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Liposomes characterization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647214/development-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-functionalized-ritonavir-proliposomes-for-lymphatic-targeting
#1
Vasif Ahammed, Reema Narayan, John Paul, Yogendra Nayak, Bisakha Roy, Gopal V Shavi, Usha Y Nayak
AIMS: The aim of the present work was to prepare, characterize, and evaluate proliposomes containing lipophilic prodrug ritonavir for targeting towards CD4+ T cells in the lymphatic system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The liposomes were prepared by lipid thin film hydration method and lyophilized in the presence of cryoprotectant mannitol to obtain proliposomes. The optimized proliposomes by Central Composite Design, were surface modified with biotin. The proliposomes were evaluated for particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity index (PDI), entrapment efficiency, in vitro drug release, in vivo pharmacokinetics and biodistribution studies...
June 21, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639178/effective-skin-cancer-treatment-by-topical-co-delivery-of-curcumin-and-stat3-sirna-using-cationic-liposomes
#2
Anup Jose, Suman Labala, Kunal Manoj Ninave, Sudeep Kumar Gade, Venkata Vamsi Krishna Venuganti
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of iontophoretic co-delivery of curcumin and anti-STAT3 siRNA using cationic liposomes against skin cancer. Curcumin was encapsulated in DOTAP-based cationic liposomes and then complexed with STAT3 siRNA. This nanocomplex was characterized for the average particle size, zeta-potential, and encapsulation efficiency. The cell viability studies in B16F10 mouse melanoma cells have shown that the co-delivery of curcumin and STAT3 siRNA significantly (p < 0...
June 21, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638403/jaburetox-update-on-a-urease-derived-peptide
#3
REVIEW
Arlete Beatriz Becker-Ritt, Camila Saretta Portugal, Célia Regina Carlini
Urease from Canavalia ensiformis seeds was the first enzyme ever to be crystallized, in 1926. These proteins, found in plants, bacteria and fungi, present different biological properties including catalytic hydrolysis of urea, and also enzyme-independent activities, such as induction of exocytosis, pro-inflammatory effects, neurotoxicity, antifungal and insecticidal properties. Urease is toxic to insects and fungi per se but part of this toxicity relies on an internal peptide (~11 kDa), which is released upon digestion of the protein by insect enzymes...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631963/tumor-penetrating-peptide-integrated-thermally-sensitive-liposomal-doxorubicin-enhances-efficacy-of-radiofrequency-ablation-in-liver-tumors
#4
Fei Yan, Song Wang, Wei Yang, S Nahum Goldberg, Hao Wu, Wan-Lu Duan, Zhi-Ting Deng, Hai-Bo Han, Hai-Rong Zheng
Purpose To investigate the role of a tumor-penetrating peptide (internalizing CRGDRGPDC [iRGD])-integrated thermally sensitive liposomal (TSL) doxorubicin (DOX) in combination with radiofrequency (RF) ablation of liver tumors in an animal model. Materials and Methods Approval from the institutional animal care and use committee was obtained. Characterization of iRGD-TSL-DOX was performed in vitro. Next, H22 liver adenocarcinomas were implanted in 138 mice in vivo. The DOX accumulation and cell apoptosis of iRGD-TSL-DOX and TSL-DOX with or without RF were evaluated (n = 5) at different time points after treatment with quantitative analysis or pathologic staining...
June 19, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630259/triacylglycerol-mimetics-regulate-membrane-interactions-of-glycogen-branching-enzyme-implications-for-therapy
#5
Rafael Alvarez, Jesús Casas, David J López, Maitane Ibarguren, Ariadna Suari-Rivera, Silvia Terés, Francisca Guardiola-Serrano, Alexander Lossos, Xavier Busquets, Or Kakhlon, Pablo V Escribá
Adult Polyglucosan Body Disease (APBD) is a neurological disorder characterized by adult-onset neurogenic bladder, spasticity, weakness, and sensory loss. The disease is caused by aberrant glycogen branching enzyme (GBE1-Y329S) yielding less branched, globular and soluble glycogen which tends to aggregate. We explore here whether, despite being a soluble enzyme, GBE1 activity is regulated by protein-membrane interactions. Since soluble proteins can contact a wide variety of cell membranes, we investigated the interactions of purified wild-type and Y329S GBE1 proteins with different types of model membranes (liposomes)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627453/design-and-development-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-liposome-drug-delivery-platforms
#6
Natassa Pippa, Demetrios D Chronopoulos, Dimitris Stellas, Rodrigo Fernández-Pacheco, Raul Arenal, Costas Demetzos, Nikos Tagmatarchis
The aim of this study is to design and develop delivery platforms made of liposomes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). We used different lipids with different main transition temperature (Tm) and differently functionalized MWCNTs with organic addends possessing either positive or negative charge. The phospholipids used for the formulations were 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) (Tm=41°C) and L-α-phosphatidylcholine, hydrogenated Soy (HSPC) (Tm=53°C). By Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), we studied the interaction between the DPPC and HSPC bilayers and MWCNTs...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625748/comparison-of-liposomal-drug-formulations-for-transdermal-iontophoretic-drug-delivery
#7
K Malinovskaja-Gomez, S Espuelas, M J Garrido, J Hirvonen, T Laaksonen
This study was aimed to evaluate the in vitro transdermal direct/pulsed current iontophoretic delivery of an amphiphilic model compound from various lipid vesicle-encapsulated formulations compared to free-drug formulation. Conventional, pegylated, ultradeformable liposomes (transfersomes) and ethosomes loaded with a negatively charged drug diclofenac sodium (DS) were prepared and characterized. All the liposomes possessed an average size of ≈100-150nm and negative zeta potential. No changes in colloidal stability were detected after 8h incubation of any vesicle formulation under constant or pulsed iontophoretic current...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619756/alpha-particle-enhanced-blood-brain-tumor-barrier-permeabilization-in-glioblastomas-using-integrin-alpha-v-beta-3-targeted-liposomes
#8
Anirudh Sattiraju, Xiaobing Xiong, Darpan N Pandya, Thaddeus J Wadas, Ang Xuan, Yao Sun, Youngkyoo Jung, Kiran Kumar Solingapuram Sai, Jay F Dorsey, King C Li, Akiva Mintz
<span style="font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 200%; color: windowtext;">Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant astrocytoma characterized by extensive invasion, angiogenesis, hypoxia and micrometastasis. Despite the relatively leaky nature of GBM blood vessels, effective delivery of anti-tumor therapeutics has been a major challenge due to the complications caused by the blood brain barrier (BBB) and the highly torturous nature of newly formed tumor vasculature (blood tumor barrier-BTB)...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605687/anesthetic-dependent-changes-in-the-chain-melting-phase-transition-of-dppg-liposomes-studied-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-supported-by-pca
#9
Marta Kuć, Katarzyna Cieślik-Boczula, Maria Rospenk
The effect of inhalation anesthetics (enflurane, isoflurane, sevoflurane or halothane) on the lipid chain-melting phase transition of negatively charged phospholipid membranes was studied using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy supported by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). NIR spectra of anesthetics-mixed dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) membranes were recorded in a range of the first overtone of the symmetric and antisymmetric stretching vibrations of CH2 groups of lipid aliphatic chains as a function of increasing temperature...
June 6, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602084/evaluation-of-the-interaction-between-pesticides-and-a-cell-membrane-model-by-surface-plasmon-resonance-spectroscopy-analysis
#10
Hiroshi Moriwaki, Kotaro Yamada, Hiromitsu Nakanishi
A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy analysis was used for the characterization of the interaction between pesticides and a cell membrane model. A liposome was immobilized onto the surface of the SPR sensor chip (L1), and the lipid bilayer membrane formed on the sensor chip was regarded as the cell membrane model. The solution containing a pesticide was flowed onto the sensor chip, and an SPR sensorgram, which reflected the interaction between the pesticide and the lipid bilayer membrane, was obtained...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591186/increasing-incidence-of-mucormycosis-in-a-large-spanish-hospital-from-2007-to-2015-epidemiology-and-microbiological-characterization-of-the-isolates
#11
Jesús Guinea, Pilar Escribano, Antonio Vena, Patricia Muñoz, María Del Carmen Martínez-Jiménez, Belén Padilla, Emilio Bouza
We studied 19 cases of proven/probable mucormycosis diagnosed from 2007 to 2015 in our hospital and assessed the microbiological characteristics of the isolates. We recorded the incidence of mucormycosis and clinical and microbiological data of infected patients. Isolates were identified to molecular level and tested for their antifungal susceptibility to azoles, amphotericin B, and liposomal amphotericin B according to the CLSI M-38 A2 procedure. The incidence of mucormycosis in cases/100,000 hospital admissions during 2007-2015 increased significantly with respect to that reported in 1988-2006 (3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590788/thermo-responsive-magnetic-liposomes-for-hyperthermia-triggered-local-drug-delivery
#12
Min Dai, Cong Wu, Hong-Ming Fang, Li Li, Jia-Bao Yan, Dan-Lin Zeng, Tao Zou
We prepared and characterized thermo-responsive magnetic liposomes, which were designed to combine features of magnetic targeting and thermo-responsive control release for hyperthermia-triggered local drug delivery. The particle size and zeta-potential of the thermo-responsive magnetic ammonium bicarbonate (MagABC) liposomes were about 210 nm and -14 mV, respectively. The MagABC liposomes showed encapsulation efficiencies of about 15% and 82% for magnetic nanoparticles (mean crystallite size 12 nm) and doxorubicin (DOX), respectively...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584521/tranexamic-acid-encapsulating-thermosensitive-liposomes-for-site-specific-pharmaco-laser-therapy-of-port-wine-stains
#13
M Ingmar van Raath, Ruud Weijer, Gia Hung Nguyen, Bernard Choi, Anton I de Kroon, Michal Heger
Site-specific pharmaco-laser therapy (SSPLT) is a developmental stage treatment modality designed to non-invasively remove superficial vascular pathologies such as port wine stains (PWS) by combining conventional laser therapy with the prior administration of a prothrombotic and/or antifibrinolytic pharmaceutical-containing drug delivery system. For the antifibrinolytic SSPLT component, six different PEGylated thermosensitive liposomal formulations encapsulating tranexamic acid (TA), a potent antifibrinolytic lysine analogue, were characterized for drug:lipid ratio, encapsulation efficiency, size, endovesicular TA concentration (CTA), phase transition temperature (Tm), and assayed for heat-induced TA release...
August 2016: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580308/a-novel-approach-on-drug-delivery-investigation-of-a-new-nano-formulation-of-liposomal-doxorubicin-and-biological-evaluation-of-entrapped-doxorubicin-on-various-osteosarcoma-cell-lines
#14
Fateme Haghiralsadat, Ghasem Amoabediny, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Tymour Forouzanfar, Marco N Helder, Behrouz Zandieh-Doulabi
OBJECTIVE: In this study we prepared a novel formulation of liposomal doxorubicin (L- DOX). The drug dose was optimized by analyses of cellular uptake and cell viability of osteosarcoma (OS) cell lines upon exposure to nanoliposomes that contained varying DOX concentrations. We intended to reduce the cytotoxicity of DOX and improve characteristics of the nanosystems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, we prepared liposomes by the pH gradient hydration method...
2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579961/characterization-of-annexin-v-fusion-with-the-superfolder-gfp-in-liposomes-binding-and-apoptosis-detection
#15
Abdul Qader Abbady, Aya Twair, Bouthaina Ali, Hossam Murad
Programed cell death is a critical and unavoidable part of life. One of the most widely used markers for dying cells, by apoptosis or pyroptosis, is the redistribution of phosphatidylserine (PS) from the inner to the outer plasma membrane leaflet. Annexin V protein is a sensitive and specific probe to mark this event because of its high affinity to the exposed PS. Beyond that, annexin V can bind to any PS-containing phospholipid bilayer of almost all tiny forms of membranous vesicles like blood platelets, exosomes, or even nanostructured liposomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578696/nasal-delivery-of-nanoliposome-encapsulated-ferric-ammonium-citrate-can-increase-the-iron-content-of-rat-brain
#16
Xueling Guo, Hong Zheng, Yuetong Guo, Yan Wang, Gregory J Anderson, Yunzhe Ci, Peng Yu, Lina Geng, Yan-Zhong Chang
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency in children can have significant neurological consequences, and iron supplementation is an effective treatment of choice. However, traditional routes of iron supplementation do not allow efficient iron delivery to the brain due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier. So an easily delivered iron formulation with high absorption efficiency potentially could find widespread application in iron deficient infants. RESULTS: In this study, we have developed and characterized a nanovesicular formulation of ferric ammonium citrate (ferric ammonium citrate nanoliposomes, FAC-LIP) and have shown that it can increase brain iron levels in rats following nasal administration...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577996/albumin-micro-nanoparticles-entrapping-liposomes-for-itraconazole-green-formulation
#17
María José de Jesús Valle, Cristina Maderuelo Martín, Aránzazu Zarzuelo Castañeda, Amparo Sánchez Navarro
Itraconazole-loaded micro/nanoparticles containing albumin and liposomes were prepared by a technological process that avoids the use of organic solvents and crosslinker agents. The particles were characterized, lyophilized and formulated as tablets. Dynamic light scattering was used to determine the hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential of the particles; optical and scanning-electron microscopy was used to evaluate their morphology. Spherical shaped particles of different sizes and zeta potential were obtained...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565781/design-and-implementation-of-fast-allergy-skin-test-detector-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-injections
#18
Ying Xiao, Yubin Zhao, Yanming Xie
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injections are prepared from active substances extracted from TCMs and other natural medicines to establish scientific and technological methods, based on TCM hypotheses and experiences. A device was designed to provide a fast allergy skin test detector for TCM injections that could be applied to drugs of a single component or complex components. A novel fast allergy skin test detector for TCM injections was developed combining direct-current main, drug solution permeation devices of various shape that were compatible with the skin test electrode, nano-sponge patch adsorption, and flexible liposome coverage technologies with high-amplitude pulse...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560505/a-cheap-and-convenient-method-of-liposome-preparation-using-glass-beads-as-a-source-of-shear-force
#19
Aoke Wang, Aftab Ahmad, Sadeeq Ullah, Li Cheng, Lin Ke, Qipeng Yuan
Liposomes, the biocompatible lipid bilayer vesicles, have attracted immense attention due to their distinctive features such as efficient vehicle for the delivery of a wide range of therapeutic agents, adjustable formulation properties, and high drug entrapment efficiency. In this contribution, we present a simple method for the preparation of liposomes using glass beads and compared the potential of this method with conventional methods of liposome preparation. The prepared liposomes were characterized by different analytical techniques (HPLC, DLS, TEM, differential scanning calorimetry, and in vitro drug release)...
May 30, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558193/influence-of-size-and-shape-on-the-anatomical-distribution-of-endotoxin-free-gold-nanoparticles
#20
Laura Talamini, Martina B Violatto, Qi Cai, Marco P Monopoli, Karsten Kantner, Željka Krpetić, André Perez-Potti, Jennifer Cookman, David Garry, Camila P Silveira, Luca Boselli, Beatriz Pelaz, Tommaso Serchi, Sébastien Cambier, Arno C Gutleb, Neus Feliu, Yan Yan, Mario Salmona, Wolfgang J Parak, Kenneth A Dawson, Paolo Bigini
The transport and the delivery of drugs through nanocarriers is a great challenge of pharmacology. Since the production of liposomes to reduce the toxicity of doxorubicin in patients, a plethora of nanomaterials have been produced and characterized. Although it is widely known that elementary properties of nanomaterials influence their in vivo kinetics, such interaction is often poorly investigated in many preclinical studies. The present study aims to evaluate the actual effect of size and shape on the biodistribution of a set of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) after intravenous administration in mice...
June 6, 2017: ACS Nano
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