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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342297/an-exact-goodness-of-fit-test-based-on-the-occupancy-problems-to-study-zero-inflation-and-zero-deflation-in-biological-dosimetry-data
#1
Amanda Fernández-Fontelo, Pedro Puig, Elizabeth A Ainsbury, Manuel Higueras
The goal in biological dosimetry is to estimate the dose of radiation that a suspected irradiated individual has received. For that, the analysis of aberrations (most commonly dicentric chromosome aberrations) in scored cells is performed and dose response calibration curves are built. In whole body irradiation (WBI) with X- and gamma-rays, the number of aberrations in samples is properly described by the Poisson distribution, although in partial body irradiation (PBI) the excess of zeros provided by the non-irradiated cells leads, for instance, to the Zero-Inflated Poisson distribution...
January 12, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342014/patterns-and-predictors-of-return-to-work-after-major-trauma-a-prospective-population-based-registry-study
#2
Alex Collie, Pamela M Simpson, Peter A Cameron, Shanthi Ameratunga, Jennie Ponsford, Ronan A Lyons, Sandra Braaf, Andrew Nunn, James E Harrison, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of engagement in work during the 4-year period after major traumatic injury, and to identify factors associated with those patterns. BACKGROUND: Employment is an important marker of functional recovery from injury. There are few population-based studies of long-term employment outcomes, and limited data on the patterns of return to work (RTW) after injury. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study using the Victorian State Trauma Registry...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323634/epidemiology-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-tianjin-china-an-18-year-retrospective-study-of-735-cases
#3
Hai-Liang Li, Hong Xu, Yu-Lin Li, Shi-Wei Sun, Wen-Ye Song, Qiang Wu, Jie Ai, Jing-Cheng Sun, Guang-Zhi Ning, Shi-Qing Feng
STUDY DESIGN: Hospital-based retrospective study Objectives: To evaluate the pathogenetic features of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) during 1999-2016 according to changed injury etiology with time, explore different characteristics of patients suffered a TSCI during 1999-2007 and 2008-2016 in Tianjin, China. SETTING: Tianjin Medical University General Hospital Methods: In this study, the medical records of TSCI patients were obtained from Tianjin Medical University General Hospital (TMUGH) from 1st January 1999 to 31th December 2016...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316764/-an-investigation-to-an-accident-of-occupational-trichloroethylene-explosion
#4
L J Yu, X D Jian, W J Wang, Y Z Wu, K Wang, J E Jia, Z C Zhang
Objective: To investigation to an accident of occupational trichloroethylene explosion and analyze the clinical datas. Methods: An investigation was carried out on the explosion of trichloroethylene in a place in shandong province in June 2016, and the clinical data of 4 patients with trichloroethylene poisoning were analyzed. Results: The incident is caused by irregularities in workers, 4 patients were characterized by different levels of the respiratory system, nervous system, liver, and skin lesions. Among them, respiratory system damage was more prominent, mainly manifested as chemical bronchitis and pneumonia, after positive rescue and treatment all recovered and discharged...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316760/-analysis-on-occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss-of-different-type-workers-in-underground-mining
#5
Q C Liu, C H Duo, Z Wang, K Yan, J Zhang, W Xiong, M Zhu
Objective: To investigate hearing loss status of blasters, drillers mechanics and so on in underground mining, and put forward suggestion diagnosis of occupational explosive deafness and occupational deafness. Methods: Underground excavation workers in a metal mine were recruited in this study, those with a history of ear disease and non-occupational deafness were all excluded. Finally, the features of pure tone audiometry of 459 noise-exposed workers were analyzed. Results: High-frequency hearing loss occurred on 351workers and the positive detection rate was 74...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287031/a-follow-up-study-on-return-to-work-in-the-year-after-reporting-an-occupational-injury-stratified-by-outcome-of-the-workers-compensation-system
#6
Marianne Rudbeck, Jens Peter Johansen, Øyvind Omland
OBJECTIVE: To compare return rates to work between different groups according to decision from the workers' compensation. METHOD: Register data on disability benefits were used to describe return rates to work in Kaplan-Meier curves and association with decision on compensation claims. Disability benefits were granted by the municipalities independently of any compensation claim if sick-listed. RESULTS: Claimants with ongoing claims were the group with the largest proportion remaining on disability benefits...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286502/social-safety-and-medical-maintenance-of-the-labour-pool-in-surveillance-areas-of-the-nuclear-power-plants
#7
V A Prylipko, Yu Yu Ozerova, O V Kotsubinskij, M M Morozova, O O Petrychenko, I V Bondarenko
OBJECTIVE: To study the contentment of population of NPP surveillance areas i.e. monitoring zones with specific components of quality of life, namely the social security, medical care, and socio economic compensation of risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sociological study of public opinion about the specific components of quality of life has been conducted in population of the NPP monitoring zone. A questionnaire with independent question blocks was developed. A non repeatable probabilistic selection was applied in population opinion poll...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286494/state-institution-%C3%A2-national-research-center-for-radiation-medicine-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine%C3%A2-research-activities-and-scientific-advance-in-2016
#8
D Bazyka, V Sushko, A Chumak, V Buzunov, V Talko, L Yanovych
Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2016 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report. The report presents the results of fundamental and applied research works of the study of radiation effects and health effects of the Chornobyl accident; fulfillment of tasks of «State social program for improving safety, occupational health and working environment in 2014-2018 years»...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276643/psychological-intervention-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-witnesses-of-a-fatal-industrial-accident-in-a-workers-health-center
#9
Dong-Mug Kang, Se-Yeong Kim, Yoon-Ji Kim, Jung-Ann Kim
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious problem not only among workers who experience industrial accidents but also among workers who witness such accidents. Early intervention is needed to prevent prolonged psychological problems. There has been no study conducted regarding the psychological problems of and interventions for bystander workers in Korea. This study introduces the experience of intervention on psychological problems at the Busan Workers' Health Center workers who witnessed their colleagues' death...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274150/occupational-group-educational-level-marital-status-and-deleterious-habits-among-individuals-with-maxillofacial-fractures-retrospective-study
#10
D-F-S Esses, F-W-G Costa, C-D-L Sa, P-G-B Silva, T-M-M Bezerra, F-S-R Carvalho, J-R de Medeiros, E-C-S Soares
BACKGROUND: To investigate the occupational profile, educational level, marital status and deleterious habits to the health of patients with maxillofacial fractures of a population of northeastern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients records admitted to the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Walter Cantidio University Hospital (Fortaleza, Brazil) who sustained maxillofacial fractures was conducted in the period between 2006 and 2015...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241229/back-to-the-future-occupational-diver-training-in-australia
#11
EDITORIAL
David Smart
The Australian Diver Accreditation Scheme (ADAS) had its genesis in the 1990s in response to a need to produce occupational divers who were trained to international standards with the necessary skills to safely undertake complex work in high-risk environments. Well-trained dive teams who are 'fit-for-purpose' can be regarded as the highest level of risk control in preventing accidents and workplace morbidity. Without such training, work site risks are not detected, with potentially disastrous consequences. In September 2017, the only civilian ADAS level 3 and 4 training facility in Australia, The Underwater Centre Tasmania (TUCT), closed its doors...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240045/pier-diego-siccardi-1880-1917-and-the-clinica-del-lavoro-in-the-trench-warfare
#12
Michele Augusto Riva, Michela Caramella, Massimo Turato, Giancarlo Cesana
BACKGROUND: The year 2017 marks the centenary of the death of the Italian scientist Pier Diego Siccardi (1880-1917), one of Luigi Devoto's assistants at the "Clinica del Lavoro" in Milan. OBJECTIVES: To commemorate Siccardi and to describe the activities of the physicians of the "Clinica del Lavoro" during World War I. METHODS: A comprehensive analysis was conducted on scientific papers written by Pier Diego Siccardi and by other physicians belonging to the Clinica del Lavoro, in the period 1915-1918...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226851/main-problems-and-suggested-solutions-for-improving-radiation-protection-in-medicine-in-ibero-american-countries-summary-of-an-international-conference-held-in-madrid-2016
#13
Eliseo Vano, Pablo Jimenez, Raul Ramirez, Javier Zarzuela, Ana Maria Larcher, Eduardo Gallego, Santiago Gonzalez, Maria Del Rosario Perez
During the International Conference on Radiation Protection in Medicine held in Bonn in 2012, several areas for improvement were identified, including specific actions related with justification, optimization, role of manufacturers, radiation protection education and training, strategic research, data collection on medical and occupational exposures, prevention of incidents and accidents, radiation safety culture, risk-benefit dialogue and implementation of the radiation safety standards. The outcomes of the Bonn Conference were summarized in the so-called 'Bonn Call for Action', identifying 10 priority actions to enhance RP in medicine...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225216/depressive-symptoms-and-risk-of-absence-among-workers-in-a-manufacturing-company-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#14
Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Yong Seok Heo, Hwan Cheol Kim
Depression is a leading cause of reduced work ability and absence due to sickness. The objective of this study was to investigate how depressive symptoms are prospectively associated with subsequent absence, whether caused by illness or accidents, among manufacturing workers. This prospective study was conducted on 2,349 male and female employees that underwent a regular health examination at a university hospital. Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale...
December 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215915/perspectives-on-the-relevance-of-the-circadian-time-structure-to-workplace-threshold-limit-values-and-employee-biological-monitoring
#15
Michael H Smolensky, Alain E Reinberg, Linda Sackett-Lundeen
The circadian time structure (CTS) and its disruption by rotating and nightshift schedules relative to work performance, accident risk, and health/wellbeing have long been areas of occupational medicine research. Yet, there has been little exploration of the relevance of the CTS to setting short-term, time-weighted, and ceiling threshold limit values (TLVs); conducting employee biological monitoring (BM); and establishing normative reference biological exposure indices (BEIs). Numerous publications during the past six decades document the CTS substantially affects the disposition - absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination - and effects of medications...
December 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213010/continuous-improvement-of-fitness-for-duty-management-programs-for-workers-engaging-in-stabilizing-and-decommissioning-work-at-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant
#16
Koji Mori, Seiichiro Tateishi, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Yuichi Kobayashi, Ko Hiraoka, Futoshi Kawashita, Takeshi Hayashi, Yoshifumi Kiyomoto, Masaki Kobashi, Kota Fukai, Hiroyuki Tahara, Ryuji Okazaki, Akira Ogami, Kazuyuki Igari, Katsunori Suzuki, Hiroshi Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Sakai
BACKGROUND: Numerous workers have participated in recovery efforts following the accident that occurred at the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake. These workers, belonging to various companies, have been engaged in various tasks since the accident. Given the hazards and stress involved in these tasks and the relatively long time required to transport sick or injured workers to medical institutions, it became necessary to quickly implement a more stringent management program for fitness for duty than in ordinary work environments...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204383/hand-arm-vibration-effects-on-performance-tactile-acuity-and-temperature-of-hand
#17
Farhad Forouharmajd, Mehrdad Yadegari, Masoumeh Ahmadvand, Farshad Forouharmajd, Siamak Pourabdian
Effects of vibration appear as mechanical and psychological disorders, including stress reactions, cognitive and movement disorders, problem in concentration and paying attention to the assigned duties. The common signs and symptoms of hand-arm vibration (HAV) in the fingers and hands may appear as pins and needles feeling, tingling, numbness, and also the loss of finger sensation and dexterity. Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench programming software designed for occupational vibrations measurement was used to calculate HAV acceleration...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201064/use-of-personal-protective-equipment-among-building-construction-workers-in-kampala-uganda
#18
Jonathan Izudi, Viola Ninsiima, John Bosco Alege
Background: 270 million workplace accidents occur annually. In Uganda, Kampala district has the highest workplace injury and fatality rates. However, information on personal protective equipment (PPE)-hand gloves, hardhats, overalls, safety boots, earplugs, safety harness with lanyard, and face shields-utilization among building construction workers remains scarce. We assessed PPE utilization and determinants among building construction workers in Kampala, Uganda. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 385 respondents...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187124/factors-affecting-unsafe-behavior-in-construction-projects-development-and-validation-of-a-new-questionnaire
#19
Hassan Asilian-Mahabadi, Yahya Khosravi, Narmin Hassanzadeh-Rangi, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Amir H Behzadan
INTRODUCTION: Occupational safety in general and construction safety in particular, is a complex phenomenon. This study was designed to develop a new valid measure to evaluate factors affecting unsafe behavior in the construction industry. METHODS: A new questionnaire was generated from a qualitative research according to the principles of the grounded theory. Key measurement properties (face validity, content validity, construct validity, reliability, and discriminative validity) were examined using qualitative and quantitative approaches...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184217/increased-sensibility-to-acute-acoustic-and-blast-trauma-among-patients-with-acoustic-neuroma
#20
Marzena Mielczarek, Jurek Olszewski
The article shows 2 cases of unusual presentation of acute acoustic trauma and blast injury due to occupational exposure. In the case of both patients the range of impaired frequencies in pure tone audiograms was atypical for this kind of causative factor. Both patients had symmetrical hearing before the accident (which was confirmed by provided results of hearing controls during their employment). A history of noise/blast exposure, the onset of symptoms directly after harmful exposure, symmetrical hearing before the trauma documented with audiograms, directed initial diagnosis towards acoustic/blast trauma, however, of atypical course...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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