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diazepam in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Prasoon Gupta, Anudeep Saxena, Lalita Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Preoperative medication has a vital role in anesthesia. Pregabalin (PG) is a newer drug of gabapentinoid class and is six times more potent than gabapentin. Our study was designed to evaluate the effect of PG as premedication on the perioperative anesthetic requirement and analgesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on ninety patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I and II of age group 20-60 years, allocated to one of the three groups of thirty patients each...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Trichak Sandhu, Sahattaya Paiboonworachat, Wasana Ko-iam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of preemptive etoricoxib compared with placebo in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study enrolled 120 patients requiring elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The patients were randomized to receive either etoricoxib 120 mg plus diazepam or placebo plus diazepam. Postoperatively, the visual analog score (VAS) for pain, the rescue morphine requirement, and the side effects were recorded...
January 2011: Surgical Endoscopy
E L Dolbneva
Choice of induction agent is the decisive factor in utilization of a laryngeal mask (LM) under spontaneous respiration, as insufficient relaxation and unwanted laryngopharyngeal reflexes deteriorate the efficiency of LM functioning during operation and anesthesia. 132 anesthesias with LM were performed, 86 of these for laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LCE) (group 1) and 42 for saphenectomies (group 2). Control group consisted of 60 patients anesthetized for LCE by means of an endotracheal tube (ETT). Combined induction intravenous anesthesia with ketamine, barbiturates, and diprivan was used in group 1 and controls...
September 2000: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
E L Dolbneva, A A Buniatian
This study was aimed at assessing the airtightness of the airways during the use of a laryngeal mask (LM) under conditions of myoplegia and traditional forced ventilation of the lungs (FVL) with carboperitoneum (CP) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCE). A total of 146 anesthesias for LCE were carried out using LM (n = 86) or endotracheal tube (ETT) (n = 60). The groups did not differ by the demographic characteristics or concomitant diseases. After premedication and induction of anesthesia it was maintained with N2O:O2--2/1 (Fi O2 = 0...
September 1997: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
A A Buniatian, E L Dolbneva
The problem of using a laryngeal mask (LM) under total myorelaxation and artificial pulmonary ventilation (APV) is still topical and unsolved. A hundred and forty six anesthesias for laparoscopic cholecystectomy by employing LM in 86 patients or endotracheal tube (ETT) in 60 were comparatively evaluated. Anesthesia included premedication (diazepam, dimedrol, atropine, the H2-blocking agent ranitidine), induction (ketamine, barbiturates and propofol in combination with diazepam and fentanyl; the NMBs pipecuronium bromide and succinylcholine), maintenance (N20:O2 = 2:1...
1997: Vestnik Rossiń≠skoń≠ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
C Abballe, D Camaioni, A Mascaro, M Boccardi, M Evangelista
A study carried out on 44 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy was started in order to evaluate if nitrous oxide is or not contraindicated. The patients were divided in two groups of 22 subjects receiving or not nitrous oxide in the anaesthetic mixture. All the patients received the same preanaesthetic medication (diazepam and atrophine), thiopental and fentanyl as induction drugs, vecuronium as muscle relaxant and isoflurane for maintenance of anaesthesia. Bowel distension, technical difficulty, incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting were examined...
December 1993: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
A Pasqualucci, R Contardo, U Da Broi, F Colo, G Terrosu, A Donini, M Sorrentino, A Pasetto, F Bresadola
This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was designed to evaluate the effects on postoperative pain of the local anesthetic, 0.5% bupivacaine with epinephrine, sprayed hepatodiaphragmatically under the surgeon's direct view during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Metabolic endocrine responses to surgery (glucose and cortisol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug requirements were investigated, as well as the presence of nausea, vomiting, and sweating. Local anesthetics or placebo solutions were given as follows...
December 1994: Journal of Laparoendoscopic Surgery
K Nomura, H Arita, K Hanaoka
A 55-year-old female with dilated cardiomyopathy was scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia. Pre-operative tests revealed abnormal ECG and hypokinesis of left ventricular wall motion on echocardiography. A detailed medical examination resulted in the diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy, although there was a very mild decrease in cardiac function. We determined that laparoscopic cholecystectomy could be safely carried out under general anesthesia if pneumoperitoneum pressure was kept low...
August 1995: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
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