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Thrombosis professional athlete

Meghan Bishop, Matthew Astolfi, Eric Padegimas, Peter DeLuca, Sommer Hammoud
Background: Numerous reports have described players in professional American sports leagues who have been sidelined with a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or a pulmonary embolism (PE), but little is known about the clinical implications of these events in professional athletes. Purpose: To conduct a retrospective review of injury reports from the National Hockey League (NHL), Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the National Football League (NFL) to take a closer look at the incidence of DVT/PE, current treatment approaches, and estimated time to return to play in professional athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
G F Veraldi, M Macrì, P Criscenti, L Scorsone, C C Zingaretti, M Gnoni, L Mezzetto
External Iliac Artery Endofibrosis (EIAE) is an uncommon disease usually affecting young, otherwise healthy, patients. It usually involves cyclists but cases have been reported in other groups of endurance athletes. The external iliac artery is the most affected anatomical site but other locations are described too. The precise pathophysiology and long-term evolution of the disease still remain unknown. The diagnosis may be challenging and delayed as the patients usually present symptoms only in extreme conditions and physical and instrumental examinations may be normal at rest...
November 2015: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Roosevelt U Offoha, Juan Garzon-Muvdi, Michael B Streiff, Edward G McFarland
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the upper extremity is uncommon compared with DVT of the lower extremity. Exertional DVT has been described in some athletes, especially in the dominant arm of baseball players. It is important for health care professionals to recognize the signs and symptoms of upper-extremity DVT, which can occur after exertion or after surgery of the upper extremity. Superficial venous thrombosis is also very uncommon in the upper extremity. This article describes a case of superficial venous thrombosis that mimicked DVT in the surgical (right) arm of a recreational baseball player after suprapectoral biceps tenodesis for a painful superior labrum anterior-posterior lesion...
December 2014: Orthopedics
Mohamed A Zayed, Joey McDonald, Jacques G Tittley
Ulnar artery thrombosis and hypothenar hammer syndrome are rare vascular complications that could potentially occur with repeated blows or trauma to the hand. Although initially reported as an occupational hazard among laborers and craftsmen, it has been observed more recently among recreationalists and athletes. Until now, it has never been reported as a complication in ice hockey players. In this case report, a 26-year-old Canadian professional ice hockey player presented with acute dominant right hand paleness, coolness, and pain with hand use...
November 2013: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Brandon D Bushnell, Adam W Anz, Keith Dugger, Gary A Sakryd, Thomas J Noonan
CONTEXT: Effort thrombosis, or Paget-Schroetter's syndrome, is a rare subset of thoracic outlet syndrome in which deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity occurs as the result of repetitive overhead motion. It is occasionally associated with pulmonary embolism. This case of effort thrombosis and pulmonary embolus was in a 25-year-old major league professional baseball pitcher, in which the only presenting complaints involved dizziness and shortness of breath without complaints involving the upper extremity-usually, a hallmark of most cases of this condition...
November 2009: Sports Health
Waldemar Elikowski, Małgorzata Małek, Dominika Montewska, Jolanta Kurosz, Dariusz Wróblewski, Krystyna Zawilska
Although regular sports activities decrease the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), VTE cases have been observed among professional and amateur athletes practicing various disciplines. The authors describe a case of a 25-year-old-woman in whom calf pain, as popliteal vein thrombosis manifestation--preceding pulmonary embolism, occurred after she took up spinning, a popular form of indoor cycling. There was no history of leg injury. In hemostasis work up, factor V Leiden mutation and acquired low antithrombin activity-related to oral contraceptives use, were found...
January 2011: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Yazan M Duwayri, Valerie B Emery, Matthew R Driskill, Jeanne A Earley, Rick W Wright, George A Paletta, Robert W Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To describe the spectrum of axillary artery pathology seen in high-performance overhead athletes and the outcomes of current treatment. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients that had undergone management of axillary artery lesions in a specialized center for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Treatment outcomes were assessed with respect to arterial pathology and operative management. RESULTS: Nine male athletes were referred for arterial insufficiency in the dominant arm between January 2000 and August 2010, representing 1...
May 2011: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Mahmut Nedim Doral, Murat Bozkurt, Egemen Turhan, Mehmet Ayvaz, Ozgür Ahmet Atay, Akin Uzümcügil, Gürsel Leblebicioğlu, Defne Kaya, Tolga Aydoğ
INTRODUCTION: A prospective study of modified percutaneous Achilles tendon repair performed between 1999 and 2005 under local infiltration anesthesia is presented; the study evaluated the results of percutaneous repair technique by visualization of the synovia under endoscopic control, followed by early functional postoperative treatment for surgical intervention of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. PATIENTS: Sixty-two patients (58 males, 4 females, mean age 32) were treated by percutaneous suturing with modified Bunnel technique under endoscopic control within 10 days after acute total rupture...
August 2009: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
C Seinturier, S Blaise, M Maufus, J-L Magne, B Pasquier, P-H Carpentier
A 48-year-old man was admitted for subacute ischemia of the right hand of sudden onset. The patient, who participated in amateur sports, had an uneventful medical history. Duplex ultrasonography revealed thrombosis of the right radial and ulnar arteries. On heparin, the clinical course was favorable and investigations to search for an embolic source revealed an aneurism of the posterior circumflex artery (arteriography). The etiological work-up was negative as was the search for other aneurismal locations. Surgical excision was carried out...
December 2008: Journal des Maladies Vasculaires
Aryan Vink, Mart H Bender, Goof Schep, Dick F van Wichen, Roel A de Weger, Gerard Pasterkamp, Frans L Moll
INTRODUCTION: High performance athletes, predominantly professional cyclists, can develop symptomatic arterial flow restriction in one or both legs during exercise. The ischemic symptoms are caused by endofibrosis and/or kinking of the external iliac artery. Because these athletes are young and have no classic risk factors for atherosclerosis, endofibrosis and atherosclerosis are considered different disease entities. We compared histology of endofibrotic lesions from young sportsmen with atherosclerotic lesions of the external iliac artery in elderly individuals...
December 2008: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Spencer J Melby, Suresh Vedantham, Vamsidhar R Narra, George A Paletta, Lynnette Khoo-Summers, Matt Driskill, Robert W Thompson
OBJECTIVES: The results of treatment for subclavian vein effort thrombosis were assessed in a series of competitive athletes. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of high-performance athletes who underwent multidisciplinary management for venous thoracic outlet syndrome in a specialized referral center. The overall time required to return to athletic activity was assessed with respect to the timing and methods of diagnosis, initial treatment, operative management, and postoperative care...
April 2008: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Paul S Echlin, Ross Eg Upshur, Douglas B McKeag, Harsha P Jayatilake
A 42 year-old male former semi-professional soccer player sustained a right lower extremity popliteal contusion during a soccer game. He was clinically diagnosed with a possible traumatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and sent for confirmatory tests. A duplex doppler ultrasound was positive for DVT, and the patient was admitted to hospital for anticoagulation (unfractionated heparin, warfarin). Upon discharge from hospital the patient continued oral warfarin anticoagulation (six months), and the use of compression stockings (nine months)...
October 14, 2004: Thrombosis Journal
Frédéric Schneider, Ilaria Milesi, Erik Haesler, Stephan Wicky, P Schnyder, Alban Denys
We report the case of a young break-dancer presenting with hammer syndrome. This syndrome has been correlated with many professional and recreational activities but this is, to our knowledge, the first description of hammer syndrome caused by break-dancing. The etiology, diagnosis and treatment modalities of this rare syndrome are considered.
July 2002: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
A Mahdhaoui, H Bouraoui, G Jeridi, S Ernez-Hajri, A Ismail, N Jenaieh, F Ben Frej, H Amara, T Mahjoub, E Boughzela, H Ammar
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of upper limbs is extremely rare. DVT related to physical stress is a less known form. The purpose of this study was to outline the clinical pattern and laboratory features as well as the clinical course and outcome of this disease. The authors report 5 documented cases of upper limb DVT related to physical stress: 4 patients were hand workers and 1 was a young athletic man. None of the patients developed pulmonary embolism. Two patients had late sequelae. Treatment is based on prompt and early anticoagulation...
October 2001: Journal des Maladies Vasculaires
M Umar
In an open prospective study the results of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy were reviewed in 188 knees. Group I comprised of 139 (65%) knees with pure meniscus lesions without any ligament laxity, the remaining 49 (35%) knees in group II had anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency in addition to meniscus lesions. In group I, 93% had excellent to good and 7% had fair results by criteria of Tapper and Hoover. In group II, 75% had excellent to good and 25% had fair results. Arthroscopic knee surgery was a good method of identifying patients in group II who required anterior cruciate reconstruction...
August 1997: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
F García Gallego, J Sotillo Martí, P Pérez Blasco
A 26-year-old professional football player had a myocardial infarction when he was practicing his sport. He arrived at the hospital 1 hour later. Angiographic study showed critical stenosis and distal thrombosis in the anterior descending coronary artery. Intracoronary thrombolytic and vasodilator therapy followed by dilatation angioplasty resolved these coronary obstructions. We conclude that several factors contributed to the origin of myocardial infarction in this case including a complicated atheromatous plaque, formation of thrombus and coronary spasm...
July 1986: International Journal of Cardiology
M Hiltgen, Y Guérin, T Lefevre, J P Saudemont, B Gallet, H Pruvot
The purpose of this study was to analyse characteristic of myocardial infractions that occur during, or immediately after sport-related exertion in subjects who are neither athletes nor professional sportsmen and who undergo coronary angiography. Ten cases where myocardial infraction developed during (n = 3) or immediately after (n = 7) a game were studied retrospectively. All patients were men aged from 21 to 61 years (mean 48.8 years); 8 of them were smokers and 5 had hypercholesterolaemia. The sports practised were tennis (3), cycling (2), football (2), skiing (2) and weight-lifting (1)...
August 1989: Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux
G W Nuber, W J McCarthy, J S Yao, M F Schafer, J R Suker
Vascular lesions of the shoulder may be misinterpreted as one of the more familiar shoulder abnormalities by a treating physician. We are reporting on 13 athletes who were found to have symptoms related to compression of the subclavian or axillary artery or their tributaries. Nine were amateur or professional baseball pitchers. Severe arm fatigue or finger ischemia, secondary to embolization, were presenting symptoms. Arm fatigue was noted in all pitchers. After complete history and physical examination, including auscultation for bruits in functional positions, all athletes were evaluated by noninvasive tests (Doppler and Duplex scanning)...
September 1990: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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