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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186804/neonatal-nutrition-predicts-energy-balance-in-young-adults-born-preterm-at-very-low-birth-weight
#1
(no author information available yet)
Epidemiological studies and animal models suggest that early postnatal nutrition and growth can influence adult health. However, few human studies have objective recordings of early nutrient intake. We studied whether nutrient intake and growth during the first 9 weeks after preterm birth with very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) predict total energy intake, resting energy expenditure (REE), physical activity and food preferences in young adulthood. We collected daily nutritional intakes and weights during the initial hospital stay from hospital records for 127 unimpaired VLBW participants...
November 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130288/optimising-early-neonatal-nutrition-using-translational-research-methodology
#2
Denise Page, Melissa Gilroy, Elizabeth Hurrion, Lisa Clark, Shelley Wilkinson
AIM: Preterm birth has been described as a 'nutritional emergency', with these infants often born with minimal nutrition reserves. Failure to provide adequate early nutrition jeopardises growth and neurodevelopment. Consensual nutrition guidelines exist for infants who weigh <1500 g; however, audits have identified shortfalls in their adherence, consequently highlighting an evidence-practice gap. This work aimed to identify the barriers to the delivery of early optimal nutrition in a tertiary-level Neonatal Critical Care Unit to inform an implementation project to ensure best practice care...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115861/postnatal-overnutrition-affects-metabolic-and-vascular-function-reflected-by-physiological-and-histological-changes-in-the-aorta-of-adult-wistar-rats
#3
Gerardo Sánchez-García, Laura Del Bosque-Plata, Enrique Hong
Rigorous nutritional care during early life leads to healthy adulthood. Cardiovascular and metabolic disorders, the most prevalent clinical challenges worldwide, are epidemiologically linked to poor nutritional habits throughout life. We aimed to understand whether postnatal overnutrition (PO) initiated during lactation affects metabolic markers and vascular function later in life. To test this hypothetical effect, we studied a PO Wistar rat model based on adjusting litter size at the third day of age to three pups and eight for the control group (C)...
November 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089613/glp-1-and-igf-i-levels-are-elevated-in-late-infancy-in-low-birthweight-infants-independently-of-glp-1-receptor-polymorphisms-and-neonatal-nutrition
#4
M Díaz, C García-Beltran, A López-Bermejo, F de Zegher, L Ibáñez
Low birth weight followed by rapid postnatal weight gain is associated with increased risks for obesity and diabetes in adulthood. Modulation of glucagon-like-peptide 1 (GLP-1) secretion by (epi)genetic mechanisms or nutrition may influence in part this risk. Formula fed infants born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) have higher circulating GLP-1 at age 4 months than breastfed SGA or appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants. Here, we assessed GLP-1 concentrations in healthy AGA (n=149) and SGA (n=107) subjects at age 12 months, and their association with endocrine-metabolic and body composition parameters and GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) rs6923761 and rs3765467 polymorphisms...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946327/polar-lipid-composition-of-bioactive-dairy-co-products-buttermilk-and-butterserum-emphasis-on-sphingolipid-and-ceramide-isoforms
#5
Claire Bourlieu, David Cheillan, Marielle Blot, Patricia Daira, Michèle Trauchessec, Séverine Ruet, Jean-Yves Gassi, Eric Beaucher, Benoit Robert, Nadine Leconte, Saïd Bouhallab, Frédéric Gaucheron, Geneviève Gésan-Guiziou, Marie-Caroline Michalski
Bioactive lipids of the milk fat globule membrane become concentrated in two co-products of the butter industry, buttermilk and butterserum. Their lipid composition is detailed here with special emphasis on sphingolipid composition of nutritional interest, determined using GC, HPLC and tandem mass spectrometry. Butterserum was 2.5 times more concentrated in total fat than buttermilk, with 7.7±1.5vs 19.5±2.9wt% and even more concentrated in polar lipids, with 1.4±0.2vs 8.5±1.1wt%. Both ingredients constitute concentrated sources of sphingomyelin (3...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879172/epigenetic-matters-the-link-between-early-nutrition-microbiome-and-long-term-health-development
#6
REVIEW
Flavia Indrio, Silvia Martini, Ruggiero Francavilla, Luigi Corvaglia, Fernanda Cristofori, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Josef Neu, Samuli Rautava, Giovanna Russo Spena, Francesco Raimondi, Giuseppe Loverro
Epigenetic modifications are among the most important mechanisms by which environmental factors can influence early cellular differentiation and create new phenotypic traits during pregnancy and within the neonatal period without altering the deoxyribonucleic acid sequence. A number of antenatal and postnatal factors, such as maternal and neonatal nutrition, pollutant exposure, and the composition of microbiota, contribute to the establishment of epigenetic changes that can not only modulate the individual adaptation to the environment but also have an influence on lifelong health and disease by modifying inflammatory molecular pathways and the immune response...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443560/advances-in-nutrition-of-the-newborn-infant
#7
REVIEW
Jane E Harding, Barbara E Cormack, Tanith Alexander, Jane M Alsweiler, Frank H Bloomfield
Nutrition of newborn infants, particularly of those born preterm, has advanced substantially in recent years. Extremely preterm infants have high nutrient demands that are challenging to meet, such that growth faltering is common. Inadequate growth is associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes, and although improved early growth is associated with better cognitive outcomes, there might be a trade-off in terms of worse metabolic outcomes, although the contribution of early nutrition to these associations is not established...
April 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974050/neonatal-milk-supplementation-in-lambs-has-persistent-effects-on-growth-and-metabolic-function-that-differ-by-sex-and-gestational-age
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mary J Berry, Anne L Jaquiery, Mark H Oliver, Jane E Harding, Frank H Bloomfield
The perinatal environment has a major influence on long-term health and disease risk. Preterm birth alters early-life environment and is associated with altered metabolic function in adulthood. Whether preterm birth per se or the early nutritional interventions used to support growth in preterm infants underpins this association is unknown. Lambs born preterm, following dexamethasone induction of labour, or spontaneously at term were randomised to receive nutrient supplementation, analogous to the milk fortifier used clinically or water as a control for the first 2 weeks after birth...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650928/impact-of-early-postnatal-nutrition-on-the-nmr-urinary-metabolic-profile-of-infant
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Flaminia Cesare Marincola, Sara Corbu, Milena Lussu, Antonio Noto, Angelica Dessì, Stefania Longo, Elisa Civardi, Francesca Garofoli, Beatrice Grenci, Elisa Mongini, Andrea Budelli, Alessia Grinzato, Francesca Fasano, Vassilios Fanos, Mauro Stronati
NMR-based metabolomics was used to compare the metabolic urinary profiles of exclusively breast-fed term infants (n = 11) with those of a double-blinded controlled trial with 49 formula-fed term newborns randomized to receive either an infant formula enriched by functional ingredients (n = 24) or a standard formula (n = 25). Anthropometric measurements and urine samples were taken at enrollment (within the first month of life), at around 60 days of life, and at the end of study period (average age of 130 days)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529811/brief-neonatal-nutritional-supplementation-has-sex-specific-effects-on-glucose-tolerance-and-insulin-regulating-genes-in-juvenile-lambs
#10
Anne L Jaquiery, Sharon S Park, Hui Hui Phua, Mary J Berry, Daphne Meijler, Jane E Harding, Mark H Oliver, Frank H Bloomfield
BACKGROUND: The nutritional plane and composition during fetal life can impact upon growth and epigenetic regulation of genes affecting pancreatic β-cell development and function. However, it is not clear whether β-cell development can be altered by nutritional factors or growth rate after birth. We therefore investigated the effect of neonatal nutritional supplements on growth, glucose tolerance, and pancreatic development in lambs. METHODS: Newborn lambs were randomized to daily nutritional supplements, calculated to increase macronutrient intake to a similar degree as human breast milk fortifier, or an equivalent volume of water, for 2 wk while continuing to suckle ewe milk...
December 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195103/age-and-sex-dependent-effects-of-early-overnutrition-on-metabolic-parameters-and-the-role-of-neonatal-androgens
#11
Pilar Argente-Arizón, Purificación Ros, Francisca Díaz, Esther Fuente-Martin, David Castro-González, Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Garrido, Vicente Barrios, Manuel Tena-Sempere, Jesús Argente, Julie A Chowen
BACKGROUND: Males and females respond differently to diverse metabolic situations. Being raised in a small litter is reported to cause overnutrition that increases weight gain and predisposes an individual to metabolic disturbances in adulthood; however, existing data are inconsistent. Indeed, significant weight gain and/or metabolic disturbances, such as hyperinsulinemia and hyperleptinemia, are sometimes not encountered. We hypothesized that these inconsistencies could be due to the animal's sex and/or age at which metabolic parameters are measured...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26958233/nutrition-informatics-applications-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#12
Jennifer C North, Kristine C Jordan, Julie Metos, John F Hurdle
Nutrition care and metabolic control contribute to clinical patient outcomes. Biomedical informatics applications represent a way to potentially improve quality and efficiency of nutrition management. We performed a systematic literature review to identify clinical decision support and computerized provider order entry systems used to manage nutrition care. Online research databases were searched using a specific set of keywords. Additionally, bibliographies were referenced for supplemental citations. Four independent reviewers selected sixteen studies out of 364 for review...
2015: AMIA ... Annual Symposium Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907266/exploring-the-role-of-different-neonatal-nutrition-regimens-during-the-first-week-of-life-by-urinary-gc-ms-metabolomics
#13
Angelica Dessì, Antonio Murgia, Rocco Agostino, Maria Grazia Pattumelli, Andrea Schirru, Paola Scano, Vassilios Fanos, Pierluigi Caboni
In this study, a gas-chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) metabolomics study was applied to examine urine metabolite profiles of different classes of neonates under different nutrition regimens. The study population included 35 neonates, exclusively either breastfed or formula milk fed, in a seven-day timeframe. Urine samples were collected from intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), large for gestational age (LGA), and appropriate gestational age (AGA) neonates. At birth, IUGR and LGA neonates showed similarities in their urine metabolite profiles that differed from AGA...
February 22, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866908/comparing-apples-with-apples-it-is-time-for-standardized-reporting-of-neonatal-nutrition-and-growth-studies
#14
REVIEW
Barbara E Cormack, Nicholas D Embleton, Johannes B van Goudoever, William W Hay, Frank H Bloomfield
The ultimate goal of neonatal nutrition care is optimal growth, neurodevelopment, and long-term health for preterm babies. International consensus is that increased energy and protein intakes in the neonatal period improve growth and neurodevelopment, but after more than 100 y of research the optimum intakes of energy and protein remain unknown. We suggest an important factor contributing to the lack of progress is the lack of a standardized approach to reporting nutritional intake data and growth in the neonatal literature...
June 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26846324/daily-enteral-dha-supplementation-alleviates-deficiency-in-premature-infants
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michelle L Baack, Susan E Puumala, Stephen E Messier, Deborah K Pritchett, William S Harris
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an essential fatty acid (FA) important for health and neurodevelopment. Premature infants are at risk of DHA deficiency and circulating levels directly correlate with health outcomes. Most supplementation strategies have focused on increasing DHA content in mother's milk or infant formula. However, extremely premature infants may not reach full feedings for weeks and commercially available parenteral lipid emulsions do not contain preformed DHA, so blood levels decline rapidly after birth...
April 2016: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26769798/5-ht2a-and-5-ht2c-receptors-as-hypothalamic-targets-of-developmental-programming-in-male-rats
#16
Malgorzata S Martin-Gronert, Claire J Stocker, Edward T Wargent, Roselle L Cripps, Alastair S Garfield, Zorica Jovanovic, Giuseppe D'Agostino, Giles S H Yeo, Michael A Cawthorne, Jonathan R S Arch, Lora K Heisler, Susan E Ozanne
Although obesity is a global epidemic, the physiological mechanisms involved are not well understood. Recent advances reveal that susceptibility to obesity can be programmed by maternal and neonatal nutrition. Specifically, a maternal low-protein diet during pregnancy causes decreased intrauterine growth, rapid postnatal catch-up growth and an increased risk for diet-induced obesity. Given that the synthesis of the neurotransmitter 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is nutritionally regulated and 5-HT is a trophic factor, we hypothesised that maternal diet influences fetal 5-HT exposure, which then influences development of the central appetite network and the subsequent efficacy of 5-HT to control energy balance in later life...
April 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26526864/milk-metabolites-and-neurodegeneration-is-there-crosstalk
#17
REVIEW
Keshav Thakur, Akshay Anand
Milk has been considered as a natural source of nutrition for decades. Milk is known to be nutrient-rich which aids the growth and development of the human body. Milk contains both macro- and micronutrients. Breast milk is widely regarded as the optimal source of neonatal nutrition due to its composition of carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and antibodies. However, despite the wide use of milk products, investigations into the role of milk in degenerative diseases have been limited. This review will examine the relationship between the β-casein gene found in bovine milk and disease states by using age-related macular degeneration as an example...
October 2015: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26180246/early-protein-intake-is-associated-with-body-composition-and-resting-energy-expenditure-in-young-adults-born-with-very-low-birth-weight
#18
Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Petteri Hovi, Satu Männistö, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Johan G Eriksson, Outi Mäkitie, Anna-Liisa Järvenpää, Sture Andersson, Eero Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal nutrition during fetal life and early childhood may be important in early programming of health and disease. Preterm infants born with very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) frequently receive inadequate neonatal nutrition; the long-term consequences are poorly known. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between early macronutrient intake and body composition in young adults born with VLBW. METHODS: We collected comprehensive information on daily nutritional intake during the initial hospital stay for 127 participants of the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults...
September 2015: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26137815/-effects-of-perinatal-nutrition-on-developmental-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Jean-Michel Hascoët
The multifactorial nature of perinatal growth is now well established. The perinatal environment modulates each infant's genetic potential. Antenatal nutrition is dependent on maternal nutrition and is also subject to environmental factors such as tobacco smoke, which can significantly impact infant development. Current neonatal nutritional guidelines, aimed primarily at ensuring good nutrient tolerance, may no longer be optimal. Indeed, they can lead to malnutrition and growth retardation, and attempts to "catch up" through increased protein and calorie intake may have unwanted effects...
December 2013: Bulletin de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26054989/advances-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-gastroschisis
#20
REVIEW
Arash Safavi, Erik D Skarsgard
Gastroschisis (GS) is a structural defect of the anterior abdominal wall, usually diagnosed antenatally, that occurs with a frequency of approximately 4 per 10,000 pregnancies. Babies born with GS require neonatal intensive care and surgical management of the abdominal wall defect soon after birth. Although contemporary survival rates for GS are over 90%, these babies are at risk for significant morbidity, and require 4 to 6 weeks of costly, resource-intensive care in specialized neonatal units. Much consideration has been given to how best to treat the abdominal wall defect of GS...
May 2015: Surgical Technology International
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