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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770560/how-nurses-restore-and-maintain-mobility-in-hospitalised-older-people-an-integrative-literature-review
#1
Stephanie Constantin, Sherry Dahlke
AIM: The aim of this integrative review of the literature was to evaluate and summarise current research about how nurses maintain and improve hospitalised older peoples' mobility levels. BACKGROUND: Older persons make up the majority of healthcare recipients, and they are at risk to experience significant decline in their mobility once hospitalised. This can result in longer hospitalisations or nursing home admissions. Currently, it is not well understood how nurses maintain and restore mobility of hospitalised older persons...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767295/violation-of-expectations-about-movement-and-goal-achievement-leads-to-sense-of-agency-reduction
#2
Riccardo Villa, Emmanuele Tidoni, Giuseppina Porciello, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
The control of one's own movements and of their impact on the external world generates a feeling of control referred to as Sense of Agency (SoA). SoA is experienced when actions match predictions and is reduced by unpredicted events. The present study investigated the contribution of monitoring two fundamental components of action-movement execution and goal achievement-that have been most often explored separately in previous research. We have devised a new paradigm in which participants performed goal-directed actions while viewing an avatar's hand in a mixed-reality scenario...
May 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766934/spectrum-of-metastatic-neoplasms-of-the-brain-a-clinicopathological-study-in-a-tertiary-care-cancer-centre
#3
Smrita Singh, Usha Amirtham, Chennagiri S Premalata, Kuntegowdanahalli C Lakshmaiah, Lokesh Viswanath, Rekha V Kumar
Background: While brain metastases (BM) are the most common causes of neurologic disorders in patients with known systemic malignancies, they can often be the initial manifestations of an undetected primary elsewhere. BM are major causes of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Aims: We describe a mixed population (data from both retrospective and prospective collection) having a BM from a solid tumor. We report the percentage distribution of the most frequent types of BM, confirming the data published in the literature...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763802/sorption-of-norfloxacin-sulfamerazine-and-oxytetracycline-by-koh-modified-biochar-under-single-and-ternary-systems
#4
Jiwei Luo, Xue Li, Chengjun Ge, Karin Müller, Huamei Yu, Peng Huang, Jiatong Li, Daniel C W Tsang, Nanthi S Bolan, Jörg Rinklebe, Hailong Wang
Pollution of water by single antibiotics has been investigated in depth. However, in reality, a wide range of different contaminants is often mixed in the aquatic environment (contaminant cocktail). Here, single and competitive sorption dynamics of ionizable norfloxacin (NOR), sulfamerazine (SMR) and oxytetracycline (OTC) by both pristine and modified biochars were investigated. Sorption kinetics of the three antibiotics was faster in ternary-solute than single-solute system. Sorption efficiency was enhanced in the competitive system for NOR by the pristine biochar, and for OTC by both the pristine biochar and the modified biochar, while SMR sorption by the pristine biochar and the KOH-modified biochar was inhibited...
May 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754119/a-pilot-study-and-brief-overview-of-rehabilitation-via-virtual-environment-in-patients-suffering-from-dementia
#5
Th Fasilis, P Patrikelis, A Siatouni, A Alexoudi, A Veretzioti, L Zachou, S-St Gatzonis
Dementia is one of the increasing problems of modern societies. The immediate cure is not a possible solution, at least at the moment, but science has found a number of new ways to retard and under specific conditions to halt its development. A potential, and constantly evolving scientific field is the use of Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation (CCR) and Virtual Environments (Vr.E). According to the existing literature, subjecting patients to various neuro-rehabilitative conditions within 3D virtual environments, allows them to obtain significant therapeutic benefits in which both transferability and durations over time are observed, in relation to the training period of the intervention...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740365/the-use-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-skills-training-in-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-for-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-study
#6
Araceli Flores, Marsha M Linehan, S Rob Todd, Hunter G Hoffman
Introduction: Paralysis from a spinal cord injury (SCI) increases risk of psychological problems including suicide attempts, substance use disorder, negative emotions (e.g., anger), depression, anxiety, ASD/PTSD. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy® (DBT®) has been shown to be effective for treating similar psychological symptoms in non-SCI patient populations. The current study explored for the first time, the feasibility and clinical potential of using Immersive Virtual Reality (VR) enhanced DBT® Mindfulness skills training to help reduce psychological symptoms (negative emotions and anxiety, ASD/PTSD) of two patients with SCI...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705754/novel-augmented-reality-solution-for-improving-health-literacy-around-antihypertensives-in-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-protocol-of-a-technology-evaluation-study
#7
Alireza Ahmadvand, Judy Drennan, Jean Burgess, Michele Clark, David Kavanagh, Kara Burns, Sarah Howard, Fleur Kelly, Chris Campbell, Lisa Nissen
INTRODUCTION: Low health literacy is common in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (up to 40%), associated with decreased self-efficacy in managing T2DM and its important complications, mainly hypertension. This study introduces, for the first time, an easy-to-use solution based on augmented reality (AR) on smartphones, to enhance health literacy around antihypertensive medicines. It assesses the feasibility of the solution for improving health literacy, oriented specifically to angiotensin II receptor blockers; embedding the health literacy improvement into the use cycle of angiotensin II receptor blockers and providing continuous access to information as a form of patient engagement...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701134/mixed-reality-technology-assisted-orthopedics-surgery-navigation
#8
Xinghuo Wu, Rong Liu, Jie Yu, Song Xu, Cao Yang, Zengwu Shao, Shuhua Yang, Zhewei Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679167/hot-joints-myth-or-reality-a-thermographic-joint-assessment-of-inflammatory-arthritis-patients
#9
Britney Jones, Imran Hassan, Ross T Tsuyuki, Marla Francisca Dos Santos, A S Russell, Elaine Yacyshyn
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common inflammatory disease that causes destruction of joints. Accurate recognition of active disease has significant implications in determining appropriate treatment; however, there is significant inter-rater variability in clinical joint assessment. This study aimed to assess the utility of thermographic imaging in the evaluation of inflammatory arthritis activity as an adjunct to clinical assessment. This was a cross-sectional study of 79 subjects recruited from the University of Alberta Outpatient Rheumatology clinic comparing the hand joints of 49 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosed by American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria to 30 healthy volunteers...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674630/early-first-trimester-maternal-high-fish-and-olive-oil-and-low-meat-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-accelerated-human-embryonic-development
#10
Francesca Parisi, Melek Rousian, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Anton H J Koning, Sten P Willemsen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Irene Cetin, Eric A P Steegers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maternal dietary patterns were associated with embryonic growth and congenital anomalies. We aim to evaluate associations between early first trimester maternal dietary patterns and embryonic morphological development among pregnancies with non-malformed outcome. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 228 strictly dated, singleton pregnancies without congenital malformations were enrolled in a periconceptional hospital-based cohort. Principal component analysis was performed to extract early first trimester maternal dietary patterns from food frequency questionnaires...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660087/older-adults-pay-an-additional-cost-when-texting-and-walking-effects-of-age-environment-and-use-of-mixed-reality-on-dual-task-performance
#11
Tal Krasovsky, Patrice L Weiss, Rachel Kizony
Background: Texting while walking (TeWW) has become common among people of all ages, and mobile phone use during gait is increasingly associated with pedestrian injury. Although dual-task walking performance is known to decline with age, data regarding the effect of age on dual-task performance in ecological settings are limited. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of age, environment (indoors/outdoors), and mixed reality (merging of real and virtual environments) on TeWW performance...
April 6, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644897/the-feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-low-cost-virtual-reality-based-upper-limb-stroke-rehabilitation-device-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Alyson Warland, Ioannis Paraskevopoulos, Emmanuel Tsekleves, Jennifer Ryan, Alexander Nowicky, Joanne Griscti, Hannah Levings, Cherry Kilbride
PURPOSE: To establish feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an adapted version of a commercially available, virtual-reality gaming system (the Personalised Stroke Therapy system) for upper-limb rehabilitation with community dwelling stroke-survivors. METHOD: Twelve stroke-survivors (nine females, mean age 58 years, [standard deviation 7.1], median stroke chronicity 42 months [interquartile range 34.7], Motricity index 14-25 for shoulder and elbow) were asked to complete nine, 40-min intervention sessions using two activities on the system over 3 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643265/thirty-day-readmission-rates-and-associated-factors-a-multilevel-analysis-of-practice-variations-in-french-public-psychiatry
#13
Coralie Gandré, Jeanne Gervaix, Julien Thillard, Jean-Marc Macé, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Karine Chevreul
BACKGROUND: Inpatient psychiatric readmissions are often used as an indicator of the quality of care and their reduction is in line with international recommendations for mental health care. Research on variations in inpatient readmission rates among mental health care providers is therefore of key importance as these variations can impact equity, quality and efficiency of care when they do not result from differences in patients' needs. AIMS OF THE STUDY: Our objectives were first to describe variations in inpatient readmission rates between public mental health care providers in France on a nationwide scale, and second, to identify their association with patient, health care providers and environment characteristics...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625956/video-outpatient-consultations-a-case-study-of-real-world-implementation-at-macro-meso-and-micro-level
#14
Trish Greenhalgh, Sara Shaw, Joseph Wherton, Shanti Vijayaraghavan, Joanne Morris, Satya Bhattacharya, Philippa Hanson, Desirée Campbell-Richards, Seendy Ramoutar, Anna Collard, Isabel Hodkinson
BACKGROUND: There is much interest in virtual consultations using video technology. Randomized controlled trials have shown video consultations to be acceptable, safe, and effective in selected conditions and circumstances. But this model has rarely been mainstreamed and sustained in real-world settings. OBJECTIVE: The study sought to (1) define good practice and inform implementation of video outpatient consultations and (2) generate transferable knowledge about challenges to scaling up and routinizing this service model...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615875/speed-biases-with-real-life-video-clips
#15
Federica Rossi, Elisa Montanaro, Claudio de'Sperati
We live almost literally immersed in an artificial visual world, especially motion pictures. In this exploratory study, we asked whether the best speed for reproducing a video is its original, shooting speed. By using adjustment and double staircase methods, we examined speed biases in viewing real-life video clips in three experiments, and assessed their robustness by manipulating visual and auditory factors. With the tested stimuli (short clips of human motion, mixed human-physical motion, physical motion and ego-motion), speed underestimation was the rule rather than the exception, although it depended largely on clip content, ranging on average from 2% (ego-motion) to 32% (physical motion)...
2018: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605399/the-relationship-between-the-menstrual-cycle-and-cortisol-secretion-daily-and-stress-invoked-cortisol-patterns
#16
Eva Montero-López, Ana Santos-Ruiz, M Carmen García-Ríos, Manuel Rodríguez-Blázquez, Heather L Rogers, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
The menstrual cycle involves significant changes in hormone levels, causing physical and psychological changes in women that are further influenced by stress. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between menstrual cycle phase and salivary cortisol patterns during the day as well as the salivary cortisol response to the Virtual Reality Version of the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST-VR). Forty two women not taking oral contraceptives (24 in follicular phase and 18 in luteal phase) participated in the study...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580634/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-and-depressive-symptoms-during-virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-with-a-cognitive-enhancer
#17
Melissa Peskin, Katarzyna Wyka, Judith Cukor, Megan Olden, Margaret Altemus, Francis S Lee, JoAnn Difede
Two studies suggest that reductions in posttraumatic symptoms (Aderka et al., 2013) and cognitions (Zalta et al., 2014) precede reductions in depressive symptoms during prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in female assault survivors. The present study explored the temporal relationship between posttraumatic and depressive symptoms in a randomized trial of D-Cycloserine (DCS) versus placebo augmented virtual reality exposure (VRE) therapy for chronic World Trade Center-related PTSD following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551734/removing-own-limb-visual-input-using-mixed-reality-mr-produces-a-telescoping-illusion-in-healthy-individuals
#18
Mikkel Thøgersen, John Hansen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Herta Flor, Laura Petrini
The purpose of the present study was to assess changes in body perception when visual feedback was removed from the hand and arm with the purpose of resembling the visual deprivation arising from amputation. The illusion was created by removing the visual feedback from the participants' own left forearm using a mixed reality (MR) and green screen environment. Thirty healthy persons (15 female) participated in the study. Each subject experienced two MR conditions, one with and one without visual feedback from the left hand, and a baseline condition with normal vision of the limb (no MR)...
March 15, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546445/-team-training-and-assessment-in-mixed-reality-based-simulated-operating-room-current-state-of-research-in-the-field-of-simulation-in-spine-surgery-exemplified-by-the-atmeos-project
#19
REVIEW
P Stefan, M Pfandler, P Wucherer, S Habert, J Fürmetz, S Weidert, E Euler, U Eck, M Lazarovici, M Weigl, N Navab
Surgical simulators are being increasingly used as an attractive alternative to clinical training in addition to conventional animal models and human specimens. Typically, surgical simulation technology is designed for the purpose of teaching technical surgical skills (so-called task trainers). Simulator training in surgery is therefore in general limited to the individual training of the surgeon and disregards the participation of the rest of the surgical team. The objective of the project Assessment and Training of Medical Experts based on Objective Standards (ATMEOS) is to develop an immersive simulated operating room environment that enables the training and assessment of multidisciplinary surgical teams under various conditions...
April 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543181/mrtouch-adding-touch-input-to-head-mounted-mixed-reality
#20
Robert Xiao, Julia Schwarz, Nick Throm, Andrew D Wilson, Hrvoje Benko
We present MRTouch, a novel multitouch input solution for head-mounted mixed reality systems. Our system enables users to reach out and directly manipulate virtual interfaces affixed to surfaces in their environment, as though they were touchscreens. Touch input offers precise, tactile and comfortable user input, and naturally complements existing popular modalities, such as voice and hand gesture. Our research prototype combines both depth and infrared camera streams together with real-time detection and tracking of surface planes to enable robust finger-tracking even when both the hand and head are in motion...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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