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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150010/androgen-deprivation-alters-attention-to-sexually-provocative-visual-stimuli-in-elderly-men
#1
Jaime L Palmer-Hague, Vivian Tsang, Charlenn Skead, Richard J Wassersug, Eleni Nasiopoulos, Alan Kingstone
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone is known to regulate male sexual interest, but the exact way that androgens influence men's sexual cognition remains unclear. AIM: To investigate the influence of androgen deprivation (AD) on visual responses to sexually suggestive stimuli in men treated for prostate cancer with AD therapy. METHODS: Patients with AD-treated prostate cancer, patients with prostate cancer not on AD therapy, and age-matched healthy control participants were exposed to images of male and female runway models fully or minimally clothed...
December 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147961/spatiotemporal-competition-and-task-relevance-shape-the-spatial-distribution-of-emotional-interference-during-rapid-visual-processing-evidence-from-gaze-contingent-eye-tracking
#2
Briana L Kennedy, Daniel Pearson, David J Sutton, Tom Beesley, Steven B Most
People's ability to perceive rapidly presented targets can be disrupted both by voluntary encoding of a preceding target and by spontaneous attention to salient distractors. Distinctions between these sources of interference can be found when people search for a target in multiple rapid streams instead of a single stream: voluntary encoding of a preceding target often elicits subsequent perceptual lapses across the visual field, whereas spontaneous attention to emotionally salient distractors appears to elicit a spatially localized lapse, giving rise to a theoretical account suggesting that emotional distractors and subsequent targets compete spatiotemporally during rapid serial visual processing...
November 16, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147731/the-influence-of-cervical-movement-on-eye-stabilization-reflexes-a-randomized-trial
#3
Britta K Ischebeck, Jurryt de Vries, Jan Paul van Wingerden, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Maarten A Frens, Jos N van der Geest
To investigate the influence of the amount of cervical movement on the cervico-ocular reflex (COR) and vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in healthy individuals. Eye stabilization reflexes, especially the COR, are changed in neck pain patients. In healthy humans, the strength of the VOR and the COR are inversely related. In a cross-over trial the amplitude of the COR and VOR (measured with a rotational chair with eye tracking device) and the active cervical range of motion (CROM) was measured in 20 healthy participants (mean age 24...
November 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136516/the-order-of-information-processing-alters-economic-gain-loss-framing-effects
#4
Youngbin Kwak, Scott Huettel
Adaptive decision making requires analysis of available information during the process of choice. In many decisions that information is presented visually - which means that variations in visual properties (e.g., salience, complexity) can potentially influence the process of choice. In the current study, we demonstrate that variation in the left-right positioning of risky and safe decision options can influence the canonical gain-loss framing effect. Two experiments were conducted using an economic framing task in which participants chose between gambles and certain outcomes...
November 11, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136514/rejection-sensitivity-interpersonal-rejection-and-attention-for-emotional-facial-expressions
#5
Morganne A Kraines, Lucas J A Kelberer, Tony T Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rejection sensitivity (RS), attention for depression-relevant stimuli, and interpersonal rejection are established risk factors for depression. RS has previously been associated with increased attention for socially threatening faces, but has not been examined in the context of specifically depression-relevant stimuli. The current study examined whether RS influences attention for emotional facial expressions in the context of social rejection or inclusion. METHODS: Participants (n = 180) completed a self-report measure of RS and a free viewing eye tracking task before and after an experimental task (Cyberball) in which participants were randomized to be included or rejected...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136096/alcohol-warning-label-awareness-and-attention-a-multi-method-study
#6
Cuong Pham, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Joy Parkinson, Shanshi Li
Aims: Evaluation of alcohol warning labels requires careful consideration ensuring that research captures more than awareness given that labels may not be prominent enough to attract attention. This study investigates attention of current in market alcohol warning labels and examines whether attention can be enhanced through theoretically informed design. Attention scores obtained through self-report methods are compared to objective measures (eye-tracking). Methods: A multi-method experimental design was used delivering four conditions, namely control, colour, size and colour and size...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132267/spatial-bias-induced-by-simple-addition-and-subtraction-from-eye-movement-evidence
#7
Rongjuan Zhu, Yangmei Luo, Xuqun You, Ziyu Wang
The associations between number and space have been intensively investigated. Recent studies indicated that this association could extend to more complex tasks, such as mental arithmetic. However, the mechanism of arithmetic-space associations in mental arithmetic was still a topic of debate. Thus, in the current study, we adopted an eye-tracking technology to investigate whether spatial bias induced by mental arithmetic was related with spatial attention shifts on the mental number line or with semantic link between the operator and space...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129903/utility-of-eye-tracking-technology-for-preparing-a-summative-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-for-medical-students-in-spain
#8
Francisco Sánchez-Ferrer, José M Ramos-Rincón, María D Grima-Murcia, María Luisa Sánchez-Ferrer, Francisco Sánchez-Del Campo, Antonio Compañ-Rosique, Eduardo Fernández-Jover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129535/genetic-influence-on-eye-movements-to-complex-scenes-at-short-timescales
#9
Daniel P Kennedy, Brian M D'Onofrio, Patrick D Quinn, Sven Bölte, Paul Lichtenstein, Terje Falck-Ytter
Where one looks within their environment constrains one's visual experiences, directly affects cognitive, emotional, and social processing [1-4], influences learning opportunities [5], and ultimately shapes one's developmental path. While there is a high degree of similarity across individuals with regard to which features of a scene are fixated [6-8], large individual differences are also present, especially in disorders of development [9-13], and clarifying the origins of these differences is essential to understand the processes by which individuals develop within the complex environments in which they exist and interact...
November 4, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125134/implicit-relevance-feedback-from-electroencephalography-and-eye-tracking-in-image-search
#10
Jan Eike Golenia, Markus Andreas Wenzel, Mihail Bogojeski, Benjamin Blankertz
OBJECTIVE: Methods from brain-computer interfacing (BCI) open a direct access to the mental processes of computer users, which offers particular benefits in comparison to standard methods for inferring user-related information. The signals can be recorded unobtrusively in the background, which circumvents the time-consuming and distracting need for the users to give explicit feedback to questions concerning the individual interest. The obtained implicit information makes it possible to create dynamic user interest profiles in real-time, that can be taken into account by novel types of adaptive, personalised software...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124096/implicit-theory-of-mind-across-the-life-span-anticipatory-looking-data
#11
Louisa Kulke, Mirjam Reiß, Horst Krist, Hannes Rakoczy
In this work, we present a collection of data from three replication studies of anticipatory looking false belief tasks measuring implicit Theory of Mind. Two paradigms, by Southgate & Senju and Surian & Geraci were replicated in two independent labs. Eye-tracking data was collected and processed in line with the original procedures to allow for an investigation of effects of false belief processing on looking times and first saccades.
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121362/dualtrack-technology-improves-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-image-quality
#12
Luigi A De Vitis, Riccardo Sacconi, Adriano Carnevali, Teresa Centoducati, Michele Cavalleri, Lea Querques, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of DualTrack Motion Correction Technology on the performance of AngioVue optical coherence tomography angiography (Optovue, Freemont, CA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty subjects underwent two consecutive examinations with AngioVue. The operator inactivated the eye-tracking (ET) technology before the second examination. Two operators measured execution time, excluded low-quality images, and counted the number of motion artifacts per image...
November 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121090/differences-between-racing-and-non-racing-drivers-a-simulator-study-using-eye-tracking
#13
Peter M van Leeuwen, Stefan de Groot, Riender Happee, Joost C F de Winter
Motorsport has developed into a professional international competition. However, limited research is available on the perceptual and cognitive skills of racing drivers. By means of a racing simulator, we compared the driving performance of seven racing drivers with ten non-racing drivers. Participants were tasked to drive the fastest possible lap time. Additionally, both groups completed a choice reaction time task and a tracking task. Results from the simulator showed faster lap times, higher steering activity, and a more optimal racing line for the racing drivers than for the non-racing drivers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116436/higher-levels-of-motor-competence-are-associated-with-reduced-interference-in-action-perception-across-the-lifespan
#14
Stephanie Wermelinger, Anja Gampe, Moritz M Daum
Action perception and action production are tightly linked and elicit bi-directional influences on each other when performed simultaneously. In this study, we investigated whether age-related differences in manual fine-motor competence and/or age affect the (interfering) influence of action production on simultaneous action perception. In a cross-sectional eye-tracking study, participants of a broad age range (N = 181, 20-80 years) observed a manual grasp-and-transport action while performing an additional motor or cognitive distractor task...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111439/the-effect-of-different-brightness-conditions-on-visually-and-memory-guided-saccades
#15
Anna-Maria Felßberg, Isabel Dombrowe
It is commonly assumed that saccades in the dark are slower than saccades in a lit room. Early studies that investigated this issue using electrooculography (EOG) often compared memory guided saccades in darkness to visually guided saccades in an illuminated room. However, later studies showed that memory guided saccades are generally slower than visually guided saccades. Research on this topic is further complicated by the fact that the different existing eyetracking methods do not necessarily lead to consistent measurements...
October 27, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111422/shorter-sleep-duration-and-longer-sleep-onset-latency-are-related-to-difficulty-disengaging-attention-from-negative-emotional-images-in-individuals-with-elevated-transdiagnostic-repetitive-negative-thinking
#16
Jacob A Nota, Meredith E Coles
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is often associated with disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms. Disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms may deal a "second hit" to attentional control deficits. This study evaluated whether sleep and circadian rhythm disruptions are related to the top-down control of attention to negative stimuli in individuals with heightened repetitive negative thinking. METHODS: Fifty-two community adults with high levels of transdiagnostic RNT and varying habitual sleep durations and bedtimes participated in a hybrid free-viewing and directed attention task using pairs of emotionally-evocative and neutral images while eye-tracking data were collected...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098168/comparing-search-patterns-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-and-full-field-digital-mammography-an-eye-tracking-study
#17
Avi Aizenman, Trafton Drew, Krista A Ehinger, Dianne Georgian-Smith, Jeremy M Wolfe
As a promising imaging modality, digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) leads to better diagnostic performance than traditional full-field digital mammograms (FFDM) alone. DBT allows different planes of the breast to be visualized, reducing occlusion from overlapping tissue. Although DBT is gaining popularity, best practices for search strategies in this medium are unclear. Eye tracking allowed us to describe search patterns adopted by radiologists searching DBT and FFDM images. Eleven radiologists examined eight DBT and FFDM cases...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094994/keep-listening-grammatical-context-reduces-but-does-not-eliminate-activation-of-unexpected-words
#18
Julia F Strand, Violet A Brown, Hunter E Brown, Jeffrey J Berg
To understand spoken language, listeners combine acoustic-phonetic input with expectations derived from context (Dahan & Magnuson, 2006). Eye-tracking studies on semantic context have demonstrated that the activation levels of competing lexical candidates depend on the relative strengths of the bottom-up input and top-down expectations (cf. Dahan & Tanenhaus, 2004). In the grammatical realm, however, graded effects of context on lexical competition have been predicted (Magnuson, Tanenhaus, & Aslin, 2008), but not demonstrated...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094990/eye-movements-reveal-persistent-sensitivity-to-sound-symbolism-during-word-learning
#19
Kate Pirog Revill, Laura L Namy, Lynne C Nygaard
Although the relationship between sound and meaning in language is assumed to be largely arbitrary, reliable correspondences between sound and meaning in natural language appear to facilitate word learning. Using a set of independently normed pseudoword and shape stimuli, we examined the real-time effects of sound-to-shape correspondences at initial presentation and throughout an extended learning process resulting in high accuracy. In addition to accuracy and response time (RT) measures, we monitored participants' eye movements to investigate the extent to which visual orienting to objects is influenced by the sound symbolic characteristics of novel labels at initial exposure and throughout learning...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093490/tracking-the-impact-of-depression-in-a-perspective-taking-task
#20
Heather J Ferguson, James Cane
Research has identified impairments in Theory of Mind (ToM) abilities in depressed patients, particularly in relation to tasks involving empathetic responses and belief reasoning. We aimed to build on this research by exploring the relationship between depressed mood and cognitive ToM, specifically visual perspective-taking ability. High and low depressed participants were eye-tracked as they completed a perspective-taking task, in which they followed the instructions of a 'director' to move target objects (e...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
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