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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898967/systematic-review-lost-time-injuries-in-the-us-mining-industry
#1
B Nowrouzi-Kia, B Sharma, C Dignard, Z Kerekes, J Dumond, A Li, M Larivière
Background: The mining industry is associated with high levels of accidents, injuries and illnesses. Lost-time injuries are useful measures of health and safety in mines, and the effectiveness of its safety programmes. Aims: To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the US mining workforce and to examine predictors of these occupational injuries. Methods: Primary papers on lost-time injuries in the US mining sector were identified through a literature search in eight health, geology and mining databases, using a systematic review protocol tailored to each database...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890242/asphyxiation-death-caused-by-oxygen-depleting-cargo-on-a-ship
#2
Marjana Kjetland Sundal, Peer Kaare Lilleng, Hans Barane, Inge Morild, Merete Vevelstad
The extreme danger associated with entering enclosed spaces loaded with oxygen-depleting organic cargo in ships and tanks is obviously underestimated, both among crew and management. We present a case report to highlight this occupational hazard and to increase the knowledge about the imperative precautions, in order to prevent future accidents. An experienced customs officer was found lifeless at the bottom of the unattended cargo hold on a ship loaded with woodchips. The oxygen content in the cargo atmosphere was below 2%, which is incompatible with life...
September 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877309/a-finite-element-model-of-a-mid-size-male-for-simulating-pedestrian-accidents
#3
Costin D Untaroiu, Wansoo Pak, Yunzhu Meng, Jeremy M Schap, Bharath Koya, F Scott Gayzik
Pedestrians represent one of the most vulnerable road users and comprise nearly 22% the road crash related fatalities in the world. Therefore, protection of pedestrians in car-to-pedestrian collisions (CPC) has recently generated increased attention with regulations involving three subsystem tests. The development of a finite element (FE) pedestrian model could provide a complementary component that characterizes the whole-body response of vehicle-pedestrian interactions and assesses the pedestrian injuries...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876175/an-application-of-the-pareto-method-in-surveys-to-diagnose-the-managers-and-workers-perception-of-occupational-safety-and-health-on-selected-polish-construction-sites
#4
Jerzy Obolewicz, Andrzej Dąbrowski
The construction industry is an important sector of the economy in Poland. According to the National Labour Inspectorate (PIP) data of 2014, the number of victims of fatal accidents in the construction sector amounted to 80 as compared with 187 injured in all other sectors of economy in Poland. This paper presents the results of surveys on the impact of construction worker behaviour on the occupational safety and health outcomes. The surveys took into account the point of view of both construction site management (tactical level) and construction workers (operational level)...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861358/epidemiologic-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-open-globe-injury-in-shanghai
#5
Yong-Rong Ji, Dong-Qing Zhu, Hui-Fang Zhou, Xian-Qun Fan
AIM: To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of open globe injury in Shanghai. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for 148 unilateral open globe injury cases presenting to a tertiary referral hospital of Shanghai. Electronic medical records were reviewed and phone surveys were conducted to collect and analyze 1) background of patient; 2) setting of injury and clinical signs at presentation; 3) treatment procedure and outcome; 4) quality of life after injury...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857087/obstructive-sleep-apnea-risk-for-driving-license-applicants-in-india-a-community-based-study
#6
Abhishek Dubey, Darshan K Bajaj, Apurva Mishra, Balendra Pratap Singh, Vinay Gupta, Surya Kant, Swati Dixit
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) for male permanent driving license (DL) applicants of Lucknow, India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional community based, study body mass index, waist-hip ratio, blood pressure of each subject were determined as an anthropometric parameter along with the history of habit of smoking, tobacco chewing, alcohol consumption. STOP-Bang (Snoring, Tired or sleepy, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck, Gender) Questionnaire - a scoring risk assessment tool - was applied for assessment of OSA risk (high OSA risk defined by score ≥ 3) for 542 male DL recipients at 2 Regional Transport Office (RTO) centers in Lucknow, India...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855772/patterns-of-ocular-trauma-among-the-elderly-in-a-south-american-urban-area-and-the-association-between-eye-traumas-with-sleep-disorders
#7
Sergio Henrique N Moreira, Niro Kasahara
AIMS: Eye trauma in the older population can lead to blindness. Sleep deterioration is associated with increased risk of occupational injuries. The purpose of the study was to assess the epidemiology of ocular trauma in the elderly population and to evaluate the relationship between eye trauma and sleep quality. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, observational hospital based study done in a Sao Paulo, Brazil. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with ocular trauma aged 60 years who attended the Eye Trauma Service of the Santa Casa de Sao Paulo Central Hospital were included...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854982/knowledge-of-standard-precautions-and-barriers-to-compliance-among-healthcare-workers-in-the-lower-manya-krobo-district-ghana
#8
Sandra Enyonam Akagbo, Priscillia Nortey, Mercy M Ackumey
BACKGROUND: Implementing standard precautions (SP) has been a major challenge for health care workers (HCWs) especially those in developing countries thereby compromising their safety and increasing their exposure to blood-related pathogens. Compliance with safety precautions and occupational accidents among health workers are often unreported. The literature on knowledge and compliance to SP in Ghana is scanty. We report findings of a study that examined knowledge of SP, compliance and barriers to compliance with SP among HCWs in two health facilities in Ghana...
August 30, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853422/the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-implications-for-work-and-occupational-health
#9
Giovanni Costa
Commission Directive 2104/85/EU on driving licenses highlighted significant issues related to the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Due to the high incidence of this syndrome in the general population, it is important to precisely assess its impact on work and driving performance, in terms of employee and third-party safety, general health and related social costs (errors, accidents, absenteeism, presenteism, treatments). As occupational health physicians regularly check the workers in the age group in which the incidence of OSAS is higher, they are called upon to play a strategic role in the early detection of the disease and the prescription of an appropriate therapy, as well as in monitoring the treatment effectiveness in order to assess fitness to work and/or drive...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853421/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-occupational-health-and-other-medical-disciplines-facing-the-problem
#10
Giovanni Costa, Michele De Benedetto
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is one of the most common causes of excessive daytime sleepiness, therefore an important determinant of road and work accidents, as well as being associated with multiple chronic-degenerative diseases. The recent transposition of the European Commission Directive 2014/85/EU on driver licensing highlighted the need to tackle the problem appropriately, not only for its high prevalence in the general population, but also for its significant impact on occupational safety and health, and related social costs...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838026/-acute-care-rehabilitation-is-the-first-link-in-a-chain-of-rehabilitation-interventions
#11
Joachim Beyer, Egbert J Seidel
An early, intensive rehabilitative therapy accelerates the recovery of the functions of patients. It contributes to a reduction in the complication rate as well as an improvement in physical and social functioning/participation in the long-term follow-up. Early rehabilitation must be strengthened on the basis of the existing structures: the creation and maintenance of adequately qualified early-stage rehabilitation facilities, at least in hospitals with priority and maximum supply contracts. Patients with long-term intensive care and polytrauma must be rehabilitated as soon as possible (intensive medical rehabilitation)...
August 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834891/interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-a-patient-with-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-and-multimorbidity-a-case-report
#12
Robert D Vining, Donna M Gosselin, Jeb Thurmond, Kimberlee Case, Frederick R Bruch
RATIONALE: This report describes interdisciplinary rehabilitation for a 51-year-old male recovering from incomplete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) and multiple comorbidities following an automobile accident. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted to a rehabilitation specialty hospital approximately 2 months post SCI and 2 separate surgical fusion procedures (C3-C6). DIAGNOSES: Clinical presentation at the rehabilitation hospital included moderate to severe motor strength loss in both upper and lower extremities, a percutaneous endoscopic gastronomy tube (PEG), dysphagia, bowel/bladder incontinence, dependence on a mechanical lift and tilting wheelchair due to severe orthostatic hypotension, and pre-existing shoulder pain from bilateral joint degeneration...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832030/did-legal-regulations-change-the-reporting-frequency-of-sharp-injuries-of-medical-personnel-study-from-36-hospitals-in-%C3%A5-%C3%A3-d%C3%A5%C2%BA-province-poland
#13
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Mariusz Górajski, Franciszek Szatko
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study has been to analyze the epidemiological data on sharp injuries among health care workers before and after the implementation of regulations related to the conduct of the register of sharp injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We hypothesized that the introduction of legislation would change the existing low reportability of sharp injuries and reporting incidents would increase. In Poland the binding regulations, dating back to 2013, require the employer to keep a record of sharp injuries...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825613/identifying-key-performance-indicators-for-holistic-hospital-management-with-a-modified-dematel-approach
#14
Sheng-Li Si, Xiao-Yue You, Hu-Chen Liu, Jia Huang
Performance analysis is an important way for hospitals to achieve higher efficiency and effectiveness in providing services to their customers. The performance of the healthcare system can be measured by many indicators, but it is difficult to improve them simultaneously due to the limited resources. A feasible way is to identify the central and influential indicators to improve healthcare performance in a stepwise manner. In this paper, we propose a hybrid multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) approach to identify key performance indicators (KPIs) for holistic hospital management...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802435/gait-characteristics-in-women-s-safety-shoes
#15
Kanako Goto, Kaoru Abe
Although workers in Japan are required to wear safety footwear, there is concern about occupational accidents that occur when wearing safety shoes. This study aimed to analyze the effect of wearing hardsoled safety shoes on both spatiotemporal gait characteristics and the muscle activity in the lower extremities. Seventeen young women participated in this study. A 5-m gait trial and a surface electromyography trial were conducted while the women walked in either safety shoes or sports shoes. Paired t-tests were performed to analyze the differences in gait characteristics when walking in the two different pairs of shoes...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801739/-the-new-treatment-procedures-of-the-dguv-from-the-perspective-of-an-injury-type-procedure-vav-clinic
#16
REVIEW
M Oberst
The new treatment procedures of the German Statutory Accident Insurance (DGUV) have ramifications for the injury type procedure clinics (VAV) from medical, economic and structural aspects. Whereas the latter can be assessed as positive, the medical and economical aspects are perceived as being negative. Problems arise from the partially unclear formulation of the injury type catalogue, which results in unpleasant negotiations with the occupational insurance associations with respect to financial remuneration for services rendered...
August 11, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800352/workers-medication-as-occupational-risk-at-construction-site-with-formworks
#17
Antonio López-Arquillos, Juan Carlos Rubio-Romero, Concepción López-Arquillos
BACKGROUND: Accidents in the construction sector are a cause for concern. The influence of many different factors in construction accidents have been studied (age, company size, length of service, deviation, drugs or alcohol consumption, etc.) but the influence of medicinal substances in specific construction activities has not been evaluated until now. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the research presented here is to identify the effect of different medicinal substances on the occupational risk levels of construction activities with formworks...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796193/work-related-accidents-and-sharp-injuries-in-paramedics-illustrated-with-an-example-of-a-multi-specialist-hospital-located-in-central-poland
#18
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Franciszek Szatko, Magdalena Ulrichs
(1) Background: An analysis of work-related accidents in paramedics in Poland by presenting the model and trend of accidents, accident rates and by identifying causes and results of accidents; (2) Methods: A retrospective analysis of medical documentation regarding work-related accidents in a multi-specialist hospital, located in central Poland, in the period 2005-2015. The study group included paramedics who had an accident while being on duty; (3) Results: According to hospital records, 88 paramedics were involved in 390 accidents and 265 injuries caused by sharp instruments...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795938/occupational-health-and-safety-issues-in-the-informal-economic-segment-of-pakistan-a-survey-of-construction-sites
#19
Ishfaq Ahmed, Muhammad Zeeshan Shaukat, Ahmad Usman, Muhammad Musarrat Nawaz, Mian Sajid Nazir
This research covers the current status of occupational health and safety (OHS)-related practices in the informal construction segment of Pakistan. Data were collected, through interviews, from 316 construction sites employing 3577 workers. The results of the study reveal that both employers and workers lack knowledge of OHS laws/standards and no practices of this nature are enacted at these construction sites. Alarmingly, work-related accidents, whenever they happen, are not given due attention and there is no formal injury-report system...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#20
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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