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Molly Carnes, Paula Johnson, Wendy Klein, Marjorie Jenkins, C Noel Bairey Merz
Gender-based bias and conflation of gender and status are root causes of disparities in women's health care and the slow advancement of women to leadership in academic medicine. More than a quarter of women physicians train in internal medicine and its subspecialties, and women physicians almost exclusively constitute the women's health focus within internal medicine. Thus, internal medicine has considerable opportunity to develop women leaders in academic medicine and promote women's health equity.To probe whether holding an endowed chair-which confers status-in women's health may be an effective way to advance women leaders in academic medicine and women's health, the authors explored the current status of endowed chairs in women's health in internal medicine...
October 18, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Molly M Killion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Diane VonBehren, Molly M Killion, Carol Burke, Betsy Finkelmeier, Brigit Zamora
Three teams of perinatal expert nurses participated in planning and designing a new maternity unit, operationalizing the move to the new space, and evaluating care processes and workflows after the move. The hospitals involved were University of California, San Francisco Benioff Children's Hospital, Prentice Women's Hospital of Northwestern Memorial Healthcare in Chicago, IL, and Florida Hospital Orlando, Florida Hospital for Women. Although each team discussed specific details and lessons learned, there is remarkable consistency among the experiences of these teams and with the discussion of the process by the team at Mercy Hospital St...
November 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Mary Woinarowicz, Molly Howell
Objectives: To evaluate the impact of electronic health record (EHR) interoperability on the quality of immunization data in the North Dakota Immunization Information System (NDIIS). Methods: NDIIS doses administered data was evaluated for completeness of the patient and dose-level core data elements for records that belong to interoperable and non-interoperable providers. Data was compared at three months prior to electronic health record (EHR) interoperability enhancement to data at three, six, nine and twelve months post-enhancement following the interoperability go live date...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
S Scott Graham, Daniel J Card, Seokhoon Ahn, Sang-Yeon Kim, Molly M Kessler, Michelle K Olson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
David B Hanna, Molly Jung, Xiaonan Xue, Kathryn Anastos, Jennifer M Cocohoba, Mardge H Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub, Nancy A Hessol, Alexandra M Levine, Tracey E Wilson, Mary A Young, Robert C Kaplan
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasingly common among women with HIV, but literature on nonlipid CVD risk factor management is lacking. We examined semiannual trends from 2006 to 2014 in hypertension treatment and control (blood pressure <140/90 mmHg), diabetes treatment and control (fasting glucose <130 mg/dL), and smoking quit rates in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression models tested time trends and differences between HIV+ and HIV- women. Among antiretroviral therapy (ART) users, we examined the association of ART adherence and virologic suppression with each outcome...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Molly A B Blank, James F Antaki
In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we report measured elasticities of benign and malignant breast pathologies from shear wave elastography (SWE), quantitatively confirm the effect of the selected region of interest (ROI) on these measures and test the hypothesis that a metric of heterogeneity based on the mean and maximum elasticity can improve specificity of diagnosis. The elasticities of benign, malignant and specific pathologic states are reported from 22 publications encompassing 2989 patients, identified from a structured search of the literature from May to September 2015...
October 14, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Fange Liu, Wesley Clark, Guanzheng Luo, Xiaoyun Wang, Ye Fu, Jiangbo Wei, Xiao Wang, Ziyang Hao, Qing Dai, Guanqun Zheng, Honghui Ma, Dali Han, Molly Evans, Arne Klungland, Tao Pan, Chuan He
tRNA is a central component of protein synthesis and the cell signaling network. One salient feature of tRNA is its heavily modified status, which can critically impact its function. Here, we show that mammalian ALKBH1 is a tRNA demethylase. It mediates the demethylation of N(1)-methyladenosine (m(1)A) in tRNAs. The ALKBH1-catalyzed demethylation of the target tRNAs results in attenuated translation initiation and decreased usage of tRNAs in protein synthesis. This process is dynamic and responds to glucose availability to affect translation...
October 8, 2016: Cell
Christopher J Sorensen, Molly B Johnson, Barbara J Norton, Jack P Callaghan, Linda R Van Dillen
An induced-pain paradigm has been used in back-healthy people to understand risk factors for developing low back pain (LBP) during prolonged standing. We examined asymmetry of lumbopelvic movement timing during a clinical test of active hip abduction in back-healthy people who developed LBP symptoms during standing (Pain Developers; PDs) compared to back-healthy people who did not develop LBP symptoms during standing (Non Pain Developers, NPDs). Participants completed the hip abduction test while movement was recorded with a motion capture system...
October 12, 2016: Human Movement Science
Bethany L Stangl, Vatsalya Vatsalya, Molly R Zametkin, Megan E Cooke, Martin H Plawecki, Sean O'Connor, Vijay A Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Self-administration is a hallmark of all addictive drugs, including alcohol. Human laboratory models of alcohol self-administration have characterized alcohol-seeking behavior, and served as surrogate measures of the effectiveness of pharmacotherapies for alcohol use disorders. Intravenous alcohol self-administration (IV-ASA) is a novel method that assess alcohol exposure driven primarily by the pharmacological response to alcohol, and may have utility in characterizing unique behavioral and personality correlates of alcohol-seeking and consumption...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Benjamin A Seitzman, Malene Abell, Samuel C Bartley, Molly A Erickson, Amanda R Bolbecker, William P Hetrick
EEG studies of wakeful rest have shown that there are brief periods in which global electrical brain activity on the scalp remains semi-stable (so-called microstates). Topographical analyses of this activity have revealed that much of the variance is explained by four distinct microstates that occur in a repetitive sequence. A recent fMRI study showed that these four microstates correlated with four known functional systems, each of which is activated by specific cognitive functions and sensory inputs. The present study used high density EEG to examine the degree to which spatial and temporal properties of microstates may be altered by manipulating cognitive task (a serial subtraction task vs...
October 11, 2016: NeuroImage
Riad Lutfi, Kamal Abulebda, Mara E Nitu, Jean P Molleston, Molly A Bozic, Girish Subbarao
Pediatric acute liver failure is rare but life-threatening illness that occurs in children without preexisting liver disease. The rarity of the disease, along with its severity and heterogeneity, presents unique clinical challenges to the physicians providing care for pediatric patients with acute liver failure. In this review, practical clinical approaches to the care of critically ill children with acute liver failure are discussed with an organ system specific approach. The underlying pathophysiological processes, major areas of uncertainty, and approaches to the critical care management of pediatric acute liver failure are also reviewed...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Molly Kellgren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Christopher A Seid, Kathryn M Jones, Jeroen Pollet, Brian Keegan, Elissa Hudspeth, Molly Hammond, Junfei Wei, C Patrick McAtee, Leroy Versteeg, Amanda Gutierrez, Zhuyun Liu, Bin Zhan, Jonathan L Respress, Ulrich Strych, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Peter J Hotez
A therapeutic vaccine for human Chagas disease is under development by the Sabin Vaccine Institute Product Development Partnership. The aim of the vaccine is to significantly reduce the parasite burden of Trypanosoma cruzi in humans, either as a standalone product or in combination with conventional chemotherapy. Vaccination of mice with Tc24 formulated with monophosphoryl-lipid A (MPLA) adjuvant results in a Th1 skewed immune response with elevated IgG2a and IFNγ levels and a statistically significant decrease in parasitemia following T...
October 13, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Jennifer E Merrill, Hayley Treloar, Anne C Fernandez, Mollie A Monnig, Kristina M Jackson, Nancy P Barnett
Alcohol-related blackouts are common among college student drinkers. The present study extends prior work by examining latent growth classes of blackouts and several predictors of class membership. Participants (N = 709 college drinkers) completed a baseline survey at college entry and biweekly online assessments throughout freshman and sophomore years. Results revealed 5 latent growth class trajectories, reflecting varying experiences of blackouts at the beginning of college and differential change in blackouts over time...
October 13, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Molly Kraus, Michelle LeRiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Maju Mathew Koola, John D Sorkin, Molly Fargotstein, W Virgil Brown, Bruce Cuthbert, Jeffrey Hollis, Jeffrey K Raines, Erica J Duncan
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial compliance (PAC) is a measure of the ability of the vascular tree to dilate in response to a pressure wave. Reduced PAC is seen in patients with psychiatric diagnoses and has been associated with increased risk for stroke, myocardial infarction, and mortality. The objective of this pilot study was to identify predictors of reduced PAC in subjects with psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: Male psychiatric subjects (N = 77) were studied in a cross-sectional study of medication effects on PAC conducted from August 2005 to February 2010...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Sikhulile Moyo, Terence Mohammed, Kathleen E Wirth, Melanie Prague, Kara Bennett, Molly Pretorius Holme, Lucy Mupfumi, Philemon Sebogodi, Natasha O Moraka, Corretah Boleo, Comfort N Maphorisa, Boitumelo Seraise, Simani Gaseitsiwe, Rosemary M Musonda, Erik van Widenfelt, Kathleen M Powis, Tendani Gaolathe, Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, Joseph M Makhema, Max Essex, Shahin Lockman, Vladimir Novitsky
BACKGROUND: Routine monitoring of HIV-1 RNA, or viral load (VL) in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important, but there are multiple impediments to VL testing in resource-constrained settings. An accurate point-of-care (POC) HIV-1 VL test could alleviate many of these challenges. METHODS: We compared the performance of the Cepheid Xpert® HIV-1 VL against the laboratory-based Abbott m2000sp/m2000rt assay (Abbot assay). ART-naïve individuals participating in the Botswana Combination Prevention Project in 20 communities provided EDTA blood specimens during household surveys...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Susannah L Woodd, Paul Kelly, John R Koethe, George Praygod, Andrea M Rehman, Molly Chisenga, Joshua Siame, Douglas C Heimburger, Henrik Friis, Suzanne Filteau
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa are malnourished. We aimed to increase understanding of the factors affecting their high mortality, particularly in the high-risk period before ART initiation. METHODS: We analysed potential risk factors for mortality of Zambian and Tanzanian participants enrolled in the NUSTART clinical trial. Malnourished adults (n = 1815; body mass index [BMI] <18...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Allison B Chambliss, Molly Resnick, Athena K Petrides, William A Clarke, Mark A Marzinke
BACKGROUND: Current methods for the detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with aberrant drug-metabolizing enzyme function are hindered by long turnaround times and specialized techniques and instrumentation. In this study, we describe the development and validation of a high-resolution melting (HRM) curve assay for the rapid screening of variant genotypes for targeted genetic polymorphisms in the cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP3A5. METHODS: Sequence-specific primers were custom-designed to flank nine SNPs within the genetic regions of aforementioned drug metabolizing enzymes...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
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