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occupational accidents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549239/comparing-recall-vs-recognition-measures-of-accident-under-reporting-a-two-country-examination
#1
Tahira M Probst, Laura Petitta, Claudio Barbaranelli
A growing body of research suggests that national injury surveillance data significantly underestimate the true number of non-fatal occupational injuries due to employee under-reporting of workplace accidents. Given the importance of accurately measuring such under-reporting, the purpose of the current research was to examine the psychometric properties of two different techniques used to operationalize accident under-reporting, one using a free recall methodology and the other a recognition-based approach...
May 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545498/feasibility-of-a-systematic-comprehensive-one-to-one-training-scoot-program-for-new-scooter-users-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#2
W Ben Mortenson, Sharon Jang, Charlie H Goldsmith, Laura Hurd Clarke, Sandra Hobson, Richelle Emery
BACKGROUND: Mobility scooters can facilitate community participation among individuals with mobility limitations. However, accidents are a serious concern with scooter use. Scooter training has been recommended to improve safety, but there are currently few validated programs available. Therefore, we developed a Systematic, Comprehensive, One-to-One Training (SCOOT) program for scooter users. We will conduct a study to evaluate the outcomes produced by the provision SCOOT. METHODS: This feasibility study will use a mixed-methods, rater-blinded, randomized control trial, with a two-step wedge design...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539144/cirrus-airframe-parachute-system-and-odds-of-a-fatal-accident-in-cirrus-aircraft-crashes
#3
Mustafa Alaziz, Adrienne Stolfi, Dean M Olson
INTRODUCTION: General aviation (GA) accidents have continued to demonstrate high fatality rates. Recently, ballistic parachute recovery systems (BPRS) have been introduced as a safety feature in some GA aircraft. This study evaluates the effectiveness and associated factors of the Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) at reducing the odds of a fatal accident in Cirrus aircraft crashes. METHODS: Publicly available Cirrus aircraft crash reports were obtained from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) database for the period of January 1, 2001-December 31, 2016...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#4
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510466/empirical-bayesian-geographical-mapping-of-occupational-accidents-among-iranian-workers
#5
Nasim Vahabi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Somnath Datta
BACKGROUND: Work-related accidents are believed to be a serious preventable cause of mortality and disability worldwide. This study aimed to provide Bayesian geographical maps of occupational injury rates among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization. METHODS: The participants included all insured workers in the Iranian Social Security Organization database in 2012. One of the applications of the Bayesian approach called the Poisson-Gamma model was applied to estimate the relative risk of occupational accidents...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484526/spinal-injury-resulting-from-car-accident-focus-to-prevention
#6
Esmaeil Fakharian, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh, Hamid Reza Saberi, Mohammad Reza Fazel, Mohsen Rejali, Hossein Akbari, Azadeh Sadat Mirzadeh, Javad Mohammadzadeh
AIM: To determine and compare the patterns of spinal injury in car occupants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study enrolling all patients with spinal fracture after car accidents, who were admitted to hospital more than 24 h during 2004-2009. RESULTS: The lumbosacral spine was the most commonly involved region (64.8). Six patients had spinal cord injury (6.6%). The majority of the victims were drivers of the vehicle (86...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472554/efficacy-of-intravenous-cobinamide-versus-hydroxocobalamin-or-saline-for-treatment-of-severe-hydrogen-sulfide-toxicity-in-a-swine-sus-scrofa-model
#7
Vikhyat S Bebarta, Normalynn Garrett, Matthew Brenner, Sari Mahon, Joseph K Maddry, Susan Boudreau, Maria Castaneda, Gerard Boss
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a potentially deadly gas that naturally occurs in petroleum and natural gas. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration cites H2S as a leading cause of workplace gas inhalation deaths. Mass casualties of H2S toxicity may be caused by exposure from industrial accidents or release from oil field sites. H2S is also an attractive terrorism tool because of its high toxicity and ease with which it can be produced. Several potential antidotes have been proposed for hydrogen sulfide poisoning but none have been completely successful...
May 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458962/team-approach-helps-patient-survive-high-voltage-electric-burn
#8
Noha Saied, Ahmed Harfoush, Tamer Ayed, Alaa Moustafa, Rania Hassan, Ezz Eldolify, Hany Abdelaziz
A 20-year-old man was subjected to high-voltage electric burn, which was occupational. The patient was admitted to AlGalaa Military Medical Complex almost 2 weeks after the accident had happened. According to Lund and Browder's chart, the patient had a 40% total body surface area burn involving the upper limbs, anterior and posterior trunks, and the left thigh (third- and fourth-degree burns). The aim of this study was to stabilize the patient by conducting lifesaving operations in multiple scheduled sessions, bilateral below-elbow amputations, escharotomies, and excision of affected ribs and cartilages...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453399/monitoring-of-co-in-residences-with-bulk-wood-pellet-storage-in-the-northeast
#9
Alan Rossner, Carolyn E Jordan, Cameron Wake, Lydia Soto-Garcia
The interest in biomass fuel is continuing to expand globally and in the Northeastern US as wood pellets are becoming a primary source of fuel for residential and small commercial systems. Wood pellets for boilers are often stored in basement storage rooms or large bag type containers. Due to the enclosed nature of these storage areas, the atmosphere may exhibit increased levels of carbon monoxide. Serious accidents in Europe have been reported over the last decade in which high concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) have been found in or near bulk pellet storage containers...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441437/quantitative-modeling-of-responses-to-chronic-ionizing-radiation-exposure-using-targeted-and-non-targeted-effects
#10
Igor Shuryak
The biological effects of chronic ionizing radiation exposure can be difficult to study, but important to understand in order to protect the health of occupationally-exposed persons and victims of radiological accidents or malicious events. They include targeted effects (TE) caused by ionizations within/close to nuclear DNA, and non-targeted effects (NTE) caused by damage to other cell structures and/or activation of stress-signaling pathways in distant cells. Data on radiation damage in animal populations exposed over multiple generations to wide ranges of dose rates after the Chernobyl nuclear-power-plant accident are very useful for enhancing our understanding of these processes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436865/video-anomaly-detection-with-compact-feature-sets-for-online-performance
#11
Roberto Leyva, Victor Sanchez, Chang-Tsun Li
Over the past decade, video anomaly detection has been explored with remarkable results. However, research on methodologies suitable for online performance is still very limited. In this paper, we present an online framework for video anomaly detection. The key aspect of our framework is a compact set of highly descriptive features, which is extracted from a novel cell structure that helps to define support regions in a coarse-to-fine fashion. Based on the scene's activity, only a limited number of support regions are processed, thus limiting the size of the feature set...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435824/a-qualitative-study-on-organizational-factors-affecting-occupational-accidents
#12
Davood Eskandari, Mohammad Javad Jafari, Yadollah Mehrabi, Mostafa Pouya Kian, Hossein Charkhand, Mostafa Mirghotbi
BACKGROUND: Technical, human, operational and organizational factors have been influencing the sequence of occupational accidents. Among them, organizational factors play a major role in causing occupational accidents. The aim of this research was to understand the Iranian safety experts' experiences and perception of organizational factors. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in 2015 by using the content analysis technique. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 17 safety experts working in Iranian universities and industries and analyzed with a conventional qualitative content analysis method using the MAXQDA software...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425956/acceptable-risk-analysis-for-abrupt-environmental-pollution-accidents-in-zhangjiakou-city-china
#13
Xi Du, Zhijiao Zhang, Lei Dong, Jing Liu, Alistair G L Borthwick, Renzhi Liu
Abrupt environmental pollution accidents cause considerable damage worldwide to the ecological environment, human health, and property. The concept of acceptable risk aims to answer whether or not a given environmental pollution risk exceeds a societally determined criterion. This paper presents a case study on acceptable environmental pollution risk conducted through a questionnaire survey carried out between August and October 2014 in five representative districts and two counties of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, China...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420655/syncope-and-its-impact-on-occupational-accidents-and-employment-a-danish-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Anna-Karin Numé, Kristian Kragholm, Nicolas Carlson, Søren L Kristensen, Henrik Bøggild, Mark A Hlatky, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar Gislason, Martin H Ruwald
BACKGROUND: First-time syncopal episodes usually occur in adults of working age, but their impact on occupational safety and employment remains unknown. We examined the associations of syncope with occupational accidents and termination of employment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through linkage of Danish population-based registers, we included all residents 18 to 64 years from 2008 to 2012. Among 3 410 148 eligible individuals, 21 729 with a first-time diagnosis of syncope were identified, with a median age 48...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#15
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417840/emergency-highway-landings-in-general-aviation-and-the-possible-role-of-media-reports
#16
Emily Holzman, Alex de Voogt
BACKGROUND: To examine the causes and factors of airplane landings on highways and the dangers to occupants of vehicles on the ground. METHODS: The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board online database provided 133 accidents involving a highway landing dating from 2000 to 2013. Supplemental information was sought in online media archives, which reported on 53 of these accidents. Collisions with highway-related objects, other options for landing, and witness accounts were added categories extracted from the narrative statements and media reports...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416008/a-guide-to-acquired-vitamin-k-coagulophathy-diagnosis-and-treatment-the-russian-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Valery V Wojciechowski, Daniela Calina, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Alexander V Pivnik, Alexander A Sergievich, Vladimir V Kodintsev, Ekaterina A Filatova, Eren Ozcagli, Anca Oana Docea, Andreea Letitia Arsene, Eliza Gofita, Christina Tsitsimpikou, Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Kirill S Golokhvast
Physicians often come across with cases of vitamin K antagonists-dependent coagulopathy for reasons such as accidental use of the vitamin K antagonists (VKA), excessive administration of prescribed anticoagulants of indirect action or not reported administration of vitamin K antagonists due to memory impairment and/or other mental disorders, even deliberate use thereof (attempt to murder or suicide). Rodenticide-poisoning (coumarins, warfarins) via food or occupational accidents are difficult to diagnose. This article discusses different types of acquired vitamin K-dependent coagulopathy...
April 17, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413170/selecting-strategies-to-reduce-high-risk-unsafe-work-behaviors-using-the-safety-behavior-sampling-technique-and-bayesian-network-analysis
#18
Fakhradin Ghasemi, Omid Kalatpour, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Iraj Mohammadfam
BACKGROUND: High-risk unsafe behaviors (HRUBs) have been known as the main cause of occupational accidents. Considering the financial and societal costs of accidents and the limitations of available resources, there is an urgent need for managing unsafe behaviors at workplaces. The aim of the present study was to find strategies for decreasing the rate of HRUBs using an integrated approach of safety behavior sampling technique and Bayesian networks analysis. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411725/effects-of-heat-stress-on-risk-perceptions-and-risk-taking
#19
Chu-Hsiang Chang, Thomas E Bernard, Jennifer Logan
Exposure to extreme heat at work is a serious occupational hazard, as exposure can result in heat-related illnesses, and it has been linked to increased risk of accidents and injuries. The current study aimed to examine whether heat exposure is related to changes in individuals' psychological process of risk evaluation, and whether acclimatization can mitigate the effect of heat exposure. A study with quasi-experiment research design was used to compare participants' risk perceptions and risk-taking behaviors at baseline, initial exposure to heat, and exposure after acclimatization across male participants who were exposed to heat (N = 6), and males (N = 5) and females (N = 6) who were in the control group who were exposed to ambient temperature...
July 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400149/different-sequelae-of-electrical-brain-injury-mri-patterns
#20
Lukas Grassner, Michael Bierschneider, Martin Strowitzki, Andreas Grillhösl
PURPOSE: Electrical injury to the central nervous system may lead to neurologic compromise via pleiotropic mechanisms. It may cause current-related, thermal or nonthermal damage followed by secondary mechanisms. METHODS: We herein report a case of a 20-year old man, who experienced a low-voltage electric injury due to an occupational accident. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) one week after the insult allowed differentiation of pathophysiologic features including thermal, nonthermal and hypoxic cerebral lesions...
April 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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