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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283140/pay-matters-the-piece-rate-and-health-in-the-developing-world
#1
Mary E Davis
BACKGROUND: Piece rate pay remains a common form of compensation in developing-world industries. While the piece rate may boost productivity, it has been shown to have unintended consequences for occupational safety and health, including increased accident and injury risk. OBJECTIVES: This paper explores the relationship between worker pay and physical and emotional health, and questions the modern day business case for piece rate pay in the developing world. METHODS: The relationship between piece rate and self-reported measures of physical and emotional health is estimated using a large survey of garment workers in 109 Vietnamese factories between 2010 and 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272091/asphyxia-in-motor-vehicle-crashes-analysis-of-crash-related-variables-using-national-automotive-sampling-system-crashworthiness-data-system-and-forensic-case-studies
#2
Steven G Storvik, Julius Q Campbell, Jeffrey B Wheeler
Rates of death because of asphyxia in motor vehicle crashes have been previously estimated using county and statewide data sets, but national estimates have not been reported. The literature regarding asphyxia in motor vehicle crashes primarily involves discussions about clinical findings, and crash-related variables have been sparsely reported. The current study calculated a nationwide fatality rate for asphyxia in motor vehicle crashes of 1.4%. Seventeen case studies of asphyxia were also reported providing crash-, vehicle-, and occupant-related variables...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246623/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-hand-and-finger-amputations-in-north-western-iran-a-single-center-experience
#3
Nasrin Mehri, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazergani, Abdolrasoul Safaiean
OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hand and finger amputations in patients referring to a single center in northern Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 200 traumatic hand amputees hospitalized in Shohada Hospital in Tabriz, Northwestern Iran during a 1-year period in 2014. Data were collected through prospective interviews for variables such as demographic characteristics, accident time; exact anatomical site of amputation; reasons for amputation; amputation mechanism; and having attention deficit symptoms as well as activities causing attention deficit prior to the accident...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245578/occupational-safety-and-health-conditions-aboard-small-and-medium-size-fishing-vessels-differences-among-age-groups
#4
Mohamed A Zytoon, Abdulrahman M Basahel
Although marine fishing is one of the most hazardous occupations, research on the occupational safety and health (OSH) conditions aboard marine fishing vessels is scarce. For instance, little is known about the working conditions of vulnerable groups such as young and aging fishermen. The objective of the current paper is to study the OSH conditions of young and aging fishermen compared to middle-aged fishermen in the small- and medium-size (SM) marine fishing sector. A cross-sectional study was designed, and 686 fishermen working aboard SM fishing vessels were interviewed to collect information about their safety and health...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245001/fatal-accidents-at-work-in-agriculture-associated-with-alcohol-intoxication-in-lower-silesia-in-poland
#5
Tomasz Jurek, Marta Rorat
BACKGROUND: Determining the prevalence of alcohol intoxication and the level of intoxication in victims of fatal occupational accidents is necessary to improve work safety. The circumstances of the accident and the time between alcohol consumption and death are important factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 18 935 medico-legal autopsy reports and toxicological reports performed in the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Wroclaw Medical University, Poland, in the years 1991-2014...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241709/-an-occupational-excitant-gas-poisoning-accident-and-case-report-caused-by-pickling-paste
#6
K Wang, B J Gao, X D Jian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226052/factors-associated-with-occupational-exposure-to-biological-material-among-nursing-professionals
#7
Nádia Bruna da Silva Negrinho, Silmara Elaine Malaguti-Toffano, Renata Karina Reis, Fernanda Maria Vieira Pereira, Elucir Gir
Objective: to identify factors associated with occupational exposure to biological material among nursing professionals. Method: a cross-sectional study was conducted in a high complexity hospital of a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Nursing professionals were interviewed from March to November 2015. All ethical aspects were observed. Result: among the 226 professionals interviewed, 17.3% suffered occupational exposure to potentially contaminated biological material, with 61...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197863/characterization-of-foreign-born-vs-native-born-worker-fatalities-in-kentucky-2001-2014
#8
Yailet Cruz, Terry Lee Bunn, Nancy Hanner, Svetla Slavova
Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001-2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182158/demographic-characteristics-and-clinical-outcome-of-work-related-open-globe-injuries-in-the-most-industrialised-region-of-turkey
#9
Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Berna Akova Budak, Emina Skrijelj, Mediha Tok Çevik
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate demographic characteristics and clinical outcomes of work-related open globe injuries in the most industrialized region of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The demographic and medical records of patients with work-related open globe injuries who presented to the ophthalmology or emergency departments with an official occupational accident report were retrospectively reviewed. Visual acuity categories were defined according to the World Health Organization...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179610/occupational-safety-and-health-in-construction-a-review-of-applications-and-trends
#10
Fabián Alberto Suárez Sánchez, Gloria Isabel Carvajal Peláez, Joaquín Catalá Alís
Due to the high number of accidents that occur in construction and the consequences this has for workers, organizations, society and countries, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become a very important issue for stakeholders to take care of the human resource. For this reason, and in order to know how OSH research in the construction sector has evolved over time, this article - in which articles published in English were studied - presents an analysis of research conducted from 1930 to 2016. The classification of documents was carried out following the Occupational Safety and Health Cycle which is composed of five steps: regulation, education and training, risk assessment, risk prevention, and accident analysis...
February 7, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164810/primary-care-issues-in-rural-populations
#11
REVIEW
Konstantinos E Deligiannidis
Rural populations have different demographics and health issues compared to their metropolitan counterparts, including higher mortalities from ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unintentional injuries, motor vehicle accidents, and suicide. Rural primary care physicians (PCPs) have a unique position in counseling, preventing, and treating common issues that are specific to rural populations, such as motor vehicle accidents, unintentional injuries, pesticide poisoning, occupational respiratory illnesses, and mental illness...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160812/noise-and-neurotoxic-chemical-exposure-relationship-to-workplace-traumatic-injuries-a-review
#12
Cheryl Fairfield Estill, Carol H Rice, Thais Morata, Amit Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: More than 5,000 fatalities and eight million injuries occurred in the workplace in 2007 at a cost of $6 billion and $186 billion, respectively. Neurotoxic chemicals are known to affect central nervous system functions among workers, which include balance and hearing disorders. However, it is not known if there is an association between exposure to noise and solvents and acute injuries. METHOD: A thorough review was conducted of the literature on the relationship between noise or solvent exposures and hearing loss with various health outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160810/non-battle-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan-and-iraq-2001-2013
#13
Avni A Patel, Keith G Hauret, Bonnie J Taylor, Bruce H Jones
INTRODUCTION: Many non-battle injuries among deployed soldiers are due to occupational-related tasks. Given that non-battle injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, occupational safety and health are of great concern to the military. Some of the leading causes of non-battle injuries in the military are also common in non-military occupational settings. Nationally, falls and motor-vehicle accidents are leading causes of non-fatal occupational injuries in the civilian workforce...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155736/-return-to-work-after-a-work-accident-160-is-coordination-between-the-occupational-physician-and-the-insurance-physician-possible-160
#14
Laurent Paggetti, Michel Muller, Philippe Mairiaux
<ce:para>Occupational physicians and insurance physicians each have their own roles in managing the consequences of work accidents and their interaction is pivotal in the administrative and clinical process of return to work. We wanted to analyse the barriers and facilitators of this collaboration in Belgium.</ce:para> <ce:para>A qualitative study was conducted based on individual interviews of a sample of insurance physicians and occupational physicians working in French-speaking Belgium...
November 25, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125258/100-years-of-occupational-safety-research-from-basic-protections-and-work-analysis-to-a-multilevel-view-of-workplace-safety-and-risk
#15
David A Hofmann, Michael J Burke, Dov Zohar
Starting with initiatives dating back to the mid-1800s, we provide a high-level review of the key trends and developments in the application of applied psychology to the field of occupational safety. Factory laws, basic worker compensation, and research on accident proneness comprised much of the early work. Thus, early research and practice very much focused on the individual worker, the design of their work, and their basic protection. Gradually and over time, the focus began to navigate further into the organizational context...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112714/-work-related-fatal-traffic-injuries-in-spain-according-to-travelling-reasons-and-sex-2010-2013
#16
María López-Ruiz, Núria Mancebo Fernández, Katherine Pérez, Laura Serra Saurina, Fernando G Benavides
OBJECTIVE: Most studies about work-related traffic injuries in Spain are based in labor administration information. The aim of this study was to carry out a description of fatal work-related traffic injuries in Spain according to travelling reason between 2010 and 2013, based on the Transport Authority database. METHODS: Descriptive study of fatal work-related traffic injuries that drivers between 16 and 70 years old suffered, whose reason for travelling was recorded as labour, occurred during working or commuting hours, between 2010 and 2013...
January 23, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111414/relationship-between-non-standard-work-arrangements-and-work-related-accident-absence-in-belgium
#17
Hanan Alali, Lutgart Braeckman, Tanja Van Hecke, Bart De Clercq, Heidi Janssens, Magd Abdel Wahab
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between indicators of non-standard work arrangements, including precarious contract, long working hours, multiple jobs, shift work, and work-related accident absence, using a representative Belgian sample and considering several socio-demographic and work characteristics. METHODS: This study was based on the data of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). For the analysis, the sample was restricted to 3343 respondents from Belgium who were all employed workers...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100039/low-dose-radiation-causes-skin-cancer-in-mice-and-has-a-differential-effect-on-distinct-epidermal-stem-cells
#18
Tatiana Revenco, Gaelle Lapouge, Virginie Moers, Sylvain Brohée, Panagiota A Sotiropoulou
The carcinogenic effect of ionizing radiation has been evaluated based on limited populations accidently exposed to high dose radiation. In contrast, insufficient data are available on the effect of low dose radiation (LDR), such as radiation deriving from medical investigations and interventions, as well as occupational exposure that concern a large fraction of western populations. Using mouse skin epidermis as a model, we showed that LDR results in DNA damage in sebaceous gland (SG) and bulge epidermal stem cells (SCs)...
January 18, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#19
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096050/-incidence-of-accidental-exposure-to-blood-and-body-fluids-among-healthcare-professionals-in-a-community-hospital
#20
Cristina Pérez Ruiz, Miquel Torres Salinas, Gloria de la Red Bellvis, Nada Msabri, Esther Niño Aragón, Javier Sobrino Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the annual incidence of healthcare professionals' accidental exposure to blood and body fluids in a community hospital and describe their characteristics, associated situations and follow-up. METHOD: A longitudinal, retrospective study of biological accidents voluntarily reported on a yearly basis by exposed healthcare professionals at Fundació Hospital de l'Esperit Sant (in Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Barcelona, Spain), between 2005 and 2014...
October 27, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
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