keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

leak factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223464/reversal-of-pap-failure-with-the-repap-protocol
#1
Barry Krakow, Victor A Ulibarri, Natalia D McIver, Carli Yonemoto, Alyssa Tidler, Jessica Obando, Michelle R Foley-Shea, Jonathan Ornelas, Spencer Dawson
BACKGROUND: Re-titrations, an atypical approach to reverse PAP failure, was investigated retrospectively. METHODS: Application of our re-titration of PAP (REPAP) protocol in subjects with previous PAP failure assessed original technology (masks, modes, and pressures) in 273 subjects, of which 70% reported co-occurring psychiatric conditions. The REPAP protocol emphasized changes in pressure modes and settings to address expiratory pressure intolerance and residual breathing events; mask changes were facilitated...
February 21, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217447/aging-related-erectile-dysfunction-potential-mechanism-to-halt-or-delay-its-onset
#2
REVIEW
Monica G Ferrini, Nestor F Gonzalez-Cadavid, Jacob Rajfer
Erectile dysfunction (ED) will visit every man at some time in his life. The age at when that knock on the door is heard is totally dependent on one's genetics as well as other extrinsic factors. Unlike guests who come for a visit and then leave, once ED shows up it tends to hang around forever. To add insult to injury, the longer ED hangs around, the worse it will get. It is estimated that by the time a man is in his 40's, he has about a 40% chance of having some form of ED and this prevalence increases about 10% per decade thereafter...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217380/parasagittal-meningiomas-our-surgical-experience-and-the-reconstruction-technique-of-the-superior-sagittal-sinus
#3
Alessandro Ricci, Hambra Di Vitantonio, Danilo De Paulis, Mattia Del Maestro, Massimo Gallieni, Soheila Raysi Dechcordi, Sara Marzi, Renato Juan Galzio
BACKGROUND: The radical resection of parasagittal meningiomas without complications and recurrences is the goal of the neurosurgeon. Nowadays, different managements are proposed. This study describes our surgical technique during the lesional excision and the reconstruction of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS). METHODS: The total removal (Simpson I and II) of parasagittal meningiomas (WHO grade I and II) was obtained in 75 patients from September 2000 to January 2010...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217251/biliary-complications-following-liver-transplantation-single-center-experience-over-three-decades-and-recent-risk-factors
#4
Alexander Kaltenborn, André Gutcke, Jill Gwiasda, Jürgen Klempnauer, Harald Schrem
AIM: To identify independent risk factors for biliary complications in a center with three decades of experience in liver transplantation. METHODS: A total of 1607 consecutive liver transplantations were analyzed in a retrospective study. Detailed subset analysis was performed in 417 patients, which have been transplanted since the introduction of Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD)-based liver allocation. Risk factors for the onset of anastomotic biliary complications were identified with multivariable binary logistic regression analyses...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206788/expectations-for-antibiotics-increase-their-prescribing-causal-evidence-about-localized-impact
#5
Miroslav Sirota, Thomas Round, Shyamalee Samaranayaka, Olga Kostopoulou
OBJECTIVE: Clinically irrelevant but psychologically important factors such as patients' expectations for antibiotics encourage overprescribing. We aimed to (a) provide missing causal evidence of this effect, (b) identify whether the expectations distort the perceived probability of a bacterial infection either in a pre- or postdecisional distortions pathway, and (c) detect possible moderators of this effect. METHOD: Family physicians expressed their willingness to prescribe antibiotics (Experiment 1, n1 = 305) or their decision to prescribe (Experiment 2, n2 = 131) and assessed the probability of a bacterial infection in hypothetical patients with infections either with low or high expectations for antibiotics...
February 16, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196710/a-risk-factor-paper-on-air-leaks-now-it-s-time-for-treatment-strategy-papers-from-the-only-5-tool-hospital-athlete-the-thoracic-surgeon
#6
EDITORIAL
Robert James Cerfolio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192266/risk-factors-and-management-of-intraoperative-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks-in-endoscopic-treatment-of-pituitary-adenoma-analysis-of-492-patients
#7
Qiangyi Zhou, Zhijun Yang, Xingchao Wang, Zhenmin Wang, Chi Zhao, Shun Zhang, Peng Li, Shiwei Li, Pinan Liu
OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors and management of intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage in endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma surgery. METHODS: we conducted a retrospective review of 492 patients who, between April 2012 and August 2015, underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgeries for resection of pituitary adenoma. A multivariate statistical analysis was performed to investigate the association of some risk factors with intraoperative CSF leakage...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188033/success-and-safety-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-children
#8
Jordan D Rosen, Rebecca S Lane, Jose M Martinez, Eduardo A Perez, Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Robert M Van Haren, Ashwini Kumar, Juan E Sola
PURPOSE: Despite its diagnostic and therapeutic utility, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is underutilized in children. METHODS: Patients younger than 18years undergoing ERCP from 2000 to 2014 at a children's hospital were identified. Patient characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 215 ERCPs (78% therapeutic) were performed in 184 patients. Our cohort was 67% female, with a median age (IQR) of 14 (8) years...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186448/retrospective-review-of-previous-minor-leak-before-major-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-diagnosed-by-mri-as-a-predictor-of-occurrence-of-symptomatic-delayed-cerebral-ischemia
#9
Shinri Oda, Masami Shimoda, Akihiro Hirayama, Masaaki Imai, Fuminari Komatsu, Hideaki Shigematsu, Jun Nishiyama, Kazuko Hotta, Mitsunori Matsumae
OBJECTIVE This study attempted to determine whether a previous minor leak correlated with the occurrence of symptomatic delayed cerebral ischemia (sDCI). METHODS The authors retrospectively evaluated sDCI-related clinical features and findings from MRI, including T1-weighted imaging (T1WI)-FLAIR mismatch at the time of admission, in 151 patients admitted with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) within 48 hours of ictus. RESULTS The overall incidence of sDCI was 23% (35 of 151 patients). In all subjects, multivariate analysis revealed that World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies Grades II-V, age 70 years or older, presence of rebleeding after admission, a previous minor leak before the major SAH attack as diagnosed by T1WI-FLAIR mismatch, acute infarction on diffusion-weighted imaging, and CT SAH score were significantly associated with occurrence of sDCI...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176790/architectural-and-functional-alterations-of-the-small-intestinal-mucosa-in-classical-whipple-s-disease
#10
H-J Epple, J Friebel, V Moos, H Troeger, S M Krug, K Allers, K Schinnerling, A Fromm, B Siegmund, M Fromm, J D Schulzke, T Schneider
Classical Whipple's disease (CWD) affects the gastrointestinal tract and rather elicits regulatory than inflammatory immune reactions. Mechanisms of malabsorption, diarrhea, and systemic immune activation are unknown. We here analyzed mucosal architecture, barrier function, and immune activation as potential diarrheal trigger in specimens from 52 CWD patients. Our data demonstrate villus atrophy and crypt hyperplasia associated with epithelial apoptosis and reduced alkaline phosphatase expression in the duodenum of CWD patients...
February 8, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175991/spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks-in-the-anterior-skull-base-secondary-to-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#11
Gabriel Martínez-Capoccioni, Ramón Serramito-García, Maria Martín-Bailón, Alfredo García-Allut, Carlos Martín-Martín
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks represent a clinical entity in which CSF rhinorrhea occurs in the absence of any inciting event. Spontaneous CSF leaks are associated with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) or have underlying idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We report a cohort of patients who have undergone nasal endoscopic repair for spontaneous CSF leaks. We review our perioperative complications and the effectiveness of the nasal endoscopic approach to repair spontaneous CSF leaks...
February 7, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173839/characterisation-of-larval-habitats-species-composition-and-factors-associated-with-the-seasonal-abundance-of-mosquito-fauna-in-gezira-sudan
#12
Mostafa M Mahgoub, Eliningaya J Kweka, Yousif E Himeidan
BACKGROUND: Larval source management (LSM), which requires an understanding of the ecology and composition of the local mosquito fauna, is an important parameter in successful vector control programmes. The present study was conducted to understand the distribution of larval habitats, species composition and factors associated with the seasonal abundance of mosquito larvae in Gezira irrigation Scheme in Gezira state, central Sudan. METHODS: Cross-sectional larval surveys were carried out in the communities of Barakat (urban) and El-Kareiba (semi-urban), in Wad Madani, Gezira...
February 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168411/potential-therapeutic-role-of-punicalagin-against-mechanical-trauma-induced-stress-urinary-incontinence-via-upregulation-of-nrf2-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-signaling-effect-of-punicalagin-on-mechanical-trauma-induced-sui
#13
Jianming Tang, Cheng Liu, Jie Min, Ming Hu, Yang Li, Li Hong
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the effect of punicalagin (PUN; 2,3-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-gallagyl-D-glucose), on mechanical-trauma-induced stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in mouse and the mechanisms underlying any effects. METHODS: Ninety virgin female C57BL/6 mice were randomized into six groups: five groups underwent vaginal distention (VD) for 1 h and leak-point pressure (LPP) was measured on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, and 28th day following (VD groups 1 d, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d)...
February 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163089/comparative-effectiveness-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-and-conventional-approaches-to-major-or-challenging-hepatectomy
#14
Lucas W Thornblade, Xu Shi, Alex Ruiz, David R Flum, James O Park
BACKGROUND: The benefits of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for low-risk or minor liver resection are well established. There is growing interest in MIS for major hepatectomy (MH) and other challenging resections, but there remain unanswered questions of safety that prevent broad adoption of this technique. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing hepatectomy at 65 hospitals participating in the NSQIP Hepatopancreatobiliary Collaborative in 2014...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161484/twenty-year-experience-with-aorto-enteric-fistula-repair-gastrointestinal-complications-predict-mortality
#15
Atish Chopra, Lucyna Cieciura, J Gregory Modrall, R James Valentine, Jayer Chung
BACKGROUND: Aorto-enteric fistulae (AEF) represent a lethal subset of aortic graft infections. The optimal management of AEF remains unclear. We aimed to identify predictors of morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a single-center retrospective review of consecutive AEF repairs. Demographics, co-morbidities, and peri-operative variables were obtained. Descriptive statistics, Chi-squared, Kruskall-Wallis, and Cox proportional-hazards modeling were utilized where appropriate...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152569/changing-pattern-of-biliary-complications-in-an-evolving-liver-transplant-unit
#16
A Rammohan, S Govil, J Vargese, V Kota, M S Reddy, M Rela
BACKGROUND: Biliary complications remain a significant cause of morbidity following liver transplantation. This series of 640 Liver transplant recipients with a blend of living and deceased donor transplants was analyzed to determine the incidence, risk factors, management protocol and outcomes in these patients. METHODS: Review of a prospectively collected database of transplant recipients operated between Aug 2009 and June 2016 was performed. Patients were divided into those with and without biliary complications and data was analyzed...
February 2, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151764/increased-resistance-to-flow-and-ventilator-failure-secondary-to-faulty-co2-absorbent-insert-not-detected-during-automated-anesthesia-machine-check-a-case-report
#17
Ingrid Moreno-Duarte, Julio Montenegro, Konstantin Balonov, Roman Schumann
Most modern anesthesia workstations provide automated checkout, which indicates the readiness of the anesthesia machine. In this case report, an anesthesia machine passed the automated machine checkout. Minutes after the induction of general anesthesia, we observed a mismatch between the selected and delivered tidal volumes in the volume auto flow mode with increased inspiratory resistance during manual ventilation. Endotracheal tube kinking, circuit obstruction, leaks, and patient-related factors were ruled out...
February 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149549/calcification-of-arteries-supplying-the-gastric-tube-increases-the-risk-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-esophagectomy-with-cervical-anastomosis
#18
Liang Zhao, Gefei Zhao, Jiagen Li, Bin Qu, Susheng Shi, Xiaoli Feng, Hao Feng, Jun Jiang, Qi Xue, Jie He
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak is an important cause of morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer patients. Calcification of the arteries supplying the gastric tube has been found to be associated with leakage after esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis in Europeans. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between calcifications of the supplying arteries of the gastric tube and the occurrence of anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis in Chinese patients with esophageal cancer...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148456/common-side-closure-type-but-not-stapler-brand-or-oversewing-influences-side-to-side-anastomotic-leak-rates
#19
V A Fleetwood, K N Gross, G C Alex, C S Cortina, J B Smolevitz, S Sarvepalli, S R Bakhsh, J Poirier, J A Myers, M A Singer, B A Orkin
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak (AL) increases costs and cancer recurrence. Studies show decreased AL with side-to-side stapled anastomosis (SSA), but none identify risk factors within SSAs. We hypothesized that stapler characteristics and closure technique of the common enterotomy affect AL rates. METHODS: Retrospective review of bowel SSAs was performed. Data included stapler brand, staple line oversewing, and closure method (handsewn, HC; linear stapler [Barcelona technique], BT; transverse stapler, TX)...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147352/pathogenesis-of-intestinal-fibrosis-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-perspectives-for-therapeutic-implication
#20
REVIEW
Dominik Bettenworth, Florian Rieder
BACKGROUND: Intestinal fibrosis with stricture formation is a common feature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and leads to a significantly impaired quality of life in affected patients, intestinal obstruction as well as to the need for surgical intervention. This constitutes a major treatment challenge. Key Messages: Fibrosis results from the response of gut tissue to the insult inflicted by chronic inflammation. Similarly to what occurs in other organs, the underlying fibrogenic mechanisms are complex and dynamic, involving multiple cell types, interrelated cellular events, and a large number of soluble factors...
2017: Digestive Diseases
keyword
keyword
111393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"