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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099641/sepsis-related-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-children-with-cancer-the-respiratory-dynamics-of-a-devastating-condition
#1
Rodrigo Genaro Arduini, Orlei Ribeiro de Araujo, Dafne Cardoso Bourguignon da Silva, Andreza Almeida Senerchia, Antonio Sergio Petrilli
Objective: To evaluate the clinical course and respiratory parameters of mechanically ventilated children with cancer suffering from sepsis-related acute respiratory distress syndrome. Methods: This 2-year prospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study enrolled 29 children and adolescents. Clinical data, measurements of blood gases and ventilation parameters were collected at four different time points. Fluctuations between measurements as well as differences in estimated means were analyzed by linear mixed models in which death within 28 days from the onset of acute respiratory distress syndrome was the primary endpoint...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098099/the-evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-serum-levels-of-interleukin-6-and-interleukin-10-and-metabolic-acidosis-in-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Narges Sadat Zahed, Saghar Chehrazi
Chronic kidney disease is defined as progressive kidney dysfunction. The levels of various cytokines increase in hemodialysis (HD) patients. High levels of interleukins (ILs) and presence of metabolic acidosis are described as independent risk factors for morbidity and mortality in these patients. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between IL-6 and IL-10 and serum bicarbonate and metabolic acidosis in HD patients. In this analytical crosssectional study, patients referred to the HD units of Loghman Hakim and Shahid Ashrafi Esfahani Hospitals were randomly selected...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092281/renal-tubular-acidosis
#3
Fernando Santos, Helena Gil-Peña, Silvia Alvarez-Alvarez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To facilitate the understanding and knowledge of renal tubular acidosis by providing a summarized information on the known clinical and biochemical characteristics of this group of diseases, by updating the genetic and molecular bases of the primary forms renal tubular acidosis and by examining some issues regarding the diagnosis of distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) in the daily clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: The manuscript presents recent findings on the potential of next-generation sequencing to disclose new pathogenic variants in patients with a clinical diagnosis of primary RTA and negative Sanger sequencing of known genes...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089749/pyroglutamate-5-oxoproline-measured-with-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography-hilic-tandem-mass-spectrometry-in-acutely-ill-patients
#4
Carel J Pretorius, Michael C Reade, Chris Warnholtz, Brett McWhinney, Meng Mei Phua, Jeffrey Lipman, Jacobus P J Ungerer
BACKGROUND: Pyroglutamic acid (PGA) is challenging to quantify in plasma and is a rare cause of metabolic acidosis that is associated with inherited disorders or acquired after exposure to drugs. METHOD: We developed a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method with a short analysis time. We established a reference interval and then measured PGA in acutely ill patients to investigate associations with clinical, pharmaceutical and laboratory parameters...
January 12, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088126/severe-hypoalbuminemia-and-steatohepatitis-leading-to-death-in-a-young-vegetarian-female-8-months-after-mini-gastric-bypass-a-case-report
#5
Mohammad Kermansaravi, Mohammad Reza Abdolhosseini, Ali Kabir, Abdolreza Pazouki
BACKGROUND: Hypoalbuminemia is an important complication after Mini Gastric Bypass (MGB) and is more frequent in vegetarians, diabetic nephropathy, and alcoholic and liver disease patients. The patients must be followed in regular intervals and serum albumin must be checked in every visit after MGB. Hypoalbuminemia must be prevented by good protein regimes. CASE SUMMARY: A 29 years old female was admitted 8 month after Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass with malaise, dyspnea, icter, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and edema of extremities from 2 weeks before admission...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078858/use-of-lactated-ringer%C3%A2-s-solution-does-not-eliminate-the-risk-of-strong-ion-difference-related-metabolic-acidosis-following-on-pump-cardiac-surgery
#6
T Jovaisa, V Vicka, G Linkaitė, J Guseinovaitė, D Ringaitienė, I Norkienė
There is a growing interest in the effects of plasma sodium levels on postoperative outcomes. A trend of using balanced crystalloid solutions is based on the extensive data on chloride and the strong ion difference-related acidosis. However, effects of sodium are often overlooked in this context. The aim of the study was to establish the effects of the routine use of Lactated Ringer’s Solution (RL) on postoperative changes in sodium concentrations and whether these changes result in metabolic acidosis. We performed database analysis of 358 consecutive elective on-pump cardiac surgery cases in a tertiary referral university hospital...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076917/multi-organ-dysfunction-due-to-bath-salts-are-we-aware-of-this-entity
#7
Rohith Valsalan, Benoj Varghese, Diya Soman, Jonathan Buckmaster, Steven Yew, David Cooper
Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a synthetic, cathinone-derivative, central nervous system stimulant taken to produce a cocaine- or methamphetamine-like high. Physical manifestations include tachycardia, hypertension, arrhythmias, hyperthermia, sweating, rhabdomyolysis, hyperkalaemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, oliguria and seizures. We report a patient who presented with severe metabolic acidosis, multi-organ dysfunction, rhabdomyolysis, hyperkalaemia and seizures. This case highlights that even though a urine drug screen for routine psychostimulant drugs is negative, clinicians need to be vigilant about the adverse effects of MDPV as a possible cause of multi-organ dysfunction...
January 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074994/-normoglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-pregnancy-report-of-one-case
#8
Margarita Rivas M, Pamela Belmar Z, Pilar Durruty A, Lilian Sanhueza M, Gloria López S
Normoglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis should be suspected in pregnant women presenting nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and anorexia. We report a 39 years old woman with a 32 weeks pregnancy who sought emergency care due to hyperemesis. She was hospitalized with the following diagnoses: pregnancy hypertension syndrome, gestational diabetes, morbid obesity and poor prenatal control. The evaluation of the feto-placental unit showed perception of fetal movements, non-reactive non-stress baseline record and a biophysical profile of 6/8...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070957/controlled-trial-of-hartmann-s-solution-versus-0-9-saline-for-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#9
Michael Yung, Georgia Letton, Steve Keeley
AIM: We aimed to determine whether using a balanced salt solution, Hartmann's solution (HS), in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) shortens the time to normalise acid-base status through the avoidance of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis compared with 0.9% normal saline (NS). METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, randomised controlled trial comparing HS to NS as the initial intravenous fluid in children with DKA. Patients were stratified by severity (pH < 7.1) and known or new diabetes...
January 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065973/is-potassium-thiosulfate-a-poison-is-it-safe-a-case-series
#10
Cigdem Ozpolat, Arzu Denizbasi, Ozge Onur, Serkan Emre Eroglu, Haldun Akoglu
Potassium Thiosulfate is a liquid substance used for producing fertilizers. In this case series, we present five patients who have been exposed to potassium thiosulfate inhalation. Three of them were intubated in the scene by paramedics because of confusion and respiratory depression. They had refractory status epilepticus. The other two were exposed during trying to help the others for getting out, they presented to ED with nausea, vomiting and headache. One of the intubated patients died on the 4th day of his follow-up at ICU...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057873/attainment-of-guideline-targets-in-eurodopps-haemodialysis-patients-are-differences-related-to-a-country-s-healthcare-expenditure-and-nephrologist-workforce
#11
Sophie Liabeuf, Karlijn J Van Stralen, Fergus Caskey, Francesca Tentori, Ronald L Pisoni, Ayesha Sajjad, Kitty J Jager, Ziad A Massy
BACKGROUND: In the field of chronic kidney disease, global clinical practice guidelines have been developed and implemented with a view to improving patient care and outcomes. The attainment of international and European guideline targets for haemodialysis patients in European countries has not been audited recently. Hence, we sought to establish whether the attainment of the targets set out in guidelines and inappropriate care are similar across European countries and whether inter-country differences are related to disparities in national healthcare expenditures (as a percentage of gross domestic product) and/or the nephrologist workforce per capita...
January 5, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057513/enterolobium-contortisiliquum-is-a-cause-of-acute-ruminal-acidosis-in-sheep
#12
Rayane C Pupin, Paula V Leal, Stephanie C Lima, Gleice Kelli A Melo, Arnildo Pott, Marcelo A Araújo, Claudio S L Barros, Ricardo A A Lemos
The ingestion of pods of Enterolobium contortisiliquum is associated with digestive disturbances, photosensitivity and abortion in domestic ruminants. This experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that digestive disturbances in this toxicosis are really caused by acute ruminal acidosis. Three sheep fed large doses (10-15 g/kg/body weight [bw]) of E. contortisiliquum pods developed ruminal acidosis and were treated with sodium bicarbonate to try to control this metabolic disturbance, thus providing additional evidence of the involvement of ruminal acidosis in the pathogenesis of toxicosis...
January 3, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053267/assessment-of-resuscitation-as-measured-by-markers-of-metabolic-acidosis-and-features-of-injury
#13
D S Weinberg, A S Narayanan, T A Moore, H A Vallier
AIMS: The best time for definitive orthopaedic care is often unclear in patients with multiple injuries. The objective of this study was make a prospective assessment of the safety of our early appropriate care (EAC) strategy and to evaluate the potential benefit of additional laboratory data to determine readiness for surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 335 patients with fractures of the pelvis, acetabulum, femur, or spine were included. Patients underwent definitive fixation within 36 hours if one of the following three parameters were met: lactate < 4...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050802/the-effectiveness-of-apneic-oxygenation-during-tracheal-intubation-in-various-clinical-settings-a-narrative-review
#14
David T Wong, Amanda J Yee, Siaw May Leong, Frances Chung
PURPOSE: During the process of tracheal intubation, patients are apneic or hypoventilating and are at risk of becoming hypoxemic. This risk is especially high in patients with acute or chronic respiratory failure and accompanying compromised respiratory reserve. To address this concern, apneic oxygenation can be administered during tracheal intubation to aid in maintaining arterial oxygen saturation. The objective of this narrative review is to examine the utilization of apneic oxygenation within the operating room, intensive care unit (ICU), emergency department, and pre-hospital settings and to determine its efficacy compared with controls...
January 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049252/neurological-complications-resulting-from-non-oral-occupational-methanol-poisoning
#15
Ji Hyun Choi, Seung Keun Lee, Young Eun Gil, Jia Ryu, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyunjoo Kim, Jun Young Choi, Sun Ah Park, Hyang Woon Lee, Ji Young Yun
Methanol poisoning results in neurological complications including visual disturbances, bilateral putaminal hemorrhagic necrosis, parkinsonism, cerebral edema, coma, or seizures. Almost all reported cases of methanol poisoning are caused by oral ingestion of methanol. However, recently there was an outbreak of methanol poisoning via non-oral exposure that resulted in severe neurological complications to a few workers at industrial sites in Korea. We present 3 patients who had severe neurological complications resulting from non-oral occupational methanol poisoning...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045916/effects-of-different-oral-doses-of-sodium-chloride-on-the-basal-acid-base-and-mineral-status-of-exercising-horses-fed-low-amounts-of-hay
#16
Annette Zeyner, Kristin Romanowski, Andreas Vernunft, Patricia Harris, Ann-Marie Müller, Carola Wolf, Ellen Kienzle
The provision of NaCl, according to current recommendations, to horses in moderate work has been shown to induce immediate postprandial acidosis. The present study aimed to clarify whether this NaCl induced acidosis i) persists beyond the immediate postprandial period, and ii) is still present after a 2 week adaptation period. Six adult warmblood mares in moderate work received daily 1.00 kg hay per 100 kg body weight (bwt) only together with 0.64 kg unprocessed cereal grains/100 kg bwt.d as fed basis. Using a 3x3 Latin Square, either 0 (NaCl-0), 50 (NaCl-50) or 100 (NaCl-100) g NaCl/d were fed together with the concentrates in two equal doses for 3 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043661/use-of-noninvasive-and-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-in-cardiogenic-shock-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#17
Mari Hongisto, Johan Lassus, Tuukka Tarvasmaki, Alessandro Sionis, Heli Tolppanen, Matias Greve Lindholm, Marek Banaszewski, John Parissis, Jindrich Spinar, Jose Silva-Cardoso, Valentina Carubelli, Salvatore Di Somma, Josep Masip, Veli-Pekka Harjola
BACKGROUND: Despite scarce data, invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) is widely recommended over non-invasive ventilation (NIV) for ventilatory support in cardiogenic shock (CS). We assessed the real-life use of different ventilation strategies in CS and their influence on outcome focusing on the use of NIV and MV. METHODS: 219 CS patients were categorized by the maximum intensity of ventilatory support they needed during the first 24h into MV (n=137; 63%) , NIV (n=26; 12%), and supplementary oxygen (n=56; 26%) groups...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043369/impact-of-acute-metabolic-acidosis-on-the-acid-base-balance-in-follicular-fluid-and-blood-in-dairy-cattle
#18
E Indrova, R Dolezel, J Novakova-Mala, A Pechova, M Zavadilova, S Cech
Acid-base balance is one of the most vigorously regulated variables of the body, including genital organs. Subacute ruminal acidosis is a common disturbance in dairy cows that disturbs several biochemical indices in the blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and urine. The possible negative effects of metabolic acidosis on the follicular fluid (FF) composition and, subsequently, on oocyte quality, are not fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the changes in acid-base balance (ABB) in FF and blood during acute metabolic acidosis in dairy heifers...
February 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032570/hypokalemia-during-acute-metabolic-acidosis-on-hemodilution-with-succinylated-gelatin-in-rats
#19
Johanna K Teloh, Ricarda Rohrig, Indra N Waack, Herbert de Groot
BACKGROUND: Extracellular metabolic acidosis of mineral origin is commonly associated with plasma hyperkalemia. Nevertheless, in previous experiments, animals subjected to acute metabolic acidosis induced by normovolemic hemodilution using a colloidal volume replacement solution containing succinylated gelatin (gelafundin), developed a hypokalemic state with concomitant marked increases in diuresis and renal potassium excretion. In the present study, the succinylated gelatin's impact on diuresis and consequently potassium excretion was studied...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031407/metabolic-acidosis-and-long-term-clinical-outcomes-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#20
Seokwoo Park, Eunjeong Kang, Sehoon Park, Yong Chul Kim, Seung Seok Han, Jongwon Ha, Dong Ki Kim, Sejoong Kim, Su-Kil Park, Duck Jong Han, Chun Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Jung Pyo Lee, Young Hoon Kim
Metabolic acidosis (MA), indicated by low serum total CO2 (TCO2) concentration, is a risk factor for mortality and progressive renal dysfunction in CKD. However, the long-term effects of MA on kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are unclear. We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study of 2318 adult KTRs, from January 1, 1997 to March 31, 2015, to evaluate the prevalence of MA and the relationships between TCO2 concentration and clinical outcomes. The prevalence of low TCO2 concentration (<22 mmol/L) began to increase in KTRs with eGFR<60 ml/min per 1...
December 28, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
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