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AHA Guideline

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899853/four-statin-benefit-groups-defined-by-the-2013-acc-aha-new-cholesterol-guideline-are-characterized-by-increased-plasma-level-of-electronegative-low-density-lipoprotein
#1
Chih-Sheng Chu, Liang-Yin Ke, Hua-Chen Chan, Hsiu-Chua Chan, Chih-Chieh Chen, Kai-Hung Cheng, Hsiang-Chun Lee, Hsuan-Fu Kuo, Ching-Tang Chang, Kuan-Cheng Chang, Sheng-Hsiung Sheu, Chu-Huang Chen, Wen-Ter Lai
BACKGROUND: Significantly higher cytotoxic and thrombogenic human electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or L5, has been found in patients with stable coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome. We hypothesized that the statin-benefit groups (SBGs) defined by the new cholesterol guideline were of higher electronegative L5. METHODS: In total, 62 hyperlipidemia patients (mean age 59.4 ± 10.5, M/F 40/22) were retrospectively divided into SBGs (n = 44) and N-SBGs (n = 18)...
November 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895029/correction-to-recommended-dietary-pattern-to-achieve-adherence-to-the-american-heart-association-american-college-of-cardiology-aha-acc-guidelines-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882326/ventricular-fibrillation-induced-cardiac-arrest-results-in-regional-cardiac-injury-preferentially-in-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery-territory-in-piglet-model
#3
Giridhar Kaliki Venkata, John R Forder, Dan Clark, Andre Shih, Sharda Udassi, Srinivasarao Badugu, Melissa A Lamb, Stacy L Porvasnik, Renata S Shih, Dalia Colon-Lopez, Arno L Zaritsky, Ikram U Haque, Jai P Udassi
Objective. Decreased cardiac function after resuscitation from cardiac arrest (CA) results from global ischemia of the myocardium. In the evolution of postarrest myocardial dysfunction, preferential involvement of any coronary arterial territory is not known. We hypothesized that there is no preferential involvement of any coronary artery during electrical induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) in piglet model. Design. Prospective, randomized controlled study. Methods. 12 piglets were randomized to baseline and electrical induced VF...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873499/assessment-of-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-for-statin-treatment-strategy-according-to-acc-aha-guidelines-in-asymptomatic-korean-adults
#4
Donghee Han, Bríain Ó Hartaigh, Ji Hyun Lee, Asim Rizvi, Hyo Eun Park, Su Yeon Choi, Jidong Sung, Hyuk Jae Chang
PURPOSE: The 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol management guidelines advocate the use of statin treatment for prevention of cardiovascular disease. We aimed to assess the usefulness of coronary artery calcium (CAC) for stratifying potential candidates of statin use among asymptomatic Korean individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31375 subjects who underwent CAC scoring as part of a general health examination were enrolled in the current study...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867524/varying-effects-of-recommended-treatments-for-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-esc-and-accf-aha-guidelines
#5
REVIEW
Marius Mark Thomsen, Christian Lewinter, Lars Køber
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the treatment effects of recommended drugs and devices on key clinical outcomes for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) listed in the 2012 HF guideline from the European Society of Cardiology as well as the 2013 HF guideline from the American College of Cardiology Foundation and American Heart Association were evaluated for use in the meta-analysis. RCTs written in English evaluating recommended drugs and devices for the treatment of patients with HFREF were included...
December 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865674/does-anemia-affect-the-predictive-ability-of-bleeding-risk-scores-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#6
Alberto Garay, Albert Ariza-Solé, Francesc Formiga, Victoria Lorente, José C Sánchez-Salado, Joel Salazar-Mendiguchía, Gerard Roura, Guillem Muntané, Oriol Alegre, Lara Fuentes, Joan A Gómez-Hospital, Angel Cequier
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Anemia is a common comorbidity in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and is associated with higher risk for both bleeding and ischemic complications. We aimed to assess the predictive ability of bleeding risk scores (Can Rapid risk stratification of Unstable angina patients Suppress ADverse outcomes with Early implementation of the ACC/AHA guidelines [CRUSADE], Mehran and Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network [ACTION]) in ACS patients with anemia...
November 16, 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865193/different-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-severe-aortic-stenosis-according-to-the-stage-classification-does-the-aortic-valve-area-matter
#7
Takeshi Kitai, Tomohiko Taniguchi, Takeshi Morimoto, Toshiaki Toyota, Chisato Izumi, Shuichiro Kaji, Kitae Kim, Naritatsu Saito, Kazuya Nagao, Tsukasa Inada, Eri Minamino-Muta, Takao Kato, Moriaki Inoko, Katsuhisa Ishii, Tadaaki Koyama, Ryuzo Sakata, Yutaka Furukawa, Takeshi Kimura
BACKGROUND: The ACC/AHA guidelines introduced a new classification of severe aortic stenosis (AS) mainly based on maximum jet velocity (Vmax) and mean pressure gradient (mPG), but not on aortic valve area (AVA). However, prognostic value of this new classification has not yet been fully evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1512 patients with asymptomatic severe AS enrolled in the CURRENT AS registry in whom surgery was not initially planned. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Group 1 (N=122) comprised patients who met the recommendation for surgery; high-gradient (HG)-AS (Vmax≥4...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864237/effect-of-selected-clinical-trial-publication-on-adjunctive-nonstatin-medication-prescribing-in-the-veterans-health-administration-system
#8
Krystal S Titus-Rains, Matthew A Cantrell, Jason A Egge, Bruce Alexander, Robert F Shaw, Tami R Argo
PURPOSE: The question of whether publication of selected clinical trials is temporally followed by changes in prescribing of adjunctive lipid-lowering medications was evaluated. METHODS: In this retrospective preanalysis and postanalysis, Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients 18 years or older who received a new or renewed order for any lipid-lowering medication between April 2, 2004, and September 2, 2014, were included. This period was chosen based on the publication dates of three trials investigating the efficacy of nonstatin medications: Simvastatin with or without Ezetimibe in Familial Hypercholesterolemia (ENHANCE, April 3, 2008), Effects of Combination Lipid Therapy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (ACCORD Lipid, March 14, 2010), and Niacin in Patients with Low HDL Cholesterol Levels Receiving Intensive Statin Therapy (AIM-HIGH, December 15, 2011)...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864236/evaluation-of-adherence-to-current-guidelines-for-treatment-of-hyperlipidemia-in-adults-in-an-outpatient-setting
#9
Christina Ng, Philip Chung, Yuliana Toderika, Angela Cheng-Lai
PURPOSE: Adherence to the 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol guideline at an outpatient clinic was evaluated. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study was conducted from December 1, 2013, through November 30, 2014, at an urban outpatient clinic. Estimated 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk was calculated based on the pooled cohort equation for all patients. Patients were categorized into one of four statin-benefit groups, in descending order of ASCVD risk...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863362/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-tools-and-their-guidelines-in-evaluation-of-10-year-cvd-risk-and-preventive-recommendations-a-population-based-study
#10
Nima Motamed, Behnam Rabiee, Dhaya Perumal, Hossein Poustchi, Seyed Javad Haji Miresmail, Behzad Farahani, Mansooreh Maadi, Fatemeh Sima Saeedian, Hossein Ajdarkosh, Mahmood Reza Khonsari, Gholam Reza Hemasi, Farhad Zamani
BACKGROUND: Identification of individuals at risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) results in better clinical outcomes and may help policy makers in conscious decision making for community based and national intervention strategies. The main aim of this study was to compare various CVD risk assessment tools and their related guidelines in estimation of 10-year CVD risk and subsequent therapeutic recommendations, respectively. METHODS: Data of 3086 subjects aged 40-74years from a cohort study of northern Iran were utilized in this cross-sectional study...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863354/contrast-media-use-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-coronary-angiography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#11
Bhavi Pandya, Jean Chaloub, Valay Parikh, Sainath Gaddam, Jonathan Spagnola, Suzanne El-Sayegh, Marc Bogin, Ruben Kandov, James Lafferty, Sripal Bangalore
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing coronary angiography (CA), adequate hydration and minimizing volume of contrast media (CM) are class 1b recommendations for preventing contrast induced nephropathy (CIN). Current data are insufficient to justify specific recommendations about isoosmolar vs. low-osmolar contrast media by the ACCF/AHA/SCAI guidelines. METHODS: Randomized trials comparing IOCM to LOCM in CKD stage 3 and above patients undergoing CA, and reporting incidence of CIN (defined by a rise in creatinine of 25% from baseline) were included in the analysis...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859433/guideline-based-statin-lipid-lowering-therapy-eligibility-for-primary-prevention-and-accuracy-of-coronary-artery-calcium-and-clinical-cardiovascular-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#12
Peter Flueckiger, Waqas Qureshi, Erin D Michos, Michael Blaha, Gregory Burke, Veit Sandfort, David Herrington, Joseph Yeboah
BACKGROUND: With multiple cholesterol guidelines, we evaluated the accuracy of recommended statin therapy on identifying coronary artery calcium (CAC) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events by 2004 NCEP/ ATP III, 2016 ESC/EAS, and 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines. HYPOTHESIS: ACC/AHA guidelines are more accurate in identifying persons at risk for CVD. METHODS: 5002/6814 participants age <75 years and free of CVD were included. CAC categories (>0, ≥100, and ≥300) and 10 years of CVD outcomes were considered...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851992/2016-aha-acc-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#13
Marie D Gerhard-Herman, Heather L Gornik, Coletta Barrett, Neal R Barshes, Matthew A Corriere, Douglas E Drachman, Lee A Fleisher, Francis Gerry R Fowkes, Naomi M Hamburg, Scott Kinlay, Robert Lookstein, Sanjay Misra, Leila Mureebe, Jeffrey W Olin, Rajan A G Patel, Judith G Regensteiner, Andres Schanzer, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Kerry J Stewart, Diane Treat-Jacobson, M Eileen Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851991/2016-aha-acc-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-executive-summary-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#14
Marie D Gerhard-Herman, Heather L Gornik, Coletta Barrett, Neal R Barshes, Matthew A Corriere, Douglas E Drachman, Lee A Fleisher, Francis Gerry R Fowkes, Naomi M Hamburg, Scott Kinlay, Robert Lookstein, Sanjay Misra, Leila Mureebe, Jeffrey W Olin, Rajan A G Patel, Judith G Regensteiner, Andres Schanzer, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Kerry J Stewart, Diane Treat-Jacobson, M Eileen Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828870/association-of-chronic-kidney-disease-with-periprocedural-myocardial-injury-after-elective-stent-implantation-a-single-center-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Helena Jerkic, Tomislav Letilovic, Mario Stipinovic, Darko Pocanic, Jasmina Catic, Mladen Knotek
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may have more ischemic events than patients without CKD. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) after elective stent implantation in patients with CKD using the Third Joint ESC/ACCF/AHA/WHF PMI definition.In a single center prospective cohort study, we enrolled 344 consecutive patients who underwent elective PCI in a period of 39 months...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825770/estimating-longitudinal-risks-and-benefits-from-cardiovascular-preventive-therapies-among-medicare-patients-the-million-hearts-longitudinal-ascvd-risk-assessment-tool
#16
Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Mark D Huffman, Kunal N Karmali, Darshak M Sanghavi, Janet S Wright, Colleen Pelser, Martha Gulati, Frederick A Masoudi, David C Goff
The Million Hearts Initiative has a goal of preventing 1 million heart attacks and strokes-the leading causes of mortality-through several public health and healthcare strategies by 2017. The American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology support the program. The Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Model was developed by Million Hearts and the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services as a strategy to asses a value-based payment approach toward reduction in 10-year predicted risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by implementing cardiovascular preventive strategies to manage the "ABCS" (aspirin therapy in appropriate patients, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822623/-esc-and-aha-guidelines-2015-on-endocarditis-in-competition-or-synchrony
#17
Bernhard Maisch
In the 2015 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) on infective endocarditis, the diagnostics are based on the modified Duke criteria. The diagnosis can be confirmed by a combination of micro-organisms demonstrated in culture or in situ, with the detection of valvular lesions or abscess formation by an imaging modality using echocardiography, positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT), cardio-CT or nuclear medical methods. The management should be further improved by an interdisciplinary endocarditis team in a specifically designated reference center...
November 7, 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815375/estimating-longitudinal-risks-and-benefits-from-cardiovascular-preventive-therapies-among-medicare-patients-the-million-hearts-longitudinal-ascvd-risk-assessment-tool-a-special-report-from-the-american-heart-association-and-american-college-of-cardiology
#18
Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Mark D Huffman, Kunal N Karmali, Darshak M Sanghavi, Janet S Wright, Colleen Pelser, Martha Gulati, Frederick A Masoudi, David C Goff
The Million Hearts Initiative has a goal of preventing 1 million heart attacks and strokes-the leading causes of mortality-through several public health and healthcare strategies by 2017. The American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology support the program. The Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Model was developed by Million Hearts and the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services as a strategy to asses a value-based payment approach toward reduction in 10-year predicted risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by implementing cardiovascular preventive strategies to manage the "ABCS" (aspirin therapy in appropriate patients, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation)...
November 4, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789558/recommended-dietary-pattern-to-achieve-adherence-to-the-american-heart-association-american-college-of-cardiology-aha-acc-guidelines-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#19
Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Lawrence J Appel, Lora E Burke, Christina Economos, Wahida Karmally, Kristie Lancaster, Alice H Lichtenstein, Rachel K Johnson, Randal J Thomas, Miriam Vos, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Penny Kris-Etherton
In 2013, the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology published the "Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk," which was based on a systematic review originally initiated by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The guideline supports the American Heart Association's 2020 Strategic Impact Goals for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction by providing more specific details for adopting evidence-based diet and lifestyle behaviors to achieve those goals...
October 27, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784010/clinical-application-of-biomarkers-in-heart-failure-with-a-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-review
#20
Aakash Garg, Deepti Virmani, Sahil Agrawal, Chirag Agarwal, Abhishek Sharma, Giulio Stefanini, John B Kostis
Heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is increasingly prevalent and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. HFpEF has a complex pathophysiology, with recent evidence suggesting that an interaction of cardiovascular and noncardiovascular comorbidities (e.g. obesity, hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, and chronic kidney disease) induces an inflammatory state that eventually leads to myocardial structural and functional alterations. Current ACCF/AHA guidelines suggest incorporation of biomarkers along with clinical and imaging tools to establish the diagnosis and disease severity in heart failure (HF)...
October 27, 2016: Cardiology
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