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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088311/prevalence-of-preoperative-penile-abnormalities-among-voluntary-male-medical-circumcision-patients-in-swaziland
#1
Anthony R Oddo, Elizabeth Ruedrich, Christopher Zust, Lindsey Marugg, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Rebekah Sartori, Ronald Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Circumcision has been found to be an effective strategy for lowering the transmission of HIV in Africa. The Luke Commission, a mobile hospital outreach program, has used this information to decrease the rate of HIV in Swaziland by performing voluntary male medical circumcisions throughout the country. During many of these circumcisions, genital medical conditions and penile abnormalities are simultaneously discovered and corrected. PURPOSE: The goal of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of penile abnormalities discovered and treated during voluntary male medical circumcisions performed by The Luke Commission (TLC) throughout rural Swaziland...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076706/circinate-balanitis
#2
Ana Pulido-Perez, Ricardo Suarez-Fernandez
A 37-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a 7-day history of genital lesions. He also had weight loss (approximately 4 kg), fatigue, and back pain but no gastrointestinal symptoms. Two months before presentation, he had had dysuria and urethral discharge, both of which resolved..
January 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073605/comprehensive-association-analysis-of-27-genes-from-the-gabaergic-system-in-japanese-individuals-affected-with-schizophrenia
#3
Shabeesh Balan, Kazuo Yamada, Yoshimi Iwayama, Takanori Hashimoto, Tomoko Toyota, Chie Shimamoto, Motoko Maekawa, Shu Takagai, Tomoyasu Wakuda, Yosuke Kameno, Daisuke Kurita, Kohei Yamada, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Tasuku Hashimoto, Nobuhisa Kanahara, Takeo Yoshikawa
Involvement of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic system in schizophrenia pathogenesis through disrupted neurodevelopment has been highlighted in numerous studies. However, the function of common genetic variants of this system in determining schizophrenia risk is unknown. We therefore tested the association of 375 tagged SNPs in genes derived from the GABAergic system, such as GABAA receptor subunit genes, and GABA related genes (glutamate decarboxylase genes, GABAergic-marker gene, genes involved in GABA receptor trafficking and scaffolding) in Japanese schizophrenia case-control samples (n=2926; 1415 cases and 1511 controls)...
January 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043767/bleeding-after-circumcision-is-more-likely-in-children-with-lichen-sclerosus-balanitis-xerotica-obliterans
#4
P Somov, B K Y Chan, C Wilde, H Corbett
INTRODUCTION: Over 27,000 circumcisions were performed in England in 2012-13. The complication rate is generally perceived to be low, although published figures vary widely. Balanitis xerotica obliterans, more correctly termed Lichen Sclerosus et atrophicus (LS), is one of the commonest indications for medical circumcision. To test the hypothesis that children undergoing circumcision for LS have a higher rate of postoperative bleeding than those undergoing the procedure for other reasons, we retrospectively reviewed records for patients undergoing circumcision...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027671/nutrition-status-of-primary-school-students-in-two-rural-regions-of-guinea-bissau
#5
Edward Saltzman, Nina Schlossman, Carrie A Brown, Ionela Balan, Paul Fuss, Payal Batra, Augusto Braima de Sa, Mary Kyla Shea, William M Pruzensky, Carlito Bale, Susan B Roberts
BACKGROUND: The nutrition status of primary schoolchildren in Africa has received relatively little attention in comparison to that of younger children. We surveyed primary school students in Guinea-Bissau, a nation that is among the poorest in the world. OBJECTIVE: Anthropometry and prevalence of anemia and vitamin A deficiency were assessed in schoolchildren participating in International Partnership for Human Development's school feeding program in 2 regions of Guinea-Bissau...
January 1, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025976/dendritic-cell-based-immunotherapy
#6
REVIEW
Rachel L Sabado, Sreekumar Balan, Nina Bhardwaj
Immunotherapy using dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccination is an approved approach for harnessing the potential of a patient's own immune system to eliminate tumor cells in metastatic hormone-refractory cancer. Overall, although many DC vaccines have been tested in the clinic and proven to be immunogenic, and in some cases associated with clinical outcome, there remains no consensus on how to manufacture DC vaccines. In this review we will discuss what has been learned thus far about human DC biology from clinical studies, and how current approaches to apply DC vaccines in the clinic could be improved to enhance anti-tumor immunity...
January 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018695/from-benign-to-malign-in-a-case-of-cervical-adenopathy-in-a-17-year-old-adolescent-diagnostic-traps
#7
Simona Dumitra, Maria Trailescu, Amelia Burlea, Claudia Covaci, Ozana Balan, Adrian Pavel, Carmen Crișan
Distinguishing between benign and malign adenopathies remains a challenge and could represent a source of error in a diagnosis. We report a case of right laterocervical adenopathy in a 17-year-old teenager admitted to hospital with an episode of fever associated with dysphagia, congested pharynx, and pultaceous deposits. Initially the adenopathy was considered to be secondary to a coinfection with Streptococcus B-hemolytic and Epstein-Barr virus, as suggested by the positive bacteriological and serological tests...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987890/fabrication-of-chitosan-polycaprolactone-composite-nanofibrous-scaffold-for-simultaneous-delivery-of-ferulic-acid-and-resveratrol
#8
Balan Poornima, Purna Sai Korrapati
Wound healing is a complex cellular process involving various mechanisms making it intricate for designing a scaffold for therapeutic use. This study deals with the designing and development of coaxial electrospun Chitosan-Polycaprolactone nanofiber wound dressings for efficient simultaneous drug delivery. Ferulic acid and resveratrol were chosen for incorporation into core-shell nanofibers for their efficacy in anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic activities respectively. Structural and physico-chemical characterization of the scaffold confirmed the encapsulation of both the molecules...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970105/tct-724-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-national-experience
#9
Abhijeet Dhoble, Viraj Bhise, Prakash Balan, Tuyen C Nguyen, Pranav Loyalka, Biswajit Kar, Richard Smalling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970045/tct-668-comparison-of-early-readmissions-after-transcatheter-and-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#10
Abhijeet Dhoble, Viraj Bhise, Konstantinos Charitakis, Prakash Balan, Salman Arain, Tuyen C Nguyen, Richard Smalling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965505/apical-extrusion-of-intracanal-bacteria-following-use-of-two-engine-driven-instrumentation-techniques-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Niyaz Mohammed, M C Noushad, Biji Balan, N Dhanesh, Nishi Jayasheelan, Vanita D Revankar
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare in vitro the amount of debris extruded apically from extracted teeth, using Twisted files and ProTaper rotary during two different instrumentation systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five human single-rooted mandibular premolar teeth were randomly divided into three groups and contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. The teeth in experimental groups were instrumented until reaching the working length with ProTaper rotary instruments and Twisted files with XSmart and XSmart Dual groups...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951509/techno-economic-comparison-of-centralized-versus-decentralized-biorefineries-for-two-alkaline-pretreatment-processes
#12
Ryan J Stoklosa, Andrea Del Pilar Orjuela, Leonardo da Costa Sousa, Nirmal Uppugundla, Daniel L Williams, Bruce E Dale, David B Hodge, Venkatesh Balan
In this work, corn stover subjected to ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX™)(1) pretreatment or alkaline pre-extraction followed by hydrogen peroxide post-treatment (AHP pretreatment) were compared for their enzymatic hydrolysis yields over a range of solids loadings, enzymes loadings, and enzyme combinations. Process techno-economic models were compared for cellulosic ethanol production for a biorefinery that handles 2000tons per day of corn stover employing a centralized biorefinery approach with AHP or a de-centralized AFEX pretreatment followed by biomass densification feeding a centralized biorefinery...
February 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938857/aneurinifactin-a-new-lipopeptide-biosurfactant-produced-by-a-marine-aneurinibacillus-aneurinilyticus-sbp-11-isolated-from-gulf-of-mannar-purification-characterization-and-its-biological-evaluation
#13
Shanmugasundaram Senthil Balan, C Ganesh Kumar, Singaram Jayalakshmi
Biosurfactants are microbial-derived amphiphilic molecules having hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties produced by bacteria, fungi, yeasts and algae and are extracellular or cell wall-associated compounds. In an ongoing survey for bioactive microbial metabolites from microbes isolated from diverse ecological niches, a new lipopeptide biosurfactant was identified from a marine bacterium; Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus strain SBP-11, which was isolated from a marine diversity hotspot, Gulf of Mannar, India...
January 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890945/zoon-balanitis-a-comprehensive-review
#14
REVIEW
Surabhi Dayal, Priyadarshini Sahu
The diagnosis and management of nonvenereal diseases are always a tough challenge for the dermatologist due to lack of studies on its diagnostic criteria and standard treatment guidelines. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis primarily in the uncircumcised, middle-aged to old-aged men. Although it was described by Zoon in 1952, its etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical. This article provides an overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathological features, and diagnostic criteria and diagnostic methods of ZB...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888662/toward-high-solids-loading-process-for-lignocellulosic-biofuel-production-at-a-low-cost
#15
Mingjie Jin, Cory Sarks, Bryan D Bals, Nick Posawatz, Christa Gunawan, Bruce E Dale, Venkatesh Balan
High solids loadings (>18 wt%) in enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation are desired for lignocellulosic biofuel production at a high titer and low cost. However, sugar conversion and ethanol yield decrease with increasing solids loading. The factor(s) limiting sugar conversion at high solids loading is not clearly understood. In the present study, we investigated the effect of solids loading on simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF) of AFEX(TM) (ammonia fiber expansion) pretreated corn stover for ethanol production using a xylose fermenting strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae 424A(LNH-ST)...
November 26, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868364/production-and-characterization-of-polyhydroxybutyrate-from-vibrio-harveyi-mccb-284-utilizing-glycerol-as-carbon-source
#16
S P Mohandas, L Balan, N Lekshmi, S S Cubelio, R Philip, I S Bright Singh
AIMS: Production and characterization of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from moderately halophilic bacterium Vibrio harveyi MCCB 284 isolated from tunicate Phallusia nigra. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five bacterial isolates were obtained from tunicate samples and three among them exhibited an orange fluorescence in Nile red staining indicating the presence of PHB. One of the isolates, MCCB 284, which showed rapid growth and good polymer yield, was identified as V. harveyi...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863766/a-closer-look-into-blood-group-discrepancy-arising-due-to-an-underlying-malignancy
#17
Rajeswari Subramaniyan, Balan Louis Gaspar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862328/primary-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-female-breast-a-diagnostic-red-herring-with-therapeutic-implications
#18
Balan Louis Gaspar, Saniya Sharma, Rajinder Singh, Rakesh Kumar Vasishta
Primary giant cell tumor of the female breast is extremely rare. Major diagnostic difficulty is encountered not only by the surgeon but also by the radiologist and pathologist. Pathologically, it is similar to the bone and soft tissue counterparts. However, this is not always true. We describe a patient presenting clinically as cystosarcoma phyllodes and histopathological examination revealed a primary giant cell tumor which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Interestingly, an intimate relationship between the mononuclear component of the tumor cells with eosinophils and mast cells was observed electron microscopically...
January 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833299/hatchet-flap-and-rotation-flap-for-distal-dorsal-finger-defect-reconstruction
#19
Jyoshid R Balan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833279/free-toe-pulp-flap-for-finger-pulp-and-volar-defect-reconstruction
#20
Jyoshid R Balan
BACKGROUND: Fingertip injury requiring flap cover is very common in the modern era. The ideal cover should fulfill both functional and aesthetic improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2015 to April 2016, we performed seven free toe pulp flaps for finger defect reconstruction. All patients were males. Five flaps were done in emergency post-traumatic cases, and two were done in elective set up. The cases included reconstruction of three thumbs, one index and one ring finger in an emergency set up and two ring fingers in the elective...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
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