keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"CPAP"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474952/modulation-of-defensive-airway-reflexes-during-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-rabbit
#1
Ioan Iulia, Demoulin Bruno, Leblanc Anne-Laure, Schweitzer Cyril, Marchal François, Foucaud Laurent, Demoulin-Alexikova Silvia
Lung hyperinflation may alter the pattern of ventilatory reflexes in chronic respiratory disorders. The aim of the study was to test the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on ventilatory responses to mechanical stimulation of the trachea.
February 20, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474363/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-improves-gait-control-in-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-prospective-study
#2
Sébastien Baillieul, Bernard Wuyam, Jean-Louis Pépin, Mathieu Marillier, Renaud Tamisier, Dominic Pérennou, Samuel Verges
STUDY AIM: Severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can lead to neurocognitive alterations, including gait impairments. The beneficial effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on improving excessive daytime sleepiness and daily functioning have been documented. However, a demonstration of CPAP treatment efficacy on gait control is still lacking. This study aims to test the hypothesis that CPAP improves gait control in severe OSA patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective controlled study, twelve severe OSA patients (age = 57...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473760/the-acute-effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-titration-on-blood-pressure-in-awake-overweight-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#3
Culadeeban Ratneswaran, Martino F Pengo, Sichang Xiao, Yuanming Luo, Gian Paolo Rossi, Michael I Polkey, John Moxham, Joerg Steier
OBJECTIVES: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves upper airway obstruction in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), who often are overweight-obese. Although it is thought that CPAP improves long-term blood pressure control (BP), the impact of acute and short-term CPAP use on the cardiovascular system in obese patients has not been described in detail. METHODS: Obese patients (body mass index, BMI > 25 kg/m2 ) with OSA were studied awake, supine during incremental CPAP titration (4-20 cmH2 O, +2 cmH2 O/3 mins)...
February 23, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471001/activated-cxcl5-cxcr2-axis-promotes-the-migration-invasion-and-emt-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-cells-via-modulation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#4
Dong Cui, Yongfu Zhao, Jingchao Xu
Initiation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is common in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and may contribute to its metastasis. Aims of the present study are to investigate whether and how the C-X-C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL)-5/C-X-C motif receptor 2 (CXCR2) axis affects PTC metastasis, with a focus on the EMT process. Herein, two PTC cell lines, KTC-1 and B-CPAP cells, identified as CXCR2-positive cells were used as the cell model. We found that a 24-h stimulation of 1 or 10 nM recombinant human CXCL5 (rhCXCL5) enhanced the migration and invasion of both KTC-1 and B-CPAP cells without affecting their proliferation...
February 19, 2018: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468519/effect-of-pressure-support-ventilation-on-carboxyhemoglobin-toxicokinetic-after-acute-carbon-monoxide-intoxication-a-swine-model
#5
N Delvau, A Penaloza, G Liistro, F Thys, I K Delattre, Philippe Hantson, P Gianello, P M Roy
INTRODUCTION: In an experimental study on carbon monoxide (CO) exposure in swine, we aimed to compare the influence of oxygen therapy using a non-rebreathing mask (NRM) to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and two pressure support ventilation (PSV) devices on the decrease of the terminal elimination half-life of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb t1/2 ). This was the primary outcome. METHODS: Eight spontaneously breathing pigs were sedated by propofol and exposed to 940 ppm CO several times (n = 25) to obtain COHb levels of 30%...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468205/late-onset-bleb-associated-endophthalmitis-and-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#6
Erich J Berg, John B Davies, Mark R Buboltz, Thomas W Samuelson
Purpose: To raise awareness of a possible association between continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices and postoperative bleb-related infection. Observations: A 57-year old patient on CPAP presented with unilateral bleb-associated endophthalmitis 32 months after routine ExPress Trabeculectomy with mitomycin C. The offending organism, Streptococcus mitis , is a nonmotile and generally non-virulent pathogen which predominates in the normal human respiratory flora...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463621/ventilatory-support-or-respiratory-muscle-training-as-adjuncts-to-exercise-in-obese-cpap-treated-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Isabelle Vivodtzev, Renaud Tamisier, Marilie Croteau, Jean-Christian Borel, Angélique Grangier, Bernard Wuyam, Patrick Lévy, Caroline Minville, Frédéric Sériès, François Maltais, Jean-Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obesity are interdependent chronic diseases sharing reduced exercise tolerance and high cardiovascular risk. INTERVENTION: A 3-month intervention with innovative training modalities would further improve functional capacity and cardiovascular health than usual cycle exercise training in already continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)-treated obese patients with OSA. METHODS: Fifty three patients (35<body mass index (BMI) <45 kg/m2 ) were randomly allocated to exercise training on a cycle ergometer, either alone (ERGO) or with respiratory muscle training (ERGO+RMT) or non-invasive ventilation (ERGO+NIV)...
February 20, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458748/does-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-affect-autonomic-nervous-system-in-patients-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Francesca Izzi, Fabio Placidi, Claudio Liguori, Benedetta Lauretti, Girolama A Marfia, Antonio Pisani, Nicola B Mercuri, Camilla Rocchi
OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating whether Continuous Positive Airway Pressure treatment (CPAP) may affect autonomic nervous system (ANS) in male patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS). METHODS: We compared autonomic symptoms of de novo severe OSAS patients, OSAS patients on chronic CPAP treatment and healthy controls, using the Scales for Outcome in Parkinson disease-Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT) questionnaire. All groups underwent cardiovascular function tests including head-up tilt test (HUTT), Valsalva maneuver, deep breathing, hand grip and cold face tests...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458746/stridor-combined-with-other-sleep-breathing-disorders-in-multiple-system-atrophy-a-tailored-treatment
#9
Saleheddine Rekik, Francis Martin, Pauline Dodet, Stefania Redolfi, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Jean-Christophe Corvol, David Grabli, Isabelle Arnulf
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of sleep breathing disorders in multiple systemic atrophy (MSA, combining Parkinsonism, cerebellar syndrome, and dysautonomia) and evaluate the benefit/tolerance of various modes of ventilation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 45 patients with MSA having undergone a videopolysomnography. Their sleep characteristics were compared to those of 45 patients with Parkinson's disease and 45 healthy controls, matched for age and sex...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458699/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-gestational-diabetes-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Naricha Chirakalwasan, Somvang Amnakkittikul, Ekasitt Wanitcharoenkul, Suranut Charoensri, Sunee Saetung, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, La-Or Chailurkit, Panyu Panburana, Sommart Bumrungphuet, Ammarin Takkinstian, Sirimon Reutrakul
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study assessed the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in obese pregnant females with GDM and OSA. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted (April 2014 - June 2016). Obese females at 24 to 34 weeks gestation and with diet-controlled GDM were screened for OSA. Those with OSA were randomly assigned to receive 2 weeks nightly CPAP or be part of a waitlist control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458694/persistent-high-residual-ahi-after-cpap-use
#11
Leay Kiaw Er, Shinn-Kuang Lin, Stephen Shei-Dei Yang, Chou-Chin Lan, Yao-Kuang Wu, Mei-Chen Yang
Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea has recently been noted after various treatment modalities for obstructive sleep apnea. It often remits spontaneously or can be treated with continuous positive airway pressure. However, we encountered a pediatric patient with obstructive sleep apnea who presented with severe complications, including growth failure, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, poor school performance, daytime sleepiness, and urinary difficulty that required permanent cystostomy. His obstructive sleep apnea resolved after adenotonsillectomy...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458693/the-impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-circulating-igf-1-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Andreas Palm, Christian Berne, Helena Igelström, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Christer Janson, Eva Lindberg
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disease with metabolic and cardiovascular consequences and is associated with decreased serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). The aim of this study was to investigate whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) will increase serum IGF-1 concentration in patients with OSA. METHODS: Patients with moderate to severe OSA were recruited from a sleep clinic and serum IGF-1 was measured before initiation of CPAP and at follow-up after 4...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454715/-sleepiness-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
L Lerousseau
Excessive daytime sleepiness is a major symptom in cases of the obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. Most often, it is vastly improved by treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The most effective way to confirm its disappearance is through wakefulness maintenance testing. If residual sleepiness remains, despite CPAP, further diagnostic investigation must be carried out. Firstly, it must be assessed whether the treatment is fully effective (apnea hypopnea index<10/h) by examining flow limitations under treatment (polysomnography) and whether it is sufficiently used (>6h/night)...
February 14, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453905/sleep-apnea-and-type-2-diabetes
#14
Isao Muraki, Hiroo Wada, Takeshi Tanigawa
The aim of this review is to clarify the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes, and discuss the therapeutic role of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in type 2 diabetes. OSA patients are more likely than non-OSA populations to develop type 2 diabetes while more than half of patients with type 2 diabetes suffer from OSA. Similarly to the Western countries, in the East Asian population, the association between these two disorders has also been reported. CPAP is the primary treatment for OSA, but the effect of CPAP on comorbid diabetes has not been established...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453638/effects-of-cpap-therapy-on-cognitive-and-psychomotor-performances-in-patients-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-1-year-study
#15
Renata Pecotic, Ivana Pavlinac Dodig, Maja Valic, Tea Galic, Linda Lusic Kalcina, Natalija Ivkovic, Zoran Dogas
STUDY OBJECTIVES: We prospectively investigated the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on long-term cognitive and psychomotor performances, and excessive daytime sleepiness in severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. METHODS: A total of 40 patients were recruited and 23 patients with severe OSA fully completed the study protocol to investigate the effects of CPAP therapy on psychomotor performance at 1, 3, and 6 months and 1 year following initiation of the therapy...
February 16, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450589/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-administration-during-lung-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-a-comparative-planning-study
#16
Dario Di Perri, Andréa Colot, Antoine Delor, Randa Ghoul, Guillaume Janssens, Valérie Lacroix, Pascal Matte, Annie Robert, Kevin Souris, Xavier Geets
PURPOSE: By increasing lung volume and decreasing respiration-induced tumour motion amplitude, administration of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) during stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) could allow for better sparing of the lungs and heart. In this study, we evaluated the effect of CPAP on lung volume, tumour motion amplitude and baseline shift, as well as the dosimetric impact of the strategy. METHODS: Twenty patients with lung tumours referred for SABR underwent 4D-computed tomography (CT) scans with and without CPAP (CPAP/noCPAP) at two timepoints (T0/T1)...
February 15, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445540/the-effect-of-positive-and-negative-message-framing-on-short-term-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-compliance-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Martino F Pengo, Marcin Czaban, Marc P Berry, Prajeshan Nirmalan, Richard Brown, Adam Birdseye, Asia Woroszyl, Julia Chapman, Brian D Kent, Nicholas Hart, Gian Paolo Rossi, Joerg Steier
Background: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the best available treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), requires long-term compliance to be effective. Behavioral interventions may be used to improve adherence to CPAP. We aimed to investigate whether positive or negative message framing impacts on CPAP compliance in patients with OSA, when compared to standard care. Methods: Consenting patients with confirmed OSA were randomly allocated to receive along with their CPAP either positively or negatively framed messages (Pos; Neg), or standard care (Con)...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445538/peri-operative-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-outcomes-in-bariatric-patients
#18
Jacques-Henri Meurgey, Richard Brown, Asia Woroszyl-Chrusciel, Joerg Steier
Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is increasingly common in bariatric patients undergoing sedation during elective surgery. However, it has not been established how significant a contributor it is to peri-operative respiratory complications and mortality. We sought to pre-operatively identify OSA in bariatric patients and record peri-operative complications during and after bariatric surgery. Methods: Data were collected and analysed from June 2014 to March 2017 for 410 bariatric surgery patients referred to the sleep laboratory for pre-operative screening and treatment of OSA...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445536/predictors-of-long-term-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Marina Florés, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, Alicia Sánchezde-la-Torre, Albina Aldomà, Estefania Galera, Ferran Barbé, Manuel Sánchezde-la-Torre, Mireia Dalmases
Background: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), but an evaluation of CPAP adherence is rarely carried out among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The goals of the study are to analyse long-term adherence and identify the predictors of non-compliance with CPAP treatment for patients with non-sleepy OSA and ACS. Methods: This is an ancillary study of the ISAACC study, which is a multicentre, prospective, open-label, parallel, randomized, and controlled trial (NCT01335087) in patients with hospital admission for ACS...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445529/cardiorespiratory-interaction-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#20
REVIEW
Martino F Pengo, Sara Bonafini, Cristiano Fava, Joerg Steier
The treatment of choice for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP). Since its introduction in clinical practice, CPAP has been used in various clinical conditions with variable and heterogeneous outcomes. In addition to the well-known effects on the upper airway CPAP impacts on intrathoracic pressures, haemodynamics and blood pressure (BP) control. However, short- and long-term effects of CPAP therapy depend on multiple variables which include symptoms, underlying condition, pressure used, treatment acceptance, compliance and usage...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
keyword
keyword
111432
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"