keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

D M

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241248/providing-patients-with-implantable-cardiac-device-data-through-a-personal-health-record-a-qualitative-study
#1
Carly N Daley, Elizabeth M Chen, Amelia E Roebuck, Romisa Rohani Ghahari, Areej F Sami, Cayla G Skaggs, Maria D Carpenter, Michael J Mirro, Tammy R Toscos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241139/mussels-and-clams-from-the-italian-fish-market-is-there-a-human-exposition-risk-to-metals-and-arsenic
#2
L M Chiesa, F Ceriani, M Caligara, D Di Candia, R Malandra, S Panseri, F Arioli
Seafood is associated with many beneficial effects on human health. However, the overall level of contaminants in biota has increased over the last two centuries and seafood is one of the source of oral exposition to contaminants. Therefore, this work aimed to evaluate cadmium, lead, mercury, arsenic, chromium and nickel presence in mussels and clams, from the Italian market, and the associated risk. The samples were from five different FAO areas. Analyses were carried out using inductively-coupled plasms-mass spectrometry...
December 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241103/prevalence-and-correlates-of-benzodiazepine-use-and-misuse-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#3
Benjamin A Bouvier, Katherine M Waye, Beth Elston, Scott E Hadland, Traci C Green, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepine use dramatically increases the risk of unintentional overdose among people who use opioids non-medically. However, little is known about the patterns of co-occurring benzodiazepine and opioid use among young adults in the United States. METHODS: The Rhode Island Young Adult Prescription Drug Study (RAPiDS) was a cross-sectional study from January 2015-February 2016. RAPiDS recruited 200 young adults aged 18-29 who reported past 30-day non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241080/paternal-urinary-concentrations-of-organophosphate-flame-retardant-metabolites-fertility-measures-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-couples-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#4
Courtney C Carignan, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Paige L Williams, John D Meeker, Heather M Stapleton, Craig M Butt, Thomas L Toth, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Use of organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) has increased over the past decade following the phase out of some brominated flame retardants, leading to increased human exposure. We recently reported that increasing maternal PFR exposure is associated with poorer pregnancy outcomes among women from a fertility clinic. Because a small epidemiologic study previously reported an inverse association between male PFR exposures and sperm motility, we sought to examine associations of paternal urinary concentrations of PFR metabolites and their partner's pregnancy outcomes...
December 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241046/increase-in-post-activation-potentiation-in-females-following-a-cycling-warmup
#5
Carey L Simpson, Marina M Flatman, Brian D H Kim, Nikita M Bouwmeester, Jennifer M Jakobi
Post activation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon in which muscular force is acutely enhanced as a result of prior contractile activity. The net augmentation is dependent upon the intensity of the preceding conditioning contraction influencing calcium release and phosphorylation of the regulatory myosin light chain. This phenomenon has been recorded after various types of conditioning contractions, however the interaction of a warmup on PAP remains uncertain and whether this differs between males and females requires consideration...
December 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240997/in-situ-quantification-of-re-co-3-by-fluorescence-spectroscopy-in-simulated-hanford-tank-waste
#6
Shirmir D Branch, Amanda D French, Amanda M Lines, Brian M Rapko, William R Heineman, Samuel A Bryan
A protocol is presented that allows for the quantitative conversion and subsequent in situ spectroscopic analysis of [Re(CO)3]+ species in simulated Hanford tank waste. In this test case, the non-radioactive metal rhenium, is substituted for technetium (Tc-99), a weak beta emitter, to demonstrate proof of concept for a method to measure a non-pertechnetate form of technetium in Hanford tank waste. The protocol encompasses adding a simulated waste sample containing the non-emissive [Re(CO)3]+ species to a developer solution that enables the rapid, quantitative conversion of the non-emissive species to a luminescent species which can then be detected spectroscopically...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240988/photoinduced-co-cf3-bond-activation-enables-arene-c-h-trifluoromethylation
#7
Caleb F Harris, Christopher S Kuehner, John Bacsa, Jake D Soper
Visible light capture activates a thermodynamically inert CoIII-CF3 bond for direct C-H trifluoromethylation of arenes and heteroarenes. New trifluoromethylcobalt(III) complexes supported by a redox-active [OCO] pincer ligand were prepared. Coordinating solvents, such as MeCN, afford quasi-octahedral [(SOCO)CoIII(CF3)(MeCN)2] (2), but in non-coordinating solvents the complex is square pyramidal [(SOCO)CoIII(CF3)(MeCN)] (3). Both are thermally stable, and 2 is stable in light. But exposure of 3 to low-energy light results in facile homolysis of the CoIII-CF3 bond, releasing ●CF3 radical, which is trapped by TEMPO● or (hetero)arenes...
December 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240974/increased-xylose-affinity-of-hxt2-through-gene-shuffling-of-hexose-transporters-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#8
Jeroen G Nijland, Hyun Yong Shin, Paul P de Waal, Paul Klaassen, Arnold J M Driessen
AIMS: Optimizing D-xylose transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is essential for efficient bioethanol production from cellulosic materials. We have used a gene shuffling approach of hexose (Hxt) transporters in order to increase the affinity for D-xylose. METHODS AND RESULTS: Various libraries were transformed to a hexose transporter deletion strain and shuffled genes were selected via growth on low concentrations of D-xylose. This screening yielded two homologous fusion proteins (fusion 9,4 and 9,6), both consisting of the major central part of Hxt2 and various smaller parts of other Hxt proteins...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240933/recruitment-of-uvrbc-complexes-to-uv-induced-damage-in-the-absence-of-uvra-increases-cell-survival
#9
Luke Springall, Craig D Hughes, Michelle Simons, Stavros Azinas, Bennett Van Houten, Neil M Kad
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the primary mechanism for removal of ultraviolet light (UV)-induced DNA photoproducts and is mechanistically conserved across all kingdoms of life. Bacterial NER involves damage recognition by UvrA2 and UvrB, followed by UvrC-mediated incision either side of the lesion. Here, using a combination of in vitro and in vivo single-molecule studies we show that a UvrBC complex is capable of lesion identification in the absence of UvrA. Single-molecule analysis of eGFP-labelled UvrB and UvrC in living cells showed that UV damage caused these proteins to switch from cytoplasmic diffusion to stable complexes on DNA...
December 12, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240919/genome-wide-dose-dependent-inhibition-of-histone-deacetylases-studies-reveal-their-roles-in-enhancer-remodeling-and-suppression-of-oncogenic-super-enhancers
#10
Gilson J Sanchez, Phillip A Richmond, Eric N Bunker, Samuel S Karman, Joseph Azofeifa, Aaron T Garnett, Quanbin Xu, Graycen E Wheeler, Cathryn M Toomey, Qinghong Zhang, Robin D Dowell, Xuedong Liu
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) are known to alter gene expression by both up- and down-regulation of protein-coding genes in normal and cancer cells. However, the exact regulatory mechanisms of action remain uncharacterized. Here we investigated genome wide dose-dependent epigenetic and transcriptome changes in response to HDACI largazole in a transformed and a non-transformed cell line. Exposure to low nanomolar largazole concentrations (<GI50) predominantly resulted in upregulation of gene transcripts whereas higher largazole doses (≥GI50) triggered a general decrease in mRNA accumulation...
December 12, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240850/hospitalist-and-internal-medicine-leaders-perspectives-of-early-discharge-challenges-at-academic-medical-centers
#11
Hemali Patel, Margaret C Fang, Michelle Mourad, Adrienne Green, Robert M Wachter, Ryan D Murphy, James D Harrison
Improving early discharges may improve patient flow and increase hospital capacity. We conducted a national survey of academic medical centers addressing the prevalence, importance, and effectiveness of early-discharge initiatives. We assembled a list of hospitalist and general internal medicine leaders at 115 US-based academic medical centers. We emailed each institutional representative a 30-item online survey regarding early-discharge initiatives. The survey included questions on discharge prioritization, the prevalence and effectiveness of early-discharge initiatives, and barriers to implementation...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240791/cross-sectional-interactions-between-quality-of-the-physical-and-social-environment-and-self-reported-physical-activity-in-adults-living-in-income-deprived-communities
#12
Alexia D M Sawyer, Russell Jones, Marcella Ucci, Lee Smith, Ade Kearns, Abi Fisher
BACKGROUND: Understanding the environmental determinants of physical activity in populations at high risk of inactivity could contribute to the development of effective interventions. Socioecological models of activity propose that environmental factors have independent and interactive effects of physical activity but there is a lack of research into interactive effects. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore independent and interactive effects of social and physical environmental factors on self-reported physical activity in income-deprived communities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240661/physical-restraint-use-with-elderly-patients-perceptions-of-nurses-and-nursing-assistants-in-spanish-acute-care-hospitals
#13
Emilio Fariña-López, Gabriel J Estévez-Guerra, M Luz Polo-Luque, Alica Hanzeliková Pogrányivá, Eva Penelo
BACKGROUND: Physical restraint is often used during the hospitalization of elderly people. However, this procedure is associated with adverse outcomes; therefore, it is necessary to be aware of the circumstances that promote restraint use, such as the perceptions of professionals who use it. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to determine the situations in which nursing staff considered the use of physical restraint as most important and to evaluate the possible associations with the sociodemographic and professional variables...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240630/in-vitro-characterization-of-the-pittsburgh-pediatric-ambulatory-lung
#14
Ryan A Orizondo, Alexandra G May, Shalv P Madhani, Brian J Frankowski, Greg W Burgreen, Peter D Wearden, William J Federspiel
Acute and chronic respiratory failure are a significant source of pediatric morbidity and mortality. Current respiratory support options used to bridge children to lung recovery or transplantation typically render them bedridden and can worsen long-term patient outcomes. The Pittsburgh Pediatric Ambulatory Lung (P-PAL) is a wearable pediatric blood pump and oxygenator (0.3 m surface area) integrated into a single compact unit that enables patient ambulation. The P-PAL is intended for long-term use and designed to provide up to 90% of respiratory support in children weighing 5-25 kg...
December 11, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240613/assessing-the-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-of-public-health-professionals-in-big-city-governmental-health-departments
#15
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240568/the-epidemiology-of-pediatric-head-injury-treated-outside-of-hospital-emergency-departments
#16
Cheryl K Zogg, R Sterling Haring, Likang Xu, Joseph K Canner, Hatim A AlSulaim, Zain G Hashmi, Ali Salim, Lilly D Engineer, Adil H Haider, Jeneita M Bell, Eric B Schneider
BACKGROUND: Although head trauma-related deaths, hospitalizations, and emergency department visits are well characterized, few studies describe pediatric patients presenting outside of emergency departments. We compared the epidemiology and extent of healthcare-seeking pediatric (0-17y) patients presenting in outpatient settings with those of patients seeking non-hospitalized emergency department care. METHODS: We used MarketScan Medicaid and commercial claims, 2004-2013, to identify patients managed in two outpatient settings (physician's offices/clinics, urgent care) and the emergency department...
December 13, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240302/correlation-between-sinus-and-lung-cultures-in-lung-transplant-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#17
Kevin J Choi, Tracy Z Cheng, Adam L Honeybrook, Alice L Gray, Laurie D Snyder, Scott M Palmer, Ralph Abi Hachem, David W Jang
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation has revolutionized the treatment of end-stage pulmonary disease due to cystic fibrosis. However, infection of the transplanted lungs can lead to serious complications, including graft failure and death. Although many of these patients have concurrent sinusitis, it is unclear whether bacteria from the sinuses can infect the allograft. METHODS: This is a single-institution retrospective study of all patients who underwent lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis from 2005 to 2015 at Duke University Hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240110/optimizing-alignment-and-growth-of-low-loss-yag-single-crystal-fibers-using-laser-heated-pedestal-growth-technique
#18
Subhabrata Bera, Craig D Nie, Michael G Soskind, James A Harrington
The effect of misalignments of different optical components in the laser heated pedestal growth apparatus have been modeled using Zemax optical design software. By isolating the misalignments causing the non-uniformity in the melt zone, the alignment of the components was fine-tuned. Using this optimized alignment, low-loss YAG single crystal fibers of 120 μm diameter were grown, with total attenuation loss as low as 0.5 dB/m at 1064 nm.
December 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240072/-varicose-veins-of-small-pelvis-as-a-cause-of-vulvar-varicosity-and-varicose-veins-of-lower-extremities
#19
REVIEW
S G Gavrilov, M D Temirbolatov
The article is a literature review presenting modern data on applied anatomy of the pelvic veins, diagnosis and treatment of pelvic varicose veins, pelviperineal reflux and vulvar varicosity, lower limb varicose veins, which were caused by pathological reflux from varicose pelvic veins. Presented is the information on tactical approaches in treatment of combined varicose veins of the pelvis and lower limbs, surgical decision-making for correction of pelviperineal reflux, methods of operative and phlebosclerosing interventions on pelvic and superficial veins of the perineum and lower limbs...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240061/-hybrid-treatment-of-patients-with-aneurysms-and-dissections-of-the-aortic-arch-and-descending-portion-of-the-thoracic-aorta
#20
V V Shlomin, M L Gordeev, D A Zverev, E A Shloĭdo, V E Uspenskiĭ, E D Zvereva, P B Bondarenko, P D Puzdriak
The authors share herein their experience with hybrid surgical treatment of 21 patients presenting with lesions of the aortic arch and descending thoracic aorta. Aortic pathology included dissection of the thoracoabdominal aorta (n=15), a sacciform aneurysm of the aortic arch (n=5), and a spindle-shaped aneurysm of the distal portions of the aortic arch (n=1). The first stage consisted of the following operations: transposition of the left subclavian artery into the left common carotid artery (n=9; 42.8%), partial debranching (n=11; 52...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
111330
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"