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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092400/aging-the-medical-subspecialties-and-career-development-where-we-were-where-we-are-going
#1
Arti Hurria, Kevin P High, Lona Mody, Frances McFarland Horne, Marcus Escobedo, Jeffrey Halter, William Hazzard, Kenneth Schmader, Heidi Klepin, Sei Lee, Una E Makris, Michael W Rich, Stephanie Rogers, Jocelyn Wiggins, Rachael Watman, Jennifer Choi, Nancy Lundebjerg, Susan Zieman
Historically, the medical subspecialties have not focused on the needs of older adults. This has changed with the implementation of initiatives to integrate geriatrics and aging research into the medical and surgical subspecialties and with the establishment of a home for internal medicine specialists within the annual American Geriatrics Society (AGS) meeting. With the support of AGS, other professional societies, philanthropies, and federal agencies, efforts to integrate geriatrics into the medical and surgical subspecialties have focused largely on training the next generation of physicians and researchers...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089741/inflammatory-myopathy-in-a-patient-with-aicardi-gouti%C3%A3-res-syndrome
#2
Birutė Tumienė, Norine Voisin, Eglė Preikšaitienė, Donatas Petroška, Jurgita Grikinienė, Rūta Samaitienė, Algirdas Utkus, Alexandre Reymond, Vaidutis Kučinskas
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is an inflammatory disorder belonging to the recently characterized group of type I interferonopathies. The most consistently affected tissues in AGS are the central nervous system and skin, but various organ systems and tissues have been reported to be affected, pointing to the systemic nature of the disease. Here we describe a patient with AGS due to a homozygous p.Arg114His mutation in the TREX1 gene. The histologically proven inflammatory myopathy in our patient expands the range of clinical features of AGS...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088532/comparison-of-an-anaerobic-feed-and-split-anaerobic-aerobic-feed-on-granular-sludge-development-performance-and-ecology
#3
Benjamin J Thwaites, Petra Reeve, Nirmala Dinesh, Michael D Short, Ben van den Akker
The retrofitting of existing wastewater sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) to select for rapid-settling aerobic granular sludge (AGS) over floc-based conventional activated sludge (CAS), could be a viable option to decrease reactor cycle time and increase hydraulic capacity. Successful CAS-to-AGS conversion has previously been shown to be highly dependent on having a dedicated anaerobic feed, which presents additional engineering challenges when retrofitting SBRs. In this study we compared the performance of a split anaerobic-aerobic (An-Aer) feed with that of a traditional dedicated anaerobic feed regarding AGS formation and stability, nitrogen removal performance and microbial ecology...
December 29, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087665/nkg2d-promotes-b1a-cell-development-and-protection-against-bacterial-infection
#4
Maja Lenartić, Vedrana Jelenčić, Biljana Zafirova, Mateja Ožanič, Valentina Marečić, Slaven Jurković, Veronika Sexl, Marina Šantić, Felix M Wensveen, Bojan Polić
NKG2D is a potent activating receptor that is expressed on cytotoxic immune cells such as CD8 T and NK cells, where it promotes cytotoxicity after binding stress ligands on infected or transformed cells. On NK cell precursors NKG2D modulates proliferation and maturation. Previously, we observed that NKG2D deficiency affects peripheral B cell numbers. In this study, we show that NKG2D regulates B1a cell development and function. We find that mice deficient for NKG2D have a strong reduction of B1a cell numbers...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077837/curcumin-inhibits-gastric-carcinoma-cell-growth-and-induces-apoptosis-by-suppressing-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#5
Ruzhen Zheng, Qinghua Deng, Yuehua Liu, Pengjun Zhao
BACKGROUND Curcumin has well-known, explicit biological anti-tumor properties. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a central role in tumor cell proliferation and curcumin can regulate the Wnt/b-catenin signaling pathway of several carcinomas. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of curcumin on the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in human gastric cancer cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS We used 3 gastric cancer cell lines: SNU-1, SNU-5, and AGS. Research methods used were MTT assay, flow cytometry, clonogenic assay, annexin V/PI method, Western blotting analysis, tumor formation assay, and in vivo in the TUNEL assay...
January 12, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077118/malat1-promoted-invasiveness-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#6
Na Keum Lee, Jung Hwa Lee, Cristina Ivan, Hui Ling, Xinna Zhang, Chan Hyuk Park, George A Calin, Sang Kil Lee
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer globally, and the mechanism of its pathogenesis is still largely unknown. Recently, non-coding RNAs have been recognized to promote metastasis in various cancers, including gastric cancer. METHODS: We found that metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript-1 (MALAT1) is upregulated in gastric cancer tissue compared to adjacent normal tissue, as determined by microarray and subsequent qRT-PCR, then investigated the impact of MALAT1 on apoptosis, cell proliferation, and the cell cycle to dissect the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer, and examined mechanisms of invasion and metastasis...
January 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074048/elmenols-c-h-new-angucycline-derivatives-isolated-from-a-culture-of-streptomyces-sp-ifm-11490
#7
Yixizhuoma, Naoki Ishikawa, Mohamed S Abdelfattah, Masami Ishibashi
Chemical investigations of the ethyl acetate extract of Streptomyces sp. IFM 11490 have led to the isolation of six new angucycline metabolites, named elmenols C-H (1-6), along with the previously reported elmonin (7) and elmenols A (8) and B (9). The known LS1924A (10), 6-deoxy-8-methylrabelomycin (11), tetrangulol methyl ether (12) and angucyclinone (13) were additionally identified. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by means of spectroscopic methods including UV, IR, HRESIMS, and 1D and 2D NMR...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062694/effective-combination-of-innate-and-adaptive-immunotherapeutic-approaches-in-a-mouse-melanoma-model
#8
Alexander L Rakhmilevich, Mildred Felder, Lauren Lever, Jacob Slowinski, Kayla Rasmussen, Anna Hoefges, Tyler J Van De Voort, Hans Loibner, Alan J Korman, Stephen D Gillies, Paul M Sondel
Most cancer immunotherapies include activation of either innate or adaptive immune responses. We hypothesized that the combined activation of both innate and adaptive immunity will result in better antitumor efficacy. We have previously shown the synergy of an agonistic anti-CD40 mAb (anti-CD40) and CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides in activating macrophages to induce tumor cell killing in mice. Separately, we have shown that a direct intratumoral injection of immunocytokine (IC), an anti-GD2 Ab linked to IL-2, can activate T and NK cells resulting in antitumor effects...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042090/upregulation-of-microrna-574-3p-in-a-human-gastric-cancer-cell-line-ags-by-tgf-%C3%AE-1
#9
Renwen Zhang, Mingqi Wang, Pengcheng Sui, Lei Ding, Qing Yang
The mechanisms that regulate miR-574-3p expression in cells remain elusive. In the present study, we used real-time PCR assay to demonstrate TGF-β1-induced miR-574-3p upregulation in AGS cells, which was inhibited by TGF-β receptor I inhibitor SB431542. We used a computer search to identify Smad binding sites upstream of the miR-574-3p precursor sequence. We demonstrated that silencing Smad4, but not Smad2 or Smad3, significantly inhibited the TGF-β1-induced miR-574-3p upregulation in AGS cells. Furthermore, TGF-β1 significantly increased the activity of a dual-luciferase reporter that contains the Smad binding sites upstream of the miR-574 precursor sequence...
December 29, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032027/valosin-containing-protein-is-a-target-of-5-l-fuligocandin%C3%A2-b-and-enhances-trail-resistance-in-cancer-cells
#10
Midori A Arai, Shota Taguchi, Kazuhiro Komatsuzaki, Kento Uchiyama, Ayaka Masuda, Mana Sampei, Mamoru Satoh, Sayaka Kado, Masami Ishibashi
Fuligocandin B (2) is a novel natural product that can overcome TRAIL resistance. We synthesized enatiomerically pure fuligocandin B (2) and its derivative 5'-I fuligocandin B (4), and found that the latter had an improved biological activity against the human gastric cancer cell line, AGS. We attached a biotin linker and photoactivatable aryl diazirine group to 5'-I fuligocandin B (4), and employed a pull-down assay to identify valosin-containing protein (VCP/p97), an AAA ATPase, as a 5'-I fuligocandin B (4) target protein...
December 2016: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031283/diversification-of-the-alpb-outer-membrane-protein-of-helicobacter-pylori-affects-biofilm-formation-and-cellular-adhesion
#11
Hideo Yonezawa, Takako Osaki, Toshiyuki Fukutomi, Tomoko Hanawa, Satoshi Kurata, Cynthia Zaman, Fuhito Hojo, Shigeru Kamiya
Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common causes of bacterial infection in humans and forms biofilms on human gastric mucosal epithelium as well as on in vitro abiotic surfaces. Bacterial biofilm is critical not only for environmental survival but also for successful infection. We previously demonstrated that strain TK1402, which was isolated from a Japanese patient with duodenal and gastric ulcers, has a high biofilm forming ability in vitro relative to other strains. In addition, we showed that outer membrane vesicles (OMV) play an important role in biofilm formation...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017536/toxicological-potential-of-acyl-glucuronides-and-its-assessment
#12
REVIEW
Atsushi Iwamura, Miki Nakajima, Shingo Oda, Tsuyoshi Yokoi
Idiosyncratic drug toxicity (IDT) is a serious problem in drug development. Reactive metabolites are postulated to be one of the causes for IDT. Conjugated metabolites are generally non-reactive except for acyl glucuronides (AGs), which are sufficiently reactive to covalently bind to endogenous proteins. Thus, it has been suggested that AGs would contribute to IDT caused by carboxylic acid-containing drugs. Glucuronidation of a carboxylate residue is catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A and 2B isoforms...
November 23, 2016: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003581/triterpenes-suppress-octanoylated-ghrelin-production-in-ghrelin-expressing-human-gastric-carcinoma-cells
#13
Kensuke Nakajima, Shigeru Oiso, Takuhiro Uto, Osamu Morinaga, Yukihiro Syoyama, Hiroko Kariyazono
Ghrelin is an appetite-stimulating peptide hormone with an octanoyl modification at serine 3 that is essential for its orexigenic effect. Ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT) is the enzyme that catalyzes ghrelin acylation using fatty acyl-coenzyme A as a substrate. We previously developed an assay system based on the AGS-GHRL8 cell line that produces octanoylated ghrelin in the presence of octanoic acid, and demonstrated that some fatty acids suppressed octanoylated ghrelin production. Recent studies have reported that triterpenes have anti-obesity effect...
2016: Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000850/fas-expression-is-downregulated-in-gastric-cancer
#14
Xuming Wang, Zhengqi Fu, Ying Chen, Lijiang Liu
The aim of the present study was to investigate Fas expression in tumor samples from patients with gastric cancer, in order to determine the involvement of the Fas signaling pathway. The protein expression levels of Fas, caspase-8, caspase‑3 and poly (adenosine diphosphate‑ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) were examined in gastric cancer specimens and their associations with clinical pathological parameters were analyzed with immunohistochemical staining and western blot analysis. The mRNA expression was quantified with quantitative PCR and apoptosis was examined with a FACScan flow cytometer...
February 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998431/-expression-of-long-noncoding-rna-stcat3-in-gastric-cancer-tissues-and-its-effect-on-malignant-phenotype-of-gastric-cancer-cells
#15
J F Zhang, Z S Sun, Q F Zhang, W F Ding, X H Wu, Z B Mao
Objective: To detect the expression of long noncoding RNA(lncRNA)stomach cancer-associated transcript-3(STCAT3) in gastric cancer tissues, adjacent tissues, human gastric cancer cell lines and normal gastric epithelial cell lines, and to investigate the relationship between STCAT3 expression and clinicopathological features and malignant phenotype of gastric cancer. Methods: Quantitative fluorescent real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to detect the lncRNA STCAT3 expression levels in gastric cancer tissues, paired adjacent non-tumorous tissues, in order to explore the relationship between STCAT3 expression and clinicopathological features of gastric cancer...
December 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997887/bleomycin-suppresses-the-proliferation-and-the-mobility-of-human-gastric-cancer-cells-through-the-smad-signaling-pathway
#16
Jin-Fang Liu, Xiao-Cui Nie, You-Cheng Shao, Wen-Hui Su, Hai-Ying Ma, Xiao-Yan Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Extensive studies have demonstrated that Bleomycin (BLM) is a glycopeptide antibiotic that has been used as an anticancer chemotherapeutic reagent. It can induce both single- and double-strand DNA damage, inhibit synthesis of DNA, suppress proliferation, and induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Smad signaling transducers are considered as important molecules in tumor development and progression, and may closely be related to the biological behaviors of some malignant carcinomas, including gastric cancer...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996371/the-simple-and-multidimensional-method-of-pain-reduction-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-prospective-controlled-trial
#17
Eun Young Kim, Young Kyoung You, Dong Goo Kim, Tae Ho Hong
BACKGROUND: Herein, we evaluate the effect of pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) of various intraoperative maneuvers through a prospective randomized study and identify the synergistic effects of combined maneuvers compared with a single maneuver that was shown to be useful in a previous report. METHODS: Fifty-one patients who were scheduled for elective LC were randomly allocated to group A (26 patients, on whom were performed the combined maneuver) or group B (25 patients, no maneuvers)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993512/audiogenic-seizure-activity-following-hsv-1-gad65-sense-or-antisense-injection-into-inferior-colliculus-of-long-evans-rat
#18
James R Coleman, Karen C Thompson, Marlene A Wilson, Steven P Wilson
Herpes virus technology involving manipulation of GAD65 was used to study effects on audiogenic seizures (AGS). Audiogenic seizure behaviors were examined following injections of replication-defective herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) vectors incorporating sense or antisense toward GAD65 along with 10% lac-Z into the central nucleus of inferior colliculus (CNIC) of Long-Evans rats. In seizure-sensitive animals developmentally primed by intense sound exposure, injection of GAD65 in the sense orientation increased wild running latencies and reduced incidence of clonus compared with lac-Z only, unoperated, and vehicle seizure groups...
December 16, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991862/fluorescent-aminoglycosides-reveal-intracellular-trafficking-routes-in-mechanosensory-hair-cells
#19
Dale W Hailey, Robert Esterberg, Tor H Linbo, Edwin W Rubel, David W Raible
Aminoglycosides (AGs) are broad-spectrum antibiotics that are associated with kidney damage, balance disorders, and permanent hearing loss. This damage occurs primarily by killing of proximal tubule kidney cells and mechanosensory hair cells, though the mechanisms underlying cell death are not clear. Imaging molecules of interest in living cells can elucidate how molecules enter cells, traverse intracellular compartments, and interact with sites of activity. Here, we have imaged fluorescently labeled AGs in live zebrafish mechanosensory hair cells...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988469/comparative-study-of-the-role-of-extracellular-polymeric-substances-in-biosorption-of-ni-ii-onto-aerobic-anaerobic-granular-sludge
#20
Na Li, Dong Wei, Shaotong Wang, Lihua Hu, Weiying Xu, Bin Du, Qin Wei
This study was carried out to comparatively evaluate the role of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in biosorption of Ni(II) onto aerobic/anaerobic granular sludge (AGS and AnGS). Batch sorption experiments data suggested that Ni(II) sorption onto AGS and AnGS were better fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich model, respectively. The contribution of EPS in the sorption of AnGS was higher than that of AGS. Interaction between EPS and Ni(II) was investigated by a combined three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM), synchronous fluorescence spectra, two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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