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occupational accidents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645274/buccal-mucosa-micronuclei-counts-in-relation-to-exposure-to-low-dose-rate-radiation-from-the-chornobyl-nuclear-accident-and-other-medical-and-occupational-radiation-exposures
#1
D Bazyka, S C Finch, I M Ilienko, O Lyaskivska, I Dyagil, N Trotsiuk, N Gudzenko, V V Chumak, K M Walsh, J Wiemels, M P Little, L B Zablotska
BACKGROUND: Ionizing radiation is a well-known carcinogen. Chromosome aberrations, and in particular micronuclei represent an early biological predictor of cancer risk. There are well-documented associations of micronuclei with ionizing radiation dose in some radiation-exposed groups, although not all. That associations are not seen in all radiation-exposed groups may be because cells with micronuclei will not generally pass through mitosis, so that radiation-induced micronuclei decay, generally within a few years after exposure...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645215/upper-extremity-trauma-resulting-from-agricultural-accidents-mechanism-and-severity-for-patients-with-and-without-upper-extremity-injury
#2
Louis C Grandizio, Benjamin Wagner, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
BACKGROUND: Farming remains the most dangerous occupation in the United States and upper extremity (UE) injuries occur frequently in agricultural accidents. The purpose of this study is to describe the injury mechanisms, severity, and health care costs of UE injuries resulting from agricultural accidents and to compare patients with and without injuries to the UE. METHODS: We performed a 6-year retrospective review of our level I trauma center registry from January 2006 to May 2013, identifying all patients injured in an agricultural accident...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641683/a-review-of-general-aviation-safety-1984-2017
#3
Douglas D Boyd
General aviation includes all civilian aviation apart from operations involving paid passenger transport. Unfortunately, this category of aviation holds a lackluster safety record, accounting for 94% of civil aviation fatalities. In 2014, of 1143 general aviation accidents, 20% were fatal compared with 0 of 29 airline mishaps in the United States. Herein, research findings over the past 30 yr will be reviewed. Accident risk factors (e.g., adverse weather, geographical region, post-impact fire, gender differences) will be discussed...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626796/determining-underground-mining-work-postures-using-motion-capture-and-digital-human-modeling
#4
Timothy J Lutz, Joseph P DuCarme, Adam K Smith, Dean Ambrose
According to Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data, during 2008-2012 in the U.S., there were, on average, 65 lost-time accidents per year during routine mining and maintenance activities involving remote-controlled continuous mining machines (CMMs). To address this problem, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is currently investigating the implementation and integration of existing and emerging technologies in underground mines to provide automated, intelligent proximity detection (iPD) devices on CMMs...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#5
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614932/-a-group-of-occupational-acute-methyl-bromide-poisoning-incident
#6
W J Wang, X X Li, X D Jian, Y Z Wu, K Wang, J E Jia, Z C Zhang
Objective: To investigate a mass of occupational acute methyl bromide poisoning incident and analyzed their clinical data. Methods: To investigate an incident a mass of occupational acute methyl bromide poisoning in occurred in Shandong province in November 2016, and the clinical datas of 3 cases of severe patients with methyl bromide poisoning were analysed. Results: This event was a sudden occupational poisoning incident. Lack of vocational training and irregularities is the main reason for the accident 3 patients with nervous system, respiratory system, circulatory system, urinary system damage is given priority to, after comprehensive rescue treatment, 2 cases died and 1 case survived...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598772/implementation-of-a-novel-taxonomy-based-on-cognitive-work-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-safety-performance
#7
Toivo Niskanen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine how the developed taxonomy of cognitive work analysis (CWA) can be applied in combination with statistical analysis regarding different socio-technical categories. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study applied a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Workers (n=120) and managers (n=85) in the chemical industry were asked in a questionnaire how different OSH measures were being implemented. The exploration of the qualitative CWA taxonomy consisted of an analysis of the following topics: (1) Work domain; (2) Control task; (3) Strategies; (4) Social organization and cooperation; and (5) Worker competencies...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597664/-addictive-substances-in-fatal-cases-of-fall-jump-from-height
#8
Martin Zdarílek, Peter Očko, Ján Šikuta, Ľuboš Nižnanský, Jozef Šidlo
The aim of the study is to analyse causes of fatal cases of falls from height focusing on the occurrence of addictive substances. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of cases dealing with falls/jumps autopsied at the Institutes of Forensic Medicine in Bratislava in the years 2005-2014 accounting for a catchment area with approximately 1.2 m population. Selection criteria were met in 360 cases, i.e. approximately 4 % of all cases autopsied. There were 68 % of men and 32 % of women involved. The age interval ranged from 10 up to 93 years (mean age 50 years)...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593074/safety-and-health-perceptions-in-work-related-transport-activities-in-ghanaian-industries
#9
Charles Atombo, Chaozhong Wu, Emmanuel O Tettehfio, Godwin Y Nyamuame, Aaron A Agbo
BACKGROUND: With the recent rapid industrialization, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become an important issue in all industrial and human activities. However, incidents of injuries and fatality rates in the Ghanaian industry sector continue to increase. Despite this increase, there is no evidence regarding the element of OSH management in transport activities in Ghanaian industries. Thus, this study aims to examine the perceptions regarding the importance of safety and health in work-related transport activities in Ghanaian industries...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582987/a-review-of-patients-presenting-to-accident-and-emergency-department-with-deliberate-self-harm-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Josephat O Ani, Andrew J Ross, Laura M Campbell
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has described deliberate self-harm (DSH) as a major global health challenge. Little is known about the profile of patients admitted following DSH at district and regional combo hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the profiles of patients and reasons for admission following DSH. SETTING: The study was conducted on data from a busy Accident and Emergency (A&E) department in a combination district and regional hospital situated in Empangeni in northern KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566861/needlestick-and-sharp-instruments-injuries-among-brazilian-dentistry-students
#11
Liege Helena Freitas Fernandes, Wanúbia Barbosa Nunes, Larissa Costa Silva, Rayssa Lucena Wanderley, Criseuda Maria Benício Barros, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of occupational accidents is common among students and dentists. The present study is aimed to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of needlestick and sharp instrument injuries among dentistry students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A documentary research was carried out with data being obtained from the analysis of 137 medical records of injuries caused by needlestick and sharp instruments occurring in the period from 2012 to 2016 and were analyzed regarding the characteristics of the victim (gender and age) and the accident (year, time, environment, and time interval between exposure and search for care)...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558110/safety-leadership-at-construction-sites-the-importance-of-rule-oriented-and-participative-leadership
#12
Martin Grill, Anders Pousette, Kent Nielsen, Regine Grytnes, Marianne Törner
Objectives The construction industry accounted for >20% of all fatal occupational accidents in Europe in 2014. Leadership is an essential antecedent to occupational safety. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of transformational, active transactional, rule-oriented, participative, and laissez-faire leadership on safety climate, safety behavior, and accidents in the Swedish and Danish construction industry. Sweden and Denmark are similar countries but have a large difference in occupational accidents rates...
May 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549239/comparing-recall-vs-recognition-measures-of-accident-under-reporting-a-two-country-examination
#13
Tahira M Probst, Laura Petitta, Claudio Barbaranelli
A growing body of research suggests that national injury surveillance data significantly underestimate the true number of non-fatal occupational injuries due to employee under-reporting of workplace accidents. Given the importance of accurately measuring such under-reporting, the purpose of the current research was to examine the psychometric properties of two different techniques used to operationalize accident under-reporting, one using a free recall methodology and the other a recognition-based approach...
May 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545498/feasibility-of-a-systematic-comprehensive-one-to-one-training-scoot-program-for-new-scooter-users-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
W Ben Mortenson, Sharon Jang, Charlie H Goldsmith, Laura Hurd Clarke, Sandra Hobson, Richelle Emery
BACKGROUND: Mobility scooters can facilitate community participation among individuals with mobility limitations. However, accidents are a serious concern with scooter use. Scooter training has been recommended to improve safety, but there are currently few validated programs available. Therefore, we developed a Systematic, Comprehensive, One-to-One Training (SCOOT) program for scooter users. We will conduct a study to evaluate the outcomes produced by the provision SCOOT. METHODS: This feasibility study will use a mixed-methods, rater-blinded, randomized control trial, with a two-step wedge design...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539144/cirrus-airframe-parachute-system-and-odds-of-a-fatal-accident-in-cirrus-aircraft-crashes
#15
Mustafa Alaziz, Adrienne Stolfi, Dean M Olson
INTRODUCTION: General aviation (GA) accidents have continued to demonstrate high fatality rates. Recently, ballistic parachute recovery systems (BPRS) have been introduced as a safety feature in some GA aircraft. This study evaluates the effectiveness and associated factors of the Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) at reducing the odds of a fatal accident in Cirrus aircraft crashes. METHODS: Publicly available Cirrus aircraft crash reports were obtained from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) database for the period of January 1, 2001-December 31, 2016...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#16
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510466/empirical-bayesian-geographical-mapping-of-occupational-accidents-among-iranian-workers
#17
Nasim Vahabi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Somnath Datta
BACKGROUND: Work-related accidents are believed to be a serious preventable cause of mortality and disability worldwide. This study aimed to provide Bayesian geographical maps of occupational injury rates among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization. METHODS: The participants included all insured workers in the Iranian Social Security Organization database in 2012. One of the applications of the Bayesian approach called the Poisson-Gamma model was applied to estimate the relative risk of occupational accidents...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484526/spinal-injury-resulting-from-car-accident-focus-to-prevention
#18
Esmaeil Fakharian, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh, Hamid Reza Saberi, Mohammad Reza Fazel, Mohsen Rejali, Hossein Akbari, Azadeh Sadat Mirzadeh, Javad Mohammadzadeh
AIM: To determine and compare the patterns of spinal injury in car occupants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study enrolling all patients with spinal fracture after car accidents, who were admitted to hospital more than 24 h during 2004-2009. RESULTS: The lumbosacral spine was the most commonly involved region (64.8). Six patients had spinal cord injury (6.6%). The majority of the victims were drivers of the vehicle (86...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472554/efficacy-of-intravenous-cobinamide-versus-hydroxocobalamin-or-saline-for-treatment-of-severe-hydrogen-sulfide-toxicity-in-a-swine-sus-scrofa-model
#19
Vikhyat S Bebarta, Normalynn Garrett, Matthew Brenner, Sari Mahon, Joseph K Maddry, Susan Boudreau, Maria Castaneda, Gerard Boss
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a potentially deadly gas that naturally occurs in petroleum and natural gas. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration cites H2S as a leading cause of workplace gas inhalation deaths. Mass casualties of H2S toxicity may be caused by exposure from industrial accidents or release from oil field sites. H2S is also an attractive terrorism tool because of its high toxicity and ease with which it can be produced. Several potential antidotes have been proposed for hydrogen sulfide poisoning but none have been completely successful...
May 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458962/team-approach-helps-patient-survive-high-voltage-electric-burn
#20
Noha Saied, Ahmed Harfoush, Tamer Ayed, Alaa Moustafa, Rania Hassan, Ezz Eldolify, Hany Abdelaziz
A 20-year-old man was subjected to high-voltage electric burn, which was occupational. The patient was admitted to AlGalaa Military Medical Complex almost 2 weeks after the accident had happened. According to Lund and Browder's chart, the patient had a 40% total body surface area burn involving the upper limbs, anterior and posterior trunks, and the left thigh (third- and fourth-degree burns). The aim of this study was to stabilize the patient by conducting lifesaving operations in multiple scheduled sessions, bilateral below-elbow amputations, escharotomies, and excision of affected ribs and cartilages...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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