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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332112/evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-peer-education-on-smoking-behavior-among-high-school-students
#1
Nurcan Bilgiç, Türkan Günay
To evaluate the effectiveness of peer education on changing the smoking behavior of high schoolage children's.  Methods: In this interventional study; transtheoretical model, which is one of the cognitive-behavioral models was used for application of the peer education. Study was conducted in Izmir during 2011-2012 education period and included 338 students from 2 high schools The independent variable of the study is peer training.  Descriptive variables for a student are age, gender, tendecy of friends to smoke inside and outside the school,  the age they have first experienced the habit,  reasons for nicotine consumption,  levels of addiction,  chatting about smoking and related harms...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331837/spontaneous-focusing-on-numerosity-in-preschool-as-a-predictor-of-mathematical-skills-and-knowledge-in-the-fifth-grade
#2
Cristina E Nanu, Jake McMullen, Petriina Munck, Minna M Hannula-Sormunen
Previous studies in a variety of countries have shown that there are substantial individual differences in children's spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON), and these differences are positively related to the development of early numerical skills in preschool and primary school. A total of 74 5-year-olds participated in a 7-year follow-up study, in which we explored whether SFON measured with very small numerosities at 5 years of age predicts mathematical skills and knowledge, math motivation, and reading in fifth grade at 11 years of age...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331618/efficacy-and-safety-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-dermatophagoides-farinae-drops-in-pre-school-and-school-age-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#3
L-X Tang, X-J Yang, P-P Wang, W-T Ge, J Zhang, Y-L Guo, J Lu, J Tai, Y-M Zhang, X Ni
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) have been confirmed by many studies. However, in China, the research on efficacy and safety in young and older children with allergic rhinitis (AR) is still rare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SLIT with Dermatophagoides farinae drops in pre-school and school-age children with AR. METHODS: A total of 282 subjects aged 2-13 years with AR received a two-year course of sublingual immunotherapy along with pharmacotherapy...
January 10, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331617/asthma-predictive-index-in-relation-to-respiratory-mechanics-by-impulse-oscillometry-in-recurrent-wheezers
#4
T Arikoglu, S B Batmaz, D D Yildirim, Ö Tezol, G Bozlu, S Kuyucu
BACKGROUND: The identification of children who will have persistent asthma has become a focus of recent research. The aim of this study was to assess whether impulse oscillometry (IOS) has a diagnostic value to predict modified API (asthma predictive index) in pre-schoolers with recurrent wheezing. METHODS: Pre-school children aged 3-6 years with recurrent wheezing were enrolled. The study population was divided into two groups based on mAPI criteria. Lung function was assessed by IOS...
January 10, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331099/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-teacher-rating-scale-as-a-screening-tool-for-early-detection-of-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-schools-in-a-lower-middle-income-setting
#5
Olawunmi Olagundoye, Alex Igundunasse, Morenike Aluko
Background Despite the need to curb the menace resulting from the negative trajectory of disruptive behaviour disorders (DBD) in societies of the world today, there is yet a dearth of locally standardised tools for the early detection of these disorders in Nigeria. This study was aimed at standardising the DBD teacher rating scale (DBD-TRS) to be culturally specific using teachers' ratings of their students. Objectives To establish norm scores for the three categories of DBD on the DBD-TRS, to evaluate the reliability, validity, predictive power, sensitivity and specificity of DBD-TRS items for identifying DBD symptoms amongst children/adolescents between the ages of 4 and 16 years...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330920/macronutrient-and-fibre-intake-of-young-spanish-children-with-reference-to-their-in-utero-growth-status-are-they-eating-a-healthy-diet
#6
Rozina Nuruddin, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Merida Rodriguez-Lopez, Dolores Garcia-Arenas, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi, Ruthy Acosta-Rojas
AIM: To compare macronutrient and fibre intake by pre-school children born with intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) or as appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and to compare their intake with paediatric nutritional recommendations for identification of potential areas of modification during early life. METHODS: A parental 3-day dietary record was obtained for children of age 1-6 years, born at Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain (2002-2007) with IUGR (n = 37) or AGA (n = 53)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330555/performance-of-low-income-dual-language-learners-attending-english-only-schools-on-the-clinical-evaluation-of-language-fundamentals-fourth-edition-spanish
#7
Beatriz Barragan, Anny Castilla-Earls, Lourdes Martinez-Nieto, M Adelaida Restrepo, Shelley Gray
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the performance of a group of Spanish-speaking, dual language learners (DLLs) who were attending English-only schools and came from low-income and low-parental education backgrounds on the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-Fourth Edition, Spanish (CELF-4S; Semel, Wiig, & Secord, 2006). Method: Spanish-speaking DLLs (N = 656), ages 5;0 (years;months) to 7;11, were tested for language impairment (LI) using the core language score of the CELF-4S and the English Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test (Dawson, Stout, & Eyer, 2003)...
January 12, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330314/developmental-disability-at-school-age-and-difficulty-obtaining-follow-up-data
#8
Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Alice Burnett, Catherine Callanan, Marion McDonald, Marie Hayes, Gillian Opie, Elizabeth Carse, Jeanie L Y Cheong
BACKGROUND: The relationship of developmental disability rates with difficulty obtaining follow-up data is unclear. With this study, we aimed to determine if children who attended research follow-up assessments with more difficulty had more disability at school age, compared with those who attended with less difficulty, and to establish the relationship between follow-up and disability rates. METHODS: Two groups, comprising 219 consecutive survivors born at <28 weeks' gestation or at <1000 g birth weight in the state of Victoria, Australia, in 2005, and 218 term-born, normal birth weight controls were assessed at 8 years of age for neurodevelopmental disability (any of IQ <-1 SD, cerebral palsy, blindness, or deafness)...
January 12, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329561/strongyloides-stercoralis-and-hookworm-co-infection-spatial-distribution-and-determinants-in-preah-vihear-province-cambodia
#9
Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is largely neglected, while hookworm causes the highest public health burden among STH. The two parasites have the same infection route, i.e. skin penetration. The extent of co-distribution, which could result in potential high co-morbidities, is unknown in highly endemic settings like Cambodia...
January 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329533/nutritional-status-of-in-school-children-and-its-associated-factors-in-denkyembour-district-eastern-region-ghana-comparing-schools-with-feeding-and-non-school-feeding-policies
#10
Mavis Pearl Kwabla, Charlotte Gyan, Francis Zotor
BACKGROUND: Childhood malnutrition still remains a major public health problem impacting negatively on the academic aptitude of school-aged children (SAC) particularly in limited resource countries. The Government of Ghana in collaboration with the Dutch Government introduced the school feeding programme (SFP) to boost the nutritional status of SAC in the country. This study sought to compare the nutritional status of SAC enrolled in schools with the SFP and SAC enrolled in schools without the SFP in place for the purpose of identifying which group has the higher rate of malnutrition...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329511/classifying-and-characterizing-the-development-of-adaptive-behavior-in-a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-young-children-with-autism
#11
Cristan Farmer, Lauren Swineford, Susan E Swedo, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behavior, or the ability to function independently in ones' environment, is a key phenotypic construct in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Few studies of the development of adaptive behavior during preschool to school-age are available, though existing data demonstrate that the degree of ability and impairment associated with ASD, and how it manifests over time, is heterogeneous. Growth mixture models are a statistical technique that can help parse this heterogeneity in trajectories...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329293/cognitive-deficits-and-educational-loss-in-children-with-schistosome-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Amara E Ezeamama, Amaya L Bustinduy, Allan K Nkwata, Leonardo Martinez, Noel Pabalan, Michael J Boivin, Charles H King
BACKGROUND: By means of meta-analysis of information from all relevant epidemiologic studies, we examined the hypothesis that Schistosoma infection in school-aged children (SAC) is associated with educational loss and cognitive deficits. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This review was prospectively registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42016040052). Medline, Biosis, and Web of Science were searched for studies published before August 2016 that evaluated associations between Schistosoma infection and cognitive or educational outcomes...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329288/soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-loss-of-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Noel Pabalan, Eloisa Singian, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Michael J Boivin, Amara E Ezeamama
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an adverse influence of soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections on cognitive function and educational loss is equivocal. Prior meta-analyses have focused on randomized controlled trials only and have not sufficiently explored the potential for disparate influence of STH infection by cognitive domain. We re-examine the hypothesis that STH infection is associated with cognitive deficit and educational loss using data from all primary epidemiologic studies published between 1992 and 2016...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#14
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327497/congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-broader-cognitive-deficits-revealed-by-parent-controls
#15
Frank A Zelko, Tracey M Stewart, Cindy D Brogadir, Casey M Rand, Debra E Weese-Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate neurocognitive deficits in children with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) by comparing them to their parents, since parents comprise a particularly suitable control group matched on disease-extrinsic factors that can influence neurocognitive functioning. We compared CCHS patients to their parents and to population norms, hypothesizing that they would obtain lower intelligence test scores than both groups. We also compared patient-parent differences against patient-normative differences, to determine whether the two analytic approaches would yield different results...
January 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327387/student-survey-trends-in-reported-alcohol-use-and-influencing-factors-in-australia
#16
John W Toumbourou, Bosco Rowland, Matin Ghayour-Minaie, Shauna Sherker, George C Patton, Joanne W Williams
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is a need to explain reported trends of reduced alcohol and drug (substance) use in school-aged children in Australia. This study used student survey data collected in the states of Victoria, Western Australia and Queensland to examine trends in substance use and associated influencing factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Youth self-reports were examined from 11 cross-sectional surveys completed by 41 328 adolescents (average age 13.5 years, 52...
January 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#17
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326415/factors-affecting-early-school-age-children-s-subjective-happiness-using-the-actor-partner-interdependence-model-of-parental-variables
#18
Kinoh Kang, Jungho Kim, Jungmin Kim, Hyoeun Jeong, Jeongwon Han
PURPOSE: The present study is a descriptive cross-sectional study of cause-and-effect relationship, which used the 7(th) year data of the Panel Study on Korean Children, to investigate the effects of parenting stress, depression, and family interactions of the parents of early school-age children on children's subjective happiness. METHODS: The present study included data of 1419 pairs of parents who participated in the mother and father survey of the Panel Study on Korean Children...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325891/fresh-fruit-and-vegetable-program-and-requests-for-fruits-and-vegetables-outside-school-settings
#19
Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Elizabeth Dachenhaus, Jessie Gruner, Kristina Mollner, Eric B Hekler, Michael Todd
BACKGROUND: Consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) among elementary school-aged children remains inadequate, especially among low-income children. The US Department of Agriculture's Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) provides F/V as snacks to children during the school day, outside of school meals. School-based initiatives are successful in changing behaviors in school settings; however, their influence on behaviors outside of schools needs investigation. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether FFVP participation is associated with F/V requests at stores, self-efficacy to ask for and choose F/V at home, and F/V consumption...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#20
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
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