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Roberta Vilela Lopes Koyama, Tiago Kiyoshi Kitabayashi Braga, George Alberto da Silva Dias, Satomi Fujihara, Hellen Thais Fuzii, Gilberto Toshimitsu Yoshikawa
Hypomyopathic dermatomyositis (HDM) is a rare form of dermatomyositis (DM). Interstitial lung disease (ILD) associated with clinically amyopathic DM (CADM-ILD) or hypomyopathic DM (HDM-ILD) is a rare condition with a more unfavorable prognosis than ILD associated with classic DM (CDM-ILD). There is no effective treatment for HDM-ILD. A 62-year-old woman with a 6-month history of chronic polyarthritis and myalgia presented skin lesions characteristic of DM (erythematous lesion on extensor surface of elbows, Gottron's papules, V-neck sign) with no clinical muscle impairment (global muscle strength: grade 5)...
August 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Luca Valci, Martina Dalolio, Dominique Kuhlen, Emanuele Pravatà, Claudio Gobbi, Michael Reinert
Encephaloceles are herniations of brain parenchyma through congenital or acquired osseous-dural defects of the skull base or cranial vault. Different types of symptoms, due to CSF fistulas, meningitis, or seizures, are often associated with this condition. The authors present a rare case of spontaneous right frontal parasagittal encephalocele in a 70-year-old man who was experiencing a spastic progressive paresis of his left lower limb. Results of routine electrophysiological workup (motor evoked potentials, somatosensory evoked potentials, and electroneuromyography), as well as those of MRI of the spinal cord, were normal...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Diego Noe Rodriguez Sanchez, Matheus Bertanha, Thiago Dias Fernandes, Luiz Antônio de Lima Resende, Elenice Deffune, Rogério Martins Amorim
Background and Objectives: Maintaining a permissive microenvironment is essential for adequate nerve regeneration. Cell-based therapy has the potential based cell replacement and promotion of axonal growth. The adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Ad-MSC) attract interest because neuroregenerative and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of canine and murine Ad-MSC transplantation on the sciatic nerve regeneration. Methods: Forty Wistar rats were divided randomly into: control group - CG (n=8); denervated group - DG (n=8); decellularized vein group - VG (n=8); decellularized vein+canine MSC-cMSC (n=8); descellularized vein+murine MSC-mMSC (n=8)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
Deniz Turgut Coban, Tuncay Cakir, Muhammet Kazim Erol, Gulsum Dogan, Berna Dogan, Meral Bilgilisoy Filiz, Naciye Fusun Toraman
PURPOSE: To examine peripheral electroneuromyographic findings in patients with ocular pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) and to compare them controls without PEX. METHODS: A case-control study design was used to examine 31 patients with PEX and compare the findings with those of 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. All patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examination that included peripheral electroneuromyography examination. Motor and sensorial nerve conduction of the median, ulnar, tibial, peroneal, and sural nerve and the sympathetic skin response were measured...
April 12, 2017: International Ophthalmology
Vinícius Viana Abreu Montanaro, Thiago Falcão Hora, Christian Marques Couto, Flavio Diniz Ribas
Satoyoshi syndrome is a rare condition of presumed autoimmune etiology that is characterized by intermittent painful spasms, diarrhea, hair loss, and bone abnormalities. We report the first case of adult onset Satoyoshi syndrome in South America. A 32-year-old Caucasian male presented with sudden involuntary muscle contractions and painful cramps that had started at the age of 21. He also presented with trismus and complete loss of body hair. Electroneuromyography showed abnormal spontaneous activity. Diagnosis of Satoyoshi syndrome was made after extensive investigation; improvement was achieved with corticosteroids and azathioprine...
April 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Burcu Metin Ökmen, Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Aygül Güneş, Riza Eröksüz, Lale Altan
Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) is the most common neuromuscular cause of upper extremity disability. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of peloid therapy in patients with CTS. This randomized, controlled, single-blind study enrolled 70 patients between the ages of 30 to 65 who had a diagnosis of either mild, mild-to-moderate, or moderate CTS. The patients were randomized into two groups using random number table. In the first group, (Group 1)(n = 35), patients were given splint (every night for 6 weeks) + peloid treatment(five consecutive days a week for 2 weeks) and in the second group, (Group 2)(n = 28), patients received splint treatment(every night for 6 weeks) alone...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
Betül Tepeli, Metin Karataş, Mehmet Coşkun, Oya Ümit Yemişçi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for muscle denervation due to focal lesions of the median nerve and to compare electrophysiological findings with MRI findings. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with electrophysiological studies diagnosed for focal lesions of the median nerve were included in this study. Electrophysiological studies and MRI were conducted on 34 patients' hands. Patients' hands were divided into two groups based on edema findings revealed by the MRI: group 1 (edema-negative group; n = 24) and group 2 (edema-positive group; n = 10)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Marcia Ramos-E-Silva, Ana Paula Frade Lima Pinto, Rodrigo Pirmez, Tullia Cuzzi, Sueli Carneiro
In this second part of the series on dermatomyositis, the diagnosis and its criteria with review of autoantibodies, capillaroscopy, imaging exams, histopathology, muscle biopsy, electroneuromyography, and muscular enzymes will be assessed. The association with malignancy, since it is described as paraneoplasic, will be discussed. The different therapeutic options for this disease will also be reported, including for dystrophic calcification, a rare and late complication of dermatomyositis.
2016: Skinmed
E V Bakhtereva, V A Shirokov, E L Leiderman, A N Varaksin, V G Panov
AIM: To develop the algorithm of early diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) at the stage of functional neurological disturbances by expanding diagnostic possibilities of electroneuromyography using artificial compression test. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parameters of conductivity of the median nerve in 54 patients with finger numbness were analyzed during 3 months before and after compression of the forearm (blood pressure was measured for 1 min). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: An increase in the latency in motor fibers and a decrease in the amplitude of sensory response were identified in patients with CTS signs and normal electroneuromyographical parameters at baseline...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Ozge Gulsum Illeez, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Ozan Ozkaya, Ilknur Aktas, Korhan Ozkan
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), the most common entrapment neuropathy in adulthood, is rare in childhood. The symptoms may differ to those in adults, or may be misinterpreted owing to children's difficulties in expressing themselves. Cases of idiopathic, bilateral CTS under the age of 5 are rare. A 4-year-old girl presented with pain in both hands and difficulty opening them in the morning. Bilateral severe CTS was determined at electroneuromyography (ENMG). Bilateral wrist splints were advised for both hands...
February 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Eda Gürçay, Özgür Zeliha Karaahmet, Murat Kara, Sule Sahin Onat, Ayse Merve Ata, Ece Ünlü, Levent Özçakar
Objective: To evaluate the possible radial nerve entrapment of patients with unilateral refractory lateral epicondylitis (LE) by using ultrasound (US) and electroneuromyography. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Three physical medicine and rehabilitation departments. Subjects: Consecutive 44 patients (15 M, 29 F) with unilateral refractory LE. Methods: All patients underwent detailed clinical, electrophysiological and ultrasonographic evaluations...
March 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
V B Voytenkov, A V Klimkin, N V Skripchenko, A A Vil'nits, A I Konev, G P Ivanova
14 pediatric critically ill patients with various infectious pathologies were assessed. Electroneuromyography was carried out in all patients. Polyneuropathy of critical states were revealed in 10 children. It is shown that the frequency of severeform of this state was 40%. Polyneuropathy mostly affects the peripheral nerves of the lower extremities. Polyneuropathy developed typically on 5-7 day from the start of mechanical ventilation.
March 2016: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
A V Krasilnikov, V A Naimushin
The article describes a case of multifocal motor neuropathy with conduction blocks in a female patient, aged 27 years. The development of the disease, results of neurological, laboratory, instrumental examinations, including electroneuromyography, and their role for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis are presented.
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Pedro Olavo De Paula Lima, Francisco Marcos Bezerra Cunha, Heitor De Sá Gonçalves, Maria Araci Pontes Aires, Rosa Lívia Freitas De Almeida, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
BACKGROUND: In leprosy, sensory function of nerves is evaluated with monofilaments test and the motor function with voluntary muscle test, however electroneuromyography is considered as the gold-standard tool. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed: i) to evaluate the correlation between clinical tests and electroneuromyography for the diagnosis of leprosy neuropathy; and ii) to identify the prevalence of leprosy neuropathy and the most compromised peripheral nerves in leprosy...
March 2016: Leprosy Review
Safaa Zahlane, Nissrine Louhab, Meriem El Mellakh, Najib Kissani
The authors report an exceptional case of an anterior horn syndrome associated with Sjögren's syndrome in a 58-year-old patient with a flaccid tetraparesis revealed by asymmetric atrophy and diffuse fasciculations associated with xerostomia and xerophthalmia. The electroneuromyography objectified a diffuse anterior horn syndrome. The brain MRI and spinal cord were normal. Laboratory tests revealed positive anti-SSA and anti-SSB antibody. The salivary glands biopsy objectified lymphocytic sialadenitis grade 3 of Chisholm...
July 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Mari Auranen, Emil Ylikallio, Maria Shcherbii, Anders Paetau, Sari Kiuru-Enari, Jussi P Toppila, Henna Tyynismaa
OBJECTIVE: We describe the phenotype consistent with axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 (CMT2) in 4 families with a c.197G>T (p.(Gly66Val)) variant in CHCHD10. METHODS: We sequenced the CHCHD10 gene in a cohort of 107 families with CMT2 of unknown etiology. The patients were characterized by clinical examination and electroneuromyography. Muscle MRI and biopsy of the muscle or nerve were performed in selected cases. Neuropathologic autopsy was performed in 1 case...
June 2015: Neurology. Genetics
Evandro Silva Ruas, Rodrigo Simões Castilho, Philipe Eduardo Carvalho Maia, Gustavus Lemos Ribeiro Melo
We present a case of Guyon's canal syndrome caused by a synovial cyst within the left wrist of a 48-year-old female patient. The patient presented pain and paresthesia in the region of the ulnar nerve, with loss of muscle strength and left-hand deformity. Electroneuromyography showed a compression of the ulnar nerve at the wrist level. Surgical decompression of the nerve at Guyon's canal with resection of the cyst was performed. After the surgery, the patient presented an improvement in the pain and paresthesia, as well as an increase in muscle trophism and correction of the deformity...
November 2010: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Saulo Gomes de Oliveira, Eduardo Hosken Pombo, Priscila Rossi de Batista, Igor Machado Cardoso, Rodrigo Rezende
Parsonage-Turner Syndrome is a rare disease that affects the musculature of the scapular girdle, leading to muscle atrophy and large motor deficit. The etiology is uncertain, but it is believed that infectious and autoimmune factors are involved. The diagnosis is made by exclusion, and the main differential diagnoses are cervical disc hernias, rotator cuff injuries and rheumatic diseases. During diagnostic investigations, we perform laboratory tests, radiographs and MRI on the shoulders and cervical spine, with emphasis on electroneuromyography to help in making a definitive diagnosis...
July 2010: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
E L Dadali, I V Sharkova, T A Adyan, T B Milovidova, А V Polakov
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical/genetic characteristics of congenital muscular dystrophy caused by mutations in the LMNA gene in 5 patients from the Russian population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DNA samples of 42 probands, aged from 2 months to 9 years, with characteristic signs of congenital muscular dystrophy from nonrelated families were studied. The diagnosis was based on the results of genealogical analysis, neurological examination, serum creatine phosphokinase activity, results of electroneuromyography...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
T E Popova, A A Tappahov, N A Shnaider, M M Petrova, T Y Nikolaeva, E E Konnikova, A A Kozhevnikov, V G Ammosov, N E Vinokurova
AIM: To estimate the importance of new algorithm introducing of PDP diagnostics in practice of NEFU medical institute Clinic in detection of severity level and predicting of clinical course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 people with sensory-motor PDP form among patients with 2 type diabetes were examined on the basis of Clinic of NEFU medical institute. Patients have been divided into 2 groups by disease duration: the first groups were patients with duration of disease till 10 years, the second group--more than 10 years...
2015: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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