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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938301/are-we-fully-utilizing-the-functionalities-of-modern-operating-room-ventilators
#1
Shujie Liu, Robert M Kacmarek, Jun Oto
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The modern operating room ventilators have become very sophisticated and many of their features are comparable with those of an ICU ventilator. To fully utilize the functionality of modern operating room ventilators, it is important for clinicians to understand in depth the working principle of these ventilators and their functionalities. RECENT FINDINGS: Piston ventilators have the advantages of delivering accurate tidal volume and certain flow compensation functions...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932510/noninvasive-ventilation-during-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-patients-with-cancer-what-really-matters
#2
EDITORIAL
Gunther Hempel, David Petroff, Hermann Wrigge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926214/diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Van Holden, Donald Slack III, Michael T. McCurdy, Nirav G. Shah
Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a clinical diagnosis that is based on changes in dyspnea, cough, and/or sputum production in a COPD patient; however, patients presenting with an acute exacerbation may be undiagnosed or have a variety of comorbid conditions that can complicate diagnosis. This issue presents strategies and algorithms for the early use of evidence-based interventions, including appropriate use of antibiotics, bronchodilators, and corticosteroids, along with noninvasive ventilation with capnography, to minimize morbidity and mortality associated with this disease...
October 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924027/volume-targeted-versus-pressure-limited-in-noninvasive-ventilation-in-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-what-could-be-established-in-real-practice-reply
#4
Zujin Luo, Zhixin Cao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920633/noninvasive-ventilation-in-difficult-endotracheal-intubation-systematic-and-review-analysis
#5
Igor Barjaktarevic, Antonio M Esquinas, Frances Mae West, Jeffrey Albores, David Berlin
Noninvasive ventilation has been widely used in the management of acute respiratory failure in appropriate clinical settings. In addition to known benefit of alleviating the need for invasive mechanical ventilation, recent literature suggested its beneficial use in the process of endotracheal intubation. Search of the PubMed database and manual review of selected articles investigating the methods and outcomes of endotracheal intubation in difficult airway due to hypoxemic respiratory failure and the role of noninvasive ventilation in this process...
September 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915393/the-comparative-effectiveness-of-noninvasive-and-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-pneumonia
#6
Mihaela S Stefan, Aruna Priya, Penelope S Pekow, Tara Lagu, Jay S Steingrub, Nicholas S Hill, Brian H Nathanson, Peter K Lindenauer
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of patients hospitalized with pneumonia treated with noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the HealthFacts multihospital electronic medical record database, we included patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of pneumonia and treated with NIV or IMV. We developed a propensity model for receipt of initial NIV and assessed the outcomes in a propensity-matched cohort, and in a covariate adjusted and propensity score weighted models...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915197/beneficial-effects-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-caution-with-findings-from-meta-analyses
#7
Rémi Coudroy, Nicolas Marjanovic, Jean-Pierre Frat, Arnaud W Thille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910911/-experience-in-exploring-clinical-indications-of-some-special-noninvasive-ventilation-modes
#8
J Gao, X L Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910910/-respiratory-function-measurement-and-noninvasive-ventilation-therapy-for-neuromuscular-diseases
#9
Y Wang, Y M Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910906/-noninvasive-ventilation-in-neuromuscular-diseases-respiratory-support-and-airway-management
#10
L P Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910905/-application-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-postoperative-patients-indications-and-clinical-strategies
#11
Y Xi, Y M Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910904/-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-respiratory-failure-use-at-the-right-time
#12
J S Zeng, S Y Qian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910902/-to-strengthen-the-standardization-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
F Han, B Y Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875324/-extreme-obesity-particular-aspect-of-invasive-and-noninvasive-ventilation
#14
REVIEW
M Deppe, P Lebiedz
The obesity rate is increasing worldwide and the percentage of obese patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) is rising concomitantly. Ventilatory support strategies in obese patients must take into account the altered pathophysiological conditions. Unfortunately, prospective randomized multicenter trials on this subject are lacking. Therefore, current strategies are based on the individual experiences of ICU physicians and single-center studies. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is an efficient treatment option and should be provided as early as possible is an effort to avoid intubation...
September 5, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870157/ten-important-articles-on-noninvasive-ventilation-in-critically-ill-patients-and-insights-for-the-future-a-report-of-expert-opinions
#15
A Cortegiani, V Russotto, M Antonelli, E Azoulay, A Carlucci, G Conti, A Demoule, M Ferrer, N S Hill, S Jaber, P Navalesi, P Pelosi, R Scala, C Gregoretti
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation is used worldwide in many settings. Its effectiveness has been proven for common clinical conditions in critical care such as cardiogenic pulmonary edema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. Since the first pioneering studies of noninvasive ventilation in critical care in the late 1980s, thousands of studies and articles have been published on this topic. Interestingly, some aspects remain controversial (e.g. its use in de-novo hypoxemic respiratory failure, role of sedation, self-induced lung injury)...
September 4, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860265/official-ers-ats-clinical-practice-guidelines-noninvasive-ventilation-for-acute-respiratory-failure
#16
Bram Rochwerg, Laurent Brochard, Mark W Elliott, Dean Hess, Nicholas S Hill, Stefano Nava, Paolo Navalesi, Massimo Antonelli, Jan Brozek, Giorgio Conti, Miquel Ferrer, Kalpalatha Guntupalli, Samir Jaber, Sean Keenan, Jordi Mancebo, Sangeeta Mehta, Suhail Raoof
Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is widely used in the acute care setting for acute respiratory failure (ARF) across a variety of aetiologies. This document provides European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society recommendations for the clinical application of NIV based on the most current literature.The guideline committee was composed of clinicians, methodologists and experts in the field of NIV. The committee developed recommendations based on the GRADE (Grading, Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) methodology for each actionable question...
August 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853426/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-cpap-therapy-and-other-positive-pressure-devices
#17
Antonio Sanna
The Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) consists of recurring episodes of complete or partial obstruction of the pharynx. The application of a continuous positive pressure in the airways (CPAP) is the first therapeutic option that is found to ensure complete patency of the pharynx during sleep, avoiding apneas and hypopneas with resolution of the symptoms. More recently, other devices have been proposed as OSAS treatment. The auto-CPAP has a role in finding the therapeutic value of the CPAP pressure rather than in OSAS therapy...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840025/development-of-acute-parotitis-after-non-invasive-ventilation
#18
Eduardo Martinez, Peter V Dicpinigaitis
A 90-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic exploratory laparotomy for evaluation of suspected mesenteric ischemia. She was promptly extubated postoperatively and transferred to the intensive care unit, where on the first postoperative day she developed hypoxemia necessitating initiation of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) with bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP). After 8 hours of BiPAP, she was noted to have swelling, erythema and tenderness in the right preauricular area. Ultrasound evaluation demonstrated an enlarged right parotid gland...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828372/high-flow-nasal-oxygen-therapy-and-noninvasive-ventilation-in-the-management-of-acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure
#19
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Frat, Rémi Coudroy, Nicolas Marjanovic, Arnaud W Thille
High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy is a recent technique delivering a high flow of heated and humidified gas. HFNC is simpler to use and apply than noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and appears to be a good alternative treatment for hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF). HFNC is better tolerated than NIV, delivers high fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2), generates a low level of positive pressure and provides washout of dead space in the upper airways, thereby improving mechanical pulmonary properties and unloading inspiratory muscles during ARF...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817604/therapeutic-flexible-airway-endoscopy-of-small-children-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-11-years-experience
#20
Wen-Jue Soong, Pei-Chen Tsao, Yu-Sheng Lee, Chia-Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: Use of therapeutic flexible airway endoscopy (TFAE) is very limited in pediatrics. We report our clinical experiences and long term outcomes of TFAE in small children from a single tertiary referral center. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. Small children with their body weight no more than 5.0 kg who had received TFAE between 2005 and 2015 were enrolled. Demographic information and outcomes were reviewed and analyzed from medical charts and TFAE videos...
2017: PloS One
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