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Liposomes characterization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340978/methotrexate-aspasomes-against-rheumatoid-arthritis-optimized-hydrogel-loaded-liposomal-formulation-with-in-vivo-evaluation-in-wistar-rats
#1
Saikat Ghosh, Biswajit Mukherjee, Shreyasi Chaudhuri, Tanushree Roy, Alankar Mukherjee, Soma Sengupta
Aspasomes of methotrexate with antioxidant, ascorbyl palmitate, were developed and optimized using factorial design by varying parameters such as lipid molar ratio, drug to lipid molar ratio, and type of hydration buffer for transdermal delivery for disease modifying activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Aspasomes were characterized by drug-excipients interaction, particle size analysis, determination of zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, and surface properties. The best formulation was loaded into hydrogel for evaluation of in vitro drug release and tested in vivo against adjuvant induced arthritis model in wistar rats, by assessing various physiological, biochemical, hematological, and histopathological parameters...
January 16, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339247/self-emulsifying-peptide-drug-delivery-systems-how-to-make-them-highly-mucus-permeating
#2
Janine Griesser, Gergely Hetényi, Hatice Kadas, Frédéric Demarne, Vincent Jannin, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
AIM: It was the aim of this study to evaluate the mucus permeating properties of self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) exhibiting different size and zeta potential. METHODS: Various SEDDS were prepared and characterized regarding droplet size, zeta potential and stability. Desmopressin was incorporated as model peptide drug and log P (SEDDS/water) was determined. Thereafter, mucus permeation studies with freshly isolated porcine mucus via Transwell method were performed...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337230/cholesterol-modulates-the-liposome-membrane-fluidity-and-permeability-for-a-hydrophilic-molecule
#3
Samar Kaddah, Nathalie Khreich, Fouad Kaddah, Catherine Charcosset, Hélène Greige-Gerges
The effect of cholesterol (CHOL) content on the permeability and fluidity of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) liposome membrane was investigated. Liposomes encapsulating sulforhodamine B (SRB), a fluorescent dye, were prepared by reverse phase evaporation technique (REV) at various DPPC:CHOL molar ratios (from 100:0 to 100:100). The release kinetics of SRB was studied during 48 h in buffer (pH 7.4) containing NaCl at 37 °C. The DPPC:CHOL formulations were also characterized for their size, polydispersity index and morphology...
January 11, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337216/in-vitro-lung-epithelial-cell-transport-and-anti-interleukin-8-releasing-activity-of-liposomal-ciprofloxacin
#4
Ruba S Darweesh, Masahiro Sakagami
As a promising long-acting inhaled formulation, liposomal ciprofloxacin (Lipo-CPFX) was characterized in the in vitro human lung epithelial Calu-3 cell monolayer system, compared to ciprofloxacin in solution (CPFX). Its modulated absorptive transport and uptake, and sustained inhibitory activity against induced pro-inflammatory interleukin-8 (IL-8) release were examined. The absorptive transport and uptake kinetics for Lipo-CPFX and CPFX were determined at 0.1-50 mg/ml in the Transwell system. The Lipo-CPFX transport was then challenged for mechanistic exploration via cell energy depletion, a reduced temperature, endocytosis and/or lipid fusion inhibition, and addition of excess non-loaded liposomes...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337185/proliposome-tablets-manufactured-using-a-slurry-driven-lipid-enriched-powders-development-characterization-and-stability-evaluation
#5
Iftikhar Khan, Sakib Yousaf, Sneha Subramanian, Mohamed Albed Alhnan, Waqar Ahmed, Abdelbary Elhissi
Proliposome powders were prepared via a slurry method using sorbitol or D-mannitol as carbohydrate carriers in 1:10 or 1:15 w/w lipid phase to carrier ratios. Soya phosphatidylcholine (SPC) and cholesterol were employed as a lipid phase and Beclometasone dipropionate (BDP) was incorporated as a model drug. Direct compaction using a Minipress was applied on the lipid-enriched powder in order to manufacture proliposome tablets. Sorbitol-based proliposome tablets in a 1:15 w/w ratio were found to be the best formulation as it exhibited excellent powder flowability with an angle of repose of 25...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336262/ethosomes-as-novel-vesicular-carrier-an-overview-of-the-principle-preparation-and-its-applications
#6
Sanjoy Kumar Das, Soumalya Chakraborty, Chhandita Roy, Rajan Rajabalaya, Amal Widaad Mohaimin, Jasmina Khanam, Arunabha Nanda, Sheba R David
BACKGROUND: In the study of lipid vesicular carriers in permeation enhancement of drug molecules across skin after the success story of liposomes, ethosomes are a recent addition. There are a number of published reviews but still, there is a lack of reviews representing various aspects in a systematic way with a detailed description of current research works. This review serves to fill this deficiency along with a special emphasize on its preparation methods and application. METHODS: Information was collected from previously published literatures which were represented after analysis in terms of various aspects such as principles, composition, preparation, mechanism of penetration, modified forms, characterization, marketed preparation and its application...
January 15, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334266/hyaluronic-acid-modified-daunorubicin-plus-honokiol-cationic-liposomes-for-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer-along-with-the-elimination-vasculogenic-mimicry-channels
#7
Rui-Jun Ju, Lan Cheng, Xiao Qiu, Shuang Liu, Xiao-Li Song, Xiao-Ming Peng, Teng Wang, Cui-Qing Li, Xue-Tao Li
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is an alarming global public health problem and a main cause of cancer-related death in women. Systemic chemotherapy is the most widely used treatment for breast cancer. However, current chemotherapy treatments are far from desirable due to poor targeting specificity, severe side effects, and vasculogenic mimicry (VM). PURPOSE: Hyaluronic acid (HA) modified daunorubicin plus honokiol cationic liposomes were prepared and characterized for treatment of breast cancer by eliminating VM...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330050/production-and-characterization-of-a-novel-site-specific-modifiable-anti-ox40-receptor-single-chain-variable-fragment-for-targeted-drug-delivery
#8
Aki Tanabe, Kazumi Nakano, Makoto Nakakido, Satoru Nagatoishi, Yuetsu Tanaka, Kouhei Tsumoto, Kaoru Uchimaru, Toshiki Watanabe
OX40 receptor (tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 4; CD134) is a T-cell co-stimulatory molecule that plays an important role in T-cell activation and survival. OX40 receptor is activated by its ligand, OX40L; and modulation of the OX40-OX40L interaction is a promising target for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and cancers. Here, we generated a high-affinity anti-OX40 single-chain variable fragment carrying a C-terminal cysteine residue (scFvC). Physicochemical and functional analyses revealed that the scFvC bound to OX40-expressing cells and was internalized via OX40-mediated endocytosis without inducing phosphorylation of IκBα (nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha), an important complex in the classical NFκB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) signaling pathway...
January 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329619/hepatic-fibropoiesis-in-dogs-naturally-infected-with-leishmania-leishmania-infantum-treated-with-liposome-encapsulated-meglumine-antimoniate-and-allopurinol
#9
R S Castro, I F G de Amorim, R A Pereira, S M Silva, L J Pinheiro, A J W Pinto, E G Azevedo, C Demicheli, M M V Caliari, D M Mosser, M S M Michalick, Frédéric J G Frezard, Wagner L Tafuri
Hepatic fibropoiesis in canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) were evaluated by histological (morphometrical collagen deposition) and immunohistochemical assays characterizing alpha-actin (α-SMA), vimentin, calprotectin (L1 antigen), and TGF-β in 46 naturally infected dogs with Leishmania infantum treated with liposome-encapsulated meglumine antimoniate and allopurinol separately and in combination. Six treatment groups were defined: meglumine antimoniate encapsulated in nanometric liposomes (LMA), allopurinol (ALLOP); liposome-encapsulated meglumine antomoniate combined with allopurinol (LMA+ALLOP); empty liposomes (LEMP); empty liposomes combined with allopurinol (LEMP+ALLOP) and saline...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321261/a-model-free-method-for-measuring-dimerization-free-energies-of-clc-ec1-in-lipid-bilayers
#10
Rahul Chadda, Lucy Cliff, Marley Brimberry, Janice L Robertson
The thermodynamic reasons why membrane proteins form stable complexes inside the hydrophobic lipid bilayer remain poorly understood. This is largely because of a lack of membrane-protein systems amenable for equilibrium studies and a limited number of methods for measuring these reactions. Recently, we reported the equilibrium dimerization of the CLC-ec1 Cl-/H+ transporter in lipid bilayers (Chadda et al. 2016. eLife https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.17438), which provided a new type of model system for studying protein association in membranes...
January 10, 2018: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318970/physicochemical-characterization-and-skin-permeation-of-cationic-transfersomes-containing-the-synthetic-peptide-pnpp-19
#11
Flavia De Marco Almeida, Carolina Nunes Silva, Savia Caldeira de Araujo Lopes, Daniel Moreira Santos, Fernanda Silva Torres, Felipe Lima Cardoso, Patricia Massara Martinelli, Elizabeth Ribeiro da Silva, Maria Elena de Lima, Lucas Antonio Ferreira Miranda, Monica Cristina Oliveira
BACKGROUND: PnPP-19 is a 19-amino-acid synthetic peptide previously described as a novel drug for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to evaluate the physicochemical properties of cationic transfersomes containing PnPP-19 and the skin permeation of free PnPP-19 and PnPP-19-loaded transfersomes. METHOD: Three different liposomal preparation methods were evaluated. Cationic transfersomes contained egg phosphatidyl choline: stearylamine (9:1 w/w) and Tween 20 (84...
January 8, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317110/cationic-liposomes-formulated-with-a-novel-whole-leishmania-lysate-wll-as-a-vaccine-for-leishmaniasis-in-murine-model
#12
Iman Jafari, Vahid Heravi Shargh, Maryam Shahryari, Azam Abbasi, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Ali Khamesipour, Ali Badiee
Although there have been numerous attempts to develop a successful vaccine against leishmaniasis, based on the clinical trial in this field, no vaccine against Leishmania in routine way can be found for globally effective vaccination in human. Amongst, first generation vaccines consisting of parasite fractions or whole killed Leishmania showed more successful results in clinical trials. It seems that the main reason for the low efficacy of these vaccines is lack of a suitable adjuvant. In this study, a crude extract of detergent-solubilized L...
December 28, 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311523/effect-of-dialkyl-ammonium-cationic-surfactants-on-the-microfluidity-of-membranes-containing-raft-domains
#13
Makoto Uyama, Kaori Inoue, Koichi Kinoshita, Reiji Miyahara, Hirokazu Yokoyama, Minoru Nakano
It has been reported that a lot of receptors localize in lipid raft domains and that the microfluidity of these domains regulates the activation of these receptors. In this study, we focused on the lipid raft and in order to evaluate the physicochemical effects of surfactants on microfluidity of lipid membranes, we used liposomes comprising of egg-yolk L-α-phosphatidylcholine, egg-yolk sphingomyelin, and cholesterol as a model of cell membranes containing raft domains. The microfluidity of the domains was characterized by fluorescence spectrometry using 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene and 2-dimethylamino-6-lauroylnaphthalene...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304430/-force-from-lipids-gating-of-mechanosensitive-channels-modulated-by-pufas
#14
Pietro Ridone, Stephan L Grage, Amrutha Patkunarajah, Andrew R Battle, Anne S Ulrich, Boris Martinac
The level of fatty acid saturation in phospholipids is a crucial determinant of the biophysical properties of the lipid bilayer. Integral membrane proteins are sensitive to changes of their bilayer environment such that their activities and localization can be profoundly affected. When incorporated into phospholipids of mammalian cells, poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) determine the mechanical properties of the bilayer thereby affecting several membrane-associated functions such as endo- and exo-cytosis and ion channel/membrane receptor signalling cascades...
December 28, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303979/amperometric-detection-of-conformational-change-of-proteins-using-immobilized-liposome-sensor-system
#15
Hyunjong Yu, Young Hwan Son, Hak-Jin Kim, Keesung Kim, Pahn-Shick Chang, Ho-Sup Jung
An immobilized liposome electrode (ILE)-based sensor was developed to quantify conformational changes of the proteins under various stress conditions. The ILE surface was characterized by using a tapping-mode atomic force microscopy (TM-AFM) to confirm surface immobilization of liposome. The uniform layer of liposome was formed on the electrode. The current deviations generated based on the status of the proteins under different stress were then measured. Bovine carbonic anhydrase (CAB) and lysozyme were tested with three different conditions: native, reduced and partially denatured...
January 5, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298891/cleavage-of-the-c-terminal-fragment-of-reovirus-%C3%AE-1-is-required-for-optimal-infectivity
#16
Anthony J Snyder, Pranav Danthi
The mammalian orthoreovirus (reovirus) outer capsid, which is composed of 200 μ1/σ3 heterohexamers and a maximum of 12 σ1 trimers, contains all of the proteins that are necessary for attaching to and entering host cells. Following attachment, reovirus is internalized by receptor-mediated endocytosis and acid-dependent cathepsin proteases degrade the σ3 protein. This process generates a metastable intermediate, called infectious subviral particle (ISVP), in which the μ1 membrane penetration protein is exposed...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288236/cd47-blockade-as-an-adjuvant-immunotherapy-for-resectable-pancreatic-cancer
#17
Alex D Michaels, Timothy E Newhook, Sara J Adair, Sho Morioka, Bernadette J Goudreau, Sarbajeet Nagdas, Matthew G Mullen, Jesse B Persily, Timothy Bullock, Craig L Slingluff, Kodi S Ravichandran, J Thomas Parsons, Todd W Bauer
PURPOSE: Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) who undergo surgical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy have an expected survival of only two years due to disease recurrence, frequently in the liver. We investigated the role of liver macrophages in progression of PDAC micrometastases to identify adjuvant treatment strategies that could prolong survival. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A murine splenic injection model of hepatic micrometastatic PDAC was used with five patient-derived PDAC tumors...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287404/freeze-dried-phosphatidylcholine-liposomes-encapsulating-various-antioxidant-extracts-from-natural-waste-as-functional-ingredients-in-surimi-gels
#18
D Marín, A Alemán, A Sánchez-Faure, P Montero, M C Gómez-Guillén
Three antioxidant extracts (collagen hydrolysate, pomegranate peel extract, shrimp lipid extract) were encapsulated in soy phosphatidylcholine liposomes with the addition of glycerol. The particle size of the fresh liposomes ranged from 75.7 to 81.0 nm and zeta potential from -64.6 to -88.2 mV. Freeze-drying increased particle size (199-283 nm), and slightly decreased zeta potential. The lyophilized liposomes were incorporated in squid surimi gels at 10.5% concentration. An alternative functional formulation was also prepared by adding 2% of non-encapsulated bioactive extract...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275107/transferrin-targeted-liposomal-5-fluorouracil-induced-apoptosis-via-mitochondria-signaling-pathway-in-cancer-cells
#19
Eskandar Moghimipour, Mohsen Rezaei, Zahra Ramezani, Maryam Kouchak, Mohsen Amini, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Somayeh Handali
The purpose of this study was to prepare transferrin (Tf) targeted liposomal 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) to improve the safety and efficacy of the drug. Liposomes were prepared using thin layer method. Morphology of liposomes was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and their particle size was also determined. The in vitro cytotoxicity was investigated via MTT assay on HT-29 (as cancer cell) and fibroblast (as normal cell). Moreover, cytotoxicity mechanism of targeted liposomes was determined through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (∆Ψm) and release of cytochrome c...
December 21, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247686/folic-acid-modified-liposomal-drug-delivery-strategy-for-tumor-targeting-of-5-fluorouracil
#20
Eskandar Moghimipour, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Mohsen Rezaei, Zahra Ramezani, Mohsen Amini, Maryam Kouchak, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Somayeh Handali
The aim of this study was to develop a liposomal formulation to selectively target cancer cells. Liposomes were prepared using thin layer method and folic acid (FA) was applied for targeted delivery of 5FU to cancer cells. Liposomes prepared were characterized for encapsulation efficiency (EE%), morphology and their particle size. Cellular uptake, cytotoxicity study and ROS production were evaluated using CT26 cell line. Hemolysis test was performed on rat red blood cells (RBCs). Moreover, the efficacy of targeted liposomes were investigated by in vivo antitumor activity and tissue toxicities were studied by histological examination...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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