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Dermoid cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766474/masses-of-developmental-and-genetic-origin-affecting-the-paediatric-craniofacial-skeleton
#1
REVIEW
Salvatore Stefanelli, Pravin Mundada, Anne-Laure Rougemont, Vincent Lenoir, Paolo Scolozzi, Laura Merlini, Minerva Becker
Although rare, masses and mass-like lesions of developmental and genetic origin may affect the paediatric craniofacial skeleton. They represent a major challenge in clinical practice because they can lead to functional impairment, facial deformation and disfigurement. The most common lesions include fibrous dysplasia, dermoid cysts, vascular malformations and plexiform neurofibromas. Less common lesions include torus mandibularis and torus palatinus, cherubism, nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, meningoencephalocele and nasal sinus tract...
May 15, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762331/rare-location-for-pilonidal-sinus-the-nasal-dorsum
#2
Ayhan Kars, Fatma Atalay, Korhan Kilic, Fatih Bingöl, Yusuf Can
Pilonidal sinuses are recurrent chronic inflammatory lesions which may occur due to penetration of hair particles into skin. Herein, the authors report a pilonidal sinus case that is unusually seen on nasal dorsum and totally excised with the open technique rhinoplasty method. A 20-year-old male patient was admitted to the authors' outpatient clinic with complaints of dysmorphism and discharge from nasal dorsum. Physical examination revealed a swelling in nasal dorsum and hair-containing fistula. Excision was performed with an open rhinoplasty approach...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753895/infected-intradural-dermoid-cyst-with-complete-dermal-sinus-of-posterior-fossa
#3
Félix K K Ségbédji, A J Tokpo, A A Nubukpo-Guménu, N K Alaoui, L M A Quenum, K Chakour, M F Chaoui, M Benzagmout
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dermoid cysts represent benign embryologic tumors. Children and young adults are most affected. Infected intradural dermoid cyst with complete dermal sinus of posterior fossa is exceptional. The main feature of this dermal sinus leads from the midline intradural cyst through an opening in the occipital bone to be attached to the skin. METHOD: We report two cases of infected intradural dermoid cyst with complete dermal sinus of posterior fossa in children, with special attention to the clinical, anatomical features of this rare combination...
May 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725281/ovarian-reserve-evaluation-after-laparoscopic-cyst-enucleation-depending-on-applied-haemostasis-technique-and-with-particular-consideration-of-endometrial-cysts
#4
Dariusz Owczarek, Andrzej Malinowski, Miłosz Wilczyński
Aim of the study: was an evaluation of the effects, exerted by obtained haemostasis on ovarian reserve, depending on haemostasis technique, applied after laparoscopic enucleation of endometrial cysts. Material and methods: Sixty-six female patients, at the age of 20-35 years, were included into the study. The diameters of the cystic lesions were within 40-70 mm. The patients were randomly assigned to two study groups. Group 1 involved patients after laparoscopic enucleation of ovarian cysts, in whom haemostasis was achieved by ovary suturing, while Group 2 included patients with haemostasis achieved by bipolar coagulation technique...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721231/cystic-mass-of-the-floor-of-the-mouth
#5
Aina Brunet-Garcia, Elizabeth-Daniela Lucena-Rivero, Laia Brunet-Garcia, Marta Faubel-Serra
Background: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts in the oral cavity are relatively uncommon lesions of developmental origin. They often remain asymptomatic for years until they grow enough to interfere with speech, deglutition and less often with breathing which can pose a critical risk to the airway and require immediate surgery. Case description: A case of an epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth affecting a 37-year-old man is presented; this lesion was surgically enucleated with an intraoral approach...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719307/magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-and-transvaginal-ultrasonography-tvu-at-ovarian-pain-caused-by-benign-ovarian-lesions
#6
Amela Sofic, Azra Husic-Selimovic, Vahidin Katica, Elma Jahic, Una Delic, Adnan Sehic, Fuad Julardzija
Research goal: The aim of the research is to define the possibilities of TVU and the MRI in the diagnosis of the most common benign ovarian lesions which cause pelvic pain. Patients and methods: In study were included n=74 patients with pelvic pain, who were examined with TVU and then with an MRI of pelvis. Diagnostic results of all patients (n=74) divided into two groups according to the modality that was performed (TVU results n=74 and MRI results n=74 MRI ). We compared the results of TVU and MRI, and with a pathohistological finding after surgery...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676373/ovarian-borderline-mucinous-tumor-with-squamous-overgrowth-an-unusual-finding-with-review-of-literature
#7
Geetha Vasudevan, Padmapriya Jaiprakash, Shyamala Guruvare, Nivedita Samanta
Borderline mucinous tumor (BMT) is often associated with other entities such as dermoid cyst, Brenner tumor, and endometriosis. Squamous areas are often associated which may be a part of BMT or its associated conditions. Here, we describe squamous overgrowth in a case of intestinal type of mucinous borderline tumor in a 29-year-old uniparous female and discuss the diagnostic difficulties.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670783/autoamputation-of-the-appendix-in-a-chronic-adnexal-abscess
#8
C Michele Markey, Lauren E Vestal
Autoamputation of the appendix has rarely been described in the literature. We present a case of a pelvic mass, thought to be a dermoid cyst based on preoperative imaging. After surgical removal and pathological examination, the mass was found to be a chronic pelvic abscess containing the right adnexa as well as an autoamputated vermiform appendix. Differentiating between gynecologic and gastrointestinal disease preoperatively can be difficult and often a definitive diagnosis cannot be made until surgical exploration and pathological review...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670741/coexisting-sublingual-dermoid-cyst-and-heterotopic-gastrointestinal-cyst-case-report
#9
Göksel Şimşek-Kaya, İrem-Hicran Özbudak, Dinçer Kader
A heterotopic oral gastrointestinal cyst coexisting with a lingual dermoid cyst is a rare condition, with only 3 reported cases in the English-language literature. Clinically, both gastrointestinal and dermoid cysts tend to manifest as an asymptomatic swelling. Cysts above the mylohyoid often present with sublingual swelling, whereas those below the mylohyoid present with submental swelling. Increased salivation, altered speech, dyspnea and difficulties in eating, swallowing and respiration may be present, depending on the size of the cyst...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657687/multiple-bilateral-ovarian-mature-cystic-teratomas-with-ovarian-torsion-a-case-report
#10
Iman Fayez, Basel Khreisat, Tarek Athamneh, Reema Omoosh, Mayada A Daibes
Ovarian tumors are a common form of neoplasm in women. Mature cystic teratoma is the most common type, with a bilateral incidence of 8-15%. However, few cases are reported as bilateral and multiple. A rare case of bilateral multiple dermoid cysts in a 19-year-old female patient presented with abdominal pain of one-day duration. Her medical history was unremarkable. Ultrasonography showed multiple bilateral ovarian cystic masses. The patient underwent laparotomy. The masses were excised while preserving the remaining ovarian tissue...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618884/simultaneous-occurrence-of-a-midline-sublingual-dermoid-cyst-with-respiratory-epithelium-and-submental-dermoid-cyst-in-a-paediatric-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Manikandhan Ramanathan, Sivapathasundharam Balasundharam, Amelia Christabel, Preethi Murali, Sneha Pandem
Aim: To present the case of a simultaneously occuring sublingual dermoid cyst with respiratory epthelium and a submental dermoid cyst, and also to review literatures on the same. Methods: A complete examination, radiograph, MRI and excision biopsy of both lesions were carried out and diagnosis was arrived at histopathologically. Results: The histopathology of the submental swelling revealed orthokeratinized stratified squamous epithelium with underlying connective tissue consisting of dense irregularly arranged collagen fibres with fibroblasts along with chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate of lymphocytes and plasma cells...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618346/diagnosis-and-management-of-a-mediastinal-ectopic-thyroid-laying-on-the-right-bronchus-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Alessio Metere, Tiziano De Giacomo, Massimo Vergine, Marco Biffoni, Laura Giacomelli
BACKGROUND: The mediastinal ectopic thyroid is very rare, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of ectopic thyroid tissue. The differential diagnoses with other diseases such as lymphomas, thymic tumors and dermoid cysts is mandatory, in fact each one, needs different management and treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we discuss a rare case of mediastinal ectopic thyroid presenting with a paratracheal mass laying on the right bronchus without symptoms. A 63-year-old male presented with an abnormal well-defined mass along the right paratracheal side, detected by chest x-ray...
April 4, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609087/the-tonsillouvular-fissure-approach-access-to-dorsal-and-lateral-aspects-of-the-fourth-ventricle
#13
Ilhan Aydin, Sahin Hanalioglu, Halil Olgun Peker, Yahya Turan, Hakan Kina, Ulas Cikla, Mustafa K Baskaya
OBJECTIVE: Although approaches to the fourth ventricle (FV) have been studied well, approaches to the lesions located in the dorsal and lateral aspects of the FV have not been demonstrated in anatomical or clinical studies. The aim of present study is to demonstrate the tonsillouvular fissure approach (TUFA) in anatomical dissections and its utilization in surgical series for the first time in the literature. METHODS: For anatomical studies, four formalin-fixed human cadaveric heads infused with colored silicone and ten cerebellar specimens were dissected in a stepwise manner...
March 30, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589985/a-giant-dermoid-cyst-of-the-orbit
#14
Bipasha Mukherjee, Akruti Desai
To describe a unique case of a non-germinomatous germ cell tumor, a giant orbital dermoid, present in adulthood. A 31-year-old male presented in our clinic with gradual, painless, progressive proptosis in the left eye since 28 years associated with gradual loss of vision. The left eye showed gross proptosis. Ocular structures could not be made out. Computed tomography scan showed a well-circumscribed oval heterogeneous mixed solid and cystic lesion completely filling the left orbit with calcification. The differential diagnosis was that of either teratoma or optic nerve glioma...
March 28, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557987/endoscopic-removal-of-a-suprasellar-dermoid-cyst-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Gokmen Kahilogullari, Fatih Yakar, Eyup Bayatli, Esra Erden, Cem Meco, Agahan Unlu
INTRODUCTION: Dermoid cysts (DCs) are unusual benign congenital intracranial tumors that typicallyarise in the midline and form as a result of abnormal sequestration of ectodermal cells during neural tubeformation. In all age groups, endoscopic approaches are preferable for the removal of sellar lesions. A 6-year-old girl with recurrent meningitis underwent endoscopic endonasal surgery forsellar DC. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of a suprasellar DC in a pediatric patient that was removed endoscopically...
March 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554060/rare-report-of-unilateral-postauricular-dermoid-cyst
#16
Je Yeon Byeon, Hwan Jun Choi, Ji Hye Lee
Dermoid cysts are benign developmental anomalies that occurred as a result of the sequestration of the skin along the lines of embryonic closure. Those occurring in the cervicofacial region are uncommon, accounting for about 7% of all dermoids and its presence in postauricular region is further exceptionally rare. A healthy 19-year-old Asian boy presented with a unilateral postauricular cyst that had been present since childhood without any symptom. The computed tomography scan revealed an encapsulated tumor with no intracranial extension...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547084/endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-for-epidermoid-and-dermoid-cysts-a-10-year-experience
#17
Francisco Vaz-Guimaraes, Maria Koutourousiou, John R de Almeida, Elizabeth C Tyler-Kabara, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Eric W Wang, Carl H Snyderman, Paul A Gardner
OBJECTIVE Epidermoid and dermoid cysts may be found along the cranial base and are commonly resected via open transcranial approaches. The use of endoscopic endonasal approaches for resection of these tumors has been rarely reported. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 21 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal surgery for epidermoid and dermoid cyst resection at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between January 2005 and June 2014. Surgical outcomes and variables that might affect the extent of resection and complications were analyzed...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534256/subcutaneoscopic-excision-of-external-angular-dermoid-cysts-our-covert-scar-approach-in-11-cases
#18
Annie Hsiao, Ashwin Pimpalwar
INTRODUCTION:  External angular dermoid cysts, or epidermoid inclusion cysts, are a common subcutaneous tumor of the head and neck. For the majority of these lesions, excision is relatively simple and performed through an incision immediately overlying the mass. Facial lesions in pediatric patients present a unique challenge in that a direct approach carries the potential for visible scar formation. OBJECTIVE:  This article aims to detail our experience with subcutaneoscopic excision of external angular dermoid cysts in pediatric patients using endoscopic instrumentation...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497568/suprasellar-keratinous-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-on-its-radiological-features-and-treatment-outcome
#19
C W Huo, C Caputo, Y Y Wang
Background: Keratinous or epidermoid cysts (ECs) are encapsulated lesions lined by squamous cell epithelium. They comprise approximately 1% of intracranial lesions. Contrary to dermoid cysts, they lack dermal elements such as sebaceous or apocrine glands and hair follicles. The sellar region is the second most common intracranial site following the cerebellopontine angle. Here, we report a case of EC in a patient who complained of endocrine disturbances. We also performed a systematic review on previously published cases to analyze clinical and radiological characteristics and report the treatment outcomes of suprasellar ECs...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497194/electroconvulsive-therapy-for-medication-refractory-depression-in-a-patient-with-ruptured-intracranial-dermoid-cyst-meningioma-and-neurofibromatosis
#20
Priyanka Thukral-Mahajan, Nilesh Shah, Gurvinder Kalra, Chittaranjan Andrade
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered relatively contraindicated in patients with intracranial space-occupying lesions. A 53-year-old male presented with a 5-year history of medication-refractory major depressive disorder. Brain imaging findings suggested the presence of a ruptured dermoid cyst in the transverse sinus and a calcified meningioma in the temporal lobe sulcal space. There was no evidence of mass effect. Neurofibromatosis was the only other clinical condition present. The patient had no clinical neurological deficits...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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