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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933504/mental-health-support-provided-throughout-the-bariatric-surgery-clinical-pathway-in-french-specialized-care-centers-for-obesity
#1
Kristopher Lamore, Sandra S Kaci, Sébastien Czernichow, Marion Bretault, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Sandra Gribe-Ouaknine, Claire Carette, Cécile Flahault
OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative psychological assessment is recommended by international guidelines for bariatric surgery candidates. Thereby, service teams caring for bariatric patients should include at least one mental health provider (e.g., a psychologist or psychiatrist). The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychology and psychiatry resources and practices in the 37 specialized obesity centers (CSOs) created by the French Ministry of Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CSO coordinators were contacted by e-mail to collect general information on the centers (e...
December 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930509/current-challenges-in-providing-bariatric-surgery-in-france-a-nationwide-study
#2
Sébastien Czernichow, Michel Paita, David Nocca, Simon Msika, Arnaud Basdevant, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-Campagna
Bariatric surgery is a well-accepted procedure for severe and massive obesity management. We aimed to determine trends, geographical variations, and factors influencing bariatric surgery and the choice of procedure in France in a large observational study.The Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers (Caisse National Assurance Maladie Travailleurs Salariés) covers about 86% of the French population. The Système National d'Information Inter-régimes de l'Assurance Maladie database contains individualized and anonymized patient data on all reimbursements for healthcare expenditure...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927032/emerging-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-obesity
#3
Christoffer Martinussen, Kirstine Nyvold Bojsen-Moller, Maria Saur Svane, Thomas Fremming Dejgaard, Sten Madsbad
The increasing prevalence of obesity represents a huge threat to public health and the current pharmacological treatment options are limited. Bariatric surgery is by far the most effective treatment for severe obesity, highlighting the urgent need for new and improved drug therapies. Areas covered: Based on the physiological regulation of energy homeostasis, pharmacological strategies to treat obesity are evaluated with focus on drugs in phase 2 and 3 clinical development. The potential impact of these drugs on current treatment standards and the barriers for development are discussed and set in a historical perspective of previous anti-obesity medications...
December 7, 2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921423/-bariatric-surgeries-at-diabetic-patients
#4
Martin Haluzík
A worldwide increase in the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus along with accompanying chronic, in particular cardiovascular, complications represents one of the leading challenges of current medicine. Despite major advances in diabetes pharmacotherapy, bariatric surgery remains the most effective treatment of diabetes. It not only markedly decreases body weight and improves glucose control but also induces diabetes remission in a significant percentage of patients. According to current recommendations, bariatric surgery is indicated in patients with 3rd degree obesity (even without any complications) or with 2nd degree obesity with complications (e...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921198/-metabolic-surgery-or-conservative-measures-as-therapy-of-obese-type%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-diabetics
#5
REVIEW
Udo Jahn, Thomas Schubert, Sibylle Schlepp, Heinz Jürgen Deuber
After bariatric surgery there are some favourable effects on comorbidities of obesity as glucose and lipid metabolism besides weight loss. Therefore surgical measures targeting at improvement of such metabolic disorders especially diabetes type 2 has been called "metabolic surgery". The complexity of its underlying metabolic mechanisms is not yet clear, but restriction of energy and weight loss (maintenance) seem to be the cornerstones.Risks of these procedures which are drawn of the established methods of bariatric surgery are reported to be relatively low in qualified centers...
December 5, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921048/surgical-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Norbert Runkel, Rainer Brydniak
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is gastrointestinal surgery for weight control, and metabolic surgery refers to the use of surgery to primarily and purposely treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)/metabolic syndrome mellitus. METHODS: The most recent literature was reviewed for surgery and T2DM in a non-systematic fashion. RESULTS: Roux-Y gastric bypass, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the dominant procedures today...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919836/concomitant-hiatal-hernia-repair-with-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-is-safe-analysis-of-the-acs-nsqip-database
#7
Hanaa N Dakour Aridi, Hani Tamim, Aurelie Mailhac, Bassem Y Safadi
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal acid reflux disease (GERD) is prevalent after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), a common bariatric surgical procedure worldwide. Some studies have suggested that concomitant hiatal hernia repair (HHR) during LSG reduces the risk of GERD, but this has not been substantiated. Little is known about the safety of adding an HHR in this setting. The present study aims to compare 30-day morbidity and mortality and length of hospital stay between patients undergoing LSG alone and those undergoing LSG with HHR...
October 5, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909875/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-why-biliary-reflux-remains-controversial
#8
Matthieu Bruzzi, Jean-Marc Chevallier, Sébastien Czernichow
One-anastomosis gastric bypass is an alternative to the "gold-standard" Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. This technique appears to be safe and efficient, but controversy remains regarding the long-term theoretical risk of subsequent biliary reflux and its possible complications, such as cancer. The aim of the present narrative review was to summarize some of the current thoughts on biliary reflux. Research has established that exposure to chronic bile reflux in humans and rats (outside the "bariatric surgery" box) induce esophageal intestinal metaplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma...
December 1, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903153/management-of-obesity
#9
Naji Alamuddin, Zayna Bakizada, Thomas A Wadden
This review examines weight loss and accompanying improvements in obesity-related comorbidities produced by intensive lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Obese individuals lose approximately 6 to 8 kg (approximately 6% to 8% of initial weight) with 6 months of participation in a high-intensity lifestyle intervention (≥ 14 treatment visits) consisting of diet, physical activity, and behavior therapy. Such losses reduce progression to type 2 diabetes in at-risk people and decrease blood pressure and triglyceride levels...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902660/preventing-long-term-poor-outcomes-in-the-bariatric-patient-postoperatively
#10
Melissa Cooley
The obesity epidemic in America continues to rise. People are desperately trying to find ways to lose weight successfully and keep the weight off, and many people are turning to bariatric surgery as the only remaining option for morbid obesity. Bariatric surgery is considered to be a viable treatment option for morbid obesity. However, long-term data are revealing that many postsurgical bariatric patients are regaining the weight after 5 years. The purpose of lifelong follow-up appointments in the bariatric patient is to prevent weight regain and poor outcomes...
January 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899816/bariatric-surgery-for-obesity-and-metabolic-disorders-state-of-the-art
#11
REVIEW
Ninh T Nguyen, J Esteban Varela
Obesity is one of the most important public health conditions worldwide. Bariatric surgery for severe obesity is an effective treatment that results in the improvement and remission of many obesity-related comorbidities, as well as providing sustained weight loss and improvement in quality of life. Contemporary bariatric operations include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band and the duodenal switch. The vast majority of these procedures are now performed using laparoscopic technique, the main advantages of which include rapid recovery, the reduction of postoperative pain and the reduction of wound-related complications, compared with open surgery...
November 30, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898356/management-of-a-jejunal-obstruction-caused-by-the-migration-of-a-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-a-case-report
#12
Julien Lemaire, Olivier Dewit, Benoît Navez
INTRODUCTION: We present a rare case of jejunal obstruction due to the migration of a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) that occurred 10 years after surgery and was successfully treated by laparoscopy. This report is compliant with the SCARE guidelines. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 42-year-old woman who underwent LAGB for morbid obesity 10 years ago was admitted with a small bowel obstruction due to the migration of a LAGB in the proximal small bowel. An attempt to endoscopic removal was unsuccessful and resulted in a laparoscopic extraction of the band...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891833/metabolomics-guided-insights-on-bariatric-surgery-versus-behavioral-interventions-for-weight-loss
#13
REVIEW
Sara Tulipani, Jules Griffin, Magali Palau-Rodriguez, Ximena Mora-Cubillos, Rosa M Bernal-Lopez, Francisco J Tinahones, Barbara E Corkey, Cristina Andres-Lacueva
OBJECTIVE: To review the metabolomic studies carried out so far to identify metabolic markers associated with surgical and dietary treatments for weight loss in subjects with obesity. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. RESULTS: Thirty-two studies successfully met the eligibility criteria. The metabolic adaptations shared by surgical and dietary interventions mirrored a state of starvation ketoacidosis (increase of circulating ketone bodies), an increase of acylcarnitines and fatty acid β-oxidation, a decrease of specific amino acids including branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and (lyso)glycerophospholipids previously associated with obesity, and adipose tissue expansion...
December 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887931/revision-of-primary-sleeve-gastrectomy-to-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-indications-and-outcomes-from-a-high-volume-center
#14
Robert A Casillas, Scott S Um, Jorge L Zelada Getty, Samantha Sachs, Benjamin B Kim
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become an accepted primary bariatric operation. Like other bariatric operations, inadequate weight loss and complications have been reported. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the indications and outcomes of revision of SG to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) at a single community hospital. SETTING: Community hospital, United States. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database identifying SG operations done from February 2009 to June 2014...
October 4, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885536/safety-and-outcome-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-following-removal-of-adjustable-gastric-banding-lessons-from-109-patients-in-a-single-center-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Niv Pencovich, Guy Lahat, Orit Goldray, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Joseph M Klausner, Shai Meron Eldar
BACKGROUND: Although considered a common bariatric procedure, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is associated with high rates of weight loss failure and long-term complications. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to re-assess the safety and outcome of conversion of failed LAGB to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and nine patients underwent conversion from LAGB to LSG (78 females, mean age 43 ± 11...
November 24, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885532/whey-protein-supplementation-enhances-body-fat-and-weight-loss-in-women-long-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Daniela Lopes Gomes, Milene Moehlecke, Fernanda Bassan Lopes da Silva, Eliane Said Dutra, Beatriz D'Agord Schaan, Kenia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The ideal nutritional approach for weight regain after bariatric surgery remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the effect of whey protein supplementation on weight loss and body composition of women who regained weight 24 or more months after bariatric surgery. METHODS: This is a 16-week open-label, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial of women who regained at least 5 % of their lowest postoperative weight after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
November 24, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876334/overall-and-cause-specific-mortality-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#17
Sigrid Bjerge Gribsholt, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Elisabeth Svensson, Bjørn Richelsen
BACKGROUND: Few population-based studies provide data on mortality after bariatric surgery. We hypothesized that hypoglycemia could be an underdiagnosed cause of death. OBJECTIVES: To examine perioperative, all-cause, and cause-specific long-term mortality in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients versus population comparisons. SETTING: Danish nationwide population-based cohort study. METHODS: We included all 9895 patients who underwent RYGB during 2006-2010, and a 1:25 age- and gender-matched comparison cohort (n = 247,366) (0...
October 17, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876332/long-term-results-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Žygimantas Juodeikis, Gintautas Brimas
Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become one of the most commonly used bariatric procedures worldwide. However, data regarding long-term results remain insufficient. The aim of this study was to review the long-term results after SG. We conducted a comprehensive literature search of Medline and the Cochrane Library for articles published until May 2016 on the long-term results (>5 yr) after SG. Studies representing outcomes of SG were included if they reported≥5-year results that contained at least one outcome of interest-weight loss, co-morbidities, long-term complications, or quality of life-and SG was performed as a primary procedure...
October 17, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865809/duodenal-jejunal-bypass-attenuates-progressive-failure-of-pancreatic-islets-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#19
Tingfeng Wang, Peng Zhang, Xiong Zhang, Ting Cao, Chengzhu Zheng, Bo Yu
BACKGROUND: Preservation of pancreatic beta cell function has been increasingly appealing in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Evidence is still limited on how bariatric surgery affects pancreatic beta cell apoptosis. SETTING: University medical center. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of a major component of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, duodenal-jejunal bypass, on protecting pancreatic beta cells from progressive loss. METHODS: Forty-five normal Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into 3 groups: duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) group (n = 16) and sham (S) group (n = 17), based upon the procedure received, and a control (C) group (n = 12) without any procedure performed, to eliminate potential traumatic effects from surgery...
August 31, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864536/influence-of-dietary-protein-and-its-amino-acid-composition-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-systematic-review
#20
Merel van den Broek, Loek J M de Heide, Nic J G M Veeger, Alies M van der Wal-Oost, André P van Beek
CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery is an effective method to reduce morbid obesity. Nutritional counseling is essential to achieve maximal treatment success and to avoid long-term complications. Increased dietary protein intake may improve various postoperative results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to examine the relationship between intake of dietary protein or supplementation with amino acids and postoperative outcomes after gastric bypass surgery. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases: Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus...
December 2016: Nutrition Reviews
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