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Drug induced parkinsonism

Aman Chandra Kaushik, Shiv Bharadwaj, Sanjay Kumar, Dong-Qing Wei
Parkinson's disease (PD) arises as neurodegenerative disorder and characterized by progressive deterioration of motor functions due to forfeiture of dopamine-releasing neurons. During PD, neurons at stake loss their functionality that results into cognition impairment and forgetfulness, commonly called as dementia. Recently, nanoparticles (NPs) have been reported for easy drug delivery through blood-brain barrier (BBB) into the central nervous system (CNS) against the conventional drug delivery systems. However, present study attempted to elucidate the α-synuclein activity, a major factor casing PD, in presence of its inhibitor cerium oxide (CeO2 ) nanoparticle via computational biology approach...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tom H Johnston, Alix M B Lacoste, Naomi P Visanji, Anthony E Lang, Susan H Fox, Jonathan M Brotchie
In this review, we discuss the opportunity for repurposing drugs for use in l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) in Parkinson's disease. LID is a particularly suitable indication for drug repurposing given its pharmacological diversity, translatability of animal-models, availability of Phase II proof-of-concept (PoC) methodologies and the indication-specific regulatory environment. A compound fit for repurposing is defined as one with appropriate human safety-data as well as animal safety, toxicology and pharmacokinetic data as found in an Investigational New Drug (IND) package for another indication...
June 1, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Daniel Little, Christin Luft, Olukunbi Mosaku, Maëlle Lorvellec, Zhi Yao, Sébastien Paillusson, Janos Kriston-Vizi, Sonia Gandhi, Andrey Y Abramov, Robin Ketteler, Michael J Devine, Paul Gissen
Mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in many neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD). Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provide a unique cell model for studying neurological diseases. We have established a high-content assay that can simultaneously measure mitochondrial function, morphology and cell viability in iPSC-derived dopaminergic neurons. iPSCs from PD patients with mutations in SNCA and unaffected controls were differentiated into dopaminergic neurons, seeded in 384-well plates and stained with the mitochondrial membrane potential dependent dye TMRM, alongside Hoechst-33342 and Calcein-AM...
June 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Eduardo De Pablo-Fernandez, Raph Goldacre, Julia Pakpoor, Alastair J Noyce, Thomas T Warner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and subsequent Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: Linked English national Hospital Episode Statistics and mortality data (1999-2011) were used to conduct a retrospective cohort study. A cohort of individuals admitted for hospital care with a coded diagnosis of T2DM was constructed, and compared to a reference cohort. Subsequent PD risk was estimated using Cox regression models. Individuals with a coded diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease, vascular parkinsonism, drug-induced parkinsonism, and normal pressure hydrocephalus were excluded from the analysis...
June 13, 2018: Neurology
Vetrivel Babu Nagarajan, Padmaja Anil Marathe
Despite the availability of many drugs offering symptomatic relief in Parkinson's disease, there are no drugs available offering neuroprotective effect. Hence, it was decided to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of montelukast, an anti-inflammatory drug, in rotenone induced model of Parkinson's disease in rats. 48 male wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups. Group 1: Vehicle control, Group 2: Montelukast 5 mg/kg, Group 3: Montelukast 10 mg/kg. All the groups received rotenone 2.5 mg/kg intraperitoneally for 10 days as a disease inducing agent...
June 6, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Sunil Bhurtel, Nikita Katila, Sabita Neupane, Sunil Srivastav, Pil-Hoon Park, Dong-Young Choi
The relatively old, yet clinically used, drug methylene blue (MB) is known to possess neuroprotective properties by reducing aggregated proteins, augmenting the antioxidant response, and enhancing mitochondrial function and survival in various models of neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of MB in Parkinson's disease (PD) in vivo and in vitro models by using 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)/1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ ) with a focus on possible effects on induction of neurotrophic factors...
June 7, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Neda Valian, Abolhassan Ahmadiani, Leila Dargahi
Methamphetamine (MA), a highly addictive psychostimulant, produces long-lasting neurotoxic effects well proven in nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Considering the similarities between pathological profile of MA neurotoxicity and Parkinson's disease (PD), some reports show that previous MA abusers will be at greater risk of PD-like motor deficits. To answer the question if repeated MA exposure causes parkinsonian-like behavior in rats, we used three regimens of MA administration and assessed the motor performance parameters immediately and over a long period after MA discontinuation...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Hye-Sun Lim, Yu Jin Kim, Bu-Yeo Kim, Gunhyuk Park, Soo-Jin Jeong
The activation of microglia is decisively involved with the neurodegeneration observed in many neuroinflammatory pathologies, such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Tectorigenin (TEC) is an isoflavone isolated from various medicinal plants, such as Pueraria thunbergiana Benth, Belamcanda chinensis , and Iris unguicularis . In the present study, the neuroinflammatory effects of TEC were evaluated in both lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated BV-2 microglial and mouse models. TEC remarkably inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Di-Sheng Lu, Ce Chen, Ya-Xin Zheng, Dai-Di Li, Guo-Qing Wang, Jie Liu, Jingshan Shi, Feng Zhang
Until now, the dopamine (DA) precursor, L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), remains the gold standard effective drug therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Nevertheless, long-term chronic L-DOPA administration leads to the drug efficacy loss and severe adverse effects, such as L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Icariin (ICA), a flavonoid that is extracted from Epimedium, has been proved to evoke neuroprotection against DA neuronal loss in PD animal models. Here, the present study detected the effects of ICA combined with L-DOPA on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-elicited DA neurotoxicity and L-DOPA-induced motor dysfunction as well...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Jaume Taura, Ernest G Nolen, Gisela Cabré, Jordi Hernando, Lucia Squarcialupi, Marc López-Cano, Kenneth A Jacobson, Víctor Fernández-Dueñas, Francisco Ciruela
G protein-coupled adenosine receptors are promising therapeutic targets for a wide range of neuropathological conditions, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the ubiquity of adenosine receptors and the ultimate lack of selectivity of certain adenosine-based drugs have frequently diminished their therapeutic use. Photopharmacology is a novel approach that allows the spatiotemporal control of receptor function, thus circumventing some of these limitations. Here, we aimed to develop a light-sensitive caged adenosine A2A receptor (A2A R) antagonist to photocontrol movement disorders...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Yasmina Tashkent, Vinod Aiyappan
Dopamine agonists such as pramipexole are commonly used in the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS) as well as Parkinson's disease. Pramipexole's common side effects are well documented; however, adverse skin reactions are less well known. In this case, a 45-year-old male farmer presented with excessive daytime tiredness and reported a history suggestive of RLS. He was initiated on pramipexole but developed a maculopapular erythematous rash in sun-exposed areas 8 days after its commencement. The skin rash resolved following pramipexole's cessation and it is thought the patient experienced a drug-induced photosensitivity reaction to pramipexole...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Shin-Young Park, Govindarajan Karthivashan, Hyun Myung Ko, Duk-Yeon Cho, Joonsoo Kim, Dae Jun Cho, Palanivel Ganesan, In Su-Kim, Dong-Kug Choi
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a commonly reported age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Microglial-mediated neuroinflammation is one of the cardinal hallmarks of various neurodegenerative disorders, including PD progression. Inadequate therapeutic strategies and substantial adverse effects of well-established drug candidates demand new therapeutic leads to treat PD. Dendropanax morbifera (DM) is an endemic plant species of South Korea, and it has been used extensively as traditional medicine to treat numerous clinical complications...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Etienne Goubault, Hung P Nguyen, Sarah Bogard, Pierre J Blanchet, Erwan Bézard, Claude Vincent, Mélanie Langlois, Christian Duval
BACKGROUND: Clinical and anecdotal observations propose that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may show drug-induced dyskinesia (DID) concomitantly with cardinal motor features. However, the extent of the concomitant presence of DID and cardinal features remains to be determined. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study measured peak-dose, choreic-type DID in a quantitative manner in patients diagnosed with PD, and determined whether symptoms such as tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, postural instability or freezing of gait (FoG) were still detectable in these patients...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Osama Refai, Randy D Blakely
The catecholamine neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) exerts powerful modulatory control of physiology and behavior across phylogeny. Perturbations of DA signaling in humans are associated with multiple neurodegenerative and behavioral disorders, including Parkinson's disease, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, addiction and schizophrenia. In the nematode C. elegans, DA signaling regulates mating behavior, learning, food seeking and locomotion. Previously, we demonstrated that loss of function mutations in the dat-1 gene that encodes the presynaptic DA transporter (DAT-1) results in a rapid cessation of movement when animals are placed in water, termed Swimming Induced Paralysis (Swip)...
May 22, 2018: Neurochemistry International
Mariama Jaiteh, Alexey Zeifman, Marcus Saarinen, Per Svenningsson, José M Brea, Maria Isabel Loza, Jens Carlsson
Modulation of multiple biological targets with a single drug can lead to synergistic therapeutic effects and has been demonstrated to be essential for efficient treatment of CNS disorders. However, rational design of compounds that interact with several targets is very challenging. Here, we demonstrate that structure-based virtual screening can guide the discovery of multi-target ligands of unrelated proteins relevant for Parkinson's disease. A library with 5.4 million molecules was docked to crystal structures of the A2A adenosine receptor (A2AAR) and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B)...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Aaron D Springer, Steven F Dowdy
Short-interfering RNA (siRNA)-induced RNAi responses have great potential to treat a wide variety of human diseases from cancer to pandemic viral outbreaks to Parkinson's Disease. However, before siRNAs can become drugs, they must overcome a billion years of evolutionary defenses designed to keep invading RNAs on the outside cells from getting to the inside of cells. Not surprisingly, significant effort has been placed in developing a wide array of delivery technologies. Foremost of these has been the development of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) siRNA conjugates for delivery to liver...
May 24, 2018: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Eduarda G Z Centeno, Helena Cimarosti, Angela Bithell
Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), affect millions of people every year and so far, there are no therapeutic cures available. Even though animal and histological models have been of great aid in understanding disease mechanisms and identifying possible therapeutic strategies, in order to find disease-modifying solutions there is still a critical need for systems that can provide more predictive and physiologically relevant results...
May 22, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
Mauro Ursino, Chiara Baston
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive decline in motor functions, such as bradykinesia, caused by the pathological denervation of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons within the basal ganglia (BG). It is acknowledged that dopamine (DA) directly affects the modulatory role of BG towards the cortex. However, a growing body of literature is suggesting that DA induced aberrant synaptic plasticity could play a role in the core symptoms of PD, thus recalling for a "reconceptualization" of the pathophysiology...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Joelle de Melo Turnes, Taysa Bervian Bassani, Leonardo C Souza, Maria A B F Vital
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the drug saxagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor which is utilized for the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus, has neuroprotective effects in the animal model of Parkinson's disease (PD) induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats (weighing 280-300 g) received a bilateral infusion of 6-OHDA in the substantia nigra. Twenty-four hours later, they were treated with saxagliptin (1 mg/kg, p.o) once daily, for 21 days...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Nataliya Titova, K Ray Chaudhuri
Most patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have non-motor symptoms (NMS), and on average these can range from four to 19 different symptoms. NMS dominate the prodromal phase of PD and some may serve as clinical biomarkers of PD. NMS can be dopaminergic, non-dopaminergic, of genetic origin or drug induced. Clinical assessment of NMS should include the NMS Questionnaire (completed by patients) for screening, as recommended by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society and other international societies...
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
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