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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099401/vocal-cord-palsy-in-children-with-cancer-a-10-year-analysis-of-uk-pediatric-intensive-care-admissions
#1
Anna Capsomidis, Andrew Hall, Hamid Daya, Jonathan Round, Donna Lancaster, Jessica Bate
Vocal cord palsy (VCP) is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication in children with cancer. This study reviews UK Intensive Care admissions for children with cancer and VCP using data obtained from the Pediatric Intensive Care Audit Network (PICANet) database. 26 children with cancer and VCP were admitted to intensive care from 2002 to 2012. The majority of admissions (23/26) required respiratory intervention (17 invasive ventilation, 8 noninvasive ventilation, and 5 tracheostomy). VCP should be considered early in children with cancer who present with signs of upper airway obstruction, especially in those receiving vinca-alkaloids as VCP is likely to be reversible...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098644/using-noninvasive-ventilation-in-ordinary-wards-to-treat-acute-respiratory-failure-but-where-when-and-whom-to-treat
#2
Alastair J Glossop, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088804/monitoring-noninvasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-comparison-between-ventilator-built-in-software-and-respiratory-polygraphy
#3
Ramon Fernandez Alvarez, Claudio Rabec, Gemma Rubinos Cuadrado, Juan Alejandro Cascon Hernandez, Patricia Rodriguez, Marjolaine Georges, Pere Casan
BACKGROUND: Polygraphy (PG) remains the standard method of assessing noninvasive ventilation (NIV) effectiveness. Built-in software (BIS) of recent NIV equipment provides estimates of some ventilator parameters, but their usefulness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of BIS compared with PG in a cohort of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) patients on NIV. METHODS: Thirty stable OHS patients on NIV were evaluated in an outpatient setting with simultaneous PG and BIS recordings...
January 14, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081532/cardiovascular-events-in-moderately-to-severely-obese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-on-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#4
Anna Maria Marotta, Jean-Christian Borel, Louis M Galerneau, Renaud Tamisier, Maria R Bonsignore, Jean Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: In moderately to severely obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the effects of long-term positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment on cardiovascular risk are poorly defined. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on the occurrence of cardiovascular events in obese OSA patients. METHODS: We performed a noninterventional observational study in obese OSA patients recruited between 2007 and 2010 at the Sleep Center, University of Grenoble, treated with CPAP or NIV, and followed for 5...
January 13, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074801/delirium-after-cardiac-surgery-a-pilot-study-from-a-single-tertiary-referral-center
#5
Ashok K Kumar, Aveek Jayant, V K Arya, Rohan Magoon, Ridhima Sharma
BACKGROUND: Advances in cardiac surgery has shifted paradigm of management to perioperative psychological illnesses. Delirium is a state of altered consciousness with easy distraction of thoughts. The pathophysiology of this complication is not clear, but identification of risk factors is important for positive postoperative outcomes. The goal of the present study was to prospectively identify the incidence, motoric subtypes, and risk factors associated with development of delirium in cardiac surgical patients admitted to postoperative cardiac intensive care, using a validated delirium monitoring instrument...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061910/use-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-immunocompromised-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Hui-Bin Huang, Biao Xu, Guang-Yun Liu, Jian-Dong Lin, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) remains a common hazardous complication in immunocompromised patients and is associated with increased mortality rates when endotracheal intubation is needed. We aimed to evaluate the effect of early noninvasive ventilation (NIV) compared with oxygen therapy alone in this patient population. METHODS: We searched for relevant studies in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane database up to 25 July 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included if they reported data on any of the predefined outcomes in immunocompromised patients managed with NIV or oxygen therapy alone...
January 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053973/noninvasive-ventilation-during-the-weaning-process-in-chronically-critically-ill-patients
#7
Jesus Sancho, Emilio Servera, Luis Jara-Palomares, Emilia Barrot, Raquel Sanchez-Oro-Gómez, F Javier Gómez de Terreros, M Jesús Martín-Vicente, Isabel Utrabo, M Belen Núñez, Alicia Binimelis, Ernest Sala, Enrique Zamora, Gonzalo Segrelles, Angel Ortega-Gonzalez, Fernando Masa
Chronically critically ill patients often undergo prolonged mechanical ventilation. The role of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) during weaning of these patients remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the value of NIV and whether a parameter can predict the need for NIV in chronically critically ill patients during the weaning process. We conducted a prospective study that included chronically critically ill patients admitted to Spanish respiratory care units. The weaning method used consisted of progressive periods of spontaneous breathing trials...
October 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038339/noninvasive-ventilation-during-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-patients-with-cancer-trends-in-use-and-outcome
#8
A Neuschwander, V Lemiale, M Darmon, F Pène, A Kouatchet, P Perez, F Vincent, J Mayaux, D Benoit, F Bruneel, A P Meert, M Nyunga, A Rabbat, D Mokart, E Azoulay
PURPOSE: The objectives of our study were to describe the outcome of patients with malignancies treated for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and to evaluate factors associated with NIV failure. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a multicenter database within 20 years was performed. All patients with malignancies and Berlin ARDS definition were included. Noninvasive ventilation use was defined as NIV lasting more than 1 hour, whereas failure was defined as a subsequent requirement of invasive ventilation...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035848/the-bumpy-road-for-noninvasive-ventilation-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-coming-to-an-end
#9
Nicholas S Hill, Erik Garpestad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007319/nasal-flaring-as-a-clinical-sign-of-respiratory-acidosis-in-patients-with-dyspnea
#10
José Gregorio Zorrilla-Riveiro, Anna Arnau-Bartés, Ramón Rafat-Sellarés, Dolors García-Pérez, Arantxa Mas-Serra, Rafael Fernández-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the presence of nasal flaring is a clinical sign of respiratory acidosis in patients attending emergency departments for acute dyspnea. METHODS: Single-center, prospective, observational study of patients aged over 15 requiring urgent attention for dyspnea, classified as level II or III according to the Andorran Triage Program and who underwent arterial blood gas test on arrival at the emergency department. The presence of nasal flaring was evaluated by two observers...
December 10, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003559/leak-compensation-algorithms-the-key-remedy-to-noninvasive-ventilation-failure
#11
EDITORIAL
Alban De Luca, Fatimata S Sall, Abdo Khoury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994493/noninvasive-ventilation-with-heliox-for-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-infant-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Chen Long, Wang Li, Li Wanwei, Li Jie, Shi Yuan
Objectives. To assess whether noninvasive ventilation with Heliox reduces the need for endotracheal ventilation and subsequent complications in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Methods. A search of major electronic databases, including MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, for randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials that compared noninvasive ventilation with Heliox versus noninvasive ventilation with standard gas for preterm infants with RDS was performed...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988055/role-of-first-line-noninvasive-ventilation-in-non-copd-subjects-with-pneumonia
#13
Gemma Rialp, Catalina Forteza, Daniel Muñiz, Maria Romero
INTRODUCTION: The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in non-COPD patients with pneumonia is controversial due to its high rate of failure and the potentially harmful effects when NIV fails. The purpose of the study was to evaluate outcomes of the first ventilatory treatment applied, NIV or invasive mechanical ventilation (MV), and to identify predictors of NIV failure. METHODS: Historical cohort study of 159 non-COPD patients with pneumonia admitted to the ICU with ventilatory support...
December 14, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976361/early-nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-nippv-versus-early-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-ncpap-for-preterm-infants
#14
REVIEW
Brigitte Lemyre, Matthew Laughon, Carl Bose, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is a strategy for maintaining positive airway pressure throughout the respiratory cycle through the application of bias flow of respiratory gas to an apparatus attached to the nose. Treatment with NCPAP is associated with decreased risk of mechanical ventilation and might be effective in reducing chronic lung disease. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is a form of noninvasive ventilation during which patients are exposed intermittently to higher levels of airway pressure, along with NCPAP through the same nasal device...
December 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956004/incidence-and-prognostic-impact-of-respiratory-support-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#15
Thomas S Metkus, Aiham Albaeni, Nisha Chandra-Strobos, Shaker M Eid
Data addressing the use of respiratory support in acute coronary syndromes are lacking. To address this evidence gap, we characterized prognostic impact and trends in utilization of invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) from 2002 through 2013 using the National Inpatient Sample. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify patient, hospital, and clinical characteristics associated with requiring IMV or NIV within 24 hours of hospitalization...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940177/-use-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-infants-with-bronchiolitis-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#16
M Guimaraes, M Pomedio, M Viprey, L Kanagaratnam, K Bessaci
High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) is a technique for noninvasive ventilation commonly used in pediatric intensive care units for respiratory distress, particularly in acute bronchiolitis. HFNC was introduced in the pediatric emergency department of the Reims university hospital for the treatment of infants with moderate to severe acute viral bronchiolitis. This retrospective observational study aimed to investigate the use of HFNC in a pediatric emergency ward, describing the groups of infants with acute viral bronchiolitis to be treated either with conventional oxygen therapy or with HFNC therapy...
January 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939229/adjunctive-use-of-noninvasive-ventilation-during-exercise-in-patients-with-decompensated-heart-failure
#17
Igor Gutierrez Moraes, Karen Mota Kimoto, Marcos Brandmuller Fernandes, Samantha Torres Grams, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) as an adjunct strategy for increasing exercise tolerance has been widely investigated in patients with pulmonary diseases. To our knowledge, there are no studies that have used NIV during exercise in patients with decompensated heart failure (HF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of NIV on exercise tolerance in hospitalized patients with decompensated HF. Thirteen patients (77 ± 15 years) with a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 35 ± 15% were included...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927604/factors-predicting-failure-of-noninvasive-ventilation-assist-for-preventing-reintubation-among-medical-critically-ill-patients
#18
Preecha Thomrongpairoj, Surat Tongyoo, Withaya Tragulmongkol, Chairat Permpikul
PURPOSE: Reintubation after failed extubation is associated with high mortality. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been used to prevent reintubation, but the results have been inconclusive. We investigated the factors predicting failure of NIV-assisted extubation among medical critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled patients who were admitted to medical intensive care units at Siriraj Hospital between March 2012 and August 2015 who required more than 48 hours of mechanical ventilation and who received NIV after endotracheal extubation...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925793/reply-hospital-noninvasive-ventilation-for-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-another-look-at-the-same-coin
#19
Anuj B Mehta, Ivor S Douglas, Allan J Walkey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925786/hospital-noninvasive-ventilation-for-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-another-look-at-the-same-coin
#20
Guy W Soo Hoo, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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