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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433195/predicting-successful-dental-examinations-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-context-of-a-dental-desensitization-program
#1
Travis Nelson, Amelia Chim, Barbara L Sheller, Christy M McKinney, JoAnna M Scott
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated the effectiveness of a dental desensitization program for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and determined characteristics associated with a successful dental examination. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective review of clinical behavioral data and previsit questionnaires for 168 children with ASD who attended a university-based dental desensitization program. Data elements included demographic, treatment, and behavioral characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433007/alternative-definition-of-excitation-amplitudes-in-multi-reference-state-specific-coupled-cluster
#2
Yann Garniron, Emmanuel Giner, Jean-Paul Malrieu, Anthony Scemama
A central difficulty of state-specific Multi-Reference Coupled Cluster (MR-CC) in the multi-exponential Jeziorski-Monkhorst formalism concerns the definition of the amplitudes of the single and double excitation operators appearing in the exponential wave operators. If the reference space is a complete active space (CAS), the number of these amplitudes is larger than the number of singly and doubly excited determinants on which one may project the eigenequation, and one must impose additional conditions. The present work first defines a state-specific reference-independent operator T∼^(m) which acting on the CAS component of the wave function |Ψ0(m)⟩ maximizes the overlap between (1+T∼^(m))|Ψ0(m)⟩ and the eigenvector of the CAS-SD (Singles and Doubles) Configuration Interaction (CI) matrix |ΨCAS-SD(m)⟩...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431853/transmission-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-health-care-worker-gowns-and-gloves-during-care-of-residents-in-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes
#3
Lisa Pineles, Daniel J Morgan, Alison Lydecker, J Kristie Johnson, John D Sorkin, Patricia Langenberg, Natalia Blanco, Alan Lesse, John Sellick, Kalpana Gupta, Luci Leykum, Jose Cadena, Nickie Lepcha, Mary-Claire Roghmann
BACKGROUND: This was an observational study designed to estimate the frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission to gowns and gloves worn by health care workers (HCWs) interacting with Veterans Affairs Community Living Center (VA nursing home) residents to inform MRSA prevention policies. METHODS: Participants included residents and HCWs from 7 VA nursing homes in 4 states and Washington, DC. Residents were cultured for MRSA at the anterior nares, perianal skin, and wound (if present)...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430309/variation-in-use-of-technology-among-vascular-access-specialists-an-analysis-of-the-picc1-survey
#4
Vineet Chopra, Latoya Kuhn, David Ratz, Suzanne Winter, Peter J Carr, David Paje, Sarah L Krein
BACKGROUND: While the use of technologies such as ultrasound and electrocardiographic (ECG) guidance systems to place peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) has grown, little is known about the clinicians who use these tools or their work settings. METHODS: Using data from a national survey of vascular access specialists, we identified technology users as PICC inserters that: (a) use ultrasound to find a suitable vein for catheter placement; (b) measure catheter-to-vein ratio; and (c) use ECG for PICC placement...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429928/a-dual-enzyme-hydrogen-peroxide-generation-machinery-in-hydrogels-supports-antimicrobial-wound-treatment
#5
Daniela Huber, Gregor Tegl, Anna Mensah, Bianca Beer, Martina Baumann, Nicole Borth, Christoph Sygmund, Roland Ludwig, Georg M Guebitz
The aging population and accompanying diseases like diabetes resulted in an increased occurrence of chronic wounds. Topical wound treatment with antimicrobial agents to inhibit bacterial invasion and promote wound healing is often associated with difficulties. Here, we investigated the potential of succinyl chitosan (SC) - carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrogels which constantly release clinically relevant levels of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). CMC hydrogel matrix was in-situ converted by limited hydrolysis by a cellulase into substrates accepted by cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) for continuous production of H2O2 (30 µM over 24 h)...
April 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428640/transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-plays-an-important-role-in-enhancing-wound-healing-by-topical-application-of-povidone-iodine
#6
Li Wang, Wenhan Qin, Yaying Zhou, Bin Chen, Xiaoqing Zhao, Hailin Zhao, Emma Mi, Ella Mi, Qingmei Wang, Jiaolin Ning
Povidone-iodine (PVI) is principally used as an antimicrobial agent. It has been found that 0.5% PVI can attenuate congestion, edema and pain induced by pressure sores. Thus this study aimed to assess the effects of 0.5% PVI on acute skin wounds. Four full-thickness excisional wounds were generated on the dorsal skin of male Sprague-Dawley rats with a 10-mm sterile punch. Two wounds were left untreated and the other two were dressed with gauze with 0.5% PVI for 1 hour per day for the first 5 days after injury...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427404/retraction-note-evaluation-of-low-cost-custom-made-vac-therapy-compared-with-conventional-wound-dressings-in-the-treatment-of-non-healing-lower-limb-ulcers-in-lower-socio-economic-group-patients-of-kashmir-valley
#7
Zameer Ali, Afshan Anjum, Lubna Khurshid, Hamayun Ahad, Saheel Maajid, Shabir Ahmad Dhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426572/nonhealing-ulcers-in-patients-with-tophaceous-gout-a-systematic-review
#8
Gretl Lam, Frank L Ross, Ernest S Chiu
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information from a review of the literature about chronic ulcers associated with tophaceous gout. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Identify the pathophysiology of tophaceous gout, its presentation, phases, and common comorbidities...
May 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426003/a-temperate-rocky-super-earth-transiting-a-nearby-cool-star
#9
Jason A Dittmann, Jonathan M Irwin, David Charbonneau, Xavier Bonfils, Nicola Astudillo-Defru, Raphaëlle D Haywood, Zachory K Berta-Thompson, Elisabeth R Newton, Joseph E Rodriguez, Jennifer G Winters, Thiam-Guan Tan, Jose-Manuel Almenara, François Bouchy, Xavier Delfosse, Thierry Forveille, Christophe Lovis, Felipe Murgas, Francesco Pepe, Nuno C Santos, Stephane Udry, Anaël Wünsche, Gilbert A Esquerdo, David W Latham, Courtney D Dressing
M dwarf stars, which have masses less than 60 per cent that of the Sun, make up 75 per cent of the population of the stars in the Galaxy. The atmospheres of orbiting Earth-sized planets are observationally accessible via transmission spectroscopy when the planets pass in front of these stars. Statistical results suggest that the nearest transiting Earth-sized planet in the liquid-water, habitable zone of an M dwarf star is probably around 10.5 parsecs away. A temperate planet has been discovered orbiting Proxima Centauri, the closest M dwarf, but it probably does not transit and its true mass is unknown...
April 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425573/evaluation-of-australian-dermatological-postoperative-patient-information-leaflets-should-we-have-a-national-checklist
#10
William Tn Hunt, Niamh-Anna O'Sullivan, Alan Donnelly
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Patient information leaflets (PILs) are frequently provided to patients following dermatological surgery to provide advice and reassurance in the community. This evaluation reviewed the guidance specified in postoperative PILs across the 40 Australian dermatology teaching departments and clinics. METHODS: All 40 departments and clinics were identified and asked to provide their postoperative information leaflets on sutured wound care (preferable) or excision biopsy (September-October 2015)...
April 20, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424334/glycosaminoglycan-based-hydrogels-capture-inflammatory-chemokines-and-rescue-defective-wound-healing-in-mice
#11
Nadine Lohmann, Lucas Schirmer, Passant Atallah, Elke Wandel, Ruben A Ferrer, Carsten Werner, Jan C Simon, Sandra Franz, Uwe Freudenberg
Excessive production of inflammatory chemokines can cause chronic inflammation and thus impair cutaneous wound healing. Capturing chemokine signals using wound dressing materials may offer powerful new treatment modalities for chronic wounds. Here, a modular hydrogel based on end-functionalized star-shaped polyethylene glycol (starPEG) and derivatives of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) heparin was customized for maximal chemokine sequestration. The material is shown to effectively scavenge the inflammatory chemokines MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1), IL-8 (interleukin-8), and MIP-1α (macrophage inflammatory protein-1α) and MIP-1β (macrophage inflammatory protein-1β) in wound fluids from patients suffering from chronic venous leg ulcers and to reduce the migratory activity of human monocytes and polymorphonuclear neutrophils...
April 19, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423217/in-vitro-discrimination-of-wound-associated-bacteria-by-volatile-compound-profiling-using-selected-ion-flow-tube-mass-spectrometry
#12
Elisabeth Alice Slade, Robin Michael Statham Thorn, Andrew M Lovering, Amber Young, Darren Michael Reynolds
AIMS: To determine if bacterial species responsible for clinically relevant wound infection produce specific volatile profiles that would allow their speciation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Selected-Ion Flow Tube-Mass Spectrometry in full mass scan mode was used to analyse headspace gases produced by wound-associated bacteria grown in vitro, so as to enable identification of bacterial volatile product ion profiles in the resulting mass spectra. Applying multivariate statistical analysis (hierarchical clustering and principal component analysis) to the resultant mass spectra enabled clear speciation...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421746/multifunctional-enzymatically-generated-hydrogels-for-chronic-wound-application
#13
Ivaylo Stefanov, Sílvia Pérez-Rafael, Javier Hoyo, Jonathan Cailloux, Orlando O Santana Perez, Dolores Hinojosa-Caballero, Tzanko Tzanov
The healing of chronic wounds requires intensive medical intervention at huge healthcare costs. Dressing materials should consider the multifactorial nature of these wounds comprising deleterious proteolytic and oxidative enzymes, and high bacterial load. In this work, multifunctional hydrogels for chronic wound application were produced by enzymatic crosslinking of thiolated chitosan and gallic acid. The hydrogels combine several beneficial to wound healing properties, controlling the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities, oxidative stress and bacterial contamination...
April 19, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421715/effect-of-water-bath-temperature-on-physiological-parameters-and-subjective-sensation-in-older-people
#14
Junji Ono, Nobuko Hashiguchi, Hiroyuki Sawatari, Tomoko Ohkusa, Mami Miyazono, Su-Young Son, Chie Magota, Yutaka Tochihara, Akiko Chishaki
AIM: In Japan, the incidence of water bathing-related cardiopulmonary accidents among older people is high in winter. The purpose of the present study was to investigate alterations in physiological characteristics and subjective thermal sensations of older people when bathing in a cool environment. METHODS: We assessed the skin temperature, rectal temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate, body fluid loss (sweat and urine), and subjective thermal responses of 11 older healthy male and 10 young male volunteers throughout 42°C and 39°C bathing in a room at 20°C with 50% humidity...
April 19, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421003/acellular-gelatinous-material-of-human-umbilical-cord-enhances-wound-healing-a-candidate-remedy-for-deficient-wound-healing
#15
Nazihah Bakhtyar, Marc G Jeschke, Laurence Mainville, Elaine Herer, Saeid Amini-Nik
Impaired wound healing is a severe clinical challenge and research into finding effective wound healing strategies is underway as there is no ideal treatment. Gelatinous material from the umbilical cord called Wharton's jelly is a valuable source of mesenchymal stem cells which have been shown to aid wound healing. While the cellular component of Wharton's jelly has been the subject of extensive research during the last few years, little is known about the de-cellularized jelly material of the umbilical cord...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420291/a-study-of-long-term-stability-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-chlorhexidine-polyhexamethylene-biguanide-and-silver-nanoparticle-incorporated-in-sericin-based-wound-dressing
#16
Sumate Ampawong, Pornanong Aramwit
In this study, three kinds of antiseptics which were 0.05% chlorhexidine, 0.2% polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB), or 200 ppm silver nanoparticle was introduced to incorporate in the sericin-based scaffold to produce the antimicrobial dressing for the treatment of infected chronic wound. The effects of antiseptic incorporation on the stability, release of sericin, and short-term and long-term (6 months) antimicrobial activity of the sericin dressing against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria were investigated...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419034/complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-pantalar-dislocation
#17
Kaeleen A Boden, Douglas S Weinberg, Heather A Vallier
BACKGROUND: Pantalar dislocations without associated talar fracture are rare and have high risks of complications, including infection, osteonecrosis, and posttraumatic osteoarthrosis. Limited information on later function exists. This study evaluated complications and outcomes following pantalar dislocation without talar fracture. METHODS: Nineteen patients were identified with open (n = 14) or closed (n = 5) pantalar dislocations without talar fracture. Ten male and 9 female patients with a mean age of 39...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418650/zinc-ion-coordinated-poly-ionic-liquid-antimicrobial-membranes-for-wound-healing
#18
Qiming Xu, Zhiqiang Zheng, Bin Wang, Hailei Mao, Feng Yan
Herein, a series of quaternary ammonium (Qa) or imidazolium (Im) cation-based poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) membranes and their corresponding zinc ion coordinated PIL membranes were synthesized. The effects of chemical structure, including organic cations, alkyl side chain of substitution, and zinc atoms on the antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans were investigated. The Zn-containing PIL membranes show higher antibacterial activities compared to those of pristine PIL membranes due to the synergistic attributes of both organic cations (Qa or Im) and zinc atoms...
April 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417912/electrospun-fiber-pads-of-cellulose-acetate-and-essential-oils-with-antimicrobial-activity
#19
Ioannis L Liakos, Alina Maria Holban, Riccardo Carzino, Simone Lauciello, Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
The method of electrospinning was used to create nanofibers made of cellulose acetate (CA) and essential oils (EOs). CA polymer at 15% w/v was dissolved in acetone and then 1% or 5% v/v of EOs was added to the polymer solution. The utilized essential oils were rosemary and oregano oils. Then, the CA/EOs in acetone solution were electrospun, creating micro/nanofibers, approximately 700-1500 nm in diameter. Raman spectroscopy was used to detect the attachment of the EOs in the CA electrospun fibers (ESFs). Scanning electron microscopy was used to study the morphology, topography and dimensions of the ESFs...
April 12, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417508/effectiveness-of-semi-permeable-dressings-to-treat-radiation-induced-skin-reactions-a-systematic-review
#20
M Fernández-Castro, B Martín-Gil, I Peña-García, M López-Vallecillo, M E García-Puig
The aim of this systematic review is to assess the available evidence concerning the effectiveness of semi-permeable dressings, on the full range of skin reactions, related to radiation therapy in cancer patients, from local erythema to moist desquamation, including subjective symptoms such as pain, discomfort, itchiness, burning and the effect on daily life activities. The bibliographic search was carried out looking for Randomised Clinical Trials (RCTs) indexed in PubMed, Cinhal, Cochrane plus and Biblioteca Nacional de Salud, published in the English and Spanish language, between 2010 and 2015...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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