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Dermoid cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713758/two-concurrent-large-epidermoid-cysts-in-sublingual-and-submental-region-resembling-plunging-ranula-report-of-a-rare-case
#1
Ranjan Kumar Sahoo, Pradyumna Kumar Sahoo, Debahuti Mohapatra, Santosh Subudhi
An elderly female patient presented to surgical outpatient clinic with complaint of gradual onset of painless submental and sublingual midline swellings for 6 months of duration. The swellings were noncompressible, nontranslucent, nonpulsatile, and nontender on palpation. Clinical diagnosis was plunging ranula or dermoid cysts. Ultrasound examination of sublingual swelling showed cystic lesion with particulate content. Submental swelling showed cystic swelling with few echogenic floating lobules inside suggesting possibility of epidermoid/dermoid cyst...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707961/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#2
Shaista Siddiqui, Shazia Naaz, Mehtab Ahmad, Zafar Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Basmah Abdur Rashid
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) or Haberland syndrome is an uncommon sporadic neurocutaneous syndrome of unknown origin. The rarity and common ignorance of the condition often makes diagnosis difficult. The hallmark of this syndrome is the triad of skin, ocular and central nervous system (CNS) involvement and includes a long list of combination of conditions. Herein we report a case of a 5-month-old male child who presented to our centre with complaint of seizure. The patient had various cutaneous and ocular stigmatas of the disease in the form of patchy alopecia of the scalp, right-sided limbal dermoid and a nodular skin tag near the lateral canthus of the right eye...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706413/virilization-in-a-postmenopausal-female-due-to-androgen-secreting-ovarian-dermoid-cyst
#3
Murali Subbaiah, Gowri Dorairajan, Debasis Gochhait, G Vijayalakshmi
Virilizing ovarian dermoid cysts are very rare. The source of androgen in these cysts may be tumors such as Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor or Leydig cell hyperplasia. A 52-year-old postmenopausal female with virilization was found to have an ovarian dermoid cyst on ultrasound. Her serum testosterone levels were elevated. Leydig cell hyperplasia within the dermoid cyst was found to be the source of androgen in this patient.
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704893/clinical-characteristics-of-idiopathic-epidermoid-and-dermoid-cysts-of-the-ear
#4
Yesun Cho, Dong-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts are benign cystic lesions, lined by ectodermal squamous epithelium. They are not common in the head and neck areas, which constitute ~7% of all cases of epidermoid and dermoid cysts. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of epidermoid and dermoid cysts that developed around the ear. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The clinical records were retrospectively reviewed for patients confirmed histologically as idiopathic epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the ear from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694627/osteolytic-skull-lesions-our-experience
#5
B V Sandeep, Manpreet Singh Banga, Suniti Kumar Saha, Kaushik Roy
OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of varied clinical presentations, investigations and treatment options for Osteolytic skull lesions. STUDY DESIGN: It is a prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted this study from January 2013 to December 2015 in the Department of Neurosurgery, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. During this period, 14 patients presented with osteolytic skull lesions through the outpatient department...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678954/occurrence-of-dermoid-cyst-in-the-floor-of-the-mouth-the-importance-of-differential-diagnosis-in-pediatric-patients
#6
Edela Puricelli, Bernardo Ottoni Braga Barreiro, Alexandre Silva Quevedo, Deise Ponzoni
Lesions in the floor of the mouth can be a challenging diagnosis due to the variety of pathological conditions that might be found in this area. Within a broad range of lesions, attention has to be addressed to those that require specific management, such as a dermoid cyst (DC) and a ranula. Especially in pediatric patients, in whom the failure of diagnosis can postpone the correct treatment and cause sequelae later in life. DC, a developmental anomaly, is managed primarily by surgical resection. On the other hand, ranula is a pseudocyst that may be treated by marsupialization...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658734/ultrasonographic-features-differentiating-thyroglossal-duct-cysts-from-dermoid-cysts
#7
Hyoung In Choi, Young Hun Choi, Jung-Eun Cheon, Woo Sun Kim, In-One Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify ultrasonographic features that can be used to differentiate between thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) and dermoid cysts (DCs). Methods: We searched surgical pathology reports completed between January 2004 and October 2015 and identified 66 patients with TGDCs or DCs who had undergone preoperative ultrasonography. The ultrasound images were reviewed by two radiologists who were blinded to the pathological diagnosis...
May 24, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619976/vesical-dermoid-a-rare-bladder-tumour
#8
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Bhupendra Pal Singh, Sunny Goel, Durgesh Kumar Saini
Dermoid cysts are benign developmental lesions consisting of tissues of more than one germ cell lineage origin. The urinary bladder is a very rare location of dermoid cysts. We report a case of an 18-year-old woman who presented with suprapubic pain, dysuria and turbid urine. Blood and serum chemistry was normal. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed a heterogeneously enhancing mass of 2.5×2 cm within the urinary bladder infiltrating fundus of urinary bladder with extraluminal extension. At cystoscopy, an irregular mass arising from the dome of the urinary bladder with a covering of hair and whitish scales was seen...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612626/carcinoid-transformation-of-presacral-dermoid-cyst-in-patient-with-currarino-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Francesca Colombo, Petr Janous, Neil Buxton
Currarino syndrome (CS) is a congenital disorder characterized by partial sacral agenesis, anorectal malformation and a presacral mass. Only three cases of carcinoid transformation of the presacral mass have been described in the literature. We present a case of carcinoid transformation of presacral dermoid cyst in patient with Currarino syndrome.
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607282/laparoendoscopic-single-site-adnexal-surgery-preliminary-indian-experience
#10
Smitha Balusamy, Hrishikesh P Salgaonkar, Ramya Ranjan Behera, Ashwini Bhalerao-Gandhi, Deepraj S Bhandarkar
INTRODUCTION: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is an emerging technique in gynaecology. The proposed advantages of the LESS include better cosmesis and reduction in pain. We report our preliminary experience with LESS in the treatment of adnexal pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After a preoperative workup, LESS was offered to 37 patients between July 2009 and April 2015. All the procedures were carried out through a 2-2.5 cm transumbilical incision using conventional laparoscopic instruments...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606578/a-case-of-ecchordosis-physaliphora-in-the-prepontine-cistern-a-rare-entity-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-an-epidermoid-cyst
#11
Kenji Miki, Koji Yoshimoto, Ataru Nishimura, Satoshi O Suzuki, Akio Hiwatashi, Koji Iihara
BACKGROUND: Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a benign notochordal remnant, which is usually asymptomatic. Herein, we report a case of symptomatic large EP mimicking an epidermoid cyst. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 44-year-old female presented with right facial dysesthesia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a mass with a diameter of 3.2 cm that was hypointense on T1-weighted images (T1WI), hyperintense on T2-weighted images (T2WI), iso-to-hyperintense on diffusion-weighted (DW) images, and hyperintense on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map (1...
June 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601571/intrasellar-dermoid-cyst-mimicking-pituitary-apoplexy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Yuan-Bo Pan, Zhao-Liang Sun, Dong-Fu Feng
Intrasellar dermoid cysts are extremely unusual lesions, with only four cases reported to date, and have not been previously reported in association with sudden-onset symptoms. Here, we present the case of an intrasellar dermoid cyst with sudden-onset symptoms mimicking pituitary apoplexy in an elderly woman. A 69year-old woman presented with sudden onset of headache, dizziness, and decreased visual acuity. Magnetic resonance imaging of the sellar region showed an intrasellar lesion, which showed mixed hyper- and hypointense signal on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images and enhanced peripherally...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585790/-the-diagnosis-of-pilomatrixoma-in-children-is-not-as-easy-as-it-may-seem-a-review-of-126-cases
#13
R Fernández Atuan, N Álvarez García, Y González Ruiz, A Siles Hinojosa, M A Rihuete Heras, J Elías Pollina
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with pilomatrixomas, clinical presentation, clinical accuracy, associated diseases, and surgical treatment. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with a pathology report of an excised pilomatrixoma between 2011 and 2014. Data regarding gender, age of intervention, number of masses, size, location, and preoperative clinical diagnosis, pathology report, recurrences, and associated diseases were collected. Statistical analysis was performed using EPIinfo 7...
January 25, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580062/dermoid-of-the-oral-cavity-case-report-with-histopathology-correlation-and-review-of-literature
#14
Hanisha Patel, Jonathan Mayl, Bhawna Chandra, Cedric Pritchett, Tushar Chandra
Dermoid cysts are rare masses of the oral cavity derived from ectodermal elements. These are benign, slow-growing tumors that are typically asymptomatic but cause complications of inflammation or dysphagia, dystonia, and airway encroachment due to mass effects. We report the case of a 17 year old female with a painless mass in the left side of the oral cavity. Ultrasound findings demonstrated non-specific findings of a cystic lesion, and definite diagnosis was made with contrast-enhanced CT and intraoperatively with pathologic confirmation...
December 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574861/occurrence-of-nasal-dermoid-cysts-in-a-family-with-a-single-maxillary-median-central-incisor-extending-the-clinical-spectrum
#15
Gabriella E Gazdagh, Meharpal Sangra, Sandra Butler, Margo L Whiteford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553398/partial-encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-syndrome
#16
S Velusamy, S Sindhu Bharathi, B Krishnakumar
Encephalocranial lipomatosis is a rare disorder that characteristically involves ectomesodermal tissues such as skin, eye, and the central nervous system. Here, we report a 3-year-old girl presented with developmental delay, seizures, limbal dermoid, and weakness of right lower limb. Imaging revealed hemiatrophy, arachnoid cyst, and polymicrogyria. The constellation of clinical finding and imaging leads to the diagnosis.
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553378/dermoid-of-the-posterior-fossa-in-chiari-ii-malformation-the-first-reported-case
#17
R Shane Tubbs, Ketan Verma, Sarah N Mirahsani, Martin M Mortazavi, Randle A Umeh, Brandon Rocque, Jeffrey B Blount
Dermoid cysts are rare lesions, particularly in children. Chiari II malformations are seen in patients with myelomeningocele. Here, we present a child with Chiari II malformation who, during a Chiari II decompression, was found to have a dermoid cyst. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case ever reported.
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540054/primary-retroperitoneal-mature-cystic-teratoma-dermoid-cyst-in-a-51-year-old-male-case-report-and-historical-literature-review
#18
Andrew Tiu, Vinayak Sovani, Nasir Khan, Shveta Hooda
OBJECTIVES: Primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratomas are exceedingly uncommon in males aged 50 years and above, and only seven cases have been reported in the literature so far. They usually occur in infants less than 6 months and young females. The aim of this article is to present a rare case of a 51-year-old male with a primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma located in the right infrarenal area adherent to the psoas muscle and to discuss a historical literature review...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538574/sparing-a-craniotomy-the-role-of-intraoperative-methylene-blue-in-management-of-midline-dermoid-cysts
#19
Alannah L Phelan, Christine M Jones, Ashley S Ceschini, Cathy R Henry, Donald R Mackay, Thomas D Samson
BACKGROUND: Midline nasal dermoid cysts are rare congenital anomalies that extend intracranially in approximately 10 percent of cases. Cysts with intracranial extension require a craniotomy to avoid long-term complications, including meningitis, abscesses, and cavernous sinus thrombosis. Current guidelines recommend preoperative imaging with either magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography to determine appropriate management. METHODS: Patients who underwent excision of a midline nasal dermoid cyst between January 1995 and September 2016 were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530063/-rare-case-of-huge-omental-dermoid
#20
Ilan Atlas, Izhar Ben Shlomo, Yasmin Abbas
Ovarian dermoid cyst is a benign germ cell tumor usually occurring during fertile age. In contrast, giant omental dermoid is extremely rare and is thought to originate from ovarian torsion, detachment and omental implantation. We present a case of a 73 year old patient with 26 cm giant omental dermoid weighing more than 6 kg. During surgery, aspiration of the cystic part facilitated the delivery of the big mass through a relative small abdominal incision.
October 2016: Harefuah
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