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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106151/obesity-assessing-the-long-term-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents
#1
Claire Greenhill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103594/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-prevalence-and-correlates-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Friedrich Nielsen, Ekaterini Georgiadou, Merle Bartsch, Svenja Langenberg, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows an association between obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study compares pre- and post-bariatric surgery patients using the internationally used Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS™) to screen for ADHD. METHODS: Matched samples pre- (N = 120) and post-bariatric surgery (N = 128) were compared using self-rating instruments to assess ADHD-relevant symptomatology, depression, eating-related psychopathology, and BMI...
January 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101844/prediction-of-diabetes-remission-at-long-term-following-biliopancreatic-diversion
#3
Nicola Scopinaro, Gian Franco Adami, Paolo Bruzzi, Renzo Cordera
IMPORTANCE: In obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), the marked weight loss following bariatric surgery is accompanied in a consistent number of cases by T2DM resolution or control. The clinical need of preoperative parameters reliable in predicting a positive metabolic outcome at long term following the operation has then emerged. OBSERVATION: A cohort of 135 consecutive T2DM patients with a wide range of body mass index (BMI) at more than 5 years following biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) was considered...
January 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101792/medical-management-of-diabesity-do-we-have-realistic-targets
#4
REVIEW
Joseph M Pappachan, Ananth K Viswanath
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The global prevalence of "diabesity"-diabetes related to obesity-is increasing steadily over the past few decades because of the obesity epidemic. Although bariatric surgery is an effective treatment option for patients with diabesity, its limited availability, invasiveness, relatively high costs and the potential for surgical and postsurgical complications restrict its widespread use. Therefore, medical management is the only option for a majority of patients with diabesity...
January 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089592/stapleless-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-preliminary-report
#5
Jose Luis Leyba, Salvador Navarrete Llopis, Salvador Navarrete Aulestia, Ricardo Ochoa, Eliana Azuaje
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as a single-stage procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity is becoming increasingly popular. In undeveloped countries, the linear staples required to create the sleeve are not always available because of their high cost. As an alternative to the staples, the bipolar vessel sealer device could be used in bariatric surgery to divide and temporarily seal the stomach. SETTINGS: Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela...
December 7, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089437/systems-innovation-model-an-integrated-interdisciplinary-team-approach-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-at-a-veterans-affairs-va-medical-center
#6
Dan Eisenberg, Jessica A Lohnberg, Eric P Kubat, Cheryl C Bates, Lauren M Greenberg, Susan M Frayne
BACKGROUND: Provision of bariatric surgery in the Veterans Health Administration must account for obese veterans' co-morbidity burden and the geographically dispersed location of patients relative to Veterans Affairs (VA) bariatric centers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a collaborative, integrated, interdisciplinary bariatric team of surgeons, bariatricians, psychologists, dieticians, and physical therapists working in a hub-and-spokes care model, for pre- and post-bariatric surgery assessment and management...
November 15, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087357/early-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-urogenital-function-in-morbidly-obese-men
#7
Maha Aleid, Asif Muneer, Sara Renshaw, Jason George, Andrew D Jenkinson, Marco Adamo, Mohamed Elkalaawy, Rachel Batterham, David J Ralph, Majid Hashemi, Selim Cellek
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an independent risk factor for erectile dysfunction (ED) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Bariatric surgery has been shown to improve erectile function and urinary symptoms in medium- to long-term studies (3- to 12-month postoperative follow-up). AIM: To investigate the early effect (1 month postoperatively) of bariatric surgery on ED and LUTS, which has not previously been investigated. METHODS: Morbidly obese men (body mass index > 35 kg/m(2)) undergoing bariatric surgery were asked to complete the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaires before surgery and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079242/application-of-baros-questionnaire-in-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-with-2-years-of-evolution
#8
Caetano de Queiroz, José Afonso Sallet, Pedro Gabriel Melo DE Barros E Silva, Luzia da Gloria Pereira de Sousa Queiroz, Jélis Arenas Pimentel, Paulo Clemente Sallet
BACKGROUND: -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera-tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077412/microvascular-outcomes-after-metabolic-surgery-moms-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-class-i-obesity-rationale-and-design-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Ricardo Vitor Cohen, Tiago Veiga Pereira, Cristina Mamédio Aboud, Pedro Paulo de Paris Caravatto, Tarissa Beatrice Zanata Petry, José Luis Lopes Correa, Carlos Aurélio Schiavon, Mariangela Correa, Carlos Eduardo Pompílio, Fernando Nogueira Quirino Pechy, Carel le Roux
INTRODUCTION: There are several randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that have already shown that metabolic/bariatric surgery achieves short-term and long-term glycaemic control while there are no level 1A of evidence data regarding the effects of surgery on the microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PURPOSE: The aim of this trial is to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) plus the best medical treatment (BMT) versus the BMT alone to improve microvascular outcomes in patients with T2DM with a body mass index (BMI) of 30-34...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076240/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-gout-incidence-in-the-swedish-obese-subjects-study-a-non-randomised-prospective-controlled-intervention-trial
#10
Cristina Maglio, Markku Peltonen, Martin Neovius, Peter Jacobson, Lennart Jacobsson, Anna Rudin, Lena M S Carlsson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term effect of bariatric surgery on the incidence of gout and hyperuricaemia in participants of the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study. METHODS: This report includes 1982 subjects who underwent bariatric surgery and 1999 obese controls from the SOS study, a prospective intervention trial designed to assess the effect of bariatric surgery compared with conventional treatment. None of the subjects had gout at baseline. An endpoint on gout incidence was created based on information on gout diagnosis and use of gout medications through national registers and questionnaires...
October 8, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070477/the-longitudinal-trajectory-of-post-surgical-total-weight-loss-among-middle-aged-women-who-had-undergone-bariatric-surgery
#11
Dong-Chul Seo, Chung Gun Lee, Mohammad R Torabi, David K Lohrmann
Middle-aged women are at a higher risk of being obese. We examined the trajectory of post-surgical % total weight loss (%TWL) among middle-aged female bariatric patients. We fitted sequential generalized estimating equations models to analyze a sample of women who received bariatric surgery in 1995-2012, aged 40-65 years at the time of surgery (N = 158,292) whose pre-operative body mass index (BMI) was ≥ 30 kg/m(2) in the Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database. The %TWL computed by 100% × (pre-surgery BMI - post-surgery BMI) / pre-surgery BMI showed different trajectories depending on type of surgery...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065827/gastric-bypass-surgery-recruits-a-gut-ppar-%C3%AE-striatal-d1r-pathway-to-reduce-fat-appetite-in-obese-rats
#12
Mohammed K Hankir, Florian Seyfried, Constantin A Hintschich, Thi-Ai Diep, Karen Kleberg, Mathias Kranz, Winnie Deuther-Conrad, Luis A Tellez, Michael Rullmann, Marianne Patt, Jens Teichert, Swen Hesse, Osama Sabri, Peter Brust, Harald S Hansen, Ivan E de Araujo, Ute Krügel, Wiebke K Fenske
Bariatric surgery remains the single most effective long-term treatment modality for morbid obesity, achieved mainly by lowering caloric intake through as yet ill-defined mechanisms. Here we show in rats that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)-like rerouting of ingested fat mobilizes lower small intestine production of the fat-satiety molecule oleoylethanolamide (OEA). This was associated with vagus nerve-driven increases in dorsal striatal dopamine release. We also demonstrate that RYGB upregulates striatal dopamine 1 receptor (D1R) expression specifically under high-fat diet feeding conditions...
January 2, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065736/long-term-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-fabs-5-a-prospective-follow-up-analysis
#13
Thomas H Inge, Todd M Jenkins, Stavra A Xanthakos, John B Dixon, Stephen R Daniels, Meg H Zeller, Michael A Helmrath
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery for severe adolescent obesity, raising questions about the durability of early responses to surgery. We aimed to analyse long-term (>5 years) outcomes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a cohort of young adults who had undergone the operation during adolescence, in the Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at 5 Plus Years (FABS-5+) extension study. METHODS: A cohort of young people aged 13-21 years underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for clinically severe obesity at a paediatric academic medical centre in the USA...
January 5, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065734/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-amos-a-prospective-5-year-swedish-nationwide-study
#14
Torsten Olbers, Andrew J Beamish, Eva Gronowitz, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Jovanna Dahlgren, Gustaf Bruze, Kerstin Ekbom, Peter Friberg, Gunnar Göthberg, Kajsa Järvholm, Jan Karlsson, Staffan Mårild, Martin Neovius, Markku Peltonen, Claude Marcus
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity in adolescence is associated with reduced life expectancy and impaired quality of life. Long-term benefits of conservative treatments in adolescents are known to be modest, whereas short-term outcomes of adolescent bariatric surgery are promising. We aimed to compare 5-year outcomes of adolescent surgical patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with those of conservatively treated adolescents and of adults undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in the Adolescent Morbid Obesity Surgery (AMOS) study...
January 5, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065514/review-of-childhood-obesity-from-epidemiology-etiology-and-comorbidities-to-clinical-assessment-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Seema Kumar, Aaron S Kelly
Childhood obesity has emerged as an important public health problem in the United States and other countries in the world. Currently 1 in 3 children in the United States is afflicted with overweight or obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is associated with emergence of comorbidities previously considered to be "adult" diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and dyslipidemia. The most common cause of obesity in children is a positive energy balance due to caloric intake in excess of caloric expenditure combined with a genetic predisposition for weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061687/new-targets-for-drug-treatment-of-obesity
#16
Georgios Valsamakis, Panagiota Konstantakou, George Mastorakos
Antiobesity medical management has shown unsatisfactory results to date in terms of efficacy, safety, and long-term maintenance of weight loss. This poor performance could be attributed to the complexity of appetite regulation mechanisms; the serious drug side effects; and, crucially, the lack of profile-matching treatment strategies and individualized, multidisciplinary follow-up. Nevertheless, antiobesity pharmacotherapy remains a challenging, exciting field of intensive scientific interest. According to the latest studies, the future of bariatric medicine lies in developing drugs acting at multiple levels of the brain-gut axis...
January 6, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054293/comparison-of-the-effect-of-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-a-cohort-tehran-obesity-treatment-study-tots
#17
Maryam Barzin, Mohammad Ali Kalantar Motamedi, Sara Serahati, Alireza Khalaj, Peyman Arian, Majid Valizadeh, Davood Khalili, Fereidoun Azizi, Farhad Hosseinpanah
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a prevalent counterpart of morbid obesity. With the surgical technique of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) gaining widespread acceptance for weight loss in morbid obese patients, we aimed to undertake a study to compare its effectiveness to gastric bypass (GB) for metabolic control in these patients. METHODS: A total of 425 patients from a prospectively collected database of morbid obese subjects between 18 and 65 years of age undergoing a primary bariatric procedure from March 2013 to September 2015 were included...
January 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035521/postoperative-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery-in-older-obese-patients-a-matched-case-control-study
#18
Damien Bergeat, David Lechaux, Adil Ghaina, Ronan Thibault, Vianney Bouygues
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic bariatric surgery (LBS) in older obese patients remains debated regarding postoperative outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this case-control study is to evaluate global results of LBS in patients ≥60 years (yr) with a matched case control study. METHODS: All patients ≥60 years who benefited from LBS in our center between January 2009 and January 2014 were included in this retrospective study. They were matched (1:2) to patients <40 and 40-59 years on BMI, surgical procedure and year, and history of previous LBS...
December 29, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034515/-splenic-late-infarction-after-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-a-case-report
#19
Víctor Soriano-Giménez, David Ruiz de Angulo-Martín, Vicente Munítiz-Ruiz, María de Los Ángeles Ortiz-Escandell, Luisa Fernanda Martínez-de Haro, Pascual Parrilla-Paricio
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic gastrectomy has emerged in recent years as an effective technique for the treatment of morbid obesity due to low mortality morbidity rates. Its complications include dehiscence suture line, and others such as splenic infarction. We discuss a case of splenic infarction after laparoscopic gastrectomy. CLINICAL CASE: 45 year old male with a BMI of 37.8 kg/m(2), diabetes-II for 15 years, the last five in treatment with insulin, a fasting blood glucose around 140mg/dl, HbA1c of 7...
December 26, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029083/psychopathological-behaviour-and-cognition-in-morbid-obesity
#20
Alba Calderone, Pasquale Fabio Calabrò, Chita Lippi, Roberta Jaccheri, Jacopo Vitti, Ferruccio Santini
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic condition with high prevalence and multifaceted aetiology, accompanied by an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Obesity has several negative effects on the psychological status, and the severity of psychological disorders correlates with the degree of obesity. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this review is to provide an overview of the literature concerning the psychological distress associated with severe obesity, which contributes to deterioration of the quality of life of affected patients...
December 26, 2016: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
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