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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782814/primary-assessment-of-the-patient-with-orbital-fractures-should-include-pupillary-response-and-visual-acuity-changes-to-detect-occult-major-ocular-injuries
#1
Jeffrey Chow, Krishnan Parthasarathi, Patrick Mehanna, Eline Whist
PURPOSE: Sight-threatening injuries associated with orbital fractures are of major concern to maxillofacial surgeons whom are often the first asked to assess these patients. Eliciting signs and symptoms that are predictive of these injuries would allow expedited ophthalmic consultation and appropriate management. We hypothesized that abnormal pupillary response is predictive of major ocular injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with facial fractures was instituted with review of all associated ophthalmic injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780078/work-related-injuries-and-fatalities-in-the-geotechnical-site-works
#2
Özge Akboğa Kale, Tuğba Eskişar
Geotechnical site works are comprehensive, and they constitute the first step of the construction process. This study performs data mining of geotechnical works and analyzes the database for the root causes of accidents. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was chosen for the 1984-2013 time frame with 247 cases. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed to discuss variables such as the end use of the work, project type and cost, soil type and condition, type and degree of injury, cause and type of accident, unsafe acts, and occupation and union status of the victim...
May 19, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770851/synovitis-of-the-knee-following-a-high-pressure-injection-injury-with-hydraulic-oil
#3
Paulo A Noronha, Ronaldo O Lomelino, Vanessa Dinoá, Edson Marchiori
High-pressure injection injuries occur when equipment capable of achieving high pressure injects its contents into the human body. These injuries are largely occupational and may present as small entrance wounds with very few symptoms. However, they represent a surgical emergency, often requiring amputation. They characteristically involve the upper extremities, but other regions of the body may be injured. We present the case of a 26-year-old man who sustained a high-pressure injection injury with hydraulic oil to the knee and a literature review of this type of accident...
May 17, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750922/legal-aspects-of-sleep-medicine-in-the-21-st-century
#4
REVIEW
Saiprakash B Venkateshiah, Romy Hoque, Nancy A Collop
Multiple manifestations of sleep disorders may interact with the law making it important to increase awareness of such interactions among clinicians. Patients with excessive sleepiness may have civil (and in some states criminal) liability if they fall asleep while driving and cause a motor vehicle accident. Employers may be held vicariously liable due to the actions of sleepy employees. Hence awareness of causes of excessive sleepiness such as sleep deprivation and OSA is increasing among trucking, railroad, and other safety sensitive occupations...
May 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744111/risk-factors-of-fatal-occupational-accidents-in-iran
#5
Hadi Asady, Mehdi Yaseri, Mostafa Hosseini, Morvarid Zarif-Yeganeh, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Mahin Haghshenas, Parisa Hajizadeh-Moghadam
Background: Occupational accidents are of most important consequences of globalization in developing countries. Therefore, investigating the causes of occupational accidents for improving the job situation and making operational policy is necessary. So the aim of this study was to investigate factors affecting the fatal occupational accidents and also calculate the years of life lost for dead workers. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on data related to the 6052 injured workers that was registered in the 2013 registry system of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740239/role-of-ct-scan-in-theranostic-and-management-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Daryoush Fatehi, Mohammad Ali Dayani, Ayoob Rostamzadeh
Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a condition with suffering of neural structures from acute trauma with short-term or permanent sensory and motor problems. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of TSCI in Tehran with emphasis on demographic characteristics of patients and to evaluate the effect of computed tomography (CT) in determining fracture type and severity grade of injury among TSCI patients. In a cross-sectional study, all TSCI and spinal fracture patients ( N  = 520) who referred to the main trauma center in Tehran, Iran, in 2013 and 2014 were selected...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#7
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733066/de-las-primeras-iniciativas-de-medicina-laboral-en-m%C3%A3-xico-el-hospital-de-mineros-de-real-del-monte
#8
José Luis Gómez, Carlos Agustín Rodríguez-Paz
A pesar de la legislación de Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) sobre derechos de seguridad social formulada en 1883 en Alemania donde se señala que es deber del Estado promover el bienestar de todos los miembros de la sociedad, particularmente de los más débiles y necesitados utilizando los medios con los que dispone, y las propuestas de leyes contra accidentes expedidas el 30 de abril de 1904 en el Estado de México, en el México del porfiriato no se consideró brindar atención médica formal a los trabajadores, salvo algunas empresas ferrocarrileras, no se construyeron hospitales para atender a pacientes con enfermedades laborales...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733040/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-risk-management-of-steam-boilers-among-workers-in-palm-oil-mills
#9
Faten Noor Suhaida Shawal, Ng Yee Guan, Dayana Hazwani Mohd Suadi Nata, Vivien How, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin
BACKGROUND: People who work with the steam boilers in palm oil mills are vulnerable to accidents, notably to explosions, whenever failures of any kind occur during their operation. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was conducted in palm oil mills to determine the knowledge, attitude, and perception (KAP) concerning the risk management of steam boilers among workers in palm oil mills. METHODS: A total of 50 workers who were working with steam boilers and/or involved in managing the operation of steam boilers with at least three years of working experience in the palm oil industry were purposively sampled...
May 3, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722612/human-errors-and-occupational-injuries-of-older-female-workers-in-the-residential-healthcare-facilities-for-the-elderly
#10
Jun Sik Kim, Byung Yong Jeong
The study aimed to describe the characteristics of occupational injuries of female workers in the residential healthcare facilities for the elderly, and analyze human errors as causes of accidents. From the national industrial accident compensation data, 506 female injuries were analyzed by age and occupation. The results showed that medical service worker was the most prevalent (54.1%), followed by social welfare worker (20.4%). Among injuries, 55.7% were <1 year of work experience, and 37.9% were ≥60 years old...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721626/-individual-prevention-of-occupational-contact-dermatitis-protective-gloves-and-skin-protection-recommendations-as-part-of-the-patient-management-scheme-by-the-public-statutory-employers-liability-insurance
#11
REVIEW
A Wilke, C Skudlik, F K Sonsmann
The dermatologist's procedure is a pivotal tool for early recognition of occupational contact dermatitis (OCD), for reporting OCD cases to the statutory accident insurance and for treating the diseases. The employer is in charge of implementing skin protection measures at the workplace. However, in terms of an individual prevention approach it may be necessary to propose targeted skin protection recommendations in specific patient cases. The patient's own skin protection behavior significantly contributes to regenerating and maintaining healthy skin...
May 2, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706172/effects-of-medication-assisted-treatment-mat-for-opioid-use-disorder-on-functional-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#12
Margaret A Maglione, Laura Raaen, Christine Chen, Gulrez Azhar, Nima Shahidinia, Mimi Shen, Ervant Maksabedian, Roberta M Shanman, Sydne Newberry, Susanne Hempel
This systematic review synthesizes evidence on the effects of Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) on functional outcomes, including cognitive (e.g., memory), physical (e.g., fatigue), occupational (e.g., return to work), social/behavioral (e.g., criminal activity), and neurological (e.g., balance) function. Five databases were searched from inception to July 2017 to identify English-language controlled trials, case control studies, and cohort comparisons of one or more groups; cross-sectional studies were excluded...
June 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704211/-occupational-skin-cancer-prevention-and-recommendations-for-uv-protection-as-part-of-the-treatment-approved-by-the-public-statutory-employers-liability-insurance
#13
REVIEW
M Rocholl, M Ludewig, C Skudlik, A Wilke
In Germany, approximately 2 to 3 million employees work in outdoor professions. They are exceptionally exposed to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation for a large part of their daily working time. Cumulative UV exposure is associated with a significantly increased risk of skin cancer for outdoor workers from various occupational groups (e. g. landscape and horticulture, agriculture and forestry, fisheries and seafaring, construction and trade, as well as sports teachers, lifeguards and mountain guides). Since 1 January 2015, squamous cell carcinoma and multiple actinic keratosis due to natural UV radiation can be recognised as occupational disease No...
April 27, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701715/research-on-occupational-safety-health-management-and-risk-control-technology-in-coal-mines
#14
Lu-Jie Zhou, Qing-Gui Cao, Kai Yu, Lin-Lin Wang, Hai-Bin Wang
This paper studies the occupational safety and health management methods as well as risk control technology associated with the coal mining industry, including daily management of occupational safety and health, identification and assessment of risks, early warning and dynamic monitoring of risks, etc.; also, a B/S mode software (Geting Coal Mine, Jining, Shandong, China), i.e., Coal Mine Occupational Safety and Health Management and Risk Control System, is developed to attain the aforementioned objectives, namely promoting the coal mine occupational safety and health management based on early warning and dynamic monitoring of risks...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701627/effectiveness-of-health-and-safety-at-work-services-psal-in-reducing-occupational-injuries-in-lombardy-region
#15
Nicole Ruggiero, Battista Magna, Nicoletta Cornaggia, Anna Maria Rosa, Orazio Ferrero, Massimiliano Mazzieri, Dario Consonni, Susanna Cantoni
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, Italy has seen a reduction in workplace accidents due to several factors, including the controls carried out by the Health and Safety at Work Services (PSAL) of the Local Health Units (ATS). OBJECTIVE: To verify the contribution of PSAL Services to injury reduction. In particular, to identify the existence of a difference between incidence rates of accidents in companies before and after inspections and possible variations in rates between inspected and non-inspected companies...
February 20, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679852/accident-analysis-to-support-the-development-of-strategies-for-the-prevention-of-brain-injuries-in-car-crashes
#16
Jacobo Antona-Makoshi, Koji Mikami, Mats Lindkvist, Johan Davidsson, Sylvia Schick
This study estimated the frequency and risk of Moderate-to-Maximal traumatic brain injuries sustained by occupants in motor vehicle crashes in the US. National Automotive Sampling System - Crashworthiness Data System crashes that occurred in years 2001-2015 with light vehicles produced 2001 or later were incorporated in the study. Crash type, crash severity, car model year, belt usage and occupant age and sex were controlled for in the analysis. The results showed that Moderate concussions account for 79% of all MAISbrain 2+ injuries...
April 18, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663865/proactive-prevention-in-occupational-safety-and-health-how-to-identify-tomorrow-s-prevention-priorities-and-preventive-measures
#17
Angelika Hauke, Eva Flaspöler, Dietmar Reinert
INTRODUCTION: Global trends such as digitalisation, globalisation and demographic change are changing workplaces, and accordingly occupational safety and health (OSH) needs. To better prepare for the future and to foster proactive prevention, the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV) established an OSH risk observatory (RO OSH). METHODS: The RO OSH relies on an online survey and calls upon the expertise of labour inspectors. 398 labour inspectors participated in the first RO OSH enquiry...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653319/analysis-of-fatal-accidents-with-tractors-in-the-centre-of-portugal-ten-years-analysis
#18
Soraia M Antunes, Cristina Cordeiro, Helena M Teixeira
Tractors have been described as one of the deadliest farming implements concerning agricultural activity. In Portugal, the scientific investigations about this problem are practically non-existent, with only statistical studies performed by entities related to road traffic safety, not in accordance to the study now performed, pinpointing the possibility of an underreporting of these accidents. This work aims to characterize the fatal tractor accidents in Portugal, autopsied at the Forensic Pathology Department of the Centre Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Portugal, analysing several variables: gender, age, occupation, survival time, the victim position in the tractor, cause of death, toxicological and histological exams, year/month/day of the week, type of agricultural machine, existence of rollover protective structures (ROPS), type of accident, ground conditions, circumstantial information and geographic distribution of the accidents...
April 6, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629333/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-toward-occupational-blood-exposure-accidents-at-the-end-of-the-dental-training-program
#19
Abdelhadi Hbibi, Jalal Kasouati, Reda Charof, Souad Chaouir, Karima El Harti
Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding occupational blood exposure accidents (OBEA) among dental students at the end of the whole dental education program. Materials and Methods: The survey was performed using a student self-administered questionnaire during July 2015 in the dental teaching hospital in Rabat. It was conducted on 117 dental students registered in the 5th year. The results were analyzed by SPSS Software, Version 13...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629067/a-prospective-study-of-psychomotor-performance-of-driving-among-two-kinds-of-shift-work-in-iran
#20
Soheil Saadat, Mojgan Karbakhsh, Mahnaz Saremi, Iraj Alimohammadi, Hassan Ashayeri, Mahsa Fayaz, Farideh Sadeghian, Reza Rostami
Background and aim: Driving after a night shift imposes a risk on health care professionals and other road users. The aim of this study was to measure psychomotor performance of driving of night shift nurses compared to day-shift nurses. Methods: Forty-seven volunteer female nurses working at Sina hospital in Tehran, Iran, with a call in all departments of hospital, participated in this study (23 night shift and 24 day shift nurses) in 2016. The tests included RT for simple reaction time, ATAVT for perceptual speed, LVT for visual orientation and ZBA for time anticipation...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
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