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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764492/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-affects-cell-viability-and-induces-apoptosis-of-stem-cells-from-human-exfoliated-deciduous-teeth
#1
Chia-Ling Tsai, Mu-Chan Ke, Yi-Hao Chen, Hsi-Kung Kuo, Hun-Ju Yu, Chueh-Tan Chen, Ya-Chi Tseng, Pei-Chin Chuang, Pei-Chang Wu
BACKGROUND: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is widely used for pulp-capping procedures in permanent teeth and as a gold standard material in endodontics. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of MTA on cell viability and apoptosis when MTA is directly in contact with Stem Cells from Human Exfoliated Deciduous Teeth (SHEDs). METHODS: MTA was mixed and coated in the bottom of a 24-well plate. SHEDs collected and cultured from normal exfoliated human deciduous teeth (passages 3-4) were seeded on square cover glasses...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757268/well-aligned-vertically-oriented-zno-nanorod-arrays-and-their-application-in-inverted-small-molecule-solar-cells
#2
Ming-Yi Lin, Shang-Hsuan Wu, Li-Jen Hsiao, Widhya Budiawan, Shih-Lun Chen, Wei-Chen Tu, Chia-Yen Lee, Yia-Chung Chang, Chih-Wei Chu
This manuscript describes how to design and fabricate efficient inverted solar cells, which are based on a two-dimensional conjugated small molecule (SMPV1) and [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM), by utilizing ZnO nanorods (NRs) grown on a high quality Al-doped ZnO (AZO) seed layer. The inverted SMPV1:PC71BM solar cells with ZnO NRs that grew on both a sputtered and sol-gel processed AZO seed layer are fabricated. Compared with the AZO thin film prepared by the sol-gel method, the sputtered AZO thin film exhibits better crystallization and lower surface roughness, according to X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscope (AFM) measurements...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743527/unravelling-the-secret-of-seed-based-gels-in-water-the-nanoscale-3d-network-formation
#3
Malick Samateh, Neethu Pottackal, Setareh Manafirasi, Adiyala Vidyasagar, Charles Maldarelli, George John
Chia (Salvia hispanica) and basil (Ocimum basilicum) seeds have the intrinsic ability to form a hydrogel concomitant with moisture-retention, slow releasing capability and proposed health benefits such as curbing diabetes and obesity by delaying digestion process. However, the underlying mode of gelation at nanoscopic level is not clearly explained or explored. The present study elucidates and corroborates the hypothesis that the gelling behavior of such seeds is due to their nanoscale 3D-network formation...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735017/adding-a-purple-corn-extract-in-rats-supplemented-with-chia-oil-decreases-gene-expression-of-srebp-1c-and-retains-%C3%AE-5-and-%C3%AE-6-hepatic-desaturase-activity-unmodified-the-hepatic-lipid-profile
#4
Sixto Reyna Gallegos, Génesis Torres Arrunátegui, Rodrigo Valenzuela, Miguel Ángel Rincón-Cervera, María Elena Villanueva Espinoza
Flavonoids upregulate gene expression of PPAR-α and underregulate the gene expression of SREBP-1c, and their intake increases the plasmatic concentration of n-3 LC-PUFAs. However, the biological mechanisms underlying these effects have not been elucidated. In this work, the effect of oral supplementation of ALA from chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seed oil and anthocyanins from a purple corn extract (PCE) on gene expression of SREBP-1c, PPAR-α and Δ5 and Δ6 desaturases (Δ5D and Δ6D), the activity of these enzymes in the liver as well as the hepatic lipid profile were evaluated in thirty-six female Sprague Dawley rats whose diet was supplemented with olive oil (OL), chia oil (CH), olive oil and PCE (OL + PCE) or chia oil and PCE (CH + PCE)...
May 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713858/chia-oil-extraction-coproduct-as-a-potential-new-ingredient-for-the-food-industry-chemical-physicochemical-techno-functional-and-antioxidant-properties
#5
Juana Fernández-López, Raquel Lucas-González, Manuel Viuda-Martos, Estrella Sayas-Barberá, José Angel Pérez-Alvarez
The aim of this work was to characterize the coproduct obtained from chia oil production (cold-pressing) with a view to its possible application in new food product development. For this characterization, the following determinations were made: proximate composition, physicochemical analysis, techno-functional properties, total phenolic and flavonoid content, polyphenolic profile and antioxidant capacity (using four different methods). Chia coproduct showed significantly higher levels of proteins and total dietary fiber and lower levels of fats than chia seeds, pointing to the promising nature of this coproduct as an ingredient of food formulations since it remains a source of high biological value proteins and total dietary fiber (as chia seeds themselves) but with a lower energy value...
June 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652550/chia-seed-supplementation-reduces-senescence-markers-in-epididymal-adipose-tissue-of-high-fat-diet-fed-samp8-mice
#6
Yehua Rui, Shengyi Yang, Li-Hua Chen, Li-Qiang Qin, Zhongxiao Wan
Adipose tissue is a key organ with substantial senescent cell accumulation under both obesity and aging conditions. Chia seed is an ancient seed and is the richest plant source of α-linolenic acid. We aimed to determine how cellular senescence markers will be altered in adipose tissue of senescence-accelerated mouse-prone 8 (SAMP8) mice fed with high-fat diets (HFDs); and how chia seed can affect the above markers. SAMP8 mice and their control senescence-accelerated mouse-resistant 1 (SAMR1) were divided into four groups, that is, SAMR1 low-fat diet group (R1LF), SAMP8LF group (P8LF), SAMP8 high-fat group (P8HF), and SAMP8HF group supplemented with 10% chia seed (P8HC)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627614/determination-of-mercury-ii-ions-based-on-silver-nanoparticles-assisted-growth-of-gold-nanostructures-uv-vis-and-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-approaches
#7
Jun-Liang Chen, Pei-Chia Yang, Tsunghsueh Wu, Yang-Wei Lin
Innovative dual detection methods for mercury(II) ions (Hg(II) ) have been developed based on the formation of gold nanostructures (AuNSs) following the addition of mercury-containing solution to a mixture containing an optimized amount of Au(III) , H2 O2 , HCl, and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). In the absence of Hg(II) , the addition of Au(III) , H2 O2 , and HCl to the AgNP solution changes the solution's color from yellow to red, and the absorption peak shifts from 400 to 526nm, indicating the dissolution of AgNPs and the formation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)...
June 15, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599154/draft-genome-sequences-of-two-novel-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-strains-isolated-from-low-moisture-foods-with-applications-in-food-safety-research
#8
Devon R Radford, Carlos G Leon-Velarde, Shu Chen, Amir M Hamidi Oskouei, Sampathkumar Balamurugan
The genomes of two strains of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Cubana and serovar Muenchen, isolated from dry hazelnuts and chia seeds, respectively, were sequenced using the Illumina MiSeq platform, assembled de novo using the overlap-layout-consensus method, and aligned to their respective most identical sequence genome scaffolds using MUMMER and BLAST searches.
March 29, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588584/a-novel-electrospun-aligned-nanoyarn-three-dimensional-porous-nanofibrous-hybrid-scaffold-for-annulus-fibrosus-tissue-engineering
#9
Jun Ma, Yunfei He, Xilin Liu, Weiming Chen, An Wang, Chia-Ying Lin, Xiumei Mo, Xiaojian Ye
Introduction: Herniation of the nucleus pulposus (NP) because of defects in the annulus fibrosus (AF) is a well-known cause of low back pain. Defects in the AF thus remain a surgical challenge, and efforts have been made to develop new techniques for closure and repair. In this study, we developed an electrospun aligned nanoyarn scaffold (AYS) and nanoyarn/three-dimensional porous nanofibrous hybrid scaffold (HS) for AF tissue engineering. Methods: The AYS was fabricated via conjugated electrospinning, while the aligned nanofibrous scaffold (AFS) was prepared by traditional electrospinning as a baseline scaffold...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557436/effects-of-superfoods-on-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-human-intervention-trials
#10
REVIEW
José J van den Driessche, Jogchum Plat, Ronald P Mensink
Functional foods can be effective in the prevention of metabolic syndrome and subsequently the onset of cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus. More recently, however, another term was introduced to describe foods with additional health benefits: "superfoods", for which, to date, no generally accepted definition exists. Nonetheless, their consumption might contribute to the prevention of metabolic syndrome, for example due to the presence of potentially bioactive compounds. This review provides an overview of controlled human intervention studies with foods described as "superfoods" and their effects on metabolic syndrome parameters...
April 25, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548434/metabolomics-driven-analysis-by-uaegc-ms-and-antioxidant-activity-of-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-commercial-and-mutant-seeds
#11
Bruna de Falco, Alberto Fiore, Roberta Rossi, Mariana Amato, Virginia Lanzotti
Chia is a food plant producing seeds which have seen increasing interest owing to their health benefits. This work is the first report on the metabolite profile, total polyphenols and antioxidant activity of chia seeds, determined by ultrasound-assisted extraction, coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (UAE GC-MS). Different chia sources were compared: two commercial (black and white) and three early flowering (G3, G8 and G17) mutant genotypes. Organic extracts were mainly composed of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids with alpha-linolenic being the most abundant...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538349/the-effect-of-laminin-surface-modification-of-electrospun-silica-nanofiber-substrate-on-neuronal-tissue-engineering
#12
Wen Shuo Chen, Ling Yu Guo, Chia Chun Tang, Cheng Kang Tsai, Hui Hua Huang, Ting Yu Chin, Mong-Lin Yang, Yui Whei Chen-Yang
In this study, we first synthesized a slow-degrading silica nanofiber (SNF2) through an electrospun solution with an optimized tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) to polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) ratio. Then, laminin-modified SNF2, namely SNF2-AP-S-L, was obtained through a series of chemical reactions to attach the extracellular matrix protein, laminin, to its surface. The SNF2-AP-S-L substrate was characterized by a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform-infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, and contact angle measurements...
March 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534257/therapeutic-perspectives-on-chia-seed-and-its-oil-a-review
#13
John Parker, Amanda N Schellenberger, Amy L Roe, Hellen Oketch-Rabah, Angela I Calderón
The attraction of novel foods proceeds alongside epidemic cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and related risk factors. Dieticians have identified chia ( Salvia hispanica ) as a product with a catalog of potential health benefits relating to these detriments. Chia is currently consumed not only as seeds, but also as oil, which brings about similar effects. Chia seeds and chia seed oil are used mainly as a food commodity and the oil is also used popularly as a dietary ingredient used in various dietary supplements available in the U...
March 13, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513105/survival-of-salmonella-during-production-of-partially-sprouted-pumpkin-sunflower-and-chia-seeds-dried-for-direct-consumption
#14
Susanne E Keller, Nathan M Anderson, Can Wang, Stephen J Burbick, Ian M Hildebrandt, Lauren J Gonsalves, Quincy J Suehr, Sofia M Santillana Farakos
Ready-to-eat foods based on dried partially sprouted seeds have been associated with foodborne salmonellosis. Whereas research has focused on the potential for Salmonella initially present in or on seeds to grow and survive during fresh sprout production, little is known about the potential for growth and survival of Salmonella associated with seeds that have been partially sprouted and dried. The goal of this study was to determine the growth of Salmonella during soaking for partial germination of pumpkin, sunflower, and chia seeds and subsequent survival during drying and storage...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479705/optimization-of-mucilage-extraction-from-chia-seeds-salvia-hispanica-l-using-response-surface-methodology
#15
Stefania C Orifici, Marianela I Capitani, Mabel C Tomás, Susana M Nolasco
BACKGROUND: Chia mucilage has potential application as a functional ingredient; advances on maximizing its extraction yield could represent a significant technological and economic impact for the food industry. Thus, first, the effect of mechanical agitation time (1-3 h) on the exudation of chia mucilage was analyzed. Then, response surface methodology was used to determine the optimal combination of the independent variables temperature (15-85 °C) and seed: water ratio (1: 12-1: 40...
February 25, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473969/isolation-and-characterization-of-n-2-fixing-bacteria-from-giant-reed-and-switchgrass-for-plant-growth-promotion-and-nutrient-uptake
#16
Jia Xu, Joseph W Kloepper, Ping Huang, John A McInroy, Chia H Hu
The aims of this study were to isolate and characterize N2 -fixing bacteria from giant reed and switchgrass and evaluate their plant growth promotion and nutrient uptake potential for use as biofertilizers. A total of 190 bacteria were obtained from rhizosphere soil and inside stems and roots of giant reed and switchgrass. All the isolates were confirmed to have nitrogenase activity, 96.9% produced auxin, and 85% produced siderophores. Then the top six strains, including Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-14, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-19, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-17, Sphingomonas trueperi NNA-20, Psychrobacillus psychrodurans NP-3, and Enterobacter oryzae NXU-38, based on nitrogenase activity, were inoculated on maize and wheat seeds in greenhouse tests to assess their potential benefits to plants...
May 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461209/dermatitis-caused-by-ingestion-of-chia-seeds
#17
M Tomas-Pérez, A Entrala, B Bartolomé, M L Caballero, S Quirce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452425/clinical-evidence-on-dietary-supplementation-with-chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Siew Li Teoh, Nai Ming Lai, Possatorn Vanichkulpitak, Vladimir Vuksan, Hoang Ho, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Context: Chia seed is a popular dietary supplement, taken mainly for its high content of alpha-linolenic acid, vegetable protein, and dietary fiber, yet information about its clinical effects is lacking. Objective: This review aims to summarize the clinical evidence regarding the use of chia seed for a wide variety of health conditions. Data Sources: A number of databases, including PubMed and Embase, were searched systematically. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials that assessed the clinical effects of chia seed consumption in human participants were included...
April 1, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449855/microrna160-modulates-plant-development-and-heat-shock-protein-gene-expression-to-mediate-heat-tolerance-in-arabidopsis
#19
Jeng-Shane Lin, Chia-Chia Kuo, I-Chu Yang, Wei-An Tsai, Yu-Hsing Shen, Chih-Ching Lin, Yi-Chen Liang, Yu-Chi Li, Yun-Wei Kuo, Yu-Chi King, Hsi-Mei Lai, Shih-Tong Jeng
Global warming is causing a negative impact on plant growth and adversely impacts on crop yield. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical in regulating the expression of genes involved in plant development as well as defense responses. The effects of miRNAs on heat-stressed Arabidopsis warrants further investigation. Heat stress increased the expression of miR160 and its precursors but considerably reduced that of its targets, ARF10, ARF16 , and ARF17 . To study the roles of miR160 during heat stress, transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing miR160 precursor a (160OE) and artificial miR160 (MIM160), which mimics an inhibitor of miR160, were created...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422088/associations-of-bcl-2-rs956572-genotype-groups-in-the-structural-covariance-network-in-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Chiung-Chih Chang, Ya-Ting Chang, Chi-Wei Huang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Shih-Wei Hsu, Shu-Hua Huang, Chen-Chang Lee, Wen-Neng Chang, Chun-Chung Lui, Chia-Yi Lien
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disease, and genetic differences may mediate neuronal degeneration. In humans, a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) gene, rs956572, has been found to significantly modulate Bcl-2 protein expression in the brain. The Bcl-2 AA genotype has been associated with reduced Bcl-2 levels and lower gray matter volume in healthy populations. We hypothesized that different Bcl-2 genotype groups may modulate large-scale brain networks that determine neurobehavioral test scores...
February 8, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
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