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occupational accidents

F Bonnaire, M Goepel, P Bula
The requirements of the German statutory accident insurance (DGUV) for the new treatment procedure were presented on 1 January 2013 in a new catalogue. The implementation of the certification of hospitals for the very severe injury procedure (SAV) by the DGUV should have been completed by 2014. These requirements placed high demands on trauma-oriented hospitals because of the high structural and personnel prerequisites. The background to the new organization was the wish of the DGUV for quality improvement in patient treatment in hospitals for patients with very severe occupational and occupation-related trauma by placement in qualified centers with high case numbers...
October 17, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Natália Martinez Fernandes, Isadora Gonçalves Pelissari, Licia Assunção Cogo, Valdete Alves Valentins Dos Santos Filha
Introduction The manipulation of antineoplastic drugs presents high risk for accidents and occupational diseases. Objective To evaluate the auditory and vestibular systems of workers who are exposed to chemotherapeutic treatment in the University Hospital of Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil, and to identify the use of individual protection equipment, related to the obtained results. Methods This study is a cross-sectional study using a quantitative method. We evaluate 33 male and female workers, ranging from 21-60 years old, of the nursing and pharmacy sectors...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
P Kalbe
The reform of occupational insurance medical treatment in 2011 also resulted in many changes for occupational insurance consultants in private practice. The transformation of the physicians participating in treatment status (H-Arzt) to accident insurance consultant status (D-Arzt) has resulted in a significant increase in numbers in outpatient fields, which in some cases leads to increased competition. The tentative flexibilization of the conditions for participation of a D‑Arzt is welcomed but must be broadened to safeguard the future...
October 14, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Tsukimi Tsukada, Hisataka Sakakibara
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine effective assessment methods of falls in the workplace. METHODS: There were 436 employees (305 males and 131 females) of electrical appliance manufacturers included in this study. In 2014, a baseline survey was conducted using the fall scores questionnaire and the self-check risk assessment of falls and other accidents in the workplace (physical function measurement and questionnaire). In 2015, the occurrence of falls in the past year was investigated...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Inoka K Suraweera, Supun D Wijesinghe, Sameera J Senanayaka, Hemantha D B Herath, T B Ananda Jayalal
BACKGROUND: Work-related diseases and occupational accidents affect a significant number of workers globally. The majority of these diseases and accidents are reported from developing countries; and a large percentage of the workforce in developing countries is estimated to be employed in small-scale industries. Sri Lanka is no exception. These workers are exposed to occupational hazards and are at a great risk of developing work- related diseases and injuries. OBJECTIVE: To identify occupational health issues faced by small-scale industry workers in Sri Lanka...
September 28, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Agnese Martini, Michela Bonafede, Giuliana Buresti, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Giorgio Di Leone, Lucia Isolani, Luca Corso, Sergio Iavicoli
BACKGROUND: Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Services, with inspections and support activities to workers and to enterprises, have a relevant role in the field of safety and health in the workplace. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study, part of the INSuLa Project, is to realize a national survey about risk perception of OSH and awareness about OSH issues in the context of the Italian OSH legislative framework (Legislative Decree 81/08 and subsequent modifications and integrations) implementation, with involvement of the OSH Services operators...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Elpida Frantzeskou, Olaf Chresten Jensen, Athena Linos
BACKGROUND: Fishing is an extremely dangerous occupational activity that predisposes to occupational diseases and accidents. Greece, with about 16,000 km of coastline and its unique morphological characteristics with small islands and peninsulas, represents a strong proof of its great tradition in the fisheries sector since ancient times. The aim of the study was to examine the health status and the health risk factors present in Greek fishery workers, by exploring their working environment, thus providing a current baseline for documentation of the needs for prevention and health promotion...
2016: International Maritime Health
A Bauer
The incidence of epithelial skin neoplasms, such as squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma is significantly increasing worldwide. Leisure time solar UV exposure is causative in the overwhelming majority of cases in the general population; however, occupational exposure is responsible for a certain percentage of cases. Employees with a relevant exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soot, raw paraffin, coal tar, anthracene, pitch or similar substances, to sunlight in outdoor occupations as well as to arsenic and ionizing radiation have a significantly increased risk to develop occupational skin cancer compared to the general population...
September 28, 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Carole Pelissier, Luc Fontana, Emmanuel Fort, Barbara Charbotel, Martine Hours
OBJECTIVE: To identify socio-occupational and medical factors associated with non-return to work 3 years after severe road-accident injury. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: ESPARR is a prospective 5-year cohort of 1168 road-accident victims, aged over 16 years, in the Rhône administrative Département of France. 141 (63.5%) of the 222 subjects with severe injury (maximal abbreviated Injury Scale>=3) in work at the time of the accident reported whether they had returned to work during the 3 years following the accident...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Marika Pilou, Celina Vaquero-Moralejo, María Jaén, Jesús Lopez De Ipiña Peña, Panagiotis Neofytou, Christos Housiadas
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) and its potential health impacts are of scientific and practical interest, as previous epidemiological studies associate exposure to nanoparticles with health effects, including increased morbidity of the respiratory and the circulatory system. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the occupational exposure and effective internal doses in a real production facility of TiO2 MNMs during hypothetical scenarios of accidental release...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Metin Bayram, Mustafa C Ünğan, Kadir Ardıç
Little is known about the costs of safety. A literature review conducted for this study indicates there is a lack of survey-based research dealing with the effects of occupational health and safety (OHS) prevention costs. To close this gap in the literature, this study investigates the interwoven relationships between OHS prevention costs, employee satisfaction, OHS performance and accident costs. Data were collected from 159 OHS management system 18001-certified firms operating in Turkey and analyzed through structural equation modeling...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Antonio López-Arquillos, Juan Carlos Rubio-Romero
BACKGROUND: To analyze the effects of the factors associated with different types of injury (superficial wounds, dislocations and sprains, bone fractures, concussion and internal injuries, burns scalding and freezing) caused by occupational accidents in automotive repair workshops. METHODS: Study of a sample consisting of 89,954 industry accidents reported from 2003 to 2008. Odds ratios were calculated with a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Belonging to a small company is a risk factor for suffering three of the five types of injury studied...
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
Kwan Hyung Yi, Seung Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to identify high-risk groups for industrial accidents by setting up 2003 as the base year and conducting an in-depth analysis of the trends of major industrial accident indexes the index of industrial accident rate, the index of occupational injury rate, the index of occupational illness and disease rate per 10,000 people, and the index of occupational injury fatality rate per 10,000 people for the past 10 years. METHODS: This study selected industrial accident victims, who died or received more than 4 days of medical care benefits, due to occupational accidents and diseases occurring at workplaces, subject to the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act, as the study population...
September 2016: Safety and Health At Work
Mustafa Alparslan Babayigit, Mustafa Necmi Ilhan, Fahrettin Guven Oysul
This study aimed to investigate the awareness and practices of military medical students concerning occupational health and safety. In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire composed of 20 open- and closed-ended questions was administered to medical students of the Gulhane Military Medical Faculty (n = 754). The response rate of the questionnaire was 82.4% (n = 622/754). The mean age of the participants was 21.5 ± 1.84 years, and the majority of participants were male (94.1%). A substantial number of participants (41...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Tolga Eser, Cemil Kavalci, Cem Aydogan, Afsin Emre Kayipmaz
BACKGROUND: Burn injury is an emergency medical condition that rapidly develops as a result of tissue exposure to electrical, chemical or thermal energy. Therefore, its treatment usually begins at the emergency department. In this study we aimed to perform an epidemiological analysis of burn injuries presenting to the emergency department of a tertiary burn center, and factors affecting the cost of their medical care. METHODS: Patients who presented to Baskent University Ankara Hospital Adult Emergency Department with burn injuries between January 2012 and December 2014 were studied for age, sex, time of admission, type of burn injury, clinical prognosis, mortality rate, percent burn area, and total cost of care...
2016: SpringerPlus
Siddharudha Shivalli, H Sowmyashree
INTRODUCTION: Occupational exposure to infection is an important public health concern. Such accidents are associated with a few, but pose significant risk to worker's health, family and the community. OBJECTIVE: 1) To assess the knowledge and attitude of waste handlers regarding healthcare waste management in tertiary care hospital of Mangalore. 2) To assess the occupational risk of exposure to infection in their work setting. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among healthcare waste handlers (involved in collection, storage and safe disposal) in a tertiary care hospital of Mangalore, India...
November 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Alper Kurt, Kamil Yıldırım, Çağlayan Yağmur, Osman Kelahmetoğlu, Ozan Aslan, Murat Gümüş, Ethem Güneren
BACKGROUND: Electrical burns are the third most common cause of burn injuries, after scald and flame burns. In spite of decreasing mortality rates as advancements are made in treatment modalities and medical equipment, significant complications and socioeconomic consequences still accompany electrical burns. Analyzed in the present study were data from patients hospitalized for electrical burns between 2008 and 2012 in the Samsun Training and Research Hospital, the only burn care center in the Black Sea region of Turkey...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Anne Graupner, Dag M Eide, Christine Instanes, Jill M Andersen, Dag A Brede, Stephen D Dertinger, Ole C Lind, Anicke Brandt-Kjelsen, Hans Bjerke, Brit Salbu, Deborah Oughton, Gunnar Brunborg, Ann K Olsen
Even today, 70 years after Hiroshima and accidents like in Chernobyl and Fukushima, we still have limited knowledge about the health effects of low dose rate (LDR) radiation. Despite their human relevance after occupational and accidental exposure, only few animal studies on the genotoxic effects of chronic LDR radiation have been performed. Selenium (Se) is involved in oxidative stress defence, protecting DNA and other biomolecules from reactive oxygen species (ROS). It is hypothesised that Se deficiency, as it occurs in several parts of the world, may aggravate harmful effects of ROS-inducing stressors such as ionising radiation...
2016: Scientific Reports
F Auriault, L Thollon, J Pérès, M Behr
This study documents the development of adverse fetal outcome predictors dedicated to the analysis of road accidents involving pregnant women. To do so, a pre-existing whole body finite element model representative of a 50th percentile 26 weeks pregnant woman was used. A total of 8 accident scenarios were simulated with the model positioned on a sled. Each of these scenarios was associated to a risk of adverse fetal outcome based on results from real car crash investigations involving pregnant women from the literature...
September 2, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Khosro Sadeghniiat-Haghighi, Zohreh Yazdi, Amir-Mohammad Kazemifar
PURPOSE: Iran has a high rate of road traffic accidents. Poor quality of sleep brings about loss of attention, which is an important cause of road traffic accidents particularly in monotonous roads. The causes of poor quality of sleep in occupational drivers are multifactorial. The objective of the present study was to assess the prevalence of poor sleep quality among occupational drivers with rotating work schedules and analyze its different risk factors. METHODS: 2200 professional long-haul truck drivers who had been referred to the Occupational Health Clinic for routine education course were invited...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
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