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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909017/early-environmental-field-research-career-exploration-an-analysis-of-impacts-on-precollege-apprentices
#1
Susan K Flowers, Katherine M Beyer, Maria Pérez, Donna B Jeffe
Research apprenticeships offer opportunities for deep understanding of scientific practice, transparency about research careers, and possible transformational effects on precollege youth. We examined two consecutive field-based environmental biology apprenticeship programs designed to deliver realistic career exploration and connections to research scientists. The Shaw Institute for Field Training (SIFT) program combines introductory field-skills training with research assistance opportunities, and the subsequent Tyson Environmental Research Fellowships (TERF) program provides immersive internships on university field station-based research teams...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875162/embedded-data-representations
#2
Wesley Willett, Yvonne Jansen, Pierre Dragicevic
We introduce embedded data representations, the use of visual and physical representations of data that are deeply integrated with the physical spaces, objects, and entities to which the data refers. Technologies like lightweight wireless displays, mixed reality hardware, and autonomous vehicles are making it increasingly easier to display data in-context. While researchers and artists have already begun to create embedded data representations, the benefits, trade-offs, and even the language necessary to describe and compare these approaches remain unexplored...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870986/a-generalized-nonlinear-model-based-mixed-multinomial-logit-approach-for-crash-data-analysis
#3
Ziqiang Zeng, Wenbo Zhu, Ruimin Ke, John Ash, Yinhai Wang, Jiuping Xu, Xinxin Xu
The mixed multinomial logit (MNL) approach, which can account for unobserved heterogeneity, is a promising unordered model that has been employed in analyzing the effect of factors contributing to crash severity. However, its basic assumption of using a linear function to explore the relationship between the probability of crash severity and its contributing factors can be violated in reality. This paper develops a generalized nonlinear model-based mixed MNL approach which is capable of capturing non-monotonic relationships by developing nonlinear predictors for the contributing factors in the context of unobserved heterogeneity...
November 18, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869882/-assessment-of-geriatric-patients-care-needs-based-on-sosia-classification-the-reality-of-the-lombardy-region-in-nursing-home
#4
Mariangela Vanalli
The increased demand to care that originates from demographic changes called in Italy a rapid development in Nursing Home with particular emergency the problem of programme the welfare response. It is essential the development of a classification system able to describe the stratification of the case mix on the basis of the care requirements, allowing a remuneration in function of the complexity care. Since 2003, the Lombardy region has introduced a case-mix reimbursement system for nursing homes based on the SOSIA form which classifies residents into eight classes of frailty...
November 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863575/complicated-realities-mental-health-and-moral-incongruence-in-disaster-humanitarian-response
#5
REVIEW
Suzanne M Boswell
In the course of disaster/humanitarian response, providers are exposed to chaotic environments riddled with morally complex situations. This article disseminates research findings that highlight the impact of moral incongruence on responder mental health within the disaster/humanitarian setting by focusing on the theme "Everything was gray." The information is extracted from a larger, mixed methods study examining numerous variables considered within relevant literature to be influential in the occurrence of psychological distress among disaster/humanitarian responders...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755288/the-relationship-between-morphology-and-function-of-the-meibomian-glands
#6
Hyo Myung Kim, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a leading cause of dry eye disease (DED). Meibomian gland dysfunction is divided into two major categories based on meibomian gland secretion: low delivery and high delivery. The low-delivery states are further classified as either hyposecretory or obstructive subtype, and the high-delivery state is termed "hypersecretory MGD." Two parameters are commonly used to evaluate meibomian gland function: lipid layer thickness and meibum quality and expressibility. To evaluate the morphology of meibomian glands, meibography is used to detect meibomian gland dropout...
October 13, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751865/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-assess-animal-vaccination-programmes-the-case-of-rabies-control-in-bamako-mali
#7
Laura Mosimann, Abdallah Traoré, Stephanie Mauti, Monique Léchenne, Brigit Obrist, René Véron, Jan Hattendorf, Jakob Zinsstag
In the framework of the research network on integrated control of zoonoses in Africa (ICONZ) a dog rabies mass vaccination campaign was carried out in two communes of Bamako (Mali) in September 2014. A mixed method approach, combining quantitative and qualitative tools, was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention towards optimization for future scale-up. Actions to control rabies occur on one level in households when individuals take the decision to vaccinate their dogs. However, control also depends on provision of vaccination services and community participation at the intermediate level of social resilience...
October 14, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707909/characterizing-the-reproduction-number-of-epidemics-with-early-subexponential-growth-dynamics
#8
Gerardo Chowell, Cécile Viboud, Lone Simonsen, Seyed M Moghadas
Early estimates of the transmission potential of emerging and re-emerging infections are increasingly used to inform public health authorities on the level of risk posed by outbreaks. Existing methods to estimate the reproduction number generally assume exponential growth in case incidence in the first few disease generations, before susceptible depletion sets in. In reality, outbreaks can display subexponential (i.e. polynomial) growth in the first few disease generations, owing to clustering in contact patterns, spatial effects, inhomogeneous mixing, reactive behaviour changes or other mechanisms...
October 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706017/application-of-virtual-augmented-and-mixed-reality-to-urology
#9
Alaric Hamacher, Su Jin Kim, Sung Tae Cho, Sunil Pardeshi, Seung Hyun Lee, Sung-Jong Eun, Taeg Keun Whangbo
Recent developments in virtual, augmented, and mixed reality have introduced a considerable number of new devices into the consumer market. This momentum is also affecting the medical and health care sector. Although many of the theoretical and practical foundations of virtual reality (VR) were already researched and experienced in the 1980s, the vastly improved features of displays, sensors, interactivity, and computing power currently available in devices offer a new field of applications to the medical sector and also to urology in particular...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706003/the-potential-application-of-virtual-augmented-and-mixed-reality-in-neurourology
#10
Khae Hawn Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636185/the-myth-of-openness-and-secrecy-in-intimate-relationships-the-case-of-spouses-of-mixed-orientation-marriage
#11
Adir Adler, Adital Ben-Ari
The phenomenon of mixed-orientation marriages, in which one of the partners is straight and the other is non-straight, is invisible, yet not insignificant. Focusing on gay and bisexual men who are married to straight women, this article was designed to explore one of the essential themes in their relationship: the dynamics between secrecy and openness regarding the men's sexual orientation and gay practices. Based on the phenomenological paradigm, 38 men and eight women of mixed-orientation marriages in Israel were interviewed and shared their subjective life reality...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634539/the-use-of-formative-research-to-inform-the-design-of-a-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-intervention-in-northern-nigeria
#12
Clare E Strachan, Musa Kana, Sandrine Martin, John Dada, Naome Wandera, Madeleine Marasciulo, Helen Counihan, Maxwell Kolawole, Tanimu Babale, Prudence Hamade, Sylvia R Meek, Ebenezer Baba
BACKGROUND: Experience of seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is growing in the Sahel sub-region of Africa, though there remains insufficient evidence to recommend a standard deployment strategy. In 2012, a project was initiated in Katsina state, northern Nigeria, to design an appropriate and effective community-based delivery approach for SMC, in consultation with local stakeholders. Formative research (FR) was conducted locally to explore the potential feasibility and acceptability of SMC and to highlight information gaps and practical considerations to inform the intervention design...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633465/the-crest-simulation-development-process-training-the-next-generation-of-the-pack
#13
Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND: The challenges of training and assessing endourologic skill have driven the development of new training systems. The Center for Research in Education and Simulation Technologies (CREST) has developed a team and a methodology to facilitate this development process. METHODS: Backwards design principles were applied. A panel of experts first defined desired clinical and educational outcomes. Outcomes were subsequently linked to learning objectives. Gross task deconstruction was performed and the primary domain was classified as primarily involving decision-making, psychomotor skill or communication...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609297/cardiovascular-benefits-of-lycopene-fantasy-or-reality
#14
Frank Thies, Lynsey M Mills, Susan Moir, Lindsey F Masson
Epidemiological evidence indicates that high consumption of tomatoes and tomato-based products reduces the risk of chronic diseases such as CVD and cancer. Such potential benefits are often ascribed to high concentrations of lycopene present in tomato products. Mainly from the results of in vitro studies, potential biological mechanisms by which carotenoids could protect against heart disease and cancer have been suggested. These include cholesterol reduction, inhibition of oxidation processes, modulation of inflammatory markers, enhanced intercellular communication, inhibition of tumourigenesis and induction of apoptosis, metabolism to retinoids and antiangiogenic effects...
September 9, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607526/understanding-the-patient-experience-through-the-power-of-film-a-mixed-method-qualitative-research-study
#15
Sherri Ogston-Tuck, Kath Baume, Chris Clarke, Simon Heng
BACKGROUND: For decades film has proved to be a powerful form of communication. Whether produced as entertainment, art or documentary, films have the capacity to inform and move us. Films are a highly attractive teaching instrument and an appropriate teaching method in health education. It is a valuable tool for studying situations most transcendental to human beings such as pain, disease and death. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to determine how this helps students engage with their role as health care professionals; to determine how they view the personal experience of illness, disease, disability or death; and to determine how this may impact upon their provision of patient care...
November 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590663/reducing-behavior-problems-among-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-coaching-teachers-in-a-mixed-reality-setting
#16
Elise T Pas, Stacy R Johnson, Kristine E Larson, Linda Brandenburg, Robin Church, Catherine P Bradshaw
Most approaches aiming to reduce behavior problems among youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on individual students; however, school personnel also need professional development to better support students. This study targeted teachers' skill development to promote positive outcomes for students with ASD. The sample included 19 teachers in two non-public special education settings serving students with moderate to severe ASD. Participating teachers received professional development and coaching in classroom management, with guided practice in a mixed-reality simulator...
December 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575522/an-educational-intervention-in-road-safety-among-children-and-teenagers-in-mexico
#17
S Treviño-Siller, L E Pacheco-Magaña, P Bonilla-Fernández, C Rueda-Neria, L Arenas-Monreal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe a public school-based educational intervention (EI) designed to increase knowledge, improve attitudes, and change practices related to road safety. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods evaluation of a road traffic safety baseline diagnosis conducted in 4 public schools, 2 primary and 2 secondary. Research was organized into 4 phases: (1) diagnosis, (2) EI design, (3) implementation, and (4) evaluation. We used convenience sampling (n = 219 students) across schools and applied a pre-/posttest design based on quantitative and qualitative data...
August 30, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557977/experiences-of-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-their-carers-during-transition-from-in-patient-rehabilitation-to-the-community-a-qualitative-study
#18
Vanessa Abrahamson, Jan Jensen, Kate Springett, Mohamed Sakel
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of individuals who have had a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their carers in the first month post-discharge from in-patient rehabilitation into living in the community. METHOD: Using a qualitative approach underpinned by critical realism, we explored the narratives of 10 patients and nine carers using semi-structured interviews approximately one month post-discharge. Thematic analysis was carried out independently by two researchers...
August 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536948/the-sense-of-agency-is-more-sensitive-to-manipulations-of-outcome-than-movement-related-feedback-irrespective-of-sensory-modality
#19
Nicole David, Stefan Skoruppa, Alessandro Gulberti, Johannes Schultz, Andreas K Engel
The sense of agency describes the ability to experience oneself as the agent of one's own actions. Previous studies of the sense of agency manipulated the predicted sensory feedback related either to movement execution or to the movement's outcome, for example by delaying the movement of a virtual hand or the onset of a tone that resulted from a button press. Such temporal sensorimotor discrepancies reduce the sense of agency. It remains unclear whether movement-related feedback is processed differently than outcome-related feedback in terms of agency experience, especially if these types of feedback differ with respect to sensory modality...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515838/take-home-training-in-a-simulation-based-laparoscopy-course
#20
Ebbe Thinggaard, Lars Konge, Flemming Bjerrum, Jeanett Strandbygaard, Ismail Gögenur, Lene Spanager
BACKGROUND: Simulation training can prepare trainees for clinical practice in laparoscopic surgery. Training on box trainers allows for simulation training at home, which studies have shown to be a feasible method of training. However, little research has been conducted into how to make it a more efficient method of training. Our aim was to investigate how box trainers are used in take-home training to help guide the design of take-home training courses. METHODS: This study was designed using a mixed methods approach...
August 11, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
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