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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652550/chia-seed-supplementation-reduces-senescence-markers-in-epididymal-adipose-tissue-of-high-fat-diet-fed-samp8-mice
#1
Yehua Rui, Shengyi Yang, Li-Hua Chen, Li-Qiang Qin, Zhongxiao Wan
Adipose tissue is a key organ with substantial senescent cell accumulation under both obesity and aging conditions. Chia seed is an ancient seed and is the richest plant source of α-linolenic acid. We aimed to determine how cellular senescence markers will be altered in adipose tissue of senescence-accelerated mouse-prone 8 (SAMP8) mice fed with high-fat diets (HFDs); and how chia seed can affect the above markers. SAMP8 mice and their control senescence-accelerated mouse-resistant 1 (SAMR1) were divided into four groups, that is, SAMR1 low-fat diet group (R1LF), SAMP8LF group (P8LF), SAMP8 high-fat group (P8HF), and SAMP8HF group supplemented with 10% chia seed (P8HC)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627614/determination-of-mercury-ii-ions-based-on-silver-nanoparticles-assisted-growth-of-gold-nanostructures-uv-vis-and-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-approaches
#2
Jun-Liang Chen, Pei-Chia Yang, Tsunghsueh Wu, Yang-Wei Lin
Innovative dual detection methods for mercury(II) ions (Hg(II) ) have been developed based on the formation of gold nanostructures (AuNSs) following the addition of mercury-containing solution to a mixture containing an optimized amount of Au(III) , H2 O2 , HCl, and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). In the absence of Hg(II) , the addition of Au(III) , H2 O2 , and HCl to the AgNP solution changes the solution's color from yellow to red, and the absorption peak shifts from 400 to 526nm, indicating the dissolution of AgNPs and the formation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)...
March 28, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599154/draft-genome-sequences-of-two-novel-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-strains-isolated-from-low-moisture-foods-with-applications-in-food-safety-research
#3
Devon R Radford, Carlos G Leon-Velarde, Shu Chen, Amir M Hamidi Oskouei, Sampathkumar Balamurugan
The genomes of two strains of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Cubana and serovar Muenchen, isolated from dry hazelnuts and chia seeds, respectively, were sequenced using the Illumina MiSeq platform, assembled de novo using the overlap-layout-consensus method, and aligned to their respective most identical sequence genome scaffolds using MUMMER and BLAST searches.
March 29, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588584/a-novel-electrospun-aligned-nanoyarn-three-dimensional-porous-nanofibrous-hybrid-scaffold-for-annulus-fibrosus-tissue-engineering
#4
Jun Ma, Yunfei He, Xilin Liu, Weiming Chen, An Wang, Chia-Ying Lin, Xiumei Mo, Xiaojian Ye
Introduction: Herniation of the nucleus pulposus (NP) because of defects in the annulus fibrosus (AF) is a well-known cause of low back pain. Defects in the AF thus remain a surgical challenge, and efforts have been made to develop new techniques for closure and repair. In this study, we developed an electrospun aligned nanoyarn scaffold (AYS) and nanoyarn/three-dimensional porous nanofibrous hybrid scaffold (HS) for AF tissue engineering. Methods: The AYS was fabricated via conjugated electrospinning, while the aligned nanofibrous scaffold (AFS) was prepared by traditional electrospinning as a baseline scaffold...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557436/effects-of-superfoods-on-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-human-intervention-trials
#5
REVIEW
José J van den Driessche, Jogchum Plat, Ronald P Mensink
Functional foods can be effective in the prevention of metabolic syndrome and subsequently the onset of cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus. More recently, however, another term was introduced to describe foods with additional health benefits: "superfoods", for which, to date, no generally accepted definition exists. Nonetheless, their consumption might contribute to the prevention of metabolic syndrome, for example due to the presence of potentially bioactive compounds. This review provides an overview of controlled human intervention studies with foods described as "superfoods" and their effects on metabolic syndrome parameters...
March 20, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548434/metabolomics-driven-analysis-by-uaegc-ms-and-antioxidant-activity-of-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-commercial-and-mutant-seeds
#6
Bruna de Falco, Alberto Fiore, Roberta Rossi, Mariana Amato, Virginia Lanzotti
Chia is a food plant producing seeds which have seen increasing interest owing to their health benefits. This work is the first report on the metabolite profile, total polyphenols and antioxidant activity of chia seeds, determined by ultrasound-assisted extraction, coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (UAE GC-MS). Different chia sources were compared: two commercial (black and white) and three early flowering (G3, G8 and G17) mutant genotypes. Organic extracts were mainly composed of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids with alpha-linolenic being the most abundant...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538349/the-effect-of-laminin-surface-modification-of-electrospun-silica-nanofiber-substrate-on-neuronal-tissue-engineering
#7
Wen Shuo Chen, Ling Yu Guo, Chia Chun Tang, Cheng Kang Tsai, Hui Hua Huang, Ting Yu Chin, Mong-Lin Yang, Yui Whei Chen-Yang
In this study, we first synthesized a slow-degrading silica nanofiber (SNF2) through an electrospun solution with an optimized tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) to polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) ratio. Then, laminin-modified SNF2, namely SNF2-AP-S-L, was obtained through a series of chemical reactions to attach the extracellular matrix protein, laminin, to its surface. The SNF2-AP-S-L substrate was characterized by a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform-infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, and contact angle measurements...
March 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534257/therapeutic-perspectives-on-chia-seed-and-its-oil-a-review
#8
John Parker, Amanda N Schellenberger, Amy L Roe, Hellen Oketch-Rabah, Angela I Calderón
The attraction of novel foods proceeds alongside epidemic cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and related risk factors. Dieticians have identified chia ( Salvia hispanica ) as a product with a catalog of potential health benefits relating to these detriments. Chia is currently consumed not only as seeds, but also as oil, which brings about similar effects. Chia seeds and chia seed oil are used mainly as a food commodity and the oil is also used popularly as a dietary ingredient used in various dietary supplements available in the U...
March 13, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513105/survival-of-salmonella-during-production-of-partially-sprouted-pumpkin-sunflower-and-chia-seeds-dried-for-direct-consumption
#9
Susanne E Keller, Nathan M Anderson, Can Wang, Stephen J Burbick, Ian M Hildebrandt, Lauren J Gonsalves, Quincy J Suehr, Sofia M Santillana Farakos
Ready-to-eat foods based on dried partially sprouted seeds have been associated with foodborne salmonellosis. Whereas research has focused on the potential for Salmonella initially present in or on seeds to grow and survive during fresh sprout production, little is known about the potential for growth and survival of Salmonella associated with seeds that have been partially sprouted and dried. The goal of this study was to determine the growth of Salmonella during soaking for partial germination of pumpkin, sunflower, and chia seeds and subsequent survival during drying and storage...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479705/optimization-of-mucilage-extraction-from-chia-seeds-salvia-hispanica-l-using-response-surface-methodology
#10
Stefania C Orifici, Marianela I Capitani, Mabel C Tomás, Susana M Nolasco
BACKGROUND: Chia mucilage has potential application as a functional ingredient, advances on maximizing its extraction yield could represent a significant technological and economic impact for the food industry. Thus, firstly, the effect of mechanical agitation time (1-3 h) on the exudation of chia mucilage was analyzed. Then, response surface methodology was used to determine the optimal combination of the independent variables temperature (15-85 °C) and seed:water ratio (1:12-1:40.8 wt/v) for the 2 h exudation, that give maximum chia mucilage yield...
February 25, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473969/isolation-and-characterization-of-n-2-fixing-bacteria-from-giant-reed-and-switchgrass-for-plant-growth-promotion-and-nutrient-uptake
#11
Jia Xu, Joseph W Kloepper, Ping Huang, John A McInroy, Chia H Hu
The aims of this study were to isolate and characterize N2 -fixing bacteria from giant reed and switchgrass and evaluate their plant growth promotion and nutrient uptake potential for use as biofertilizers. A total of 190 bacteria were obtained from rhizosphere soil and inside stems and roots of giant reed and switchgrass. All the isolates were confirmed to have nitrogenase activity, 96.9% produced auxin, and 85% produced siderophores. Then the top six strains, including Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-14, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-19, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-17, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-20, Psychrobacillus psychrodurans NP-3, and Enterobacter oryzae NXU-38, based on nitrogenase activity, were inoculated on maize and wheat seeds in greenhouse tests to assess their potential benefits to plants...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461209/dermatitis-caused-by-ingestion-of-chia-seeds
#12
M Tomas-Pérez, A Entrala, B Bartolomé, M L Caballero, S Quirce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452425/clinical-evidence-on-dietary-supplementation-with-chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Siew Li Teoh, Nai Ming Lai, Possatorn Vanichkulpitak, Vladimir Vuksan, Hoang Ho, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Context: Chia seed is a popular dietary supplement, taken mainly for its high content of alpha-linolenic acid, vegetable protein, and dietary fiber, yet information about its clinical effects is lacking. Objective: This review aims to summarize the clinical evidence regarding the use of chia seed for a wide variety of health conditions. Data Sources: A number of databases, including PubMed and Embase, were searched systematically. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials that assessed the clinical effects of chia seed consumption in human participants were included...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449855/microrna160-modulates-plant-development-and-heat-shock-protein-gene-expression-to-mediate-heat-tolerance-in-arabidopsis
#14
Jeng-Shane Lin, Chia-Chia Kuo, I-Chu Yang, Wei-An Tsai, Yu-Hsing Shen, Chih-Ching Lin, Yi-Chen Liang, Yu-Chi Li, Yun-Wei Kuo, Yu-Chi King, Hsi-Mei Lai, Shih-Tong Jeng
Global warming is causing a negative impact on plant growth and adversely impacts on crop yield. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical in regulating the expression of genes involved in plant development as well as defense responses. The effects of miRNAs on heat-stressed Arabidopsis warrants further investigation. Heat stress increased the expression of miR160 and its precursors but considerably reduced that of its targets, ARF10, ARF16 , and ARF17 . To study the roles of miR160 during heat stress, transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing miR160 precursor a (160OE) and artificial miR160 (MIM160), which mimics an inhibitor of miR160, were created...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422088/associations-of-bcl-2-rs956572-genotype-groups-in-the-structural-covariance-network-in-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Chiung-Chih Chang, Ya-Ting Chang, Chi-Wei Huang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Shih-Wei Hsu, Shu-Hua Huang, Chen-Chang Lee, Wen-Neng Chang, Chun-Chung Lui, Chia-Yi Lien
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disease, and genetic differences may mediate neuronal degeneration. In humans, a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) gene, rs956572, has been found to significantly modulate Bcl-2 protein expression in the brain. The Bcl-2 AA genotype has been associated with reduced Bcl-2 levels and lower gray matter volume in healthy populations. We hypothesized that different Bcl-2 genotype groups may modulate large-scale brain networks that determine neurobehavioral test scores...
February 8, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416180/molecular-dynamics-in-germinating-endophyte-colonized-quinoa-seeds
#16
Andrea Pitzschke
Aims: The pseudo-cereal quinoa has an outstanding nutritional value. Seed germination is unusually fast, and plant tolerance to salt stress exceptionally high. Seemingly all seeds harbor bacterial endophytes. This work examines mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activities during early development. It evaluates possible contribution of endophytes to rapid germination and plant robustness. Methods: MAPK activities were monitored in water- and NaCl-imbibed seeds over a 4-h-period using an immunoblot-based approach...
January 2018: Plant and Soil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391609/cold-extraction-method-of-chia-seed-mucilage-salvia-hispanica-l-effect-on-yield-and-rheological-behavior
#17
Lucas Silveira Tavares, Luciana Affonso Junqueira, Ívina Catarina de Oliveira Guimarães, Jaime Vilela de Resende
Chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) when immersed in water, produce a highly viscous solution due to the release of mucilage, high molecular weight complex carbohydrates with wide application in the food industry. Thus, this study involve development of method for extracting mucilage from chia seed based on mechanical process and low temperature. The method involve extraction by cold pressing and drying by freeze-drying, which was compared to the traditional hot extraction method. The chia seed mucilage cultivated in Brazil was extracted successfully using the previously mentioned extraction method...
February 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389547/nutritional-composition-in-the-chia-seed-and-its-processing-properties-on-restructured-ham-like-products
#18
Yi Ding, Hui-Wen Lin, Yi-Ling Lin, Deng-Jye Yang, Yu-Shan Yu, Jr-Wei Chen, Sheng-Yao Wang, Yi-Chen Chen
Low-fat meat products always have harder texture, lower juiciness, and worse flavor. Due to their higher water-holding, water absorption, and organic molecule absorption, chia seeds (CHIA) have been applied in powders, nutrition bars, breads, and cookies. Hence, the objectives of this study were to: (1) analyze the nutritional compositions in CHIA; and (2) look for the possible application of CHIA on restructured ham-like products. CHIA has high amounts of α-linolenic acid, crude polysaccharides, and also contains essential amino acids, minerals, and polyphenols...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388805/bioactive-peptides-from-selected-latin-american-food-crops-a-nutraceutical-and-molecular-approach
#19
Domancar Orona-Tamayo, María Elena Valverde, Octavio Paredes López
This review reported an updated survey on the molecular functional properties of bioactive peptides derived from different Latin American ancient grains such as Maize, common Bean, Amaranth, Quinoa and Chia seeds. Seed storage proteins encrypted in their sequences diverse peptides associated with a wide range of benefit effects on the human health and the most studied are antihypertensive, anti-cholesterolemic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antimicrobial and immunomodulatory properties, additionally, in the last decades molecular properties have been also used for their characterization to understand their activities and it makes it highly attractive to be incorporated into food formulations and to complement or replace some conventional cereal grains...
February 1, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351555/omega-3-fatty-acid-desaturase-gene-family-from-two-%C3%AF-3-sources-salvia-hispanica-and-perilla-frutescens-cloning-characterization-and-expression
#20
Yufei Xue, Baojun Chen, Aung Naing Win, Chun Fu, Jianping Lian, Xue Liu, Rui Wang, Xingcui Zhang, Yourong Chai
Omega-3 fatty acid desaturase (ω-3 FAD, D15D) is a key enzyme for α-linolenic acid (ALA) biosynthesis. Both chia (Salvia hispanica) and perilla (Perilla frutescens) contain high levels of ALA in seeds. In this study, the ω-3 FAD gene family was systematically and comparatively cloned from chia and perilla. Perilla FAD3, FAD7, FAD8 and chia FAD7 are encoded by single-copy (but heterozygous) genes, while chia FAD3 is encoded by 2 distinct genes. Only 1 chia FAD8 sequence was isolated. In these genes, there are 1 to 6 transcription start sites, 1 to 8 poly(A) tailing sites, and 7 introns...
2018: PloS One
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