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Dermoid cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909631/a-nonoperative-approach-for-neurosurgical-management-of-a-sylvian-fissure-dermoid-cyst
#1
Ali S Haider, Clarence Kee, Danielle L DeBacker, Ian T Watson, Eliel N Arrey, Tijani Osumah, Dean Leonard, Chen Chen, Maryam Alam, L Gerard Toussaint Iii
The nonoperative management of sylvian fissure dermoid/epidermoid cysts presents a risk that is difficult to quantify. With rupture, potentially fatal complications such as chemical meningitis, hydrocephalus, fever, seizure, or meningeal irritation may occur. In this paper, we present an asymptomatic case of such a cyst with imaging evidence of prior rupture, and we review the literature for the likelihood of future complications. We use for illustration a case of a 68-year-old woman with imaging features of a sylvian fissure epithelial inclusion cyst who refused surgical intervention and review the literature for further investigation...
October 24, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907820/preauricular-pilomatricoma-an-uncommon-entity-in-a-dental-pediatric-patient
#2
Poyzan Bozkurt, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Ömer Günhan, Erdal Erdem, Kaan Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Pilomatricomas are benign follicular skin appendage tumors, commonly occurring in children and young adults. Most patients admit to dermatologists to seek treatment and are well known by them; however, dental professionals, especially pediatric dentists are not familiar with these tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report presents a 16-year-old female with preauricular pilomatricoma, located beneath the overlying skin of the temporomandibular region...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903118/frontal-dermoid-cyst-coexisting-with-suprasellar-craniopharyngioma-a-spectrum-of-ectodermally-derived-epithelial-lined-cystic-lesions
#3
Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Muhammad M Abd-El-Barr, Hasan A Zaidi, Eleanor Russell-Goldman, Rebecca D Folkerth, Edward R Laws, E Antonio Chiocca
There is a wide group of lesions that may exist in the sellar and suprasellar regions. Embryologically, there is varying evidence that many of these entities may in fact represent a continuum of pathology deriving from a common ectodermal origin. The authors report a case of a concomitant suprasellar craniopharyngioma invading the third ventricle with a concurrent frontal lobe cystic dermoid tumor. A 21-year-old man presented to the authors' service with a 3-day history of worsening headache, nausea, vomiting, and blurry vision...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896198/bilateral-dermoid-cysts-on-the-lateral-ends-of-eyebrows
#4
Kwang Rae Kang, Hyoseob Lim, Sung Won Jung, Sung Hoon Koh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895906/respiratory-distress-associated-with-heterotopic-gastrointestinal-cysts-of-the-oral-cavity-a-case-report
#5
Marco Antonio Méndez Sáenz, Mario de Jesús Villegas González, Marco A Ponce Camacho, Lucia M Cavazos Cavazos, Bárbara Sáenz Ibarra, Blanca I Esquivel García, José Luis Treviño González
Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts of the oral cavity are benign lesions usually discovered during infancy. Their pathogenesis is not very clear. They are rare congenital anomalies that result from remnants of foregut-derived epithelium in the head, neck, thorax or abdomen during embryonic development. The majority of these lesions occur in the anterior ventral surface of the tongue and extend to the floor of the mouth. They are confused clinically by surgeons in cases of head and neck masses in children as ranulas, dermoid and thyroglossal cysts, and lymphangioma...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890404/incomplete-urethral-duplication-associated-with-a-dermoid-cyst-in-a-dog-with-urinary-obstruction
#6
F Thierry, S Drew, J Del-Pozo, N Fernandez-Salesa, S Woods, G Stanzani, T Liuti
A 20-month-old male miniature dachshund was evaluated for a 10-week history of intermittent stranguria, pollakiuria, haematuria and obstructive urolithiasis. Retrograde urethrocystography revealed a subcutaneous saccular structure in the perineal area connected to the intrapelvic urethra associated with urolithiasis. After excision of the perineal saccular structure, microscopical examination confirmed the presence of transitional epithelium lining the diverticulum, with isolated submucosal smooth muscle bundles...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861396/surgical-treatments-on-adult-tethered-cord-syndrome-a-retrospective-study
#7
Jun Gao, Xiangyi Kong, Zhimin Li, Tianyu Wang, Yongning Li
To investigate effects of surgical treatment on adult tethered cord syndrome (TCS).A retrospective analysis of 82 adult patients (17 male cases, 82% and 24 female cases, 59%) with TCS treated by surgery was conducted between March, 2005 and December, 2015, with an average age of 31.6 years and average disease course of 6.7 years. All the 82 cases of patients received nerve electrophysiology monitoring assisted microsurgery. After surgery, all patients were followed up for an average of 2.5 years. Surgical effects were evaluated according to Hoffman grading system...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854096/ruptured-intracranial-dermoid-cyst-in-temporal-fossa
#8
Roshni Jamesh, Venkatraman Indiran, Prabakaran Maduraimuthu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853019/can-a-dermoid-cyst-lead-to-an-abnormal-origin-of-an-extraocular-muscle
#9
Tayyab Afghani, Hassan Mansoor
A 5-year-old boy presented with a large 5 cm × 5 cm cyst covering the left eye completely since birth. The cyst was excised in toto and was sent for histopathological examination. During the surgery, the inferior oblique (IO) muscle was seen originating from medial orbital wall, 10-12 mm behind the medial orbital margin, just posterior to the lacrimal bone and moving laterally, downward, and posteriorly from its origin making a more acute angle - around 20° to its site of origin. The insertion of the IO to sclera was at its normal site...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833715/large-sublingual-dermoid-cyst-a-case-of-mandibular-prognathism
#10
Pablo Berbel, Alejandro Ostrosky, Franco Tosti
Dermoid cysts are unusual neoplasms and can occur in every part of the human body. They represent only 6.9% of all dermoid cysts in the head and neck region; in the oral cavity, the incidence is low, approximately 1.6% of all dermoid cysts. Our aim is to present an unusual case of a large sublingual dermoid cyst with mandibular prognathism caused by cyst growth. We reported a case of a large sublingual dermoid cyst in an 8-year-old female patient. A bibliographic research from 1937 to 2013 is reviewed and we found only three cases of mandibular deformity, of which only one was a dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828600/is-the-combination-of-fat-grafts-and-platelet-rich-plasma-effective-in-rats
#11
Alexandre Roriz Blumenschein, Ruffo Freitas-Junior, Marise Amaral Rebouças Moreira, Maria-Auxiliadora Paula Carneiro Cysneiros, Roseana Netto Pereira, Andrea Thomazine Tufanin, Leonardo Ribeiro Soares
PURPOSE: To investigate if the association of fat grafts and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) improves graft viability in female rats. METHODS: This is an experimental, randomized and blinded study, which involved 47 rats. Fat was harvested from the inguinal region and grafted to the cranial region. The experimental group consisted of PRP-enriched fat grafts (n=22) whilst the control group consisted of fat graft only (n=25). After a 100-day period, the animals were euthanised and the fat grafts were analyzed using scores from 0 (absent) to 4 (abundant), in optical microscopy by two independent and blinded pathologists...
October 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807494/ovarian-carcinosarcoma-and-its-association-with-mature-cystic-teratoma-and-primary-tubal-carcinoma
#12
Sunida Rewsuwan, Nopporn Satabongkoch, Prapaporn Suprasert, Surapan Khunamornpong
Introduction. Carcinosarcoma is an uncommon form of ovarian cancers, classified as being part of the group of mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumors. The occurrence of carcinosarcoma in association with a mature cystic teratoma and synchronous tubal carcinoma is very rare. Case Report. A 69-year-old woman presented with a pelvic mass. An abdominal computerized tomographic scan detected a 15 cm right pelvic mass which was suggestive of malignant transformation of a dermoid cyst. Intraoperative, bilateral ovarian masses (left 10 cm and right 12 cm) with diffuse peritoneal metastatic nodules were identified...
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792103/intracranial-nasal-dermoid-sinus-cyst-transnasal-endoscopic-resection-by-open-rhinoplasty-approach-with-intraoperative-video
#13
David Ulrich Seidel, Andreas M Sesterhenn
Nasal dermoid sinus cysts are rare congenital lesions that may lead to recurrent soft tissue infections and severe intracranial complications. In case of an intracranial extension, the traditional surgical approach includes a frontal craniotomy with significant morbidity. As a less invasive alternative, a transnasal endoscopic approach has been recommended.This report describes the transnasal endoscopic resection of an intracranial nasal dermoid sinus cyst via an open rhinoplasty approach, which achieved a wide surgical exposure with minimal invasivity and ideal aesthetic results...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760649/-clinical-and-pathological-analysis-of-ocular-tumors-in-504-children-cases
#14
Y Zhao, H Zhao, J Y Lin, Y Pan, W J Zhai, Y C Wang
Objective: To analyze the clinical features and pathological classification of chlidren's ocular tumors. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Five hundred and four cases (506 eyes) of ocular tumor with biopsy-proven in children below 14 years old between January 2002 and December 2014 from Tianjin Eye Hospital were performed to retrospectively investigated the lesion location, clinical features and histopathologic classification of these lesions. Results: Of 504 cases there were 246 boys (248 eyes) and 258 girls (258 eyes) patients...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760645/-the-clinical-and-histopathological-analysis-of-2-053-cases-of-conjunctival-neoplasms
#15
J J Huang, B Li, Q F Liang, X L Xu, F Gao, Z B Zhang
Objective: We aimed to identify and describe the clinical and histopathologic characteristics of conjunctival neoplasms. Methods: Retrospective case series study. We collected and analyzed the clinical and histopathologic data of the conjunctival neoplastic specimens including the age, gender, and histopathologic diagnosis of all patients obtained from Beijing Tongren Eye Center between October 2003 and October 2015. All the pathology diagnosis results were divided into two categories which were benign and malignant tumors, according to Shields histopathological classification methods and the pathology diagnosis results in our department...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744466/posterior-fossa-ruptured-dermoid-cyst-presenting-with-hydrocephalus
#16
Abrar A Wani, Uday S Raswan, Nayil K Malik, Altaf U Ramzan
Dermoid cysts are rare, benign lesions of embryological origin that represent 0.1-0.7% of all intracranial tumors. They are mainly located in the supra tentorial space, especially in the parasellar region. Their location in the posterior fossa remains uncommon. Rupture of intracranial dermoid cysts is a rare phenomenon. We present a case of dermoid cyst, which had ruptured into ventricular system. Computed Tomography and MRI revealed fat in the fourth ventricle, prepontine cistern, and cerebellomedullary cistern...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729607/-dermoid-cyst-in-meckel-s-cave-presenting-with-oculomotor-nerve-palsy-and-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-case-report
#17
Nozomu Tanabe, Takahiro Tomita, Shoichi Nagai, Naoya Kuwayama, Kyo Noguchi, Satoshi Kuroda
The authors report a rare case of an intracranial dermoid cyst found in Meckel's cave. A 63-year-old woman developed left oculomotor nerve palsy and was referred to their hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic lesion in the left Meckel's cave and prepontine cistern, but her symptoms gradually improved during conservative observation. However, three years later she complained of left facial pain in the territory of the second branch of the trigeminal nerve. The left oculomotor nerve palsy exacerbated again...
October 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697916/ruptured-intracranial-dermoid-cyst
#18
David J T McArdle, Sumit J Karia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679073/an-easy-and-safe-approach-to-the-minimally-invasive-laparoscopic-treatment-of-dermoid-cysts-the-mimic-laparoscopic-surgery-with-bathtub-method
#19
K Mine, M Ichikawa, M Sekine, H Kaseki, S Ono, S Akira, T Takeshita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678934/laparoscopic-hysterectomy-complicated-by-endometriosis-and-bilateral-dermoid-cysts
#20
S Wagner, T Deimling, K Riley, G Harkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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