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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160855/effects-of-red-palm-oil-on-myocardial-antioxidant-enzymes-nitric-oxide-synthase-and-heart-function-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#1
Emma Katengua-Thamahane, Barbara Szeiffova Bacova, Iveta Bernatova, Matus Sykora, Vladimir Knezl, Jacques Van Rooyen, Narcis Tribulova
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of antioxidants rich red palm oil (RPO) supplementation on cardiac oxidative stress known as crucial factor deteriorating heart function in hypertension. 3-month-old, male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were fed standard rat chow without or with RPO (0.2 mL/day/5 weeks). General characteristic of rats were registered. Left ventricular tissue (LV) was used to determine expression of superoxide dismutases (SOD1, SOD2) and glutathione peroxidases (Gpx) as well as activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159213/dataset-generated-for-dissection-of-mechanisms-of-trypanothione-reductase-and-tryparedoxin-peroxidase-through-dynamic-network-analysis-and-simulations-in-leishmaniasis
#2
Anurag Kumar, Bhaskar Saha, Shailza Singh
Leishmaniasis is the second largest parasitic killer disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania, transmitted by the bite of sand flies. It's endemic in the eastern India with 165.4 million populations at risk with the current drug regimen. Three forms of leishmaniasis exist in which cutaneous is the most common form caused by Leishmania major. Trypanothione Reductase (TryR), a flavoprotein oxidoreductase, unique to thiol redox system, is considered as a potential target for chemotherapy for trypanosomatids infection...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158874/mitochondria-targeted-antioxidant-skq1-prevents-anesthesia-induced-dry-eye-syndrome
#3
Evgeni Yu Zernii, Olga S Gancharova, Viktoriia E Baksheeva, Marina O Golovastova, Ekaterina I Kabanova, Marina S Savchenko, Veronika V Tiulina, Larisa F Sotnikova, Andrey A Zamyatnin, Pavel P Philippov, Ivan I Senin
Dry eye syndrome (DES) is an age-related condition increasingly detected in younger people of risk groups, including patients who underwent ocular surgery or long-term general anesthesia. Being a multifactorial disease, it is characterized by oxidative stress in the cornea and commonly complicated by ocular surface inflammation. Polyetiologic DES is responsive to SkQ1, a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant suppressing age-related changes in the ocular tissues. Here, we demonstrate safety and efficacy of topical administration of SkQ1 at a dosage of 7...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158642/insights-into-nuclear-dna-content-hydrogen-peroxide-and-antioxidative-enzyme-activities-during-transverse-thin-cell-layer-organogenesis-and-ex-vitro-acclimatization-of-malaxis-wallichii-a-threatened-medicinal-orchid
#4
Biswajit Bose, Suman Kumaria, Hiranjit Choudhury, Pramod Tandon
Malaxis wallichii (Lindl.) Deb, a small, perennial, monopodial, terrestrial orchid, is endemic to tropical Himalayas at an altitude of 1200-2000 m asl. The pseudobulbs are important ingredients of century old drug 'Ashtavarga' and a polyherbal energetic tonic 'Chyavanprash'. An efficient genetically stable in vitro propagation protocol using transverse thin cell layer culture system was established for M. wallichii. In the present report, meta-topolin alone proved to be three times more beneficial compared to other routinely used cytokinins in inducing highest number of shoot buds, plant height and growth of regenerated shoots...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156993/phenolic-compounds-analysis-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-periploca-angustifolia-extract-on-cadmium-induced-oxidative-damage-in-hepg2-cell-line-and-rats
#5
Khaled Athmouni, Dalel Belhaj, Khaoula Mkadmini Hammi, Abdelfattah El Feki, Habib Ayadi
A total of five components (Catechin, Caffeic acid, Ferulic acid, Rosmarinic acid, and Amentoflavone) were identified in Periploca angustifolia leaf methanolic extract. This extract did not cause any cytotoxic effect on HepG2 cell line within the range of concentrations tested (0-400 µg mL(-1)). Thus, pre-treatment with 100 µg mL(-1) of P. angustifolia leaf methanolic extract (PAE) significantly (p < .05) protective HepG2 cells against cytotoxicity induced by cadmium exposure. However, Cd-intoxication significantly (p < ...
November 20, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156826/protective-effect-of-ginkgo-biloba-leaves-extract-egb761-on-myocardium-injury-in-ischemia-reperfusion-rats-via-regulation-of-tlr-4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#6
Yuping Tang, Guisheng Zhou, Lijun Yao, Ping Xue, Danhong Yu, Renjie Xu, Wen Shi, Xin Yao, Zhaowei Yan, Jin-Ao Duan
Beneficial actions of EGb 761 against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in lung, brain and renal ischemia have been described. However, the relationship between EGb 761 and signal molecules in myocardial ischemia reperfusion has not been well elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effects and mechanism of EGb 761 preconditioning on anti-myocardial I/R injuries in vivo. Meanwhile, their potential anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammation effect were assessed. Hemodynamic parameters were monitored as left ventricular systolic pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure and maximal rate of increase and decrease of left ventricular pressure (dP/dtmax)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156796/downregulation-of-dna-repair-proteins-and-increased-dna-damage-in-hypoxic-colon-cancer-cells-is-a-therapeutically-exploitable-vulnerability
#7
Jennifer M J Jongen, Lizet M van der Waals, Kari Trumpi, Jamila Laoukili, Niek A Peters, Susanne J Schenning-van Schelven, Klaas M Govaert, Inne H M Borel Rinkes, Onno Kranenburg
Surgical removal of colorectal cancer (CRC) liver metastases generates areas of tissue hypoxia. Hypoxia imposes a stem-like phenotype on residual tumor cells and promotes tumor recurrence. Moreover, in primary CRC, gene expression signatures reflecting hypoxia and a stem-like phenotype are highly expressed in the aggressive Consensus Molecular Subtype 4 (CMS4). Therapeutic strategies eliminating hypoxic stem-like cells may limit recurrence following resection of primary tumors or metastases. Here we show that expression of DNA repair genes is strongly suppressed in CMS4 and inversely correlated with hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF1α) and HIF-2α co-expression signatures...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156532/paclitaxel-alleviated-liver-injury-of-septic-mice-by-alleviating-inflammatory-response-via-microrna-27a-tab3-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#8
Qiu Yang, Dongshan Zhang, Ya Li, Yongquan Li, Yinpeng Li
Excessive inflammatory response and apoptosis play an important role in the sepsis-induced liver injury. Paclitaxel, a diterpene alkaloid of Taxus brevifolia, is widely used as an anti-tumor drug and shows protective effects on acute lung and kidney injury. However, whether it has a protective effect against sepsis-induced liver injury has not been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of paclitaxel in septic liver injury in mice and associated molecular mechanisms...
November 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156531/heated-naringin-mitigate-the-genotoxicity-effect-of-mitomycin-c-in-balb-c-mice-through-enhancing-the-antioxidant-status
#9
Mouna Maatouk, Nadia Mustapha, Imen Mokdad-Bzeouich, Hind Chaaban, Irina Ioannou, Kamel Ghedira, Mohamed Ghoul, Leila Chekir-Ghedira
A major problem with cancer chemotherapy is its severe toxic effects on non-target tissues. Assessment of natural products for their protective effect against anticancer drugs induced toxicity is gaining importance in cancer biology. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of native and thermal treated naringin on the protective effect against mitomycin C (MMC) induced genotoxicity. The genotoxicity in liver kidney and brain cells isolated from Balb/C mice were evaluated by performing the comet assay...
November 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156440/pharmaceutical-and-personal-care-products-induced-stress-symptoms-and-detoxification-mechanisms-in-cucumber-plants
#10
Chengliang Sun, Stacia Dudley, John Trumble, Jay Gan
Contamination of agricultural soils by pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) resulting from the application of treated wastewater, biosolids and animal wastes constitutes a potential environmental risk in many countries. To date a handful of studies have considered the phytotoxicity of individual PPCPs in crop plants, however, little is known about the effect of PPCPs as mixtures at environmentally relevant levels. This study investigated the uptake and transport, physiological responses and detoxification of a mixture of 17 PPCPs in cucumber seedlings...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155971/in-ovo-injection-of-ascorbic-acid-modulates-antioxidant-defense-system-and-immune-gene-expression-in-newly-hatched-local-chinese-yellow-broiler-chicks
#11
H K El-Senousey, B Chen, J Y Wang, A M Atta, F R Mohamed, Q H Nie
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of in ovo injection of ascorbic acid on antioxidant capacity and immune-related gene expression in the newly hatched local Chinese yellow broiler chicks. Fertile Chinese yellow broiler eggs (n = 90) were assigned to three equal groups. The first group was a non-injected control group. The second group was another control group where the eggs were injected with saline in the air sac after 18 days of incubation. The third group was injected with 3 mg/egg AA in the air sac after 18 days of incubation...
November 15, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155872/sulfur-dioxide-alleviates-programmed-cell-death-in-barley-aleurone-by-acting-as-an-antioxidant
#12
Sha-Sha Wang, Ying-Xin Zhang, Feng Yang, Zhong-Qin Huang, Jun Tang, Kang-Di Hu, Hua Zhang
Sulfur dioxide (SO2), a gaseous signaling molecule in animal cells, has recently been found to play a physiological role in plants. Here we studied the role of SO2 in gibberellic acid (GA3)-induced programmed cell death (PCD) in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) aleurone layers. The application of the SO2 donor (NaHSO3/Na2SO3, 1:3 M/M) effectively alleviated PCD in barley aleurone layers in a dose-dependent manner with an optimal concentration of 50 μM. Further investigations showed that SO2 reduced the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anion (⋅O2-) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in aleurone layers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154507/relationship-between-selected-micronutrient-deficiencies-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-foot-ulcers-in-ibadan-nigeria
#13
Elizabeth Bosede Bolajoko, Olubayo Michael Akınosun, John Anetor, Kensese Sontin Mossanda
Background/aim: Micronutrients are indispensable in the prevention of diseases and maintenance of good health. Their deficiencies have been implicated in several diseases associated with oxidative stress (OS). This study aimed at investigating the levels of some vitamins and minerals in association with OS markers in diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) patients in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Materials and methods: Seventy DFU patients and 50 apparently healthy volunteers (controls) were recruited for the study. Blood samples of 10 mL were collected after a 10-h overnight fast from each participant after obtaining their consent...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152653/elaidic-acid-induces-cell-apoptosis-through-induction-of-ros-accumulation-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-sh%C3%A2-sy5y-cells
#14
Wei-Wei Ma, Lei Zhao, Lin-Hong Yuan, Huan-Ling Yu, Hui Wang, Xin-Yuan Gong, Feng Wei, Rong Xiao
Elaidic acid, which is a major trans fatty acid, has been reported to be involved in neurotoxicity; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms underlying its neurotoxic effects remain largely unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the potential mechanisms underlying elaidic acid‑induced neuronal damage in vitro. The SH‑SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line was used as a model in the present study. Following treatment of cells with various concentrations of elaidic acid or with vehicle for 24 h, cell viability was measured using the MTT assay...
October 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152240/nutrient-digestibility-hindgut-metabolites-and-antioxidant-status-of-dogs-supplemented-with-pomegranate-peel-extract
#15
Tony Jose, Ashok K Pattanaik, Sunil E Jadhav, Narayan Dutta, Shalini Sharma
The present study assessed the effect of dietary supplementation of pomegranate peel (methanolic) extract (PPE) on the nutrient digestibility, faecal fermentative metabolites and antioxidant status of dogs. Six medium-sized dogs of mixed breeds were allocated to two groups in a replicated cross-over design and fed a basal diet with and without supplementation of PPE at 50 mg/kg body weight. Each of the experimental periods consisted of 30 d, with a 21 d washout period in between. Results indicated that PPE supplementation led to no significant changes in nutrient digestibility except a trend of improvement (P = 0·070) in crude fibre digestibility...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151256/melatonin-and-metformin-diminish-oxidative-stress-in-heart-tissue-in-a-rat-model-of-high-fat-diet-and-mammary-carcinogenesis
#16
Natalia Kurhaluk, Bianka Bojkova, Marek Radkowski, Olga V Zaitseva, Svitlana Kyriienko, Urszula Demkow, Pawel J Winklewski
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of long-term administration of the oral antidiabetic metformin or the pineal hormone melatonin, and a combination thereof, in preventing oxidative stress in the heart tissue of female Sprague-Dawley rats with mammary tumors induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (NMU) (50 mg/kg) given on the 42nd postnatal day. Metformin and melatonin were administered 12 days before and 16 weeks after the carcinogen. During the experiment, all animals were fed a high fat diet (10% total fat, 2...
November 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149616/protective-effects-of-proanthocyanidins-against-cadmium-induced-testicular-injury-through-the-modification-of-nrf2-keap1-signal-path-in-rats
#17
Liu He, Peng Li, Li-Hui Yu, Lin Li, Yi Zhang, Yang Guo, Miao Long, Jian-Bin He, Shu-Hua Yang
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential chemoprotective effects of proanthocyanidins (PAs) against cadmium (Cd)-induced oxidative damage of testes via Nrf2-Keap1 signal pathway in rats. Briefly, by using biochemical histological analysis, as well as the real time PCR and western blot approach, oxidative damage in rat testicular tissue was observed after exposure to Cd. In addition, significant down-regulations of mRNA and protein levels of nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), γ-glutamyl cysteine synthetase (γ-GCS), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), as well as a significant up-regulation of Kelch sample related protein-1 (Keap1) levels in testicular tissue were observed after Cd exposure...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148979/role-of-caftaric-acid-in-lead-associated-nephrotoxicity-in-rats-via-antidiuretic-antioxidant-and-anti-apoptotic-activities
#18
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid
Background Lead is a toxic metal that is widely distributed in the environment where caftaric acid (CA) is the ester form of caffeic acid where CA is the major dietary polyphenol present in various foods and beverages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CA in lead acetate (LA)-associated nephrotoxicity through antidiuretic, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. Methods Forty-eight male albino rats divided into six equal groups; group 1 control injected intraperitoneally (ip) with saline (1 mL/kg of bw) over two weeks period, group 2 injected ip with CA (80 mg/kg of bw) over two weeks period, groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 injected ip with 100 μmol/kg of bw LA over two weeks period where groups 4, 5 & 6 co-injected ip with 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP) drug (1 mg/kg of bw), CA (40 mg/kg of bw), and CA (80 mg/kg of bw), respectively...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147969/effect-of-dietary-phospholipid-levels-on-growth-lipid-metabolism-and-antioxidative-status-of-juvenile-hybrid-snakehead-channa-argus%C3%A3-channa-maculata
#19
Shi-Mei Lin, Fa-Jian Li, Bundit Yuangsoi, Sompong Doolgindachbaporn
The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary phospholipids (PLs) on growth, lipid metabolism, and antioxidative status of hybrid snakehead (Channa argus × Channa maculata). Five isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets with graded levels of PLs (8.5, 19.3, 30.7, 41.5, and 50.8 g kg(-1)) were fed to triplicate groups of juveniles (initial body weight 12.6 ± 0.23 g) for 8 weeks. Results showed that dietary PL supplementation significantly improved growth of juveniles. The final body weight (FBW) and specific growth rate (SGR) significantly increased with dietary PLs increasing from 8...
November 16, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147958/ginsenoside-rg1-decreases-oxidative-stress-and-down-regulates-akt-mtor-signalling-to-attenuate-cognitive-impairment-in-mice-and-senescence-of-neural-stem-cells-induced-by-d-galactose
#20
Linbo Chen, Hui Yao, Xiongbin Chen, Ziling Wang, Yue Xiang, Jieyu Xia, Ying Liu, Yaping Wang
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis plays a pivotal role in learning and memory. The suppression of hippocampal neurogenesis induced by an increase of oxidative stress is closely related to cognitive impairment. Neural stem cells which persist in the adult vertebrate brain keep up the production of neurons over the lifespan. The balance between pro-oxidants and anti-oxidants is important for function and surviving of neural stem cells. Ginsenoside Rg1 is one of the most active components of Panax ginseng, and many studies suggest that ginsenosides have antioxidant properties...
November 17, 2017: Neurochemical Research
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