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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636151/method-of-teaching-undergraduate-students-to-perform-root-canal-treatment-it-s-influence-on-the-quality-of-root-fillings
#1
A Baaij, A R Özok
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess whether the method of teaching endodontology influenced the quality of root fillings made by undergraduate students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method of teaching endodontology at our institution was revised. Changes concerned: the programme (ie method of clinical training and summative assessment), and the supervision whilst performing root canal treatment on patients. An intermediate cohort (N=91) comprised partly students attending the former programme (involving patients) and partly students attending the revised programme (without patients)...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635100/a-new-system-for-classifying-accessory-canal-morphology
#2
REVIEW
H M A Ahmed, P Neelakantan, P M H Dummer
Thorough knowledge of the anatomical complexities of the root canal system has a direct impact on the effectiveness of canal preparation and filling, and is an essential prerequisite for successful root canal treatment. A wide range of complex variations in root canal anatomy exists, including root canal configuration type, developmental anomalies and more minor canal morphology such as accessory canals and apical deltas. Accessory canals and apical deltas have been associated with pulp disease, primary canal infection, canal reinfection and post-treatment disease...
June 21, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631551/apical-microleakage-in-root-canals-obturated-with-2-different-endodontic-sealer-systems-in-canine-teeth-of-dogs
#3
Chad W Lothamer, Ashley Anderson, Scott J Hetzel, Alex I Adrian, Christopher Snyder, Stephanie Goldschmidt, Jason W Soukup
An apical dye leakage test was utilized to compare 2 endodontic sealer systems commonly used in veterinary endodontic treatment. Rotary instrumentation followed by injection of 2 different sealers (GuttaFlow 2 and AH Plus) and a single master cone obturation technique were compared. Following obturation and restoration, specimens were immersed in India ink for 48 hours. A tooth mineral clearing technique was utilized to render the tooth samples transparent. Subsequently, the apices were evaluated for prevalence and magnitude of apical dye penetration under magnification...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631535/high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-exposing-facial-nerve-zonal-vulnerability-to-microbleeds-a-rare-cause-of-facial-palsy
#4
Charlie Chia-Tsong Hsu, Dalveer Singh, Trevor William Watkins, Gigi Nga Chi Kwan, Sachintha Hapugoda
Background We report a case of hypertensive microbleeds strategically located at the attached segment (AS) and root entry zone (REZ) at the left facial nerve causing facial paralysis. Case Report A 60-year-old woman presented with sudden onset left facial paralysis. Medical history was significant for poorly controlled hypertension secondary to bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (primary hyperaldosteronism). The patient was initially treated for presumptive Bell's palsy. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and internal auditory canal showed two microbleeds at the left cerebellopontine angle...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627377/mikania-glomerata-sprengel-extract-and-its-major-compound-ent-kaurenoic-acid-display-activity-against-bacteria-present-in-endodontic-infections
#5
Dora Lúcia Carrara Moreti, Luís Fernando Leandro, Thaís da Silva Moraes, Monique Rodrigues Moreira, Rodrigo Cassio Sola Veneziani, Sergio Ricardo Ambrosio, Brenda Paula Figueiredo Almeida Gomes, Carlos Henrique Gomes Martins
The search for new, effective and safe antimicrobial compounds from plant sources has continued to play an important role in the maintenance of human health since ancient times. Such compounds can be used to help to eradicate microorganisms from the root canal system, preventing/healing periapical diseases. Mikania glomerata (Spreng.), commonly known as "guaco," is a native climbing plant from Brazil that displays a wide range of pharmacological properties. Many of its activities have been attributed to its phytochemical composition, which is mainly composed of diterpenes, such as ent-kaurenoic acid (KA)...
June 13, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626288/assessment-of-radicular-dentin-permeability-after-irradiation-with-co2-laser-and-endodontic-irrigation-treatments-with-thermal-imaging
#6
Heajin Cho, Robert C Lee, Kenneth H Chan, Daniel Fried
Previous studies have demonstrated that the permeability changes due to the surface modification of dentin can be quantified via thermal imaging during dehydration. The CO2 laser has been shown to remove the smear layer and disinfect root canals. Moreover, thermal modification via CO2 laser irradiation can be used to convert dentin into a highly mineralized enamel-like mineral. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the radicular dentin surface modification after CO2 laser irradiation by measuring the permeability with thermal imaging...
January 28, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623801/dna-analysis-of-root-canal-filled-teeth
#7
Hikaru Izawa, Hirofumi Tsutsumi, Sayaka Maruyama, Toshinobu Komuro
Teeth are markedly useful as samples for DNA analysis; however, intact teeth are not always available. This study examined the possibility of identifying autosomal and Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) types in samples from 34 teeth (15 intact and 19 root canal filled) that had been preserved for 10-33years after dental extraction. The aim was to explore the feasibility of individual identification by DNA analysis of samples obtained from highly decomposed and skeletonized corpses. Only one out of 24 autosomal STR loci was not identified in two of the 15 intact teeth, whereas all 23 loci of the Y chromosome STR were detected...
May 10, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622484/bactericidal-effect-of-er-yag-laser-activated-sodium-hypochlorite-irrigation-against-biofilms-of-enterococcus-faecalis-isolate-from-canal-of-root-filled-teeth-with-periapical-lesions
#8
Xiaogang Cheng, Doudou Xiang, Wenxi He, Jun Qiu, Bing Han, Qing Yu, Yu Tian
OBJECTIVE: This study was to evaluate the bactericidal effect of Er:YAG laser-activated sodium hypochlorite irrigation (Er:YAG + NaOCl) on biofilms of Enterococcus faecalis clinical isolate. BACKGROUND DATA: It was reported that Er:YAG + NaOCl had effective bactericidal effect on laboratory-adapted E. faecalis strain, while no study has reported its effect on the clinical isolate. METHODS: Eighteen E. faecalis strains were isolated from 39 root-filled teeth with periapical lesions, and their biofilm formation abilities were evaluated using the crystal violet staining method...
June 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621288/photodvnamic-therapy-in-endodontics
#9
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
Commonly used irrigants do not always eradicate the entire microbial flora in infected root canals. Therefore, several other strategies, such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) have been developed. Photoactivated disinfection is based on the interaction of a photosensitive antibacterial agent and a light source. It uses a nontoxic dye named photosensitizer (PS) and low-intensity visible light. In oxygen presentation, these combine to produce some cytotoxic species. The PS molecules attach to bacteria membrane. Irradiation with a specific wavelength of the light may lead to the production of singlet oxygen, resulting in rupture of the microbial cell wall...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621286/endodontic-management-of-dilacerated-maxillary-central-incisor-fused-to-a-supernumerary-tooth-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-an-unusual-clinical-presentation
#10
Thilla S Vinothkumar, Deivanayagam Kandaswamy, Ganesh Arathi, Sathishkumar Ramkumar, Gnanasekaran Felsypremila
AIM: The purpose of this report is to present a case of endodontic management of a dilacerated maxillary central incisor fused to supernumerary tooth unusually appearing as a labial tubercle using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as a diagnostic aid. BACKGROUND: Anterior teeth are commonly encountered with aberrant anatomical variations in the crown, number of roots, and root canals. Fusion is an infrequent developmental abnormality in shape of the tooth caused by the union of two adjacent tooth germs...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621279/comparative-evaluation-of-stress-developed-on-rotary-retreatment-instruments-during-retrieval-of-gutta-percha
#11
Dhanasekaran Sihivahanan, T Vinay Kumar Reddy, Anchu Rachel Thomas, Natarajan Senthilnathan, Murali Sivakumar, Sushmita Shivanna
AIM: The aim of the study is to compare the maximum stress distribution on the rotary retreatment instruments within the root canal at cervical, middle, and the apical one-third during retreatment of gutta-percha. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A human mandibular premolar was scanned, and three-dimensional geometry of the root was reconstructed using finite element analysis (FEA) software package (ANSYS). The basic model was kept unchanged; tooth models were created using the same dimensions and divided into two groups as follows: Group I: ProTaper Universal retreatment system and group II: Mtwo rotary retreatment system...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621275/measure-and-compare-the-degree-of-root-canal-transportation-and-canal-centering-ability-of-twisted-protaper-and-conventional-stainless-steel-k-files-using-spiral-computed-tomography-an-in-vitro-study
#12
F Rejula, R Christalin, Waseem Ahmed, Shiji Dinakaran, Anupama S Gopinathan, Anulekh Babu
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare canal transportation and centering ability of Twisted files (TF) and ProTaper (PT) files with conventional stainless steel (SS) K files. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty mandibular premolar teeth with root curvature of 25 to 35° were selected. The samples were randomly divided into three groups of 10 each according to the type of files used for instrumentation. Group I was instrumented using TF, group II with PT files according to the manufacturer's recommendations, and group III with samples prepared with pre-curved SS K files using a step-back technique...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620977/2016-ase-undergraduate-essay-competition-candidate-information
#13
Alice Chen
The aim of this review is to discuss the role of medicaments and materials used in teeth undergoing root canal treatment and how they affect the overall prognosis of root canal treated teeth. Irrigants, medicaments and materials play a vital role in RCT. They reduce the overall microbial load within the root canal system, help reduce inter-appointment pain, and induce apexification during RCT of permanent teeth with immature apices. In addition, they also help create a hermetic coronal and periradicular seal to entomb any residual microorganisms within the canals and prevent future ingress of contaminants into the root canal system and subsequent reinfection...
June 15, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620636/a-scanning-electron-microscopic-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-etidronic-acid-smearclear-and-mtad-in-removing-the-intracanal-smear-layer
#14
Hemant Kumar Yadav, Rakesh Kumar Yadav, Anil Chandra, Aseem Prakash Tikku
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Root canal therapy should not simply be the extirpation of the pulp and widening of the canal. But one should also focus on how to completely remove the loosely-attached smear layer because it has adverse effects on the final outcome of the treatment. PURPOSE: This study compared the efficacy of Etidronic acid, SmearClear and MTAD to remove the smear layer created during instrumentation in different regions of the root canal. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Fifty single-rooted mandibular premolars were decoronated from the cementoenamel junction and instrumented using the ProTaper universal rotary file system along with copious irrigation by 1...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620615/component-release-and-mechanical-properties-of-endodontic-sealers-following-incorporation-of-antimicrobial-agents
#15
Elizabeta S Gjorgievska, John W Nicholson, Nichola J Coleman, Samantha Booth, Aleksandar Dimkov, Andrew Hurt
Root canal sealers with antimicrobial activity are highly beneficial; therefore, their antimicrobial properties could be improved by incorporation of antimicrobial agents. In the present study, the release of the quaternary ammonium compounds from endodontic sealers admixed with either benzalkonium chloride (BC) or cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) at loadings of 2% wt was monitored. The effect of these additives on the compressive strengths and their release from the sealers was determined after 1 and 4 weeks...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619615/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-activity-of-association-of-chlorhexidine-to-photosensitizer-used-in-photodynamic-therapy-in-root-canals-infected-by-enterococcus-faecalis
#16
Matheus Albino Souza, Guilherme Lima, Bianca Pazinatto, Karolina Frick Bischoff, Huriel Scartazzini Palhano, Doglas Cecchin
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in vitro, the influence of the addition of chlorhexidine to photosensitiser in the antimicrobial activity of photodynamic therapy in root canals infected by Enterococcus faecalis. METHODS: the root canals of 50 single-rooted human extracted teeth were enlarged up to a file F3 of Pro-Taper system, autoclaved, inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis and incubated for 14 days. The samples were divided into five groups (n=10) according to the protocol of decontamination: G1 (control group) - no procedure was performed; G2-photosensitiser (0...
June 12, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619613/does-supplemental-photodynamic-therapy-optimize-the-disinfection-of-bacteria-and-endotoxins-in-one-visit-and-two-visit-root-canal-therapy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Diego G D Rabello, Bruna J M Corazza, Luciana L Ferreira, Mauro P Santamaria, Ana P M Gomes, Frederico C Martinho
AIM: to evaluate the effectiveness of supplemental photodynamic therapy (PDT) in optimizing the removal of bacteria and endotoxins from primarily infected root canals after one-visit and two-visit treatments. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-four primarily infected root canals with apical periodontitis were selected and randomly divided into one-visit (n=12) and two-visit treatment groups (n=12). Chemo-mechanical preparation (CMP) was performed by using the single-file reciprocating technique+2...
June 12, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615078/characterisation-of-roseomonas-mucosa-isolated-from-the-root-canal-of-an-infected-tooth
#18
Nina Diesendorf, Stefanie Köhler, Walter Geißdörfer, Tanja Grobecker-Karl, Matthias Karl, Andreas Burkovski
OBJECTIVE: The genus Roseomonas comprises a group of pink-pigmented, slow-growing, aerobic, non-fermentative Gram-negative bacteria, which have been isolated from environmental sources such as water and soil, but are also associated with human infections. In the study presented here, Roseomonas mucosa was identified for the first time as part of the endodontic microbiota of an infected root canal and characterised in respect to growth, antibiotic susceptibility and biofilm formation. RESULTS: The isolated R...
June 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611329/comparative-evaluation-of-shaping-ability-of-v-taper-2h-protaper-next-and-hyflex-cm-in-curved-canals-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Pratima Ramakrishna Shenoi, Disha Anand Luniya, Gautam Pyarelal Badole, Chetana Sachin Makade, Rajesh Kubde, Rajiv Tarachand Khode
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the canal transportation and canal centering ability in the preparation of curved root canals after instrumentation with V-Taper 2H, ProTaper Next (PN), and Hyflex CM files using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty mesiobuccal canals of mandibular molars with an angle of curvature ranging from 20 to 40 were divided according to the instrument used in canal preparation into three groups of ten samples each: V-Taper 2H (Group 1), PN (Group 2), and Hyflex CM (Group 3)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611328/volumetric-analysis-of-root-filling-with-cold-lateral-compaction-obtura-ii-thermafil-and-calamus-using-spiral-computerized-tomography-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Divya Jindal, Medhavi Sharma, Deepak Raisingani, Anupama Swarnkar, Mridu Pant, Rachit Mathur
AIM: The aim of the present study is volumetric analysis of root canal filling with cold lateral compaction, Obtura II, Thermafil, and Calamus using spiral computerized tomography (SCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Root canals of eighty mandibular premolars were instrumented using rotary ProTaper, and the volume of the canal space was measured using spiral computerized tomography (SCT). The teeth were divided into four groups of twenty teeth each, and root canals filled by lateral compaction technique, Thermafil carriers, Obtura II, and Calamus techniques, respectively...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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