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Electroneuromyography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417423/dysphagia-in-myasthenia-gravis-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#1
Ebru Karaca Umay, Fatih Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Fatma Balli, Erhan Ozturk, Ozgur Karaahmet, Yasemin Eren, Tijen Ceylan
We evaluated swallowing function in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) with or without dysphagia symptoms using different evaluation parameters and compared the results with those of healthy subjects. A total of 36 patients with MG and 25 healthy volunteers were included in the study. The subjects were classified into three groups; patients without dysphagia (group 1), patients with dysphagia (group 2), and healthy participants (group 3). The presence and severity of dysphagia, the oropharyngeal, pharyngeal, pharyngoesophageal, and esophageal phases were assessed using a screening test, manometric test, electrophysiologic studies [electroneuromyography (EMG)], fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), and barium swallow pharyngeal esophagography (BSPE), respectively...
February 7, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320842/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-hiv-positive-patients-coinfected-with-hcv
#2
A Mastroianni, F Allegrini, S Nardi, D Donatucci, F Girelli, C Guidi
A wide range of rheumatic and peripheral nervous system disorders may develop in patients with HIV infection, leading to pain, sensory symptoms, and muscle weakness. Over the past three decades, the progress in management of HIV disease with anti-retroviral therapy (ART) has resulted in increased life expectancy for people living with HIV disease. With this new chronicity of the disease has a constellation of chronic musculoskeletal, orthopaedic and rheumatic manifestations has emerged, as potential complications of the disease itself and/or the results of ART treatment regimen and/or because of expected age-related symptoms/manifestations...
December 21, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189887/eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-without-respiratory-symptoms-or-asthma-in-an-adolescent-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Gülçin Otar Yener, Zahide Ekici Tekin, Neşe Çallı Demirkan, Selçuk Yüksel
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), also known as Churg-Strauss syndrome, is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis of the small and medium vessels. It is primarily associated with respiratory conditions such as asthma and sinusitis as well as eosinophilia, neuropathy, pulmonary infiltrates, and vasculitis. EGPA is extremely rare in the pediatric age group, and respiratory system disorders are usually predominant in EGPA patients. A 14-year-old boy presented with rash and severe extremity pain...
November 30, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176796/revisiting-primary-neural-leprosy-clinical-serological-molecular-and-neurophysiological-aspects
#4
Diogo Fernandes Dos Santos, Matheus Rocha Mendonça, Douglas Eulálio Antunes, Elaine Fávaro Pípi Sabino, Raquel Campos Pereira, Luiz Ricardo Goulart, Isabela Maria Bernardes Goulart
BACKGROUND: Leprosy neuropathy is considered the most common peripheral neuropathy of infectious etiology worldwide, representing a public health problem. Clinical diagnosis of primary neural leprosy (PNL) is challenging, since no skin lesions are found and the slit skin smear bacilloscopy is negative. However, there are still controversial concepts regarding the primary-neural versus pure-neural leprosy definition, which will be explored by using multiple clinical-laboratory analyses in this study...
November 27, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142848/injury-of-the-external-branch-of-the-superior-laryngeal-nerve-in-thyroid-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Andre S Potenza, Vergilius J F Araujo Filho, Claudio R Cernea
The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) innervates the cricothyroid muscle (CTM) to promote lengthening and thinning of the vocal fold, thus increasing voice pitch. The close relation with the superior thyroid vessels (STV) puts the EBSLN in risk every time the superior pole of the thyroid is dissected. It travels downward to innervate the CTM, lateral to the thyroid cartilage and to the inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle (IPCM), being eventually covered by this muscle fibers as it approaches its entry point...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133708/demonstration-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury-using-quantitative-sudomotor-axon-reflex-test-preliminary-results
#6
Satyakam Baruah, Akhil Deepika, Dhaval Shukla, Bhagavatula Indira Devi, Veeramani Preethish-Kumar, Talakad N Sathyaprabha
OBJECTIVE: To objectively document autonomic dysfunction in the affected arm with traumatic brachial plexus injury (TBPI) using quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test (QSART). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with TBPI presenting to the neurosurgical outpatient department from August 2013 to November 2014 were included in the study. The QSART was administered to each patient with prior informed consent detailing the procedure. A total of 20 patients with TBPI were included in the study...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129802/treatment-of-paget-schroetter-syndrome-with-a-three-stage-approach-including-thoracoscopic-rib-resection-at-the-second-stage
#7
Osman Mahmoud, Eero Sihvo, Jari Räsänen, Leena Vikatmaa, Pirkka Vikatmaa, Maarit Venermo
OBJECTIVE: Young, active persons may suffer lifelong consequences of subclavian vein thrombosis, but the best treatment options remain unclear. On introduction of more active pharmacomechanical thrombus removal and thoracoscopic rib resection in our institution, we planned a diagnostic and treatment protocol and aimed to analyze the early, midterm, and intermediate-term results. METHODS: The study included 72 patients who were diagnosed with an upper limb deep venous thrombosis and underwent phlebography between 2006 and 2013...
January 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063909/prevalence-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-its-correlation-with-pain-amongst-female-hairdressers
#8
Bekir Enes Demiryurek, Aslı Aksoy Gündoğdu
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) may develop with repetitive and forced movements of the hands and wrists. In this study, we have aimed to evaluate whether the frequency of CTS is increased amongst female hairdressers as compared with unemployed women or not. Besides, we have also analyzed whether the functionality and pain intensity levels amongst female hairdressers with CTS are different from the ones of unemployed women with CTS or not. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The consecutive female hairdressers and unemployed women who had referred to our electroneuromyography (ENMG) laboratory for the upper extremity nerve conduction studies were included...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987902/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-short-segment-nerve-conduction-study-in-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#9
Rana Terlemez, Figen Yilmaz, Beril Dogu, Banu Kuran
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation between ultrasonographic and electrodiagnostic findings to determine the localization of the ulnar trapping at the elbow. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and noninterventional trial. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation department of a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=14) diagnosed with ulnar nerve entrapment using short-segment nerve conduction study. INTERVENTIONS: The elbow area was divided into 4 segments with 2-cm intervals...
January 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968230/comparative-evaluation-of-the-electrophysiological-functional-and-ultrastructural-effects-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-and-cyanocobalamin-administration-in-a-rat-model-of-sciatic-nerve-injury
#10
Bahriye Horasanli, Askin Esen Hasturk, Murat Arikan, Guray Togral, Fatma Helvacioglu, Atilla Dagdeviren, Senem Mut, Ferhat Harman, Guldeniz Argun
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 and alpha lipoic acid (ALA) are known to promote functional and morphological recovery after peripheral nerve injury. OBJECTIVE: To compare the regenerative and neuroprotective effects of vitamin B12 and ALA treatment after sciatic nerve injury. METHODS: A total of 40 rats were randomly assigned to control (sciatic nerve exposure without injury or anastomosis), sham (sciatic nerve injury and epineural anastomosis were performed but no treatment was administered), PS (isotonic saline was administered for 12 weeks after surgery), ALA (2 mg/kg ALA was administered for 12 weeks after surgery), and vitamin B12 groups (2 mg/kg cyanocobalamin was administered for 12 weeks after surgery)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488124/hypomyopathic-dermatomyositis-associated-with-interstitial-lung-disease-and-good-response-to-mycophenolate-mofetil-case-based-review
#11
REVIEW
Roberta Vilela Lopes Koyama, Tiago Kiyoshi Kitabayashi Braga, George Alberto da Silva Dias, Satomi Fujihara, Hellen Thais Fuzii, Gilberto Toshimitsu Yoshikawa
Hypomyopathic dermatomyositis (HDM) is a rare form of dermatomyositis (DM). Interstitial lung disease (ILD) associated with clinically amyopathic DM (CADM-ILD) or hypomyopathic DM (HDM-ILD) is a rare condition with a more unfavorable prognosis than ILD associated with classic DM (CDM-ILD). There is no effective treatment for HDM-ILD. A 62-year-old woman with a 6-month history of chronic polyarthritis and myalgia presented skin lesions characteristic of DM (erythematous lesion on extensor surface of elbows, Gottron's papules, V-neck sign) with no clinical muscle impairment (global muscle strength: grade 5)...
August 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452617/intradiploic-encephalocele-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-in-an-adult-patient-electrophysiological-implications-during-surgery
#12
Luca Valci, Martina Dalolio, Dominique Kuhlen, Emanuele Pravatà, Claudio Gobbi, Michael Reinert
Encephaloceles are herniations of brain parenchyma through congenital or acquired osseous-dural defects of the skull base or cranial vault. Different types of symptoms, due to CSF fistulas, meningitis, or seizures, are often associated with this condition. The authors present a rare case of spontaneous right frontal parasagittal encephalocele in a 70-year-old man who was experiencing a spastic progressive paresis of his left lower limb. Results of routine electrophysiological workup (motor evoked potentials, somatosensory evoked potentials, and electroneuromyography), as well as those of MRI of the spinal cord, were normal...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446003/effects-of-canine-and-murine-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-transplantation-on-peripheral-nerve-regeneration
#13
Diego Noe Rodriguez Sanchez, Matheus Bertanha, Thiago Dias Fernandes, Luiz Antônio de Lima Resende, Elenice Deffune, Rogério Martins Amorim
Background and Objectives: Maintaining a permissive microenvironment is essential for adequate nerve regeneration. Cell-based therapy has the potential based cell replacement and promotion of axonal growth. The adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Ad-MSC) attract interest because neuroregenerative and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of canine and murine Ad-MSC transplantation on the sciatic nerve regeneration. Methods: Forty Wistar rats were divided randomly into: control group - CG (n=8); denervated group - DG (n=8); decellularized vein group - VG (n=8); decellularized vein+canine MSC-cMSC (n=8); descellularized vein+murine MSC-mMSC (n=8)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405788/electroneuromyographic-findings-in-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#14
Deniz Turgut Coban, Tuncay Cakir, Muhammet Kazim Erol, Gulsum Dogan, Berna Dogan, Meral Bilgilisoy Filiz, Naciye Fusun Toraman
PURPOSE: To examine peripheral electroneuromyographic findings in patients with ocular pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) and to compare them controls without PEX. METHODS: A case-control study design was used to examine 31 patients with PEX and compare the findings with those of 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. All patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examination that included peripheral electroneuromyography examination. Motor and sensorial nerve conduction of the median, ulnar, tibial, peroneal, and sural nerve and the sympathetic skin response were measured...
April 12, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215594/adult-onset-satoyoshi-syndrome-in-a-young-male
#15
Vinícius Viana Abreu Montanaro, Thiago Falcão Hora, Christian Marques Couto, Flavio Diniz Ribas
Satoyoshi syndrome is a rare condition of presumed autoimmune etiology that is characterized by intermittent painful spasms, diarrhea, hair loss, and bone abnormalities. We report the first case of adult onset Satoyoshi syndrome in South America. A 32-year-old Caucasian male presented with sudden involuntary muscle contractions and painful cramps that had started at the age of 21. He also presented with trismus and complete loss of body hair. Electroneuromyography showed abnormal spontaneous activity. Diagnosis of Satoyoshi syndrome was made after extensive investigation; improvement was achieved with corticosteroids and azathioprine...
April 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210859/effectiveness-of-peloid-therapy-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-study
#16
Burcu Metin Ökmen, Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Aygül Güneş, Riza Eröksüz, Lale Altan
Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) is the most common neuromuscular cause of upper extremity disability. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of peloid therapy in patients with CTS. This randomized, controlled, single-blind study enrolled 70 patients between the ages of 30 to 65 who had a diagnosis of either mild, mild-to-moderate, or moderate CTS. The patients were randomized into two groups using random number table. In the first group, (Group 1)(n = 35), patients were given splint (every night for 6 weeks) + peloid treatment(five consecutive days a week for 2 weeks) and in the second group, (Group 2)(n = 28), patients received splint treatment(every night for 6 weeks) alone...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893494/a-comparison-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-electroneuromyography-for-denervated-muscle-diagnosis
#17
Betül Tepeli, Metin Karataş, Mehmet Coşkun, Oya Ümit Yemişçi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for muscle denervation due to focal lesions of the median nerve and to compare electrophysiological findings with MRI findings. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with electrophysiological studies diagnosed for focal lesions of the median nerve were included in this study. Electrophysiological studies and MRI were conducted on 34 patients' hands. Patients' hands were divided into two groups based on edema findings revealed by the MRI: group 1 (edema-negative group; n = 24) and group 2 (edema-positive group; n = 10)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871347/dermatomyositis-part-2-diagnosis-association-with-malignancy-and-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Marcia Ramos-E-Silva, Ana Paula Frade Lima Pinto, Rodrigo Pirmez, Tullia Cuzzi, Sueli Carneiro
In this second part of the series on dermatomyositis, the diagnosis and its criteria with review of autoantibodies, capillaroscopy, imaging exams, histopathology, muscle biopsy, electroneuromyography, and muscular enzymes will be assessed. The association with malignancy, since it is described as paraneoplasic, will be discussed. The different therapeutic options for this disease will also be reported, including for dystrophic calcification, a rare and late complication of dermatomyositis.
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735899/-electroneurographic-monitoring-during-the-test-of-artificial-compression-as-a-method-of-early-diagnosis-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#19
E V Bakhtereva, V A Shirokov, E L Leiderman, A N Varaksin, V G Panov
AIM: To develop the algorithm of early diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) at the stage of functional neurological disturbances by expanding diagnostic possibilities of electroneuromyography using artificial compression test. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parameters of conductivity of the median nerve in 54 patients with finger numbness were analyzed during 3 months before and after compression of the forearm (blood pressure was measured for 1 min). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: An increase in the latency in motor fibers and a decrease in the amplitude of sensory response were identified in patients with CTS signs and normal electroneuromyographical parameters at baseline...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477989/bilateral-idiopathic-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-a-4-year-old-girl
#20
Ozge Gulsum Illeez, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Ozan Ozkaya, Ilknur Aktas, Korhan Ozkan
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), the most common entrapment neuropathy in adulthood, is rare in childhood. The symptoms may differ to those in adults, or may be misinterpreted owing to children's difficulties in expressing themselves. Cases of idiopathic, bilateral CTS under the age of 5 are rare. A 4-year-old girl presented with pain in both hands and difficulty opening them in the morning. Bilateral severe CTS was determined at electroneuromyography (ENMG). Bilateral wrist splints were advised for both hands...
February 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
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