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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346901/boundary-work-for-implementing-adaptive-management-a-water-sector-application
#1
Blal Adem Esmail, Davide Geneletti, Christian Albert
Boundary work, defined as effort to mediate between knowledge and action, is a promising approach for facilitating knowledge co-production for sustainable development. Here, we investigate a case study of knowledge co-production, to assess the applicability of boundary work as a conceptual framework to support implementing adaptive management in the water sector. We refer to a boundary work classification recently proposed by Clark et al., (2016), based on three types of knowledge uses, i.e. enlightenment, decision-, and negotiation-support, and three types of sources, i...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346814/nicotinamide-riboside-a-form-of-vitamin-b3-and-nad-precursor-relieves-the-nociceptive-and-aversive-dimensions-of-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-female-rats
#2
Marta V Hamity, Stephanie R White, Roxanne Y Walder, Mark S Schmidt, Charles Brenner, Donna L Hammond
Injury to sensory afferents may contribute to the peripheral neuropathies that develop after administration of chemotherapeutic agents. Manipulations that increase levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) can protect against neuronal injury. This study examined whether nicotinamide riboside (NR), a third form of vitamin B3 and precursor of NAD, diminishes tactile hypersensitivity and place escape-avoidance behaviors in a rodent model of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy. Female Sprague-Dawley rats received 3 intravenous injections of 6...
January 30, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346708/high-resolution-isotopic-monitoring-of-cave-air-co2
#3
Paul Töchterle, Yuri Dublyansky, Nils Stöbener, Magda Mandić, Christoph Spötl
RATIONALE: CO2 is the main driver of many chemical processes in cave environments. Understanding CO2 fluxes in a given cave system through monitoring campaigns has become a standard procedure in a wide variety of fields such as paleoclimatology or show cave management. However, conventional methods lack the resolution of isotopic data to capture many transient processes occurring in caves. METHODS: A novel approach using isotope ratio infrared spectrometry (IRIS) to monitor cave air pCO2 , δ(13) C and δ(18) O values in situ was tested and compared with conventional monitoring methods (handheld pCO2 meter and discrete cave air samples for conventional isotope ratio mass spectrometry)...
March 27, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346685/experience-of-shame-mediates-the-relationship-between-pathological-narcissism-and-suicidal-ideation-in-psychiatric-outpatients
#4
Nenad Jaksic, Darko Marcinko, Milena Skocic Hanzek, Blaz Rebernjak, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVE: Pathological narcissism, described by 2 dysfunctional phenotypic forms-grandiosity and vulnerability-has often been connected to suicidal tendencies in theoretical and clinical literatures. Furthermore, shame proneness has been implicated as a key mechanism that links these 2 constructs. However, empirical evidence for the presumed relationship between pathological narcissism and suicidal tendencies is sparse, and no prior research has investigated the role of shame proneness in this relationship...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346606/evidence-based-redesign-of-the-comlex-usa-series
#5
John R Gimpel, Dorothy Horber, Jeanne M Sandella, Janice A Knebl, John E Thornburg
To ensure that the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) reflects the evolving practice of osteopathic medicine, the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners has developed new content and format specifications for an enhanced, competency-based examination program to be implemented with COMLEX-USA Level 3 in 2018. This article summarizes the evidence-based design processes that served as the foundation for blueprint development and the evidence supporting its validity...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346514/valence-arousal-familiarity-concreteness-and-imageability-ratings-for-292-two-character-chinese-nouns-in-cantonese-speakers-in-hong-kong
#6
Lydia T S Yee
Words are frequently used as stimuli in cognitive psychology experiments, for example, in recognition memory studies. In these experiments, it is often desirable to control for the words' psycholinguistic properties because differences in such properties across experimental conditions might introduce undesirable confounds. In order to avoid confounds, studies typically check to see if various affective and lexico-semantic properties are matched across experimental conditions, and so databases that contain values for these properties are needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346456/sub-10-nm-patterning-via-directed-self-assembly-of-block-copolymer-films-with-a-vapour-phase-deposited-topcoat
#7
Hyo Seon Suh, Do Han Kim, Priya Moni, Shisheng Xiong, Leonidas E Ocola, Nestor J Zaluzec, Karen K Gleason, Paul F Nealey
Directed self-assembly (DSA) of the domain structure in block copolymer (BCP) thin films is a promising approach for sub-10-nm surface patterning. DSA requires the control of interfacial properties on both interfaces of a BCP film to induce the formation of domains that traverse the entire film with a perpendicular orientation. Here we show a methodology to control the interfacial properties of BCP films that uses a polymer topcoat deposited by initiated chemical vapour deposition (iCVD). The iCVD topcoat forms a crosslinked network that grafts to and immobilizes BCP chains to create an interface that is equally attractive to both blocks of the underlying copolymer...
March 27, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346221/direct-nucleation-morphology-and-compositional-tuning-of-inas1-x-sb-x-nanowires-on-inas-111-b-substrates
#8
Luna Namazi, Sepideh Gorji Ghalamestani, Sebastian Lehmann, Reza R Zamani, Kimberly A Dick
III-V ternary nanowires are interesting due to the possibility of modulating their physical and material properties by tuning their material composition. Amongst them InAs1-x Sb x nanowires are good candidates for applications such as Infrared detectors. However, this material has not been grown directly from substrates, in a large range of material compositions. Since the properties of ternaries are alterable by tuning their composition, it is beneficial to gain access to a wide range of composition tunability...
April 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346164/affiliative-interpersonal-behaviors-during-stress-are-associated-with-sleep-quality-and-presleep-arousal-in-young-healthy-adults
#9
Heather E Gunn, Kenneth L Critchfield, Julia E Mackaronis, Holly K Rau, Matthew R Cribbet, Wendy M Troxel, Paula G Williams
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between stress-related interpersonal behaviors, presleep arousal (PSA), and sleep quality. METHODS: Sixty-four participants (53% female) described a recent stressful interpersonal event that was coded for overall degree of affiliation (warmth vs hostility) and autonomy (independence vs interdependence). Cognitive and somatic PSA and sleep quality were examined using regression with affiliation and autonomy scores as predictors...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345862/quantification-of-lipid-metabolism-in-living-cells-through-the-dynamics-of-lipid-droplets-measured-by-stimulated-raman-scattering-imaging
#10
Chi Zhang, Junjie Li, Lu Lan, Ji-Xin Cheng
Dysregulation of lipid metabolism is associated with many diseases including cancer. Lipid droplet (LD), a ubiquitous organelle in mammalian cells, serves as a hub for lipid metabolism. Conventional assays on the measurement of lipid metabolism rely on the quantification of the lipid composition or amount. Such methods cannot distinguish LDs having different bio-functionalities in living cells, and thus could be inaccurate in measuring the instantaneous lipogenesis of the living cells. We applied label-free stimulated Raman scattering microscopy to quantify the LDs' spatial-temporal dynamics, which showed direct links to cellular lipid metabolisms and can separate LDs involving in different metabolic events...
March 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345584/terahertz-and-mid-infrared-plasmons-in-three-dimensional-nanoporous-graphene
#11
Fausto D'Apuzzo, Alba R Piacenti, Flavio Giorgianni, Marta Autore, Mariangela Cestelli Guidi, Augusto Marcelli, Ulrich Schade, Yoshikazu Ito, Mingwei Chen, Stefano Lupi
Two-dimensional (2D) graphene emerged as an outstanding material for plasmonic and photonic applications due to its charge-density tunability, high electron mobility, optical transparency and mechanical flexibility. Recently, novel fabrication processes have realised a three-dimensional (3D) nanoporous configuration of high-quality monolayer graphene which provides a third dimension to this material. In this work, we investigate the optical behaviour of nanoporous graphene by means of terahertz and infrared spectroscopy...
March 27, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345374/psychoticism-in-patients-with-panic-disorder-with-or-without-comorbid-agoraphobia
#12
Vasilios G Masdrakis, Emilia-Maria Legaki, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Manolis Markianos
OBJECTIVE: A few case-reports have previously described transient psychotic-like symptoms in non-psychotic patients with panic disorder (PD). We aimed to systematically explore whether PD patients without any current or past psychosis can be differentiated according to the severity of 'psychoticism' as a dimension, comprising clinical features such as psychotic-like experiences, increased social alienation, hostility and suspiciousness. METHODS: Sample included 35 (female = 26) medication-free, non-psychotic patients consecutively referred from our Department's Outpatient Clinic for acute symptoms of DSM-5 PD with (PDA; N = 29) or without concurrent agoraphobia...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345239/the-anatomy-of-the-blood-vascular-system-of-the-giant-vestimentiferan-tubeworm-riftia-pachyptila-siboglinidae-annelida
#13
Nadezhda N Rimskaya-Korsakova, Sergey V Galkin, Vladimir V Malakhov
The giant dimensions of vestimentiferan Riftia pachyptila (Jones, ) are achieved thanks to the well-developed vascular system. In the vestimentum, there is a complicated net of lacunae, including the brain blood supply and the ventral lacuna underlying the ciliary field. The trunk region has an extensive network of blood vessels feeding the gonads («rete mirabile»). The thick muscular lining of the mesenterial vessels in the trunk and the dorsal vessel in the opisthosome serves as an additional pump, pushing blood into numerous vessels in the segments...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345159/stereoselective-catalytic-synthesis-of-active-pharmaceutical-ingredients-in-homemade-3d-printed-mesoreactors
#14
Sergio Rossi, Riccardo Porta, Davide Brenna, Alessandra Puglisi, Maurizio Benaglia
3D-printed flow reactors were designed, fabricated from different materials (PLA, HIPS, nylon), and used for a catalytic stereoselective Henry reaction. The use of readily prepared and tunable 3D-printed reactors enabled the rapid screening of devices with different sizes, shapes, and channel dimensions, aimed at the identification of the best-performing reactor setup. The optimized process afforded the products in high yields, moderate diastereoselectivity, and up to 90 % ee. The method was applied to the continuous-flow synthesis of biologically active chiral 1,2-amino alcohols (norephedrine, metaraminol, and methoxamine) through a two-step sequence combining the nitroaldol reaction with a hydrogenation...
March 27, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345054/many-shades-of-gray-the-context-dependent-performance-of-organic-agriculture
#15
REVIEW
Verena Seufert, Navin Ramankutty
Organic agriculture is often proposed as a more sustainable alternative to current conventional agriculture. We assess the current understanding of the costs and benefits of organic agriculture across multiple production, environmental, producer, and consumer dimensions. Organic agriculture shows many potential benefits (including higher biodiversity and improved soil and water quality per unit area, enhanced profitability, and higher nutritional value) as well as many potential costs including lower yields and higher consumer prices...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344908/a-cross-sectional-survey-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-elementary-school-students-using-the-korean-version-of-the-eq-5d-y
#16
Sang-Kyu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Seon-Ha Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Korean version of the EQ-5D-Y was launched in 2015 by the EuroQol group. Currently, there is no HRQOL data obtained by using the EQ-5D-Y in Korea. This study aimed to measure health-related quality of life of Korean elementary school students using the EQ-5D-Y. METHODS: Elementary school students were recruited from 11 primary schools in Gyungbuk, South Korea. The EQ-5D-Y was self-administered in the sample population. Demographic characteristics were collected from the subjects' parents or guardians...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344843/the-impact-of-job-stress-and-job-satisfaction-on-workforce-productivity-in-an-iranian-petrochemical-industry
#17
Naser Hoboubi, Alireza Choobineh, Fatemeh Kamari Ghanavati, Sareh Keshavarzi, Ali Akbar Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Job stress and job satisfaction are important factors affecting workforce productivity. This study was carried out to investigate the job stress, job satisfaction, and workforce productivity levels, to examine the effects of job stress and job satisfaction on workforce productivity, and to identify factors associated with productivity decrement among employees of an Iranian petrochemical industry. METHODS: In this study, 125 randomly selected employees of an Iranian petrochemical company participated...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344819/olfaction-as-a-soldier-a-review-of-the-physiology-and-its-present-and-future-use-in-the-military
#18
REVIEW
Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Somasundram Subramaniam, De-Yun Wang
Olfaction is one of our 5 main qualitative sensory abilities. In this review, we have examined the physiology of olfaction from the olfactory receptor to the brain. Through analyzing the physiology of olfaction, we have found that the biochemistry of olfactory nerve stimulation is unique from that of other similar pathways. Upon receiving large amounts of input from the olfactory nerve, the olfactory bulb, followed by several layers of centrifugal and centripetal processing in the brain, has to sort the information from the input as well as integrate it with other inputs from the brain to develop a coherent understanding of the input...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344767/finding-truth-across-different-data-sources
#19
EDITORIAL
Alison Rein, Lisa A Simpson
The proliferation of new technology platforms and tools is dramatically advancing our ability to capture, integrate and use clinical and other health related data for research and care. Another critical and increasingly common source of data comes directly from patients - often in the form of Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO). As more providers and payers recognize that patient experiences reflect a critical dimension of the value proposition, these data are informing broader strategies to achieve performance improvement and accountability in health systems...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344763/utility-of-human-amniotic-membrane-allograft-in-re-epithelialization-of-the-nasal-tip
#20
D'Antonio C Dennis, Adam R Turnock, Collin Sutton, Bradley Chastant, Wesley B Vanderlan
Variations in skin thickness and contours pose significant challenges to reconstruction of the lower third of the nose. Human amniotic membrane allograft offers a potential alternative to tissue transfer in reconstruction of the lower third of the nose. We reviewed the procedure and photographs of a healthy 56-year-old male with a 22 × 18 mm lower third nasal defect involving full thickness skin and subcutaneous tissue. Following preparation for grafting, dehydrated human amniotic membrane was fashioned to the dimensions of the defect and applied...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
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