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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903877/exploring-the-role-of-small-scale-livestock-keepers-for-national-biosecurity-the-pig-case
#1
Carla Correia-Gomes, Madeleine K Henry, Harriet K Auty, George J Gunn
Small-scale keepers are less likely to engage with production organisations and may therefore be less aware of legislation, rules and biosecurity practices which are implemented in the livestock sector. Their role in the transmission of endemic and exotic diseases is not well studied, but is believed to be important. The authors use small-scale pig keepers in Scotland as an example of how important small-scale livestock keepers might be for national biosecurity. In Scotland more than two thirds of pig producers report that they keep less than 10 pigs, meaning that biosecurity practices and pig health status on a substantial number of holdings are largely unknown; it is considered important to fill this knowledge gap...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884629/maternal-lifestyle-impairs-embryonic-growth-the-rotterdam-periconception-cohort
#2
Matthijs R Van Dijk, Nicole V Borggreven, Sten P Willemsen, Anton H J Koning, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Maria P H Koster
Previously, embryonic growth has been assumed to be uniform, but in recent years, it has become more clear that genetic and environmental factors may influence the intrauterine environment and therefore embryonic growth trajectories as well as pregnancy course and outcome. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between modifiable maternal nutrition and lifestyle factors during the periconception period and embryonic growth. We established a prospective cohort including 342 women less than 13 weeks pregnant...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870539/mixed-reality-mr-meets-pharmaceutical-development
#3
W P Forrest, M A Mackey, V M Shah, K M Hassell, P Shah, J L Wylie, J Gopinath, H Balderhaar, L Li, W P Wuelfing, R Helmy
As science evolves, the need for more efficient and innovative knowledge transfer capabilities becomes evident. Advances in drug discovery and delivery sciences have directly impacted the pharmaceutical industry, though the added complexities have not shortened the development process. These added complexities also make it difficult for scientists to rapidly and effectively transfer knowledge to offset the lengthened drug development timelines. While webcams, camera phones and iPads have been explored as potential new methods of real-time information sharing, the non-"hands-free" nature and lack of viewer and observer point-of-view render them unsuitable for the R&D laboratory or manufacturing setting...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866523/uncertainty-visualization-using-copula-based-analysis-in-mixed-distribution-models
#4
Subhashis Hazarika, Ayan Biswas, Han-Wei Shen
Distributions are often used to model uncertainty in many scientific datasets. To preserve the correlation among the spatially sampled grid locations in the dataset, various standard multivariate distribution models have been proposed in visualization literature. These models treat each grid location as a univariate random variable which models the uncertainty at that location. Standard multivariate distributions (both parametric and nonparametric) assume that all the univariate marginals are of the same type/family of distribution...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864039/conceiving-of-addicted-pleasures-a-modern-paradox
#5
Fay Dennis
Drawing on research with people who inject drugs in London, UK, this article will explore how participants conceived of pleasure, and try to understand some of the tensions that ensued. There is a strong sense in participants' accounts that drug use is at points pleasurable but it should not, or rather, could not be conceived of in this way. As such, the article will reflect on several situations in which pleasure came up during fieldwork but was quickly redirected towards addiction using terms such as 'denial'...
August 31, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863752/divergent-preferences-for-hiv-prevention-a-discrete-choice-experiment-for-multipurpose-hiv-prevention-products-in-south-africa
#6
Matthew Quaife, Robyn Eakle, Maria A Cabrera Escobar, Peter Vickerman, Maggie Kilbourne-Brook, Mercy Mvundura, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Fern Terris-Prestholt
BACKGROUND: The development of antiretroviral (ARV)-based prevention products has the potential to substantially change the HIV prevention landscape; yet, little is known about how appealing these products will be outside of clinical trials, as compared with the existing options. METHODS: We conducted a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to measure preferences for 5 new products among 4 important populations in the HIV response: adult men and women in the general population (aged 18 to 49 y), adolescent girls (aged 16 to 17 y), and self-identifying female sex workers (aged 18 to 49 y)...
September 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863338/perceptions-of-incentives-offered-in-a-community-based-malaria-diagnosis-and-treatment-program-in-the-highlands-of-papua-new-guinea
#7
Camilla Burkot, Laura Naidi, Liesel Seehofer, Kevin Miles
What motivates community-based health workers to provide care in rural and remote areas, often on a voluntary or casual basis, is a key question for program managers and public health officials. This paper examines how a range of incentives offered as part of the Marasin Stoa Kipa program, a community-based malaria diagnosis and treatment program that has been implemented since 2007 within a major oil and gas development area in Papua New Guinea, are perceived and critiqued by community-based health workers...
August 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861693/mixed-reality-ultrasound-guidance-system-a-case-study-in-system-development-and-a-cautionary-tale
#8
Golafsoun Ameri, John S H Baxter, Daniel Bainbridge, Terry M Peters, Elvis C S Chen
PURPOSE: Real-time ultrasound has become a crucial aspect of several image-guided interventions. One of the main constraints of such an approach is the difficulty in interpretability of the limited field of view of the image, a problem that has recently been addressed using mixed reality, such as augmented reality and augmented virtuality. The growing popularity and maturity of mixed reality has led to a series of informal guidelines to direct development of new systems and to facilitate regulatory approval...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857975/finding-like-minded-partners-to-span-the-continuum-of-care
#9
Bruce Lawrence
This is an era of profound industry transformation, characterized by such forces as acceleration away from inpatient-centered care and toward alternative payment models, rising rates of chronic disease, and an aging population. Add to this mix physician and nurse shortages and a newfound understanding that today's patients are informed consumers, and the reality becomes clear: Healthcare providers must be adaptable, agile, and innovative to survive. Sometimes, the best way forward in transformative times is collaboration with other like-minded organizations...
October 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854594/transparent-collaboration-between-industry-and-academia-can-serve-unmet-patient-need-and-contribute-to-reproductive-public-health
#10
Thomas D'Hooghe
The pharmaceutical and device industry has greatly contributed to diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in reproductive medicine in a very highly regulated environment, ensuring that development and manufacturing follow the highest standards. In spite of these achievements, collaboration between industry and physicians/academia is often presented in a negative context. However, today more than ever, partnership between industry and academia is needed to shorten the timeline between innovation and application, and to achieve faster access to better diagnostics, drugs and devices for the benefit of patients and society, based on complementary knowledge, skills and expertise...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846715/needs-and-concerns-of-transgender-individuals-regarding-interdisciplinary-transgender-healthcare-a-non-clinical-online-survey
#11
Jana Eyssel, Andreas Koehler, Arne Dekker, Susanne Sehner, Timo O Nieder
This study investigates the needs and concerns transgender (short: trans) individuals have concerning trans healthcare (THC) in interdisciplinary THC centres. Trans individuals' gender does not (fully/constantly) match their sex assigned at birth. To be able to live in their gender role and to prevent or minimise gender dysphoria, they might require a multidisciplinary set of transition related healthcare services. The current shift from the traditionally highly regulated, hierarchical and pathologising approach to THC towards a more patient-centred approach has highlighted the importance of trans patients' satisfaction with treatment processes and results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827242/testing-the-effectivity-of-the-mixed-virtual-reality-training-into-d-mentia-for-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Linda Helena Jütten, Ruth Elaine Mark, Ben Wilhelmus Jacobus Maria Janssen, Jan Rietsema, Rose-Marie Dröes, Margriet Maria Sitskoorn
INTRODUCTION: Informal caregivers for people with dementia (hereafter: caregivers) often feel (over)burdened by the care for a loved one with dementia, and this can have various deleterious effects on both caregivers and patients. Support for caregivers is urgently needed, and for this reason, a dementia simulator (Into D'mentia) was developed in which caregivers experience what it is like to have dementia. The simulator attempts to heighten caregivers' empathy and understanding for the patient and, in turn, diminish their own caregiver burden...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774655/looking-ahead-and-behind-at-supplemental-oxygen-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-with-pulmonary-fibrosis
#13
Bridget A Graney, Frederick S Wamboldt, Susan Baird, Tara Churney, Kaitlin Fier, Marjorie Korn, Mark McCormick, Thomas Vierzba, Jeffrey J Swigris
RATIONALE: Supplemental oxygen is prescribed to patients with pulmonary fibrosis to normalize oxygen saturations, decrease symptoms and improve quality of life. Along with potential benefits, patients face challenges as they incorporate oxygen into their lives. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to better understand the perceptions and experiences of patients with pulmonary fibrosis as they confronted the possibility and realities of using supplemental oxygen. METHODS: We performed a mixed-methods study in which we conducted a series of four structured telephone interviews with five patients with pulmonary fibrosis enrolled in a longitudinal observational study...
July 31, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774433/a-high-resolution-model-for-soft-tissue-deformation-based-on-point-primitives
#14
Yanni Zou, Peter X Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In order to achieve a high degree of visual realism in surgery simulation, we propose a new model, which is based on point primitives and continuous elastic mechanics theory, for soft tissue deformation, tearing and/or cutting. METHODS: The model can be described as a two-step local high-resolution strategy. First, appropriate volumetric data are sampled and assigned with proper physical properties. Second, sparsely sampled points in non-deformed regions and densely-sampled points in the deformed zone are selected and evaluated...
September 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772131/effects-of-interventions-on-normalizing-step-width-during-self-paced-dual-belt-treadmill-walking-with-virtual-reality-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
I L B Oude Lansink, L van Kouwenhove, P U Dijkstra, K Postema, J M Hijmans
BACKGROUND: Step width is increased during dual-belt treadmill walking, in self-paced mode with virtual reality. Generally a familiarization period is thought to be necessary to normalize step width. AIM: The aim of this randomised study was to analyze the effects of two interventions on step width, to reduce the familiarization period. METHODS: We used the GRAIL (Gait Real-time Analysis Interactive Lab), a dual-belt treadmill with virtual reality in the self-paced mode...
July 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767561/mixed-reality-in-visceral-surgery-development-of-a-suitable-workflow-and-evaluation-of-intraoperative-use-cases
#16
Igor M Sauer, Moritz Queisner, Peter Tang, Simon Moosburner, Ole Hoepfner, Rosa Horner, Rudiger Lohmann, Johann Pratschke
OBJECTIVE: The paper evaluates the application of a mixed reality (MR) headmounted display (HMD) for the visualization of anatomical structures in complex visceral-surgical interventions. A workflow was developed and technical feasibility was evaluated. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Medical images are still not seamlessly integrated into surgical interventions and, thus, remain separated from the surgical procedure.Surgeons need to cognitively relate 2-dimensional sectional images to the 3-dimensional (3D) during the actual intervention...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767368/model-based-referenceless-quality-metric-of-3d-synthesized-images-using-local-image-description
#17
Ke Gu, Vinit Jakhetiya, Jun-Fei Qiao, Xiaoli Li, Weisi Lin, Daniel Thalmann
New challenges have been brought out along with the emerging of 3D-related technologies such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and mixed reality (MR). Free viewpoint video (FVV), due to its applications in remote surveillance, remote education, etc, based on the flexible selection of direction and viewpoint, has been perceived as the development direction of next-generation video technologies and has drawn a wide range of researchers' attention. Since FVV images are synthesized via a depth image-based rendering (DIBR) procedure in the "blind" environment (without reference images), a reliable real-time blind quality evaluation and monitoring system is urgently required...
July 28, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726280/an-efficient-study-design-to-test-parent-of-origin-effects-in-family-trios
#18
Xiaobo Yu, Gao Chen, Rui Feng
Increasing evidence has shown that genes may cause prenatal, neonatal, and pediatric diseases depending on their parental origins. Statistical models that incorporate parent-of-origin effects (POEs) can improve the power of detecting disease-associated genes and help explain the missing heritability of diseases. In many studies, children have been sequenced for genome-wide association testing. But it may become unaffordable to sequence their parents and evaluate POEs. Motivated by the reality, we proposed a budget-friendly study design of sequencing children and only genotyping their parents through single nucleotide polymorphism array...
July 20, 2017: Genetic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696858/enhancing-the-science-of-discovery-in-public-health-systems-and-services-research-through-participatory-research-methods
#19
William C Livingood, Lori A Bilello, Ulyee Choe, Katryne Lukens-Bull
The objective was to combine cost analysis and participatory research to identify actionable cost-saving opportunities in public health services for sexually transmitted infections (STI). This study used a mixed-methods approach of analyzing Florida public health data, combined with participatory research approaches to data collection including quantitative web-based surveys, qualitative in-depth interviews, and group discussions. Florida surveillance and administrative data on STIs and county health department (CHD) costs of services for 2012 were analyzed in addition to primary data collected from all Florida CHDs during 2014 and 2015...
July 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673283/evaluating-the-comparative-effectiveness-of-different-demand-side-interventions-to-increase-maternal-health-service-utilization-and-practice-of-birth-spacing-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo-an-innovative-mixed-methods-approach
#20
Mari Dumbaugh, Wyvine Bapolisi, Jennie van de Weerd, Michel Zabiti, Paula Mommers, Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka, Sonja Merten
BACKGROUND: In this protocol we describe a mixed methods study in the province of South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo evaluating the effectiveness of different demand side strategies to increase maternal health service utilization and the practice of birth spacing. Conditional service subsidization, conditional cash transfers and non-monetary incentives aim to encourage women to use maternal health services and practice birth spacing in two different health districts. Our methodology will comparatively evaluate the effectiveness of different approaches against each other and no intervention...
July 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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