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"intraventricular hemorrhage"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068754/intraventricular-cavernous-malformation-review-of-the-literature-and-report-of-three-cases-with-neuroendoscopic-resection
#1
Masoud Shirvani, Alireza Hajimirzabeigi
Intraventricular cavernomas (IVCs) are extremely infrequent and only occur in 2.8 to 10% of patients with cerebral cavernomas. We describe three IVC cases and briefly review previously documented IVC cases in PubMed. Among 136 IVC cases, the mean age of the patients was 36.5 years; the male-to-female ratio was 0.8. The most frequent location was the lateral ventricle (52.6%), and most of the clinical symptoms (74%) were related to mass effects on adjacent brain tissues. Intraventricular hemorrhage occurred in 22...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068438/variation-in-performance-of-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-the-united-states
#2
Jeffrey D Horbar, Erika M Edwards, Lucy T Greenberg, Kate A Morrow, Roger F Soll, Madge E Buus-Frank, Jeffrey S Buzas
Importance: Hospitals use rates from the best quartile or decile as benchmarks for quality improvement aims, but to what extent these aims are achievable is uncertain. Objective: To determine the proportion of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 2014 that achieved rates for death and major morbidities as low as the shrunken adjusted rates from the best quartile and decile in 2005 and the time it took to achieve those rates. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 408 164 infants with a birth weight of 501 to 1500 g born from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, and cared for at 756 Vermont Oxford Network member NICUs in the United States were evaluated...
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065815/neonatal-outcomes-following-preterm-birth-classified-according-to-placental-features
#3
Janet M Catov, Christina M Scifres, Steve N Caritis, Marnie Bertolet, Jacob Larkin, W Tony Parks
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth has staggering health implications, and yet the causes of most cases are still unknown. Placental features have been understudied as an etiology for preterm birth, and the association between placental pathologic lesions and neonatal outcomes are incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To characterize births according to placental pathology and relate these to adverse neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 20,091 births (15,710 term and 4,381 preterm) with placental evaluations...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063691/clinical-risk-factors-for-punctate-white-matter-lesions-on-early-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-preterm-newborns
#4
Nienke Wagenaar, Vann Chau, Floris Groenendaal, Karina J Kersbergen, Kenneth J Poskitt, Ruth E Grunau, Anne Synnes, Emma G Duerden, Linda S de Vries, Steven P Miller, ManonJ N L Benders
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical risk factors for punctate white matter lesions (PWML) on early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 2 cohorts of newborns born extremely preterm in different neonatal centers. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 250 newborns born preterm at less than 28 weeks of gestation (mean 26.4 ± 1.1 weeks) with an early MRI were identified from 2 neonatal centers, in Vancouver, Canada (cohort A, n = 100) and Utrecht, the Netherlands (cohort B, n = 150)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049196/refining-prognosis-for-intracerebral-hemorrhage-by-early-reassessment
#5
Matthew B Maas, Brandon A Francis, Rajbeer S Sangha, Bryan D Lizza, Eric M Liotta, Andrew M Naidech
BACKGROUND: Prognostic assessments, which are crucial for decision-making in critical illnesses, have shown unsatisfactory reliability. We compared the accuracy of a widely used prognostic score against a model derived from clinical data obtained 5 days after admission for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a condition for which prognostication has proven notoriously challenging and prone to bias. METHODS: Patients enrolled in a prospective observational cohort study of spontaneous ICH underwent hourly Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) assessment...
January 4, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049189/functional-long-term-outcome-after-left-versus-right-sided-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#6
Vanessa D Beuscher, Joji B Kuramatsu, Stefan T Gerner, Julia Köhn, Hannes Lücking, Stephan P Kloska, Hagen B Huttner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemispheric location might influence outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). INTERACT suggested higher short-term mortality in right hemispheric ICH, yet statistical imbalances were not addressed. This study aimed at determining the differences in long-term functional outcome in patients with right- vs. left-sided ICH with a priori-defined sub-analysis of lobar vs. deep bleedings. METHODS: Data from a prospective hospital registry were analyzed including patients with ICH admitted between January 2006 and August 2014...
January 4, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049035/mis-score-prediction-model-for-minimally-invasive-surgery
#7
Yuanyuan Hu, Jingwei Cao, Xianzeng Hou, Guangcun Liu
BACKGROUND: and Purpose Reports suggest that patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage can benefit from minimally invasive surgery, but the inclusion criterion for operation is controversial. The paper analyzes factors affecting the 30-day prognoses of patients who have received minimally invasive surgery and proposes a simple grading scale that represents clinical operation effectiveness. METHODS: The records of 101 patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage presenting to Qianfoshan Hospital were reviewed...
December 31, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045772/nutritional-practices-and-growth-in-premature-infants-after-surgical-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#8
Grace C Lin, Daniel T Robinson, Steven Olsen, Kristina M Reber, Mohannad Moallem, Robert DiGeronimo, Cecilia Mulroy, Ankur Datta, Karna Murthy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional provisions received by infants with surgical NEC and the associated effects on short-term growth. STUDY DESIGN: Through the Children's Hospitals Neonatal Database we identified infants born ≤32 weeks' gestation with surgical NEC from 5 regional neonatal intensive care units over 4 years. Excluded infants had isolated intestinal perforation and died <14 days post-operatively. Infants were stratified by their median parenteral protein dose (low (LP) or high (HP) protein) over the first post-operative week...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043688/neonatal-surgery-for-noncardiac-congenital-anomalies-neonates-at-risk-of-brain-injury
#9
Lisanne J Stolwijk, Kristin Keunen, Linda S de Vries, Floris Groenendaal, David C van der Zee, Maud Y A van Herwaarden, Petra M A Lemmers, Manon J N L Benders
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of brain injury after neonatal surgery for noncardiac congenital anomalies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). STUDY DESIGN: An MRI was obtained in 101 infants at 7 days [range: 1-115] after neonatal surgery for major noncardiac congenital anomalies. Brain injury was assessed using T1, T2, diffusion weighted imaging, and susceptibility-weighted imaging. RESULTS: Thirty-two preterm infants (<37 weeks of gestation) and 69 full-term infants were included...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042016/spontaneous-intraventricular-hemorrhage-a-rare-presentation-of-a-skull-base-mesenchymal-chondrosarcoma
#10
Altaf Ali Laghari, Gohar Javed, Muhammad Faheem Khan, Syed Ijlal Ahmed, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Riyasat Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Chondrosarcomas (CSA) are very rare malignant slow growing tumors which develop in or near the petroclival region of the brain. We report our experience of a very rare case in which the tumor originated from left petrous bone and induced intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) leading to an acute comatose presentation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 28 year old male initially presented in outpatient department (OPD) with a 1 month history of headache, vomiting, vertigo and left facial numbness...
December 29, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041901/prognostic-significance-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-vascular-structural-abnormality-related-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#11
Ruozhen Yuan, Chunyan Lei, Simiao Wu, Chenchen Wei, Yao Xiong, Mangmang Xu, Junfeng Liu, Deren Wang, Sen Lin, Chao You, Ming Liu
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in patients with vascular structural abnormality-related intracerebral hemorrhage (VSARICH) is poorly understood. METHOD: We prospectively included consecutive patients diagnosed with VSARICH. Imaging of initial brain computed tomography (CT) scans within 48 hours of symptom onset was analyzed. The presence and severity of IVH were recorded. Severity of IVH was measured using the modified Graeb (mGraeb) score...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029463/-tocolysis-for-preterm-labor-without-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes
#12
M Doret, G Kayem
OBJECTIVES: To propose guidelines for clinical practice for tocolysis in preterm labor without premature preterm rupture of the membranes (PPROM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bibliographic searches were performed in the Medline and Cochrane databases and gynecologist and obstetricians' international society guidelines. It is important to note that most studies included women in preterm labour with and without PPROM. RESULTS: Compared with placebo, tocolytics are not associated with a reduction in neonatal mortality or morbidity (LE2)...
October 28, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028788/factors-associated-with-the-need-for-intensive-care-unit-admission-following-supratentorial-intracerebral-hemorrhage-the-triage-ich-model
#13
James P Klaas, Sherri Braksick, Jay Mandrekar, Petra Sedova, M Fernanda Bellolio, Alejandro A Rabinstein, Robert D Brown
BACKGROUND: Providing the correct level of care for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is crucial, but the level of care needed at initial presentation may not be clear. This study evaluated factors associated with admission to intensive care unit (ICU) level of care. METHODS: This is an observational study of all adult patients admitted to our institution with non-traumatic supratentorial ICH presenting within 72 h of symptom onset between 2009-2012 (derivation cohort) and 2005-2008 (validation cohort)...
December 27, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026756/longitudinal-analysis-of-pre-term-neonatal-cerebral-ventricles-from-3d-ultrasound-images-using-spatial-temporal-deformable-registration
#14
Wu Qiu, Yimin Chen, Jessica Kishimoto, Sandrine Ribaupierre, Bernard Chiu, Aaron Fenster, Bijoy Menon, Jing Yuan
Preterm neonates with a very low birth weight of less than 1,500 grams are at increased risk for developing intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), which is a major cause of brain injury in preterm neonates. Quantitative measurements of ventricular dilatation or shrinkage play an important role in monitoring patients and evaluating treatment options. 3D ultrasound (US) has been developed to monitor ventricle volume as a biomarker for ventricular changes. However, ventricle volume as a global indicator does not allow for precise analysis of local ventricular changes, which could be linked to specific neurological problems often seen in the patient population later in life...
December 22, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005062/effects-of-delivery-room-quality-improvement-on-premature-infant-outcomes
#15
W Lapcharoensap, M V Bennett, R J Powers, N N Finer, L P Halamek, J B Gould, P J Sharek, H C Lee
OBJECTIVE: Delivery room management interventions have been successfully implemented via collaborative quality improvement (QI) projects. However, it is unknown whether these successes translate to reductions in neonatal morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective pre-post intervention study of three nonrandomized hospital groups within the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative. A collaborative QI model (Collaborative QI) was compared with a single-site QI model (NICU QI) and a non-participant population when implementing evidence-based delivery room practices...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004330/lymphopenia-infectious-complications-and-outcome-in-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#16
Andrea Morotti, Sandro Marini, Michael J Jessel, Kristin Schwab, Christina Kourkoulis, Alison M Ayres, M Edip Gurol, Anand Viswanathan, Steven M Greenberg, Christopher D Anderson, Joshua N Goldstein, Jonathan Rosand
BACKGROUND: Lymphopenia is increasingly recognized as a consequence of acute illness and may predispose to infections. We investigated whether admission lymphopenia (AL) is associated with increased risk of infectious complications and poor outcome in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a prospectively collected cohort of ICH patients ascertained between 1994 and 2015. We identified subjects with lymphocyte count obtained within 24 h from onset, and AL was defined as lymphocyte count <1000/μL...
December 21, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002310/committee-opinion-no-684-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-after-birth
#17
(no author information available yet)
Delayed umbilical cord clamping appears to be beneficial for term and preterm infants. In term infants, delayed umbilical cord clamping increases hemoglobin levels at birth and improves iron stores in the first several months of life, which may have a favorable effect on developmental outcomes. There is a small increase in jaundice that requires phototherapy in this group of infants. Consequently, health care providers adopting delayed umbilical cord clamping in term infants should ensure that mechanisms are in place to monitor for and treat neonatal jaundice...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002305/committee-opinion-no-684-summary-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-after-birth
#18
(no author information available yet)
Delayed umbilical cord clamping appears to be beneficial for term and preterm infants. In term infants, delayed umbilical cord clamping increases hemoglobin levels at birth and improves iron stores in the first several months of life, which may have a favorable effect on developmental outcomes. There is a small increase in jaundice that requires phototherapy in this group of infants. Consequently, health care providers adopting delayed umbilical cord clamping in term infants should ensure that mechanisms are in place to monitor for and treat neonatal jaundice...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000127/intensive-care-unit-admission-for-patients-in-the-interact2-ich-blood-pressure-treatment-trial-characteristics-predictors-and-outcomes
#19
Katja E Wartenberg, Xia Wang, Paula Muñoz-Venturelli, Alejandro A Rabinstein, Pablo M Lavados, Craig S Anderson, Thompson Robinson
BACKGROUND: Wide variation exists in criteria for accessing intensive care unit (ICU) facilities for managing patients with critical illnesses such as acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to determine the predictors of admission, length of stay, and outcome for ICU among participants of the main Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage Trial (INTERACT2). METHODS: INTERACT2 was an international, open, blinded endpoint, randomized controlled trial of 2839 ICH patients (<6 h) and elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) allocated to receive intensive (target SBP <140 mmHg within 1 h) or guideline-recommended (target SBP <180 mmHg) BP-lowering treatment...
December 20, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000008/primary-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-adults-etiological-causes-and-prognostic-factors-in-chinese-population
#20
Si Zhang, Bangsheng Jia, Hao Li, Chao You, Daniel F Hanley, Yan Jiang
Primary intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) is a rare type of hemorrhagic stroke that is poorly understood. We aimed to explore the features of this disease in Chinese population via an institutional prospective study. Adult patients diagnosed with PIVH from January 2013 to January 2016 were enrolled in this study. Data, including clinical variables, radiological features, and yield of angiography, were collected to evaluate the clinical features, etiological causes, and prognostic factors of this disease. A total of 67 patients (73...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Neurology
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