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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333726/calcium-current-properties-in-dystrophin-deficient-ventricular-cardiomyocytes-from-aged-mdx-mice
#1
Lena Rubi, Hannes Todt, Helmut Kubista, Xaver Koenig, Karlheinz Hilber
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), caused by mutations in the gene encoding for the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin, is linked with severe cardiac complications including cardiomyopathy development and cardiac arrhythmias. We and others recently reported that currents through L-type calcium (Ca) channels were significantly increased, and channel inactivation was reduced in dystrophin-deficient ventricular cardiomyocytes derived from the mdx mouse, the most commonly used animal model for human DMD. These gain-of-function Ca channel abnormalities may enhance the risk of Ca-dependent arrhythmias and cellular Ca overload in the dystrophic heart...
January 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333637/increased-free-zn2-correlates-induction-of-sarco-endo-plasmic-reticulum-stress-via-altered-expression-levels-of-zn2-transporters-in-heart-failure
#2
Yusuf Olgar, Aysegul Durak, Erkan Tuncay, Ceylan Verda Bitirim, Evren Ozcinar, Mustafa Bahadir Inan, Zeynep Tokcaer-Keskin, Kamil Can Akcali, Ahmet Ruchan Akar, Belma Turan
Zn2+ -homoeostasis including free Zn2+ ([Zn2+ ]i ) is regulated through Zn2+ -transporters and their comprehensive understanding may be important due to their contributions to cardiac dysfunction. Herein, we aimed to examine a possible role of Zn2+ -transporters in the development of heart failure (HF) via induction of ER stress. We first showed localizations of ZIP8, ZIP14 and ZnT8 to both sarcolemma and S(E)R in ventricular cardiomyocytes (H9c2 cells) using confocal together with calculated Pearson's coefficients...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332923/heart-failure-as-an-aging-related-phenotype
#3
Hiroyuki Morita, Issei Komuro
The molecular pathophysiology of heart failure, which is one of the leading causes of mortality, is not yet fully understood. Heart failure can be regarded as a systemic syndrome of aging-related phenotypes. Wnt/β-catenin signaling and the p53 pathway, both of which are key regulators of aging, have been demonstrated to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Circulating C1q was identified as a novel activator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, promoting systemic aging-related phenotypes including sarcopenia and heart failure...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332211/testosterone-mediated-upregulation-of-delayed-rectifier-potassium-channel-in-cardiomyocytes-causes-abbreviation-of-qt-intervals-in-rats
#4
Kimiko Masuda, Hiroki Takanari, Masaki Morishima, FangFang Ma, Yan Wang, Naohiko Takahashi, Katsushige Ono
Men have shorter rate-corrected QT intervals (QTc) than women, especially at the period of adolescence or later. The aim of this study was to elucidate the long-term effects of testosterone on cardiac excitability parameters including electrocardiogram (ECG) and potassium channel current. Testosterone shortened QT intervals in ECG in castrated male rats, not immediately after, but on day 2 or later. Expression of Kv7.1 (KCNQ1) mRNA was significantly upregulated by testosterone in cardiomyocytes of male and female rats...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331959/probenecid-improves-cardiac-function-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-in-vivo-and-cardiomyocyte-calcium-sensitivity-in-vitro
#5
Nathan Robbins, Mark Gilbert, Mohit Kumar, James W McNamara, Patrick Daly, Sheryl E Koch, Ginger Conway, Mohamed Effat, Jessica G Woo, Sakthivel Sadayappan, Jack Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: Transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 is a calcium channel activated by probenecid. Probenecid is a Food and Drug Administration-approved uricosuric drug that has recently been shown to induce positive lusitropic and inotropic effects in animal models through cardiomyocyte transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 activation. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that oral probenecid can improve cardiac function and symptomatology in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and to further elucidate its calcium-dependent effects on myocyte contractility...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331788/curcumin-inhibits-cardiac-hypertrophy-and-improves-cardiovascular-function-via-enhanced-na-ca2-exchanger-expression-after-transverse-abdominal-aortic-constriction-in-rats
#6
Xiao-Jie Bai, Jun-Tao Hao, Jin Wang, Wei-Fang Zhang, Cai-Ping Yan, Jia-Hui Zhao, Zhi-Qing Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that inhibition of cardiac hypertrophy and preservation of cardiac/endothelial function by the natural yellow pigment curcumin are associated with upregulated expression of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) after transverse aortic constriction (TAC). METHODS: Male Wistar rats were subjected to TAC for 10 weeks and curcumin (50 mg/kg/day) was fed by gastric gavage during TAC. Expression of NCX and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was analyzed by Western blot and immunohistochemistry...
July 15, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331652/salinomycin-induces-primary-chicken-cardiomyocytes-death-via-mitochondria-mediated-apoptosis
#7
Xiuge Gao, Yani Zheng, Xiangchun Ruan, Hui Ji, Lin Peng, Dawei Guo, Shanxiang Jiang
Salinomycin, as a polyether ionophore antibiotic, is extensively used as a feed additive against coccidiosis in poultry and as a growth promoter of ruminants worldwide. Owing to its narrow therapeutic index, numerous intoxication have been reported in target/non-target animals by overdosage, misuse or drug interactions as well as human who consumed salinomycin accidently. Salinomycin-induced cardiotoxicity in chicken and non-target animals is considered as a major contributor to animal death. In the current study, we aim to elucidate the underlying mechanism of its myocardial toxicity using primary chicken myocardial cell as an in vitro model...
January 10, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331499/hspb7-is-a-cardioprotective-chaperone-facilitating-sarcomeric-proteostasis
#8
Emily J Mercer, Yi-Fan Lin, Leona Cohen-Gould, Todd Evans
Small heat shock proteins are chaperones with variable mechanisms of action. The function of cardiac family member Hspb7 is unknown, despite being identified through GWAS as a potential cardiomyopathy risk gene. We discovered that zebrafish hspb7 mutants display mild focal cardiac fibrosis and sarcomeric abnormalities. Significant mortality was observed in adult hspb7 mutants subjected to exercise stress, demonstrating a genetic and environmental interaction that determines disease outcome. We identified large sarcomeric proteins FilaminC and Titin as Hspb7 binding partners in cardiac cells...
January 10, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330880/concise-review-optimized-strategies-for-stem-cell-based-therapy-in-myocardial-repair-clinical-translatability-and-potential-limitation
#9
REVIEW
Rongrong Wu, Xinyang Hu, Jian'an Wang
Ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) remain major public health problems with high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite significant advances, current therapeutic approaches are unable to rescue the extensive and irreversible loss of cardiomyocytes caused by severe ischemia. Over the past 16 years, stem cell-based therapy has been recognized as an innovative strategy for cardiac repair/regeneration and functional recovery after IHDs. Although substantial preclinical animal studies using a variety of stem/progenitor cells have shown promising results, there is a tremendous degree of skepticism in the clinical community as many stem cell trials do not confer any beneficial effects...
January 13, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330351/the-vegfa165b-isoform-is-dysregulated-in-senescent-endothelial-cells-and-may-be-associated-with-prevalent-and-incident-coronary-heart-disease
#10
Eva Latorre, Luke C Pilling, Benjamin P Lee, Stefania Bandinelli, David Melzer, Luigi Ferrucci, Lorna W Harries
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity in the over 65s; over 40% of all deaths are due to this condition. The association between increasing age and CHD is well-documented; the accumulation of senescent cells in cardiac and vascular tissues may represent one factor underpinning this observation. We aimed to identify senescence-related expression changes in primary human senescent cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells and to relate transcript expression in peripheral blood leucocytes to prevalent and incident CHD in the InCHIANTI study of aging...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330215/mir-195-regulates-metabolism-in-failing-myocardium-via-alterations-in-sirt3-expression-and-mitochondrial-protein-acetylation
#11
Xiaokan Zhang, Ruiping Ji, Xianghai Liao, Estibaliz Castillero, Peter J Kennel, Danielle L Brunjes, Marcus Franz, Sven Möbius-Winkler, Konstantinos Drosatos, Isaac George, Emily I Chen, Paolo C Colombo, P Christian Schulze
Background -Heart failure (HF) leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolic abnormalities of the failing myocardium coupled with an energy-depleted state and cardiac remodeling. The mitochondrial deacetylase sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of mitochondrial function through regulating the mitochondrial acetylome. Interestingly, unique cardiac and systemic miRNAs have been shown to play an important role in cardiac remodeling by modulating key signaling elements in the myocardium...
January 12, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330131/response-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-to-several-pharmacological-agents-when-intrinsic-syncytial-pacing-is-overcome-by-acute-external-stimulation
#12
Haoyu Zeng, Bharathi Balasubramanian, Armando Lagrutta, Frederick Sannajust
We challenged human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte (hiPSC-CM) syncytia, mainly, CDI iCells with several classes of well-characterized pharmacological agents (including hERG blocker, Nav1.5 blocker, Cav1.2 blocker and opener, β-adrenergic agonist, and If blocker) under pacing conditions, utilizing the Cardio-ECR instrument, a non-invasive platform featuring simultaneous and continuous measurement of synchronized beating rate and contractility (both signals were acquired simultaneously and well aligned) ...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329959/mir-21-suppression-prevents-cardiac-alterations-induced-by-d-galactose-and-doxorubicin
#13
Yihua Bei, Xiaoting Wu, Dragos Cretoiu, Jing Shi, Qiulian Zhou, Shenghui Lin, Hui Wang, Yan Cheng, Haifeng Zhang, Junjie Xiao, Xinli Li
d-galactose (d-gal)-induced cardiac alterations and Doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiomyocyte senescence are commonly used models to study cardiac aging. Accumulating evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) are critically involved in the regulation of cellular and organismal aging and age-related diseases. However, little has been revealed about the roles of miRNAs in cardiac alterations induced by d-gal and Dox. In this study, we used miRNA arrays to investigate the dysregulated miRNAs in heart samples from 15month-old versus 2month-old male C57BL/6 mice and further validated them in d-gal-induced pseudo-aging mouse model and Dox-induced cardiomyocyte senescence in vitro model...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329811/cardioprotection-activity-and-mechanism-of-astragalus-polysaccharide-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#14
Debin Liu, Lei Chen, Jianye Zhao, Kang Cui
Astragalus polysaccharides (ASP) is extracted from Astragalus, and is the main active ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effect of ASP on rat cardiomyocytes damage induced by myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury (MVRI) and isoprenaline(ISO) in vivo and in vitro. The model of cardiomyocytes damage was induced using MVRI in a rat in vivo and also using ISO in cell. After ASP intervention, the protective effect of ASP on cardiomyocytes was evaluated by animal experimental and cell experimental...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329779/receptor-and-cellular-compartment-specific-activation-of-the-camp-pka-pathway-by-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-and-eta-endothelin-receptors
#15
Ryan D Martin, Yalin Sun, Kyla Bourque, Nicolas Audet, Asuka Inoue, Jason C Tanny, Terence E Hébert
The signaling functions of many G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) expressed in the myocardium are incompletely understood. Among these are the endothelin receptor (ETR) family and α1-adrenergic receptor (α1-AR), which are thought to couple to the G protein Gαq. In this study, we used transcriptome analysis to compare the signaling networks downstream of these receptors in primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. This analysis indicated increased expression of target genes of cAMP responsive element modulator (CREM) after 24 h treatment with the α1-AR agonist phenylephrine, but not the ETR agonist endothelin-1, suggesting a specific role for the α1-AR in promoting cAMP production in cardiomyocytes...
January 9, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328456/p21-protects-cardiomyocytes-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibiting-oxidative-stress
#16
Hong Li, Tong Zou, Shuai Meng, Yun-Zhu Peng, Jie-Fu Yang
Ischemic heart disease is a major health threat, resulting in a large number of mortalities annually worldwide. Oxidative stress is one of the main causes of cell death during ischemia‑reperfusion (IR) injury. Cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (known as p21) is important in protecting tissues against IR injury, however the mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, oxygen‑glucose deprivation and subsequent reoxygenation (OGD/R) in H9c2 heart‑derived myocytes was used as a model to study myocardial IR injury in vitro...
January 5, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328450/mybl2-protects-against-h9c2-injury-induced-by-hypoxia-via-akt-and-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#17
Mingfeng Shao, Zexiang Ren, Rongjun Zhang
Cardiovascular diseases have become one of the major public health problems in many countries. The downregulation of MYBL2 was found in H9c2 and native cardiomyocytes cells after hypoxia treatment. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of MYB proto‑oncogene like 2 (MYBL2) on H9c2 injury induced by hypoxia. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot were performed on H9c2 cells to determine the mRNA and protein levels of MYBL2, respectively. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was employed to downregulate MYBL2 expression in H9c2 cells to investigate changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328437/reduced-mitochondrial-response-sensitivity-is-involved-in-the-anti%C3%A2-apoptotic-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-pretreatment-in-cardiomyocytes
#18
Xiaojian Weng, Xiaodan Zhang, Xiaofei Lu, Jin Wu, Shitong Li
Dexmedetomidine is a commonly used α2-adreno-ceptor agonist, which affects various organs, including providing beneficial effects on the heart. However, the mechanism underlying the cardiac benefit remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, it was demonstrated that dexmedetomidine pretreatment on primary cultured rat cardiomyocytes protected against reactive oxygen species (ROS)‑induced apoptosis. In terms of the potential mechanism, it was demonstrated that dexmedetomidine inhibited mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial respiratory complexes, but with increased coupling efficiency...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328405/liraglutide-repairs-the-infarcted-heart-the-role-of-the-sirt1-parkin-mitophagy-pathway
#19
Huiying Qiao, Haiyan Ren, He Du, Minfang Zhang, Xiaofang Xiong, Rong Lv
Liraglutide is glucagon‑like peptide‑1 receptor agonist used for treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The present study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of liraglutide in repairing the infarcted heart following myocardial infarction. The results of the present study demonstrated that amplification of the dose of liraglutide for ~28 days was able to reduce cardiac fibrosis, inflammatory responses and myocardial death in the post‑infarcted heart. In vitro, liraglutide protected cardiomyocyte mitochondria against the chronic hypoxic damage, inhibiting the mitochondrial apoptosis pathways...
January 2, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328382/propofol-postconditioning-protects-h9c2-cells-from-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-by-inducing-autophagy-via-the-sapk-jnk-pathway
#20
Hao Li, Xuan Zhang, Jian Tan, Li Sun, Long-He Xu, Yu-Ge Jiang, Jing-Sheng Lou, Xue-Yin Shi, Wei-Dong Mi
Propofol postconditioning (P‑PostC) offers cardioprotection in mice, and the upregulation of autophagy protects cardiac cells against ischemia/reperfusion injury. The present study aimed to examine the effects of P‑PostC on the induction of autophagy and its potential roles in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Rat heart‑derived H9c2 cells were exposed to H/R, comprising 6 h of hypoxia followed by 4 h of reoxygenation, as well as postconditioning with various concentrations of propofol at the onset of reperfusion...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
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