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Helena Kilander, Birgitta Salomonsson, Johan Thor, Jan Brynhildsen, Siw Alehagen
OBJECTIVES: A substantial proportion of women who undergo an abortion continue afterwards without switching to more effective contraceptive use. Many subsequently have repeat unintended pregnancies. This study, therefore, aimed to identify and describe health professionalś experiences of providing contraceptive counselling to women seeking an abortion. METHODS: We interviewed 21 health professionals (HPs), involved in contraceptive counselling of women seeking abortion at three differently sized hospitals in Sweden...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Siw Waffenschmidt, Tatjana Hermanns, Andreas Gerber-Grote, Sarah Mostardt
OBJECTIVES: To determine a suitable approach to a systematic search for epidemiologic publications in bibliographic databases. For this purpose, suitable sensitive, precise, and optimized filters were to be selected for MEDLINE searches. In addition, the relevance of bibliographic databases was determined. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Epidemiologic systematic reviews (SRs) retrieved in a systematic search and company dossiers were screened to identify epidemiologic publications (primary studies and SRs) published since 2007...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Yongle Wu, Yuqing Chen, Lingxiao Jiao, Yuanan Liu, Zabih Ghassemlooy
A novel perturbation approach using additional metalized via-holes for implementation of the dual-band or wide-band dual-mode substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) filters is proposed in this paper. The independent perturbation on the first resonant mode TE101 can be constructed by applying the proposed perturbation approach, whereas the second resonant mode TE102 is not affected. Thus, new kinds of dual-band or wide-band dual-mode SIW filters with a fixed or an independently reconfigurable low-frequency band have been directly achieved...
2016: Scientific Reports
Miriam Luhnen, Siw Waffenschmidt, Andreas Gerber-Grote, Gloria Hanke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The approval of sofosbuvir offers new therapeutic options for patients suffering from chronic hepatitis C. In phase III trials, it has demonstrated significantly greater efficacy and safety in comparison with the old standard of care. In addition, it provides the first interferon-free regimen allowing treatment of patients without previous therapeutic options. A current debate regarding pricing and affordability can be attributed to high treatment costs. The objective of this review was to compare health economic evaluations of sofosbuvir for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in terms of models, patient populations, interventions and results...
October 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Fahri Şahin, Kezban Pınar Özen, Filiz Vural, Serra Kamer, Mehmet Argın, Yavuz Anacak, Mine Hekimgil, Güray Saydam
Langerhans cell histiocytosis syndromes have been described as encompassing a range of disorders, such as eosinophilic granuloma, Letterer-Siwe syndrome and Hand-Schüller-Christian disease. These disorders have been mainly diagnosed at early ages of life and are relatively rare entities in adult age groups. In this study, we aimed to retrospectively evaluate the patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis followed-up in our hospital. Seven patients were treated between 1995 and 2005. Median age of patients was 27...
June 5, 2007: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Siw Tone Innstrand
The aim of the present study was to explore occupational differences in the experience of engagement both with regard to differences in the level of work engagement as well as in the predicting value of different antecedent variables. Multigroup latent mean analysis was performed on eight different occupational groups in Norway (lawyers, physicians, nurses, teachers, church ministers, bus drivers, and people working in advertising and information technology; N = 3,475). Tests for factorial invariance supported the use of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory scale across occupational groups and that the latent means were comparable across the groups...
August 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Elke Hausner, Charlotte Guddat, Tatjana Hermanns, Ulrike Lampert, Siw Waffenschmidt
BACKGROUND: In the development of search strategies for systematic reviews, "conceptual approaches" are generally recommended to identify appropriate search terms for those parts of the strategies for which no validated search filters exist. However, "objective approaches" based on search terms identified by text analysis are increasingly being applied. AIM: To prospectively compare an objective with a conceptual approach for the development of search strategies...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Renita Sörensdotter, Karin Siwe
Gynaecologists are in a position to challenge norms about gender and sexuality in relation to female genitals. Through their work they have the opportunity to educate patients, which is why teaching medical students to perform examinations in a gender sensitive way is significant. Medical students performing their first pelvic examination often experience the examination as uncomfortable because it is a body part that is connected to sex and to something private. This paper uses medical students' interpretations of performing their first pelvic examination as a means to discuss how cultural norms for gender, sexuality and female genitals affect these examinations...
November 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Vasanthakumar Packiriswamy, Mounir Bashour, Satheesha Nayak
The normal values of nasal dimensions and position have been established for various racial and ethnic groups. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of information related to these values in South Indian females, leading to surgeons being forced to use statistical data from Caucasians in their decision making. The objective of the present study was to compare statistically the nasal anthropometric measurement of South Indian women (SIW) with published norms for North American white women (NAWW) using independent t-test...
June 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Jean Emmanuel Mbosso Teinkela, Xavier Siwe Noundou, Edwige Laure Nguemfo, Franck Meyer, Alfred Djoukoue, Pierre Van Antwerpen, Silvère Ngouela, Etienne Tsamo, Emmanuel Albert Mpondo Mpondo, Juliette Cathérine Vardamides, Guy Anathole Blaise Azebaze, René Wintjens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Fitoterapia
Michael Kassardjian, Mayha Patel, Paul Shitabata, David Horowitz
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), also known as histiocytosis X, is a group of rare disorders characterized by the continuous replication of a particular white blood cell called Langerhans cells. These cells are derived from the bone marrow and are found in the epidermis, playing a large role in immune surveillance and the elimination of foreign substances from the body. Additionally, Langerhans cells are capable of migrating from the skin to lymph nodes, and in LCH, these cells begin to congregate on the bone, particularly in the head and neck region, causing a multitude of problems...
April 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Wei-Fang Chang, Yi-Chih Hsu, Yi-Der Wu, Chun-Lang Kuo, Guo-Shu Huang
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), formerly known as histiocytosis X, refers to a spectrum of diseases characterized by idiopathic proliferation of histiocytes that produce either focal (localized LCH) or systemic manifestations (Hand-Schüller-Christian disease and Letterer-Siwe disease). Localized LCH accounts for approximately 60-70 % of all LCH cases. Osseous involvement is the most common manifestation and typically involves the flat bones, along with lesions of the skull, pelvis, and ribs. Localized LCH in bone shows a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and radiologic features that may mimic those of infections as well as benign and malignant tumors...
2016: EXCLI journal
Mikaela Ridelberg, Kerstin Roback, Per Nilsen, Siw Carlfjord
BACKGROUND: There is widespread recognition of the problem of unsafe care and extensive efforts have been made over the last 15 years to improve patient safety. In Sweden, a new patient safety law obliges the 21 county councils to assemble a yearly patient safety report (PSR). The aim of this study was to describe the patient safety work carried out in Sweden by analysing the PSRs with regard to the structure, process and result elements reported, and to investigate the perceived usefulness of the PSRs as a tool to achieve improved patient safety...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Ganesh N Dakhale, Sumit S Wankhede, Mohini S Mahatme, Sachin K Hiware, Dharmendra B Mishra, Sujata S Dudhgaonkar
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of rupatadine and olopatadine in patients of chronic spontaneous urticaria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6-week, single-centered, randomized, double blind, parallel group comparative clinical study was conducted on patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria. Following inclusion and exclusion criteria, 60 patients were recruited and were randomized to two treatment groups and received the respective drugs for 6 weeks...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Helena Kilander, Siw Alehagen, Linnea Svedlund, Karin Westlund, Johan Thor, Jan Brynhildsen
INTRODUCTION: Despite high access to contraceptive services, 42% of the women who seek an abortion in Sweden have a history of previous abortion(s). The reasons for this high repeat abortion rate remain obscure. The objective of this study was to study the choice of contraceptive method after abortion and related odds of repeat abortions within 3-4 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study based on a medical record review at three hospitals in Sweden...
May 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Hanna Grundström, Preben Kjølhede, Carina Berterö, Siw Alehagen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify and describe the experiences of healthcare professionals when meeting women with symptoms that might indicate endometriosis. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 gynecologists, six general practitioners and nine midwives working at one university hospital, one central hospital, one private gynecology clinic and five healthcare centers in south-east Sweden. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim and analyzed using qualitative conventional content analysis...
March 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Caterina Vicens, Ermengol Sempere, Ferrán Bejarano, Isabel Socias, Catalina Mateu, Francisca Fiol, Vicente Palop, Marta Mengual, Silvia Folch, Guillem Lera, Josep Basora, Alfonso Leiva
BACKGROUND: Primary care interventions that promote cessation of benzodiazepine (BZD) use in long-term users are effective at 1 year, but their efficacy at 3 years is uncertain. AIM: To assess the 3-year efficacy of two primary care interventions delivered by GPs on cessation of BZD use in long-term users. DESIGN AND SETTING: Multicentre, three-arm, cluster randomised, controlled trial, with random allocation at the GP level. METHOD: Seventy-five GPs and 532 patients were randomly allocated to three groups: usual care (control), structured intervention with stepped-dose reduction and follow-up visits (SIF), or structured intervention with written stepped-dose reduction (SIW)...
February 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Muneera Al-Mohannadi, Rafie Yakoub, Madiha E Soofi, Hesham Mahmoud A Elsabah, Ragesh Babu Thandassery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hongliu Ding, Tong-Jen Fu
Sprouts have been a recurring public health challenge due to microbiological contamination, and Salmonella has been the major cause of sprout-associated outbreaks. Although seed treatment and microbiological testing have been applied as risk reduction measures during sprout production, the extent to which their effectiveness in reducing the public health risks associated with sprouts has not been well investigated. We conducted a quantitative risk assessment to measure the risk posed by Salmonella contamination in sprouts and to determine whether and how mitigation strategies can achieve a satisfactory risk reduction based on the assumption that the risk reduction achieved by a microbiological sampling and testing program at a given sensitivity is equivalent to that achieved by direct inactivation of pathogens...
January 2016: Journal of Food Protection
Louis P Sandjo, Victor Kuete, Xavier N Siwe, Herve M P Poumale, Thomas Efferth
A preliminary study on Echinops giganteus (Asteraceae) showed that the methanolic extract has interesting cytotoxicities against a panel of cancer cell lines. From this extract, a lignan, a flavonoid and a polyacetylenic thiophene identified were three times less cytotoxic than the extract. In the search of the metabolites responsible for the bioactivity, a new harvested E. giganteus was subjected to a phytochemical study using chromatographic methods. In the course of the work, two new compounds: a brominated oleanolide (1) and a tetrahydrofurano-ceramide (2) were obtained along with β-amyrin acetate (3), 2-(penta-1,3-diynyl)-5-(4-hydroxybut-1-ynyl)-thiophene (4), 2-(penta-1,3-diynyl)-5-(3,4-dihydroxybut-1-ynyl)-thiophene (5) and 4-hydroxy-2,6-di-(3',4'-dimethoxyphenyl)-3,7-dioxabicyclo-(3...
January 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
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