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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634168/contributions-of-children-with-multiple-chronic-conditions-to-pediatric-hospitalizations-in-the-united-states-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#1
Jay G Berry, Arlene S Ash, Eyal Cohen, Fareesa Hasan, Chris Feudtner, Matt Hall
BACKGROUND: Children with multiple chronic conditions (CMCC) are increasingly using hospital care. We assessed how much of US pediatric inpatient care is used by CMCC and which chronic conditions are the key drivers of hospital use. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all 2.3 million US acute-care hospital discharges in 2012 for children age 0 to 18 years in the Kids' Inpatient Database. The ∼4.5 million US hospitalizations for pregnancy, childbirth, and newborn and neonatal care were not assessed...
June 20, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632490/the-florence-statement-on-triclosan-and-triclocarban
#2
Rolf U Halden, Avery E Lindeman, Allison E Aiello, David Andrews, William A Arnold, Patricia Fair, Rebecca E Fuoco, Laura A Geer, Paula I Johnson, Rainer Lohmann, Kristopher McNeill, Victoria P Sacks, Ted Schettler, Roland Weber, R Thomas Zoeller, Arlene Blum
The Florence Statement on Triclosan and Triclocarban documents a consensus of more than 200 scientists and medical professionals on the hazards of and lack of demonstrated benefit from common uses of triclosan and triclocarban. These chemicals may be used in thousands of personal care and consumer products as well as in building materials. Based on extensive peer-reviewed research, this statement concludes that triclosan and triclocarban are environmentally persistent endocrine disruptors that bioaccumulate in and are toxic to aquatic and other organisms...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631001/the-effect-of-emphasizing-patient-societal-and-institutional-harms-of-inappropriate-antibiotic-prescribing-on-physician-support-of-financial-penalties-a-randomized-trial
#3
Joshua M Liao, Marilyn S Schapira, Amol S Navathe, Nandita Mitra, Arlene Weissman, David A Asch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629905/2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-american-association-of-hip-and-knee-surgeons-guideline-for-the-perioperative-management-of-antirheumatic-medication-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-undergoing-elective-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#4
Susan M Goodman, Bryan Springer, Gordon Guyatt, Matthew P Abdel, Vinod Dasa, Michael George, Ora Gewurz-Singer, Jon T Giles, Beverly Johnson, Steve Lee, Lisa A Mandl, Michael A Mont, Peter Sculco, Scott Sporer, Louis Stryker, Marat Turgunbaev, Barry Brause, Antonia F Chen, Jeremy Gililland, Mark Goodman, Arlene Hurley-Rosenblatt, Kyriakos Kirou, Elena Losina, Ronald MacKenzie, Kaleb Michaud, Ted Mikuls, Linda Russell, Alexander Sah, Amy S Miller, Jasvinder A Singh, Adolph Yates
OBJECTIVE: This collaboration between the American College of Rheumatology and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons developed an evidence-based guideline for the perioperative management of antirheumatic drug therapy for adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) including ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) undergoing elective total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628736/-it-s-definitely-not-alzheimer-s-perceived-benefits-and-drawbacks-of-a-mild-cognitive-impairment-diagnosis
#5
Tim Gomersall, Sarah Kate Smith, Charlotte Blewett, Arlene Astell
OBJECTIVES: To understand the perceived benefits and drawbacks of a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) diagnosis from the perspective of those living with the label. METHODS: Participants were included if they had recently (within 6 months) received a MCI diagnosis. We also recruited close family members to gain their perspectives. Each was interviewed separately with a semi-structured topic guide covering three areas: (1) experience of cognitive impairments and changes in the individual; (2) impact of cognitive impairment(s) on daily activities and social relationships; and (3) experience of the diagnosis process and living with the label...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627097/stability-of-outcomes-after-5-years-of-treatment-in-an-early-intervention-programme
#6
Ross M G Norman, Kelly K Anderson, Arlene MacDougall, Rahul Manchanda, Raj Harricharan, Priya Subramanian, Julie Richard, Sandra Northcott
AIM: It has been hypothesized that the first 5 years are critical in determining long-term recovery from psychotic disorders. We examine stability in recovery indices after 5 years for 56 patients treated in an early intervention programme for psychosis. METHODS: Assessments of symptom remission and functional recovery were carried out 5 and 10 years after initiation of treatment. RESULTS: Although overall rates of recovery were comparable at both times, there were significant changes for individuals reflecting both improvement and deterioration...
June 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626295/restoring-effective-sleep-tranquility-rest-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#7
Aaron M Eakman, Arlene A Schmid, Kimberly L Henry, Natalie R Rolle, Catherine Schelly, Christine E Pott, Joshua E Burns
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pilot study was to establish the feasibility of completing a future controlled trial of a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia program for military veterans with sleep disturbance. METHOD: This was a single-arm feasibility and pilot study. Participants were United States post-9/11 veterans with service-connected injuries, university students, and had self-reported sleep disturbances. Restoring Effective Sleep Tranquility was a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia intervention consisting of seven sessions of group therapy and eight 1:1 sessions delivered by occupational therapists...
June 2017: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624677/cardiorespiratory-benefits-of-group-exercise-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
Gerald J Jerome, Deborah Rohm Young, Arlene T Dalcin, Nae-Yuh Wang, Joseph Gennusa, Stacy Goldsholl, Lawrence J Appel, Gail L Daumit
This study examined cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) among adults with serious mental illness (SMI) participating in group exercise classes. Overweight and obese adults with SMI were randomized to either a control condition or a weight management condition with group exercise classes (n = 222). Submaximal bicycle ergometry was used to assess CRF at baseline, 6 and 18 months. Those with ≥ 66% participation in the exercise classes had a lower heart rate response at 6 and 18 month follow-up. Participation in group exercise classes was associated with improved short and long term cardiovascular fitness among adults with SMI...
June 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621030/plugging-the-patient-evidence-gap-what-patients-with-swallowing-disorders-post-stroke-say-about-thickened-liquids
#9
Arlene McCurtin, Chiara Healy, Linda Kelly, Fiona Murphy, Jean Ryan, Joanne Walsh
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia post-stroke is well known, with its presence increasing the risk of poor outcomes in particular aspiration and aspiration pneumonia. Management to minimize the risk of aspiration and improve swallow safety post-stroke includes the treatment of thickened liquids (TL), an established bolus modification intervention. Despite widespread use, there is a lack of robust empirical evidence and minimal patient evidence as to the experience and acceptability of using thickeners by people who experience dysphagia after a stroke...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620948/2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-american-association-of-hip-and-knee-surgeons-guideline-for-the-perioperative-management-of-antirheumatic-medication-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-undergoing-elective-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Susan M Goodman, Bryan Springer, Gordon Guyatt, Matthew P Abdel, Vinod Dasa, Michael George, Ora Gewurz-Singer, Jon T Giles, Beverly Johnson, Steve Lee, Lisa A Mandl, Michael A Mont, Peter Sculco, Scott Sporer, Louis Stryker, Marat Turgunbaev, Barry Brause, Antonia F Chen, Jeremy Gililland, Mark Goodman, Arlene Hurley-Rosenblatt, Kyriakos Kirou, Elena Losina, Ronald MacKenzie, Kaleb Michaud, Ted Mikuls, Linda Russell, Alexander Sah, Amy S Miller, Jasvinder A Singh, Adolph Yates
OBJECTIVE: This collaboration between the American College of Rheumatology and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons developed an evidence-based guideline for the perioperative management of antirheumatic drug therapy for adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) including ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) undergoing elective total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620917/2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-american-association-of-hip-and-knee-surgeons-guideline-for-the-perioperative-management-of-antirheumatic-medication-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-undergoing-elective-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Susan M Goodman, Bryan Springer, Gordon Guyatt, Matthew P Abdel, Vinod Dasa, Michael George, Ora Gewurz-Singer, Jon T Giles, Beverly Johnson, Steve Lee, Lisa A Mandl, Michael A Mont, Peter Sculco, Scott Sporer, Louis Stryker, Marat Turgunbaev, Barry Brause, Antonia F Chen, Jeremy Gililland, Mark Goodman, Arlene Hurley-Rosenblatt, Kyriakos Kirou, Elena Losina, Ronald MacKenzie, Kaleb Michaud, Ted Mikuls, Linda Russell, Alexander Sah, Amy S Miller, Jasvinder A Singh, Adolph Yates
OBJECTIVE: This collaboration between the American College of Rheumatology and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons developed an evidence-based guideline for the perioperative management of antirheumatic drug therapy for adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) including ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) undergoing elective total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610912/characteristics-of-cardiomyopathy-in-alstr%C3%A3-m-syndrome-prospective-single-center-data-on-38-patients
#12
Alessandra Brofferio, Vandana Sachdev, Hwaida Hannoush, Jan D Marshall, Jürgen K Naggert, Stanislav Sidenko, Anna Noreuil, Arlene Sirajuddin, Joy Bryant, Joan C Han, Andrew E Arai, William A Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun
BACKGROUND: Alström syndrome (AS) is a rare monogenetic disorder with multi-organ involvement. Complex metabolic disturbances are common and cardiomyopathy is a well-recognized feature in infants as well as in older children and adults. Although the mechanism of cardiomyopathy is not known, previous reports suggest that individuals with infantile-onset cardiac disease recover completely. METHODS: In this single center prospective series of 38 children and adults (age range 1...
May 30, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601108/african-american-women-s-long-term-maintenance-of-physical-activity-following-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
JoEllen Wilbur, Arlene M Miller, Susan W Buchholz, Louis F Fogg, Lynne T Braun, Shannon Halloway, Michael E Schoeny
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine long-term maintenance of physical activity (PA) following the 48-week Women's Lifestyle PA program, targeted/tailored for African-American women. METHODS: The parent study consisted of a 3-arm randomized clinical trial with 3 assessment points: baseline (pre-intervention); 24 weeks post-baseline (end active intervention); and 48 weeks post-baseline (end maintenance intervention). Present analyses supplement the original results by adding a long-term maintenance assessment that occurred 2 to 4 years post-baseline...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598723/use-of-the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-c-ssrs-to-classify-suicidal-behaviors
#14
Alejandro Interian, Megan Chesin, Anna Kline, Rachael Miller, Lauren St Hill, Miriam Latorre, Anton Shcherbakov, Arlene King, Barbara Stanley
Efforts to better understand and prevent suicide have increasingly pointed to the prospective assessment of suicidal behaviors in clinical trials. These assessments are aided by instruments such as the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), which have sought to improve the conceptual uniformity and ease by which suicidal behaviors are classified. At the same time, assessment and classification of suicidal behaviors has been a longtime challenge in the field. To aide users of the C-SSRS, this manuscript illustrates the use of the C-SSRS in instances where classification complexities arise...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597384/toxicity-against-drosophila-melanogaster-and-antiedematogenic-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-alternanthera-brasiliana-l-kuntze-amaranthaceae
#15
Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho, Cícera Datiane de Morais Oliveira-Tintino, Saulo Relison Tintino, Raimundo Luiz Silva Pereira, Thiago Sampaio de Freitas, Maria Arlene Pessoa da Silva, Jeferson Luis Franco, Francisco Assis Bezerra da Cunha, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, Aline Augusti Boligon, João Batista Teixeira da Rocha, Maria Ivaneide Rocha, Joycy Francely Sampaio Dos Santos
Bioactive phytocompounds are studied by several bioactivities demonstrated, as their cytotoxic effects. The aim of this work was to evaluate the phytochemical profile, the toxic effect using the Drosophila melanogaster animal model and the anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect of the Alternanthera brasiliana (EEAB) ethanol extract. The phytochemical profile was performed using HPLC. The cytotoxic effect was evaluated in vivo using D. melanogaster. The anti-inflammatory effect was determined by neurogenic and antiedematogenic assays, and the antimicrobial activity was assayed using a microdilution method to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the EEAB alone and in association with antibiotics...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596228/development-and-implementation-of-a-residency-project-advisory-board
#16
Julie K Dagam, Arlene Iglar, Julie Kindsfater, Al Loeb, Chad Smith, Frank Spexarth, Dennis Brierton, Thomas Woller
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a residency project advisory board (RPAB) to manage multiple pharmacy residents' yearlong projects across several residency programs are described. SUMMARY: Preceptor and resident feedback during our annual residency program review and strategic planning sessions suggested the implementation of a more-coordinated approach to the identification, selection, and oversight of all components of the residency project process...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587287/a-routine-top-down-approach-to-analysis-of-the-human-serum-proteome
#17
Arlene M D'Silva, Jon A Hyett, Jens R Coorssen
Serum provides a rich source of potential biomarker proteoforms. One of the major obstacles in analysing serum proteomes is detecting lower abundance proteins owing to the presence of hyper-abundant species (e.g., serum albumin and immunoglobulins). Although depletion methods have been used to address this, these can lead to the concomitant removal of non-targeted protein species, and thus raise issues of specificity, reproducibility, and the capacity for meaningful quantitative analyses. Altering the native stoichiometry of the proteome components may thus yield a more complex series of issues than dealing directly with the inherent complexity of the sample...
June 6, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585995/outcomes-of-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
Brian P Chalmers, Cameron K Ledford, Kevin I Perry, Tad M Mabry, Arlen D Hanssen, Matthew P Abdel
Patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation to treat underlying bone marrow pathology represent a unique and potentially high-risk patient population for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study retrospectively reviewed 15 TKA procedures performed on 11 patients with a history of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The authors analyzed patient survivorship; clinical outcomes, including complications; and implant survivorship. Mean follow-up was 5 years (range, 2-10 years). Patient survivorship free from mortality was 91% (95% confidence interval, 76%-100%) and 55% (95% confidence interval, 25%-85%) at 2 and 5 years, respectively...
June 6, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582254/studies-involving-people-with-dementia-and-touchscreen-technology-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Phil Joddrell, Arlene J Astell
BACKGROUND: Devices using touchscreen interfaces such as tablets and smartphones have been highlighted as potentially suitable for people with dementia due to their intuitive and simple control method. This population experience a lack of meaningful, engaging activities, yet the potential use of the touchscreen format to address this issue has not been fully realized. OBJECTIVE: To identify and synthesize the existing body of literature involving the use of touchscreen technology and people with dementia in order to guide future research in this area...
November 4, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579448/conversion-of-hip-hemiarthroplasty-to-total-hip-arthroplasty-utilizing-a-dual-mobility-construct-compared-with-large-femoral-heads
#20
Brian P Chalmers, Kevin I Perry, Arlen D Hanssen, Mark W Pagnano, Matthew P Abdel
BACKGROUND: Conversion of hemiarthroplasty to total hip arthroplasty (THA) has a historically high, up to 20%, postoperative dislocation rate. As such, dual-mobility (DM) constructs are an attractive option to mitigate this complication. We analyzed survivorship free of revision, complications, and clinical outcomes of hemiarthroplasties conversion to THAs utilizing DM constructs compared with large femoral heads (≥36 mm). METHODS: Conversion of 16 hemiarthroplasties to THAs with a specific DM construct compared with 13 conversions utilizing large femoral heads (≥36 mm) from 2011 to 2014 were reviewed...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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