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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906856/radiation-exposure-and-lung-disease-in-today-s-nuclear-world
#1
Steven D Deas, Nikhil Huprikar, Andrew Skabelund
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ionizing radiation poses important health risks. The per capita annual dose rate has increased in the United States and there is increasing concern for the risks posed by low-dose occupational exposure among workers in nuclear industries and healthcare. Recent nuclear accidents and concern for terrorism have heightened concern for catastrophic, high-dose ionizing radiation exposure. This review will highlight recent research into the risks to lung health posed by ionizing radiation exposure and into potential treatments...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904646/hepatitis-c-among-healthcare-personnel-secondary-data-analyses-of-costs-and-trends-for-hepatitis-c-infections-with-occupational-causes
#2
Claudia Westermann, Madeleine Dulon, Dana Wendeler, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C infection is a global public health issue. Chronic hepatitis C infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the costs for occupationally-cased hepatitis C infections based on data from an accident insurance carrier. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis based on the Database of a German Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance. The analysis is based on a sample of insured parties whose hepatitis C infections were recorded as occupational diseases between 1996 and 2013...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901411/injury-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-mining-smelting-and-refining-workers-in-ontario
#3
Colin J Berriault, Nancy E Lightfoot, Steven K Seilkop, Bruce R Conard
Injury mortality was followed up from 1950 to 2000 in a cohort of 56,576 nickel workers. Injury fatalities were elevated throughout the cohort of never sinter plant workers (SMR = 134, 95% CI: 129-140). Elevations were also observed in injury mortality sub-categories of road, rail, and air (SMR = 137, 95% CI: 127-147); boating and swimming (SMR = 150, 95% CI: 128-176); suicide and possible suicide (SMR = 124, 95% CI: 114-135); and possibly job-related accidents (SMR = 160, 95% CI: 145-175). The results were largely attributed to underground miners with 61...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893288/analyzing-injury-severity-of-bus-passengers-with-different-movements
#4
Duo Li, Yifei Zhao, Qiang Bai, Bei Zhou, Hongbiao Ling
OBJECTIVE: Though public transport vehicles are rarely involved in mass casualty accidents, when they are, the number of injuries and fatalities is usually high because of large passenger capacity. Of the few studies that have been conducted on bus safety, the majority focused on vehicle safety features, road environmental factors, as well as driver characteristics. Nevertheless, few studies have attempted to investigate the underlying risk factors related to bus occupants. This paper presents an investigation aimed at identifying the risk factors affecting injury severity of bus passengers with different movements...
November 28, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888371/protective-effect-of-the-sulfated-agaran-isolated-from-the-red-seaweed-laurencia-aldingensis-against-toxic-effects-of-the-venom-of-the-snake-lachesis-muta
#5
Ana Cláudia Rodrigues da Silva, Luciana Garcia Ferreira, Maria Eugênia Rabello Duarte, Mutue Toyota Fujii, Eladio Flores Sanchez, Miguel Daniel Noseda, André Lopes Fuly
Snakebite is a serious occupational hazard affecting mainly rural populations of tropical and subtropical developing countries. Lachesis muta (Bushmaster) bites are extremely serious but are rarely reported in the literature. Bushmaster envenomings are characterized by intense local pain, edema, neurotoxicity, hypotension, local hemorrhage, and dramatic systemic alterations. Antivenom treatment has regularly been used for more than a century; however, it fails to neutralize local tissue damage and hemorrhage, leading to morbidity or disabilities in victims...
November 25, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885246/the-association-between-subjective-socioeconomic-status-and-health-inequity-in-victims-of-occupational-accidents-in-korea
#6
Hongdeok Seok, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jaehoon Roh, Jihyun Kim, Yeong-Kwang Kim, Wanhyung Lee, Jeongbae Rhie, Jong-Uk Won
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the health inequity of victims of occupational accidents through the association between socioeconomic status and unmet healthcare need. METHODS: Data from the first and second Panel Study of Workers' Compensation Insurance were used, which included 1,803 participants. The odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals for the unmet healthcare needs of participants with a lower socioeconomic status and other socioeconomic statuses were investigated using multivariate regression analysis...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869654/the-safety-attitudes-of-senior-managers-in-the-chinese-coal-industry
#7
Jiangshi Zhang, Na Chen, Gui Fu, Mingwei Yan, Young-Chan Kim
Introduction: Senior managers' attitudes towards safety are very important regarding the safety practices in an organization. The study is to describe the current situation of senior managers' attitudes towards safety in the Chinese coal industry. Method: We evaluated the changing trends as well as the reasons for these changes in the Chinese coal industry in 2009 and in 2014 with 168 senior manager samples from large Chinese state-owned coal enterprises. Evaluations of 15 safety concepts were performed by means of a questionnaire...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869249/a-case-crossover-study-of-sleep-fatigue-and-other-transient-exposures-at-workplace-and-the-risk-of-non-fatal-occupational-injuries-among-the-employees-of-an-italian-academic-hospital
#8
Francesca Valent, Marika Mariuz, Giulia Liva, Fabrizio Bellomo, Daniela De Corti, Stefania Degan, Alberto Ferrazzano, Silvio Brusaferro
OBJECTIVES: Transient exposure with acute effect has been shown to affect the risk of occupational injuries in various industrial settings and at the healthcare workplace. The objective of this study has been to identify transient exposures related to occupational injury risk in an Italian teaching hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-crossover study was conducted among the employees of the University Hospital of Udine who reported an occupational injury, commuting accident, or incident involving biological risk in a 15-month period in the years 2013 and 2014...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861681/use-of-capture-recapture-method-to-improve-the-notification-of-fatal-occupational-injuries-records-in-belo-horizonte-city-minas-gerais-state-brazil-2011
#9
Polyanna Helena Coelho Bordoni, Leonardo Santos Bordoni, Jussara de Medeiros Silva, Eliane de Freitas Drumond
OBJECTIVE: to measure underreporting of typical fatal occupational injuries (FOI) on the Mortality Information System (SIM) in Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2011. METHODS: the capture-recapture method was used to assess all FOI recorded among city residents and/or occurring in the city, using probabilistic linkage of three data sources: SIM, the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) and the Belo Horizonte Forensic Medicine Institute Autopsy Database...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859545/targeted-violence-against-law-enforcement-officers
#10
Ronald Schouten, Douglas V Brennan
As highly visible representatives and guardians of society, law enforcement officers (LEOs) are very public figures. Injury or death in the line of duty, whether due to accidents or intentional acts of violence, is an occupational hazard for LEOs. Targeted assaults on police officers, referred to as ambushes in previous literature, are a particularly perplexing problem with significant implications for society at large. In the summer of 2016, the latest in a series of high-profile acts of violence aimed at police occurred, leading to increased examination of the acts themselves and their causes...
September 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849276/modification-of-knowledge-on-occupational-accidents-among-schoolchildren-who-resided-in-a-landfill-impacted-area
#11
Rosangela Maiara Vindoura Gomes, Volney de Magalhães Câmara, Delma Perpétua Oliveira de Souza
Introduction: The prevalence of occupational accidents is very high in Brazil, having impacts on the health system and social security. This requires prevention, which must start with students of the Basic Education. Objectives: The knowledge on this kind of accidents among children and adolescents studying in an area near a sanitary landfill was evaluated, before and after the development of activities on health education. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 and included the application of the same questionnaire among students from a school in Cuiabá-MT, Brazil, before and after educational health activities related to the definition of occupational accidents...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831598/prison-nursing-and-its-training
#12
M Sánchez-Roig, A Coll-Cámara
The main task of nurses is to take care of sick and healthy people and evaluate changes in their health conditions. The goal is to take the appropriate measures to help their recovery or guarantee a dignified death, and if possible, help them regain autonomy and independence. Nursing is present in different areas: primary health, mental health, accident and emergencies, intensive and coronary care, surgical care, paediatrics, geriatrics, public health, occupational health, teaching, etc. In our case, prison nursing, one of the least known branches of the profession, we wanted to investigate more deeply the work of nurses in prisons, which aspect of health care they are responsible for and to what type of population they are geared towards, as well as the necessary training to be able to work in such a particular environment...
December 2016: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822340/stem-progenitor-cells-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-new-insights-for-clinical-applications
#13
REVIEW
Miruna Mihaela Micheu, Ana-Maria Rosca, Oana-Claudia Deleanu
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a widespread disorder, characterized by recurrent upper airway obstruction during sleep, mostly as a result of complete or partial pharyngeal obstruction. Due to the occurrence of frequent and regular hypoxic events, patients with OSAS are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, metabolic disorders, occupational errors, motor vehicle accidents and even death. Thus, OSAS has severe consequences and represents a significant economic burden. However, some of the consequences, as well as their costs can be reduced with appropriate detection and treatment...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818963/prevalence-of-addiction-and-smoking-and-their-relationship-with-blood-parameters-among-drivers-in-zahedan
#14
Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Hossein Ansari, Mahdi Mohammadi, Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei, Mohammadreza Pishevare-Mofrad, Mahmodreza Miri-Bonjar
BACKGROUND: Although smoking and drug use are the major causes of accidents and death of drivers, few studies have been conducted on the prevalence of smoking and its associated factors in this occupational group. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence of smoking and its relationship with blood parameters among drivers in Zahedan city, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 1836 inner and intercity drivers were investigated in 2013 in terms of smoking and drug use and blood parameters...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815725/work-environment-and-safety-climate-in-the-swedish-merchant-fleet
#15
Karl Forsell, Helena Eriksson, Bengt Järvholm, Monica Lundh, Eva Andersson, Ralph Nilsson
PURPOSE: To get knowledge of the work environment for seafarers sailing under the Swedish flag, in terms of safety climate, ergonomical, chemical and psychosocial exposures, and the seafarers self-rated health and work ability. METHODS: A Web-based questionnaire was sent to all seafarers with a personal e-mail address in the Swedish Maritime Registry (N = 5608). Comparisons were made mainly within the study population, using Student's t test, prevalence odds ratios and logistic regressions with 95% confidence intervals...
November 4, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806545/occupational-exposure-to-positive-blood-and-body-fluids-among-health-care-workers-in-a-chinese-university-hospital-a-three-years-retrospective-study
#16
Xiubin Tao, Hui Peng, Lihua Qian, Yan Li, Qun Wu, Jingjing Ruan, Dongzhen Cai
Health care workers (HCWs) are exposed to blood and body fluids (BBF) due to occupational accidents. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence of occupational exposure in Chinese HCWs thus far. There is a clearly a critical need to characterize its epidemiology more fully in China so that effective prevention programs can be implemented. We conducted a retrospective study at a university hospital in China, giving an epidemiological analysis on these exposed HCWs whose pathogens of BBF from patients were positive [human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) / hepatitis B (HBV) / hepatitis C (HCV)]...
August 11, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806473/relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-occupational-accidents-in-south-east-of-iran-zahedan
#17
Fereydoon Laal, Mohammad Jafari Modrek, Davoud Balarak, Mahdi Mohammadi, Mahdieh Rakhshani, Narges Rigi
With the development of science and technology, occupational accidents, as one of the most important problems in the world, result in negative effects on physical and psychological health, and also the quality of life of workers. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life among workers with and without accident. In a cross-sectional study, 93 workers were selected, 31 who experienced accident and 62 as control group. To gather the data, a researcher-made questionnaire for demographic characteristics and the quality of life questionnaire (SF-36) were used...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801852/wheelchair-navigation-system-for-disabled-and-elderly-people
#18
Eun Yi Kim
An intelligent wheelchair (IW) system is developed in order to support safe mobility for disabled or elderly people with various impairments. The proposed IW offers two main functions: obstacle detection and avoidance, and situation recognition. First, through a combination of a vision sensor and eight ultrasonic ones, it detects diverse obstacles and produces occupancy grid maps (OGMs) that describe environmental information, including the positions and sizes of obstacles, which is then given to the learning-based algorithm...
October 28, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800465/modeling-of-individual-and-organizational-factors-affecting-traumatic-occupational-injuries-based-on-the-structural-equation-modeling-a-case-study-in-large-construction-industries
#19
Iraj Mohammadfam, Ahmad Soltanzadeh, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Mehdi Akbarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Individual and organizational factors are the factors influencing traumatic occupational injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was the short path analysis of the severity of occupational injuries based on individual and organizational factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional analytical study was implemented on traumatic occupational injuries within a ten-year timeframe in 13 large Iranian construction industries...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792027/ergonomics-in-the-arctic-a-study-and-checklist-for-heavy-machinery-in-open-pit-mining
#20
Arto Reiman, Erja Sormunen, Drew Morris
BACKGROUND: Heavy mining vehicle operators at arctic mines have a high risk of discomfort, musculoskeletal disorders and occupational accidents. There is a need for tailored approaches and safety management tools that take into account the specific characteristics of arctic work environments. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a holistic evaluation tool for heavy mining vehicles and operator well-being in arctic mine environments. METHODS: Data collection was based on design science principles and included literature review, expert observations and participatory ergonomic sessions...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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