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Liposomes characterization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907857/membrane-effects-of-dihydropyrimidine-analogues-with-larvicidal-activity
#1
Mariela E Sánchez-Borzone, Maria E Mariani, Virginia Miguel, Raquel M Gleiser, Bharti Odhav, Katharigatta N Venugopala, Daniel A García
Two recently synthesized dihydropyrimidines (DHPMs) analogues have demonstrated larvicide and repellent activity against Anopheles arabiensis. DHPMs high lipophilicity suggests that these compounds may interact directly with the membrane and modify their biophysical properties. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the interaction of both compounds with artificial membranes. Changes on the properties of DPPC films were studied using Langmuir monolayers. The presence of DHPMs in the subphase modified the interfacial characteristics of DPPC compression isotherms, causing the expansion of the monolayer, inducing the disappearance of DPPC phase transition and increasing the molecular packing of the film...
November 24, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904040/topology-of-surface-ligands-on-liposomes-characterization-based-on-the-terms-incorporation-ratio-surface-anchor-density-and-reaction-yield
#2
Shang-Hsuan Lee, Yusuke Sato, Mamoru Hyodo, Hideyoshi Harashima
The surface topology of ligands on liposomes is an important factor in active targeting in drug delivery systems. Accurately evaluating the density of anchors and bioactive functional ligands on a liposomal surface is critical for ensuring the efficient delivery of liposomes. For evaluating surface ligand density, it is necessary to clarify that on the ligand-modified liposomal surfaces, some anchors are attached to ligands but some are not. To distinguish between these situations, a key parameter, surface anchor density, was introduced to specify amount of total anchors on the liposomal surface...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901642/a-generic-rna-pulsed-dc-based-approach-for-developing-therapeutic-intervention-against-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#3
Rajeev K Tyagi, Rajesh Parmar, Naisargee Patel
The recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma of head-and-neck cancers pathology showed unique symptoms and clinical characteristics. The complexity of pathology poses challenges for developing therapeutic interventional approaches against nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The conventional treatment regimens offer limited local control and survival, which, leads to adverse delayed complications. Our study present a generic monocyte derived dendritic cell (MoDC) vaccine strategy for NPC in which RNA is used as a source of tumor-associated antigens (TAAgs)...
November 30, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899320/preparation-characterization-and-in-vivo-pharmacokinetic-study-of-pvp-modified-oleanolic-acid-liposomes
#4
Yan Liu, Xiao Luo, Xiaochao Xu, Nannan Gao, Xiaohong Liu
The primary purpose of the present study was to design and optimize a liposomal formulation of the poorly water-soluble drug oleanolic acid (OA) to improve its oral bioavailability, and prolong the duration of therapeutic drug level. Liposomes containing a soybean lecithin and cholesterol lipid bilayer, a protective hydrophilic polyvinylpyrrolidone-K30 (PVP-K30) coating, and a protective bile salt, sodium deoxycholate, were prepared by a thin-film dispersion method coupled with sonication. Several properties of the PVP-modified OA liposomes (PVPOALs), including surface morphology, particle size, zeta potential and entrapment efficiency were extensively characterized...
November 26, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892715/incorporation-of-chemotherapeutic-agent-and-photosensitizer-in-a-low-temperature-sensitive-liposome-for-effective-chemo-hyperthermic-anticancer-activity
#5
Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Hiep Tran, Raj Kumar Thapa, Tung Thanh Pham, Jee-Heon Jeong, Yu Seok Youn, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we combined chemo- and hyperthermia therapy in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL) for potential cancer treatment. METHODS: Docetaxel (DOC) and indocyanine green (ICG) as a therapeutic agent and photosensitizer, respectively, were incorporated in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL/DI). Nanoparticles were evaluated for the physicochemical characterizations, in vitro uptake and cytotoxicity, and furthermore in vivo anticancer activity...
November 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888157/curcumin-use-in-pulmonary-diseases-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Diana Lelli, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Thomas P Johnston, Claudio Pedone
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow pigment present in the spice turmeric (Curcuma longa). It has been used for centuries in Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine) for the treatment of several diseases. Over the last several decades, the therapeutic properties of curcumin have slowly been elucidated. It has been shown that curcumin has pleiotropic effects, regulating transcription factors (e.g., NF-kB), cytokines (e.g., IL6, TNF-alpha), adhesion molecules (e.g., ICAM-1), and enzymes (e.g., MMPs) that play a major role in inflammation and cancerogenesis...
November 22, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885848/conveying-a-newly-designed-hydrophilic-anti-human-thymidylate-synthase-peptide-to-cisplatin-resistant-cancer-cells-are-ph-sensitive-liposomes-more-effective-than-conventional-ones
#7
Francesca Sacchetti, Domenico D'Arca, Filippo Genovese, Salvatore Pacifico, Eleonora Maretti, Miriam Hanuskova, Valentina Iannuccelli, Maria Paola Costi, Eliana Leo
Context LR-peptide, a novel hydrophilic peptide synthetized and characterized in previous work, is able to reduce the multi-drug resistance response in cisplatin (cDPP) resistant cancer cells by inhibiting human thymidylate synthase overexpressed in several tumors, including ovarian and colon-rectal cancers, but it is unable to enter the cells spontaneously. Objective The aim of this work was to design and characterize liposomal vesicles as drug delivery systems for the LR peptide, evaluating the possible benefits of the pH-responsive feature in improving intracellular delivery...
November 25, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876438/physicochemical-characteristics-of-liposomes-are-decisive-for-their-antirestenosis-efficacy-following-local-delivery
#8
Azadeh Haeri, Saeed Sadeghian, Shahram Rabbani, Shapour Shirani, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Simin Dadashzadeh
AIM: To develop an ameliorated sirolimus (SIR) liposome for intramural delivery, the effects of various carrier physicochemical parameters on the antirestenosis efficacy were evaluated. MATERIALS & METHODS: Different liposomes were prepared, characterized and administered to balloon injured rats (12 animal groups). Their efficacies were investigated using morphometric, immunohistochemical and in vivo computed tomography imaging analyses. RESULTS: The antirestenosis efficacy of SIR liposomes decreased in the following order: cationic 100 nm vesicles ≥ cationic 60 nm vesicles > neutral 100 nm vesicles ≥ stealth 100 nm vesicles > anionic 100 nm vesicles...
November 23, 2016: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863656/engineering-thermosensitive-liposome-nanoparticle-hybrids-loaded-with-doxorubicin-for-heat-triggered-drug-release
#9
Zahraa Al-Ahmady, Neus Lozano, Kuo-Ching Mei, Wafa' T Al-Jamal, Kostas Kostarelos
The engineering of responsive multifunctional delivery systems that combine therapeutic and diagnostic (theranostic) capabilities holds great promise and interest. We describe the design of thermosensitive liposome-nanoparticle (NP) hybrids that can modulate drug release in response to external heating stimulus. These hybrid systems were successfully engineered by the incorporation of gold, silver, and iron oxide NPs into the lipid bilayer of lysolipid-containing thermosensitive liposomes (LTSL). Structural characterization of LTSL-NP hybrids using cryo-EM and AFM revealed the incorporation of metallic NPs into the lipid membranes without compromising doxorubicin loading and retention capability...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856908/characterization-of-a-dynamic-metabolon-producing-the-defense-compound-dhurrin-in-sorghum
#10
Tomas Laursen, Jonas Borch, Camilla Knudsen, Krutika Bavishi, Federico Torta, Helle Juel Martens, Daniele Silvestro, Nikos S Hatzakis, Markus R Wenk, Timothy R Dafforn, Carl Erik Olsen, Mohammed Saddik Motawia, Björn Hamberger, Birger Lindberg Møller, Jean-Etienne Bassard
Metabolic highways may be orchestrated by the assembly of sequential enzymes into protein complexes, or metabolons, to facilitate efficient channeling of intermediates and to prevent undesired metabolic cross-talk while maintaining metabolic flexibility. Here we report the isolation of the dynamic metabolon that catalyzes the formation of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin, a defense compound produced in sorghum plants. The metabolon was reconstituted in liposomes, which demonstrated the importance of membrane surface charge and the presence of the glucosyltransferase for metabolic channeling...
November 18, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855927/development-and-characterization-of-phosphatidylcholine-nanovesicles-containing-garlic-extract-with-antilisterial-activity-in-milk
#11
Cristian Mauricio Barreto Pinilla, Caciano Pelayo Zapata Noreña, Adriano Brandelli
Phospholipid nanovesicles were developed to improve the stability of garlic (Allium sativum L.) extract. Electron microscopy of liposomes revealed nanometric and spherical-shaped vesicles with a mean particle size of 174.6±17.3nm and polydispersity index of 0.26±0.02. The entrapment efficiency was 47.5±7.3% and the nanoliposomes had a zeta potential of -16.2±5.5mV. The antimicrobial activity of free and encapsulated garlic extract was evaluated against different strains of Listeria spp. in milk at 37°C for 24h...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855878/nanoliposomal-carriers-for-improvement-the-bioavailability-of-high-valued-phenolic-compounds-of-pistachio-green-hull-extract
#12
Zahra Rafiee, Mohsen Barzegar, Mohammad Ali Sahari, Behnoush Maherani
In present study, nanoliposomes were prepared by thin hydration method with different concentrations of phenolic compounds (500, 750 and 1000ppm) of pure extract and lecithin (1, 2 and 3%w/w) and characterized by considering the particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency (EE) and morphology. The results showed that nanoliposome (90.39-103.78nm) had negative surface charge varied from -51.5±0.9 to -40.2±0.2mV with a narrow size distribution (PDI≈0.069-0.123). Nanoliposomes composed of 1% lecithin with 1000ppm of phenolic compounds had the highest EE (52...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843312/formulation-characterization-and-tissue-distribution-of-a-novel-ph-sensitive-long-circulating-liposome-based-theranostic-suitable-for-molecular-imaging-and-drug-delivery
#13
Yin Duan, Lihui Wei, Julia Petryk, Terrence D Ruddy
PURPOSE: When designing liposome formulas for treatment and diagnostic purposes, two of the most common challenges are 1) the lack of a specific release mechanism for the encapsulated contents and 2) a short circulation time due to poor resistance to biological fluids. This study aimed to create a liposome formula with prolonged in vivo longevity and pH-sensitivity for cytoplasmic drug delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liposomal particles were generated using hydrogenated soy (HS) phosphatidylcholine, cholesteryl hemisuccinate (CHEM), polyethylene glycol (PEG) and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid-modified phosphatidylethanolamine with film hydration and extrusion methods...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837547/stable-discoidal-bicelles-a-platform-of-lipid-nanocarriers-for-cellular-delivery
#14
Ying Liu, Yan Xia, Armin Tahmasbi Rad, Wafa Aresh, Mu-Ping Nieh
Bicellar mixtures have been used as alignable membrane substrates for the structural characterization of membrane-associated proteins. Most recently, it has been shown that bicelles can serve as nanocarriers to effectively deliver hydrophobic molecules to cancer cells with a 3- to 10-fold enhancement compared to that of chemically identical liposomes. In this chapter, a detailed preparation protocol, common structural characterization methods, the structural stability and the cellular uptake of bicellar nanodisks are discussed...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837546/targeted-magnetic-liposomes-loaded-with-doxorubicin
#15
Pallab Pradhan, Rinti Banerjee, Dhirendra Bahadur, Christian Koch, Olga Mykhaylyk, Christian Plank
Targeted delivery systems for anticancer drugs are urgently needed to achieve maximum therapeutic efficacy by site-specific accumulation and thereby minimizing adverse effects resulting from systemic distribution of many potent anticancer drugs. We have prepared folate receptor-targeted magnetic liposomes loaded with doxorubicin, which are designed for tumor targeting through a combination of magnetic and biological targeting. Furthermore, these liposomes are designed for hyperthermia-induced drug release to be mediated by an alternating magnetic field and to be traceable by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837544/preparation-and-physical-characterization-of-dna-binding-cationic-liposomes
#16
Vaibhav Saxena
DNA-binding cationic liposomes are routinely employed as one of the major non-viral transfecting agents delivering DNA and other genes inside the cells. Cationic liposomes when complexed with DNA form a strong positively charged liposome-DNA complex or lipoplex. The chapter discusses primarily the major preparation technique for cationic liposomes and its physical characterization, with a focus on SYBR Green-I dye exclusion assay and DNA encapsulation enhancement by freeze-thaw technique. SYBR Green-I dye exclusion assay is a technique to determine the total amount of liposomal lipids required to bind a unit weight of DNA, which is critical for transfection experiments...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837541/long-circulating-ph-sensitive-liposomes
#17
Denitsa Momekova, Stanislav Rangelov, Nikolay Lambov
A major limiting factor for the wide application of pH-sensitive liposomes is their recognition and sequestration by the phagocytes of the reticuloendothelial system, which conditions a very short circulation half-life. Typically prolonged circulation of liposomes is achieved by grafting their membranes with pegylated phospholipids (PEG-lipids), which have been shown, however, to deteriorate membrane integrity on one hand and to hamper the pH-responsiveness on the other. Hence, the need for novel alternative surface modifying agents to ensure effective half-life prolongation of pH-sensitive liposomes is a subject of intensive research...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837540/serum-stable-long-circulating-ph-sensitive-pegylated-liposomes
#18
Nicolas Bertrand, Pierre Simard, Jean-Christophe Leroux
pH-sensitive liposomes have been designed to deliver active compounds, specifically to acidic intracellular organelles, and to augment their cytoplasmic concentrations. These systems combine the protective effects of other liposomal formulations with specific environment-controlled drug release. They are stable at physiological pH, but abruptly discharge their contents when endocytosed into acidic compartments, allowing the drug to be released before it is exposed to the harsh environment of the lysosomes.Serum-stable formulations with minimal leakage at physiological pH and rapid drug release at pH 5...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837534/elastic-liposomes-for-topical-and-transdermal-drug-delivery
#19
Heather A E Benson
Elastic liposomes have been developed and evaluated as novel topical and transdermal delivery systems. They share some similarities to conventional liposomes but their composition is designed to confer flexibility and elasticity in the lipid bilayer structure. Elastic liposomes are applied non-occluded to the skin and are reported to permeate through the stratum corneum lipid lamellar regions as a result of the hydration or osmotic force in the skin. They have been investigated as drug carriers for a range of small molecules, peptides, proteins, and vaccines, both in vitro and in vivo...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837529/method-of-simultaneous-analysis-of-liposome-components-using-hptlc-fid
#20
Sophia Hatziantoniou, Costas Demetzos
Liposomes are composed of different kind of lipids or lipophilic substances and are used as carriers of bioactive molecules. The characterization of the prepared liposomes consists of the calculation of the drug to lipid molar ratio by measuring the lipids and the encapsulated molecule.The present work describes an analytical methodology on simultaneous determination of all the lipid ingredients of the liposome formulation, using Thin Layer Chromatography coupled with a Flame Ionization Detector (TLC/FID), using the least possible sample quantity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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