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Liposomes characterization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738502/formulation-and-optimization-of-lacidipine-loaded-niosomal-gel-for-transdermal-delivery-in-vitro-characterization-and-in-vivo-activity
#1
Mohd Qumbar, Ameeduzzafar, Syed Sarim Imam, Javed Ali, Javed Ahmad, Asgar Ali
The aim of the present research work is to formulate lacidipine (LAC) loaded niosomes formulation for the management of hypertension by thin film hydration technique. The developed formulations were statistically optimized by four factors, three levels Box-Behnken design and were evaluated for vesicle size, entrapment efficiency, and flux. The optimized LAC niosomes was further evaluated for permeation depth by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and converted to gel formulation. Further, the optimized LAC niosomes gel was evaluated for ex-vivo permeation study, skin irritation study, stability study and pharmacodynamics study...
July 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736158/nanoliposomes-carrying-her2-neu-derived-peptide-ae36-with-cpg-odn-exhibit-therapeutic-and-prophylactic-activities-in-a-mice-tubo-model-of-breast-cancer
#2
Nastaran Barati, Amin Reza Nikpoor, Atefeh Razazan, Fatemeh Mosaffa, Ali Badiee, Atefeh Arab, Zahra Gholizadeh, Javad Behravan, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari
This study was designed to prepare and characterize nanoliposomal vaccine formulation encapsulating AE36 HER2/neu-derived peptide with or without CpG and evaluate the immunologic and therapeutic responses of that in BALB/c mice model of Her2 overexpressing breast cancer. AE36 was encapsulated in liposomes composed of DOTAP, DOPE and Cholesterol (DDC) or DD with. The formulations could induce both CD8+ and CD4+ responses and stimulate production of cytokines which was detected by Enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISpot) kits, cytotoxicity test and intracellular cytokine assay by flow cytometry...
July 20, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731329/generation-and-characterization-of-anti-vglut-nanobodies-acting-as-inhibitors-of-transport
#3
Stephan Schenck, Laura Kunz, Daniela Sahlender, Els Pardon, Eric R Geertsma, Iaroslav Savtchouk, Toshiharu Suzuki, Yvonne Neldner, Saša Štefanić, Jan Steyaert, Andrea Volterra, Raimund Dutzler
The uptake of glutamate by synaptic vesicles is mediated by vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs). The central role of these transporters in excitatory neurotransmission underpins their importance as pharmacological targets. Although several compounds inhibit VGLUTs, highly specific inhibitors were so far unavailable, thus limiting applications to in vitro experiments. Besides their potential in pharmacology, specific inhibitors would also be beneficial for the elucidation of transport mechanisms. To overcome this shortage, we generated nanobodies (Nbs) by immunization of a llama with purified rat VGLUT1 and subsequent selection of binders from a phage display library...
July 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724327/gemcitabine-hydrochloride-loaded-liposomes-and-nanoparticles-comparison-of-encapsulation-efficiency-drug-release-particle-size-and-cytotoxicity
#4
Tahir Emre Yalcin, Sibel Ilbasmis-Tamer, Burçin Ibisoglu, Aysun Özdemir, Mustafa Ark, Sevgi Takka
The aim of this study is to formulate and compare the physicochemical properties of negatively-charged liposomes and poly-lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) nanoparticles loaded with gemcitabine hydrochloride. The influence of the formulation variables on the liposome and nanoparticle properties on particle size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency and drug release were evaluated. Although the PEGylated nanoparticles and PEGylated liposomes were of the same size (∼200 nm), the encapsulation efficiency was 1...
July 20, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720433/single-channel-planar-lipid-bilayer-recordings-of-the-melittin-variant-melp5
#5
Aziz Fennouri, Simon Finn Mayer, Thomas B H Schroeder, Michael Mayer
MelP5 is a 26 amino acid peptide derived from melittin, the main active constituent of bee venom, with five amino acid replacements. The pore-forming activity of MelP5 in lipid membranes is attracting attention because MelP5 forms larger pores and induces dye leakage through liposome membranes at a lower concentration than melittin. Studies of MelP5 have so far focused on ensemble measurements of membrane leakage and impedance; here we extend this characterization with an electrophysiological comparison between MelP5 and melittin using planar lipid bilayer recordings...
July 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707264/evaluation-of-propylene-glycol-nanoliposomes-containing-curcumin-on-burn-wound-model-in-rat-biocompatibility-wound-healing-and-anti-bacterial-effects
#6
Nooshin Kianvash, Abbas Bahador, Maryam Pourhajibagher, Homanaz Ghafari, Vahid Nikoui, Sayed Mehdi Rezayat, Ahmad Reza Dehpour, Alireza Partoazar
Curcumin is an effective wound healing agent in burn therapy, but due to its low bioavailability, it is required to be formulated for topical therapy. Liposomal nanocarriers are developed as stable and efficient dermal delivery systems. In this study, we prepared curcumin-propylene glycol liposomes (Cur-PgL) to treat animals subjected to second degree burns. The characterization tests confirmed the production of monodisperse nanoliposomes of average size of about 145 nm with high entrapment efficiency percentage and a sustained release behavior...
July 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706969/quantitative-analysis-of-immune-cell-subset-infiltration-of-supraspinatus-muscle-after-severe-rotator-cuff-injury
#7
J R Krieger, L E Tellier, M T Ollukaren, J S Temenoff, E A Botchwey
Rotator cuff tears cause muscle degeneration that is characterized by myofiber atrophy, fatty infiltration, and fibrosis and is minimally responsive to current treatment options. The underlying pathogenesis of rotator cuff muscle degeneration remains to be elucidated, and increasing evidence implicates immune cell infiltration as a significant factor. Because immune cells are comprised of highly heterogeneous subpopulations that exert divergent effects on injured tissue, understanding trafficking and accumulation of immune subpopulations may hold the key to more effective therapies...
June 2017: Regenerative Engineering and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705043/mannosylated-liposomes-improve-therapeutic-effects-of-paclitaxel-in-colon-cancer-models
#8
Menghua Xiong, Qian Lei, Xinyu You, Tiantao Gao, Xuejiao Song, Yong Xia, Tinghong Ye, Lidan Zhang, Ningyu Wang, Luoting Yu
Mannose receptor (MR) is a highly effective endocytic receptor. It is closely related to tumor immune escape and metastasis. We found that MR was highly expressed in some colon cancer cell lines such as CT26 and HCT116 cells. Therefore MR might be a potential target in colon cancer therapy. In this study, we aimed to develop mannosylated liposomes containing anticancer drug paclitaxel (PTX) and investigate the potential effects on targeted therapy for colon cancer. Mannosylated liposomes were prepared by film dispersion method...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704436/platinum-nanoparticles-induce-damage-to-dna-and-inhibit-dna-replication
#9
Lukas Nejdl, Jiri Kudr, Amitava Moulick, Dagmar Hegerova, Branislav Ruttkay-Nedecky, Jaromir Gumulec, Kristyna Cihalova, Kristyna Smerkova, Simona Dostalova, Sona Krizkova, Marie Novotna, Pavel Kopel, Vojtech Adam
Sparsely tested group of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) may have a comparable effect as complex platinum compounds. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of PtNPs in in vitro amplification of DNA fragment of phage λ, on the bacterial cultures (Staphylococcus aureus), human foreskin fibroblasts and erythrocytes. In vitro synthesized PtNPs were characterized by dynamic light scattering (PtNPs size range 4.8-11.7 nm), zeta potential measurements (-15 mV at pH 7.4), X-ray fluorescence, UV/vis spectrophotometry and atomic absorption spectrometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686903/polysaccharide-coated-liposomes-by-post-insertion-of-a-hyaluronan-lipid-conjugate
#10
Donato Cosco, Nicolas Tsapis, Thais L Nascimento, Massimo Fresta, David Chapron, Myriam Taverna, Silvia Arpicco, Elias Fattal
Hyaluronan (MW: 1.5 MDa) was linked to a phospholipid (dipalmitoyl phosphatidylethanolamine, DPPE) by an amidification procedure to obtain novel macromolecules (HA-DPPE) able to coat liposomes. Liposomes made of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (DPPC/Chol: 95/5 molar ratio), with a mean size around 100nm, were incubated with HA-DPPE at 55°C, allowing the insertion of DPPE moieties in the liposomal bilayer and leading to hyaluronan-coated liposomes (HAsomes) as evidenced by several techniques including dynamic light scattering and differential scanning calorimetry...
June 23, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684902/enzymatic-synthesis-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-folate-functionalized-liposomes
#11
Bohong Guo, Danqiao Xu, Xiaohong Liu, Jun Yi
In this study, folate-poly(ethylene glycol)3400-cholesterol conjugates (FA-PEG-Chol) were enzymatically synthesized in one step and incorporated into liposomes to prepare folate (FA)-functionalized liposomes for targeted drug delivery. The FA-functionalized liposomes loaded with betulinic acid (BA) (FA-L-BA) were prepared by thin lipid film method. The FA-L-BA was characterized by their morphology, particle size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency (EE), stability, cell cytotoxicity and cellular uptake...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684365/physicochemical-characterization-and-gastrointestinal-adhesion-of-s-layer-proteins-coating-liposomes
#12
Wenxi Wang, Anna Shao, Shisen Feng, Min Ding, Gan Luo
S-layer proteins (Slps) are crystalline arrays of protein on bacterial cell surface layers. Owning to their capability to reassemble on the surface of lipid layers, Slps have been employed to modify liposomes for various profits. But the interaction information between Slps and positively charged liposomes are destitute, especially the gastrointestinal adhesion of Slps-coating liposomes is rarely reported. In the present work, the Slps extracted from Lactobacillus helveticus were reassembled on the surface of novel positively charged liposomes composed of soybean lecithin, Eudragit(®)RL100 and cholesterol...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681334/enhanced-ungual-permeation-of-terbinafine-hcl-delivered-through-liposome-loaded-nail-lacquer-formulation-optimized-by-qbd-approach
#13
Viral H Shah, Amee Jobanputra
The present investigation focused on developing, optimizing, and evaluating a novel liposome-loaded nail lacquer formulation for increasing the transungual permeation flux of terbinafine HCl for efficient treatment of onychomycosis. A three-factor, three-level, Box-Behnken design was employed for optimizing process and formulation parameters of liposomal formulation. Liposomes were formulated by thin film hydration technique followed by sonication. Drug to lipid ratio, sonication amplitude, and sonication time were screened as independent variables while particle size, PDI, entrapment efficiency, and zeta potential were selected as quality attributes for liposomal formulation...
July 5, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673017/prognostic-factors-for-death-from-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-patients-treated-with-liposomal-amphotericin-b-in-an-endemic-state-in-brazil
#14
Bruna Dias Tourinho, Frederico Figueiredo Amâncio, Marcela Lencine Ferraz, Mariângela Carneiro
Objective: To characterize the clinical and epidemiological profiles of patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) treated with liposomal amphotericin B (LAmB) and to identify prognostic factors for death from VL in 2008-2012 in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: A historical cohort study was conducted using data obtained from treatment requests forms, Brazilian Notifiable Disease Information System and the Mortality Information System. Case-fatality rates of patients with VL treated with LAmB were compared with patients treated with other therapies...
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672816/augmented-anticancer-effects-of-cantharidin-with-liposomal-encapsulation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#15
Xue Zhang, Cong-Cong Lin, Wai-Kei-Nickie Chan, Kang-Lun Liu, Zhi-Jun Yang, Hong-Qi Zhang
PEGylated liposomes have received much attention as pharmaceutical carriers to deliver chemotherapeutic agents for therapeutic purpose. The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize PEGylated liposome of cantharidin and investigate its therapeutic effect on human hepatocellular carcinoma treatment in vitro and in vivo. Liposomal cantharidin was evaluated for their anticancer effects in vitro using human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells and in vivo using HepG2-bearing nude mice compared to free drug...
June 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672000/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-l-arabinose-based-cationic-glycolipids-as-effective-vectors-for-pdna-and-sirna-in-vitro
#16
Bo Li, Wanrong Guo, Fan Zhang, Meiyan Liu, Shang Wang, Zhonghua Liu, Shuanglin Xiang, Youlin Zeng
Glycolipids might become a new type of promising non-viral gene delivery systems because of their low cytotoxicity, structural diversity, controllable aqua- and lipo-solubility, appropriate density and distribution of positive charges, high transfer efficiency and potential targeting function. In this study, four kinds of L-arabinose-based cationic glycolipids (Ara-DiC12MA, Ara-DiC14MA, Ara-DiC16MA and Ara-DiC18MA) containing quaternary ammonium as hydrophilic headgroup and two alkane chains as hydrophobic domain were synthesized and characterized...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671589/theranostic-liposome-nanoparticle-hybrids-for-drug-delivery-and-bioimaging
#17
Muharrem Seleci, Didem Ag Seleci, Thomas Scheper, Frank Stahl
Advanced theranostic nanomedicine is a multifunctional approach which combines the diagnosis and effective therapy of diseased tissues. Here, we investigated the preparation, characterization and in vitro evaluation of theranostic liposomes. As is known, liposome-quantum dot (L-QD) hybrid vesicles are promising nanoconstructs for cell imaging and liposomal-topotecan (L-TPT) enhances the efficiency of TPT by providing protection against systemic clearance and allowing extended time for it to accumulate in tumors...
July 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669767/bactericidal-activity-of-cyclotides-where-phosphatidylethanolamine-lipid-selectivity-determines-antimicrobial-spectra
#18
Adam A Strömstedt, Sungkyu Park, Robert Burman, Ulf Göransson
Cyclotides are a family of plant peptides characterized by a cystine knot embedded in a macrocyclic backbone. They bind to and disrupt phospholipid membranes, which explain their lytic activity on cells. In this study, we expose the full antibacterial potency of cyclotides by avoiding its inhibition by rich growth media assay conditions. For that purpose a two-step microdilution assay protocol was developed, using non-growing conditions during initial peptide incubation. A diverse set of cyclotides was tested for antibacterial and antifungal activity, and the results show that most cyclotides are active under these conditions, especially against Gram-negative bacteria...
June 29, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668220/modulation-of-protein-function-in-membrane-mimetics-characterization-of-p-denitrificans-cnor-in-nanodiscs-or-liposomes
#19
Josy Ter Beek, Maximilian Kahle, Pia Ädelroth
For detailed functional characterization, membrane proteins are usually studied in detergent. However, it is becoming clear that detergent micelles are often poor mimics of the lipid environment in which these proteins function. In this work we compared the catalytic properties of the membrane-embedded cytochrome c-dependent nitric oxide reductase (cNOR) from Paracoccus (P.) denitrificans in detergent, lipid/protein nanodiscs, and proteoliposomes. We used two different lipid mixtures, an extract of soybean lipids and a defined mix of synthetic lipids mimicking the original P...
June 28, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667670/preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-isoniazid-and-rifampicin-loaded-archaeosomes
#20
Azade Attar, Ceren Bakir, Basak Yuce-Dursun, Serap Demir, Emrah Cakmakci, Ozkan Danis, Meral Birbir, Ayse Ogan
The ability of Archaea to adapt their membrane lipid compositions to extreme environments has brought in archaeosomes into consideration for the development of drug delivery systems overcoming the physical, biological blockades that the body exhibits against drug therapies. In this study, we prepared unilamellar archaeosomes, from the polar lipid fraction extracted from Haloarcula 2TK2 strain, and explored its potential as a drug delivery vehicle. Rifampicin and isoniazid which are conventional drugs in tuberculosis medication were loaded separately and together in the same archaeosome formulation for the benefits of the combined therapy...
July 1, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
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