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Diabetic foot care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651102/exosomes-from-adipose-derived-stem-cells-overexpressing-nrf2-accelerate-cutaneous-wound-healing-by-promoting-vascularization-in-a-diabetic-foot-ulcer-rat-model
#1
Xue Li, Xiaoyun Xie, Weishuai Lian, Rongfeng Shi, Shilong Han, Haijun Zhang, Ligong Lu, Maoquan Li
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) increase the risks of infection and amputation in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The impaired function and senescence of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and high glucose-induced ROS likely exacerbate DFUs. We assessed EPCs in 60 patients with DM in a hospital or primary care setting. We also evaluated the therapeutic effects of exosomes secreted from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on stress-mediated senescence of EPCs induced by high glucose. Additionally, the effects of exosomes and Nrf2 overexpression in ADSCs were investigated in vitro and in vivo in a diabetic rat model...
April 13, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650101/foot-care
#2
John M Embil, Zaina Albalawi, Keith Bowering, Elly Trepman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644145/publicly-reported-wound-healing-rates-the-fantasy-and-the-reality
#3
REVIEW
Caroline E Fife, Kristen A Eckert, Marissa J Carter
Significance: We compare real-world data from the U.S. Wound Registry (USWR) with randomized controlled trials and publicly reported wound outcomes and develop criteria for honest reporting of wound outcomes, a requirement of the new Quality Payment Program (QPP). Recent Advances: Because no method has existed by which wounds could be stratified according to their likelihood of healing among real-world patients, practitioners have reported fantastically high healing rates. The USWR has developed several risk-stratified wound healing quality measures for diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and venous leg ulcers (VLUs) as part of its Qualified Clinical Data Registry (QCDR)...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626020/bone-and-joint-infection
#4
Julia Colston, Bridget Atkins
Bone and joint infections include septic arthritis, prosthetic joint infections, osteomyelitis, spinal infections (discitis, vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural abscess) and diabetic foot osteomyelitis. All of these may present through the acute medical take. This article discusses the pathogenesis of infection and highlights the importance of taking a careful history and fully examining the patient. It also emphasises the importance of early surgical intervention in many cases. Consideration of alternative diagnoses, appropriate imaging and high-quality microbiological sampling is important to allow appropriate and targeted antimicrobial therapy...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617058/multicenter-randomized-controlled-observer-blinded-study-of-a-nitric-oxide-generating-treatment-in-foot-ulcers-of-patients-with-diabetes-pronox1-study
#5
Michael E Edmonds, Harvey J Bodansky, Andrew Jm Boulton, Paul J Chadwick, Cuong N Dang, Ryan D'Costa, Atholl Johnston, Brian Kennon, Graham Leese, Satyan M Rajbhandari, Thomas E Serena, Matthew J Young, Joanne E Stewart, Arthur T Tucker, Marissa J Carter
The aim of this multi-center, prospective, observer-blinded, parallel group, randomized controlled trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of EDX110, a nitric oxide generating medical device, in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers in a patient group reflecting "real world" clinical practice compared against optimal standard care. Participants were recruited from ten hospital sites in multidisciplinary foot ulcer clinics. The ulcers were full thickness, with an area of 25-2500mm2 and either a palpable pedal pulse or ankle brachial pressure index >0...
April 4, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611840/quality-of-care-for-patients-with-diabetes-done-by-family-medicine-team-during-the-period-2013-2016
#6
Larisa Gavran, Salih Tandir, Suad Sivić, Fatima Topčić
Aim To assess whether the quality of diabetes care provided by a family medicine team changed over the course of four years and to identify potential gaps in our practice in order to improve it in the future. Methods An audit was carried out for randomly selected 120 medical records (MC) from the Diabetes Registry of patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus treated by one family medicine team for four consecutive years, from 2013 to 2016. We examined demographic data (gender, age, diabetes type, family history), annual examinations (glycated haemoglobin, blood glucose, lipid profile, neurological examination, urinalysis, foot care, ocular fundus and body mass index), prescribed insulin or other drugs and patients' education...
August 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611155/managing-the-diabetic-foot-ulcer-how-best-practices-fit-the-real-2018-united-states
#7
Nicole Ilonzo, Munir Patel, John C Lantis
Diabetes Mellitus is a serious systemic illness that has an epidemic-like increasing prevalence in the United States, as well as the rest of the world. With the increasing number of people with diabetes comes the higher incidence of diabetes-related complications. One of these known complications, diabetic foot ulcers (DFU), has an estimated lifetime incidence of 15% in diabetics. Having a DFU increases the risk of infection, amputation, and even death, which is why prompt treatment and surveillance of such ulcers is imperative...
March 29, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608799/one-stop-microvascular-screening-service-an-effective-model-for-the-early-detection-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-and-the-high-risk-foot
#8
O Binns-Hall, D Selvarajah, D Sanger, J Walker, A Scott, S Tesfaye
AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility of a one-stop microvascular screening service for the early diagnosis of diabetic distal symmetrical polyneuropathy, painful distal symmetrical polyneuropathy and the at-risk diabetic foot. METHODS: People with diabetes attending retinal screening in hospital and community settings had their feet examined by a podiatrist. Assessment included: Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score evaluation; a 10-g monofilament test; and two validated, objective and quick measures of neuropathy obtained using the point-of-care devices 'DPN-Check', a hand-held device that measures sural nerve conduction velocity and amplitude, and 'Sudoscan', a device that measures sudomotor function...
April 2, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601617/collagen-powder-in-wound-healing
#9
Penelope J Kallis, Adam J Friedman
Chronic wounds, such as pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and venous leg ulcers, are associated with high costs, poor quality of life, and significant morbidity and mortality. A chronic wound develops when progression through the normal phases of wound healing goes awry, creating a hostile environment with elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, increased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), destruction of extracellular matrix (ECM) components, and diminished activity of growth factors and other soluble mediators...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595900/a-perioperative-approach-to-increase-limb-salvage-when-treating-foot-ulcers-in-patients-with-diabetes
#10
Raelina S Howell, Theresa Criscitelli, Jon S Woods, Brian M Gillette, Harold Brem, Scott Gorenstein
Foot ulceration in patients with diabetes increases the risk of lower extremity amputation. Major amputations produce substantial adverse consequences, increase length of hospital stay, diminish quality of life, and increase mortality. In this article, we describe approaches that decrease amputations and improve the quality of life for patients with diabetes and foot ulcers. We highlight the role of the perioperative nurse, who is essential to providing optimal patient care in the perioperative period. Perioperative care of patients with diabetes involves providing optimal surveillance for a break in the skin of the foot, screening for neuropathy, following guidelines for foot ulcer infections, preparing for pathophysiology-based debridement, using adjuvant therapies, and offloading the patient's affected foot...
April 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584608/utilization-of-a-viable-human-amnion-membrane-allograft-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-lower-extremity-wounds-of-various-etiologies
#11
Matthew Regulski
ntroduction. Chronic nonhealing wounds are a growing health care problem in the United States, afflicting more than 6.5 million patients annually. In particular, diseases that compromise skin integrity and impair normal wound healing processes, such as diabetes and peripheral vascular diseases, are becoming more common in the aging population and leading to ever-increasing incidence of these chronic nonhealing wounds. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate a viable human amnion membrane allograft (vHAMA) for the treatment of chronic nonhealing wounds in elderly patients (aged > 65 years) with multiple comorbidities...
March 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584602/effect-of-a-new-purified-collagen-matrix-with-polyhexamethylene-biguanide-on-recalcitrant-wounds-of-various-etiologies-a-case-series
#12
Dimitrios Lintzeris, Karen Vernon, Heather Percise, Andy Strickland, Kari Yarrow, Amber White, Mary Gurganus, Susan Sherrod, Kathleen Vergin, Laura Johnson
INTRODUCTION: The management of chronic, nonhealing wounds in patients with multiple comorbidities continues to be a challenge for health care practitioners. Chronic wounds typically do not progress through the normal phases of wound healing and generally remain stagnant during the inflammatory phase, resulting in an increase in proteolytic enzymes with degradation of the extracellular matrix. Bacterial biofilm has been documented to be one of the main factors delaying wound healing, resulting in the prolongation of the inflammatory phase...
March 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584601/application-of-viable-cryopreserved-human-placental-membrane-grafts-in-the-treatment-of-wounds-of-diverse-etiologies-a-case-series
#13
Derek S Anselmo, James B McGuire, Ebony Love, Tracey Vlahovic
There is evidence in the literature that viable cryopreserved human placental membrane (vCHPM) grafts are effective in treating diabetic foot ulcers and venous leg ulcers. OBJECTIVE: This case series presents 3 cases of chronic ulcerations - 1 arterial ulcer (AU), 1 pressure ulcer (PU), and 1 recurrence of a pyoderma gangrenosum ulcer (PGU) - that had failed previous courses of standard wound care and were subsequently treated with vCHPM to determine if the treatment is an effective modality for treating wounds of these etiologies...
March 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582817/diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-syndrome-in-south-india
#14
Thoiba Karam, Yogish Subraya Kamath, Lavanya G Rao, Krishna Addoor Rao, Shailaja Bhat Shenoy, Sulatha V Bhandary
Purpose: The purpose was to study the retinopathy status in diabetic patients with a risk of diabetic foot (DF) syndrome visiting a tertiary care hospital in South India. Methods: In this cross sectional study all patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) with a risk of DF syndrome, visiting a tertiary care hospital during the study period, underwent an ophthalmological evaluation for documentation of their retinopathy status. Results: One hundred and eighty-two patients diagnosed to have a risk profile for DF syndrome were included in the study...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571226/the-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-registry-driving-quality-and-demonstrating-compliance
#15
Caroline E Fife, Kristen A Eckert
Objective: To provide an update on the status of provider participation in the US Wound Registry (USWR) and its specialty registry the Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Registry (HBOTR), which provide much-needed national benchmarking and quality measurement services for hyperbaric medicine. Methods: Providers can meet many requirements of the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) and simultaneously participate in the HBOTR by transmitting Continuity of Care Documents (CCDs) directly from their certified electronic health record (EHR) or by reporting hyperbaric quality measures, the specifications for which are available free of charge for download from the registry website as electronic clinical quality measures for installation into any certified EHR...
January 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569418/monitoring-of-ph-and-temperature-of-neuropathic-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-foot-ulcers-for-12-weeks-an-observational-study
#16
G Gethin, G M O'Connor, J Abedin, J Newell, L Flynn, D Watterson, A O'Loughlin
Wound bed assessment is largely reliant on subjective interpretation without recourse to objective tools or biomarkers. The identification of a point of care, reliable biomarker would enhance assessment and ultimately clinical decision-making. Two potentially emerging wound biomarkers exist: surface pH and surface temperature. To date, knowledge of their use has been predominantly in wound prevention, in vitro studies and single time measurements. Our objective was to determine surface pH, size and surface temperature in non-infected, neuropathic foot ulcers at baseline and at 12 weeks...
March 22, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565787/diabetes-preventive-care-practices-in-north-carolina-2000-2015
#17
Huabin Luo, Ronny A Bell, Doyle M Cummings, Zhuo Adam Chen
This analysis assessed trends in measures of diabetes preventive care overall and by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in the North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (2000-2015). We found increasing trends in 5 measures: diabetes self-management education (DSME), daily blood glucose self-monitoring, hemoglobin A1c tests, foot examinations, and flu shots. Non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white respondents showed increases in blood glucose self-monitoring, and a significant time-by-race interaction was observed for annual flu shots...
March 22, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563821/decreased-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-problems
#18
Jin Sothornwit, Gulapar Srisawasdi, Atchara Suwannakin, Apiradee Sriwijitkamol
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with diabetic foot problems and compare the HRQoL between diabetic patients with: 1) diabetic foot problems (DF), including diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) or amputation (AMPU); 2) other diabetic complications (COM), such as diabetic retinopathy (DR), end-stage renal disease (ESRD), or coronary artery disease (CAD); and 3) no diabetic complication (CON). Patients and methods: A total of 254 diabetic patients were studied in a cross-sectional setting...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561340/validation-of-the-healthy-foot-screen-a-novel-assessment-tool-for-common-clinical-abnormalities
#19
Reneeka Persaud, Patricia M Coutts, Alisa Brandon, Luvneet Verma, James A Elliott, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about the Healthy Foot Screen, a new tool for assessment of common foot abnormalities. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:1...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559450/current-challenges-and-opportunities-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#20
William J Jeffcoate, Loretta Vileikyte, Edward J Boyko, David G Armstrong, Andrew J M Boulton
Diabetic foot ulcers remain a major health care problem. They are common, result in considerable suffering, frequently recur, and are associated with high mortality, as well as considerable health care costs. While national and international guidance exists, the evidence base for much of routine clinical care is thin. It follows that many aspects of the structure and delivery of care are susceptible to the beliefs and opinion of individuals. It is probable that this contributes to the geographic variation in outcome that has been documented in a number of countries...
April 2018: Diabetes Care
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