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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726053/the-effect-of-different-ankle-and-knee-supports-on-balance-in-early-ambulation-of-post-stroke-hemiplegic-patients
#1
Burcu Talu, Zilan Bazancir
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different ankle and knee supports on balance in early ambulation of post-stroke hemiplegic patients. This is a randomized experimental study. The study sample included 20 hemiplegic patients who were able to stand with support and who had been diagnosed with a cerebrovascular accident within the last month. A knee immobilization brace (KIB) was first placed on each individual (first application), followed by placement of knee immobilizer brace and Foot Lifter Orthosis ® (FLO) (second application), and lastly, placement of KIB and rigid taping (RT) (third application)...
July 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713039/efficacy-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-types-on-walking-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Hassan Saeedi, John S Head
BACKGROUND: Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are orthotic devices that can be used to normalize the walking pattern of children with cerebral palsy (CP). One of the aims of orthotic management is to produce a more normal gait pattern by positioning joints in the proper position to reduce pathological reflex or spasticity. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature and establish the effect of treatment with various types of AFOs on gait patterns of children with CP...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702766/erratum-to-de-novo-exonic-duplication-of-atp1a2-in-italian-patient-with-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#3
Stella Gagliardi, Gaetano Salvatore Grieco, Francesca Gualandi, Luisa Maria Caniatti, Elisabetta Groppo, Marialuisa Valente, Nappi Giuseppe, Marcella Neri, Cristina Cereda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699104/suprascapular-nerve-block-for-the-treatment-of-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-in-patients-with-long-term-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#4
Alessandro Picelli, Sara Bonazza, Davide Lobba, Massimo Parolini, Alvise Martini, Elena Chemello, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Enrico Polati, Nicola Smania, Vittorio Schweiger
Hemiplegic shoulder pain is the most common pain condition after stroke. Suprascapular nerve block is an effective treatment for shoulder pain. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of suprascapular nerve block on pain intensity, spasticity, shoulder passive range of motion, and quality of life in long-term chronic stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain. Ten chronic stroke patients (over 2 years from onset) with hemiplegic shoulder pain graded ≥30 mm on the Visual Analogue Scale underwent suprascapular nerve block injection with 1 mL of 40 mg/mL methylprednisolone and 10 mL 0...
July 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691140/preclinical-and-clinical-evidence-on-ipsilateral-corticospinal-projections-implication-for-motor-recovery
#5
REVIEW
Ali Alawieh, Stephen Tomlinson, DeAnna Adkins, Steve Kautz, Wuwei Feng
Motor impairment is the most common complication after stroke, and recovery of motor function has been shown to be dependent on the extent of lesion in the ipsilesional corticospinal tract (iCST) and activity within ipsilesional primary and secondary motor cortices. However, work from neuroimaging research has suggested a role of the contralesional hemisphere in promoting recovery after stroke potentially through the ipsilateral uncrossed CST fibers descending to ipsilateral spinal segments. These ipsilateral fibers, sometimes referred to as "latent" projections, are thought to contribute to motor recovery independent of the crossed CST...
July 9, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645128/-headache-news
#6
Hans-Christoph Diener, Charly Gaul, Dagny Holle-Lee, Lazaros Lazaridis, Steffen Nägel, Mark Obermann
A review of the latest and most relevant information on different disorders of head and facial pain is presented. News from epidemiologic studies regarding the relationship between migraine and patent foramen ovale, the cardiovascular risk in migraine, and migraine behavior during menopause, and the development of white matter lesions or migraine genetics are presented. Regarding pathophysiology there are very recent insights regarding the role of the hypothalamus during prodromal phase and the interplay of brain-stem and hypothalamus during the attack...
June 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640006/poor-gait-performance-is-influenced-with-decreased-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-in-poststroke-patients
#7
Tsubasa Mitsutake, Maiko Sakamoto, Kozo Ueta, Shinichiro Oka, Etsuo Horikawa
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) exerts a significant influence on gait performance. Therefore, a decrease in VOR function could worsen gait impairments in patients with poststroke hemiparesis. The effects of decreased VOR function on gait performance could be further exacerbated by aging-related physical weakness and impaired motor function of the hemiparetic lower limb. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible synergistic effect of aging and impairment in lower extremity function and the VOR on walking ability of poststroke hemiplegic patients...
August 16, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637637/alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood-and-a-pathogenic-variant-of-atp1a3-a-case-report-and-pathophysiological-considerations
#8
Elena Pavlidis, Peter Uldall, Camilla Gøbel Madsen, Marina Nikanorova, Martin Fabricius, Hans Høgenhaven, Francesco Pisani, Rikke S Møller, Elena Gardella, Guido Rubboli
We describe a case of a child suffering from alternating hemiplegia with a heterozygous p. E815K pathogenic variant of ATP1A3. The patient started to present abnormal eye movements in the first days of life, followed by the appearance at 2 months of dystonic episodes, and later on, by recurrent episodes of alternating hemiplegia more often on the right side. A severe epilepsy started at the age of 2 years with episodes of status epilepticus since the onset which frequently recurred, requiring admission to the intensive care unit...
June 1, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632466/neuropsychological-profiles-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Kristine Stadskleiv, Reidun Jahnsen, Guro L Andersen, Stephen von Tetzchner
PURPOSE: To explore factors contributing to variability in cognitive functioning in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A geographical cohort of 70 children with CP was assessed with tests of language comprehension, visual-spatial reasoning, attention, working memory, memory, and executive functioning. Mean age was 9;9 years (range 5;1-17;7), 54.3% were girls, and 50.0% had hemiplegic, 25.7% diplegic, 12.9% quadriplegic, and 11.4% dyskinetic CP. For the participants with severe motor impairments, assessments were adapted for gaze pointing...
February 21, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632020/are-patients-with-hemiplegic-stroke-really-walking-with-a-cane-fitted-at-the-greater-trochanter
#10
Yong-Jun Cha
The purpose of this study was to determine the cane lengths currently used by patients with hemiplegic stroke for ambulatory assistance. The sample consisted of 116 adults with hemiplegic stroke. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test for trend were conducted to examine the distributions of cane lengths, which were classified as follows: reaching >2 cm below the greater trochanter (GT), reaching from <2 cm below to <2 cm above the GT, or reaching >2 cm above the GT. Cane lengths reaching >2 cm above the GT were most common (range 62%-88%)...
February 26, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629270/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-modified-wheelchair-arm-support-to-reduce-shoulder-pain-in-stroke-patients
#11
Ruihuan Pan, Mingchao Zhou, Hao Cai, Youhua Guo, Lechang Zhan, Mei Li, Zhijing Yang, Leying Zhu, Jie Zhan, Hongxia Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of modified wheelchair arm-support to mitigate hemiplegic shoulder pain and reduce pain frequency in stroke patients. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial using computer-generated simple randomization. SETTING: Participants recruited from inpatients at the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine. SUBJECTS: A total of 120 patients with stroke were divided into two groups...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617542/assessment-of-behavioral-tasks-performed-by-hemiplegic-patients-with-impaired-dexterity-post-stroke
#12
S Bashir, A Caipa, E B Plow
Disability continues to be one of the leading reasons individuals affected by stroke are left incapable of performing daily activities. Due to the staggering number of disabled adults suffering post-stroke neurological damage, there is a critical need for creating and monitoring effects of successful, intensive stroke therapies. Behavioral assessments are useful tools by which to examine the effectiveness of these stroke therapies as they allow for the investigation of multiple variables, including task performance time, performance quality, and degree of motor function...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612547/-treatment-of-unilateral-neglect-using-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-and-sensory-cueing-sc-in-stroke-patients
#13
Ren-Gang Zhang, Sha-Xin Liu, Feng-Yi Wang, Xi-Chao Ma, Yong-Hong Yang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and sensory cueing (SC) for improving hemi-spatial attention deficits related to unilateral neglect, upper limb function and independence of stroke patients. METHODS: An assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Eligible stroke patients were treated with rTMS (n =17) or rTMS combined with SC (n =16) in addition to conventional rehabilitation measures...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606661/effects-of-virtual-reality-training-using-xbox-kinect-on-motor-function-in-stroke-survivors-a-preliminary-study
#14
Dae-Sung Park, Do-Gyun Lee, Kyeongbong Lee, GyuChang Lee
BACKGROUND: Although the Kinect gaming system (Microsoft Corp, Redmond, WA) has been shown to be of therapeutic benefit in rehabilitation, the applicability of Kinect-based virtual reality (VR) training to improve motor function following a stroke has not been investigated. This study aimed to investigate the effects of VR training, using the Xbox Kinect-based game system, on the motor recovery of patients with chronic hemiplegic stroke. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603380/improved-functional-independence-measure-facilitates-return-to-home-after-paralyzed-upper-limb-training-a-case-report
#15
Kuniaki Nagai, Fumiaki Yamaguchi
[Purpose] We report a case in which rehabilitation that targeted the paralyzed side's upper limb in a hemiplegic stroke patient remarkably accelerated the patient's ability to perform activities of daily living, improved her Functional Independence Measure score, and facilitated the patient's return to home. [Subject and Methods] We provided rehabilitation training to a female patient who experienced a cerebral infarction at a nursing home for the elderly and was admitted to the Kaifukuki recovery phase rehabilitation ward in order to improve her activities of daily living and return home...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601240/first-episode-of-hemiplegic-migraine
#16
Stephanie Ahrens, Adam Ostendorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597693/the-effects-of-mental-practice-combined-with-modified-constraint-induced-therapy-on-corticospinal-excitability-movement-quality-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-persons-with-stroke
#17
Hee Kim, Eun-Young Yoo, Min-Ye Jung, Jongbae Kim, Ji-Hyuk Park, Dae-Hyuk Kang
PURPOSE: Studies on to what extent the combined therapy of modified constraint-induced movement therapy and mental practice is more effective than modified constraint-induced movement therapy alone are lacking. This study aims to compare the effects of the combined therapy with modified constraint-induced movement therapy alone on corticospinal excitability, quality of the movement of the affected upper extremity, upper motor functions, and performance of the affected arm in daily life of hemiplegic stroke patients...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596465/-somatoparaphrenia
#18
Satoka Akita, Tomoko Akiyama, Masaru Mimura
Somatoparaphrenia (SP) typically occurs after a right-hemisphere stroke, where the patient refers to his/her hemiplegic left hand as belonging to someone else. In this report, we review the literature for the brain structures affected in SP. We also report three cases with varying degrees of SP: a typical case, one case where SP affected the visceral sensations, and one case where a concurring psychiatric condition lead to a very complex, bizarre delusion.
June 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593511/de-novo-exonic-duplication-of-atp1a2-in-italian-patient-with-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#19
Stella Gagliardi, Gaetano Salvatore Grieco, Francesca Gualandi, Luisa Maria Caniatti, Elisabetta Groppo, Marialuisa Valente, Giuseppe Nappi, Marcella Neri, Cristina Cereda
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Hemiplegic Migraine is a rare form of migraine headache. Mutations in three different genes, two ion-channel genes and one encoding an ATP exchanger, CACNA1A, ATP1A2 and SCN1A are all responsible for the FHM phenotype, thus indicating a genetic heterogeneity for this disorder. Here, we described a de novo exonic duplication of ATP1A2 in an Italian patient with Hemiplegic Migraine. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a young woman (33 year old) who suffered from the age of 8 years of episodic weakness of the limbs, associated to other subjective and objective features...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587341/histological-and-functional-assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-in-rats-following-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury
#20
Hyunha Kim, Min Jae Kim, Young Soo Koo, Hae In Lee, Sae-Won Lee, Myung Jun Shin, Soo-Yeon Kim, Yong Beom Shin, Yong-Il Shin, Byung Tae Choi, Young Ju Yun, Hwa Kyoung Shin
Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is used in stroke rehabilitation to promote recovery of upper limb motor function. However, its efficacy in improving functional outcomes in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy has not been clearly determined in clinical or experimental research. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of a new experimental model of CIMT, evaluated in terms of mortality, stress, motor and cognitive function in rats having undergone a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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