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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032720/effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-spasticity-in-hemiplegic-legs-of-patients-with-stroke
#1
Kodai Miyara, Shuji Matsumoto, Tomohiro Uema, Tomokazu Noma, Keiko Ikeda, Akihiko Ohwatashi, Ryoji Kiyama, Megumi Shimodozono
BACKGROUND: Several reports have focused on the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) on spasticity with differing results. Most studies used modified Ashworth scale (MAS) for qualitative measurements, but the effect was small. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of WBV on spasticity in hemiplegic legs of patients with stroke using F-wave parameters. METHODS: Sixteen patients with stroke (mean age, 54.7 ± 13.5 years: time after stroke, 28...
October 16, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030123/results-and-complications-of-flexor-digitorum-superficialis-to-profundus-transfer-in-brain-injured-patients-a-review-of-26-patients
#2
E Peraut, L Taïeb, C Jourdan, F Coroian, I Laffont, M Chammas, B Coulet
INTRODUCTION: In hemiplegic patients with a spastic clenched fist deformity, one of the goals of surgery is to address the hygiene, nursing and appearance problems. Transfer of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) to the flexor digitorum profundus (FDP), initially described by Braun and colleagues, opens the non-functional hand in these patients. The primary objective of our study was to confirm the effectiveness of this technique for correcting these deformities. The secondary objectives were to demonstrate potential functional gains and to identify potential complications...
October 10, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994346/the-factor-structure-of-the-dispositional-hope-scale-in-hemiplegic-stroke-patients
#3
Eun-Young Park, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Hope is an important coping strategy and psychological resource for patients with a chronic illness. Stroke patients are exposed to stressful situations such as limited daily life activities, cognitive impairments and financial burdens. AIM: This study investigated the factor structure of the Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS) and verified its validity when examining stroke patients. METHODS: This methodological study used secondary, cross-sectional data analysis to investigate the factors related to participation restriction in chronic stroke patients...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993560/clinical-applicability-and-psychometric-properties-of-manual-function-test-for-patients-with-stroke
#4
Hyun Jung Kim, Kyunghoon Min, Chan Ho Lee, Yun Kyung Cho, Jin Soo Yoon, Dong Rae Cho, Kyoung Suk Woo, Je Young Song, MinYoung Kim
The Manual Function Test (MFT) is a tool to assess upper extremity motor impairment associated with stroke. This study investigated psychometric properties of the Korean version of the MFT and to establish normative data. Eighty-one patients were enrolled to evaluate MFT, Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and manual muscle test (MMT). MFT was completed by eight raters on two occasions separated by 6 weeks. Absolute and relative reliability and validity were examined. Additionally, MFT was assessed on 75 healthy controls of different ages...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988699/disruption-of-ankyrin-b-and-caveolin-1-interaction-sites-alters-na-k-atpase-membrane-diffusion
#5
Cornelia Junghans, Vladana Vukojević, Neslihan N Tavraz, Eugene G Maksimov, Werner Zuschratter, Franz-Josef Schmitt, Thomas Friedrich
The Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is a plasma membrane ion transporter of high physiological importance for ion homeostasis and cellular excitability in electrically active tissues. Mutations in the genes coding for Na(+),K(+)-ATPase α-subunit isoforms lead to severe human pathologies including Familial Hemiplegic Migraine type 2, Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood, Rapid-onset Dystonia Parkinsonism, or epilepsy. Many of the reported mutations lead to change- or loss-of-function effects, whereas others do not alter the functional properties, but lead to, e...
October 5, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976249/walking-and-balance-ability-gain-from-two-types-of-gait-intervention-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-hemiplegic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#6
Yoon-Hee Choi, Jung-Doo Kim, Jun-Ho Lee, Yong-Jun Cha
This study examined whether the walking and balance ability of adult patients with chronic hemiplegic stroke are associated differentially with the degree of gain after 2 types of gait intervention. Twenty-four subjects with hemiplegic stroke were enrolled in this randomized study. Each subject participated in one of two gait intervention strategies: gait training with auditory feedback caused by active weight bearing on the paralyzed side (experimental group; EG) or general gait intervention over the ground (control group; CG)...
October 4, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971620/effectiveness-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-after-acute-stroke-a-one-year-longitudinal-randomized-trial
#7
Yu-Zhou Guan, Jing Li, Xue-Wei Zhang, Shuang Wu, Hua Du, Li-Ying Cui, Wei-Hong Zhang
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on motor recovery after stroke using a prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled study. METHODS: Patients with unilateral subcortical infarction in the middle cerebral artery territory within 1 week after onset were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into an rTMS treatment group and a sham group. We performed high-frequency rTMS or sham rTMS on the two groups...
October 2, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950803/changes-in-gait-and-plantar-foot-loading-upon-using-vibrotactile-wearable-biofeedback-system-in-patients-with-stroke
#8
Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Yong-Ping Zheng, Winson Chiu-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients with stroke walk with excessive foot inversion at the affected side, which may disturb their balance and gait. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of instant biofeedback of plantar force at the medial and lateral forefoot regions on gait and plantar foot loading in patients with stroke. METHODS: A total of eight patients with hemiplegic stroke, who had flexible rearfoot varus deformity at the affected side, participated in this study...
September 27, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931998/trunk-function-in-hemiplegic-wheelchair-users-when-using-wheelchair-cushions
#9
Kyohei Kawada
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate adapting wheelchair cushions to hemiplegic individuals based on trunk function and a single-leg driving motion. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 18 hemiplegic adults who were able to use and sit up in a wheelchair. Subjects were grouped into Able and Unable groups according to the Functional Assessment for Control of the Trunk (FACT). The posterior pelvic tilt angle and the driving speed and muscle activity at the long head of the biceps femoris at the start of wheelchair use were measured for three wheelchair cushion conditions, and FACT factors and cushion factors were then analyzed...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918117/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-high-school-football-player-with-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#10
Manisha R Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck
Mild traumatic brain injury is a major concern in young athletes, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million reported concussions in the US annually. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by sporadic episodes of transient unilateral motor weakness which may begin at any age. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation.
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901192/neuronal-cell-sheets-of-cortical-motor-neuron-phenotype-derived-from-human-ipscs
#11
Noboru Suzuki, Nagisa Arimitsu, Jun Shimizu, Kenji Takai, Chieko Hirotsu, Yuji Ueda, Sueshige Wakisaka, Naruyoshi Fujiwara, Tomoko Suzuki
Transplantation of stem cells that differentiate into more mature neural cells brings about functional improvement in preclinical studies of stroke. Previous transplant approaches in the diseased brain utilized injection of the cells in a cell suspension. In addition, neural stem cells were preferentially used for grafting. However, these cells had no specific relationship to the damaged tissue of stroke and brain injury patients. The injection of cells in a suspension destroyed the cell-cell interactions that are suggested to be important for promoting functional integrity of cortical motor neurons...
August 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900414/alterations-in-spectral-attributes-of-surface-electromyograms-after-utilization-of-a-foot-drop-stimulator-during-post-stroke-gait
#12
Rakesh Pilkar, Arvind Ramanujam, Karen J Nolan
BACKGROUND: A foot drop stimulator (FDS) is a rehabilitation intervention that stimulates the common peroneal nerve to facilitate ankle dorsiflexion at the appropriate time during post-stroke hemiplegic gait. Time-frequency analysis (TFA) of non-stationary surface electromyograms (EMG) and spectral variables such as instantaneous mean frequency (IMNF) can provide valuable information on the long-term effects of FDS intervention in terms of changes in the motor unit (MU) recruitment during gait, secondary to improved dorsiflexion...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900389/cerebellar-atrophy-and-changes-in-cytokines-associated-with-the-cacna1a-r583q-mutation-in-a-russian-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-type-1-family
#13
Svetlana F Khaiboullina, Elena G Mendelevich, Leyla H Shigapova, Elena Shagimardanova, Guzel Gazizova, Alexey Nikitin, Ekaterina Martynova, Yuriy N Davidyuk, Enver I Bogdanov, Oleg Gusev, Arn M J M van den Maagdenberg, Rashid A Giniatullin, Albert A Rizvanov
Background: Immune mechanisms recently emerged as important contributors to migraine pathology with cytokines affecting neuronal excitation. Therefore, elucidating the profile of cytokines activated in various forms of migraine, including those with a known genetic cause, can help in diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Methods: Here we (i) performed exome sequencing to identify the causal gene mutation and (ii) measured, using Bio-Plex technology, 22 cytokines in serum of patients with familial migraine (two with hemiplegic migraine and two with migraine with aura) from a Russian family that ethnically belongs to the Tatar population...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900040/reduced-diaphragm-excursion-during-reflexive-citric-acid-cough-test-in-subjects-with-subacute-stroke
#14
Yong-Min Choi, Geun-Young Park, Yeonji Yoo, Donggyun Sohn, YongJun Jang, Sun Im
BACKGROUND: Diaphragm excursion is limited during respiratory maneuvers after a stroke. How the diaphragm is limited during reflexive coughs and affects the effectiveness of cough in stroke patients is unclear. This study aimed to measure reflexive cough strength by cough peak flow (CPF) induced by citric acid nebulization (2.8 mol/L), record diaphragm excursions during reflexive coughs in stroke subjects at risk of silent aspiration, and compare these values with those of stroke subjects without risk of aspiration or dysphagia...
September 12, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889982/retraction-notice-to-electrical-stimulation-for-hemiplegic-shoulder-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-15-randomized-controlled-trials-arch-phys-med-rehabil-97-2016-1588-94
#15
Ping Gu, Juan-Juan Ran
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal). This article has been retracted at the request of the co-Editors-in-Chief. The article plagiarizes a paper that was published in BioMed Research International, Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 729768, 14 pages, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/729768. Nearly the entire introduction and sections of the methods, limitations and conclusions duplicate the BioMed Research International paper...
September 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886079/associations-between-lower-limb-muscle-activation-and-knee-flexion-in-post-stroke-individuals-a-study-on-the-stance-to-swing-phases-of-gait
#16
Wei Wang, Ke Li, Shouwei Yue, Cuiping Yin, Na Wei
Reduced knee flexion is a leading feature of post-stroke gait, but the causes have not been well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the knee flexion and the lower-limb muscle activation within the stance-to-swing phases of gait cycle in the post-stroke hemiplegic patients. Ten stroke patients and 10 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects participated in the experiment. The lower-limb kinematic signals and the surface electromyography (sEMG) signals of the left and right rectus femoris (RF), biceps femoris (BF) and lateral gastrocnemius (GS) were recorded during walking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878467/key-function-for-obstacle-crossing-in-hemiplegic-persons-with-varied-degrees-of-spasticity
#17
Hideaki Tanaka, Masami Yokogawa, Takao Nakagawa, Masahide Ibune, Toshihiro Ishiwatari, Shinichirou Kawakita
[Purpose] To evaluate various key functions related to obstacle crossing motions in hemiplegic people based on the paralysis degree. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-seven patients with maintenance-stage hemiplegia who could independently ambulate outdoors were included. Subjects' crossing movements were measured using obstacles with heights of 10%, 20%, and 30% of the trochanter length. The relationship among maximal crossing height and isometric knee extension muscle strength, one leg standing time, Trunk Impairment Scale score, disease duration, and subject age was examined, as was the target variable of maximum crossing height and the top four measurement items, to determine the explanatory variables...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877510/heart-rate-variability-modifications-induced-by-high-doses-of-incobotulinumtoxina-and-onabotulinumtoxina-in-hemiplegic-chronic-stroke-patients-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-crossover-pilot-study
#18
Alessio Baricich, Elisa Grana, Stefano Carda, Andrea Santamato, Claudio Molinari, Carlo Cisari, Marco Invernizzi
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A is a valid and safe treatment for focal spasticity, with documented effects on both sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. Heart rate variability can provide detailed information about the control of the autonomic nervous system on cardiovascular activities. Previous studies in literature showed no significant changes in Heart Rate Variability with doses >600 U of incobotulinumtoxinA in chronic post stroke spastic patients; however, at present time, these results have not been confirmed with doses >600 U of onabotulinumtoxinA...
November 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875598/recovery-of-proprioception-in-the-upper-extremity-by-robotic-mirror-therapy-a-clinical-pilot-study-for-proof-of-concept
#19
Hyung Seok Nam, Sukgyu Koh, Jaewon Beom, Yoon Jae Kim, Jang Woo Park, Eun Sil Koh, Sun Gun Chung, Sungwan Kim
A novel robotic mirror therapy system was recently developed to provide proprioceptive stimulus to the hemiplegic arm during a mirror therapy. Validation of the robotic mirror therapy system was performed to confirm its synchronicity prior to the clinical study. The mean error angle range between the intact arm and the robot was 1.97 to 4.59 degrees. A 56-year-old male who had right middle cerebral artery infarction 11 months ago received the robotic mirror therapy for ten 30-minute sessions during 2 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870817/-prrt2-mutation-and-infantile-convulsions
#20
M Mathot, D Lederer, S Gerard, E Gueulette, M Deprez
New genetic techniques have made it possible to better understand the implications of the PRRT2 gene (proline rich transmembrane protein 2) in various neurological disorders. Mutations within this gene are responsible for kinesigenic paroxysmal dyskinesias (PKD) as well as for benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE), a disease associating infantile convulsions and choreoathetosis (ICCA), a form of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM type 4), paroxysmal benign torticollis of childhood, and episodic ataxia. We describe the case of an infant, carrying a mutation of the PRRT2 gene, with a classical presentation...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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