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occupational accidents

Puneet Misra, Anindo Majumdar, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Background and Aims: There is paucity of data regarding some of the lesser known contextual and epidemiological factors with respect to road traffic injuries (RTIs). The objective was to study the epidemiological profile of RTI victims attending an emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center. Methods: The present study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center in New Delhi. All patients of RTI attending the emergency department during the designated data collection days were included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Muhammad H Romli, Maw P Tan, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Shahrul B Kamaruzzaman, Lindy Clemson
AIM: Previous studies have investigated home hazards as a risk factor for falls without considering factors associated with the presence of home hazards. The present study aimed to determine patterns of home hazards among urban community-dwelling older Malaysians, and to identify factors contributing to home hazards. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the initial wave of the Malaysian Elders Longitudinal Research study were used. Basic demographics were obtained from the Global Questionnaire...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Alicia McDougall, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
An estimated 313 million workplace accidents resulting in injury occur worldwide every year. Therefore, the burden of workplace injury and disability is present at the individual and the societal level and involves several stakeholders. There has been a shift in paradigm from workplace disability and injury treatment to workplace disability prevention. Occupational therapy practitioners are well positioned to address this multifaceted societal issue. Opening communication lines among stakeholders allows for a more holistic, collaborative, and comprehensive approach to disability, injury, and pain management...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
E Khashaba, M El-Helaly, A H El-Gilany, S M Motawei, S Foda
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is a serious problem, because it affects both workers and young people. Prevalence and consequences of cannabis abuse among construction workers in particular are not well studied in Egypt. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between non-fatal occupational injuries among construction workers and their demographic and occupational factors and to assess the frequency of cannabis abuse and its relationship to injury severity and workdays lost...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Hasan Ekmekcioglu, Meral Unur
Despite numerous technological and medical developments achieved in recent years, a significant amount of occupational health problems still exist in modern dentistry. The risk of eye injury is mostly attributed to the use of high-speed hand pieces and ultrasonic devices. A dental clinic may be the source of eye-related infection and injury because of mechanical, chemical, microbiological and electromagnetic irritants. Accidents may cause facial injuries that involve eyes of the clinicians, patients as well as dental assistants...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
Jinyong Kim, Sang Do Shin, Seungmin Jeong, Gil Joon Suh, Young Ho Kwak
BACKGROUND: Paraquat is associated with a high rate of fatalities in acute poisoning. This study aimed to examine the association between the national public health policy that banned the use of paraquat and the incidence of pesticide-associated mortality. METHODS: All external causes of death from 2009 to 2013 of Korea were analyzed. The intervention was a national public health policy that annulled the authorized use (2011) and banned the purchase of paraquat (2012)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
Xi-Hua Liu, Juan Huai, Jie Gao, Yang Zhang, Shou-Wei Yue
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of constraint-induced movement therapy in acute and sub-acute stroke. DATA SOURCES: The key words were stroke, cerebrovascular accident, constraint-induced therapy, forced use, and randomized controlled trial. The databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang, Weipu Information Resources System, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, PubMed, Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, were searched for studies on randomized controlled trials for treating acute or sub-acute stroke published before March 2016...
September 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
Z C Zhang, J L Liu, X D Jian, K Wang
Objective: To investigate an accident of occupational acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning, and to analyze related clinical data. Methods: An investigation was performed for an accident of occupational acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning in a place in Shandong, China, in July 2016, and related clinical data were summarized. Results: This was a typical accident of occupational acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning, and a lack of occupational protection and illegal operation were the major causes of this accident. Of all five patients, four experienced coma, toxic encephalopathy, and respiratory failure and were cured at last, and one had cortical syndrome after long-term treatment and died of pulmonary infection seven months later...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Błażej Łyszczarz, Ewelina Nojszewska
OBJECTIVES: Occupational accidents constitute a substantial health and economic burden for societies around the world and a variety of factors determine the frequency of accidents at work. The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the economic situation and the rate of occupational accidents in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis comprised data for 66 Polish sub-regions taken from the Central Statistical Office's Local Data Bank. The regression analysis with panel data for period 2002-2014 was applied to identify the relationships involved...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Marcelo José Monteiro Ferreira, Romênia Kelly Soares de Lima, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, José Gomes Bezerra, Luciano Pamplona de Góes Cavalcanti
This article examines the factors associated with the notification of occupational accidents by sentinel workers' health centers in the municipality of Fortaleza in the northeast of Brazil. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted of five sentinel workers' health centers for serious and fatal occupational accidents. A total of 354 interviews were conducted with professionals responsible for notifying occupational accidents. Bivariate analysis was conducted using Pearson's chi-square test and/or Fisher's exact test using prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals, followed by stratified analysis and multivariate Poisson regression adopting the stepwise forward method...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Dorothee Fischer, David A Lombardi, Simon Folkard, Joanna Willetts, David C Christiani
Fatigue is a major risk factor for occupational 'accidents' and injuries, and involves dimensions of physical, mental, and muscular fatigue. These dimensions are largely influenced by temporal aspects of work schedules. The "Risk Index" combines four fatigue-related components of work schedules to estimate occupational 'accident' and injury risk based on empirical trends: shift type (morning, afternoon/evening, night), length and consecutive number, and on-shift rest breaks. Since its first introduction in 2004, several additional studies have been published that allow the opportunity to improve the internal and external validity of the "Risk Index"...
October 24, 2017: Chronobiology International
Enrique Molina, Daniel Sanabria, Tzyy-Ping Jung, Ángel Correa
Attention lapses and fatigue are a main source of impaired performance that can lead to accidents. This study analyzed electroencephalographic (EEG) dynamics and body skin temperature as markers of attentional fluctuations in non-sleep deprived subjects during a 45min Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT). Independent Component Analysis and time-frequency analysis were used to evaluate the EEG data. Results showed a positive association between distal and distal-to-proximal gradient (DPG) temperatures and reaction time (RT); increments in EEG power in alpha-, theta- and beta-band frequencies in parieto-occipital, central-medial and frontal components, were associated with poor performance (slower RT) in the task...
October 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Desre M Kramer, D Linn Holness, Emily Haynes, Keith McMillan, Colin Berriault, Sheila Kalenge, Nancy Lightfoot
BACKGROUND: Miners work in highly hazardous environments, but surprisingly, there are more fatalities from occupational diseases, including cancers, than from fatalities from injuries. Over the last few decades, the mining environment has become safer with fewer injuries and less exposure to the toxins that lead to occupational disease. There have been improvements in working conditions, and a reduction in the number of workers exposed, together with an overall improvement in the health of miners...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Hanan Berahou, Zineb Serhier, Samy Housbane, Khaoula Ajbal, Mohamed Bennani Othmani
Occupational exposure to blood (OEB) is associated with a significant risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses to medical students. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and practices of Casablanca medical students concerning OEB preventive measures and their behaviour after accidental exposure. A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Ibn Rochd University Hospital in Casablanca using stratified cluster sampling ; data from this study were collected by means of an anonymous self-administered questionnaire...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
José Gustavo Parreira, Giovanna Zucchini Rondini, Cristiano Below, Giuliana Olivi Tanaka, Julia Nunes Pelluchi, Jacqueline Arantes-Perlingeiro, Silvia Cristine Soldá, José César Assef
OBJECTIVE: to study the correlation of trauma mechanism with frequency and severity of injuries in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: retrospective analysis of trauma registry in a 15-month period was carried out. Trauma mechanism was classified into six types: occupants of four-wheeled vehicles involved in road traffic accidents (AUTO), pedestrians struck by road vehicles (PED), motorcyclists involved in road traffic accidents (MOTO), falls from height (FALL), physical assault with blunt instruments (ASSA) and falls on same level (FSL)...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Phayong Thepaksorn, Supawan Thongjerm, Salee Incharoen, Wattasit Siriwong, Kouji Harada, Akio Koizumi
OBJECTIVE: We utilized job safety analysis (JSA) and hazard identification for work accident prevention in Para rubber wood sawmills, which aimed to investigate occupational health risk exposures and assess the health hazards at sawmills in the Trang Province, located in southern Thailand. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study which included a walk-through survey, JSA, occupational risk assessment, and environmental samplings from March through September 2015 at four Para rubber wood sawmills...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Ioannis Evangelidis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fatal traffic accidents affect thousands of people in the US alone every year. Alcohol consumption has been identified as a strong predictor of traffic fatalities. This result is hardly surprising as drivers who decide to consume alcohol and then drive are more likely to exhibit poor driving performance. In this paper, I argue that alcohol consumption can lead to traffic fatalities by increasing restraint omission. METHODS: I analyzed individual-level data about victims (n=488,829) of fatal traffic accidents that occurred in the US between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 2015 from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System of the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration...
September 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Fernanda Moura D'Almeida Miranda, Elaine Drehmer de Almeida Cruz, Jorge Cestari Vinícius Félix, Luciana Puchalski Kalinke, Maria de Fátima Mantovani, Leila Maria Mansano Sarquis
Objective: To characterize the Brazilian workers victims of occupational accidents with biological fluids. Method: Epidemiological and descriptive research, in which 284,877 notifications of the Notifiable Diseases Information System were analyzed between 2007 and 2014. We used Stata 13 for data analysis. Results: The highest incidence density occurred in females with 0.8 cases per 1,000 workers/year (n = 222,042, 77.9%); in the age group of 20 to 24 years old, with 0...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Elaheh Ainy, Hamid Soori, Mojtaba Ganjali, Ayad Bahadorimonfared
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A significant social and economic burden inflicts by road traffic injuries (RTIs). We aimed to use Bayesian model, to present the precise method, and to estimate the cost of RTIs in Iran in 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study on costs resulting from traffic injuries, 846 people per road user were randomly selected and investigated during 3 months (1(st) September-1(st) December) in 2013. The research questionnaire was prepared based on the standard for willingness to pay (WTP) method considering perceived risks, especially in Iran...
July 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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