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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076540/self-reported-occupational-accidents-among-brazil-s-adult-population-based-on-data-from-the-2013-national-health-survey
#1
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Marco da Silveira Franco, Flavia Vinhaes Santos, Elaine Leandro Machado, Carlos Minayo Gómez
Objective: to provide an overview of occupational accidents among Brazil's adult population. Methods: descriptive study using data from the 2013 National Health Survey. Results: A total of 4.9 million workers mentioned having suffered some kind of work-related accident, which is equivalent to 3.4% (CI95% 4.6-5.6) of Brazil's adult population. Prevalence rates were higher among men, young adults aged between 18 and 39 years, and black people and in the North Region of the country...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055229/airbag-deployment-related-eye-injuries
#2
Tapio Antero Koisaari, Tiina Leivo, Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Pekka Sulander, Timo M T Tervo
OBJECTIVE We studied the correlation between airbag deployment and eye injuries using two different data sets. METHODS The registry of the Finnish Road Accident (FRA) Investigation Teams (RAIT) was analyzed to study severe head- and eyewear-related injuries. All fatal passenger car or van accidents that occurred during the years 2009-12 (4 years) were included (n = 734). Cases in which the driver's front airbag was deployed were subjected to analysis (n = 409). To determine the proportion of minor, potentially airbag-related eye injuries, the results were compared to the data for all new eye injury patients (n = 1151) recorded at the Emergency Clinic of the Helsinki University Eye Hospital (HUEH) during one year, from 1...
January 5, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043267/-investigation-of-emergency-capacities-for-occupational-hazard-accidents-in-silicon-solar-cell-producing-enterprises
#3
D D Yang, J N Xu, B L Zhu
Objective: To investigate and analyze the influential factors of occupational hazard acci-dents, emergency facilities and emergency management in Silicon solar cell producing enterprises, then to pro-vide scientific strategies. Methods: The methods of occupationally healthy field investigating, inspecting of ven-tilation effectiveness, setup of emergency program and wearing chemical suit were used. Results: The mainly occupational hazard accidents factors in the process of Silicon solar cell producing included poisoning chemi-cals, high temperature, onizing radiation and some workplaces...
November 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043011/the-impact-of-changes-in-work-stressors-and-coping-resources-on-the-risk-of-new-onset-suicide-ideation-among-chinese-petroleum-industry-workers
#4
Jing Xiao, Suzhen Guan, Hua Ge, Ning Tao, Yanxia Zhang, Yu Jiang, Li Ning, Jiwen Liu, Yulong Lian
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the relationship between changing psychosocial work conditions and suicidality. We examined whether or not changed work stressors and coping resources increase the risk of new-onset suicidal ideation. METHODS: A total of 1384 workers from the Occupational Health Study of Petroleum Industry Workers were included in this study. A baseline evaluation of work-related stress and coping resources was followed by a final evaluation after 2 years...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042212/occurrence-of-needlestick-and-injuries-among-health-care-workers-of-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-north-india
#5
Varun Goel, Dinesh Kumar, Raghavendra Lingaiah, Sarman Singh
INTRODUCTION: Occupational hazards such as accidental exposure to sharp, cuts, and splashes are common among health-care workers (HCWs). AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the occurrence of self-reported occupational exposures to these hazards and to know the prevalent practices following the exposure. The second aim was to know the baseline antibody levels against hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) immediately after these accidents...
January 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030934/the-physiotherapeutic-context-of-loss-of-dominant-arm-function-due-to-occupational-accidents
#6
Anna Kostiukow, Elżbieta Kaluga, Włodzimierz Samborski, Elżbieta Rostkowska
INTRODUCTION: The study examines the problem of dominant arm function loss in rural adult patients due to work-related accidents. The types of risks involved in farmyard work include falling from a height, manually moving loads, overturning/accident whilst driving an agricultural tractor, noise and vibration, use of pesticides, and the risk of being cut or injured. The study focuses on adaptation of the non-dominant arm. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the study was evaluation of visual-motor coordination on the basis of performance of the non-dominant hand in patients after the loss of function of the dominant arm...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029497/active-numerical-model-of-human-body-for-reconstruction-of-falls-from-height
#7
Marcin Milanowicz, Krzysztof Kędzior
Falls from height constitute the largest group of incidents out of approximately 90,000 occupational accidents occurring each year in Poland. Reconstruction of the exact course of a fall from height is generally difficult due to lack of sufficient information from the accident scene. This usually results in several contradictory versions of an incident and impedes, for example, determination of the liability in a judicial process. In similar situations, in many areas of human activity, researchers apply numerical simulation...
October 21, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027540/state-institution-%C3%A2-national-research-center-for-radiation-medicine-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine%C3%A2-research-activities-and-scientific-advance-in-2015
#8
D Bazyka, V Sushko, A Chumak, V Buzunov, V Talko, L Yanovych
Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2014 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report.The report presents the results of fundamental and applied research works of the study of radiation effects and health effects of the Chornobyl accident; fulfillment of tasks of «State social program for improving safety, occupational health and working environment in 2014-2018 years»...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019001/characteristics-of-road-traffic-accident-casualties-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#9
Dinesh M Fernando, Sampath U Tennakoon, Achini N Samaranayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
The mortality and morbidity of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing in the South Asian region, including Sri Lanka. Therefore, the demographic factors, types of vehicles involved, and the severity of injuries sustained in RTA was studied. Age, gender, and details of the incident of all patients admitted to hospital following a RTA, between January 2007 and August 2012, were obtained by interview. Following a medico-legal examination, the type and severity of injuries was categorized as, non-grievous, grievous, endangering life or fatal in the ordinary course of nature...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013579/a-rodent-model-of-night-shift-work-induces-short-term-and-enduring-sleep-and-electroencephalographic-disturbances
#10
Janne Grønli, Peter Meerlo, Torhild T Pedersen, Ståle Pallesen, Silje Skrede, Andrea R Marti, Jonathan P Wisor, Robert Murison, Tone E G Henriksen, Michael J Rempe, Jelena Mrdalj
Millions of people worldwide are working at times that overlap with the normal time for sleep. Sleep problems related to the work schedule may mediate the well-established relationship between shift work and increased risk for disease, occupational errors and accidents. Yet, our understanding of causality and the underlying mechanisms that explain this relationship is limited. We aimed to assess the consequences of night-shift work for sleep and to examine whether night-shift work-induced sleep disturbances may yield electrophysiological markers of impaired maintenance of the waking brain state...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009394/eighty-years-of-cirm-a-journey-of-commitment-and-dedication-in-providing-maritime-medical-assistance
#11
Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: A review of activities of Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (International Radio Medical Centre, CIRM) from its foundation in 1935 until its 80th anniversary in 2015 was accomplished. CIRM was founded in 1935 to provide medical assistance via radio to ships with no doctor on board and other distant patients who cannot be reached by a doctor. In 1950 CIRM was established as a non-profit-making foundation and has benefited since 1957 from an annual contribution from the Italian government...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009389/fitness-to-work-a-comparison-of-european-guidelines-in-the-offshore-wind-industry
#12
Alexandra Marita Preisser, Rosalie Victoria McDonough, Volker Harth
Occupational medicine must be able to meet the challenges of rapidly changing technologies and innovations, including the implementation of health and safety standards for physically and psychologically demanding work environments. One such challenge is presented by the offshore wind industry. Here, the demand for "Fitness to Work" regulations for potential employees is justified. An appropriate evaluation has to consider the two aspects "fit for task" and "fit for location and conditions". Guidelines for the fitness testing of offshore employees have been created by various national organisations...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986471/retrospective-clinical-study-of-maxillary-sagittal-fractures-predictors-of-postoperative-outcome
#13
Krishna Prasad Regmi, JunBo Tu, SuMeng Ge, ChengQun Hou, XiaoYi Hu, ShiXian Li, JingTing Du
PURPOSE: Because of less attention to the sagittal component of maxillary fractures, these fractures are often misdiagnosed and the reduction leading to maxillary transverse discrepancies is missed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with good or adverse postoperative outcomes of maxillary sagittal fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a single-center retrospective cohort study. The sample was composed of cases of maxillary sagittal fractures treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Trauma Unit of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Xi'an, China) from January 2008 through December 2013...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983612/health-profile-of-construction-workers-in-hong-kong
#14
Wen Yi, Albert Chan
Construction is a manual, heavy, and complex sector concerning the most fatal accidents and high incidence of occupational illnesses and injuries resulting in days away from work. In Hong Kong, "Pilot Medical Examination Scheme for Construction Workers" was launched in 2014 to detect the health problems of their construction workforce. All registered workers under the Construction Workers Registration Board are eligible to join the scheme. The purpose of this paper is to assess the physical condition, physiological status, and musculoskeletal disorders of 942 construction workers in Hong Kong...
December 13, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976667/icoh-international-code-of-ethics-for-occupational-health-professionals-historical-fortune-and-future-perspectives-in-italy
#15
Carlo Petyx, Giovanni Costa, Maurizio Manno, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
The Working Group responsible for the Italian translation of the third edition of the International Code of Ethics, appointed by the President of the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), Dr. Jukka Takala, completed last April the revision work. The final text, already available on the ICOH website, has been printed and distributed by the Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work (INAIL) at the 79th National Congress of the Italian Society of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene (SIMLII), in Rome...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929927/multiple-dimensions-of-work-related-risk-factors-and-their-relationship-to-work-ability-among-industrial-workers-in-iran
#16
Hamidreza Mokarami, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi, Ali Asgari, Alireza Choobineh, Lorann Stallones
AIMS: The present study was designed to investigate the simultaneous effects of physical, psychosocial and other work-related risk factors on the work ability index (WAI) score among industrial workers. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a questionnaire survey. 280 workers were included in the study. Data were collected using three questionnaires including the Persian version of WAI (P-WAI), the Persian version of job content questionnaire (P-JCQ) and an author-developed measure (to assess work-related factors, health-related factors and socio-demographic characteristics)...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925116/truck-drivers-traffic-accidents-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-prevalence-and-predictors
#17
Lucio Garcia de Oliveira, Carlos Vinícius Dias de Almeida, Lucia Pereira Barroso, Marcela Julio Cesar Gouvea, Daniel Romero Muñoz, Vilma Leyton
Abstract The mortality rate of traffic accidents (TA) is high in Brazil. Trucks are the second category of motor vehicles most often involved in TA. However, few studies have addressed the issue of TA among these professionals. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of TA and their predictors in a sample of 684 truck drivers recruited in the state of São Paulo during 2012 and 2013. We requested participants to answer a research instrument on their personal and occupational data and their involvement in TA and traffic violations...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924685/occupational-risk-assessment-in-the-construction-industry-in-iran
#18
Hamid Reza Seifi Azad Mard, Ali Estiri, Parinaz Hadadi, Mahshid Seifi Azad Mard
Occupational accidents in the construction industry are more common compared to other fields and these accidents are more severe compared to the global average in developing countries especially in Iran. Therefore studies which lead to the source of these accidents and suggest solutions for them are valuable. In this study a combination of the failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) method and fuzzy theory is used as semi qualitative-quantitative method for analyzing risks and failure modes. The main causes of occupational accidents in this field were identified and analyzed based on three factors; severity, detection and occurrence...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921017/factors-impacting-mortality-in-the-pre-hospital-period-after-road-traffic-accidents-in-urban-india
#19
Ananthnarayan Chandrasekharan, Aditya J Nanavati, Sandhya Prabhakar, Subramaniam Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: India currently has the dubious distinction of experiencing the highest number of road traffic accidents in the world. OBJECTIVES: We believe that this study on road traffic accidents may help to identify factors in the pre-hospital setting that may influence mortality rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in a metro area in India over a period of one year. The study included consecutive patients admitted to the trauma service after road traffic accidents...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906856/radiation-exposure-and-lung-disease-in-today-s-nuclear-world
#20
Steven D Deas, Nikhil Huprikar, Andrew Skabelund
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ionizing radiation poses important health risks. The per capita annual dose rate has increased in the United States and there is increasing concern for the risks posed by low-dose occupational exposure among workers in nuclear industries and healthcare. Recent nuclear accidents and concern for terrorism have heightened concern for catastrophic, high-dose ionizing radiation exposure. This review will highlight recent research into the risks to lung health posed by ionizing radiation exposure and into potential treatments...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
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