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Non celiac gluten sensitivity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662290/extra-intestinal-manifestations-of-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-an-expanding-paradigm
#1
REVIEW
Giuseppe Losurdo, Mariabeatrice Principi, Andrea Iannone, Annacinzia Amoruso, Enzo Ierardi, Alfredo Di Leo, Michele Barone
Non celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a syndrome characterized by a cohort of symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten-containing food in subjects who are not affected by celiac disease (CD) or wheat allergy. The possibility of systemic manifestations in this condition has been suggested by some reports. In most cases they are characterized by vague symptoms such as 'foggy mind', headache, fatigue, joint and muscle pain, leg or arm numbness even if more specific complaints have been described. NCGS has an immune-related background...
April 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619556/duodenal-histological-features-in-suspected-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-new-insights-into-a-still-undefined-condition
#2
Barbara Zanini, Vincenzo Villanacci, Monica Marullo, Moris Cadei, Francesco Lanzarotto, Anna Bozzola, Chiara Ricci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578652/non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-how-its-gut-immune-activation-and-potential-dietary-management-differ-from-celiac-disease
#3
REVIEW
Vera Rotondi Aufiero, Alessio Fasano, Giuseppe Mazzarella
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a clinical entity triggered by the ingestion of gluten-containing grains leading to intestinal and/or extraintestinal symptoms that resolve once the gluten-containing foodstuff is eliminated from the diet and it is diagnosed when celiac disease (CD) and wheat allergy (WA) have been ruled out. The limited knowledge about the pathophysiology of NCGS and the lack of validated biomarkers are still major limitations for clinical studies, making it difficult to differentiate NCGS from other gluten-related disorders (GRD)...
March 26, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525696/insights-into-gliadin-supramolecular-organization-at-digestive-ph-3-0
#4
M G Herrera, D S Vazquez, R Sreij, M Drechsler, Y Hertle, T Hellweg, V I Dodero
Alpha-gliadin is a highly immunogenic protein from wheat, which is associated with many human diseases, like celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Because of that, gliadin solution is subject to intense biomedical research. However, the physicochemical nature of the employed gliadin solution at physiological pH is not understood. Herein, we present a supramolecular evaluation of the alpha-gliadin protein in water at pH 3.0 by dynamic light scattering (DLS), cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and small-angle-...
February 27, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469015/do-celiac-disease-and-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-have-the-same-effects-on-reproductive-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Joanna Pieczyńska
OBJECTIVES: The wide spectrum of clinical symptoms of celiac disease (CD) is partly due to the malnourished state caused by the malabsorption of micro- and macronutrients. It has been suggested that fertility problems and obstetric complications may be a consequence of the endocrine disorders caused by selective nutrient deficiencies. The same selective nutrient deficiencies as in CD could be a reason for fertility problems in non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nutrient deficiencies in CD and NCGS on fertility problems...
December 8, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380821/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial-for-the-diagnosis-of-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-in-children
#6
R Francavilla, F Cristofori, L Verzillo, A Gentile, S Castellaneta, C Polloni, V Giorgio, E Verduci, E D'Angelo, S Dellatte, F Indrio
OBJECTIVES: Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms that are related to the ingestion of gluten in subjects who are not affected by either celiac disease (CD) or wheat allergy (WA). In this multicenter study, we aim for the first time to evaluate the prevalence of NCGS in pediatric subjects with chronic functional gastrointestinal symptoms associated with gluten ingestion using a double-blind placebo-controlled (DBPC) gluten challenge with crossover...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343966/prevalence-of-antigliadin-iga-antibodies-in-psoriasis-vulgaris-and-response-of-seropositive-patients-to-a-gluten-free-diet
#7
Nikolai A Kolchak, Maria K Tetarnikova, Maria S Theodoropoulou, Alexandra P Michalopoulou, Demetrios S Theodoropoulos
Introduction: The course of psoriasis relies on a variety of metabolic and immunological parameters. Identification of underlying pro-inflammatory conditions and their control is desired for optimal management. Background: Increased prevalence of serum markers for celiac disease has been reported among patients with psoriasis. The likelihood of occult celiac disease in a subpopulation of patients has been postulated and gluten-free diets have been reported to be effective...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337156/nonceliac-gluten-sensitivity-what-is-the-culprit
#8
EDITORIAL
Kristin Verbeke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306516/long-term-effects-of-gluten-free-diet-in-non-celiac-wheat-sensitivity
#9
Francesco Tovoli, Alessandro Granito, Giulia Negrini, Elena Guidetti, Chiara Faggiano, Luigi Bolondi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Information about the clinical outcome of patients with non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) treated with gluten-free diet (GFD) derive from studies assessing the symptom response in the first few weeks of treatment. We aimed to evaluate the clinical response to the GFD and the quality of life (QoL) of NCWS patients in the long term. METHODS: Forty-four NCWS (diagnosed according to the Salerno criteria) participated in the study. Participants rated their symptoms according to a 0-10 scale patients and filled in a QoL questionnaire (CDQ) before the beginning of the GFD and during a follow-up evaluation performed after at least one year...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287928/making-all-medications-gluten-free
#10
Ankita V Shah, Abu T M Serajuddin, Robert A Mangione
Gluten is found in food containing wheat, rye, and barley, and it may be introduced into medicines through the use of starch or any modified form of starch derived from these grains. The ingestion of gluten poses serious health hazards to people with celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity, and they must avoid the oral ingestion of gluten. In 2011, the Food and Drug Administration solicited information and public comments on 'gluten in drug products'. However, the 'final rule' that the Agency issued in 2013 involved only the voluntary 'gluten-free' labeling of food, and it did not include drug products...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247390/cognitive-impairment-in-celiac-disease-and-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-review-of-literature-on-the-main-cognitive-impairments-the-imaging-and-the-effect-of-gluten-free-diet
#11
REVIEW
Sinda Makhlouf, Mariem Messelmani, Jamel Zaouali, Ridha Mrissa
Celiac disease (CD) and non celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) can be responsible for neurological complications such as ataxia and peripheral neuropathies but also cognitive impairment. This cognitive involvement is variable in its expression, its duration and its prognosis ranging from transient and reversible subtle involvement to dementia itself. Through this article, we tried to achieve a review of the literature to better understand this topic. Several mechanisms were proposed to explain the deleterious influence of gluten-related pathologies on cognitive functions: nutritional deficiencies, elevation of circulating cytokine levels due to systemic inflammation, low brain serotonin levels… Several types of dementia such as Alzheimer dementia, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia were reported in association with CD...
March 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246823/classification-of-cutaneous-manifestations-in-patients-with-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-ncgs-and-wheat-allergy-wa
#12
Valentina Faina, Giovanni Paolino, Maria Bavastrelli, Stefano Calvieri, Teresa Grieco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243104/skepticism-regarding-vaccine-and-gluten-free-food-safety-among-patients-with-celiac-disease-and-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity
#13
Loren G Rabinowitz, Haley M Zylberberg, Alan Levinovitz, Melissa S Stockwell, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: There has been a marked increase in the adoption of the gluten-free (GF) diet. AIMS: To query individuals with celiac disease (CD) and non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) on their beliefs toward the health effects of gluten, and safety of vaccines and GF food products. METHODS: We distributed a Web-based survey to individuals with CD and NCGS on a CD center e-mail list. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to compare responses of respondents with CD and NCGS...
December 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241120/a-study-on-the-association-of-mood-disorders-and-gluten-related-diseases
#14
Brunetta Porcelli, Valeria Verdino, Fabio Ferretti, Nicola Bizzaro, Lucia Terzuoli, Francesca Cinci, Letizia Bossini, Andrea Fagiolini
Our study aimed to evaluate the presence of antibodies related to gluten intolerance in patients with mood disorders. A total of 60 patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder or depressive disorder were recruited. Fourty-eight subjects randomly selected among unrelated family members were included as controls. Celiac disease-associated antibodies were assayed both in the patients and controls. Mean values of IgA/IgG anti-gliadin antibodies, IgA/IgG anti-deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies and IgA anti-transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies were not different between patients and controls...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216767/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-gluten-sensitivity-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Berkeley N Limketkai, Rachel Sepulveda, Tressia Hing, Neha D Shah, Monica Choe, David Limsui, Shamita Shah
OBJECTIVES: Gluten sensitivity (GS) arises with celiac disease and has also been found in non-celiac disorders, although its characteristics in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are unclear. This study evaluated the prevalence of GS and factors associated with GS in IBD. METHODS: Adult IBD patients at a tertiary-care medical center completed a survey of their demographics, medical history, family history, social history and symptoms. Data on IBD characteristics were abstracted from the medical records...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181545/non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-people-without-celiac-disease-avoiding-gluten-is-it-due-to-histamine-intolerance
#16
REVIEW
Wolfgang J Schnedl, Sonja Lackner, Dietmar Enko, Michael Schenk, Harald Mangge, Sandra J Holasek
INTRODUCTION: Food intolerance/malabsorption is caused by food ingredients, carbohydrates (mainly lactose and fructose), proteins (gluten), and biogenic amines (histamine) which cause nonspecific gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms. Here we focus on possible etiologic factors of intolerance/malabsorption especially in people with non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or the so-called people without celiac disease avoiding gluten (PWCDAG) and histamine intolerance. METHODS: Recognizing the recently described symptoms of NCGS (PWCDAG) we review correlations and parallels to histamine intolerance (HIT)...
April 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160841/the-overlapping-area-of-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-ncgs-and-wheat-sensitive-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Carlo Catassi, Armin Alaedini, Christian Bojarski, Bruno Bonaz, Gerd Bouma, Antonio Carroccio, Gemma Castillejo, Laura De Magistris, Walburga Dieterich, Diana Di Liberto, Luca Elli, Alessio Fasano, Marios Hadjivassiliou, Matthew Kurien, Elena Lionetti, Chris J Mulder, Kamran Rostami, Anna Sapone, Katharina Scherf, Detlef Schuppan, Nick Trott, Umberto Volta, Victor Zevallos, Yurdagül Zopf, David S Sanders
Gluten-related disorders have recently been reclassified with an emerging scientific literature supporting the concept of non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS). New research has specifically addressed prevalence, immune mechanisms, the recognition of non-immunoglobulin E (non-IgE) wheat allergy and overlap of NCGS with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-type symptoms. This review article will provide clinicians with an update that directly impacts on the management of a subgroup of their IBS patients whose symptoms are triggered by wheat ingestion...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142467/non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-all-wheat-attack-is-not-celiac
#18
REVIEW
Samuel O Igbinedion, Junaid Ansari, Anush Vasikaran, Felicity N Gavins, Paul Jordan, Moheb Boktor, Jonathan S Alexander
Currently, 1% of the United States population holds a diagnosis for celiac disease (CD), however, a more recently recognized and possibly related condition, "non-celiac gluten sensitivity" (NCGS) has been suggested to affect up to 6% of the United States public. While reliable clinical tests for CD exist, diagnosing individuals affected by NCGS is still complicated by the lack of reliable biomarkers and reliance upon a broad set of intestinal and extra intestinal symptoms possibly provoked by gluten...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131356/gluten-sensitivities-and-the-allergist-threshing-the-grain-from-the-husks
#19
REVIEW
J G Burkhardt, A Chapa-Rodriguez, S L Bahna
"Gluten sensitivity" has become commonplace among the public. Wheat allergy (WA) and celiac disease (CD) are well-defined entities, but are becoming a fraction of individuals following a gluten-free diet (GFD). Wheat allergy has a prevalence of <0.5%. Wheat, specifically its omega-5 gliadin fraction, is the most common allergen implicated in food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis. CD is a non-IgE hypersensitivity to certain cereal proteins: gluten in wheat, secalin in rye, hordein in barley, and to a lesser extent avenin in oat...
November 13, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118931/outcome-of-breath-tests-in-adult-patients-with-suspected-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#20
Johanna Mattsson, Maria Teresa Minaya, Milka Monegro, Benjamin Lebwohl, Suzanne K Lewis, Peter Hr Green, Reidun Stenberg
Aim: The aim was to investigate breath test outcomes in patients with suspected SIBO and indicative symptoms of SIBO, diagnosed by breath testing. Background: Breath testing is used to detect small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) by measuring hydrogen and methane produced by intestinal bacteria. Methods: This retrospective cross sectional study included 311 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who underwent the breath test for evaluation of SIBO at Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University, New York, in 2014-2015...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
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