czubara, Krzysztof Jozwiak, Robert Powers, Irving W Wainer
The Warburg effect is a predominant metabolic pathway in cancer cells characterized by enhanced glucose uptake and its conversion to l-lactate and is associated with upregulated expression of HIF-1α and activation of the EGFR-MEK-ERK, Wnt-β-catenin, and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways. (R,R')-4'-methoxy-1-naphthylfenoterol ((R,R')-MNF) significantly reduces proliferation, survival, and motility of PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells through inhibition of the GPR55 receptor. We examined (R,R')-MNF's effect on glycolysis in PANC-1 cells and tumors...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737429/hif-1%C3%AE-inhibition-by-diethylstilbestrol-and-its-polyacetal-conjugate-in-hypoxic-prostate-tumour-cells-insights-from-nmr-metabolomics
#13
Ana Armiñán, Luís Mendes, Joana Carrola, Julie Movellan, María J Vicent, Iola F Duarte
In this study, we have employed (1)H NMR metabolomics to assess the metabolic responses of PC3 prostate tumour cells to hypoxia and to pharmacological HIF-1α inhibition by DES or its polyacetal conjugate tert-DES. Oxygen deprivation prompted a number of changes in intracellular composition and metabolic activity, mainly reflecting upregulated glycolysis, amino acid catabolism and other compensatory mechanisms used by hypoxic cells to deal with oxidative imbalance and energy deficit. Cell treatment with a non-cytotoxic concentration of DES, under hypoxia, triggered significant changes in 17 metabolites...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721162/the-influence-of-rapamycin-on-the-early-cardioprotective-effect-of-hypoxic-preconditioning-on-cardiomyocytes
#14
Jiang Wang, YiLiyaer Maimaitili, Hong Zheng, Jin Yu, Hai Guo, Hai-Ping Ma, Chun-Ling Chen
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of rapamycin on the cardioprotective effect of hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) and on the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-mediated hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Primary cardiomyocytes were isolated from rat pups and underwent rapamycin and/or HPC, followed by hypoxia/re-oxygenation (H/R) injury. Cell viability and cell injury were determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assays, and qRT-PCR was used to measure HIF-1α and mTOR mRNA expression...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689265/aerobic-glycolysis-hypothesis-through-wnt-beta-catenin-pathway-in-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration
#15
REVIEW
Alexandre Vallée, Yves Lecarpentier, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Noël Vallée
Exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized by molecular mechanisms responsible for the initiation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Inflammatory processes are associated with upregulation of the canonical WNT/beta-catenin pathway in exudative AMD. We focus this review on the link between WNT/beta-catenin pathway activation and neovascular progression in exudative AMD through activation of aerobic glycolysis for production of angiogenic factors. Increased WNT/beta-catenin pathway involves hexokinase 2 (HK2) and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2)...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679957/socs1-is-a-negative-regulator-of-metabolic-reprogramming-during-sepsis
#16
Annie Rocio Piñeros Alvarez, Nicole Glosson-Byers, Stephanie Brandt, Soujuan Wang, Hector Wong, Sarah Sturgeon, Brian Paul McCarthy, Paul R Territo, Jose Carlos Alves-Filho, C Henrique Serezani
Sepsis can induce an overwhelming systemic inflammatory response, resulting in organ damage and death. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) negatively regulates signaling by cytokine receptors and Toll-like receptors (TLRs). However, the cellular targets and molecular mechanisms for SOCS1 activity during polymicrobial sepsis are unknown. To address this, we utilized a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model for sepsis; C57BL/6 mice subjected to CLP were then treated with a peptide (iKIR) that binds the SOCS1 kinase inhibitory region (KIR) and blocks its activity...
July 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651317/effects-of-multi-environmental-factors-on-physiological-and-biochemical-responses-of-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea
#17
Qian-Feng Wang, Wei-Liang Shen, Cheng Liu, Dan-Li Mu, Xiong-Fei Wu, Nian-Gang Guo, Jun-Quan Zhu
Land-based recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) and cage culture are important methods of Larimichthys crocea production. The effects of environmental factors on physiological and biochemical aspects of L. crocea require clarification. Temperature and salinity are controlled in RAS and directly affect L. crocea growth and survival. To explore optimal parameters, the oxygen consumption rate (RO), ammonium excretion rate (RN), and O/N ratio at different temperatures (8, 14, 20, 26, and 32 °C) and salinities (5, 15, 25, and 35‰) were determined...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642716/effects-of-acute-hypoxia-and-reoxygenation-on-physiological-and-immune-responses-and-redox-balance-of-wuchang-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala-yih-1955
#18
Nan Chen, Meng Wu, Guo-Pan Tang, Hui-Juan Wang, Chun-Xiao Huang, Xin-Jie Wu, Yan He, Bao Zhang, Cui-Hong Huang, Hong Liu, Wei-Min Wang, Huan-Ling Wang
To study Megalobrama amblycephala adaption to water hypoxia, the changes in physiological levels, innate immune responses, redox balance of M.amblycephala during hypoxia were investigated in the present study. When M. amblycephala were exposed to different dissolved oxygen (DO) including control (DO: 5.5 mg/L) and acute hypoxia (DO: 3.5 and 1.0 mg/L, respectively), hemoglobin (Hb), methemoglobin (MetHb), glucose, Na(+), succinatedehydrogenase (SDH), lactate, interferon alpha (IFNα), and lysozyme (LYZ), except hepatic glycogen and albumin gradually increased with the decrease of DO level...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642579/regulation-of-glycolysis-in-brown-adipocytes-by-hif-1%C3%AE
#19
Astrid L Basse, Marie S Isidor, Sally Winther, Nina B Skjoldborg, Maria Murholm, Elise S Andersen, Steen B Pedersen, Christian Wolfrum, Bjørn Quistorff, Jacob B Hansen
Brown adipose tissue takes up large amounts of glucose during cold exposure in mice and humans. Here we report an induction of glucose transporter 1 expression and increased expression of several glycolytic enzymes in brown adipose tissue from cold-exposed mice. Accordingly, these genes were also induced after β-adrenergic activation of cultured brown adipocytes, concomitant with accumulation of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein levels. HIF-1α accumulation was dependent on uncoupling protein 1 and generation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610954/feedback-regulation-of-aldoa-activates-the-hif-1%C3%AE-mmp9-axis-to-promote-lung-cancer-progression
#20
Yu-Chan Chang, Yung-Chieh Chan, Wei-Ming Chang, Yuan-Feng Lin, Chih-Jen Yang, Chia-Yi Su, Ming-Shyan Huang, Alexander T H Wu, Michael Hsiao
Distant metastasis and recurrence are the greatest challenges in the clinical management of lung cancer. Despite advances in targeted therapies, high mortality rates persist. Therefore, alternative therapeutic interventions are urgently required. Accumulating evidence indicates that normalizing tumor metabolism may be a way to increase therapeutic efficacy and to reduce tumor malignancy. Here, we analyzed integrated transcriptomics data and an shRNA library against glycolytic enzymes and found that elevated Aldolase A expression is highly correlated with metastatic potential and a poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
September 10, 2017: Cancer Letters
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