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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647410/reoperative-bariatric-surgery-for-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Jingliang Yan, Ricardo Cohen, Ali Aminian
Primary bariatric surgery has been proven to be effective in weight loss and improvement of weight-related metabolic co-morbidities. However, a small proportion of patients after bariatric surgery either have persistent hyperglycemia or relapse after initial remission of their metabolic disease. Revisional bariatric surgery has been evaluated extensively for weight recidivism and postoperative complications. However, there has not been any high-level evidence validating the utility of revisional bariatric surgery on recurrent metabolic diseases, especially diabetes...
April 25, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647370/oleanolic-acid-prevents-cartilage-degeneration-in-diabetic-mice-via-ppar%C3%AE-associated-mitochondrial-stabilization
#2
Xia Kang, Zhikui Yang, Jun Sheng, Jin-Biao Liu, Qing-Yun Xie, Wei Zheng, Ken Chen
Hyperglycemia-induced cartilage degeneration induces osteoarthritis (OA). Since oleanolic acid (OLA) have several pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, we hypothesized it possesses protection against high glucose injured cartilage. We now report that OLA decreased type X collagen and reversed the cartilage degeneration in growth plate from db/db mice. OLA increased type Ⅱ collagen expression in a concentration-dependent manner (10-50 μΜ) in high glucose-treated chondrocytes. OLA prevented the high glucose induced cell injury and decreased the level of MMP-13, PGE2 and IL-6 due to decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential and stimulated the ATP production...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647293/dynapenic-obesity-as-an-associated-factor-to-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-disorders-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-older-adults%C3%A2-%C3%A2-findings-from-sabe-study
#3
Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho, Roberta de Oliveira Máximo, Ligiana Pires Corona, Tábatta Renata Pereira de Brito, Daniella Pires Nunes, Jair Licio Ferreira Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is little evidence showing that dynapenic obesity is associated with lipid and glucose metabolism disorders, high blood pressure, chronic disease and metabolic syndrome. Our aim was to analyze whether dynapenic abdominal obesity can be associated with lipid and glucose metabolism disorders, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases in older adults living in São Paulo. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 833 older adults who took part of the third wave of the Health, Well-being and Aging Study in 2010...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646357/management-of-hyperglycemia-and-diabetes-in-the-emergency-department
#4
REVIEW
Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Rajesh Garg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hyperglycemia in the emergency department (ED) is being recognized as a public health problem and presents a clinical challenge. This review critically summarizes available evidence on the burden, etiology, diagnosis, and practical management strategies for hyperglycemia in the ED. RECENT FINDINGS: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are hyperglycemic emergencies that commonly present to the ED. However, the most common form of hyperglycemia in ED is associated with non-hyperglycemic medical emergencies...
August 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645526/injury-induced-gp130-cytokine-signaling-in-peripheral-ganglia-is-reduced-in-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Jon P Niemi, Angela R Filous, Alicia DeFrancesco, Jane A Lindborg, Nisha A Malhotra, Gina N Wilson, Bowen Zhou, Samuel D Crish, Richard E Zigmond
Neuropathy is a major diabetic complication. While the mechanism of this neuropathy is not well-understood, it is believed to result in part from deficient nerve regeneration. Work from our laboratory established that gp130 family of cytokines are induced in animals after axonal injury and are involved in the induction of regeneration-associated genes (RAGs) and in the conditioning lesion response. Here, we examine whether a reduction of cytokine signaling occurs in diabetes. Streptozotocin (STZ) was used to destroy pancreatic β cells, leading to chronic hyperglycemia...
June 20, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644562/efficacy-of-ipragliflozin-as-monotherapy-or-as-add-on-therapy-with-other-oral-antidiabetic-medications-in-treating-type-2-diabetes-in-japanese-patients-with-inadequate-glycemic-control-a-subgroup-analysis-based-on-patient-characteristics
#6
Takeshi Osonoi, Shinya Nakamoto, Miyoko Saito, Atsuko Tamasawa, Hidenori Ishida, Yusuke Osonoi
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin in treating Japanese type 2 diabetic patients with inadequate glycemic control by investigating diurnal variations of blood glucose and body composition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated, multicenter, prospective study with a 6-month treatment period. The primary outcome investigated was change in hemoglobin A1c levels from baseline. Secondary outcomes included changes in fasting plasma glucose, insulin resistance, variations in 24-h glucose levels detected by continuous glucose monitoring, body weight, body composition, waist circumference, and serum lipids...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644273/nursing-protocol-for-stroke-increases-survival-reduces-disability
#7
Serena Stockwell
Fever, hyperglycemia, and swallowing problems were treated in the first 72 hours following stroke.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643554/combined-effects-of-physical-inactivity-and-acute-hyperglycemia-on-arterial-distensibility
#8
David Montero, Sune Dandanell, Laura Oberholzer, Stefanie Keiser, Andreas Breenfeldt-Andersen, Thomas Haider, Mario Merlini, Anne-Kristine Meinild-Lundby, Carsten Lundby
Arterial distensibility, an independent predictor of cardiovascular events, is transiently increased with acute hyperglycemia (AHG) in healthy individuals. Whether this response interacts with physical inactivity remains unknown. We examined the effects of short-term bed rest (BR) on the response of carotid artery distensibility (CD) to AHG, and the influence of underlying changes in insulin resistance and blood volume. CD was assessed with ultrasonography before as well as 30 and 120 minutes following ingestion of 75 g of glucose prior to and after 3 days of BR in 15 healthy male volunteers...
June 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641786/association-of-apolipoprotein-ciii-apoc-iii-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation-and-peripheral-neuropathy-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Sharon Li Ting Pek, Chee Fang Sum, Lee Ying Yeoh, Simon Biing Ming Lee, Wern Ee Tang, Su Chi Lim, Subramaniam Tavintharan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common complication of Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Apart from hyperglycemia, its pathogenesis is poorly understood. Apolipoprotein-CIII (apoC-III) associated with triglyceride metabolism, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Its role in DPN is not well-established. We studied the associations of apoC-III, endothelial function and DPN. METHODS: In patients with T2D, anthropometric data, fasting blood, and urine were collected for biochemistry and urine albumin/creatinine measurements (uACR)...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641783/abnormal-levels-of-adipokines-in-adolescent-offspring-of-women-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-the-epicom-study
#10
Zuzana Lohse, Birgitte Bytoft, Sine Knorr, Tine D Clausen, Rikke Beck Jensen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Anne Pernille Hermann, Peter Oturai, Jan Frystyk, Peter Damm, Claus H Gravholt, Kurt Højlund, Dorte M Jensen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate long-term consequences of diabetes during pregnancy, we determined adiponectin and leptin levels in adolescents born by women with type 1 diabetic (T1D) or non-diabetic mothers, and determined associations between adiponectin and leptin levels in adolescence and the magnitude of intrauterine hyperglycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured serum adiponectin and leptin and calculated leptin to adiponectin ratio (LAR) in 271 offspring of T1D women (index offspring) (13-20years), and 297 matched control offspring...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641285/role-of-glycyrrhizin-in-the-reduction-of-inflammation-in-diabetic-kidney-disease
#11
Vikram Thakur, Syeda Nargis, Mayra Gonzalez, Swetak Pradhan, Daniel Terreros, Munmun Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most debilitating complications of type 2 diabetes. Recent evidence suggests chronic inflammation to be one of the causal factors of DKD. The mechanisms entailed are not completely elucidated except that a variety of cytokines play a major role in this process. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a pro-inflammatory toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4)-binding cytokine that is involved in inflammation-associated gene expression. This investigation was designed to assess the involvement of HMGB1, TLR-4, and nuclear factor (NF)-κB in the development of DKD and to evaluate that whether blocking HMGB1 by its natural inhibitor Glycyrrhizin (GLC) can reduce the progression of the disease...
June 23, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641051/beneficial-role-of-citrus-fruit-polyphenols-against-hepatic-dysfunctions-a-review
#12
Md Mohabbulla Mohib, Kazi Afnan, Tasfiq Zaman Paran, Salma Khan, Juthika Sarker, Nahid Hasan, Istiaque Hasan, Md Abu Taher Sagor
Alcoholic liver diseases and virus-induced hepatic dysfunctions are prevalent in western countries. Evidence also suggests that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance are key players in the development of hepatic diseases and their complications. Since the comorbid diseases like obesity, diabetes and vascular dysfunctions primarily affect liver, the modern therapies against other hepatic dysfunctions are becoming a major challenge to treat. In addition to these, polypharmacy and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are further aggravating the phenomenon...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640958/recommendations-for-revision-of-chinese-diagnostic-criterion-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-nationwide-study
#13
Ying Xing, Shaoyong Xu, Aihua Jia, Jing Cai, Mingwei Zhao, Jianhua Guo, Qiuhe Ji, Jie Ming
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) criterion proposed by Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS) may have limitations, because it requires an additional 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (2 h-PPG) to diagnose hyperglycemia. We aimed to revise the CDS criterion by removing the 2 h-PPG test, and determining the optimal fasting plasma glucose (FPG) cutoff for diagnosis of hyperglycemia in the Chinese population. METHODS: We obtained the study population from 2007-2008 China Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640904/correlation-of-disease-severity-with-body-weight-and-high-fat-diet-in-the-fatzo-pco-mouse
#14
Brian A Droz, Bria L Sneed, Charles V Jackson, Karen M Zimmerman, M Dodson Michael, Paul J Emmerson, Tamer Coskun, Richard G Peterson
Obesity in many current pre-clinical animal models of obesity and diabetes is mediated by monogenic mutations; these are rarely associated with the development of human obesity. A new mouse model, the FATZO mouse, has been developed to provide polygenic obesity and a metabolic pattern of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, that support the presence of insulin resistance similar to metabolic disease in patients with insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes. The FATZO mouse resulted from a cross of C57BL/6J and AKR/J mice followed by selective inbreeding for obesity, increased insulin and hyperglycemia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640857/glucose-dysregulation-and-response-to-common-anti-diabetic-agents-in-the-fatzo-pco-mouse
#15
Richard G Peterson, Charles Van Jackson, Karen M Zimmerman, Jorge Alsina-Fernandez, M Dodson Michael, Paul J Emmerson, Tamer Coskun
The FATZO/Pco mouse is the result of a cross of the C57BL/6J and AKR/J strains. The crossing of these two strains and the selective inbreeding for obesity, insulin resistance and hyperglycemia has resulted in an inbred strain exhibiting obesity in the presumed presence of an intact leptin pathway. Routinely used rodent models for obesity and diabetes research have a monogenic defect in leptin signaling that initiates obesity. Given that obesity and its sequelae in humans are polygenic in nature and not associated with leptin signaling defects, the FATZO mouse may represent a more translatable rodent model for study of obesity and its associated metabolic disturbances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640453/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) was first recognized more than four decades ago and occurred independent of cardiovascular diseases or hypertension in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. The exact mechanisms underlying this disease remain incompletely understood. Several pathophysiological bases responsible for DCM have been proposed, including the presence of hyperglycemia, nonenzymatic glycosylation of large molecules (e.g., proteins), energy metabolic disturbance, mitochondrial damage and dysfunction, impaired calcium handling, reactive oxygen species formation, inflammation, cardiac cell death, and cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, leading to impairment of cardiac contractile functions...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639759/-diabetes-mellitus-secondary-to-an-endocrine-pathology-when-to-think-about-it
#17
Nathalie Rouiller, François R Jornayvaz
An endocrine disease can be associated with glucose intolerance or diabetes mellitus, and the latter can falsely be considered as type 2 diabetes. Glycemic imbalance can be a direct or indirect consequence of excessive hormone production. Endocrine diseases such as acromegaly, Cushing's syndrome and pheochromocytoma can increase glucose production and cause insulin resistance. Hyperthyroidism, hyperaldosteronism, glucagonoma and somatostatinoma lead to hyperglycemia by other physiopathological mechanisms detailed in this article...
May 31, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638704/lipid-and-hyperglycemia-factors-in-first-ever-penetrating-artery-infarction-a-comparison-between-different-subtypes
#18
Shaoyang Sun, Yanqiang Wang, Yuge Wang, Xuejiao Men, Jian Bao, Xueqiang Hu, Zhengqi Lu
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis and progression of branch atheromatous disease (BAD), which differs from lipohyalinotic degeneration (LD), remains controversial. Few studies have investigated the lipid indices and glycometabolism status factors for BAD in first-ever penetrating artery infarction (PAI). METHODS: We retrospectively examined acute stroke patients with PAI admitted within 3 days after stroke. All patients underwent diffusion weight magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and/or computed tomography angiography (CTA)...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638179/danhong-huayu-koufuye-prevents-diabetic-retinopathy-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-via-antioxidation-and-anti-inflammation
#19
Wenpei Chen, Xiaolan Yao, Chenghao Zhou, Ziyang Zhang, Gang Gui, Baoqin Lin
Danhong Huayu Koufuye (DHK), a traditional Chinese prescription, is used to treat central retinal vein occlusion clinically. We previously reported that DHK prevented diabetic retinopathy (DR) in rats. Moreover, we found that it protected endothelial cells from hyperglycemia-induced apoptosis through antioxidation and anti-inflammation. Here, we investigated whether antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of DHK contributed to its therapeutic effect on DR in streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetic rats...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638031/-anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-effects-of-emoxipine-reamberin-and-mexidol-in-experimental-diabetes-mellitus
#20
I A Volchegorskii, I Yu Miroshnichenko, L M Rassokhina, R M Faizullin, K E Pryakhina
AIM: To perform a comparative study of anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of derivatives of 3-oxypyridine and succinic acid (emoxipine, reamberin and mexidol) in experimental diabetes mellitus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An effect of emoxipine, reamberin and mexidol on manifestations of anxiety in 'elevated plus maze' (EPM) and duration of 'desperate behavior' (DB) in Porsolt test in rats with alloxan diabetes during medication course was studied. Alpha-lipoic (thioctic) acid (α-LA) was used as a reference drug...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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