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Glutathione peroxidase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341892/premature-aging-in-behavior-and-immune-functions-in-tyrosine-hydroxylase-haploinsufficient-female-mice-a-longitudinal-study
#1
A Garrido, J Cruces, N Ceprián, C Hernández-Sánchez, M De la Fuente
Aging is accompanied by impairment in the nervous, immune, and endocrine systems as well as in neuroimmunoendocrine communication. In this context, there is an age-related alteration of the physiological response to acute stress, which is modulated by catecholamine (CA), final products of the sympathetic-adreno-medullary axis. The involvement of CA in essential functions of the nervous system is consistent with the neuropsychological deficits found in mice with haploinsufficiency (hemizygous; HZ) of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) enzyme (TH-HZ)...
January 13, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339045/deficiency-of-dietary-pyridoxine-disturbed-the-intestinal-physical-barrier-function-of-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#2
Pei Wu, Xin Zheng, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Wei-Dan Jiang, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Lin Feng
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of dietary pyridoxine (PN) deficiency on intestinal antioxidant capacity, cell apoptosis and intercellular tight junction in young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 young grass carp (231.85 ± 0.63 g) were fed six diets containing graded levels of PN (0.12-7.48 mg/kg diet) for 10 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, the fish were challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 2 weeks. The results showed that compared with the optimal PN level, PN deficiency (1) increased the contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PC), decreased the activities and mRNA levels of antioxidant enzymes such as copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR) (P < ...
January 12, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338053/selenium-regulation-of-selenoprotein-enzyme-activity-and-transcripts-in-a-pilot-study-with-founder-strains-from-the-collaborative-cross
#3
Roger A Sunde
Rodents and humans have 24-25 selenoproteins, and these proteins contain the 21st amino acid, selenocysteine, incorporated co-translationally into the peptide backbone in a series of reactions dependent on at least 6 unique gene products. In selenium (Se) deficiency, there is differential regulation of selenoprotein expression, whereby levels of some selenoproteins and their transcripts decrease dramatically in Se deficiency, but other selenoprotein transcripts are spared this decrease; the underlying mechanism, however, is not fully understood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337229/protective-effect-of-flavonoids-from-cyclocarya-paliurus-leaves-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice
#4
Jianhua Xie, Wenjie Wang, Caijun Dong, Lixin Huang, Hui Wang, Chang Li, Shaoping Nie, Mingyong Xie
Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinskaja (C. paliurus), known locally as 'sweet tea tree', is commonly cultivated in China. Flavonoids from Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinskaja (FC) is reported to exhibit multiple biological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activities. However, their influence on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury remains unclear. This study was designed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of total flavonoids from C. paliurus leaves...
January 11, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334762/altered-redox-state-modulates-endothelial-kca2-3-and-kca3-1-levels-in-normal-pregnancy-and-preeclampsia
#5
Shinkyu Choi, Ji Aee Kim, Hai-Yan Li, Sae-Jin Lee, Ye Seon Seok, Tae Hun Kim, Ki-Hwan Han, Mi Hye Park, Geum Joon Cho, Suk Hyo Suh
AIMS: Altered redox state has been related to the development of normal pregnancy (NP) and preeclampsia (PE). Endothelial KCa2.3 and KCa3.1 (KCas) play an important role in vasodilation, and KCas levels are affected by oxidative stress. We investigated the mechanisms of oxidative stress-mediated KCas expression modulation during NP and PE. RESULTS: Human uterine microvascular endothelial cells were incubated in serum from normal non-pregnant women (n=13) and women with NP (n=24) or PE (n=15), or in VEGF, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), progesterone, or estradiol-17-containing medium for 24 hours...
January 15, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334666/effects-of-berberine-chloride-on-the-liver-of-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-albino-wistar-rats
#6
Govindasami Chandirasegaran, Chakkaravarthy Elanchezhiyan, Kavisa Ghosh
The goal of the present study is to evaluate the effect of Berberine chloride (BC) on the liver of streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat. Diabetic rats were treated with BC (50 mg/kg b.w) or glibenclamide (6 mg/kg b.w), daily for 45 days. After BC treatment in diabetic rats, there was a significant (P < 0.05) decline in the levels of hepatic markers, lipid peroxidation markers such as lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and pro-inflammatory mediators like tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa-B-p65 (phospho-NF-κB p65), cyclooxygenase (COX-2), nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as well as pro-apoptotic mediators such as Bax and cytochrome c...
January 12, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334211/curcumin-and-quercetin-ameliorated-cypermethrin-and-deltamethrin-induced-reproductive-system-impairment-in-male-wistar-rats-by-upregulating-the-activity-of-pituitary-gonadal-hormones-and-steroidogenic-enzymes
#7
Poonam Sharma, Irshad Aslam Khan, Rambir Singh
Background: Dietary antioxidants protect tissues and organs against insecticides/xenobiotic-induced damage. In the present study, we evaluated the results of exposure to synthetic pyrethroid insecticides, cypermethrin (Cyp) and deltamethrin (Del) and possible protective effects of curcumin and quercetin on reproductive system in male Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this controlled experimental study, 42 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups of 6 animals...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333041/pharmacological-evaluation-of-hepatoprotective-activity-of-ahpl-aytab-0613-tablet-in-carbon-tetrachloride-ethanol-and-paracetamol-induced-hepatotoxicity-models-in-wistar-albino-rats
#8
Sanjay U Nipanikar, Sohan S Chitlange, Dheeraj Nagore
Background: Hepatotoxicity ultimately leads to liver failure. Conventional treatment options for hepatotoxicity are limited and not safe. Objective: Formulation AHPL/AYTAB/0613 is developed to provide safer and effective hepatoprotective drug of natural origin. A study was conducted to evaluate hepatoprotective activity of AHPL/AYTAB/0613 (three dosages) in comparison with marketed formulations in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), ethanol, and paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in Wistar albino rats...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331597/variation-of-genes-involved-in-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stresses-in-depression
#9
Paulina Wigner, Piotr Czarny, Ewelina Synowiec, Michał Bijak, Katarzyna Białek, Monika Talarowska, Piotr Galecki, Janusz Szemraj, Tomasz Sliwinski
The dominating hypothesis among numerous hypotheses explaining the pathogenesis of depressive disorders (DD) is the one involving oxidative and nitrosative stress. In this study, we examined the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the genes encoding SOD2 (superoxide dismutase 2), CAT (catalase), GPx4 (glutathione peroxidase 4), NOS1 (nitric oxide synthase 1), NOS2 (nitric oxide synthase 2), and the development of depressive disorders. Our study was carried out on the DNA isolated from peripheral blood collected from 281 depressed patients and 229 controls...
December 9, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331520/vitamin-c-attenuates-biochemical-and-genotoxic-damage-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-upon-joint-exposure-to-combined-toxic-doses-of-fipronil-and-buprofezin-insecticides
#10
Madiha Ghazanfar, Sana Shahid, Irfan Zia Qureshi
In the present study, potential protective role of Vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid) was investigated in aquaria acclimated common carp (Cyprinus carpio) following exposure for 96 h to combined toxic doses of fipronil (FP) and buprofezin (BPFN) insecticides in combination (FP: 200 μg/L; 4.57 × 10-7 mol/L and BPFN: 50 mg/L; 1.64 × 10-4 mol/L). At end of 96 h exposure, fish were supplemented with low (25 mg/L) and high (50 mg/L) doses of Vitamin C, added once daily to aquaria water for continuous three weeks...
January 5, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329251/pharmacological-investigation-of-the-anti-inflammation-and-anti-oxidation-activities-of-diallyl-disulfide-in-a-rat-emphysema-model-induced-by-cigarette-smoke-extract
#11
Yan Liu, Ang Li, Xiuli Feng, Xiao Sun, Xiaosong Zhu, Zhongxi Zhao
Diallyl disulfide (DADS) is the main organosulfur ingredient in garlic, with known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of DADS on reducing the inflammation and redox imbalance in a rat emphysema model that was induced by intraperitoneal injection of cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Briefly, DADS exerted an anti-inflammation effect on emphysema rats through decreasing cell influx in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and suppressing pro-inflammation cytokine production including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) via inhibiting the NF-κB pathway...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329033/onjisaponin-b-prevents-cognitive-impairment-in-a-rat-model-of-d-galactose-induced-aging
#12
Gaowen Li, Jimian Yu, Ling Zhang, Yong Wang, Chuang Wang, Qun Chen
In this study, we investigated the potential effect of onjisaponin B (OB) on aging rats induced by D-gal (D-galactose). Sub-acute aging model was established in rats by the subcutaneous injection of D-gal (120 mg/kg) for 42 days, accompanied with OB (10, 20 mg/kg, p.o.) or normal saline intervention for 28 days since the 14th day after the beginning of D-gal stimulation. Morris water maze test and step-down passive avoidance test were conducted to evaluate the cognitive function of the rats. The superoxidase dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) contents in hippocampus were measured by according kits, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328478/arctigenin-exerts-protective-effects-against-myocardial-infarction-via-regulation-of-inos-cox%C3%A2-2-erk1-2-and-ho%C3%A2-1-in-rats
#13
Yanmin Zhang, Yong Yang
The present study aimed to determine the protective effects of arctigenin against myocardial infarction (MI), and its effects on oxidative stress and inflammation in rats. Left anterior coronary arteries of Sprague‑Dawley rats were ligated, in order to generate an acute MI (AMI) model. Arctigenin was administered to AMI rats at 0, 50, 100 or 200 µmol/kg. Western blotting and ELISAs were performed to analyze protein expression and enzyme activity. Arctigenin was demonstrated to effectively inhibit the levels of alanine transaminase, creatine kinase‑MB and lactate dehydrogenase, and to reduce infarct size in AMI rats...
January 10, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328391/effects-of-thymosin-%C3%AE-4-on-oxygen%C3%A2-glucose-deprivation-and-reoxygenation%C3%A2-induced-injury
#14
Hua Ji, Linhao Xu, Zheng Wang, Xinli Fan, Lihui Wu
Cerebral ischemia causes severe brain injury and results in selective neuronal death through programmed cell death mechanisms, including apoptosis and autophagy. Minimizing neuronal injury has been considered a hot topic among clinicians. The present study elucidated the effect of thymosin β4 (Tβ4) on neuronal death induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in PC12 cells that were subjected to oxygen‑glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R). The survival, apoptotic and autophagy rates of PC12 cells were investigated...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327633/biochemical-basis-for-the-age-related-sensitivity-of-broilers-to-aflatoxin-b1
#15
He Wang, Wei Li, Ishfaq Muhammad, Xiaoqi Sun, Xiaoxu Cui, Ping Cheng, Qayum Abdul, Xiuying Zhang
In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying age-related susceptibility in broilers to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). The results showed that AFB1 induced significant changes in serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) activity & liver superoxide dismutase (SOD), malonaldehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity at day 7, 21 and 42 relative to control group. However, AFB1-induced changes in serum biochemical parameters and liver antioxidant activities becomes less severe with increasing age of broilers...
January 12, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327282/ziziphus-spina-christi-leaf-extract-pretreatment-inhibits-liver-and-spleen-injury-in-a-mouse-model-of-sepsis-via-anti-oxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-effects
#16
Mohamed A Dkhil, Saleh Al-Quraishy, Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
Sepsis is a systemic response to infection that can result in acute hepatic and splenic damage. Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) is a wild tree used as a medicinal plant by ancient Egyptians. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying its effects on sepsis. The current study investigated the protective effects of a Z. spina-christi leaf extract (ZSCLE) on liver and spleen damage in a male C57BL/6 mouse model of sepsis, induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Prior to CLP, ZSCLE was administered daily for five consecutive days via oral gavage at doses of 100, 200, or 300 mg/kg...
January 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325132/dark-tea-extract-mitigates-hematopoietic-radiation-injury-with-antioxidative-activity
#17
Wei Long, Guanghui Zhang, Yinping Dong, Deguan Li
The hematopoietic system is widely studied in radiation research. Tea has been proved to have antioxidative activity. In the present study, we describe the protective effects of dark tea extract (DTE) on radiation-induced hematopoietic injury. DTE administration significantly enhanced the survival rate of mice after 7.0 and 7.5 Gy total body irradiation (TBI). The results showed that DTE not only markedly increased the numbers and cloning potential of hematopoietic cells, but also decreased DNA damages after mice were exposed to 6...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324724/evaluation-of-oxidative-stress-levels-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activities-in-burst-fractures
#18
Fetullah Kuyumcu, Abdurrahman Aycan
BACKGROUND Spinal burst fractures are pathologies that occur in spinal injuries and cause significant mortality and morbidity as a result. Burst fractures in spinal cord injuries can result in rapid and significant oxidative stress. In addition to the primary injury in severe spinal cord injuries, subsequent secondary lesions are mainly due to inflammatory cascade activation and excessive production of free radicals. This study evaluated oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme levels in burst fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty patients with burst fractures were diagnosed and underwent surgery and 20 healthy control subjects were included in the study...
January 11, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324667/dietary-resveratrol-does-not-affect-life-span-body-composition-stress-response-and-longevity-related-gene-expression-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#19
Stefanie Staats, Anika E Wagner, Bianca Kowalewski, Florian T Rieck, Sebastian T Soukup, Sabine E Kulling, Gerald Rimbach
In this study, we tested the effect of the stilbene resveratrol on life span, body composition, locomotor activity, stress response, and the expression of genes encoding proteins centrally involved in ageing pathways in the model organism Drosophila melanogaster. Male and female w1118 D. melanogaster were fed diets based on sucrose, corn meal, and yeast. Flies either received a control diet or a diet supplemented with 500 µmol/L resveratrol. Dietary resveratrol did not affect mean, median, and maximal life span of male and female flies...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324239/how-do-glutathione-antioxidant-enzymes-and-total-antioxidant-status-respond-to-air-pollution-exposure
#20
Zeinab Farhat, Richard W Browne, Matthew R Bonner, Lili Tian, Furong Deng, Mya Swanson, Lina Mu
This study aims to investigate how antioxidant enzyme activity and overall antioxidant capacity respond to short-term changes in exposure to air pollution. 201 participants were recruited before- and followed up during- and after- the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Serum levels of antioxidant enzymes including glutathione S-transferases (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), and total antioxidant status (TAS) were measured. We used linear mixed-effects models to compare changes in antioxidant enzymes across the three periods after adjusting for potential confounding factors...
January 8, 2018: Environment International
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