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Anterior talofibular ligament

Tun Hing Lui
The open anatomic repair of the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments (modified Brostrom procedure) is widely accepted as the standard surgical stabilization procedure for lateral ankle instability that does not respond to conservative measures. Arthroscopic Brostrom procedures with a suture anchor have been reported to achieve both anatomic repair of the lateral ankle ligaments and management of the associated intra-articular lesions. However, the complication rates are higher than open Brostom procedures...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
S Y Lee, S-S Kwon, M S Park, M K Chung, K B Kim, S Koo, K M Lee
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between bone morphology and injured ligaments on imaging studies and laxity on ankle stress radiographs in patients with lateral ankle instability. In total, 115 patients who had undergone ankle MRI, ankle radiography, and stress radiography were included. Distal tibial articular surface angle, bimalleolar tilt, medial and lateral malleolar relative length, medial malleolar slip angle, anterior inclination of the tibia, and fibular position were measured on ankle radiographs...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
James M Cottom, Joseph S Baker, Phillip E Richardson, Jared M Maker
Arthroscopic lateral ankle stabilization has become an increasingly popular option among foot and ankle surgeons to address lateral ankle instability, because it combines a modified Broström-Gould procedure with the ability to address any intra-articular pathologic findings at the same session. The present study evaluated 3 different constructs in a cadaveric model. Thirty-six fresh frozen cadaver limbs were used, and the anterior talofibular ligament was identified and sectioned. The specimens were then placed into 1 of 3 groups...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Juliette Ding, Antoine Moraux, Éric Nectoux, Xavier Demondion, Élisa Amzallag-Bellenger, Nathalie Boutry
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new sonographic feature for a traumatic lesion of the ankle in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present a retrospective review of superior extensor retinaculum (SER) avulsions diagnosed by ultrasound (US) as a cause of subperiosteal haematoma (SPH) and periosteal apposition of the distal fibula in seven children (3 girls and 4 boys, mean age 13.4 years; age range 10-15 years) after an inversion trauma of the ankle. Two children were subsequently examined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Kalpesh R Vaghela, Hans Clement, Lee Parker
BACKGROUND: Open surgical access to the postero-lateral talar dome for the treatment of osteochondral lesions is challenging, often requiring a segmental osteotomy of the fibula (fibular window) and division of the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL) or a fibular osteotomy with division of the AITFL and the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) (fibular door). Alternatively, to preserve the tibiofibular syndesmosis both the fibula and the lateral tibial plafond can be osteotomised to expose the entire lateral talar dome...
September 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Jia Yu, Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Hongtao Zhang, Zong-Ping Luo, Ming Zhang
High-heeled shoes have the capability to alter the strain and tension of ligamentous structures between the foot and ankle, which may result in ankle instability. However, high-heeled shoes can also reduce the strain on plantar fascia, which may be beneficial for the treatment of plantar fasciitis. In this study, the influence of heel height on strain and tension force applied to the anterior talofibular ligament (ATL) and plantar fascia were investigated. A three-dimensional finite element model of coupled foot-ankle-shoe complex was constructed...
October 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
Masahiko Kemmochi, Shigeru Sasaki, Kazuki Fujisaki, Yusuke Oguri, Akihiro Kotani, Shoichi Ichimura
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) has become a useful tool in the evaluation of thickness and continuity of damaged ligaments owing to the rapid advances in its performance and availability. Furthermore, US examination is economical and can be undertaken in a more timely manner than MRI, as it can be performed during the first patient visit. It is also likely to be more accurate than the traditional method of palpating ligaments to diagnose possible injury. The anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) is most frequently injured of the lateral ankle ligaments and easy to depict on US...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Kentaro Matsui, Xavier Martin Oliva, Masato Takao, Bruno S Pereira, Tiago Mota Gomes, Jan Martinez Lozano, Mark Glazebrook
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical utility of three bony tubercles: fibular obscure tubercle, talar obscure tubercle and tuberculum ligamenti calcaneofibularis, to serve as anatomical landmarks for defining the precise location of the origins and insertions of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL). METHODS: Twelve lower extremity cadaveric specimens were procured. The detectability of the tubercles was tested using palpation and fluoroscopy with subsequent confirmation after dissection...
June 28, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Saad R El Ashry, Tarek A El Gamal, Simon R Platt
Chronic ankle instability is a disabling condition, often occurring as a result of traumatic ankle injury. A paucity of published data is available documenting chronic ankle instability in the pediatric population. Much of the data has been confined to the adult population. We present 2 cases of chronic ankle instability, 1 in a 12-year-old and 1 in a 9-year-old patient. Unlike the typical adult etiology, the cause of instability was a dysfunctional lateral ligamentous complex as a consequence of bony avulsion of the tip of the fibula...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Mohammed Khalid Faqi, Abdulla AlJawder, Fahad Alkhalifa, Ali H Almajed
The Lauge-Hansen (LH) classification attempts to predict patterns of ankle injuries based upon the preceding mechanism of injury. Although it is widely used in clinical practice, it has been criticized mainly due to numerous reports of cases conflicting the prediction system. Here, we report a case of a 32-year-old male who sustained a Weber B fracture of the lateral malleolus following a supination ankle injury, which was treated conservatively, following which the patient presented with ankle instability and was found to have concurrent anterior talofibular ligament tear...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Kentaro Matsui, Masato Takao, Yuki Tochigi, Satoru Ozeki, Mark Glazebrook
PURPOSE: To gain a better understanding of the precise anatomy of the lateral ligaments of the ankle through a systematic review of published cadaveric studies in order to improve anatomical minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for treatment of chronic ankle instability (CAI). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane databases and Web of Science on June 2015 with the two search concepts: "lateral ligament of the ankle" and "anatomy"...
June 13, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Gema Chamorro-Moriana, Carmen Ridao-Fernández, Joaquín Ojeda, Marisa Benítez-Lugo, José Luis Sevillano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design and validate a functional assessment scale for assisted gait with forearm crutches (Chamorro Assisted Gait Scale-CHAGS) and to assess its reliability in people with sprained ankles. DESIGN: Thirty subjects who suffered from sprained ankle (anterior talofibular ligament first and second degree) were included in the study. A modified Delphi technique was used to obtain the content validity. The selected items were: pelvic and scapular girdle dissociation(1), deviation of Center of Gravity(2), crutch inclination(3), steps rhythm(4), symmetry of step length(5), cross support(6), simultaneous support of foot and crutch(7), forearm off(8), facing forward(9) and fluency(10)...
2016: PloS One
Chang Liu, Hai-sen Zhang, Bao-jing Pei, Huai-liang Wang, Hang Su, Qing-hai Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effect of arthroscopic excision of the os subfibulare in anterior-lateral ankle pain. METHODS: From December 2005 to Augest 2014, 16 patients suffering from pain associated with an os subfibulare in the anterior-lateral side of their ankles were reviewed. Among the patients,11 patients were male and 5 were female, with a mean age of (33.5 ± 15.6) years old. The mean maximum diameter of os subfibulare was (0.70 ± 0.26) cm. All the patients underwent excision of the osseous fragments, and had anatomic reconstruction of the anterior talofibular ligament if the anterior-lateral ankle was instable...
February 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jae-Sung Yoo, Eun-Ah Yang
BACKGROUND: The concept of utilizing nonabsorbable suture tape fixed directly to bone to augment Brostrom repairs of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) has been proposed. However, no clinical data are currently available regarding the arthroscopic modified Brostrom operation with an internal brace. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 85 consecutive patients (22 in the with internal brace group; 63 in the without internal brace group) who could be followed up for >6 months after undergoing an arthroscopic modified Brostrom operation...
April 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jisook Yi, Jang Gyu Cha, Young Koo Lee, Bo Ra Lee, Chan Hong Jeon
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of a three-dimensional (3D) T2-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) magnetic resonance (MR) sequence compared with two-dimensional (2D) sequence for diagnosing anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) tears, chondral lesion of the talus (CLT) and os subfibulare/avulsion fracture of the distal fibula (OSF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients were included, who had undergone ankle MRI with 3D T2-weighted FSE and 2D T2-weighted FSE sequences, as well as subsequent ankle arthroscopy, between November 2013 and July 2014...
July 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Lauren M Matheny, Nicholas S Johnson, Daniel J Liechti, Thomas O Clanton
BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared outcomes of Broström-Gould repair and allograft reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes and revision rates after Broström-Gould lateral ankle ligament repair versus anatomic allograft reconstruction in patients with lateral ankle instability. The hypothesis was that patients who underwent lateral ankle ligament repair would have outcomes and revision rates similar to those of patients who underwent anatomic allograft reconstruction...
May 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Masato Takao, Mark Glazebrook, James Stone, Stéphane Guillo
Ankle instability is a condition that often requires surgery to stabilize the ankle joint that will improve pain and function if nonoperative treatments fail. Ankle stabilization surgery may be performed as a repair in which the native existing anterior talofibular ligament or calcaneofibular ligament (or both) is imbricated or reattached. Alternatively, when native ankle ligaments are insufficient for repair, a reconstruction of the ligaments may be performed in which an autologous or allograft tendon is used to reconstruct the anterior talofibular ligament or calcaneofibular ligament (or both)...
October 2015: Arthroscopy Techniques
M Willegger, E Benca, L Hirtler, K Hradecky, J Holinka, R Windhager, R Schuh
PURPOSE: Current methods of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) reconstruction fail to restore the stability of the native ATFL. Therefore, augmented anatomic ATFL reconstruction gained popularity in patients with attenuated tissue and additional stress on the lateral ankle ligament complex. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the biomechanical stability of the InternalBrace (Arthrex Inc., Naples, FL, USA), a tape augmentation designed to augment the traditional Broström procedure...
April 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Byung Hoon Lee, Kyung-Hwa Choi, Dong Yeon Seo, Sang Min Choi, Gab Lae Kim
PURPOSE: To incorporate a diagnostic technique for measuring subtalar motion, namely "talar rotation", into the manual supination-anterior drawer stress radiographs for evaluation of the severity of rotational instability, and to determine its clinical relevance. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with combined injuries of the anterior talofibular (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) underwent three bilateral manual stress radiographs, and mean increments of anterior talar translation (mm), talar tilt (°), and talar rotation (%) in the injured ankle compared to the normal opposite side were measured with the technique...
April 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Frederick Michels, Stéphane Guillo, Frederik Vanrietvelde, Eddy Brugman, Filip Stockmans
PURPOSE: Reconstruction of the anterior talofibular ligament may be indicated in cases of residual instability after conservative treatment. Often, a bone tunnel is used for fixation in the talar bone. The purpose of this study is to evaluate possible routes for drilling the talar tunnel. METHODS: Virtual tunnels were generated in a 3D bone model, oriented towards the following external landmarks: the talar neck, the most anterior point of the medial malleolus (MM), the most distal point of the MM, the most medial point of the MM, and the most posterior point of the MM...
April 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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