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Surabhi Dayal, Priyadarshini Sahu
The diagnosis and management of nonvenereal diseases are always a tough challenge for the dermatologist due to lack of studies on its diagnostic criteria and standard treatment guidelines. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis primarily in the uncircumcised, middle-aged to old-aged men. Although it was described by Zoon in 1952, its etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical. This article provides an overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathological features, and diagnostic criteria and diagnostic methods of ZB...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Mingjie Jin, Cory Sarks, Bryan D Bals, Nick Posawatz, Christa Gunawan, Bruce E Dale, Venkatesh Balan
High solids loadings (>18 wt%) in enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation are desired for lignocellulosic biofuel production at a high titer and low cost. However, sugar conversion and ethanol yield decrease with increasing solids loading. The factor(s) limiting sugar conversion at high solids loading is not clearly understood. In the present study, we investigated the effect of solids loading on simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF) of AFEX(TM) (ammonia fiber expansion) pretreated corn stover for ethanol production using a xylose fermenting strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae 424A(LNH-ST)...
November 26, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Sowmya P Mohandas, Linu Balan, N Lekshmi, Sherine Sonia Cubelio, Rosamma Philip, I S Bright Singh
AIM: Production and characterization of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from moderately halophilic bacterium Vibrio harveyi MCCB 284 isolated from tunicate Phallusia nigra. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty five bacterial isolates were obtained from tunicate samples and three among them exhibited an orange fluorescence in Nile red staining indicating the presence of PHB. One of the isolates, MCCB 284, which showed rapid growth and good polymer yield, was identified as V. harveyi...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Rajeswari Subramaniyan, Balan Louis Gaspar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Balan Louis Gaspar, Saniya Sharma, Rajinder Singh, Rakesh Kumar Vasishta
Primary giant cell tumor of the female breast is extremely rare. Major diagnostic difficulty is encountered not only by the surgeon but also by the radiologist and pathologist. Pathologically, it is similar to the bone and soft tissue counterparts. However, this is not always true. We describe a patient presenting clinically as cystosarcoma phyllodes and histopathological examination revealed a primary giant cell tumor which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Interestingly, an intimate relationship between the mononuclear component of the tumor cells with eosinophils and mast cells was observed electron microscopically...
November 16, 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Jyoshid R Balan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Jyoshid R Balan
BACKGROUND: Fingertip injury requiring flap cover is very common in the modern era. The ideal cover should fulfill both functional and aesthetic improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2015 to April 2016, we performed seven free toe pulp flaps for finger defect reconstruction. All patients were males. Five flaps were done in emergency post-traumatic cases, and two were done in elective set up. The cases included reconstruction of three thumbs, one index and one ring finger in an emergency set up and two ring fingers in the elective...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Bilel Chouchene, Tahar Ben Chaabane, Lavinia Balan, Emilien Girot, Kevin Mozet, Ghouti Medjahdi, Raphaël Schneider
Ce-doped ZnO (ZnO:Ce) nanorods have been prepared through a solvothermal method and the effects of Ce-doping on the structural, optical and electronic properties of ZnO rods were studied. ZnO:Ce rods were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS, BET, DRS and Raman spectroscopy. 5% Ce-doped ZnO rods with an average length of 130 nm and a diameter of 23 nm exhibit the highest photocatalytic activity for the degradation of the Orange II dye under solar light irradiation. The high photocatalytic activity is ascribed to the substantially enhanced light absorption in the visible region, to the high surface area of ZnO:Ce rods and to the effective electron-hole pair separation originating from Ce doping...
2016: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Maria Claudia Franca, Linda McCabe Smith, Jane Luanne Nichols, Dianna Santos Balan
Purpose: Academic education in speech-language pathology should prepare students to provide professional services that mirror current knowledge, skills, and scope of practice in a pluralistic society. This study seeks to examine the impact of speech-language pathology (SLP) students prior multicultural experiences and previous formal education on attitudes and beliefs toward language diversity. Methods: A survey to investigate SLP students attitudes toward language diversity was applied...
September 2016: CoDAS
Patricia J Slininger, Maureen A Shea-Andersh, Stephanie R Thompson, Bruce S Dien, Cletus P Kurtzman, Leonardo Da Costa Sousa, Venkatesh Balan
Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant, renewable feedstock useful for production of fuel-grade ethanol and other bio-products. Pretreatment and enzyme saccharification processes release sugars that can be fermented by yeast. Traditional industrial yeasts do not ferment xylose (comprising up to 40% of plant sugars) and are not able to function in concentrated hydrolyzates. Concentrated hydrolyzates are needed to support economical ethanol recovery, but they are laden with toxic byproducts generated during pretreatment...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
M Toyoshima, W Akamatsu, Y Okada, T Ohnishi, S Balan, Y Hisano, Y Iwayama, T Toyota, T Matsumoto, N Itasaka, S Sugiyama, M Tanaka, M Yano, B Dean, H Okano, T Yoshikawa
Given the complexity and heterogeneity of the genomic architecture underlying schizophrenia, molecular analyses of these patients with defined and large effect-size genomic defects could provide valuable clues. We established human-induced pluripotent stem cells from two schizophrenia patients with the 22q11.2 deletion (two cell lines from each subject, total of four cell lines) and three controls (total of four cell lines). Neurosphere size, neural differentiation efficiency, neurite outgrowth, cellular migration and the neurogenic-to-gliogenic competence ratio were significantly reduced in patient-derived cells...
November 1, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
Prakash Balan, H Vernon Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Uma S Babu, Kannan V Balan, Elmer Bigley, Marion Pereira, Thomas Black, Nicholas Olejnik, Zachary Keltner, Robert L Sprando
Male and female rats (26-day old) were exposed to 0.0, 0.4, 4 or 40 mg/kg body weight silver acetate (AgAc) in drinking water for 10 weeks prior to and during mating. Sperm positive females remained within their dose groups and were exposed to AgAc during gestation and lactation. Splenic and thymic lymphocyte subsets from F1 generation PD (postnatal day) 4 and 26 pups were assessed by flow cytometry for changes in phenotypic markers. Spleens from PD4 pups had lower percentages of CD8(+) lymphocytes in 4 and 40 mg/kg AgAc exposed groups and reduced Concanavalin A (Con A) response at all AgAc exposure groups...
October 24, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
E Calleja Aguayo, A E Hernández Calvarro, C Marhuenda Irastorza
OBJECTIVES: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a chronic inflamatory disease, a genital form of Lichen Sclerosus in males. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective and descriptive analysis was carried out by rewiew of the medical records of boys who underwent circumcision from April 2013 to April 2014. The study group consisted of boys that were circumcised due it persistant phimosis at 4 years of age, urinary symptoms or painful erection. The histopathological examination was performed only in patients with clinical suspicion of BXO...
July 20, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
M Janier, I Maatouk, N Dupin, B Milpied, N Spenatto, C Vernay-Vaïsse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Xindi C Hu, David Q Andrews, Andrew B Lindstrom, Thomas A Bruton, Laurel A Schaider, Philippe Grandjean, Rainer Lohmann, Courtney C Carignan, Arlene Blum, Simona A Balan, Christopher P Higgins, Elsie M Sunderland
Drinking water contamination with poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) poses risks to the developmental, immune, metabolic, and endocrine health of consumers. We present a spatial analysis of 2013-2015 national drinking water PFAS concentrations from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (US EPA) third Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR3) program. The number of industrial sites that manufacture or use these compounds, the number of military fire training areas, and the number of wastewater treatment plants are all significant predictors of PFAS detection frequencies and concentrations in public water supplies...
October 11, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology Letters
K L M Pfistermüller, S Manoharan, D Desai, P M Cuckow
INTRODUCTION: Repair of severe primary and revision hypospadias is a demanding procedure. Debate continues as to whether a two-stage approach or single-stage technique is superior. The two-stage procedure with a free graft involves penile straightening followed by application of a graft for the neourethral plate at stage one; with tubularization at stage two after graft maturation. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcomes of a single surgeon's experience with the two-stage repair using a free graft for both severe primary and revision hypospadias with long-term follow-up...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Karthik Bommannan, Balan Louis Gaspar, Man Updesh Singh Sachdeva
Sarcina is a Gram-positive anaerobic coccus that has been consistently reported in the upper gastrointestinal tract biopsies of patients with evidence of gastric stasis. The pathogenic role of Sarcina in humans is not entirely known. We describe an infant who was surgically treated for posterior urethral valve and the urine showed pathogenic Sarcina.
October 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Shuyu Chu, Niels Münster, Tudor Balan, Martin D Smith
Morphine has been a target for synthetic chemists since Robinson proposed its correct structure in 1925, resulting in a large number of total syntheses of morphine alkaloids. Here we report a total synthesis of (±)-morphine that employs two key strategic cyclizations: 1) a diastereoselective light-mediated cyclization of an O-arylated butyrolactone to form a tricyclic cis-fused benzofuran and 2) a cascade ene-yne-ene ring closing metathesis to forge the tetracyclic morphine core. This approach enables a short and stereoselective synthesis of morphine in an overall yield of 6...
November 7, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Fabián G Cantú Reinhard, Mala A Sainna, Pranav Upadhyay, G Alex Balan, Devesh Kumar, Simonetta Fornarini, Maria Elisa Crestoni, Sam P de Visser
Cytochrome P450 enzymes are heme-containing mono-oxygenases that mainly react through oxygen-atom transfer. Specific features of substrate and oxidant that determine the reaction rate constant for oxygen atom transfer are still poorly understood and therefore, we did a systematic gas-phase study on reactions by iron(IV)-oxo porphyrin cation radical structures with arenes. We present herein the first results obtained by using Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry and provide rate constants and product distributions for the assayed reactions...
October 11, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
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