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Muscle compostion

Ryusuke Tanaka, Hirokuni Miyamoto, Shin-Ichi Inoue, Kazuhiro Shigeta, Masakazu Kondo, Toshiyuki Ito, Hiroaki Kodama, Hisashi Miyamoto, Teruo Matsushita
Recently, a compost fermented with marine animals with thermophilic Bacillaceae in a clean and exclusive process at high temperature was reported as a possible feed additive to improve the healthy balance in sea fish and mammals (i.e., pigs and rodents). Here, the effects of the oral administration of the compost on the muscle and internal organs of carp (Cyprinus carpio) as a freshwater fish model were investigated. The fatty acid composition was different in the muscle of the carp fed with or without the compost extract, but there was little difference in the hepatopancreas...
May 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Lucie Cowan, Felicity J Haines, Helen E Everett, Bentley Crudgington, Helen L Johns, Derek Clifford, Trevor W Drew, Helen R Crooke
Outbreaks of classical swine fever are often associated with ingestion of pig meat or products derived from infected pigs. Assessment of the disease risks associated with material of porcine origin requires knowledge on the likely amount of virus in the original material, how long the virus may remain viable within the resulting product and how much of that product would need to be ingested to result in infection. Using material from pigs infected with CSFV, we determined the viable virus concentrations in tissues that comprise the majority of pork products...
March 23, 2015: Veterinary Microbiology
Hirokuni Miyamoto, Eiji Shimada, Takashi Satoh, Ryusuke Tanaka, Kenshiro Oshima, Wataru Suda, Shinji Fukuda, Takumi Nishiuchi, Makiko Matsuura, Kenichi Mori, Hisashi Miyamoto, Hiroshi Ohno, Masahira Hattori, Hiroaki Kodama, Teruo Matsushita
The extract of compost from fermented marine animals and thermophiles, including Bacillaceae, confers health benefits as a feed additive for fish and pigs. However, little research has explored how such compost extracts affect the physiological functions of the animals. In this study, the physiological effects of oral administration of the compost extract on the liver and muscle of rats are evaluated. After long-term administration of the compost extract in rats fed with either a normal diet or a high-fat diet over 3 months, accumulation of lipid peroxide and malondialdehyde, a marker of peroxidation, in the livers was reduced...
August 2013: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Ryusuke Tanaka, Hirokuni Miyamoto, Hiroaki Kodama, Nobuhiro Kawachi, Motoaki Udagawa, Hisashi Miyamoto, Teruo Matsushita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2010: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
I Papajová, P Juris, E Szabová, J Venglovský, N Sasáková, H Sefcíková, J Martinez, T Gábon
Investigations were carried out under operating conditions of Field Composting Factory in Brezno (Slovak Republic) to determine the effect of anaerobic stabilization of organic wastes from public areas on the survival of model helminth Toxocara canis and Ascaris suum eggs. Due to anaerobic conditions, low temperature, low C:N ratio and changes in physical and chemical properties of organic waste, less than 64% of A. suum eggs remained viable after 150 days of stabilisation. The anaerobic stabilisation had a greater effect on the viability of T...
July 2008: Bioresource Technology
O M Poulsen, N O Breum, N Ebbehøj, A M Hansen, U I Ivens, D van Lelieveld, P Malmros, L Matthiasen, B H Nielsen, E M Nielsen
In order to reduce the strain on the environment from the deposition of waste in landfills and combustion at incineration plants, several governments throughout the industrialized world have planned greatly increased recycling of domestic waste by the turn of the millennium. To implement the plans, new waste recycling facilities are to be built and the number of workers involved in waste sorting and recycling will increase steadily during the next decade. Several studies have reinforced the hypothesis that exposure to airborne microorganisms and the toxic products thereof are important factors causing a multitude of health problems among workers at waste sorting and recycling plants...
May 19, 1995: Science of the Total Environment
F S Steven, K Broady, D S Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 1969: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
K Nowak, A Malarska, L Ostropolska, M Kuczek, O Zowmir, A Slomińska, M Wolny, T Baranowski
1. The amino acid compostion, N- and C-terminal amino acid sequences, and the subunit molecular weight of glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase from human muscle, were determined. The obtained results and the maps of tryptic peptides suggest that the enzyme is composed of four identical or very similar polypeptide chains. 2. From the tryptic digest of performic acid-oxidized enzyme, 32 peptides were isolated. The amino acid sequence analysis showed a high degree of homology with the corresponding tryptic peptides of the dehydrogenase from pig muscle, with 9 replacements and probably two additional amino acids in the examined sequences of the human muscle enzyme...
1976: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Iu A Khoroshkov, S S Shishkin
Electron-microscopic and chemical analysis of the fraction of RNP-particles, samples of the muscle tissue of the posterior limb of rat and of the human musculus rectus abdominis was carried out for the purpose of characterizing ribosomes of the skeletomuscular tissue. RNP-particle fraction proved to contain functionally-active mono- and poly ribosomes. Two RNA fractions-- RNA1 and RAN11 were isolated. RNA1 proved to represent a set of ribosomic RNA with sedimentation coefficients 26-28S, 16-18S and 4-5S. RNA11 contained no ribosomal RNA, and by its nucleotide composition was affiliated to the nucleotide compostion of rat DNA...
May 1976: Biulleten' Eksperimental'noĭ Biologii i Meditsiny
G E Lobley, A B Wilson, A S Bruce
Fibre types in 11 skeletal muscles from New Zealand White rabbits were differentiated on the basis of histochemical staining reactions for Ca2+-adenosine triphosphatase (Ca2+ATPase) at pH 9-4, cytochrome oxidase, succinate dehydrogenase and L-glycerol-3-phosphate:menadione oxidoreductase activities. Using these enzyme reactions it was convenient to divide muscle fibres into three main categories in 'white' muscles and two in 'red' muscles. Between weaning and early maturity most muscles showed little change in fibre type composition, particularly when Ca2+-ATPase activity was used as the criterion...
April 1977: Journal of Anatomy
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