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occupational accidents

Yasmine Mosleh, Martin Cajka, Bart Depreitere, Jos Vander Sloten, Jan Ivens
Oblique impact is the most common accident situation that occupants in traffic accidents or athletes in professional sports experience. During oblique impact, the human head is subjected to a combination of linear and rotational accelerations. Rotational movement is known to be responsible for traumatic brain injuries. In this article, composite foam with a column/matrix composite configuration is proposed for head protection applications to replace single-layer uniform foam, to better attenuate rotational movement of the head during oblique impacts...
March 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
M N Arslan, Ç Kertmen, I Esen Melez, D O Melez
Traumatic asphyxia is a rare clinical syndrome usually caused by sudden and severe thoracic and/or thoracoabdominal compression. It presents with craniofacial cyanosis, petechiae, and subconjunctival haemorrhages. The present study employed a postmortem retrospective methodology to analyse autopsy findings and accompanying injuries in cases of death due to traumatic asphyxia. Four years of case files from a morgue department at a forensic medicine institute were searched and 53 cases of lethal traumatic asphyxia were found...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Sainan Lyu, Carol K H Hon, Albert P C Chan, Francis K W Wong, Arshad Ali Javed
In many countries, it is common practice to attract and employ ethnic minority (EM) or migrant workers in the construction industry. This primarily occurs in order to alleviate the labor shortage caused by an aging workforce with a lack of new entrants. Statistics show that EM construction workers are more likely to have occupational fatal and nonfatal injuries than their local counterparts; however, the mechanism underlying accidents and injuries in this vulnerable population has been rarely examined. This study aims to investigate relationships among safety climate, safety behavior, and safety outcomes for EM construction workers...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nino Andricevic, Mirko Junge, Jonas Krampe
OBJECTIVE: Construction of Injury risk functions (IRF) for front row occupants in oblique frontal crashes and a comparison to IRF of non-oblique frontal crashes from the same dataset. METHOD: Crashes of modern vehicles from the GIDAS (German In-depth Accident Study) were used as the basis for the construction of a logistic injury risk model. Static deformation, measured via displaced voxels on the post-crash vehicles, was used to calculate the energy dissipated in the crash...
March 9, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Lluís Sanmiquel, Marc Bascompta, Josep M Rossell, Hernán Francisco Anticoi, Eduard Guash
An analysis of occupational accidents in the mining sector was conducted using the data from the Spanish Ministry of Employment and Social Safety between 2005 and 2015, and data-mining techniques were applied. Data was processed with the software Weka. Two scenarios were chosen from the accidents database: surface and underground mining. The most important variables involved in occupational accidents and their association rules were determined. These rules are composed of several predictor variables that cause accidents, defining its characteristics and context...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Franco Carnevale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Linda Schenk, Mattias Öberg
Records of injuries and incidents provide an important basis for injury prevention related to hazardous substances at the workplace. The present study aimed to review available data on injuries and incidents involving hazardous substances and investigate how data from the Poisons Information Centre could complement the records of the Swedish Work Environment Authority. We found two major obstacles for using injury/incident data based on employers' mandatory reporting. First, it was not possible to quickly and reliably identify injuries caused by hazardous substances, and second, data identifying substances or products are not systematically included...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Patrick Morency, Jillian Strauss, Félix Pépin, François Tessier, Jocelyn Grondines
Some studies have estimated fatality and injury rates for bus occupants, but data was aggregated at the country level and made no distinction between bus types. Also, injured pedestrians and cyclists, as a result of bus travel, were overlooked. We compared injury rates for car and city bus occupants on specific urban major roads, as well as the cyclist and pedestrian injuries associated with car and bus travel. We selected ten bus routes along major urban arterials (in Montreal, Canada). Passenger-kilometers traveled were estimated from vehicle counts at intersections (2002-2010) and from bus passenger counts (2008)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Selim Baradan, Seyyit Umit Dikmen, Ozge Akboga Kale
The International Labor Organization, (ILO) reports that the risk of fatal occupational injuries in the developing countries is almost twice as high as in the developed countries, indicating a potential relationship between the fatality rates and the development level. The human development index (HDI), based on the life expectancy, the knowledge level and the purchasing power parity, endorsed by United Nations Development Programme is a widely accepted measure of the development level. This study investigates the relationship between the HDI and the fatality rates reported by the ILO...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Alberto Martinetti, Maria Mikela Chatzimichailidou, Luisa Maida, Leo van Dongen
Occupational health and safety (OHS) represents an important field of exploration for the research community: in spite of the growing of the technological innovations, the raising complexity of systems involves critical issues in terms of degradation of the safety levels. In such a situation, new safety management approaches (SMA) are now mandatory in order to face the safety implications of the current technological evolutions. Along these lines, performing risk-based analysis alone seems not to be enough anymore...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Christopher M Wilson, Christina L Mitchell, Katherine M Hebert
Cerebellar stroke increases the risk of extensive physical disability and long-term institutionalization. The purpose of this case report is to describe the 14-month longitudinal rehabilitation management and outcomes from the intensive care unit, inpatient rehabilitation unit and outpatient care of a patient after cerebellar stroke. A goal of this case report is to provide rehabilitation clinicians with a long-term perspective and understanding of the course of recovery for a patient after cerebellar cerebrovascular accident or related injury...
December 14, 2017: Curēus
Jingfeng Yuan, Wen Yi, Mengyi Miao, Lei Zhang
The construction industry has been recognized, for many years, as among those having a high likelihood of accidents, injuries and occupational illnesses. Such risks of construction workers can lead to low productivity and social problems. As a result, construction workers' well-being should be highly addressed to improve construction workers' efficiency and productivity. Meanwhile, the social support from a social network and capital (SNC) of construction workers has been considered as an effective approach to promote construction workers' physical and mental health (P&M health), as well as their work efficiency and productivity...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Isa Koranyi, Johanna Jonsson, Torkel Rönnblad, Leo Stockfelt, Theo Bodin
bjectives Precarious employment conditions have become more common in many countries over the last decades, and have been linked to various adverse health outcomes. The objective of this review was to collect and summarize existing scientific research of the relationship between dimensions of precarious employment and the rate of occupational injuries. Methods A protocol was developed in accordance with the PRISMA-P checklist for systematic literature reviews. We searched PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus for articles on observational studies from North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand published in peer-reviewed journals 1990-2017...
February 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Po-Wei Chiu, Chih-Hao Lin, Chen-Long Wu, Pin-Hui Fang, Chien-Hsin Lu, Hsiang-Chin Hsu, Chih-Hsien Chi
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Ambulance traffic accidents (ATAs) are the leading cause of occupation-related fatalities among emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. We aim to use the Taiwan national surveillance system to analyze the characteristics of ATAs and to assist EMS directors in developing policies governing ambulance operations. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional and largely descriptive study was conducted using Taiwan national traffic accidents surveillance data from January 1, 2011 to October 31, 2016...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Brenen P Swofford, Devon P Swofford
BACKGROUND Hypothenar hammer syndrome is a relatively rare disease process caused by repetitive stress or injury to the hypothenar eminence leading to chronic injury to the ulnar artery. This chronic stress (usually as a result of occupational or sport activities) may result in arterial constriction or thickening, which may lead to thrombosis or aneurysm formation. A review of current literature revealed that reports related to management of hypothenar hammer syndrome are limited. CASE REPORT A 33-year-old male without significant past medical history presented with left hand/digit pain, skin discoloration, and coolness of the hand/digits after a mechanical accident experienced 12 hours prior to presentation...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Muhammad Hibatullah Romli, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Maw Pin Tan, Lindy Clemson
Home hazards are associated with falls among older people living in the community. However, evaluating home hazards is a complex process as environmental factors vary according to geography, culture, and architectural design. As a result, many health practitioners commonly use nonstandardized assessment methods that may lead to inaccurate findings. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to identify standardized instruments for evaluating home hazards related to falls and evaluate the clinimetric properties of these instruments for use by health practitioners...
March 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Chia-Fen Chi, Syuan-Zih Lin
The current study analyzed 312 caught-in-between fatalities caused by machinery and vehicles. A comprehensive and mutually exclusive coding scheme was developed to analyze and code each caught-in-between fatality in terms of age, gender, experience of the victim, type of industry, source of injury, and causes for these accidents. Boolean algebra analysis was applied on these 312 caught-in-between fatalities to derive minimal cut set (MCS) causes associated with each source of injury. Eventually, contributing factors and common accident patterns associated with (1) special process machinery including textile, printing, packaging machinery, (2) metal, woodworking, and special material machinery, (3) conveyor, (4) vehicle, (5) crane, (6) construction machinery, and (7) elevator can be divided into three major groups through Boolean algebra and MCS analysis...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Yu I Pigolkin, I A Dubrovin, A S Mosoyan, A A Bychkov
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the characteristic features of the injuries inflicted to the victims of a road traffic accident inside the passenger compartment of a moving car equipped with the modern personal safety systems. The materials available for the present work included the lesions documented in 210 drivers and 150 occupants of the car passenger compartments. Both comparative, morphometric and statistical methods were used to analyze the data obtained. The morphometric analysis included identification of the form of the injury, such as extravasation, wounds, fractures, and lesions of the internal organs (e...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
I A Dubrovin, E P Sedykh, A S Mosoyan, A A Bychkov, D N Akhmetova
The objective of the present study was to develop the diagnostic criteria for determining the positions of the participants of a road traffic accident inside the passenger car compartment based on the analysis of the characteristic features of vertebral lesions in the victims. The archival documents of forensic medical expertises were used to analyze the specific characteristics of fractured cervical vertebra in the victims of the accident inside the passenger car compartments including the drivers (n=92), the occupants of the forward (n=43) and rear (n=37) seats of the car...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Silvana Salerno
BACKGROUND: In Italy and in Europe occupational diseases (OD) claims are growing among women, and international studies show women's lower compensation rate. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of occupational diseases compensation rate among "Italian" women (country of birth: Italy) and "immigrant" women (country of birth: not Italy) focusing on biomechanical overload of the upper limb, the most common OD in Italy. METHODS: INAIL (Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work) statistical data (2010-2013) on ascertained OD in Industry-Services (I-S) were analyzed by gender and country of birth with particular attention to biomechanical overload of the upper limb and to occupational diseases not included in the official OD list...
February 1, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
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