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"noninvasive ventilation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913775/role-of-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-in-predicting-in-hospital-outcomes-in-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-preserved-left-ventricular-function-a-5-year-retrospective-analysis
#1
Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Pranathi R Sundaragiri, Anas A Ahmed, Muhammad Sarfraz Nawaz, Hamza A A Rayes, Harish C Devineni, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Dustin A McCann, Christopher S Wichman, Ariel M Modrykamien, Lee E Morrow
BACKGROUND: The role of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is less understood in the risk stratification of patients with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), especially in patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: This retrospective study from 2008 to 2012 evaluated all adult patients with AECOPD having BNP levels and available echocardiographic data demonstrating LVEF ≥40%. The patients were divided into groups 1, 2, and 3 with BNP ≤ 100, 101 to 500, and ≥501 pg/mL, respectively...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912902/evolution-of-the-clinical-profile-of-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-treated-in-spanish-emergency-departments
#2
R Escoda, Ò Miró, F J Martín-Sánchez, J Jacob, P Herrero, V Gil, J M Garrido, M J Pérez-Durá, M Fuentes, P Llorens
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the changes in epidemiology, outpatient and emergency department clinical care, and outcomes of patients treated for acute heart failure (AHF) in Spanish hospital emergency departments (HEDs) between 2007 and 2014. METHOD: A multicentre cohort study was conducted that consecutively included patients with AHF diagnosed in 9HEDs during 4 periods (2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014). The study analysed the changes observed in 20 variables corresponding to baseline data, outpatient care and emergency care data and outcome data...
November 29, 2016: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907966/getting-rid-of-weakness-in-the-icu-an-updated-approach-to-the-acute-management-of-myasthenia-gravis-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#3
Alexis A Lizarraga, Karlo J Lizarraga, Michael Benatar
After prompt diagnosis, severe myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) usually require management in the intensive care unit. In the myasthenic patient, recognition of precipitating factors is paramount, and frequent monitoring of bulbar, upper airway, and/or respiratory muscle strength is needed to identify impending myasthenic crisis. Noninvasive ventilation can be attempted prior to intubation and mechanical ventilation in the setting of respiratory failure. Cholinesterase inhibitors should be discontinued, but resumed prior to extubation, and steroid dosage could be increased once the airway is secured...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903667/experiences-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-adults-with-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-a-review-of-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Hamadziripi Ngandu, Nichola Gale, Jane B Hopkinson
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been shown to be beneficial for patients with respiratory failure; however, many patients fail to tolerate it and require other interventions. The objective of this thematic synthesis was to describe the nature of NIV experiences in adults with hypercapnic respiratory failure. A systematic, computerised literature search of English-language databases was undertaken with no restriction on date of publication. A total of 99 papers was identified and screened for eligibility from databases including CINAHL, Medline and PsycINFO, and some were hand searched...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899532/long-term-management-for-ventilator-assisted-children-in-hong-kong-2-decades-experience
#5
Shuk-Kuen Chau, Ada Wing-Yan Yung, So-Lun Lee
BACKGROUND: The population of children receiving long-term mechanical ventilation is growing worldwide, but only limited data exist in Asian regions. The objective of the study was to review the management of these children in Hong Kong over the past 2 decades. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Hospital records from subjects receiving mechanical ventilation for >3 months were retrieved. Demographic characteristics and medical information of subjects (≤21 y old) under the care of the ventilator program at the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital between 1997 and 2015 were reviewed...
November 29, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887916/interfaces-for-noninvasive-ventilation-in-the-acute-setting-in-children
#6
REVIEW
Guillaume Mortamet, Alessandro Amaddeo, Sandrine Essouri, Sylvain Renolleau, Guillaume Emeriaud, Brigitte Fauroux
The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is very specific in the acute setting as compared to its use in a chronic setting. In the Pediatric Intensive care Unit (PICU), NIV may be required around the clock and initiation has to be fast and easy. Despite the increasing use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and the larger choice of interfaces, data comparing the use of different interfaces for pediatric patients are scarce and recommendations for the most appropriate choice of interface are lacking. However, this choice in acute settings is crucial and a major contributor of the success of NIV...
October 21, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879384/videolaryngoscopy-with-noninvasive-ventilation-in-subjects-with-upper-airway-obstruction
#7
Javier Sayas Catalán, Ignacio Jiménez Huerta, Pedro Benavides Mañas, Manel Luján, Daniel López-Padilla, Eva Arias Arias, Ana Hernández Voth, Claudio Rabec
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) titration may be difficult when dynamic airway obstruction episodes persist, even with high expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP). We aimed to determine the usefulness of videolaryngoscopy during NIV for identifying mechanisms and sites of obstruction and for providing a guide for their resolution in difficult-to-titrate subjects. METHODS: When obstructions during NIV were present in the built-in software, EPAP was raised to 12cm H2O...
November 22, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879383/high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-critically-ill-subjects-with-or-at-risk-for-respiratory-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Wagner Luis Nedel, Caroline Deutschendorf, Edison Moraes Rodrigues Filho
High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen delivery has been gaining attention as an alternative means of respiratory support for critically ill patients, with recent studies suggesting equivalent outcomes when compared with other forms of oxygen therapy delivery. The main objective of this review was to extract current data about the efficacy of HFNC in critically ill subjects with or at risk for respiratory failure. We performed a systematic review of publications (from database inception to October 2015) that evaluated HFNC in critically ill subjects with or at risk for acute respiratory failure and performed a meta-analysis comparing HFNC with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and with standard oxygen therapy regarding major outcomes: incidence of invasive mechanical ventilation and ICU mortality...
November 22, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878795/transcutaneous-versus-blood-carbon-dioxide-monitoring-during-acute-noninvasive-ventilation-in-the-emergency-department-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
Christian Michael Horvath, Martin Hugo Brutsche, Florent Baty, Jochen Julius Rüdiger
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: Transcutaneous measurement of carbon dioxide (PtCO2) has been suggested as an alternative to invasively obtained PaCO2 for the monitoring of patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure during noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Current data on monitoring in hypoxaemic respiratory failure are scarce and show conflicting results in hypercapnic patients in the emergency department. METHODS AND SETTING: We performed a retrospective comparison of real-time PtCO2 (SenTec Digital Monitor) and arterial/venous carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2/PvCO2) measurements in patients with severe hypoxaemic and/or hypercapnic respiratory failure during NIV...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850863/1227-dexmedetomidine-for-tolerance-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Christie Clauss, Sarah Kelly, Michelle Rychalsky, Kevin Couloures
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850649/1011-multicenter-analysis-of-patients-on-noninvasive-ventilation-who-progress-to-transtracheal-support
#11
Monica Koncicki, Jeffrey Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849898/256-impact-of-noninvasive-ventilation-use-on-safety-of-tracheal-intubation-a-multicenter-study
#12
Natalie Napolitano, Guillaume Emeriaud, Lee Polikoff, John Giuliano, Iris Toedt-Pingel, Michael Miksa, Simon Li, Akira Nishisaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842751/noninvasive-ventilation
#13
REVIEW
Giuseppe Bello, Gennaro De Pascale, Massimo Antonelli
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has assumed a prominent role in the treatment of patients with both hypoxemic and hypercapnic acute respiratory failure (ARF). The main theoretic advantages of NIV include avoiding side effects and complications associated with endotracheal intubation, improving patient comfort, and preserving airway defense mechanisms. Factors that affect the success of NIV in patients with ARF are clinicians' expertise, selection of patient, choice of interface, selection of ventilator setting, proper monitoring, and patient motivation...
December 2016: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842746/managing-respiratory-failure-in-obstructive-lung-disease
#14
REVIEW
Stephen P Bergin, Craig R Rackley
Exacerbations of obstructive lung disease are common causes of acute respiratory failure. Short-acting bronchodilators and systemic glucocorticoids are the foundation of pharmacologic management. For patients requiring ventilator support, use of noninvasive ventilation reduces the risk of mortality and progression to invasive mechanical ventilation. Challenges associated with invasive ventilation include ventilator dyssynchrony, air trapping, and dynamic hyperinflation. Careful monitoring and adjustment of ventilatory support parameters helps to optimize the patient-ventilator interaction and minimizes the risk of associated morbidity...
December 2016: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836099/-management-of-cardiogenic-shock-results-from-a-survey-in-france-and-belgium
#15
S Champion, N Deye
PURPOSE: Physician survey on cardiogenic shock management; recommendations for the management of patients with cardiogenic shock are based mostly on experts' opinion. METHODS: Overall 1585 emails were sent to "senior" intensive care physicians from France and Belgium from September 2014 to march 2015. Response rate was 10% (157 respondents). Agreement was assessed based on RAND/UCLA methodology. RESULTS: Continuous monitoring of cardiac output, vascular filling, noninvasive ventilation were deemed appropriate...
November 8, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826324/respiratory-support-with-heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-preterm-infants
#16
REVIEW
Ga Won Jeon
The incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has not decreased over the last decade. The most important way to decrease BPD is by weaning the patient from the ventilator as soon as possible in order to reduce ventilator-induced lung injury that underlies BPD, and by using a noninvasive ventilator (NIV). Use of a heated, humidified, high flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC), which is the most recently introduced NIV mode for respiratory support in preterm infants, is rapidly increasing in many neonatal intensive care units due to the technical ease of use without sealing, and the attending physician's preference compared to other NIV modes...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823711/central-sleep-apnea-in-children-experience-at-a-single-center
#17
Orlane Felix, Alessandro Amaddeo, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Michel Zerah, Stephanie Puget, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Genevieve Baujat, Graziella Pinto, Marta Fernandez-Bolanos, Brigitte Fauroux
OBJECTIVE: Central sleep apnea (CSA) syndromes are rare in children and data in children over one year of age are scarce. The aim of the study was to describe the sleep characteristics, underlying disorders, management, and outcome of children with CSA. PATIENTS/METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all children >1 year of age, diagnosed with CSA on a laboratory sleep study during a 20-month period, was performed. CSA was defined by a central apnea index (CAI) >5 events/h...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822114/danish-register-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
REVIEW
Peter Lange, Sandra Søgaard Tøttenborg, Anne Dichmann Sorknæs, Jørgen Steen Andersen, Mette Søgaard, Henrik Nielsen, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Katrine Abildtrup Nielsen
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Register of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (DrCOPD) is a nationwide database aiming to describe the quality of treatment of all patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Denmark. STUDY POPULATION: DrCOPD comprises data on all patients with a diagnosis of COPD. In the hospital setting, both in- and outpatients are included. In the setting of the general practice (GP), DrCOPD aims to include all patients with a COPD diagnosis who attend an annual control visit for COPD...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812731/assessment-of-heart-rate-acidosis-consciousness-oxygenation-and-respiratory-rate-to-predict-noninvasive-ventilation-failure-in-hypoxemic-patients
#19
Jun Duan, Xiaoli Han, Linfu Bai, Lintong Zhou, Shicong Huang
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a scale using variables easily obtained at the bedside for prediction of failure of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in hypoxemic patients. METHODS: The test cohort comprised 449 patients with hypoxemia who were receiving NIV. This cohort was used to develop a scale that considers heart rate, acidosis, consciousness, oxygenation, and respiratory rate (referred to as the HACOR scale) to predict NIV failure, defined as need for intubation after NIV intervention...
November 3, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806790/-clinical-observation-on-human-alpha-glucosidase-in-treatment-of-five-patients-with-glycogen-storage-disease-%C3%A2
#20
L L Xu, L D Zhang, Y J Liang, W Tang, X Q Huang, Y X Pei, Y C Cheng, H M Huang, C Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the effect of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) on glycogen storage disease typeⅡ(GSDⅡ). Method: The clinical data of three juvenile onset and two infant onset GSDⅡpatients were collected from First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University in October 2015 to July 2016.Patient 1 was female, the age of onset was 15 months. Patient 2 was male, the age of onset was 20 months. Patient 3 was female, the sister of patient 2, the age of onset was 47 months. Patient 4 was male, the age of onset was 5 months...
November 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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